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1.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0213073, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818333

RESUMO

Research in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is increasingly focused on the discovery of biomarkers that could enable personalized treatments. The genetic biomarkers associated with the response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi) are among the most studied. They include 12 SNPs exhibiting promising results in the three largest genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, they still require further validation. With this aim, we assessed their association with response to TNFi in a replication study, and a meta-analysis summarizing all non-redundant data. The replication involved 755 patients with RA that were treated for the first time with a biologic drug, which was either infliximab (n = 397), etanercept (n = 155) or adalimumab (n = 203). Their DNA samples were successfully genotyped with a single-base extension multiplex method. Lamentably, none of the 12 SNPs was associated with response to the TNFi in the replication study (p > 0.05). However, a drug-stratified exploratory analysis revealed a significant association of the NUBPL rs2378945 SNP with a poor response to etanercept (B = -0.50, 95% CI = -0.82, -0.17, p = 0.003). In addition, the meta-analysis reinforced the previous association of three SNPs: rs2378945, rs12142623, and rs4651370. In contrast, five of the remaining SNPs were less associated than before, and the other four SNPs were no longer associated with the response to treatment. In summary, our results highlight the complexity of the pharmacogenetics of TNFi in RA showing that it could involve a drug-specific component and clarifying the status of the 12 GWAS-drawn SNPs.

2.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0196793, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29734345

RESUMO

Genetic biomarkers are sought to personalize treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), given their variable response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi). However, no genetic biomaker is yet sufficiently validated. Here, we report a validation study of 18 previously reported genetic biomarkers, including 11 from GWAS of response to TNFi. The validation was attempted in 581 patients with RA that had not been treated with biologic antirheumatic drugs previously. Their response to TNFi was evaluated at 3, 6 and 12 months in two ways: change in the DAS28 measure of disease activity, and according to the EULAR criteria for response to antirheumatic drugs. Association of these parameters with the genotypes, obtained by PCR amplification followed by single-base extension, was tested with regression analysis. These analyses were adjusted for baseline DAS28, sex, and the specific TNFi. However, none of the proposed biomarkers was validated, as none showed association with response to TNFi in our study, even at the time of assessment and with the outcome that showed the most significant result in previous studies. These negative results are notable because this was the first independent validation study for 12 of the biomarkers, and because they indicate that prudence is needed in the interpretation of the proposed biomarkers of response to TNFi even when they are supported by very low p values. The results also emphasize the requirement of independent replication for validation, and the need to search protocols that could increase reproducibility of the biomarkers of response to TNFi.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
J Rheumatol ; 45(4): 456-464, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29247149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the longterm efficacy and safety of subcutaneous tocilizumab (TCZ-SC) every 2 weeks (q2w) over 2 years in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who have an inadequate response to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD). METHODS: Patients (n = 656) were randomized 2:1 to TCZ-SC 162 mg q2w or placebo-SC q2w plus DMARD. After a 24-week double-blind period, patients (n = 457) were rerandomized to open-label TCZ-SC q2w by means of prefilled syringe or autoinjector. Escape therapy with weekly TCZ-SC was available for patients with inadequate efficacy from Week 12. Maintenance of response and safety to 2 years was assessed. Analyses used nonresponder imputation. RESULTS: The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 response after TCZ-SC was maintained beyond Week 24 and was > 70% at each timepoint. ACR50/70, 28-joint Disease Activity Score remission, and ≥ 0.30 decrease from baseline in the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index response rates were also maintained after Week 24 in the TCZ-SC arm (≥ 50%, > 25%,> 32% and > 56%, respectively). Following escape for inadequate efficacy, many patients achieved ACR20 at the end of the study, 35% after escape from TCZ-SC, and 63% from placebo. The rates of serious adverse events [(11.20/100 patient-years (PY)] including serious infections (3.25/100 PY) were stable through Week 96. No association between anti-TCZ antibody development and loss of efficacy or adverse events was observed. CONCLUSION: Efficacy and safety of TCZ-SC q2w was maintained up to 2 years and remained comparable with previously published data for intravenous TCZ. Dose escalation to weekly TCZ-SC was associated with ACR responses in prior nonresponders and was well tolerated.

