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1.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 82(5): 483-490, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714427

RESUMO

There are limited data on infants with HIV starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the neonatal period. We investigated the association between the timing of ART initiation and time-to-suppression among infants who tested HIV-positive and initiated ART within the first 28 days of life. The effect was estimated using cumulative probability flexible parametric spline models and a multivariable generalized additive mixed model was performed to test nonlinear associations. Forty-four neonates were included. Nineteen (43.2%) initiated ART within 7 days of life and 25 (56.8%) from 8 to 28 days. Infants treated within 7 days were 4-fold more likely to suppress earlier than those treated after 7 days [Hazard ratio (HR) 4.01 (1.7-9.5)]. For each week the ART initiation was delayed, the probability of suppression decreased by 35% (HR 0.65 [0.46-0.92]). Age at ART start was linearly associated with time-to-suppression. However, a linear association with normally distributed residuals was not found between baseline viral load and time-to-suppression, with no association found when baseline viral loads were ≤5 log(10) copies/mL, but with exponential increase in time-to-suppression with > log5 copies/mL at baseline. Starting ART within 7 days of life led to 4-fold faster time to viral suppression, in comparison to initiation from 8 to 28 days.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223536, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are not enough nationwide studies on perinatal HIV transmission in connection with a combination of antiretroviral treatments in Spain. Our objectives were to study sociodemographic changes and trends in the rates of HIV diagnoses and perinatal transmission in Spain from 1997 to 2015. METHODS: A retrospective study using data from Spanish Paediatric HIV Network (CoRISpe) and Spanish Minimum Basic Data Set (MDBS) was performed. HIV- diagnosed children between 1997 and 2015 were selected. Sociodemographic, clinical and immunovirological data of HIV-infected children and their mothers were studied in four calendar periods (P1: 1997-2000; P2: 2001-2005; P3: 2006-2010; P4: 2011-2015). Rates of perinatal HIV diagnoses and transmission from 1997 to 2015 were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 532 HIV-infected children were included in this study. Of these children, 406 were Spanish (76.3%) and 126 immigrants (23.7%). A decrease in the number of HIV diagnoses, 203 (38.2%) children in the first (P1), 149 (28%) in the second (P2), 130 (24.4%) in the third (P3) and 50 (9.4%) in the fourth (P4) calendar periods was studied. The same decrease in the Spanish HIV-infected children (P1, 174 (46.6%), P2, 115 (30.8%), P3, 65 (17.4%) and P4, 19 (5.1%)) was monitored. However, an increase in the number of HIV diagnoses by sexual contact (P1: 0%; P2: 1.3%; P3: 4.6%; P4: 16%) was observed. The rates of new perinatal HIV diagnoses and perinatal transmission in Spanish children decreased from 0.167 to 0.005 per 100,000 inhabitants and 11.4% to 0.4% between 1997 and 2015, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A decline of perinatal HIV diagnoses and transmission was observed. However, an increase of teen-agers HIV diagnoses with sexual infection was studied. Public awareness campaigns directed to teen-agers are advisable to prevent HIV infection by sexual contact.

3.
J Viral Hepat ; 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515866

RESUMO

HIV co-infection has been suggested to play a deleterious role on the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis among vertically HCV-infected children. The aim of this study was to describe the longitudinal evolution of vertically acquired HIV/HCV co-infection in youths, in comparison with HCV infection alone. This was a retrospective, multicentre study including vertically HIV/HCV-co-infected patients and age- and sex-matched vertically HCV-mono-infected patients. Progression to advanced liver fibrosis, defined as F3 or more by elastography or METAVIR biopsy staging, and response to treatment were compared by means of univariate and multivariate regression analyses and Cox regression models. Sixty-seven co-infected patients were compared with 67 matched HCV-mono-infected patients. No progression to advanced liver disease was observed during the first decade. At a median age of 20.0 [19.0, 22.0] years, 26.7% co-infected vs 20% mono-infected had progressed to advanced fibrosis (P = .617). Peg-IFN/RBV for HCV treatment was given to 37.9% vs 86.6% (P-value < .001). At treatment initiation, co-infected patients were older (16.9 ± 4.1 vs 11.7 ± 4.5 years, P < .001), and 47.1% vs 7.1% showed advanced fibrosis (P < .003), with no differences in hard-to-treat genotype distribution. Sustained viral response was comparable between groups (43.5% vs 44.0%, P = .122). In vertically HIV/HCV-co-infected patients, the progression to liver fibrosis was rare during childhood. At the end of adolescence, over 25% of patients displayed advanced liver disease. Response to Peg-IFN/RBV was poor and comparable in both groups, supporting the need for fast access to early treatment with direct-acting antivirals against HCV for vertically co-infected patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emotional exhaustion causes adverse effects in those who suffer from it. Housewives are not excluded. Domestic and care chores, which are considered to be sources of stress, increase when taking on the role of caregiver for a family member with Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the influence of emotional exhaustion, somatic symptoms and social dysfunction, based on the activity they carry out. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional survey. 193 women participated, of which: housewives (HWs) (n = 97), and Alzheimer's patient caregiver-housewives (CHWs) (n = 96). The evaluation tools were: sociodemographic/working data questionnaire (ad hoc), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and Goldberg General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). RESULTS: High rates of emotional exhaustion are observed, as well as an existing positive link between chronic diseases, somatic symptoms and social dysfunction. The structural model indicates that emotional exhaustion predicts the amount and extent of diseases, somatic symptoms and social dysfunction. The influence is higher in CHWs. LIMITATIONS: Sample procedure implemented at convenience; the variable of the grade of dependence of the Alzheimer's patient caregiver was not included in the study. CONCLUSIONS: The domestic and care chores that HWs and CHWs carry out affect their health. Hence the need to develop psychoeducative programmes that are adapted to the particular needs of these women and focused on the different areas of their everyday lives.

