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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(37): 5687-5701, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prospective study of 200 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that underwent liver transplant (LT) after drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) for downstaging versus bridging. Overall survival and tumor recurrence rates were calculated, eligibility for LT, time on the waiting list and radiological response were compared. After TACE, only patients within Milan Criteria (MC) were transplanted. More patients underwent LT in bridging group. Five-year post-transplant overall survival, recurrence-free survival has no difference between the groups. Complete response was observed more frequently in bridging group. Patients in DS group can achieve post-transplant survival and HCC recurrence-free probability, at five years, just like patients within MC in patients undergoing DEB-TACE. AIM: To determine long-term outcomes of patients with HCC that underwent LT after DEB-TACE for downstaging vs bridging. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 200 patients included from April 2011 through June 2014. Bridging group included patients within MC. Downstaging group (out of MC) was divided in 5 subgroups (G1 to G5). Total tumor diameter was ≤ 8 cm for G1, 2, 3, 4 (n = 42) and was > 8 cm for G5 (n = 22). Downstaging (n = 64) and bridging (n = 136) populations were not significantly different. Overall survival and tumor recurrence rates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Additionally, eligibility for LT, time on the waiting list until LT and radiological response were compared. RESULTS: After TACE, only patients within MC were transplanted. More patients underwent LT in bridging group 65.9% (P = 0.001). Downstaging population presented: higher number of nodules 2.81 (P = 0.001); larger total tumor diameter 8.09 (P = 0.001); multifocal HCC 78% (P = 0.001); more post-transplantation recurrence 25% (P = 0.02). Patients with maximal tumor diameter up to 7.05 cm were more likely to receive LT (P = 0.005). Median time on the waiting list was significantly longer in downstaging group 10.6 mo (P = 0.028). Five-year post-transplant overall survival was 73.5% in downstaging and 72.3% bridging groups (P = 0.31), and recurrence-free survival was 62.1% in downstaging and 74.8% bridging groups (P = 0.93). Radiological response: complete response was observed more frequently in bridging group (P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Tumors initially exceeding the MC down-staged after DEB-TACE, can achieve post-transplant survival and HCC recurrence-free probability, at five years, just like patients within MC in patients undergoing DEB-TACE.

2.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to analyze the technical aspects and outcomes of the treatment of occlusion of the popliteal artery with the involvement of the trifurcation treated with a bypass (open) and endovascular (endo) approach. METHODS: Overall, 108 consecutive procedures were enrolled retrospectively. Patients were evaluated in 2 groups: the endo group (65 patients) and the open group (43 patients). Primary outcome were MALE (major adverse limb events), amputation-free survival, and early mortality (until 30 days). Secondary outcome was overall survival in 3 years. Inclusion criteria were Rutherford 4 and 5 and occlusion of the popliteal artery with the involvement of trifurcation and, at least, 1 infrapopliteal artery of runoff. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in 100% of patients in the open and 96.9% of patients in the endo group. Freedom from MALE was 73.5% and 68.5% for 1 and 3 years respectively for the endo group, and 84.3% and 77.2% respectively for the open group (P = 0.413). Considering the total number of major reinterventions executed until 3 years, the reinterventions was statistically more performed in the endo compared to the open group (P = 0.0459). Amputation-free survival for the endo group in 30 days, 1 year, and 3 years was 93.7%, 79.3%, and 66.0%, respectively, and the amputation-free survival for the open group was 88.4%, 77.4%, and 64.3% (P = 0.726). Early mortality was 9.3% for the open group and 1.5% for the endo group (P = 0.060). In 3 years, the overall survival was 75.1% in the open group and 84.3% in the endo group. CONCLUSIONS: In 3 years, follow-up endovascular treatment of occlusion of the popliteal artery with the involvement of the trifurcation has similar time freedom from MALE compared to open approach. Overall and amputation-free survival was not different between the groups besides more reinterventions in patients who underwent endovascular approach.

