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2.
Heart ; 106(24): 1898-1905, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060261

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, excess mortality has been reported, while hospitalisations for acute cardiovascular events reduced. Brazil is the second country with more deaths due to COVID-19. We aimed to evaluate excess cardiovascular mortality during COVID-19 pandemic in 6 Brazilian capital cities. METHODS: Using the Civil Registry public database, we evaluated total and cardiovascular excess deaths, further stratified in specified cardiovascular deaths (acute coronary syndromes and stroke) and unspecified cardiovascular deaths in the 6 Brazilian cities with greater number of COVID-19 deaths (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Fortaleza, Recife, Belém, Manaus). We compared observed with expected deaths from epidemiological weeks 12-22 of 2020. We also compared the number of hospital and home deaths during the period. RESULTS: There were 65 449 deaths and 17 877 COVID-19 deaths in the studied period and cities for 2020. Cardiovascular mortality increased in most cities, with greater magnitude in the Northern capitals. However, while there was a reduction in specified cardiovascular deaths in the most cities, the Northern capitals showed an increase of these events. For unspecified cardiovascular deaths, there was a marked increase in all cities, which strongly correlated to the rise in home deaths (r=0.86, p=0.01). CONCLUSION: Excess cardiovascular mortality was greater in the less developed cities, possibly associated with healthcare collapse. Specified cardiovascular deaths decreased in the most developed cities, in parallel with an increase in unspecified cardiovascular and home deaths, presumably as a result of misdiagnosis. Conversely, specified cardiovascular deaths increased in cities with a healthcare collapse.

5.
Popul Health Metr ; 18(Suppl 1): 13, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the mortality from all causes as a result of physical inactivity in Brazil and in Brazilian states over 28 years (1990-2017). METHODS: Data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study for Brazil and states were used. The metrics used were the summary exposure value (SEV), the number of deaths, age-standardized mortality rates, and the fraction of population risk attributable to physical inactivity. RESULTS: The Brazilian population presented risk of exposure to physical inactivity of (age-standardized SEV) of 59% (95% U.I. 22-97) in 1990 and 59% in 2017 (95% U.I. 25-99). Physical inactivity contributed a significant number of deaths (1990, 22,537, 95% U.I. 12,157-34,745; 2017, 32,410, 95% U.I. 17,976-49,657) in the analyzed period. These values represented mortality rates standardized by age (per 100,000 inhabitants) of 31 (95% U.I. 17-48) in 1990 and 15 (95% U.I. 8-23) in 2017. From 1990 to 2017, a decrease in standardized death rate from all causes attributable to physical inactivity was observed in Brazil (- 52%, 95% U.I. - 54 to - 49). The Brazilian states with better socioeconomic conditions presented greater reductions in age-standardized mortality (male: rho = 0.80; female: rho 0.84) over the period of 28 years. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the promotion of physical activity in the Brazilian population for the prevention of early mortality.

6.
Popul Health Metr ; 18(Suppl 1): 14, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brazil is the world's fifth most populous nation, and is currently experimenting a fast demographic aging process in a context of scarce resources and social inequalities. To understand the health profile of older adults in Brazil is fundamental for planning public policies. METHODS: The estimates were derived from data obtained through the collaboration between the Brazilian Ministry of Health and the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation of the University of Washington. The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics provided the population estimates. Data on causes of death came from the Mortality Information System. To calculate morbidity, population-based studies on the prevalence of diseases in Brazil were comprehensively searched, in addition to information obtained from national databases such as the Hospital Information System, the Outpatient Information System, and the Injury Information System. We presented the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 estimates among Brazilian older adults (60+ years old) for life expectancy at birth (LE), healthy life expectancy (HALE), cause-specific mortality, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), from 2000 to 2017. RESULTS: LE at birth significantly increased from 71.3 years (95% UI to 70.9-71.8) to 75.2 years (95% UI 74.7-75.7). There was a trend of increasing HALE, from 62.2 years (95% UI 59.54-64.5) to 65.5 years (95% UI 62.6-68.0). The proportion of DALYs among older adults increased from 7.3 to 10.3%. Chronic noncommunicable diseases are the leading cause of death among middle aged and older adults, while Alzheimer's disease is a leading cause only among older adults. Mood disorders, musculoskeletal pain, and hearing or vision losses are among the leading causes of disability. CONCLUSIONS: The increase in LE and the decrease of the DALYs rates are probably results of the improvement of social conditions and health policies. However, the smaller increase of HALE than LE means that despite living more, people spend a substantial time of their old age with disability and illness. Preventable or potentially controllable diseases are responsible for most of the burden of disease among Brazilian older adults. Health investments are necessary to obtain longevity with quality of life in Brazil.

