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1.
JBJS Case Connect ; 10(3): e1900666, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910619

RESUMO

CASE: We present a case involving a 26-year-old male who sustained an iatrogenic injury to the right popliteal artery and vein during open fibular collateral ligament reconstruction. The lesions were repaired immediately and required subsequent procedures on postoperative day 1. CONCLUSIONS: Iatrogenic vascular injuries during knee surgery can be devastating for patients and may lead to increased medical costs, unexpected hospital admissions, and additional surgical procedures. Surgeons should scrutinize preoperative imaging to identify the anatomic location of the popliteal artery and vein, which may be at risk during posterolateral knee reconstruction.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Traumatismos do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/lesões , Veia Poplítea/lesões , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Adulto , Ligamentos Colaterais/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Humanos , Doença Iatrogênica , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia
2.
JBJS Case Connect ; 9(4): e0263, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609748

RESUMO

UPDATE: This article was updated on December 17, 2019, because a new reference was added post-publication. This new reference (Niemeier TE, Leddy LR, Chapin RW, Smith TM. Metachronous Aneurysmal Bone Cysts in a Fourteen-Year-Old Girl: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. JBJS Case Connect. 2013 Jun 12;3[2 Suppl 8]:1-7) has been inserted as reference 26, and the original references 26 and 29 through 35 have been renumbered accordingly. Additionally, Table I and several passages in the text have been updated to reflect the addition of the new reference. Specifically, in Table I, the study by Niemeier et al. has been inserted as the fifth row between the "Amer et al." and "Current case" rows. On page 3, the text that had read "To our knowledge, there are only 4 published cases of metachronous, polyostotic ABCs in 4 male patients-. The longest documented interval between clinical presentation of the first and second lesions is 15 years, whereas the shortest interval is 15 months." now reads "To our knowledge, there are only 5 published cases of metachronous, polyostotic ABCs in 4 male patients and 1 female patient-. The longest documented interval between clinical presentation of the first and second lesions is 15 years, whereas the shortest interval is 3 months." On page 7, the passage that had read "However, to our knowledge, there are only 4 published cases of metachronous, polyostotic ABCs, and all patients were males-. The current case demonstrates that females may also develop polyostotic disease. None of the 4 previously reported cases of metachronous, polyostotic ABCs demonstrated a previous history of malignancy-." now reads "However, to our knowledge, there are only 5 published cases of metachronous, polyostotic ABCs with only 1 case describing lesions in a female patient-. This is the second case demonstrating that females may also develop polyostotic disease. None of the 5 previously reported cases of metachronous, polyostotic ABCs demonstrated a previous history of malignancy-." Also on page 7, the sentence that had read "Metachronous ABCs are rare and have been reported to present anywhere from 15 months to 15 years after diagnosis of the initial lesion,." now reads "Metachronous ABCs are rare and have been reported to present anywhere from 3 months to 15 years after diagnosis of the initial lesion-."An erratum has been published: JBJS Case Connect. 2019 Dec 26;9(4):e0263ER. CASE: We present a case involving an adolescent female who developed metachronous, polyostotic aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) of the left hemipelvis and left proximal tibia within a 16-month interval. At age 12 years, the left periacetabular ABC was initially treated with selective arterial embolization and percutaneous sclerotherapy, followed by intralesional curettage and bone grafting. At age 14 years, the left proximal tibia ABC was treated with intralesional curettage, bone grafting, and prophylactic internal fixation. She showed no evidence of recurrence of either lesion after 32 and 12 months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Metachronous, polyostotic ABCs may occur in females. Metachronous lesions may present years after the initial ABC; therefore, additional imaging to rule out polyostotic disease is not indicated in the routine management of a solitary ABC. Patients with multiple ABCs should be managed by following the standard approach for treatment of each lesion.


Assuntos
Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/cirurgia , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/cirurgia , Escleroterapia/métodos , Adolescente , Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/patologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Tíbia/patologia , Tíbia/cirurgia
3.
Sci Rep ; 4: 3583, 2014 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24394808

RESUMO

Photonic quantum simulators are promising candidates for providing insight into other small- to medium-sized quantum systems. Recent experiments have shown that photonic quantum systems have the advantage to exploit quantum interference for the quantum simulation of the ground state of Heisenberg spin systems. Here we experimentally characterize this quantum interference at a tuneable beam splitter and further investigate the measurement-induced interactions of a simulated four-spin system by comparing the entanglement dynamics using pairwise concurrence. We also study theoretically a four-site square lattice with next-nearest neighbor interactions and a six-site checkerboard lattice, which might be in reach of current technology.

4.
Opt Express ; 20(21): 23126-37, 2012 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23188277

RESUMO

We present a high-fidelity quantum teleportation experiment over a high-loss free-space channel between two laboratories. We teleported six states of three mutually unbiased bases and obtained an average state fidelity of 0.82(1), well beyond the classical limit of 2/3. With the obtained data, we tomographically reconstructed the process matrices of quantum teleportation. The free-space channel attenuation of 31 dB corresponds to the estimated attenuation regime for a down-link from a low-earth-orbit satellite to a ground station. We also discussed various important technical issues for future experiments, including the dark counts of single-photon detectors, coincidence-window width etc. Our experiment tested the limit of performing quantum teleportation with state-of-the-art resources. It is an important step towards future satellite-based quantum teleportation and paves the way for establishing a worldwide quantum communication network.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Ópticos , Telecomunicações/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Luz , Teoria Quântica , Espalhamento de Radiação
5.
Nature ; 489(7415): 269-73, 2012 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22951967

RESUMO

The quantum internet is predicted to be the next-generation information processing platform, promising secure communication and an exponential speed-up in distributed computation. The distribution of single qubits over large distances via quantum teleportation is a key ingredient for realizing such a global platform. By using quantum teleportation, unknown quantum states can be transferred over arbitrary distances to a party whose location is unknown. Since the first experimental demonstrations of quantum teleportation of independent external qubits, an internal qubit and squeezed states, researchers have progressively extended the communication distance. Usually this occurs without active feed-forward of the classical Bell-state measurement result, which is an essential ingredient in future applications such as communication between quantum computers. The benchmark for a global quantum internet is quantum teleportation of independent qubits over a free-space link whose attenuation corresponds to the path between a satellite and a ground station. Here we report such an experiment, using active feed-forward in real time. The experiment uses two free-space optical links, quantum and classical, over 143 kilometres between the two Canary Islands of La Palma and Tenerife. To achieve this, we combine advanced techniques involving a frequency-uncorrelated polarization-entangled photon pair source, ultra-low-noise single-photon detectors and entanglement-assisted clock synchronization. The average teleported state fidelity is well beyond the classical limit of two-thirds. Furthermore, we confirm the quality of the quantum teleportation procedure without feed-forward by complete quantum process tomography. Our experiment verifies the maturity and applicability of such technologies in real-world scenarios, in particular for future satellite-based quantum teleportation.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 109(9): 093602, 2012 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23002832

RESUMO

Amplified spontaneous emission is a common noise source in active optical systems, it is generally seen as being an incoherent process. Here we excite an ensemble of rare earth ion dopants in a solid with a π pulse, resulting in amplified spontaneous emission. The application of a second π pulse leads to a coherent echo of the amplified spontaneous emission that is correlated in both amplitude and phase. For small optical thicknesses, we see evidence that the amplified spontaneous emission and its echo are entangled.

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