3.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(5): 1510-1518, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30611581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The outcomes of endovascular treatment of femoropopliteal atherosclerotic lesions have been improving recently. Although open repair is indicated for class D femoropopliteal lesions based on the TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC II) document, in some cases, it is reasonable to use the endovascular approach for these lesions. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the technical aspects and outcomes of treating TASC II D femoropopliteal disease with endovascular approaches. METHODS: In total, 91 procedures between January 2011 and December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. We collected data corresponding to the technical aspects and outcomes of treatment from an electronic database. Images and videos of all procedures were reviewed. Among the 91 procedures, 70 were for popliteal artery occlusions involving the trifurcation vessels, and 12 were for superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusions of >20 cm in length; 9 procedures for occlusions meeting both criteria were also performed. The χ2 test was employed for statistical analyses, and logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify risk factors. Patency, wound healing, and survival were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Statistical significance was considered at P < .05. RESULTS: Approximately 44.4% of all patients were male. The mean age was 67.3 ± 20.7 years. Hypertension, diabetes, current smoker, kidney impairment, coronary disease, and cardiac insufficiency were identified in 92.3%, 66.6%, 21.7%, 7.6%, 25.6%, and 62.8% of the patients, respectively. All included patients had critical limb ischemia (11.5%, 84.6%, and 3.8% of cases corresponding to Rutherford categories 4, 5, and 6, respectively). Technical failure was observed in three patients (3.3%). The mean number of stents used was 0.7 ± 0.65 per patient. Primary patency at 30 days, 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years was 91%, 60.1%, 55.7%, and 50.6%, respectively. Limb salvage at 30 days, 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, and 4 years was 95.2%, 82.2%, 76.9%, 71.8%, and 63.7%, respectively. Reinterventions were necessary in 11.1% of the patients. Comparison of curves revealed significant differences in the 60-day primary patency for the SFA and popliteal groups (standard error, <10%; log-rank, P = .039). Analysis of the risk and technical factors affecting primary patency, limb salvage, and overall survival indicated that female sex was associated with poor survival (odds ratio, 8.942; 95% confidence interval, 1.105-72.36) and that the use of stents was associated with high rates of limb loss in the popliteal group (log-rank, P = .033). CONCLUSIONS: For endovascular treatment of TASC II D femoropopliteal lesions, primary patency was better in patients with popliteal artery occlusions involving the trifurcation vessels than in those with SFA occlusions >20 cm in length. Female sex was associated with the risk of major amputations, and the use of stents in patients with popliteal occlusions was associated with major limb loss.

4.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30217703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of transarterial percutaneous procedures has risen over the years, consequently reducing puncture site related complications has become a necessity. To this end, the use of arterial closure devices has been growing progressively and their benefits have become a focus of research. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of a suture-mediated closure device, Perclose ProGlide® (Abbott Vascular, Redwood City, CA), in patients with liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent transarterial liver chemoembolization with drug-eluting beads. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 253 hepatocellular carcinoma patients who underwent 449 procedures of transarterial liver chemoembolization with drug-eluting beads using the Perclose Proglide device was prospectively studied. The main endpoints evaluated were the technical success of the device, defined as complete hemostasis achieved within 3 min after the closure, and the incidence of puncture-site complications. The secondary endpoints evaluated were the correlation between epidemiological factors, coagulation profile and degree of liver disease, and the occurrence of complications. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in 96% of the cases. Among patients who underwent repeated procedures using the same vascular access, this rate was 95.3%. Puncture-site complications were observed in 7 procedures (1.56%); 4 (0.89%) were due to hemorrhage, 2 (0.44%) hematomas and 2 (0.44%) pseudoaneurysms; 2 (0.44%) due to limb ischemia; and 1 (0.22%) due to arterial dissection. Among them, 3 cases required intervention. The statistical analysis of demographic characteristics, Child-Pugh classification, and coagulation status did not show a significant correlation with the occurrence of complications. Of the 449 procedures, only 4 (0.89%) needed hospitalization due to puncture-site complications. CONCLUSIONS: The use of Perclose Proglide is safe and effective in patients with liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent transarterial liver chemoembolization with drug-eluting beads.

6.
J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech ; 4(2): 175-177, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29942915

RESUMO

Rubber projectiles are used as an alternative to metal bullets owing to their lower morbidity and mortality rate. There are few reports of vascular lesions of extremities caused by rubber projectiles in the literature. The authors report the case of a 37-year-old man who was the victim of a penetrating injury to the left thigh with a rubber projectile. He reported only pain at the site of the injury; pulses were decreased in the affected limb. After arteriography confirmed an injury to the superficial femoral artery, he underwent an arterial and venous femorofemoral bypass using a reversed contralateral saphenous vein.