4.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 13(4): 197-200, jul.-ago. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-164334

RESUMO

Background. Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is characterized by new bone formation. The complex systems underlying this process involve Wnt-signaling pathway. It has been observed that serum levels of dickkopf-1 (DKK-1), an important inhibitor of Wnt-signaling, are decreased in patients with axSpA. However, these data are from studies including only patients with long-standing disease. The aim of this study is to investigate if symptom duration influences on serum DKK-1 levels in patients with axSpA. Material and methods. A cross-sectional study including consecutive patients with axSpA (ASAS criteria) naïve for anti-TNF therapy. Collected data included demographic and disease characteristics, time since first symptom onset, assessment of disease activity and function, and determination of DKK-1 serum levels. Patients were classified as early axSpA (symptom duration ≤5 years) and established axSpA (>5 years). Linear regression models were employed to investigate the variables related to DKK-1 serum levels. Results. In total, 90 patients were included. Sixty-eight patients had early axSpA and 22 had established disease. Serum levels of DKK-1 were significantly higher in patients with early axSpA compared with established axSpA (22.1±12.6 vs 16.4±10.7pM; p=0.04). Among all tested variables, only symptom duration was significantly and inversely correlated with DKK-1 serum levels (beta: −0.041; p=0.01). Conclusion. Serum DKK-1 levels in axSpA depend on disease duration. As disease duration increases, DKK-1 serum levels decrease. Based on this, an intensive treatment at early stages of the disease could have a better outcome on inhibiting/slowing radiographic progression in patients with axSpA (AU)


Objetivo. Espondiloartritis axial (EsPax) se caracteriza por nueva formación ósea. El complejo sistema que subyace este proceso incluye la vía de señal Wnt. Se ha demostrado que niveles séricos de dickkopf-1 (DKK-1), un importante inhibidor de la vía de señal Wnt, está disminuidos en pacientes con EsPax. Sin embargo, estos datos proceden exclusivamente de pacientes con EsPax de larga duración. El objetivo de este estudio es investigar si la duración de la enfermedad influye en niveles séricos de DKK-1 en pacientes con EsPax. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal en pacientes con EsPax sin terapia anti-TNF. Se recogieron datos demográficos y de la enfermedad, y se determinaron niveles de DKK-1 séricos en la misma visita. Los pacientes fueron clasificados en base a la duración de síntomas en EsPax precoz (≤5 años) y establecida (>5 años). Se emplearon modelos de regresión lineal para investigar las variables asociadas con los niveles de DKK-1. Resultados. Se incluyeron 90 pacientes, 68 con EsPax precoz y 22 con EsPax establecida. Los niveles de DKK-1 fueron superiores en EsPax precoz comparado con EsPax establecida (22.1±12.6 vs 16.4±10.7pM; p=0.04). De todas las variables, sólo la duración de síntomas se asoció significativamente con DKK-1 (beta: −0.041; p=0.01). Conclusiones. Los niveles séricos de DKK-1 en EsPax, dependen de la duración de la enfermedad. A medida que la duración de la enfermedad aumenta, niveles séricos de DKK-1 disminuye. Por lo tanto, el tratamiento intensivo en estadios tempranos de la enfermedad podría tener un mejor resultado en inhibir/disminuir la progresión radiológica en pacientes con EsPax (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Espondilartrite/sangue , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/análise , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/sangue , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Modelos Lineares
5.
Reumatol Clin ; 13(4): 197-200, 2017 Jul - Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27297260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is characterized by new bone formation. The complex systems underlying this process involve Wnt-signaling pathway. It has been observed that serum levels of dickkopf-1 (DKK-1), an important inhibitor of Wnt-signaling, are decreased in patients with axSpA. However, these data are from studies including only patients with long-standing disease. The aim of this study is to investigate if symptom duration influences on serum DKK-1 levels in patients with axSpA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study including consecutive patients with axSpA (ASAS criteria) naïve for anti-TNF therapy. Collected data included demographic and disease characteristics, time since first symptom onset, assessment of disease activity and function, and determination of DKK-1 serum levels. Patients were classified as early axSpA (symptom duration ≤5 years) and established axSpA (>5 years). Linear regression models were employed to investigate the variables related to DKK-1 serum levels. RESULTS: In total, 90 patients were included. Sixty-eight patients had early axSpA and 22 had established disease. Serum levels of DKK-1 were significantly higher in patients with early axSpA compared with established axSpA (22.1±12.6 vs 16.4±10.7pM; p=0.04). Among all tested variables, only symptom duration was significantly and inversely correlated with DKK-1 serum levels (beta: -0.041; p=0.01). CONCLUSION: Serum DKK-1 levels in axSpA depend on disease duration. As disease duration increases, DKK-1 serum levels decrease. Based on this, an intensive treatment at early stages of the disease could have a better outcome on inhibiting/slowing radiographic progression in patients with axSpA.