5.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220552, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is associated with marked immune reconstitution. Although a long term viral suppression is achievable, not all children however, attain complete immunological recovery due to persistent immune activation. We use CD4/CD8 ratio like a marker of immune reconstitution. METHODS: Perinatal HIV-infected children who underwent a first-line cART, achieved viral suppression in the first year and maintained it for more than 5 years, with no viral rebound were included. Logistic models were applied to estimate the prognostic factors, clinical characteristics at cART start, of a lower CD4/CD8 ratio at the last visit. RESULTS: 146 HIV-infected children were included: 77% Caucasian, 45% male and 28% CDC C. Median age at cART initiation was 2.3 years (IQR: 0.5-6.2). 42 (30%) children received mono-dual therapy previously to cART. Time of undetectable viral load was 9.5 years (IQR: 7.8, 12.5). 33% of the children not achieved CD4/CD8 ratio >1. Univariate analysis showed an association between CD4/CD8 <1 with lower CD4 nadir and baseline CD4; older age at diagnosis and at cART initiation; and a previous exposure to mono-dual therapy. Multivariate analysis also revealed relationship between CD4/CD8 <1 and lower CD4 nadir (OR: 1.002, CI 95% 1.000-1.004) as well as previous exposure to mono-dual therapy (OR: 0.16, CI 95% 0.003-0.720). CONCLUSIONS: CD4/CD8 >1 was not achieved in 33% of the children. Lower CD4 nadir and previous exposure to suboptimal therapy, before initiating cART, are factors showing independently association with a worse immune recovery (CD4/CD8 < 1).

6.
World J Pediatr ; 15(5): 492-498, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies investigating health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in youth with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV+) are scarce. This study aimed to compare HRQoL of PHIV+ to sociodemographic-matched youth not living with HIV (HIV-), Spanish general youth population, and to explore associations between sociodemographic variables, drug consumption, and HRQoL. METHODS: PHIV+ youth were randomly selected from CoRISpe database (Cohort of the Spanish Pediatric HIV Network). HRQoL was evaluated by SF-12v2. RESULTS: Thirty-nine PHIV+ youth (mean age: 23.36 years, SD = 3.83) and thirty-nine HIV- youth (mean age: 22.97 years, SD = 3.80) participated in this study. PHIV+ obtained lower scores in SF-12 physical health subscale (PCS) than HIV- (P = 0.001) and Spanish general youth population (P = 0.006). PHIV+ had lower scores on the mental health subscale (MCS) than the Spanish general youth population (P < 0.001). PHIV+ who were at school obtained better scores than those were not at school. PHIV+ youth who had used cocaine and cannabis had lower scores in MCS (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for HRQoL management in the associated medical follow-up.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929024

RESUMO

Data for a total of 57 patients vertically coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 365 HIV-monoinfected patients were compared until their transition to adult care. No differences regarding the dynamics of CD4 and/or CD8 T-cell counts during childhood were found. The coexistence of HCV does not increase the risk of disease progression in vertically HIV-infected patients.