7.
Popul Health Metr ; 18(Suppl 1): 17, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension remains the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide, and its impact in Brazil should be assessed in order to better address the issue. We aimed to describe trends in prevalence and burden of disease attributable to high systolic blood pressure (HSBP) among Brazilians ≥ 25 years old according to sex and federal units (FU) using the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 estimates. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment developed for the GBD study to estimate trends in attributable deaths and disability-adjusted life-years (DALY), by sex, and FU for HSBP from 1990 to 2017. This study included 14 HSBP-outcome pairs. HSBP was defined as ≥ 140 mmHg for prevalence estimates, and a theoretical minimum risk exposure level (TMREL) of 110-115 mmHg was considered for disease burden. We estimated the portion of deaths and DALYs attributed to HSBP. We also explored the drivers of trends in HSBP burden, as well as the correlation between disease burden and sociodemographic development index (SDI). RESULTS: In Brazil, the prevalence of HSBP is 18.9% (95% uncertainty intervals [UI] 18.5-19.3%), with an annual 0.4% increase rate, while age-standardized death rates attributable to HSBP decreased from 189.2 (95%UI 168.5-209.2) deaths to 104.8 (95%UI 94.9-114.4) deaths per 100,000 from 1990 to 2017. In spite of that, the total number of deaths attributable to HSBP increased 53.4% and HSBP raised from 3rd to 1st position, as the leading risk factor for deaths during the period. Regarding total DALYs, HSBP raised from 4th in 1990 to 2nd cause in 2017. The main driver of change of HSBP burden is population aging. Across FUs, the reduction in the age-standardized death rates attributable to HSBP correlated with higher SDI. CONCLUSIONS: While HSBP prevalence shows an increasing trend, age-standardized death and DALY rates are decreasing in Brazil, probably as results of successful public policies for CVD secondary prevention and control, but suboptimal control of its determinants. Reduction was more significant in FUs with higher SDI, suggesting that the effect of health policies was heterogeneous. Moreover, HSBP has become the main risk factor for death in Brazil, mainly due to population aging.

9.
BMJ Open ; 10(5): e036827, 2020 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393615

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Echocardiographic (echo) screening is an important tool to estimate rheumatic heart disease (RHD) prevalence, but the natural history of screen-detected RHD remains unclear. The PROVAR+ (Programa de RastreamentO da VAlvopatia Reumática) study, which uses non-experts, telemedicine and portable echo, pioneered RHD screening in Brazil. We aimed to assess the mid-term evolution of Brazilian schoolchildren (5-18 years) with echocardiography-detected subclinical RHD and to assess the performance of a simplified score consisting of five components of the World Heart Federation criteria, as a predictor of unfavourable echo outcomes. SETTING: Public schools of underserved areas and private schools in Minas Gerais, southeast Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 197 patients (170 borderline and 27 definite RHD) with follow-up of 29±9 months were included. Median age was 14 (12-16) years, and 130 (66%) were woman. Only four patients in the definite group were regularly receiving penicillin. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Unfavourable outcome was based on the 2-year follow-up echo, defined as worsening diagnostic category, remaining with mild definite RHD or development/worsening of valve regurgitation/stenosis. RESULTS: Among patients with borderline RHD, 29 (17.1%) progressed to definite, 49 (28.8%) remained stable, 86 (50.6%) regressed to normal and 6 (3.5%) were reclassified as other heart diseases. Among those with definite RHD, 13 (48.1%) remained in the category, while 5 (18.5%) regressed to borderline, 5 (18.5%) regressed to normal and 4 (14.8%) were reclassified as other heart diseases. The simplified echo score was a significant predictor of RHD unfavourable outcome (HR 1.197, 95% CI 1.098 to 1.305, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The simple risk score provided an accurate prediction of RHD status at 2-year follow-up, showing a good performance in Brazilian schoolchildren, with a potential value for risk stratification and monitoring of echocardiography-detected RHD.