Assuntos
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/sangue , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilartrite/sangue , Espondilartrite/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 18(1): 259, 2016 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27821150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are treated with a mean of 3-4 conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) with or without glucocorticoids (GCs), before the first biologic prescription. The main reasons for change are inefficacy in 30-40 % of patients, and toxicity ≈ 10 %. Thus, they are treated with the first TNF antagonists in monotherapy. The aim of this study was to analyse the csDMARD and GC prescription patterns before and during treatment with the first TNF antagonist, and compare their effectiveness in three groups of patients. METHODS: An observational, prospective, multicentre study in common clinical practice was designed. Treating rheumatologists recorded patient variables, including previous and concomitant csDMARDs and GCs in a database. The data were analysed using descriptive, inferential and multivariate statistics. RESULTS: There were 1136 patients included; 21 % received the first TNF antagonist in monotherapy, 67 % received the first TNF antagonist plus one csDMARD, and 12 % the first TNF antagonist plus two or more csDMARDs. Most patients were female (73 %), RF+, and ACPA+, and had erosions; mean age was 53.2 (±13.0) years, and duration of disease was 9.1 (±7.6) years. They had high activity with DAS28 of 5.8 ± 1.1, and poor physical function with HAQ of 1.43 ± 0.63, and significant differences between groups in clinical variables and comorbidities; 94 % had received treatment with GCs, MTX, LFN, or SSZ at any time before the first TNF antagonist, 5 % (n = 52) had been treated with CLQ or HCLQ, and 1 % (n = 13) had received neither GCs nor csDMARDs. Before the first TNF antagonist, the drugs most commonly used were GCs (78 %), MTX (50 %), LFN (44 %), and SSZ (21 %). Concomitantly with the first TNF antagonist, 977 patients (85 %) were receiving GCs, MTX, LFN, or SSZ; 15 % (n = 173) received their first TNF antagonist without any concomitant GCs or csDMARDs, true monotherapy, and 6 % received their first TNF antagonist with GCs. The drug most commonly used at the time of first TNF antagonist initiation was MTX (58 %). All treatment groups had clinically and statistically significant improvements in DAS and HAQ scores. Effectiveness analysis (controlling for confounders) showed mean drug survival of 16.7, 20.1 and 11.7 months in each group, respectively (p < 0.001). The model that best explained a good EULAR response included the baseline and 6-month DAS28. CONCLUSIONS: The three groups of patiernts, have different comorbidities and disease characteristics. Treatment with low or very low doses of GCs is common. True monotherapy with the first TNF antagonist without prednisone or csDMARDs is infrequent. After controlling for potential confounders, effectiveness was a little different.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões de Prática Médica , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 75(1): 170-7, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25355728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in structural damage and joint inflammation assessed by MRI following rituximab treatment in a Phase 3 study of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite methotrexate (MTX) who were naive to biological therapy. METHODS: Patients were randomised to receive two infusions of placebo (n=63), rituximab 500 mg (n=62), or rituximab 1000 mg (n=60) intravenously on days 1 and 15. MRI scans and radiographs of the most inflamed hand and wrist were acquired at baseline, weeks 12 (MRI only), 24 and 52. The primary end point was the change in MRI erosion score from baseline at week 24. RESULTS: Patients treated with rituximab demonstrated significantly less progression in the mean MRI erosion score compared with those treated with placebo at weeks 24 (0.47, 0.18 and 1.60, respectively, p=0.003 and p=0.001 for the two rituximab doses vs placebo) and 52 (-0.30, 0.11 and 3.02, respectively; p<0.001 and p<0.001). Cartilage loss at 52 weeks was significantly reduced in the rituximab group compared with the placebo group. Other secondary end points of synovitis and osteitis improved significantly with rituximab compared with placebo as early as 12 weeks and improved further at weeks 24 and 52. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that rituximab significantly reduced erosion and cartilage loss at week 24 and week 52 in MTX-inadequate responder patients with active RA, suggesting that MRI is a valuable tool for assessing inflammatory and structural damage in patients with established RA receiving rituximab. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT00578305.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 17: 63, 2015 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25885039