9.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 91(5): 296-306, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683547

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) has a high morbidity and mortality in children and adults. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with IMD, to compare them among children and adults, and to determine prognostic factors and changes in epidemiology during a 14-year period. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients admitted to a third level hospital with IMD between 2004 and 2017. An analysis was made of the clinical, epidemiological and microbiological data. RESULTS: A total of 84 patients were diagnosed with IMD, of which 50 (59.5%) were children. Median age was 2 years (IQR 0.7-7.5) for children and 41.2 years (IQR 26.4-69.3) for adults. Diagnosis was bacteraemia in 47 patients (56%), meningitis in 24 (28.6%), and both in 13 (15.5%). Serogroup B (MenB) was the most common cause of IMD (40.5%), followed by serogroup C (MenC) in 15.5%, which was more common among adults (26.5% vs 8%, P=.022). Incidence rate decreased between 2004-2010 and 2011-2017, from 3.14 to 1.33 cases/100.000 emergencies attended in the study hospital (P<.001). Eighty-four percent of children had received≥1 dose of vaccine against MenC, with none against MenB. Children had higher proportion of ICU admissions (78% vs 44.1%, P=.001). Mortality was slightly higher in adults (11.8% vs 2.0%, P=.153). Adverse outcomes (sequelae or mortality) were independently associated with intubation and thrombocytopenia, while disease severity with leukopenia and purpuric rash. CONCLUSIONS: IMD incidence has decreased in our setting, with MenB being the most common serogroup. The higher prevalence of MenC in adults was probably related to lower vaccination coverage. According to this study, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and purpuric rash were parameters associated with worse outcome.

12.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 79(2): 269-276, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30211778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Future strategies aiming to achieve HIV-1 remission are likely to target individuals with small reservoir size. SETTING: We retrospectively investigated factors associated with HIV-1 DNA levels in European, perinatally HIV-infected children starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) <6 months of age. METHODS: Total HIV-1 DNA was measured from 51 long-term suppressed children aged 6.3 years (median) after initial viral suppression. Factors associated with log10 total HIV-1 DNA were analyzed using linear regression. RESULTS: At ART initiation, children were aged median [IQR] 2.3 [1.2-4.1] months, CD4% 37 [24-45] %, CD8% 28 [18-36] %, log10 plasma viral load (VL) 5.4 [4.4-5.9] copies per milliliter. Time to viral suppression was 7.98 [4.6-19.3] months. After suppression, 13 (25%) children had suboptimal response [≥2 consecutive VL 50-400 followed by VL <50] and/or experienced periods of virological failure [≥2 consecutive VL ≥400 followed by VL <50]. Median total HIV-1 DNA was 43 [6195] copies/10 PBMC. Younger age at therapy initiation was associated with lower total HIV-1 DNA (adjusted coefficient [AC] 0.12 per month older, P = 0.0091), with a month increase in age at ART start being associated with a 13% increase in HIV DNA. Similarly, a higher proportion of time spent virally suppressed (AC 0.10 per 10% higher, P = 0.0022) and the absence of viral failure/suboptimal response (AC 0.34 for those with fail/suboptimal response, P = 0.0483) were associated with lower total HIV-1 DNA. CONCLUSIONS: Early ART initiation and a higher proportion of time suppressed are linked with lower total HIV-1 DNA. Early ART start and improving adherence in perinatally HIV-1-infected children minimize the size of viral reservoir.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29957674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Future strategies aiming to achieve HIV-1 remission are likely to target individuals with small reservoir size. SETTING: We retrospectively investigated factors associated with HIV-1 DNA levels in European, perinatally HIV-infected children starting ART <6 months of age. METHODS: Total HIV-1 DNA was measured from 51 long-term suppressed children 6.3 years (median) after initial viral suppression. Factors associated with log10 total HIV-1 DNA were analyzed using linear regression. RESULTS: At ART initiation, children were aged median [IQR] 2.3 [1.2,4.1] months, CD4% 37 [24,45] %, CD8% 28 [18,36] %, log10 plasma viral load (VL) 5.4 [4.4,5.9] copies/ml. Time to viral suppression was 7.98 [4.6,19.3] months. Following suppression, 13 (25%) children had suboptimal response [≥2 consecutive VL50-400 followed by VL<50] and/or experienced periods of virological failure [≥2 consecutive VL≥400 followed by VL<50]. Median total HIV-1 DNA was 43 [6,195] copies/10 PBMC.Younger age at therapy initiation was associated with lower total HIV-1 DNA (adjusted coefficient [AC] 0.12 per month older, p=0.0091), with a month increase in age at ART start being associated with a 13% increase in HIV DNA. Similarly, a higher proportion of time spent virally suppressed (AC 0.10 per 10% higher, p=0.0022) and absence of viral failure/suboptimal response (AC 0.34 for those with fail/ suboptimal response, p=0.0483) were associated with lower total HIV-1 DNA. CONCLUSION: Early ART initiation and a higher proportion of time suppressed are linked with lower total HIV-1 DNA. Early ART start and improving adherence in perinatally HIV-1 infected children minimize the size of viral reservoir.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License 4.0 (CCBY-NC), where it is permissible to download, share, remix, transform, and buildup the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be used commercially without permission from the journal.

