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3.
J Med Virol ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605457

RESUMO

It is uncertain whether gastrointestinal (GI) infection caused by viral and bacterial pathogens may predispose to gastrointestinal acute Graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD-GI) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients (allo-HSCT). We investigated the potential association between detection of enteropathogenic viruses or bacteria in stools and subsequent occurrence of aGvHD-GI in a cohort of 121 allo-HSCT patients. Eighty-six out of 121 patients (71%) had acute diarrhea and underwent screening for primary GI pathogens by molecular diagnostic methods. One or more GI pathogens were detected in 27 out of the 86 patients with diarrhea (31.3%). Specifically, Clostridioides difficile was found in 16 patients (18.6%), enteropathogenic viruses in 11 patients (12.7%) (Astrovirus, n=4; Norovirus, n=2; Sapovirus, n=2; Adenovirus, n=2, and Rotavirus, n=1), and Campylobacter spp. in 2 patients (2.3%). Thirty patients were diagnosed with all grade aGvHD-GI by histopathology. Detection of primary GI pathogens was achieved in 12 of the 30 patients (Clostridium difficile, n=5; enteric viruses, n=8; Campylobacter spp., n=1) who either subsequently developed (n=9) or previously had (n=3) grade I-IV IaGvHD (n=9). Neither the detection of these microorganisms (all combined), enteric viruses nor Clostridioides difficile was significantly associated with subsequent aGvHD-GI development in Cox models (HR, 1.11, P=0.80; HR, 1.64, P=0.62; HR, 0.75, P=0.64, respectively). Analogous results were obtained when grade II-IV aGvHD-GI was selected as the clinical outcome. In summary, data in the current study did not support an association between GI infection and subsequent occurrence of aGvHD-GI in an unselected cohort of allo-HSCT recipients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Environ Microbiol ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538380

RESUMO

Because they comprise some of the most efficient wood-decayers, Polyporales fungi impact carbon cycling in forest environment. Despite continuous discoveries on the enzymatic machinery involved in wood decomposition, the vision on their evolutionary adaptation to wood decay and genome diversity remains incomplete. We combined the genome sequence information from 50 Polyporales species, including 26 newly sequenced genomes and sought for genomic and functional adaptations to wood decay through the analysis of genome composition and transcriptome responses to different carbon sources. The genomes of Polyporales from different phylogenetic clades showed poor conservation in macrosynteny, indicative of genome rearrangements. We observed different gene family expansion/contraction histories for plant cell wall degrading enzymes in core polyporoids and phlebioids and captured expansions for genes involved in signalling and regulation in the lineages of white rotters. Furthermore, we identified conserved cupredoxins, thaumatin-like proteins and lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases with a yet uncharacterized appended module as new candidate players in wood decomposition. Given the current need for enzymatic toolkits dedicated to the transformation of renewable carbon sources, the observed genomic diversity among Polyporales strengthens the relevance of mining Polyporales biodiversity to understand the molecular mechanisms of wood decay.

5.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 40(3): 485-494, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404891

