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1.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several studies revealed relations between low or high insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels and risk of cardiovascular diseases or mortality whereas the mechanisms behind these associations are still unknown. DESIGN: The study aimed to explore relations between IGF-I and changes in surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease including carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). METHODS: Longitudinal data of the population-based cohort Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) were used. IMT was measured by ultrasonography and LVMI was determined based on echocardiography. IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels were measured by chemiluminescent immunoassays and the IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio was calculated. Mixed linear regression models adjusted for known cardiovascular confounders were performed. RESULTS: Statistical analyses demonstrated relations between low baseline IGF-I levels [beta for ΔIMT per standard deviation increase -0.044 (standard error 0.012)] or IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio [beta -0.045 (0.012)] and a long-term IMT increase. No associations between IGF-I, IGFBP-3 or IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio and changes in LVMI were detected. With respect to NT-proBNP sex-specific associations with IGF-I were found. In women, higher baseline IGF-I levels [beta for ΔNT-proBNP per standard deviation increase 5.92 (2.2)] or IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio [beta 4.48 (2.2)] were related to an increase in NT-proBNP levels. Among men, U-shaped relations of baseline levels of IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and the IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio with an increase in NT-proBNP were found. CONCLUSIONS: The study detected significant relations between IGF-I and long-term changes in IMT and NT-proBNP but not LVMI. These findings argue for different effects of the IGF-I axis with respect to various cardiovascular entities.

2.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 145, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mortality attributable to heart failure remains high. The prevalence of heart failure in patients with diabetes mellitus ranges from 19 to 26%. It is estimated that up to 21.1 million adults in the United States have diagnosed diabetes mellitus and around 80.8 million have impaired fasting glucose. We investigated the associations of fasting glucose (FG) and fasting insulin (FI), the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) and 2-h postload glucose (2HG) and insulin (2HI) with parameters of left ventricular geometry and function and arterial stiffness determined by magnetic resonance imaging in individuals without diagnosed type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses of 1001 individuals (453 women, 45.3%), aged 21 to 80 years, from two independent population-based studies, the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-TREND-0) and KORA FF4 Study. FG, FI, HOMA-IR, 2HG and 2HI, as well as glucose tolerance categories, were analyzed for associations with heart and arterial parameters using multivariable-adjusted linear regression models. RESULTS: In total, 390 individuals (39%) had prediabetes (isolated impaired fasting glucose, isolated glucose tolerance or both), and 49 (4.9%) were found to have unknown type 2 diabetes. In the multivariable-adjusted analysis, positive linear associations of FG, FI, HOMA-IR, 2HG and 2HI with arterial stiffness index and left ventricular wall-thickness and concentricity and inverse linear associations with left ventricular end-diastolic volume were observed. A 1 mmol/l higher FG was associated with a 1.18 ml/m2.7 (1.80 to 0.57; p < 0.001) lower left ventricular end-diastolic volume index, a 0.042 mm/m2.7 (0.014 to 0.070) higher left ventricular wall-thickness index, a 0.12 mmHg m2.7/ml (0.06 to 0.17; p < 0.001) greater arterial stiffness index and a 0.037 g/ml (0.018 to 0.056; p < 0.001) higher left ventricular concentricity. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that higher glucose levels in the prediabetic range and insulin resistance might lead to higher arterial stiffness and concentric remodeling of the heart.