14.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 113(5): 1006-1056, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800728
15.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 113(4): 787-891, 2019 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691761
16.
Précoma, Dalton Bertolim; Oliveira, Gláucia Maria Moraes de; Simão, Antonio Felipe; Dutra, Oscar Pereira; Coelho, Otávio Rizzi; Izar, Maria Cristina de Oliveira; Póvoa, Rui Manuel dos Santos; Giuliano, Isabela de Carlos Back; Filho, Aristóteles Comte de Alencar; Machado, Carlos Alberto; Scherr, Carlos; Fonseca, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein; Filho, Raul Dias dos Santos; Carvalho, Tales de; Avezum Jr, Álvaro; Esporcatte, Roberto; Nascimento, Bruno Ramos; Brasil, David de Pádua; Soares, Gabriel Porto; Villela, Paolo Blanco; Ferreira, Roberto Muniz; Martins, Wolney de Andrade; Sposito, Andrei C; Halpern, Bruno; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Carvalho, Luiz Sergio Fernandes; Tambascia, Marcos Antônio; Coelho-Filho, Otávio Rizzi; Bertolami, Adriana; Filho, Harry Correa; Xavier, Hermes Toros; Neto, José Rocha Faria; Bertolami, Marcelo Chiara; Giraldez, Viviane Zorzanelli Rocha; Brandão, Andrea Araújo; Feitosa, Audes Diógenes de Magalhães; Amodeo, Celso; Souza, Dilma do Socorro Moraes de; Barbosa, Eduardo Costa Duarte; Malachias, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar; Souza, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de; Costa, Fernando Augusto Alves da; Rivera, Ivan Romero; Pellanda, Lucia Campos; Silva, Maria Alayde Mendonça da; Achutti, Aloyzio Cechella; Langowiski, André Ribeiro; Lantieri, Carla Janice Baister; Scholz, Jaqueline Ribeiro; Ismael, Silvia Maria Cury; Ayoub, José Carlos Aidar; Scala, Luiz César Nazário; Neves, Mario Fritsch; Jardim, Paulo Cesar Brandão Veiga; Fuchs, Sandra Cristina Pereira Costa; Jardim, Thiago de Souza Veiga; Moriguchi, Emilio Hideyuki; Schneider, Jamil Cherem; Assad, Marcelo Heitor Vieira; Kaiser, Sergio Emanuel; Lottenberg, Ana Maria; Magnoni, Carlos Daniel; Miname, Marcio Hiroshi; Lara, Roberta Soares; Herdy, Artur Haddad; Araújo, Cláudio Gil Soares de; Milani, Mauricio; Silva, Miguel Morita Fernandes da; Stein, Ricardo; Lucchese, Fernando Antônio; Nobre, Fernando; Griz, Hermilo Borba; Magalhães, Lucélia Batista Neves Cunha; Borba, Mario Henrique Elesbão de; Pontes, Mauro Ricardo Nunes; Mourilhe-Rocha, Ricardo.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(4): 787-891, Oct. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1150799
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(22): e15681, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies that used short message service (SMS) programs as an intervention to promote health care have shown beneficial results in the control of risk factors for ischemic heart disease in patients of high-income countries, but evidence is lacking in low or middle-income countries. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the use of SMS increases risk factor control within 6 months after discharge by acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a middle-income country. METHODS: It will be a 2-arm, parallel, double-blind, randomized clinical trial of 160 patients discharged after an ACS from a single center with 6 months of follow-up. The intervention group will receive 4 SMS per week offering advice, motivation and information about medication adherence, increase of regular physical activity, adoption of healthy dietary measures, and smoking cessation (if appropriate). The primary outcome is achieving 4 or 5 points in a risk factor control score, which combines the cluster effect of 5 main modifiable risk factors for ACS [low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C <70 mg/dL, blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg, regular exercise (≥5 days/week × 30 minutes of moderate exercise per session), nonsmoker status, and body mass index, BMI <25 kg/m]. Secondary outcomes are plasma LDL-C level, level of physical activity, blood pressure, medication adherence, proportion of nonsmokers, BMI, rehospitalization, cardiovascular death, and death from any cause. This study, as a randomized clinical trial protocol, followed the recommendations of the Standard Protocol Items (SPIRIT). EXPECTED OUTCOMES: This study aims to provide evidence of whether SMS interventions are effective in improving cardiovascular disease risk factors control in post-ACS patients in a middle-income country. CLINICALTRIALS. GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT03414190 (First posted on January 29, 2018; last update on May 14, 2018) - Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Motivação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco
19.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31022053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to access the prevalence of 19 neuropsychiatric syndromes in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE), as defined by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) in 1999, by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of relevant publications. METHODS: A literature search from April 1999 to March 2018 identified studies investigating neuropsychiatric syndromes in cSLE patients, applying 1999 ACR Case Definitions, with a sample of at least 20 patients. Case reports, small case series, reviews, articles that did not use 1999 ACR case definitions, and those with adult SLE patients were excluded. The methodological quality of the studies was determined through the Loney quality assessment. Prevalence estimates with a 95% confidence interval were combined using random-effect (DerSimonian-Laird) models. RESULTS: A total of 143 articles were identified and 9 were included. In a population of 1463 cSLE patients, 351 (29.9%) presented 869 neuropsychiatric cSLE events (2.48 events/patient). The results for each syndrome were headache (52.2%), seizure disorders (48.6%), cognitive dysfunction (32.9%), mood disorder (28.3%), psychosis (22.7%), cerebrovascular disease (19.5%), acute confusional state (15.7%), movement disorder (9.4%), anxiety disorder (7.2%), aseptic meningitis (5.1%), mononeuropathy single/multiplex (4.9%), myelopathy (4.2%), demyelinating syndrome (3.2%), cranial neuropathy (2.7%), polyneuropathy (2.6%), Guillain-Barré syndrome (2.5%), autonomic disorder (1.9%), plexopathy (1.3%), and myasthenia gravis (1.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Neuropsychiatric syndromes are prevalent among cSLE patients. The most prevalent were headaches, seizures, cognitive dysfunction, mood disorders, and psychosis. Determining the prevalence of each neuropsychiatric syndrome in cSLE may improve clinical awareness of these potentially fatal and disabling conditions.