RESUMO

Whether antibody levels measured by commercially available enzyme or chemiluminescent immunoassays targeting the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein can act as a proxy for serum neutralizing activity remains to be established for many of these assays. We evaluated the degree of correlation between neutralizing antibodies (NtAb) binding the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein and SARS-CoV-2-S-IgG levels measured by four commercial immunoassays in sera drawn from hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Ninety sera from 51 hospitalized COVID-19 patients were tested by a pseudotyped virus neutralization assay, the LIAISON SARS-CoV-2 S1/S2 IgG, the Euroimmun SARS-CoV-2 IgG ELISA, the MAGLUMI 2019-nCoV IgG, and the COVID-19 ELISA IgG assays. Overall, the results obtained with the COVID-19 ELISA IgG test showed the highest agreement with the NtAb assay (κ, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.63-1). The most sensitive tests were the pseudotyped virus NtAb assay and the COVID-19 ELISA IgG assay (92.2% for both). Overall, the degree correlation between antibody titers resulting in 50% virus neutralization (NtAb50) in the pseudotyped virus assay and SARS-CoV-2 IgG levels was strong for the Euroimmun SARS-CoV-2 IgG ELISA (rho = 0.73) and moderate for the remaining assays (rho = 0.48 to 0.59). The kinetic profile of serum NtAb50 titers could not be reliably predicted by any of the SARS-CoV-2 IgG immunoassays. The suitability of SARS-CoV-2-S-IgG commercial immunoassays for inferring neutralizing activity of sera from hospitalized COVID-19 patients varies widely across tests and is influenced by the time of sera collection after the onset of symptoms.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , /diagnóstico , Imunoensaio/métodos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Cinética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Neutralização , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is limited information on the performance of rapid antigen detection (RAD) tests to identify SARS-CoV-2-infected asymptomatic individuals. In this field study, we evaluated the Panbio™ COVID-19 Ag Rapid Test Device (Abbott Diagnostics, Jena, Germany) for this purpose. METHODS: A total of 634 individuals (355 female; median age, 37 years; range, 9-87) were enrolled. Two nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from household (n = 338) and non-household contacts (n = 296) of COVID-19 cases. RAD testing was carried out at the point of care. The RT-PCR test used was the TaqPath COVID-19 Combo Kit (Thermo Fisher Scientific, MA, USA). RESULTS: Household contacts were tested at a median of 2 days (range, 1-7) after diagnosis of the index case, whereas non-household contacts (n = 296) were tested at a median of 6 days (range, 1-7) after exposure. In total, 79 individuals (12.4%) tested positive by RT-PCR, of whom 38 (48.1%) yielded positive RAD results. The overall sensitivity and specificity of the RAD test was 48.1% (95% CI 37.4-58.9) and 100% (95% CI 99.3-100), respectively. Sensitivity was higher in household (50.8%; 95% CI 38.9-62.5) than in non-household (35.7%; 95% CI 16.3-61.2%) contacts. Individuals testing positive by RAD test were more likely (p < 0.001) to become symptomatic than their negative counterparts. DISCUSSION: The Panbio test displays low sensitivity in asymptomatic close contacts of COVID-19 patients, particularly in non-household contacts. Nonetheless, establishing the optimal timing for upper respiratory tract collection in this group seems imperative to pinpoint test sensitivity.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319853

RESUMO

There is limited information on the impact of CMV DNAemia episodes developing prior to engraftment (pre-CMV DNAemia) on clinical outcomes following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). This issue was addressed in the current retrospective multicenter study including 878 patients. All participant centers used preemptive antiviral therapy strategies for prevention of CMV disease. CMV DNA load in blood was monitored by real-time PCR assays. A total of 144 patients (cumulative incidence 16.5%, 95% CI, 14%-19%) had an episode of pre-CMV DNAemia at a median of 10 days after allo-HSCT. Patients who developed pre-CMV DNAemia had a significantly higher (P = < 0.001) probability of recurrent episodes (50%) than those who experienced post-CMV DNAemia (32.9%); Nevertheless, the incidence of CMV disease was comparable (P = 0.52). Cumulative incidences of overall mortality (OM) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 1-year after allo-HSCT were 32% (95% CI, 29-35%) and 23% (95% CI 20-26%), respectively. The risk of OM and NRM in adjusted models appeared comparable in patients developing a single episode of CMV DNAemia, regardless of whether it occurred before or after engraftment, in patients with pre- and post-engraftment CMV DNAemia episodes or in those without CMV DNAemia.