3.
Thyroid ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571530

RESUMO

In numerous studies based predominantly on rodent models, administration of 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (3,5-T2), a metabolite of the thyroid hormones (TH) thyroxine (T4) and triiodo-L-thyronine (T3), was reported to cause beneficial health effects including reversal of steatohepatosis and prevention of insulin resistance, in most instances without adverse thyrotoxic side effects. However, the empirical evidence concerning the physiological relevance of endogenously produced 3,5-T2 in humans is comparatively poor. Therefore, to improve the understanding of 3,5-T2 related metabolic processes, we performed a comprehensive metabolomics study relating serum 3,5-T2 concentrations to plasma- and urine metabolite levels within a large general population sample. Serum 3,5-T2 concentrations were determined for 856 participants of the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania-TREND (SHIP-TREND). Plasma and urine metabolome data were generated using mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, allowing quantification of 613 and 578 metabolites in plasma and urine, respectively. To detect thyroid function-independent significant 3,5-T2 - metabolite associations, linear regression analyses controlling for major confounders including thyrotropin (TSH) and free T4 were performed. The same analyses were carried out using a sample of 16 male healthy volunteers treated for eight weeks with 250 µg/day levothyroxine to induce thyrotoxicosis. The specific molecular fingerprint of 3,5-T2 comprised 15 and 73 significantly associated metabolites in plasma and urine, respectively. Serum 3,5-T2 concentrations were neither associated with classical thyroid function parameters nor altered during experimental thyrotoxicosis. Strikingly, many metabolites related to coffee metabolism including caffeine and paraxanthine formed the clearest positively associated molecular signature. Importantly, these associations were replicated in the experimental human thyrotoxicosis model. The molecular fingerprint of 3,5-T2 demonstrates a clear and strong positive association of the serum levels of this TH metabolite with plasma levels of compounds indicating coffee consumption, therefore pointing to the liver as an organ the metabolism of which is strongly affected by coffee. Furthermore, 3,5-T2 serum concentrations were found not to be directly TH-dependent. Considering the beneficial health effects of 3,5-T2 administration observed in animal models and those of coffee consumption demonstrated in large epidemiological studies, one might speculate that coffee-stimulated hepatic 3,5-T2 production or accumulation represents an important molecular link in this connection.

4.
JCI Insight ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of an early repolarization pattern (ERP) on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) is associated with risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death. Family studies have shown that ERP is a highly heritable trait but molecular genetic determinants are unknown. METHODS: To identify genetic susceptibility loci for ERP, we performed a GWAS and meta-analysis in 2,181 cases and 23,641 controls of European ancestry. RESULTS: We identified a genome-wide significant (p<5E-8) locus in the KCND3 (potassium voltage gated channel subfamily D member 3) gene that was successfully replicated in additional 1,124 cases and 12,510 controls. A subsequent joint meta-analysis of the discovery and replication cohorts identified rs1545300 as the lead SNP at the KCND3 locus (OR 0.82 per minor T allele, p=7.7E-12), but did not reveal additional loci. Co-localization analyses indicate causal effects of KCND3 gene expression levels on ERP in both cardiac left ventricle and tibial artery. CONCLUSIONS: In this study we identified for the first time a genome-wide significant association of a genetic variant with ERP. Our findings of a locus in the KCND3 gene not only provide insights into the genetic determinants but also into the pathophysiological mechanism of ERP, discovering a promising candidate for functional studies. FUNDING: For detailed information per study, see Acknowledgments.

5.
Biomolecules ; 9(10)2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635145

RESUMO

The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was initially considered to be neuron-specific. Meanwhile, this neurotrophin is peripherally also secreted by skeletal muscle cells and increases due to exercise. Whether BDNF is related to cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is currently unclear. We analyzed the association of serum BDNF levels with CRF in the general population (Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-TREND) from Northeast Germany; n = 1607, 51% female; median age 48 years). Sex-stratified linear regression models adjusted for age, height, smoking, body fat, lean mass, physical activity, and depression analyzed the association between BDNF and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2peak), maximal oxygen consumption normalized for body weight (VO2peak/kg), and oxygen consumption at the anaerobic threshold (VO2@AT). In women, 1 mL/min higher VO2peak, VO2peak/kg, and VO2@AT were associated with a 2.43 pg/mL (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.16 to 3.69 pg/mL; p = 0.0002), 150.66 pg/mL (95% CI: 63.42 to 237.90 pg/mL; p = 0.0007), and 2.68 pg/mL (95% CI: 0.5 to 4.8 pg/mL; p = 0.01) higher BDNF serum concentration, respectively. No significant associations were found in men. Further research is needed to understand the sex-specific association between CRF and BDNF.