15.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 2347, 2018 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29403002

RESUMO

This pilot study evaluates in pediatric patients the impact of HIV/HCV coinfection in the molecular evolution of the HIV-1 subtype B protease (HIV-1BPR). For this study, HIV-1B/HCV coinfected (15) and HIV-1B monoinfected (56) patients with available HIV-1B pol sequences were enrolled. Both groups of patients had comparable gender frequencies and average age, time of infection, antiretroviral treatment (ART) exposure and time under ART. Prevalence of drug resistance mutations (DRM), genetic diversity, number of synonymous (dS) and non-synonymous (dN) mutations per site and selection pressures (dN - dS) in the HIV-1BPR were estimated and compared between mono- and coinfected patients. Both HIV-1B populations presented similar genetic diversity (0.050 ± 0.02 vs. 0.045 ± 0.01) and dS (0.074 ± 0.03 vs. 0.078 ± 0.04). In turn, in coinfected patients the HIV-1BPR had higher dN (0.045 ± 0.01 vs. 0.024 ± 0.01) and dN-dS (-0.026 ± 0.02 vs. -0.048 ± 0.04) values, and less amino acid sites under purifying selection (4.2% vs. 42.1%) than in monoinfected patients. Accordingly, in co-infection with HCV, the HIV-1BPR sites 50, 53, 82, 84 and 88 - associated with resistance to PIs - were under neutral evolution, whereas these sites were under purifying selection in monoinfected patients. This pilot study suggests that HIV-1B may evolve differently in the presence than in the absence of HCV.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(39): e7858, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953612

RESUMO

Vertical human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has decreased in industrialized countries in recent decades, but there are no studies on the mechanisms of HIV transmission among infected children in Spain. Our aim was to study the characteristics and trends of diagnoses of vertically HIV-infected children in Spain from 2004 to 2013.Vertically HIV-infected children were selected if they were diagnosed from 2004 to 2013, were aged 0 to 18 years old, and were included in the Cohort of the Spanish Pediatric HIV Network (CoRISpe). Demographic, clinical, immunological, and virological data at diagnosis were obtained. The rate of diagnoses of vertically HIV-infected children was calculated as the number of cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Obstetric data of mothers of Spanish children and prophylaxis at childbirth and postpartum were obtained.A total of 218 HIV-infected children were included in the study. Of this sample, 182 children (83.5%) were perinatally HIV infected, and 125 out of those 182 children (68.7%) were born in Spain. The vertically HIV-infected Spanish children were diagnosed earlier and were in better clinical and immunological condition at diagnosis than were foreign children. The rate of vertically HIV-infected children declined from 0.09 in 2004 to 0.03 in 2013 due to the decrease in the rate of children born in Spain (0.08 in 2004 vs 0.01 in 2013). A total of 60 out of 107 mothers (56.1%) of Spanish children were diagnosed at or after childbirth. However, this number declined between 2004 and 2013.The rate of new HIV diagnoses of vertically HIV-infected children decreased significantly between 2004 and 2013 from 0.09 to 0.03 per 100,000 inhabitants.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
18.
BMJ Open ; 7(9): e017455, 2017 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28918413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Little is known concerning post-traumatic growth (PTG) after liver transplantation. Against this backdrop the current study analysed the relationship between PTG and time since transplantation on quality of life. Furthermore, it compared PTG between liver transplant recipients and their caregivers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: University Hospital in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 240 adult liver transplant recipients who had undergone only one transplantation, with no severe mental disease, were the participants of the study. Specific additional analyses were conducted on the subset of 216 participants for whom caregiver data were available. Moreover, results were compared with a previously recruited general population sample. OUTCOME MEASURES: All participants completed the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, and recipients also filled in the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey. Relevant sociodemographic and clinical parameters were also assessed. RESULTS: In the sample of 240 recipients, longer time since transplantation (>9 years) was associated with more pain symptoms (p=0.026). Regardless of duration, recipients showed lower scores on most quality of life dimensions than the general population. However, high PTG was associated with a significantly higher score on the vitality quality of life dimension (p=0.021). In recipients with high PTG, specific quality of life dimensions, such as bodily pain (p=0.307), vitality (p=0.890) and mental health (p=0.353), even equalled scores in the general population, whereas scores on general health surpassed them (p=0.006). Furthermore, liver transplant recipients (n=216) compared with their caregivers showed higher total PTG (p<0.001) and higher scores on the subscales relating to others (p<0.001), new possibilities (p<0.001) and appreciation of life (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the protective role of PTG in the long-term outcome of liver transplant recipients. Future studies should analyse and develop psychosocial interventions to strengthen PTG in transplant recipients and their caregivers.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Cuidadores/psicologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Transplante de Fígado/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/psicologia , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
PLoS One ; 12(8): e0183558, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28841701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of perinatally HIV-infected women (PHIV) are reaching adulthood and becoming pregnant. Most PHIV women have been exposed to a high number of antiretroviral regimens, and they may have difficulties to achieve viral suppression. Psychosocial problems are not uncommon and could be an important barrier for treatment adherence. The effects of chronic HIV infection and long-term exposure to antiretroviral treatment of PHIV women cause concerns on the developing fetus. The aims of this study were to describe the prevention of mother-to-child transmission strategies in PHIV women and the infant outcomes in the Madrid Cohort of HIV-infected mother-infant pairs. METHODS: All PHIV pregnant women registered in the Cohort that gave birth from 2000 to 2015 were included in the study. RESULTS: Twenty-eight pregnancies in twenty-two perinatally infected women were registered. Most women were Caucasian and heavily treatment-experienced. Nine cases (32.1%) were at high risk of HIV mother-to-child transmission. Maternal HIV-1 viral load was detectable close to delivery in four women (14.3%). The management of these cases was described, and the treatment strategies were discussed. None of the newborns acquired HIV infection. Eight infants (28.6%) were small for gestational age. CONCLUSIONS: This study included a large series of pregnancies among PHIV women attended according to a youth-centered care model. The challenges in the management of this population by health-care providers were described. Specific strategies to minimize perinatal transmission risks should be addressed in future collaborative studies.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/fisiopatologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Espanha/epidemiologia , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
20.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 17(2): 120-127, mayo-ago. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-163602