8.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 55(4): 518-527, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29402670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyse the effect of the treatment of more than one infrapopliteal artery with respect to wound healing and limb salvage. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients were enrolled prospectively for 80 procedures (80 limbs) that were randomly divided into two groups: 40 in the single vessel (SV) group and 40 in the multiple vessel group (MV). All patients had tissue loss. The choice of the first artery to treat was based on an analysis of two factors: the ease of the required endovascular technique and the presence of adequate distal outflow. The randomisation point was after the first successful distal artery angioplasty. The primary endpoints were the wound healing rate and limb salvage. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 69.1 ± 4.3 years, and 56% were male. Concomitant treatment of the femoral and popliteal arteries was performed in 38.8% of patients. All demographic characteristics and technical aspects were statistically comparable for both groups. Successful recanalisation was achieved in 95.8%, 86.2%, 86.9%, and 92.5% for the tibio-fibular trunk, anterior tibial, posterior tibial, and fibular artery, respectively. In the MV group, a higher contrast volume (29 mL more; p = .049), longer procedure time (p = .01), and higher radiation exposure (p = .04) were noted. There was no difference in renal function between the groups either before or 30 days after the procedure (p = .165). The limb salvage rates after 1 and 3 years, respectively, were 75.9% and 67% for the SV group and 91.1% and 91.1% for the MV group (log rank p = .052). The wound healing rates after 1 and 3 years, respectively, were 33.6% and 70.9% for the SV and 63.9% and 78.4% for MV group (log rank p = .006). Wound healing was faster in MV (2.11 cm2/month) than SV group (0.62 cm2/month; p = .004). CONCLUSION: Endovascular treatment of more than one artery was associated with better wound healing rates but not with better limb salvage.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Isquemia/terapia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Idoso , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Brasil , Estado Terminal , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Cicatrização
9.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4015, 2018.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267431

RESUMO

Transarterial selective internal radiation therapy with yttrium-90, also known as radioembolization, is a therapy based on the administration of resin or glass microspheres loaded with the radioisotope yttrium-90, via selective arterial catheterization of tumor-feeding vessels. It is classified as a type of locoregional therapy and its main goal is to treat patients with primary or secondary hepatic lesions that are unresectable and not responsive to other therapies. Since it is a new technology still restricted to very few hospitals in Brazil, but used in patients throughout the country, it is necessary to demonstrate the main aspects of hepatic lesions treated with selective internal radiation therapy found in magnetic resonance imaging, and to make specific considerations on interpretation of these images. The objective of this report is to demonstrate the main aspects of magnetic resonance imaging of unresectable primary or secondary hepatic lesions, in patients submitted to transarterial selective internal radiation therapy.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Radioisótopos de Ítrio/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Vasa ; 47(2): 125-130, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29082822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The endovascular management of arterial injuries has resulted in reduced operating time, blood loss, hospital mortality, lower incidence of sepsis, and decrease in mortality rates. For penetrating trauma, however, the benefits of endovascular therapy are questionable. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained by retrospective analysis of electronic medical records. All patients with vascular trauma seeking care at our institution from January 2010 to December 2015 were reviewed. A total of 223 vascular trauma patients were enrolled. Of these, 18 patients (8 %) were treated with endovascular techniques. The data related to clinical presentation, patient characteristics, technical aspects of the treatment, and follow-up were analysed. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 35.4 ± 17.8 years, 94 % were male. The mean injury severity score was 10.4 ± 2.5. The most commonly observed trauma mechanism was a gunshot in 10 cases (55 %), followed by lesions provoked by arterial catheter misplacement in five cases (27 %), and stab wounds in three cases (16.6 %). The main injury site was the subclavian artery, accounting for eight cases (44 %), followed by the superficial femoral artery and the tibiofibular trunk in two cases, respectively (18 %). The anterior tibial, fibular artery, axillary, common carotid, superior mesenteric, and profunda femoris were each affected once. Arteriovenous fistula was detected in nine cases (50 %), pseudoaneurysms in nine cases (50 %), and short occlusion in two cases (11 %). The mean follow-up duration was 753 days. The primary patency rate was 92.3 and 61.5 % after one and two years, respectively. The survival rate was 94.4 % after one and two years. Infection of the stents or limb amputations were not identified at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The endovascular treatment of penetrating arterial injuries with covered stents is feasible. However, the criteria used to choose the best method must be individualized.