6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15421, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659205

RESUMO

The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neuronal growth factor essential for normal cardiac contraction and relaxation. Alterations in BDNF signaling are related to the development of cardiovascular disease. Whether BDNF is related to subclinical cardiac remodeling is unclear. We related BDNF with echocardiographic parameters and NTproBNP in a large population-based cohort (n = 2,976, median age 48 years; 45% male). Transthoracic echocardiography was performed on all subjects and BDNF was measured by ELISA. Study participants with severe kidney dysfunction, previous myocardial infarction, and LV ejection fraction <40% were excluded. Linear regression models were adjusted for age, sex, lean mass, fat mass, current smoking, systolic blood pressure and depression. Low BDNF was associated with high NTproBNP. A 10,000 pg/ml lower BDNF was related with a 2.5 g higher (95%-confidence interval [CI]: 0.2 to 4.9; p = 0.036) LV mass, 0.01 cm posterior wall thickness (0.003 to 0.022; p = 0.007) and 0.02 E/A ratio (0.003 to 0.042, p = 0.026). Here we show that low BDNF levels are related with adverse cardiac remodeling and higher levels of NTproBNP. Further research is warranted to assess if BDNF may be used to monitor neuronal-cardiac damage during CVD progression.

7.
J Proteomics ; 209: 103508, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476444

RESUMO

To identify potential biomarkers supporting better phenotyping and to improve understanding of the pathophysiology of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), this study comparatively analyzed plasma protein profiles of DCM patients and individuals with low normal and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by mass spectrometry. After plasma depletion using a MARS Hu-6 column, global proteome profiling was performed using a LTQ-Orbitrap Velos mass spectrometer. To compare and confirm results, two different discovery sets of samples were investigated. Differentially abundant proteins are involved in lipid metabolism, coagulation, and acute phase response. Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1), cystatin C, lysozyme C, apolipoprotein A-II, and apolipoprotein M were validated by targeted protein analysis in a third independent patient cohort. Additionally, PON1 levels were also determined by an ELISA. These data highlight PON1 as a potential marker for differentiating DCM patients not only from patients with normal LVEF, but also from heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction. The results highlight lipid metabolism and inflammation as the major pathways being altered in DCM patients in comparison to patients presenting with suspicious myocarditis to the hospital. SIGNIFICANCE: Several studies focused on the identification of heart failure (HF) associated protein signatures in blood plasma, but only few that are largely based on only small sample series considered specific HF pathologies. Therefore, we performed a comparative global blood plasma protein profiling of a larger sample of individuals with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) classified as dilated cardiomyopathy patients and individuals with normal LVEF but presenting with suspicious myocarditis. DCM patients displayed altered levels of proteins involved in lipid metabolism, coagulation, and acute phase response. The most reliable candidates, such as serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1), cystatin C, lysozyme C, apolipoprotein A-II, and apolipoprotein M were validated by targeted protein analysis in an independent patient cohort. PON1 levels were also determined by an ELISA. These data highlight PON1 as a potential marker for differentiating DCM patients not only from patients with normal LVEF, but also from heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction.

8.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 104(12): 6357-6370, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is one of the presymptomatic states of type 2 diabetes mellitus and requires an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) for diagnosis. Our aims were twofold: (i) characterize signatures of small molecules predicting the OGTT response and (ii) identify metabolic subgroups of participants with IGT. METHODS: Plasma samples from 827 participants of the Study of Health in Pomerania free of diabetes were measured using mass spectrometry and proton-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Linear regression analyses were used to screen for metabolites significantly associated with the OGTT response after 2 hours, adjusting for baseline glucose and insulin levels as well as important confounders. A signature predictive for IGT was established using regularized logistic regression. All cases with IGT (N = 159) were selected and subjected to unsupervised clustering using a k-means approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In total, 99 metabolites and 22 lipoprotein measures were significantly associated with either 2-hour glucose or 2-hour insulin levels. Those comprised variations in baseline concentrations of branched-chain amino ketoacids, acylcarnitines, lysophospholipids, or phosphatidylcholines, largely confirming previous studies. By the use of these metabolites, subjects with IGT segregated into two distinct groups. Our IGT prediction model combining both clinical and metabolomics traits achieved an area under the curve of 0.84, slightly improving the prediction based on established clinical measures. The present metabolomics approach revealed molecular signatures associated directly to the response of the OGTT and to IGT in line with previous studies. However, clustering of subjects with IGT revealed distinct metabolic signatures of otherwise similar individuals, pointing toward the possibility of metabolomics for patient stratification.