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We have hypothesized that incompatibility between the G1m genotype of the patient and the G1m1 and G1m17 allotypes carried by infliximab (INX) and adalimumab (ADM) could decrease the efficacy of these anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) antibodies in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The G1m genotypes were analyzed in three collections of patients with RA totaling 1037 subjects. The first, used for discovery, comprised 215 Spanish patients. The second and third were successively used for replication. They included 429 British and Greek patients and 393 Spanish and British patients, respectively. Two outcomes were considered: change in the Disease Activity Score in 28 joint (ΔDAS28) and the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria. RESULTS: An association between less response to INX and incompatibility of the G1m1,17 allotype was found in the discovery collection at 6 months of treatment (P = 0.03). This association was confirmed in the replications (P = 0.02 and 0.08, respectively) leading to a global association (P = 0.001) that involved a mean difference in ΔDAS28 of 0.4 units between compatible and incompatible patients (2.3 ± 1.5 in compatible patients vs. 1.9 ± 1.5 in incompatible patients) and an increase in responders and decrease in non-responders according to the EULAR criteria (P = 0.03). A similar association was suggested for patients treated with ADM in the discovery collection, but it was not supported by replication. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that G1m1,17 allotypes are associated with response to INX and could aid improved therapeutic targeting in RA.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Imunoglobulina G/genética , Infliximab/genética , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Sequência de Bases , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Alótipos de Imunoglobulina , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
9.
Pharmacogenomics ; 16(4): 333-45, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25823782

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Reproducible association of a functional polymorphism in FCGR2A with response to a TNF inhibitor (TNFi) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) led us to explore other FcγR functional polymorphisms. METHODS: Functional polymorphisms FCGR3A F158V, FCGR2B I223T and promoter VNTR in FCGRT were analyzed in up to 429 patients with RA. Response to TNFi was recorded during standard care at 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Fixed effects meta-analysis of studies addressing FCGR3A F158V polymorphism, which is the most studied of these polymorphisms, was conducted with inverse variance weighting. RESULTS: None of the functional polymorphisms were associated with change in DAS28. Meta-analysis of the seven studies (899 patients) with available data addressing association of FCGR3A F158V with response to TNFi in RA showed no association (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 0.8-1.5; p = 0.5). CONCLUSION: None of the three functional polymorphisms in FcγR genes showed association with response to TNFi in patients with RA. These negative results were obtained in spite of the larger size of this study relative to previous studies addressing the same polymorphisms. In addition, meta-analysis of FCGR3A F158V was also negative against the results provided by previous studies. Original submitted 17 September 2014; Revision submitted 9 December 2014.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Receptores Fc/genética , Receptores de IgG/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
10.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 10(4): 218-226, jul.-ago. 2014. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-124009

RESUMO

Objetivo: Revisar la evidencia clínica sobre abatacept subcutáneo (sc) y emitir recomendaciones con objeto de aclarar su uso en reumatología. Método: Un panel de expertos reumatólogos resumió de forma objetiva las pruebas existentes sobre el mecanismo de acción, el modo de uso, la eficacia y la seguridad de abatacept sc y desarrolló un documento sobre el uso de este fármaco en situaciones concretas, previa revisión de la bibliografía. Resultados: El abatacept sc sustenta su eficacia y seguridad en 7 ensayos clínicos, 3 doble ciego, 3 abiertos y uno mixto, en los que se compara la administración sc frente a la iv de abatacept, se estudia el posible impacto sobre la inmunogenicidad, el efecto de sustituir la vía iv por la sc en pacientes que previamente venían recibiendo abatacept iv, la monoterapia y la no inferioridad frente a adalimumab. No se han encontrado diferencias significativas frente a abatacept iv ni en cuanto a la eficacia ni en cuanto a la seguridad. El desarrollo de abatacept sc ha permitido un estudio complementario al del iv, con lo que el perfil del mismo queda más definido. Conclusiones: Se trata de un documento práctico como complemento a la información en ficha técnica. En resumen, el abatacept sc se presenta como un fármaco eficaz y seguro y, por lo tanto, como una alternativa más para utilizar entre los múltiples tratamientos con que cuenta hoy en día el reumatólogo. Además, cuenta con la ventaja de ser el único agente biológico que se puede administrar por vía iv y sc, lo cual puede facilitar su uso en determinados pacientes (AU)