8.
J Clin Epidemiol ; 131: 11-21, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Australian National COVID-19 Clinical Evidence Taskforce is a consortium of 31 Australian health professional organisations developing living, evidence-based guidelines for care of people with COVID-19, which are updated weekly. This article describes the methods used to develop and maintain the guidelines. METHODS: The guidelines use the GRADE methods and are designed to meet Australian NHMRC standards. Each week, new evidence is reviewed, current recommendations are revised, and new recommendations made. These are published in MAGIC and disseminated through traditional and social media. Relevant new questions to be addressed are continually sought from stakeholders and practitioners. For prioritized questions, the evidence is actively monitored and updated. Evidence surveillance combines horizon scans and targeted searches. An evidence team appraises and synthesizes evidence and prepares evidence-to-decision frameworks to inform development of recommendations. A guidelines leadership group oversees the development of recommendations by multidisciplinary guidelines panels and is advised by a consumer panel. RESULTS: The Taskforce formed in March 2020, and the first recommendations were published 2 weeks later. The guidelines have been revised and republished on a weekly basis for 24 weeks, and as of October 2020, contain over 90 treatment recommendations, suggesting that living methods are feasible in this context. CONCLUSIONS: The Australian guidelines for care of people with COVID-19 provide an example of the feasibility of living guidelines and an opportunity to test and improve living evidence methods.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To our knowledge no previous study has assessed the performance of a rapid antigen diagnostic immunoassay (RAD) conducted at the point of care (POC). We evaluated the Panbio™ COVID-19 Ag Rapid Test Device for diagnosis of coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) in symptomatic patients (n = 412) attending primary healthcare centres. METHODS: RAD was performed immediately after sampling following the manufacturer's instructions (reading at 15 min). RT-PCRs were carried out within 24 h of specimen collection. Samples displaying discordant results were processed for culture in Vero E6 cells. Presence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in cell cultures was confirmed by RT-PCR. RESULTS: Out of 412 patients, 43 (10.4%) tested positive by RT-PCR and RAD, and 358 (86.9%) tested negative by both methods; discordant results (RT-PCR+/RAD-) were obtained in 11 patients (2.7%). Overall specificity and sensitivity of rapid antigen detection (RAD) was 100% (95%CI 98.7-100%) and 79.6% (95%CI 67.0-88.8%), respectively, taking RT-PCR as the reference. Overall RAD negative predictive value for an estimated prevalence of 5% and 10% was 99% (95%CI 97.4-99.6%) and 97.9% (95%CI 95.9-98.9), respectively. SARS-CoV-2 could not be cultured from specimens yielding RT-PCR+/RAD- results (n = 11). CONCLUSION: The Panbio™ COVID-19 Ag Rapid Test Device performed well as a POC test for early diagnosis of COVID-19 in primary healthcare centres. More crucially, the data suggested that patients with RT-PCR-proven COVID-19 testing negative by RAD are unlikely to be infectious.

10.
Transpl Infect Dis ; : e13507, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176050

RESUMO

Torque Teno virus (TTV) DNA load in blood may act as a marker of immune competence after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients (allo-HSCT). Conflicting data have been reported as to the value of this biomarker for anticipating acute Graft versus host disease (aGvHD) occurrence. Here, we hypothesized that quantitation of TTV DNA load in stool specimens early after allo-HSCT could be used to identify patients at high risk of acute intestinal graft versus host disease (aIGvHD). In this prospective two-center study, we recruited a total of 83 nonconsecutive adult patients undergoing allo-HSCT. The study period comprised the first 120 days after allo-HSCT. TTV DNA was quantitated in paired stool samples collected at a median of 2 days prior to cell infusion and at a median of 14 days after allo-HSCT by real-time PCR. Thirty-seven patients developed aGVHD, of whom 25 had aIGVHD (diagnosed at a median of 42 days after allo-HSCT). Median TTV DNA load values in posttransplant stools specimens were comparable (P = .34) in patients with or without subsequent aIGvHD; nevertheless, a falling trajectory (decrease in TTV DNA load >0.5 log10 copies/0.1 g) in paired pretransplant and posttransplant specimens was independently associated with the occurrence of aIGvHD (OR, 5.2; 95% CI, 1.3-21.3; P = .02). Notably, displaying a rising trajectory had a negative predictive value of 87.5% for aIGvHD. In summary, in this hypothesis-generating study, we suggest that the decrease in TTV DNA load from baseline in stool specimens may identify patients at risk of aIGVHD.