9.
BMJ Open ; 9(7): e029716, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350252

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prospective cohort studies on the association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and depressive symptoms have yielded conflicting findings, possibly because of differences in age, sex, thyroid-stimulating hormone cut-off levels or degree of baseline depressive symptoms. Analysis of individual participant data (IPD) may help clarify this association. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review and IPD meta-analysis of prospective studies on the association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and depressive symptoms. We will identify studies through a systematic search of the literature in the Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases from inception to April 2019 and from the Thyroid Studies Collaboration. We will ask corresponding authors of studies that meet our inclusion criteria to collaborate by providing IPD. Our primary outcome will be depressive symptoms at the first available individual follow-up, measured on a validated scale. We will convert all the scores to the Beck Depression Inventory scale. For each cohort, we will estimate the mean difference of depressive symptoms between participants with subclinical hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism and control adjusted for depressive symptoms at baseline. Furthermore, we will adjust our multivariable linear regression analyses for age, sex, education and income. We will pool the effect estimates of all studies in a random-effects meta-analysis. Heterogeneity will be assessed by I2. Our secondary outcomes will be depressive symptoms at a specific follow-up time, at the last available individual follow-up and incidence of depression at the first, last and at a specific follow-up time. For the binary outcome of incident depression, we will use a logistic regression model. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Formal ethical approval is not required as primary data will not be collected. Our findings will have considerable implications for patient care. We will seek to publish this systematic review and IPD meta-analysis in a high-impact clinical journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018091627.

10.
Endocr Connect ; 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chemerin and adiponectin are adipokines assumed to be involved in the development of metabolic syndrome-related phenotypes like hepatic steatosis. We aimed to evaluate the associations of circulating chemerin and adiponectin concentrations with liver enzymes, liver fat content, and hepatic steatosis in the general population. METHODS: Data of 3951 subjects from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-TREND) were used. Hepatic steatosis was assumed when either a hyperechogenic liver (assessed via ultrasound) or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-quantified liver fat content >5% was present. Adjusted sex-specific quantile and logistic regression models were applied to analyse the associations of chemerin and adiponectin with liver enzymes, liver fat content, and hepatic steatosis. RESULTS: The observed associations of chemerin and adiponectin with liver enzymes were very divergent depending on sex, fasting status, and the specific enzyme. More consistent results were seen in the analyses of these adipokines in relation to MRI-quantified liver fat content. Here, we observed inverse associations to adiponectin in both sexes as well as a positive (men) or U-shaped (women) association to chemerin. Similarly, the MRI-based definition of hepatic steatosis revealed strongly consistent results: in both sexes high chemerin concentrations were associated with higher odds of hepatic steatosis whereas high adiponectin concentrations were associated with lower odds. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest a role of these adipokines in the pathogenesis of hepatic steatosis independent of metabolic or inflammatory disorders. However, experimental studies are needed to further clarify the underlying mechanisms and the inter-play between adipokine concentrations and hepatic steatosis.

11.
Physiol Genomics ; 51(8): 356-367, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274368

RESUMO

To gain new insights into the complex pathophysiology of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) we performed a quantitative approach to identify genes with expression patterns that linearly correlate with parameters of cardiac morphology (left ventricular end-diastolic diameter indexed by body surface are (LVEDDI), systolic function [LV ejection fraction (LVEF)], and serum levels of cardiac peptide hormone NH2-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in human endomyocardial biopsies of 47 DCM patients and eight individuals with normal LVEF. A set of genes was identified as common heart failure markers characterized by correlation of their expression with cardiac morphology, systolic function, and NT-proBNP. Among them are already known genes encoding e.g., the natriuretic peptide hormones NPPA and NPPB and its converting enzyme corin, but also potential new heart failure markers like EP300 antisense RNA1 and dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 (DDAH1) along with other genes with so far unknown relation to heart function. In contrast, the expression of other genes including the Ca2+ flux regulating genes phospholamban (PLN), sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 2 (SERCA), and extracellular matrix proteins showed significant correlation with LVEF and LVEDDI only. Those genes seem to reflect more specifically pathological alterations of systolic function and morphology in DCM hearts.

12.
Neuropsychopharmacology ; 44(12): 2030-2037, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284290

RESUMO

Childhood traumatization (CT) is associated with the development of several neuropsychiatric disorders in later life. Experimental data in animals and observational data in humans revealed evidence for biological alterations in response to CT that may contribute to its long-term consequences. This includes epigenetic changes in miRNA levels that contribute to complex alterations of gene expression. We investigated the association between CT and 121 miRNAs in a target sample of N = 150 subjects from the general population and patients from the Department of Psychiatry. We hypothesized that CT exhibits a long-term effect on miRNA plasma levels. We supported our findings using bioinformatics tools and databases. Among the 121 miRNAs 22 were nominally significantly associated with CT and four of them (let-7g-5p, miR-103a-3p, miR-107, and miR-142-3p) also after correction for multiple testing; most of them were previously associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or depression. Pathway analyses of target genes identified significant pathways involved in neurodevelopment, inflammation and intracellular transduction signaling. In an independent general population sample (N = 587) three of the four miRNAs were replicated. Extended analyses in the general population sample only (N = 687) showed associations of the four miRNAs with gender, memory, and brain volumes. We gained increasing evidence for a link between CT, depression and AD through miRNA alterations. We hypothesize that depression and AD not only share environmental factors like CT but also biological factors like altered miRNA levels. This miRNA pattern could serve as mediating factor on the biological path from CT to adult neuropsychiatric disorders.

13.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(8): 5144-5153, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215770

RESUMO

Metabolomics studies now approach large sample sizes and the health characterization of the study population often include complete blood count (CBC) results. Upon careful interpretation the CBC aids diagnosis and provides insight into the health status of the patient within a clinical setting. Uncovering metabolic signatures associated with parameters of the CBC in apparently healthy individuals may facilitate interpretation of metabolomics studies in general and related to diseases. For this purpose 879 subjects from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP)-TREND were included. Using metabolomics data resulting from mass-spectrometry based measurements in plasma samples associations of specific CBC parameters with metabolites were determined by linear regression models. In total, 118 metabolites significantly associated with at least one of the CBC parameters. Strongest associations were observed with metabolites of heme degradation and energy production/consumption. Inverse association seen with mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular haemoglobin comprised metabolites potentially related to kidney function. The presently identified metabolic signatures are likely derived from the general function and formation/elimination of blood cells. The wealth of associated metabolites strongly argues to consider CBC in the interpretation of metabolomics studies, in particular if mutual effects on those parameters by the disease of interest are known.

14.
Endocr Connect ; 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234141

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids (GC) are used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, including various forms of arthritis. However, their use is limited, amongst others, by adverse effects on bone. The Wnt and bone formation inhibitor sclerostin was recently implicated in the pathogenesis of GC-induced osteoporosis. However, data are ambiguous. The aim of this study was to assess the regulation of sclerostin by GC using several mouse models with high GC levels and two independent cohorts of patients treated with GC. Male 24-week-old C57BL/6 and 18-week-old DBA/1 mice exposed to GC and 12-week-old mice with endogenous hypercortisolism displayed reduced bone formation as indicated by reduced levels of P1NP and increased serum sclerostin levels. The expression of sclerostin in femoral bone tissue and GC-treated bone marrow stromal cells, however, was not consistently altered. In contrast, GC dose- and time-dependently suppressed sclerostin at mRNA and protein level in human mesenchymal stromal cells, and this effect was GC receptor-dependent. In line with the human cell culture data, patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA, n=101) and polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR, n=21) who were exposed to GC had lower serum levels of sclerostin than healthy age- and sex-matched controls (-40%, p<0.01 and -26.5%, p<0.001, respectively). In summary, sclerostin appears to be differentially regulated by GC in mice and humans as it is suppressed by GCs in humans but is not consistently altered in mice. Further studies are required to delineate the differences between GC regulation of sclerostin in mice and humans and assess whether sclerostin mediates GC-induced osteoporosis in humans.

15.
Int J Cardiol ; 292: 156-159, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiodepressant antibodies contribute to cardiac dysfunction in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Changes in immunoglobulin G (IgG) glycosylation modulate the activity of various autoimmune diseases and influence disease activity as well as severity of various autoimmune diseases. We hypothesized that alterations in IgG glycosylation are involved in the disease course of DCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: IgG glycosylation was analyzed in plasma samples of 50 DCM patients using a lectin-based ELISA. Negative inotropic (cardiodepressant) activity (NIA) of antibodies was assessed by measuring the effect of purified DCM-IgG on the shortening of isolated rat cardiomyocytes by means of a video-edge detection system. IgG obtained from plasma of healthy blood donors served as control. DCM-IgG contained significantly less sialic acid (-25%) and galactose (-16%; both P < 0.001), but showed no significant differences in core-fucosylation compared to controls. Interestingly, IgG with NIA displayed a lower percentage of sialylation (-16%, P < 0.001) core-fucosylation (-15%, P = 0.015) and galactosylation (-10%, P = 0.129) than IgG without NIA. The extent of NIA was directly associated with IgG sialylation (r = 0.68; P < 0.001) and galactosylation (r = 0.37; P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Reduced sialylation and galactosylation of IgGs enhances their cardiodepressant activity in DCM indicating that changes in IgG glycosylation may be involved in the pathogenesis of DCM.

16.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(9): 1314-1319, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and its main binding protein insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) have been related to several cardiovascular diseases. The relation with atrial fibrillation (AF) is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the association of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels with prevalent and incident AF in a large population-based study. METHODS: Data from the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) were collected. At presentation, a medical examination, standardized electrocardiographic assessment, and measurements of serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels were performed. Incident AF was assessed in individuals without AF at baseline (SHIP-1) who developed AF during follow-up (SHIP-2; after a mean of 5.2 years). RESULTS: Of 3160 participants, 66 (2.1%) exhibited AF at baseline. IGF-1 levels and IGF-1/IGFBP-3 ratios were significantly lower in individuals with AF than in those without AF (IGF-1: 104.2 ± 41.6 ng/mL vs 142.9 ± 53.5 ng/mL, P < .001 and IGF-1/IGFBP-3: 0.031 ± (0.009 ng/mL vs 0.036 ± 0.010 ng/mL, P = .006, respectively). Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models showed that a low IGF-1/IGFBP-3 ratio was associated with prevalent AF (odds ratios 0.67; 95% confidence interval 0.48-0.94; P = .021). Of 1817 individuals without AF at baseline, 27 (1.5%) developed AF during follow-up. In these participants, IGF-1 levels, but not IGF-1/IGFBP-3 ratios, were significantly lower (IGF-1: 113.3 ± 38.6 ng/mL vs 147.2 ± 51.6 ng/mL, P = .013 and IGF-1/IGFBP-3: 0.033 ± 0.008 ng/mL vs 0.036 ± 0.010 ng/mL, P = .176). CONCLUSION: Low IGF-1/IGFBP-3 ratios are associated with a higher prevalence of AF. There seems to be a similar impact in incident AF.

17.
Neuropsychopharmacology ; 44(5): 930-938, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700816

RESUMO

DNA methylation of the FKBP5 gene is assumed to alter FKBP5 expression and hence the synthesis of the FK506 binding protein 51, a central element of a genomic negative feedback loop for glucocorticoid receptor signaling. The present study aimed to replicate and extend previously reported influences of FKBP5 genotypes, childhood maltreatment and depression on methylation levels of five CpG sites in intron 7 of the FKBP5 gene in a large population-based sample. Besides the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1360780, associations of the FKBP5 methylation with 22 other, unlinked FKBP5 SNPs as well as associations between FKBP5 methylation levels and transcription levels were investigated. Using whole-blood methylation of 3965 subjects of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) reduced methylation levels in TT allele carriers of rs1360780 (OR = 0.975, p = .005) and currently depressed subjects (OR = 0.995, p = 0.005) were found. Further, an impact of two yet undescribed SNPs (rs6910300, rs7771727) on methylation levels was observed. However, main and interactive effects for childhood maltreatment and lifetime major depressive disorder observed in previous studies could not be replicated. Finally, FKBP5 methylation levels were not related to FKBP5 transcription levels in whole blood. Thus, the present study verified the associations of FKBP5 genotypes and state depression on the FKBP5 methylation levels of five CpG sites in intron 7. However, FKBP5 methylation of these five CpG sites could not be validated as a valuable clinical biomarker for biological long-term effects of childhood maltreatment or lifetime depression.