Objective: To review the clinical evidence on subcutaneous (sc) abatacept and to formulate recommendations in order to clear up points related to its use in rheumatology. Method: An expert panel of rheumatologists objectively summarized the evidence on the mechanism of action, practicality, effectiveness, and safety of abatacept sc and formulated recommendations after a literature review. Results: The efficacy and safety of abatacept sc was studied in 7 clinical trials, 3 double-blind, 3 open, and one mixed, with the following endpoints: comparison against abatacept iv, impact on immunogenicity, effect of replacing iv by sc, abatacept sc in monotherapy, and non-inferiority to adalimumab. No significant differences were found between sc and iv abatacept on efficacy or safety. The development of sc abatacept has allowed a complementary study to the iv, formulation, thus making the abatacept profile better defined Conclusions: This is a practical document to supplement the summary of product characteristics. In summary, abatacept sc is presented as an effective and safe drug and, therefore, as an alternative for use within the broad armamentarium the rheumatologist has to treat RA. It also has the advantage of being the only biological agent that can be administered iv and sc which can facilitate its use in certain patients (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Proteínas de Fusão de Membrana/farmacocinética , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Injeções Subcutâneas , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Segurança do Paciente , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Manejo da Dor/métodos
11.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 66(11): 1653-61, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24942540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The efficacy and safety of subcutaneous tocilizumab (TCZ-SC) versus subcutaneous placebo (PBO-SC) was evaluated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who had an inadequate response to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in the BREVACTA study. METHODS: Patients (n = 656) were randomized 2:1 to receive TCZ-SC 162 mg every other week or PBO-SC every other week for 24 weeks; 20% previously received anti-tumor necrosis factor treatment. Escape therapy with TCZ-SC 162 mg weekly was offered from week 12 for inadequate response. The primary end point was the American College of Rheumatology 20% improvement (ACR20) response at week 24. The key secondary outcomes were radiographic progression and safety. RESULTS: TCZ-SC was superior to PBO-SC for ACR20 response at week 24 (60.9% versus 31.5%; P < 0.0001). All secondary end points showed TCZ-SC to be superior to PBO-SC, including ACR50 and ACR70 response (40% and 20% for TCZ-SC, respectively, and 12% and 5% for PBO-SC, respectively; P < 0.0001 for both) and Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28) remission (DAS28 <2.6; 32% versus 4% [P < 0.0001]). The mean change in modified Sharp/van der Heijde score was significantly lower in the TCZ-SC group than the PBO-SC group (0.62 versus 1.23; P = 0.0149). Adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs (SAEs) were comparable between the TCZ-SC and PBO-SC groups; 4.6% and 3.7% of patients had at least 1 SAE, respectively, and infection was the most common SAE in 2.1% and 1.8% of patients, respectively. More injection site reactions occurred with TCZ-SC than PBO-SC (7.1% versus 4.1%). No anaphylaxis or serious hypersensitivity reactions occurred. There were 3 deaths in the TCZ-SC group and 0 in the PBO-SC group. CONCLUSION: TCZ-SC every other week had significantly greater efficacy, including ACR end points and inhibition of joint damage, compared with PBO-SC. TCZ-SC was well tolerated and its safety profile was comparable with that of previous intravenous TCZ studies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Interleucina-6/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Pharmacogenet Genomics ; 24(5): 238-45, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24667440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess a functional polymorphism in FCGR2A H131R, for association with the treatment response to Fc-containing inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor (TNF). METHODS: A total of 429 biologic-naive patients with rheumatoid arthritis collected in two sets (299 and 130) were treated during standard care with infliximab (INX), etanercept, or adalimumab. Response to the treatment was evaluated at 3, 6, and 12 months of follow-up as the change in the Disease Activity Score (DAS) 28 from baseline and as the response by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) criteria. These variables were analyzed for association with linear and logistic regression models that included sex, inhibitors of TNF, and baseline DAS28 as covariates. RESULTS: Significant association was found between the FCGR2A H131R polymorphism and the response to treatment with INX, but not with the other two TNF inhibitors. The 131R allele was associated with a lower change in DAS28 (P=0.04-0.008 at different times) in the first set of patients and confirmed in the second group of patients (P=0.026 at 3 months of follow-up). Association was also found in the comparison between nonresponders and responders to INX by the EULAR criteria. CONCLUSION: We found an association of the FCGR2A 131R allele with poor response to INX. This finding could be of utility to understand the mechanisms behind treatment failure and contribute to biomarker panels for INX response prediction.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Receptores de IgG/genética , Adalimumab , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
13.
Reumatol Clin ; 10(4): 218-26, 2014 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24387951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical evidence on subcutaneous (sc) abatacept and to formulate recommendations in order to clear up points related to its use in rheumatology. METHOD: An expert panel of rheumatologists objectively summarized the evidence on the mechanism of action, practicality, effectiveness, and safety of abatacept sc and formulated recommendations after a literature review. RESULTS: The efficacy and safety of abatacept sc was studied in 7 clinical trials, 3 double-blind, 3 open, and one mixed, with the following endpoints: comparison against abatacept iv, impact on immunogenicity, effect of replacing iv by sc, abatacept sc in monotherapy, and non-inferiority to adalimumab. No significant differences were found between sc and iv abatacept on efficacy or safety. The development of sc abatacept has allowed a complementary study to the iv, formulation, thus making the abatacept profile better defined. CONCLUSIONS: This is a practical document to supplement the summary of product characteristics. In summary, abatacept sc is presented as an effective and safe drug and, therefore, as an alternative for use within the broad armamentarium the rheumatologist has to treat RA. It also has the advantage of being the only biological agent that can be administered iv and sc which can facilitate its use in certain patients.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/farmacocinética , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
14.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 87(4): 343-50, 2013 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24100773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tocilizumab (TCZ) was superior to adalimumab (ADA), as monotherapy, in reducing signs and symptoms of adult rheumatoid arthritis (RA) when methotrexate (MTX) treatment is poorly tolerated or inappropriate. The aim of the study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of TCZ vs ADA in these patients. METHODS: Economic evaluation of the cost per response or remission of TCZ vs ADA from ADACTA (time horizon: 24 weeks). Clinical response criteria ACR or disease remission criteria, DAS28. PERSPECTIVE: National Health System. The costs included (acquisition, administration and monitoring of medicines; € 2012) were obtained from Spanish sources. Simple univariate sensitivity analyzes were performed. RESULTS: ACR20, ACR50 and ACR70 response rates with TCZ and ADA were obtained in 65% and 49.4% (p <0.01), 47.2% and 27.8% (p <0.01); and 32.5% and 17.9% (p <0.01) of patients, respectively. DAS28 remission occurred in 39.9% and 10.5%, respectively (p <0.0001). The cost per response was lower with TCZ than with ADA (ACR20: € 8,105 and € 11,553; ACR50: € 11,162 and € 20,529; ACR70: € 16,211 and € 31,882) respectively. The cost of DAS28 remission was € 13,204 and € 54,352, respectively. Treatment with TCZ was dominant (more effective, with lower costs vs ADA) in all scenarios analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: According to this analysis, in Spain TCZ monotherapy is an efficient strategy vs ADA for treating RA patients intolerant to MTX or in which there is inappropriate response.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/economia , Antirreumáticos/economia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/economia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Custos de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espanha
15.
Rev. esp. salud pública ; 87(4): 343-350, jul.-ago. 2013. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-115118