12.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174620

RESUMO

Monitoring of alphatorquevirus (torque teno virus [TTV]) DNA in plasma may prove to be useful to assess the net state of immune competence following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). There are scarce data published on the prevalence of beta (torque teno mini virus [TTMV]) and gammatorqueviruses (torque teno midi virus [TTMDV]) and, in particular, on the dynamics of anelloviruses in allo-HSCT patients. Twenty-five allo-HSCT recipients with available plasma specimens obtained before conditioning and after engraftment were included. Degenerated primers targeting a highly conserved genomic sequence across all anelloviruses were designed for genomic amplification and high-throughput sequencing. Co-detection of TTV, TTMV, and TTMDV both in pre-transplant and post-engraftment plasma specimens was documented in more than two-thirds of patients. The use of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays targeting TTMV and TTMDV in addition to TTV may add value to TTV-specific PCR assays in the inference of the net state of immunosuppresion or immune competence in this clinical setting.

13.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236799

RESUMO

Assessment of commercial SARS-CoV-2 immunoassays for their capacity to provide reliable information on sera neutralizing activity is an emerging need. We evaluated the performance of two commercially-available lateral flow immunochromatographic assays (LFIC) (Wondfo SARS-CoV-2 Antibody test and the INNOVITA 2019-nCoV Ab test) in comparison with a SARS-CoV-2 neutralization pseudotyped assay for COVID-19 diagnosis in hospitalized patients, and investigate whether the intensity of the test band in LFIC associates with neutralizing antibody (NtAb) titers. Ninety sera were included from 51 patients with moderate to severe COVID-19. A green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter-based pseudotyped neutralization assay (vesicular stomatitis virus coated with SARS-CoV-2 spike protein) was used. Test line intensity was scored using a 4-level scale (0 to 3+). Overall sensitivity of LFIC assays was 91.1% for the Wondfo SARS-CoV-2 Antibody test, 72.2% for the INNOVITA 2019-nCoV IgG, 85.6% for the INNOVITA 2019-nCoV IgM and 92.2% for the NtAb assay. Sensitivity increased for all assays in sera collected beyond day 14 after symptoms onset (93.9%, 79.6%,93.9% and 93.9%, respectively). Reactivities equal to or more intense than the positive control line (≥2+) in the Wondfo assay had a negative predictive value of 100% and a positive predictive value of 96.4% for high NtAb50 titers (≥1/160). Our findings support the use of LFIC assays evaluated herein, particularly the Wondfo test, for COVID-19 diagnosis. We also find evidence that these rapid immunoassays can be used to predict high SARS-CoV-2-S NtAb50 titers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119139

RESUMO

To date, 18 living recommendations for the clinical care of pregnant and postpartum women with COVID-19 have been issued by the National COVID-19 Clinical Evidence Taskforce. This includes recommendations on mode of birth, delayed umbilical cord clamping, skin-to-skin contact, breastfeeding, rooming-in, antenatal corticosteroids, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, disease-modifying treatments (including dexamethasone, remdesivir and hydroxychloroquine), venous thromboembolism prophylaxis and advanced respiratory support interventions (prone positioning and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation). Through continuous evidence surveillance, these living recommendations are updated in near real-time to ensure clinicians in Australia have reliable, evidence-based guidelines for clinical decision-making. Please visit https://covid19evidence.net.au/ for the latest recommendation updates.

