Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Respir Med ; 171: 106104, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795903

RESUMO

High-level spinal cord injury (SCI) is characterized by profound respiratory compromise. One consequence is a limitation of whole-body exercise-based rehabilitation, reducing its cardioprotective effect. We investigated the use of ventilatory support during training on cardiorespiratory response to exercise. Nine subjects with high-level SCI (T3-C4) were included in this double-blind sham-controlled study. All had training adaptations plateauing for more than 6 months before enrolling in the study. After performing baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned to continue training with non-invasive ventilation (NIV: n = 6: IPAP = 20 ± 2, EPAP: 3 cmH2O) or sham (n = 3: IPAP = 5, EPAP: 3 cmH2O) for 3 months and performed again maximal exercise tests. We compared the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES, the rate of increases in VO2 in relation to increasing VE) before and after training. Training with NIV increased OUES both compared to baseline (4.1 ± 1.1 vs. 3.4 ± 1.0, i.e. +20 ± 12%, p < 0.05) and Sham (p = 0.01), representing an increase in ability to uptake oxygen for a given ventilation. This result was sustained without NIV during the test, suggesting improved cardiopulmonary reserve. Best responders were the youngest whose characteristics were very similar to sham participants. In addition, NIV tended to increase weekly rowing distance by 24% (p = 0.09, versus 10% in sham). Our results are very suggestive of a positive effect of ventilatory support during whole-body exercise in high-level SCI. Training adaptations found are of great importance since this sub-population of patients have the greatest need for exercise-based cardio-protection.

2.
Guatem. pediátr. ; 2(2): 19-27, 2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-981315

RESUMO

Algunas veces es necesario el transporte aéreo internacional de recién nacidos críticamente enfermos con necesidades especiales que amerita su traslado a centros regionales en el extranjero. Describimos nuestra experiencia con el transporte de neonatos críticamente enfermos desde Guatemala a San Petersburgo, Florida, EE.UU. Este artículo revisa lo relacionado con el transporte aéreo de recién nacidos enfermos incluyendo personal, equipo médico, administración de transporte e implementación de políticas. Los traslados fueron analizados por el tipo de avión, equipo médico y personal a bordo, duración del transporte, condición clínica durante el vuelo y a la llegada, complicaciones durante el transporte y los resultados al egreso de la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales . Los resultados indican que el uso de un enfoque multidisciplinario y una planificación cuidados permite un transporte aéreo óptimo y seguro.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido , Estado Terminal
3.
Acta Biomater ; 27: 286-293, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26320541

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Tissue engineering of osteochondral grafts may offer a cell-based alternative to native allografts, which are in short supply. Previous studies promote the fabrication of grafts consisting of a viable cell-seeded hydrogel integrated atop a porous, bone-like metal. Advantages of the manufacturing process have led to the evaluation of porous titanium as the bone-like base material. Here, porous titanium was shown to support the growth of cartilage to produce native levels of Young's modulus, using a clinically relevant cell source. Mechanical and biochemical properties were similar or higher for the osteochondral constructs compared to chondral-only controls. Further investigation into the mechanical influence of the base on the composite material suggests that underlying pores may decrease interstitial fluid pressurization and applied strains, which may be overcome by alterations to the base structure. Future studies aim to optimize titanium-based tissue engineered osteochondral constructs to best match the structural architecture and strength of native grafts. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The studies described in this manuscript follow up on previous studies from our lab pertaining to the fabrication of osteochondral grafts that consist of a bone-like porous metal and a chondrocyte-seeded hydrogel. Here, tissue engineered osteochondral grafts were cultured to native stiffness using adult chondrocytes, a clinically relevant cell source, and a porous titanium base, a material currently used in clinical implants. This porous titanium is manufactured via selective laser melting, offering the advantages of precise control over shape, pore size, and orientation. Additionally, this manuscript describes the mechanical influence of the porous base, which may have applicability to porous bases derived from other materials.


Assuntos
Substitutos Ósseos/química , Cartilagem Articular/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Condrócitos/fisiologia , Engenharia Tecidual/instrumentação , Tecidos Suporte , Titânio/química , Animais , Cartilagem Articular/citologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Condrócitos/citologia , Força Compressiva , Cães , Módulo de Elasticidade , Porosidade , Estresse Mecânico , Resistência à Tração , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
4.
Clin Obstet Gynecol ; 56(1): 193-201, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23314713

RESUMO

Neonatal abstinence syndrome has become a growing concern in infants born to substance-abusing mothers in the State of Florida. At Sarasota Memorial Hospital in Sarasota, FL, methadone and morphine treatment strategies have been formulated to manage symptomatic neonates after birth. We report our findings over a 5-year period utilizing each of these protocols in a community hospital setting.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Metadona/uso terapêutico , Morfina/uso terapêutico , Entorpecentes/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Abstinência Neonatal/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Florida , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome de Abstinência Neonatal/etiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez
5.
Cytotechnology ; 56(2): 81-90, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19002845