18.
J Affect Disord ; 245: 905-911, 2019 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30699875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Findings on associations of androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) with anxiety and depressive disorders in the general population remain inconclusive. METHODS: We used data of n = 993 men and n = 980 women from the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP, a prospective-longitudinal general population study from northeastern Germany). Immunoassay-measured serum concentrations of total testosterone, androstenedione and SHBG were assessed when participants were aged 20-80. 12-month, lifetime and incident DSM-IV anxiety and depressive disorders were assessed with the DIA-X/M-CIDI at 10-year follow-up, when participants were aged 29-89. Logistic regressions were adjusted for age, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, waist circumference, hypertension and oral contraceptive use (women only) at baseline and follow-up interval. RESULTS: In men and women, androgens and SHBG were not associated significantly with incident anxiety and depressive disorders. In men, higher total testosterone predicted any 12-month (OR = 1.46) and lifetime (OR = 1.34) anxiety disorder, lifetime social phobia (OR = 2.15), and 12-month (OR = 1.48) and lifetime (OR = 1.39) specific phobia, but neither 12-month nor lifetime depression. Moreover, androstenedione in men interacted with age in predicting lifetime anxiety disorders (OR = 0.98): Higher androstenedione more strongly predicted lifetime anxiety in younger vs. older men. These findings, however, did not survive correction for multiple testing. In women, androgens and SHBG were not associated significantly with 12-month and lifetime anxiety and depressive disorders. LIMITATIONS: The follow-up period was relatively long and other factors might have affected the examined associations. CONCLUSIONS: Higher serum total testosterone in men and androstenedione in younger men may relate to an increased risk of anxiety disorders.


Assuntos
Androgênios/sangue , Transtornos de Ansiedade/sangue , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/sangue , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/sangue , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Androstenodiona/sangue , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fobia Social/sangue , Fobia Social/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Caracteres Sexuais , Testosterona/sangue , Adulto Jovem
19.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 73(4): 513-524, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704881

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have yielded inconclusive findings regarding the relationship between periodontitis and kidney function. We sought to investigate whether periodontitis is associated with subsequent decreases in kidney function (reductions in estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] and increased urinary albumin-creatinine ratio [UACR]) in the general population. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We used baseline and 11-year follow-up data from 2,297 and 1,512 adult participants, respectively, in the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP). Age range was limited to 20 to 59 years to avoid the potential influence of tooth loss. EXPOSURES: Periodontal status defined by periodontal pocket probing depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level. Mean levels and the percentage of sites ≥ 3mm was determined for either all sites (PPD) or interproximal sites (clinical attachment level). All PPDs≥4mm were summed to calculate the total PPD. OUTCOMES: GFR estimated from serum creatinine and serum cystatin C (eGFRcr-cys). Moderately increased albuminuria defined as UACR>30mg/g. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: Adjusted linear and logistic mixed regression models. RESULTS: At baseline and follow-up, average eGFRcr-cys was 118.3 and 105.0mL/min/1.73m2, respectively. Using mixed models, no consistently significant associations between periodontitis variables and eGFRcr-cys were detected. Long-term changes in UACR were inconsistently associated with periodontitis measures. After imputation of missing data, associations were either attenuated or no longer detectable. LIMITATIONS: Because periodontal assessments were performed using a partial recording protocol, periodontal disease severity estimates might have been underestimated, resulting in attenuated effect estimates. CONCLUSIONS: We found no consistent evidence for an association between periodontitis and decreased kidney function. In contrast to previous studies, these results do not support the hypothesis that periodontitis is an important risk factor for chronic kidney disease.

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