RESUMO

Background/Objective: The evidence on efficacy of cognitive-behavioral interventions in Eating Disorders (ED) still shows inconclusive results with respect to the role of purging behaviors, more so in uncontrolled situations. Evolution of ED patients with and without purging behavior was studied 30 months after start of a multicomponent treatment. Method: 162 women (87 purging, 75 non-purging) treated in outpatient or hospitals+outpatient care units in Spain participated. The evaluation instruments were: BSQ, EAT-40, EDI, STAI, BDI and BITE. Results: At the beginning of the treatment, participants with purging behavior showed higher bulimic symptomatology, more body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, perfectionism and ineffectiveness, anxiety and depressive symptomatology. After thirty months, intervention produced improvement in ED characteristics, emotional alterations and personal development variables, in both groups, but less in patients with no purging behavior. The effect of intervention was stronger in purging patients and variables with larger effect size: body dissatisfaction, bulimic symptomatology and anxiety. Conclusions: Purging behaviors must be considered in the design of these treatments with a view to prognosis (AU)


La evidencia sobre la eficacia de intervenciones cognitivo-conductuales en los Trastornos de la Conducta Alimentaria (TCA) aún presenta resultados no concluyentes respecto al papel que desempeñan en las conductas purgativas, más aún cuando se realizan en situaciones no controladas. Se pretende conocer la evolución tras un tratamiento multicomponente en pacientes con TCA, con presencia o ausencia de conductas purgativas, después de 30 meses del inicio del tratamiento. Método: Participaron 162 mujeres (87 purgativas y 75 no purgativas), tratadas en régimen ambulatorio o hospitalario+ambulatorio, en España. Los instrumentos de evaluación fueron: BSQ, EAT-40, EDI, STAI, BDI y BITE. Resultados: Al inicio del tratamiento, las participantes con conductas purgativas presentaban mayor sintomatología bulímica, más insatisfacción corporal, obsesión por la delgadez, perfeccionismo e ineficacia, ansiedad y sintomatología depresiva. Tras 30 meses, en ambos grupos, la intervención produjo mejoría en las características de TCA, alteraciones emocionales y variables de desarrollo personal, siendo menor en las pacientes sin conductas purgativas. El efecto de la intervención fue mayor en las participantes purgativas y las variables con mayor tamaño de efecto: insatisfacción corporal, sintomatología bulímica y ansiedad. Conclusiones: Es importante considerar las conductas purgativas en el diseño de estos tratamientos de cara al pronóstico (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Transtorno da Conduta/dietoterapia , Transtorno da Conduta/diagnóstico , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnóstico , Anorexia Nervosa/terapia , Prognóstico , Avaliação Nutricional , Psicologia Experimental/tendências
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