RESUMO

Anoikis is a specific form of apoptosis resulting from the loss of cellular attachment to extracellular matrix or other cells. Challenges in simulating these conditions in vitro make it difficult to generate a controlled, efficient assay to study anoikis. We developed a microscale method for analysis and quantification of anoikis using micromolded, non-adhesive hydrogels. These hydrogels allow for isolation and observation of single, unattached cells in an ordered array, and controlled distribution. Cell distributions resulting from multiple seeding densities were compared to a mathematical probability model. Normal human fibroblasts, human umbilical vein endothelial cells, and Mandin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells were seeded at low densities of approximately one cell/well. Because the hydrogel is made of non-adhesive agarose, attachment was negligible. Survival was monitored using fluorescent microscopy, and quantified by image analysis. The attachment and proliferative potential of cells after being held in a non-adherent environment was assessed with a companion attachment assay. The data from both methods revealed that cells were able to survive much longer than expected without attachment. When tested with H35 rat hepatoma cells we showed that single cancer cells could grow into three-dimensional spheroids, demonstrating the utility of this method in understanding the role of anoikis in cancer.

6.
Biotechniques ; 43(4): 494, 496-500, 2007 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18019341

RESUMO

Techniques that allow cells to self-assemble into three-dimensional (3-D) spheroid microtissues provide powerful in vitro models that are becoming increasingly popular--especially in fields such as stem cell research, tissue engineering, and cancer biology. Unfortunately, caveats involving scale, expense, geometry, and practicality have hindered the widespread adoption of these techniques. We present an easy-to-use, inexpensive, and scalable technology for production of complex-shaped, 3-D microtissues. Various primary cells and immortal cell lines were utilized to demonstrate that this technique is applicable to many cell types and highlight differences in their self-assembly phenomena. When seeded onto micromolded, nonadhesive agarose gels, cells settle into recesses, the architectures of which optimize the requisite cell-to-cell interactions for spontaneous self-assembly. With one pipeting step, we were able to create hundreds of uniform spheroids whose size was determined by seeding density. Multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) were assembled or grown from single cells, and their proliferation was quantified using a modified 4-[3-(4-iodophenyl)-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-2H-5-tetrazolio]-1,3-benzene disulfonate (WST-1) assay. Complex-shaped (e.g., honeycomb) microtissues of homogeneous or mixed cell populations can be easily produced, opening new possibilities for 3-D tissue culture.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/instrumentação , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Hidrogéis/química , Sefarose/química , Engenharia Tecidual/instrumentação , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Adesividade , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Teste de Materiais
7.
FASEB J ; 21(14): 4005-12, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17627028

RESUMO

It is thought that, due to energy and surface area:volume minimization, the spheroid is the terminal structure of cellular self-assembly. We investigated whether self-assembly could be directed to generate complex-shaped structures. Using micromolded, nonadhesive agarose hydrogels seeded with rat hepatoma (H35s), human fibroblasts (NHFs), or their mix (1:1), we show that cells can self-assemble rods, tori, and honeycombs. We found that in trough-shaped recesses up to 2.2 mm long, H35s readily formed rod-like structures stable at 49% the recess lengths. They also formed intact tori (88%) and fully intact honeycombs structures with patent lumens (9/9) even when released from the mold. In contrast, NHFs in trough features progressed rapidly to spheroids and formed fewer stable tori (30%) and honeycombs (0/9). The 1:1 mix of cells self-assembled rapidly like NHFs but were able to form more stable structures (tori: 30%, honeycombs: 3/9). Experiments with labeled cells in tori and honeycombs revealed that cells self-segregated in these complex structures, with H35s enveloping NHFs, and that NHFs had different morphologies in taut vs. relaxed structures. These data open new possibilities for in vitro tissue models for embryo- and organogenesis study as well as for tissue engineering applications.


Assuntos
Agregação Celular/fisiologia , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Bastonetes/citologia , Esferoides Celulares/citologia , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Cultivadas , Estudos de Viabilidade , Fibroblastos/citologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Ratos , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Bastonetes/patologia , Esferoides Celulares/patologia
8.
Tissue Eng ; 13(8): 2087-94, 2007 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17518713

RESUMO

The process by which cells self-assemble to form three-dimensional (3D) structures is central to morphogenesis and development of living tissues and hence is of growing interest to the field of tissue engineering. Using rapid prototyping technology we made micromolded nonadhesive hydrogels to study the dynamics of self-assembly in a low-shear environment with simple spherical geometries as well as more complex geometries such as a toroid. Aggregate size, shape, and composition were easily controlled; aggregates were easily retrieved; and the dynamics of the assembly process were readily observed by time-lapse microscopy. When two cell types, normal human fibroblasts (NHFs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), were seeded together, they self-segregated into multilayered spherical microtissues with a core of NHFs enveloped by a layer of HUVECs. Surprisingly, when a single cell suspension of NHFs was added to 7-day-old HUVEC spheroids, the HUVEC spheroid reorganized such that NHFs occupied the center and HUVECs coated the outside, demonstrating that self-assembly is not terminal and that spheroids are fluid structures that retain the ability to reassemble. We also showed that cells can self-assemble to form a complex toroid shape, and we observed several phenomena indicating that cellular contraction and tension play a significant role in the assembly process of complex shapes.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Hidrogéis , Engenharia Tecidual , Agregação Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Esferoides Celulares/citologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA