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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 18(5): 3148-3157, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29442814

RESUMO

CONTEXT: as a kind of non-metal oxide SiO2 NPs have been extensively used in biomedicine, pharmaceuticals and other industrial manufacturing fields, such as DNA delivery, cancer therapy… Our group had developed a method based on microemulsion process to prepare SiO2 NPs incorporating photonic or magnetic nanocrystals and luminescent nanosized inorganic metal atom clusters. However, the toxicity of nanoparticles is known to be closely related to their physico-chemical characteristics and chemical composition. OBJECT: it is therefore of interest to investigate the toxicity of these novel SiO2 NPs to the cells that may come in contact. MATERIALS AND METHODS: the potential toxic effect of the functional @SiO2 NPs containing Mo6 clusters with or without gold nanoparticles was investigated, at concentrations 1 µg/mL, 10 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL each, on three different cell lines. Cell viability was measured by the MTT test in monolayer's culture whereas the cytotoxicity in spheroid model was examined by the APH assay. In a second time, oxidative-stress-induced cytotoxicity was investigated through glutathione levels dosages. RESULTS: the results indicated that both A549 and L929 cell lines did not exhibit susceptibility to functional @SiO2 NPs-induced oxidative stress unlike KB cells. DISCUSSION: SiO2 NPs containing CMB may become toxic to cultured cells but only at a very high dosage level. Therefore, this toxicity depends on cell lines and more, on the model of cell cultures. The selection of appropriate cell line remains a critical component in nanotoxicology. CONCLUSION: these results are relevant to future applications of SiO2 gold-cluster NPs in controlled release applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Dióxido de Silício , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ouro , Humanos , Nanopartículas , Estresse Oxidativo
2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(43): 30166-30173, 2016 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27778003

RESUMO

Bioimaging and cell labeling using red or near infrared phosphors emitting in the "therapeutic window" of biological tissues have recently become some of the most active research fields in modern medical diagnostics. However, because organic and inorganic autofluorophores are omnipresent in nature, very often the background signal from fluorochromes other than targeted probes has to be eliminated. This discrimination could be available using a time-gated luminescence microscopy (TGLM) technique associated with long lifetime phosphorescent nanocomposites. Here, we report new SiO2 nanostructured particle (50 nm in diameter) embedded luminescent nanosized [Mo6I8(C2F5COO)6]2- metal atom clusters (1 nm in diameter), successfully prepared by the microemulsion technique. This combination provides new physical insight and displays red emission in biological based solution under UV-Vis excitation with long lifetimes of around 17 and 84 µs. Moreover, the nanoparticles can be internalized by cancer cells after surface functionalization by transferrin protein and clearly imaged by TGLM under excitation at 365 nm. The nanocomposites have been mainly characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopies (SEM and HAADF-STEM), UV-Vis and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies.

3.
Chemistry ; 21(48): 17466-73, 2015 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26471940

RESUMO

Heteronuclear lanthanide-based coordination polymers are microcrystalline powders, the luminescence properties of which can be precisely tuned by judicious choice of the rare-earth ions. In this study, we demonstrate that such materials can also be obtained as stable solutions of nanoparticles in non-toxic polyols. Bulk powders of the formula [Ln2-2x Ln'2x (bdc)3 ⋅4 H2 O]∞ (where H2 bdc denotes 1,4-benzene-dicarboxylic acid, 0≤x≤1, and Ln and Ln' denote lanthanide ions of the series La to Tm plus Y) afford nanoparticles that have been characterized by dynamic light-scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements. Their luminescence properties are similar to those of the bulk materials. Stabilities versus time and versus dilution with another solvent have been studied. This study has revealed that it is possible to tune the size of the nanoparticles. This process offers a reliable means of synthesizing suspensions of nanoparticles with tunable luminescence properties and tunable size distributions in a green solvent (glycerol). The process is also extendable to other coordination polymers and other solvents (ethylene glycol, for example). It constitutes a new route for the facile solubilization of lanthanide-based coordination polymers.


Assuntos
Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Polímeros/química , Íons , Luminescência , Nanopartículas , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Soluções
4.
Anal Chem ; 87(20): 10346-53, 2015 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26383030

RESUMO

The foundation of nanoscience is that the properties of materials change as a function of their physical dimensions, and nanotechnology exploits this premise by applying selected property modifications for a specific benefit. However, to investigate the fate and effect of the engineered nanoparticles on toxic metal (TM) mobility, the analytical limitations in a natural environment remain a critical problem to overcome. Recently, a new generation of size exclusion chromatography (SEC) columns developed with spherical silica is available for pore sizes between 5 and 400 nm, allowing the analysis of nanoparticles. In this study, these columns were applied to the analysis of metal-based nanoparticles in environmental and artificial samples. The new method allows quantitative measurements of the interactions among nanoparticles, organic matter, and metals. Moreover, because of the new nanoscale SEC, our method allows the study of these interactions for different size ranges of nanoparticles and weights of organic molecules with a precision of 1.2 × 10(-2) kDa. The method was successfully applied to the study of nanomagnetite spiked in complex matrixes, such as sewage sludge, groundwater, tap water, and different artificial samples containing Leonardite humic acid and different toxic metals (i.e., As, Pb, Th). Finally, our results showed that different types of interactions, such as adsorption, stabilization, and/or destabilization of nanomagnetite could be observed using this new method.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 54(12): 6043-54, 2015 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26024151

RESUMO

For the first time, hexanuclear complexes with general chemical formula [Ln6O(OH)8(NO3)6(H2O)n](2+) with n = 12 for Ln = Sm-Lu and Y and n = 14 for Ln = Pr and Nd were stabilized as nanoaggregates in ethylene glycol (EG). These unprecedented nanoaggregates were structurally characterized by (89)Y and (1)H NMR spectroscopy, UV-vis absorption and luminescence spectroscopies, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, diffusion ordered spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and dynamic light scattering. These nanoaggregates present a 200 nm mean solvodynamic diameter. In these nanoaggregates, hexanuclear complexes are isolated and solvated by EG molecules. The replacement of ethylene glycol by 2-hydroxybenzyl alcohol provides new nanoaggregates that present an antenna effect toward lanthanide ions. This results in a significant enhancement of the luminescence properties of the aggregates and demonstrates the suitability of the strategy for obtaining highly tunable luminescent solutions.

6.
Chemistry ; 20(42): 13770-6, 2014 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25186659

RESUMO

Liquid-crystalline hybrid nanomaterials have been obtained by grafting mesogenic units around luminescent ZnO nanocrystals of 5 nm in diameter. Modifying the mesogenic density around the inorganic core allows the modulation of the liquid-crystalline behavior and its miscibility in commercial liquid crystal (LC). The strong blue photoluminescence observed for the hybrids can be modulated by applying a voltage on a LC cell containing commercial LC and 10 wt % of hybrid.

7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 424: 132-40, 2014 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24767509

RESUMO

We report on the synthesis, characterization and photophysical study of new luminescent and magnetic hybrid silica nanoparticles. Our method is based on the co-encapsulation of single maghemite γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles and luminescent molybdenum cluster units [Mo6Br(i)8Br(a)6](2-) through a water-in-oil (W/O) microemulsion technique. The as-prepared core-shell [Cs2Mo6Br14-γFe2O3]@SiO2 nanoparticles (45-53 nm) possess a single magnetic core (6, 10.5 or 15 nm) and the cluster units are dispersed in the entire volume of the silica sphere. The [Cs2Mo6Br14-γFe2O3]@SiO2 nanoparticles have a perfect spherical shape with a good monodispersity and they display red and near-infrared (NIR) emission in water under UV excitation, whose intensity depends on the magnetic core size. The hybrid nanoparticles have been characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high annular angular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy and magnetometer SQUID analysis. Small gold nanoparticles were successfully nucleated at the surface of the hybrid silica nanoparticles in order to add plasmonic properties.

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