Assuntos
Artérias/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Stents , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias/lesões , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/mortalidade , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos Penetrantes/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
11.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4014, 2018.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29069141

RESUMO

Preservation of the knee joint has enormous advantages in terms of mobility and rehabilitation of an amputee. Any cause of breakdown requiring revision to an above-knee amputation is a major setback because it reduces the patient's rehabilitative potential. We report a case of intra-arterial thrombolysis use to save a below-knee amputation stump with acute ischemia. A 56-year-old man who sought the emergency department with 1-day history of acute pain on his right below-knee stump. The angiography confirmed popliteal artery occlusion. Pharmacomechanical thrombectomy, with Aspirex (rotational catheter to restore blood flow in occluded vessel, by removing occlusion material from the vessel) and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, was performed. After 9 years of follow-up the patient remained asymptomatic, capable of independent ambulation with prosthetic limb. Intra-arterial fibrinolysis seems to be a safe and effective treatment for cases of acutely ischemic amputation stump.


Assuntos
Cotos de Amputação/irrigação sanguínea , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Cotos de Amputação/diagnóstico por imagem , Cotos de Amputação/patologia , Humanos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4014, 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-891451

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Preservation of the knee joint has enormous advantages in terms of mobility and rehabilitation of an amputee. Any cause of breakdown requiring revision to an above-knee amputation is a major setback because it reduces the patient's rehabilitative potential. We report a case of intra-arterial thrombolysis use to save a below-knee amputation stump with acute ischemia. A 56-year-old man who sought the emergency department with 1-day history of acute pain on his right below-knee stump. The angiography confirmed popliteal artery occlusion. Pharmacomechanical thrombectomy, with Aspirex (rotational catheter to restore blood flow in occluded vessel, by removing occlusion material from the vessel) and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, was performed. After 9 years of follow-up the patient remained asymptomatic, capable of independent ambulation with prosthetic limb. Intra-arterial fibrinolysis seems to be a safe and effective treatment for cases of acutely ischemic amputation stump.


RESUMO A preservação da articulação do joelho tem grandes vantagens para a mobilidade e a reabilitação de um amputado. Qualquer causa que exija revisão para uma amputação acima do joelho é um grande revés, porque reduz o potencial de reabilitação do paciente. O objetivo aqui foi descrever o uso de trombólise intra-arterial para salvar um coto de amputação abaixo do joelho com isquemia aguda. Homem, 56 anos, procurou pronto atendimento de nosso hospital com histórico de 1 dia de dor aguda em seu coto de amputação infrapatelar direito. A angiografia confirmou oclusão da artéria poplítea. Foi realizada trombectomia farmacomecânica com Aspirex (cateter rotativo para restabelecer o fluxo sanguíneo em vasos ocluídos, removendo material de oclusão do vaso) e ativador do plaminogênio tecidual recombinante. Após 9 anos de seguimento, o paciente permanecia assintomático, capaz de deambulação independente com membro protético. A fibrinólise intra-arterial parece ser um tratamento seguro e eficaz para casos selecionados de coto de amputação com isquêmica aguda.

13.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4015, 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-891460

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Transarterial selective internal radiation therapy with yttrium-90, also known as radioembolization, is a therapy based on the administration of resin or glass microspheres loaded with the radioisotope yttrium-90, via selective arterial catheterization of tumor-feeding vessels. It is classified as a type of locoregional therapy and its main goal is to treat patients with primary or secondary hepatic lesions that are unresectable and not responsive to other therapies. Since it is a new technology still restricted to very few hospitals in Brazil, but used in patients throughout the country, it is necessary to demonstrate the main aspects of hepatic lesions treated with selective internal radiation therapy found in magnetic resonance imaging, and to make specific considerations on interpretation of these images. The objective of this report is to demonstrate the main aspects of magnetic resonance imaging of unresectable primary or secondary hepatic lesions, in patients submitted to transarterial selective internal radiation therapy.