RESUMO

Fundamento: Tocilizumab (TCZ) fue superior a adalimumab (ADA) en monoterapia en la reducción de los signos y síntomas de la artritis reumatoide del adulto (AR) en pacientes intolerantes o con respuesta inadecuada a metotrexato (MTX). El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el coste-efectividad de TCZ vs ADA en estos pacientes. Métodos: Evaluación económica del coste por respuesta o remisión con TCZ vs ADA a partir del estudio ADACTA (horizonte temporal: 24 semanas). Criterios de respuesta clínica ACR o de remisión de la enfermedad, índice DAS28. Ámbito: Sistema Nacional de Salud. Los costes incluidos (adquisición, administración y monitorización de los medicamentos en € de 2012) se obtuvieron de fuentes españolas. Se efectuaron análisis de sensibilidad simples univariantes. Resultados: Las tasas de respuesta ACR20, ACR50 y ACR70 con TCZ y ADA se obtuvieron en el 65% y 49,4% (p <0,01); 47,2% y 27,8% (p <0,01); y en el 32,5% y 17,9% (p <0,01) de los pacientes, respectivamente. La remisión DAS28 se produjo en el 39,9% y 10,5%, respectivamente (p <0,0001). El coste por respuesta fue menor con TCZ que con ADA (ACR20: 8.105 y 11.553 €; ACR50: 11.162 y 20.529 €; ACR70: 16.211 y 31.882 €) respectivamente. El coste de la remisión DAS28 fue de 13.204 € y 54.352 € respectivamente. En todos los escenarios el tratamiento con TCZ tuvo mayor eficacia y menores costes que con ADA. Conclusiones: Según este análisis, en España la monoterapia con TCZ es una estrategia eficiente frente a ADA para el tratamiento de los pacientes con AR intolerantes o con respuesta inadecuada a MTX(AU)


