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1.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 120, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Moral distress occurs when professionals cannot carry out what they believe to be ethically appropriate actions because of constraints or barriers. We aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Japanese translation of the Measure of Moral Distress for Healthcare Professionals (MMD-HP). METHODS: We translated the questionnaire into Japanese according to the instructions of EORTC Quality of Life group translation manual. All physicians and nurses who were directly involved in patient care at nine departments of four tertiary hospitals in Japan were invited to a survey to assess the construct validity, reliability and factor structure. Construct validity was assessed with the relation to the intention to leave the clinical position, and internal consistency was assessed with Cronbach's alpha. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted. RESULTS: 308 responses were eligible for the analysis. The mean total score of MMD-HP (range, 0-432) was 98.2 (SD, 59.9). The score was higher in those who have or had the intention to leave their clinical role due to moral distress than in those who do not or did not have the intention of leaving (mean 113.7 [SD, 61.3] vs. 86.1 [56.6], t-test p < 0.001). The confirmatory factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha confirmed the validity (chi-square, 661.9; CMIN/df, 2.14; GFI, 0.86; CFI, 0.88; CFI/TLI, 1.02; RMSEA, 0.061 [90%CI, 0.055-0.067]) and reliability (0.91 [95%CI, 0.89-0.92]) of the instrument. CONCLUSIONS: The translated Japanese version of the MMD-HP is a reliable and valid instrument to assess moral distress among physicians and nurses.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde/ética , Pessoal de Saúde/ética , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Princípios Morais , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Traduções , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estresse Psicológico
2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20172017 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28724601

RESUMO

Liver trauma is a recognised rare complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and may be difficult to detect. We report a case of intraperitoneal haemorrhage due to liver injury following CPR in a 50-year-old man admitted to the intensive care unit. The haemorrhage was diagnosed with focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST). FAST can rapidly and easily diagnose liver injury. FAST is recommended for excluding haemoperitoneum in patients who are haemodynamically unstable after resuscitation.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Hemoperitônio/diagnóstico , Fígado/lesões , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico , Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Abdominais/etiologia , Hemoperitônio/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemoperitônio/etiologia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/etiologia
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