RESUMO A radioterapia interna seletiva transarterial com ítrio-90, também conhecida como radioembolização, é uma terapia baseada na administração de microesferas de resina ou vidro carregadas com o radioisótopo ítrio-90, via cateterismo arterial seletivo dos vasos nutridores do tumor. É classificada como um tipo de terapia locorregional e seu principal objetivo é tratar pacientes portadores de lesões hepáticas primárias ou secundárias irressecáveis e não responsivas a outras terapias. Por se tratar de uma nova tecnologia, portanto ainda restrita a pouquíssimos hospitais no Brasil (ainda que utilizada em todo país), é necessário demonstrar os principais aspectos de imagem das lesões hepáticas tratadas com radioterapia interna seletiva transarterial encontrados em exame de ressonância magnética, além de delinear considerações específicas de interpretação destas imagens. O objetivo deste relato é demonstrar os principais aspectos encontrados em ressonância magnética de lesões hepáticas irressecáveis, primárias ou secundárias, de pacientes submetidos à radioterapia interna seletiva transarterial.

14.
Clinics ; 72(12): 773-779, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-890696

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular intervention with angioplasty and stent placement in patients with transplant renal artery stenosis. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with transplant renal artery stenosis and graft dysfunction or resistant systemic hypertension who underwent endovascular treatment with stenting from February 2011 to April 2016 were included in this study. The primary endpoint was clinical success, and the secondary endpoints were technical success, complication rate and stent patency. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients with transplant renal artery stenosis underwent endovascular treatment, and three of them required reinterventions, resulting in a total of 27 procedures. The clinical success rate was 100%. All graft dysfunction patients showed decreased serum creatinine levels and improved estimated glomerular filtration rates and creatinine levels. Patients with high blood pressure also showed improved control of systemic blood pressure and decreased use of antihypertensive drugs. The technical success rate of the procedure was 97%. Primary patency and assisted primary patency rates at one year were 90.5% and 100%, respectively. The mean follow-up time of patients was 794.04 days after angioplasty. CONCLUSION: Angioplasty with stent placement for the treatment of transplant renal artery stenosis is a safe and effective technique with good results in both the short and long term.

15.
Case Reports Hepatol ; 2017: 1847428, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29158927

RESUMO

Background: Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC) is a rare tumor. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice when feasible, but there are no clear recommendations for patients with advanced disease. Liver-directed therapy with Y-90 selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) has been used to treat hepatic metastases from pancreatic tumors. We describe a case of PACC liver metastases treated with SIRT. Case Report: 59-year-old man was admitted with an infiltrative, solid lesion in pancreatic tail diagnosed as PACC. Lymph nodes in the hepatic hilum were enlarged, and many metastatic liver nodules were observed. After partial pancreatectomy, the left and right lobes of the liver were separately treated with Y-90 resin microspheres. Follow-up imaging revealed that all hepatic nodules shrank by at least 50%, and 3 nodules disappeared completely. Lipase concentration was 8407 U/L at baseline, rose to 12,705 U/L after pancreatectomy, and declined to 344 U/L after SIRT. Multiple rounds of chemotherapy in the subsequent year shrank the hepatic tumors further; disease then progressed, but a third line of chemotherapy shrank the tumors again, 16 months after SIRT treatment. Conclusion: SIRT had a positive effect on liver metastases from PACC. In conjunction with systemic therapy, SIRT can achieve sustained disease control.

18.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 40(7): 1044-1051, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28500458