Background: Tocilizumab (TCZ) was superior to adalimumab (ADA), as monotherapy, in reducing signs and symptoms of adult rheumatoid arthritis (RA) when methotrexate (MTX) treatment is poorly tolerated or inappropriate. The aim of the study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of TCZ vs ADA in these patients. Methods: Economic evaluation of the cost per response or remission of TCZ vs ADA from ADACTA (time horizon: 24 weeks). Clinical response criteria ACR or disease remission criteria, DAS28. Perspective: National Health System. The costs included (acquisition, administration and monitoring of medicines; € 2012) were obtained from Spanish sources. Simple univariate sensitivity analyzes were performed. Results: ACR20, ACR50 and ACR70 response rates with TCZ and ADA were obtained in 65% and 49.4% (p <0.01), 47.2% and 27.8% (p <0.01); and 32.5% and 17.9% (p <0.01) of patients, respectively. DAS28 remission occurred in 39.9% and 10.5%, respectively (p <0.0001). The cost per response was lower with TCZ than with ADA (ACR20: € 8,105 and € 11,553; ACR50: € 11,162 and € 20,529; ACR70: € 16,211 and € 31,882) respectively. The cost of DAS28 remission was € 13,204 and € 54,352, respectively. Treatment with TCZ was dominant (more effective, with lower costs vs ADA) in all scenarios analyzed. Conclusions: According to this analysis, in Spain TCZ monotherapy is an efficient strategy vs ADA for treating RA patients intolerant to MTX or in which there is inappropriate response(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/economia , Metotrexato/economia , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Análise Custo-Benefício/organização & administração , Análise Custo-Benefício/normas , Avaliação de Custo-Efetividade , Custos e Análise de Custo/métodos , Custos e Análise de Custo/normas , /normas , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade/métodos , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade/normas , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Análise Custo-Benefício , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Rheumatol Int ; 33(11): 2731-6, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23793389

RESUMO

A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the correlation between telephone and self-administration of patient-related outcomes (PROs) used in the assessment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. Participants underwent a telephone interview in which the following measures were evaluated: numerical rating scales (NRSs) for global health, pain intensity, global pain, back pain, and back pain at night; BASDI, BASFI, Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), ASQoL, EuroQol, SF-12, and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) questionnaire. Within 48 h after the telephone interview, patients were appointed for a clinical visit in which the same questionnaires and in the same order were self-administered. The degree of correlation of outcomes measures between telephone interview and self-administration was assessed with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The two modes of assessing PROs were highly reliable, with ICC of 0.81 for BASDAI, 0.82 for BASFI, and 0.75 for HAQ. NRSs for global health, global pain intensity, back pain, and back pain at night also showed ICCs between 0.51 and 0.70, and only NRS for global disease activity showed an ICC of 0.45. This results were similar in patients with AS and patients with psoriatic arthritis. Social functioning and mental health domains of the SF-12 as well as EuroQol had poor correlations. The ICCs for WPAI outcomes were very good or good. We conclude that PROs in AS patients are comparable in both self-administered paper questionnaires and via a telephone interview. Different modes of assessing PRO measures facilitate the assessment of patients with AS in routine practice.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/fisiopatologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Espondilite Anquilosante/fisiopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Autorrelato , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 9(1): 5-17, ene.-feb. 2013. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-109047