20.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(1): 156-163, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30244517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conventional hemodynamic parameters may not accurately predict symptomatic improvement after percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty (PMV). Changes in left heart chamber compliance following adequate relief o0066 mitral stenosis (MS) may be useful in determining functional capacity after PMV. This study aims to determine the acute effects of PMV on compliance of the left heart and whether its changes relate to the patient's functional capacity. METHODS: One-hundred thirty-seven patients with severe MS undergoing PMV were enrolled. Left atrial (Ca ) and left ventricular (Cv ) compliance were invasively estimated and net atrioventricular compliance (Cav ) was calculated before and immediately after the procedure. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels were obtained before and 24 hr after the procedure. The primary endpoint was functional status at 6-month follow-up, and the secondary endpoint was a composite of death, mitral valve (MV) replacement, repeat PMV, new onset of atrial fibrillation, or stroke in patients in whom PMV was successful. RESULTS: The mean age was 43 ± 12 years, and 119 patients were female (87%). After PMV, Ca and Cav improved significantly from 5.3 [IQR 3.2-8.2] mL/mmHg to 8.7 [5.3-19.2] mL/mmHg (P < 0.001) and 2.2 [1.6-3.4] to 2.8 [2.1-4.1] mL/mmHg (P < 0.001), respectively, whereas Cv did not change (4.6 [3.2-6.8] to 4.4 [3.1-5.6]; P = 0.637). Plasma BNP levels significantly decreased after PMV, with no correlation between its variation and changes in left chamber compliance. At 6-month follow-up, NYHA functional class remained unchanged in 32 patients (23%). By multivariable analyses, changes in Ca immediately after PMV (adjusted OR 1.42; 95% CI 95% 1.02 to 1.97; P = 0.037) and younger age (adjusted OR 0.95; CI 95% 0.92-0.98; P = 0.004), predicted improvement in functional capacity at 6-month follow-up, independent of postprocedural data. The secondary endpoint were predicted by post-PMV mean gradient (adjusted HR 1.363; 95% CI 95% 1.027-1.809; P = 0.032), and lack of functional improvement at 6-month follow-up (adjusted HR 4.959; 95% 1.708-14.403; P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Ca and Cav increase significantly after PMV with no change in Cv . The improvement of Ca is an important predictor of functional status at 6-month follow up, independently of other hemodynamic data. Postprocedural mean gradient and lack of short-term symptomatic improvement were predictors of adverse outcome.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Hemodinâmica , Estenose da Valva Mitral/terapia , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Valvuloplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Complacência (Medida de Distensibilidade) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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