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Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 15(5): 353-360, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30129163


BACKGROUND: Conclusive evidence on the effect of nurse staffing ratios on nurse-sensitive outcomes (NSOs) has not yet been achieved worldwide. AIMS: To describe the relationship between nurse staffing and NSOs at a Magnet designated, university hospital a low-income country. METHODS: A 48-month prospective study assessed the relationship between nurse staffing and six patient outcomes or NSOs in medical-surgical units and critical care units (CCUs). Nurse staffing was measured by nursing hours per patient day (NHPPD) and skill mix, whereas NSOs were total falls and injury falls per 1,000 patient days, percent of surveyed patients with hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPI), catheter-associated urinary tract infections, ventilator-associated pneumonia, and central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) per 1,000 central line days. RESULTS: The odds for total falls, injury falls, HAPI, and CLABSI in the medical-surgical units were higher with lower NHPPD ratios, OR = 4.67, p = .000; OR = 4.33, p = .001; OR = 3.77, p = .004 and OR = 2.61, p = .006, respectively. For the CCUs, lower rates of NHPPD increased the odds for total falls, OR = 6.25, p = .0007, HAPIs OR = 3.91, p = .001 and CLABSI, OR = 4.78, p = .000. Skill mix was associated with total falls, OR = 2.40, p = .005 and HAPIs OR = 2.07, p = .03 in the medical-surgical units but had no effect in any NSOs in the CCUs. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Higher rates of nurses per patient were effective in improving some NSOs but not others. Skill mix had no effect on any of the six NSOs in the CCUs. As such, the results remain inconclusive as the benefits of the higher nurse to patient ratios in this low-income country warranting further multisite studies in different settings and countries.

Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/estatística & dados numéricos , Áreas de Pobreza , Estudos Prospectivos
Appl Nurs Res ; 28(2): 106-13, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25190271


BACKGROUND: Pressure Ulcers (PUs) are associated with high mortality, morbidity, and health care costs. In addition to being costly, PrUs cause pain, suffering, infection, a lower quality of life, extended hospital stay and even death. Although several nursing interventions have been advocated in the literature, there is a paucity of research on what constitutes the most effective nursing intervention. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of multidisciplinary intervention and to assess which component of the intervention was most predictive of decreasing the prevalence of Hospital acquired pressure ulcers (HAPU) in a tertiary setting in Lebanon. DESIGN: An evaluation prospective research design was utilized with data before and after the intervention. The sample consisted of 468 patients admitted to the hospital from January 2012 to April 2013. RESULTS: The prevalence of HAPU was significantly reduced from 6.63% in 2012 to 2.47. Sensitivity of the Braden scale in predicting a HAPU was 92.30% and specificity was 60.04%. A logistic multiple regression equation found that two factors significantly predicted the development of a HAPU; skin care and Braden scores. CONCLUSION: The multidisciplinary approach was effective in decreasing the prevalence of HAPUs. Skin care management which was a significant predictor of PUs should alert nurses to the cost effectiveness of this intervention. Lower Braden scores also were predictive of HAPUs.

Hospitais , Lesão por Pressão/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Lesão por Pressão/epidemiologia , Prevalência
J Clin Nurs ; 23(11-12): 1620-9, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24124974


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive value of two instruments (the Morse Fall Scale (MFS) and the Heindrich II Fall Risk Model (HFRM)] in a Middle Eastern country (Lebanon) and to evaluate the factors that are related to falls. DESIGN: A prospective observational cross-sectional design was used. BACKGROUND: Falls and fall-related injuries in the acute care settings contribute a substantial health and economic burden on patients and organisations. Preventing falls is a priority for most healthcare organisations. While the risk of falling cannot be eliminated, it can be significantly reduced through accurate assessment of patients' risk of falling. METHODS: Data from 1815 inpatients at the American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC) in Lebanon were evaluated using two instruments to predict falls: the MFS and the HFRM. RESULTS: The incidence of falls was 2·7% in one year. The results indicate that while the instruments were significantly correlated, the HFRM was more sensitive in predicting falls than the MFS. The internal consistency of both scales was moderate, but inter-rater reliability was high. Patients using antiepileptic drugs and assistance devises had higher odds of falling. CONCLUSIONS: Although both instruments were easy to use in a Middle Eastern country, the HFRM rather than the MFS is recommended for inpatients in an acute care setting as it had higher sensitivity and specificity. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: It is recommended that while the HFRM had adequate sensitivity, it is not seamless, and as such, nurses should not rely entirely on it. Rather, nurses should use their expert clinical judgement, their ethical obligations and cultural considerations to implement a safer environment of care for the patient.

Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Pacientes Internados , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cuidados Críticos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Líbano , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
Cancer Nurs ; 33(2): E33-9, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20142735


BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy affecting women worldwide. In Lebanon, a country of 4 million people, breast cancer is also the most prevalent type of cancer among Lebanese women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to gain a more in-depth understanding of the coping strategies espoused by Lebanese women with breast cancer. METHODS: The study followed purposeful sampling and saturation principles in which 10 female participants diagnosed as having breast cancer were interviewed. Data were analyzed following a hermeneutical process as described by Diekelmann and Ironside (Encyclopedia of Nursing Research. 1998:50-68). RESULTS: Seven main themes and 1 constitutive pattern emerged from the study describing the Lebanese women's coping strategies with breast cancer. The negative stigma of cancer in the Lebanese culture, the role of women in the Lebanese families, and the embedded role of religion in Lebanese society are bases of the differences in the coping strategies of Lebanese women with breast cancer as compared to women with breast cancer from other cultures. CONCLUSION: These findings cannot be directly generalized, but they could act as a basis for further research on which to base a development of a framework for an approach to care that promotes coping processes in Lebanese women living with breast cancer. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Nursing and medical staff need to have a better understanding of the individual coping strategies of each woman and its impact on the woman's well being; the creation of informal support group is indispensable in helping these women cope with their conditions.

Adaptação Psicológica , Atitude Frente a Saúde/etnologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etnologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Imagem Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Família/etnologia , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Líbano/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Metodológica em Enfermagem , Prevalência , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Religião e Psicologia , Autorrevelação , Apoio Social , Estereotipagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Mulheres/educação
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 14(1): 42-8, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19815459


AIM: The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study is to provide in-depth understanding of the experience of Lebanese women living with breast cancer. BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women worldwide. In Lebanon, a country of 4 million people, breast cancer is as well the most widespread type of cancer among Lebanese women. The meaning of cancer diagnosis, the meaning of childbearing and femininity all have cultural bases in Lebanon. The international literature lacks information on how Lebanese women live with breast cancer when compared with women of other cultures. METHOD: The study followed purposeful sampling and saturation principles in which 10 participants with a mean age of 51.3 years were chosen based on their actual knowledge of the phenomenon, and their readiness to share that knowledge. Data were collected between December 2007 and May 2008. All interviews were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed based on the Utrecht School of Phenomenology. FINDINGS: Four major core themes describing the participants' lived experience emerged from the interviews: Living with losses; living with guilt feeling; living with fears and uncertainty; Living with the need to know and to share that knowledge. CONCLUSION: The experience of Lebanese women with breast cancer revealed distinctive themes not reported by other women from other cultures. The results of this study challenge health care providers and educators to be aware of the difficulties that Lebanese women are facing when they are living with breast cancer.

Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/etnologia , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Estresse Psicológico/etnologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Características Culturais , Relações Familiares/etnologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Líbano , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade de Vida
Cancer Nurs ; 31(4): E36-42, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18600109


The purpose of this study was to explore, through in-depth semistructured interviews, the lived experience of Lebanese family caregivers of cancer patients and acquire a better knowledge of the meaning and interpretation of their experience. The study design was based on the Utrecht School of Phenomenology. This study followed purposeful sampling, in which 9 participants with a mean age of 51 years were selected. Data were analyzed using the hermeneutic phenomenological approach based on the Utrecht School of Phenomenology. Eight core themes describing the participants' lived experience emerged from the interviews: living with fears and uncertainty, loss of happiness, feeling of added responsibility, living in a state of emergency, sharing the pain, living the dilemma of truth telling, disturbed by being pitied, and reliance on God. The results of this study challenge nurses to be conscious of the nature and difficulties that family caregivers are encountering.

Cuidadores/psicologia , Neoplasias/enfermagem , Estresse Psicológico/etnologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Tomada de Decisões , Relações Familiares/etnologia , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Líbano/etnologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/etnologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Amostragem , Espiritualidade , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Incerteza