RESUMO

Objetivo. Revisar la evidencia clínica sobre abatacept y emitir recomendaciones con objeto de aclarar su uso en Reumatología. Método. Un panel de expertos reumatólogos resumió de forma objetiva las pruebas existentes sobre el mecanismo de acción, modo de uso, eficacia y seguridad de abatacept y emitió recomendaciones de uso en situaciones concretas, previa revisión de la bibliografía. Se estableció el nivel de evidencia de las pruebas y el grado de apoyo de dichos datos a las recomendaciones emitidas. Resultados. El documento presenta 21 enunciados resumen de la evidencia encontrada o recomendaciones sobre abatacept (14 enunciados y 9 recomendaciones). El nivel de evidencia es superior a 2b según la escala de Oxford del Centro de Medicina Basada en la Evidencia en 14 ocasiones. El grado de apoyo de las recomendaciones es A en 2 recomendaciones, C en una y D en el resto. Se consideró importante realizar recomendaciones precisamente en los aspectos con menor grado de evidencia. Conclusiones. Se trata de un documento práctico como complemento a la información en ficha técnica (AU)


Objective: To review the clinical evidence on abatacept and to formulate recommendations in order to clear up points related to its use in rheumatology. Method: An expert panel of rheumatologists objectively summarized the evidence on the mechanism of action, practicalities, effectiveness and safety of abatacept, and formulated recommendations following a literature review. The level of evidence and degree of recommendation was established. Results: The document presents 21 statements focused on evidence or recommendations on abatacept (14 evidence summaries and 9 recommendations). The level of evidence was 2b or higher according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine scale on 14 occasions. The degree of the recommendation was A in two recommendations, C in one, and D in the rest. It was considered important to make recommendations on aspects with lower levels of evidence. Conclusions: This is a practical document to supplement the summary of product characteristics (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Produtos Biológicos/imunologia , Produtos Biológicos/metabolismo , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Análise Custo-Eficiência , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas/economia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/economia , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/organização & administração
19.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 72(1): 43-50, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22562983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite methotrexate, to compare the efficacy of adding tocilizumab to that of switching to tocilizumab monotherapy. METHODS: Double-blind, 2-year study in which adults with active RA (DAS28 >4.4) despite methotrexate were randomly assigned either to continue methotrexate with the addition of tocilizumab (MTX+TCZ) 8 mg/kg every 4 weeks or switch to tocilizumab and placebo (TCZ+PBO). The primary endpoint was the DAS28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) remission rate at week 24. Secondary objectives included other symptomatic outcomes, quality of life and progression of structural damage. RESULTS: Of 556 randomly assigned patients, 512 (92%) completed 24 weeks. DAS28-ESR remission rates were 40.4% for TCZ+MTX and 34.8% for TCZ+PBO (p=0.19); American College of Rheumatology 20/50/70/90 rates were 71.5%/45.5%/24.5%/5.8% (TCZ+MTX) and 70.3%/40.2%/25.4%/5.1% (TCZ+PBO; differences not significant). A significant difference between groups was seen for low DAS28 (61.7% vs 51.4%). Radiographic progression was small and not different between groups (Genant-Sharp score progression ≤ smallest detectable change in 91% (TCZ+MTX) and 87% (TCZ+PBO)). Rates per 100 patient-years of serious adverse events and serious infections were 21 and six, respectively, for TCZ+MTX and 18 and six, respectively, for TCZ+PBO. Alanine aminotransferase elevations greater than threefold the upper limit of normal occurred in 7.8% and 1.2% of TCZ+MTX and TCZ+PBO patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: No clinically relevant superiority of the TCZ+MTX add-on strategy over the switch to tocilizumab monotherapy strategy was observed. The combination was more commonly associated with transaminase increases. Meaningful clinical and radiographic responses were achieved with both strategies, suggesting that tocilizumab monotherapy might be a valuable treatment strategy in suitable RA patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia
20.
Reumatol Clin ; 9(1): 5-17, 2013 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22766432

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical evidence on abatacept and to formulate recommendations in order to clear up points related to its use in rheumatology. METHOD: An expert panel of rheumatologists objectively summarized the evidence on the mechanism of action, practicalities, effectiveness and safety of abatacept, and formulated recommendations following a literature review. The level of evidence and degree of recommendation was established. RESULTS: The document presents 21 statements focused on evidence or recommendations on abatacept (14 evidence summaries and 9 recommendations). The level of evidence was 2b or higher according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine scale on 14 occasions. The degree of the recommendation was A in two recommendations, C in one, and D in the rest. It was considered important to make recommendations on aspects with lower levels of evidence. CONCLUSIONS: This is a practical document to supplement the summary of product characteristics.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoconjugados/uso terapêutico , Abatacepte , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Contraindicações , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Infusões Intravenosas
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