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate incidence and predictive factors for the vascular lake phenomenon (VLP), as well as to compare local and overall tumor response in patients with and without VLP induced during DEB-TACE for HCC. METHODS: A total of 200 consecutive patients with 323 HCC nodules underwent first-session DEB-TACE from 2011 to 2014. Patients were divided in two groups, according to the presence of the VLP during DEB-TACE. Pre- and post-treatment imaging studies (CT or MRI) were performed. Primary endpoint was assessment of tumor response, evaluated by mRECIST. Comparison of response rates between the VLP group and the non-VLP group was performed. Secondary endpoints were the determination of incidence rate and predictive factors for the VLP. RESULTS: The VLP was observed in 39/323 (12.1%) of the nodules treated. At multivariate logistic regression analysis, tumor size ≥3 cm in diameter (OR 13.95; 95% CI 3.60-54.05), presence of a pseudocapsule (OR 6.67; 95% CI 1.45-30.59) and alpha-fetoprotein levels (OR 1.004; 95% CI 1.000-1.007) remained predictive for the VLP occurrence. On a nodule-based analysis (p < 0.001), target lesion response analysis (p = 0.003) and overall response analysis (p = 0.004) the VLP group presented a higher objective response rate than the non-VLP group. CONCLUSION: VLP is observed in 12% of the patients and happens more frequently in large and encapsulated tumors. It seems to be associated with better local and overall responses in HCC patients who underwent DEB-TACE.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Extravasamento de Materiais Terapêuticos e Diagnósticos/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Idoso , Angiografia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Doxorrubicina , Extravasamento de Materiais Terapêuticos e Diagnósticos/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , alfa-Fetoproteínas
19.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 58(3): 409-415, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25731858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the short and mid-term safety and efficacy of the EPIC™ nitinol vascular stent system for the treatment of lesions located in the superficial femoral artery (SFA). METHODS: From October 2010 to June 2012, 83 subjects were enrolled in a prospective, multicenter, non-randomized study designed to demonstrate that the EPIC nitinol vascular stent system for SFA lesions is non-inferior to the published patency rates found in literature. Inclusion criteria were stenosis or occlusion of the SFA or SFA and proximal popliteal artery, with total length from 4 to 11 cm and amenable for treatment with a single stent, in patients with a score from 2 to 5 on Rutherford classification. The primary endpoint was primary patency rate at 12 months as determined by Duplex ultrasound. The secondary endpoints evaluated were: initial arteriographic success, primary patency rate at 6 months, major adverse event rate at one year and technical success. Follow-up with a complete clinical and physical exam, including ABI and Duplex ultrasound was performed at 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: Most patients (56.6%) were men and the mean age was 68.59 (33.1-99.15) years. 25.3% of the total population had intermittent claudication and 73.5% presented with critical limb ischemia. Most lesions were total occlusions (75.9%) and the mean lesion length was 71.16 mm. Contralateral femoral access was performed in 26.5%cases, and ipsilateral femoral approach was used for the remaining 73.5% patients. Technical and arteriographic success was obtained in all 83 (100.00%) patients. Duplex controlled primary patency rate at 6 and 12 months was 95.8% and 76.1%, respectively. The freedom from target lesion revascularization rate was 98.7% and 92.6% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. No stent fractures were observed in this study. Major adverse event rate at 1 year (clinically driven TLR, major amputation, and all-cause mortality) was 15.7%: two target lesion revascularizations (2.4%), one major amputation (1.2%) and ten deaths not related to the procedure (12%). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, this study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of the EPIC™ Nitinol Vascular Stent System for the treatment of SFA lesions.


Assuntos
Ligas , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Artéria Femoral , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Brasil , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
20.
Int Braz J Urol ; 43(2): 373, 2017 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27649112

RESUMO

Nutcracker syndrome refers to the complex of clinical symptoms caused by the compression of the left renal vein (LRV) between the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery, leading to stenosis of the aortomesenteric portion of the LRV and dilatation of the distal portion. Hematuria, proteinuria, flank pain, varicocele and pelvic congestion may occur, occurring more frequently in young adults. Conservative management, might be the option whenever it is possible. When surgical treatment is required, classically open surgery have been performed, with major surgeries as LRV transposition or bypass techniques. The main caveats regards the fact that these are large and risky surgeries. Endovascular surgery with venous stent placement has gained some space as it is minimally invasive alternative. However, venous stents are associated with a high number of trombotic complications and in many cases requirement of life-long anticoagulants. External stenting of the LRV with this "shield technique" is a minimally invasive alternative, with good medium term results. We herein demonstrate our second experience with the technique of this surgery in a patient with 12 months of follow up and excellent results.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Síndrome do Quebra-Nozes/cirurgia , Veias Renais/cirurgia , Stents , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
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