15.
Cir. Esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 98(8): 433-441, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194164

RESUMO

New coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 infection (coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19]) has determined the necessity of reorganization in many centers all over the world. Spain, as an epicenter of the disease, has been forced to assume health policy changes in all the territory. However, and from the beginning of the pandemic, every center attending surgical urgencies had to guarantee the continuous coverage adopting correct measures to maintain the excellence of quality of care. This document resumes general guidelines for emergency surgery and trauma care, obtained from the available bibliography and evaluated by a subgroup of professionals designated from the general group of investigators Cirugía-AEC-COVID-19 from the Spanish Association of Surgeons, directed to minimize professional exposure, to contemplate pandemic implications over different urgent perioperative scenarios and to adjust decision making to the occupational pressure caused by COVID-19 patients


La infección por el nuevo coronavirus SARS-COV-2 (enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 [COVID-19]) ha determinado la necesidad de la reorganización de muchos centros hospitalarios en el mundo. España, como uno de los epicentros de la enfermedad, ha debido asumir cambios en la práctica totalidad de su territorio. Sin embargo, y desde el inicio de la pandemia, en todos los centros que atienden urgencias quirúrgicas ha sido necesario el mantenimiento de su cobertura, aunque igualmente ha sido inevitable introducir directrices especiales de ajuste al nuevo escenario que permitan el mantenimiento de la excelencia en la calidad asistencial. Este documento desarrolla una serie de indicaciones generales para la cirugía de urgencias y la atención al politraumatizado desarrolladas desde la literatura disponible y consensuadas por un subgrupo de profesionales desde el grupo general Cirugía-AEC-COVID-19. Estas medidas van encaminadas a contemplar un riguroso control de la exposición en pacientes y profesionales, a tener en cuenta las implicaciones de la pandemia sobre diferentes escenarios perioperatorios relacionados con la urgencia y a una adaptación ajustada a la situación del centro en relación con la atención a pacientes infectados


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Cirurgia Torácica/normas , Sociedades Médicas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/normas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Espanha/epidemiologia
16.
Cir. Esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 98(8): 433-441, oct. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-188970

RESUMO

La infección por el nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 [COVID-19]) ha determinado la necesidad de la reorganización de muchos centros hospitalarios en el mundo. España, como uno de los epicentros de la enfermedad, ha debido asumir cambios en la práctica totalidad de su territorio. Sin embargo, y desde el inicio de la pandemia, en todos los centros que atienden urgencias quirúrgicas ha sido necesario el mantenimiento de su cobertura, aunque igualmente ha sido inevitable introducir directrices especiales de ajuste al nuevo escenario que permitan el mantenimiento de la excelencia en la calidad asistencial. Este documento desarrolla una serie de indicaciones generales para la cirugía de urgencias y la atención al politraumatizado desarrolladas desde la literatura disponible y consensuadas por un subgrupo de profesionales desde el grupo general Cirugía-AEC-COVID-19. Estas medidas van encaminadas a contemplar un riguroso control de la exposición en pacientes y profesionales, a tener en cuenta las implicaciones de la pandemia sobre diferentes escenarios perioperatorios relacionados con la urgencia y a una adaptación ajustada a la situación del centro en relación con la atención a pacientes infectados


New coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 infection (coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19]) has determined the necessity of reorganization in many centers all over the world. Spain, as an epicenter of the disease, has been forced to assume health policy changes in all the territory. However, and from the beginning of the pandemic, every center attending surgical urgencies had to guarantee the continuous coverage adopting correct measures to maintain the excellence of quality of care. This document resumes general guidelines for emergency surgery and trauma care, obtained from the available bibliography and evaluated by a subgroup of professionals designated from the general group of investigators Cirugía-AEC-COVID-19 from the Spanish Association of Surgeons, directed to minimize professional exposure, to contemplate pandemic implications over different urgent perioperative scenarios and to adjust decision making to the occupational pressure caused by COVID-19 patients


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Equipamentos de Proteção/normas , Gestão da Segurança , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/normas , Traumatismo Múltiplo/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
17.
Rev Alerg Mex ; 67(2): 174-182, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease shock syndrome is a rare presentation of Kawasaki disease, in which cardiovascular manifestations associated with elevated inflammation biomarkers that develop hypotension are observed. It is preceded by gastrointestinal and neurological manifestations, with an increased risk of coronary lesions and resistance to intravenous immunoglobulin. CASE REPORT: A 5-month-old male patient with a fever that had developed in the last week, gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms with hypotensive shock, urticarial rash, BCG lymphadenitis, and edema of palms and soles. Giant coronary aneurysms were evident, so Kawasaki disease shock syndrome was diagnosed, which was treated with corticosteroid pulse and intravenous immunoglobulin. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians must suspect Kawasaki disease shock syndrome when there is hypotensive shock, and the gastrointestinal, neurological and mucocutaneous symptoms that are characteristic of the disease, especially in infants under one year of age. The timely treatment of this disease reduces severe complications.

18.
Mar Drugs ; 18(9)2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916905

RESUMO

Even if the ocean represents a large part of Earth's surface, only a few studies describe marine-derived fungi compared to their terrestrial homologues. In this ecosystem, marine-derived fungi have had to adapt to the salinity and to the plant biomass composition. This articles studies the growth of five marine isolates and the tuning of lignocellulolytic activities under different conditions, including the salinity. A de novo transcriptome sequencing and assembly were used in combination with a proteomic approach to characterize the Carbohydrate Active Enzymes (CAZy) repertoire of one of these strains. Following these approaches, Stemphylium lucomagnoense was selected for its adapted growth on xylan in saline conditions, its high xylanase activity, and its improved laccase activities in seagrass-containing cultures with salt. De novo transcriptome sequencing and assembly indicated the presence of 51 putative lignocellulolytic enzymes. Its secretome composition was studied in detail when the fungus was grown on either a terrestrial or a marine substrate, under saline and non-saline conditions. Proteomic analysis of the four S. lucomagnoense secretomes revealed a minimal suite of extracellular enzymes for plant biomass degradation and highlighted potential enzyme targets to be further studied for their adaptation to salts and for potential biotechnological applications.

19.
J Clin Virol ; 131: 104611, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The involvement of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in mediating immunopathogenetic events in COVID-19 patients has been suggested. By using several experimental approaches, we investigated the potential association between SARS-CoV-2 IgGs recognizing the spike (S) protein receptor-binding domain (RBD), neutralizing antibodies (NtAb) targeting S, and COVID-19 severity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This unicenter, retrospective, observational study included 51 hospitalized patients (24 at the intensive care unit; ICU). A total of 93 sera from these patients collected at different time points from the onset of symptoms were analyzed. SARS-CoV-2 RBD IgGs were quantitated by ELISA and NtAb50 titers were measured in a GFP reporterbased pseudotyped virus platform. Demographic and clinical data, complete blood counts, as well as serum levels of ferritin, Dimer-D, C reactive protein (CRP), lactose dehydrogenase (LDH), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were retrieved from clinical charts. RESULTS: The overall correlation between levels of both antibody measurements was good (Rho = 0.82; P = 0 < 0.001). SARS-CoV-2 RBD IgG and NtAb50 levels in sera collected up to day 30 after the onset of symptoms were comparable between ICU and non-ICU patients (P=>0.1). Four ICU patients died; two of these achieved NtAb50 titers ≥1/160 while the other two exhibited a 1/80 titer. Very weak (Rho=>0.0-<0.2) or weak (Rho=>0.2-<0.4) correlations were observed between anti-RBD IgGs, NtAb50, and serum levels pro-inflammatory biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS: The data presented herein do not support an association between SARS-CoV-2 RBD IgG or NtAb50 levels and COVID-19 severity.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Inflamação/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Betacoronavirus , Sítios de Ligação de Anticorpos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
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