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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(3): 892-898, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29458485

RESUMO

A strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and yellow-orange pigmented flavobacterium, designated strain 9Alg 151T, was isolated from the Pacific red alga Tichocarpus crinitus. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the novel strain fell into the genus Aquimarina of the family Flavobacteriaceae with a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity range of 94.2-98.2 % to the recognized species of the genus. Strain 9Alg 151T grew in the presence of 0.5-5 % NaCl and at 5-34 °C, and hydrolysed aesculin, agar, gelatin, starch, Tween 40, DNA and chitin. The predominant fatty acids were iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, iso-C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 1ω8c and summed feature 3. The polar lipid profile comprised phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. The major respiratory quinone was MK-6. The genomic DNA G+C content was 32.6 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence data, and chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, strain 9Alg 151T represents a novel species of the genus Aquimarina, for which the name Aquimarina algiphila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 9Alg 151T (=KCTC 23622T=KMM 6462T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Federação Russa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(2): 623-629, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303693

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain 10Alg 139T, was isolated from the Pacific red alga Ahnfeltiato buchiensis. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the novel strain belonged to the genus Polaribacter, a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae, the phylum Bacteroidetes, with highest sequence similarity to Polaribacter butkevichii KMM 3938T (99.3 %) and 93.3-98.6 % to other recognized Polaribacter species. The prevalent fatty acids of strain 10Alg 139T were iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, C15 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15:0, iso-C13 : 0, C15 : 0 and C15 : 1ω6c. The polar lipid profile consisted of the major lipids phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids. The main respiratory quinone was menaquinone 6. The DNA G+C content of the type strain is 31.8 mol%. The new isolate and the type strains of recognized species of the genus Polaribacter were readily distinguished based on a number of phenotypic characteristics. A combination of the genotypic and phenotypic data showed that the isolate from alga represents a novel species of the genus Polaribacter, for which the name Polaribacterstaleyi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 10Alg 139T (=KCTC 52773T=KMM 6729T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , Polissacarídeos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Federação Russa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(7): 2205-2210, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28699861

RESUMO

A strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain 3Alg 18T, was isolated from the Pacific green alga Ulva fenestrata. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the novel strain was affiliated to the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes, being most closely related to the type strains of recognized species of the genus Olleya, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.9-99.3 %. Strain 3Alg 18T grew in the presence of 0.5-5 % (w/v) NaCl and at 4-37 °C, and hydrolysed aesculin, casein, gelatin, starch and Tweens 20, 40 and 80. The prevalent fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, iso-C16:0 2-OH, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, summed feature 3, iso-C16 : 0 3-OH, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C15 : 0. The polar lipid profile contained phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-6. The genomic DNA G+C content was 34.6 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence data, and chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, strain 3Alg 18T represents a novel species of the genus Olleya, for which the name Olleya algicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 3Alg 18T (=KCTC 22024T=KMM 6133T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Ulva/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Federação Russa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(11): 4339-4346, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27473360

RESUMO

A strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain 7Alg 4T, was isolated from the green alga Cladophora stimpsonii. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the novel strain was affiliated to the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes, and was most closely related to the recognized species of the genera Lacinutrixand Flavirhabdus, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 95.1-98.1 and 97.0 %, respectively. Strain 7Alg 4T grew in the presence of 1-5 % NaCl and at 4-32 °C, and hydrolysed aesculin, gelatin, starch and Tween 80. The prevalent fatty acids were iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH and C15 : 0. The polar lipid profile was characterized by the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids. The major respiratory quinone was MK-6. The DNA G+C content was 31.9 mol%. On the basis of the differences in 16S rRNA gene sequences, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, it is suggested that strain 7Alg 4T represents a novel species of the genus Lacinutrix, for which the name Lacinutrixcladophorae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 7Alg 4T (=KCTC 23036T=KMM 6381T). Reclassification of Flavirhabdus iliipiscaria as Lacinutrix iliipiscaria comb. nov. and an emend of the genus Lacinutrix are also proposed.


Assuntos
Clorófitas/microbiologia , Flavobacterium/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacterium/genética , Flavobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Japão , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Arch Microbiol ; 198(3): 251-6, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26762377

RESUMO

A strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and non-motile bacterium, designated strain 6Alg 255(T), was isolated from the green alga Ulva fenestrata. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the novel strain affiliated to the family Rhodobacteraceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria being most closely related to Amylibacter marinus LMG 28364(T) with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.2 %. Strain 6Alg 255(T) grew with 0.5-6.0 % NaCl and at 4-33 °C, hydrolysed aesculin, casein, gelatin and urea. The DNA G + C content was 50.4 mol%. The prevalent fatty acids were C18:1 ω7c and C16:0. The polar lipid profile was characterized by the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and unidentified aminolipid. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10. The significant molecular distinctiveness between the novel isolate and its nearest neighbour was strongly supported by the differences in physiological and biochemical tests. Therefore, strain 6Alg 255(T) represents a novel species of the genus Amylibacter, for which the name Amylibacter ulvae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 6Alg 255(T) (=KCTC 32465(T) = KMM 6515(T)).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Ulva/microbiologia , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Especificidade da Espécie
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 65(11): 3991-3996, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26275791

RESUMO

Seven Gram-staining-negative, strictly aerobic, pale-yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped and non-motile strains were isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius collected from Troitsa Bay, Sea of Japan. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that these isolates were affiliated with the family Flavobacteriaceae. The novel isolates showed 99.9-100 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to each other and were closely related to the type strains of the recognized members of the genus Lutibacter with sequence similarities of 95.8-98.4 %. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 35-36 mol%. DNA-DNA relatedness among the sea urchin isolates was 95-99 % and between strain KMM 6277T and its most closely related type strains, Lutibacter agarilyticus KCTC 23842T and Lutibacter litoralis JCM 13034T, was 38 and 27 %, respectively. The prevalent fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (comprising iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1 ω7c fatty acids), iso-C15 : 1 and C15 : 0. The polar lipid profile was composed of the phosphatidylethanolamine, one unknown aminolipid and one unknown lipid. The main respiratory isoprenoid quinone was MK-6.The results of phylogenetic, phenotypic and genotypic analyses indicated that the novel strains represent a novel species within the genus Lutibacter, for which the name Lutibacter holmesii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6277T ( = CCUG 62221T = LMG 26737T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Strongylocentrotus/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Japão , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 65(10): 3652-7, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26219946

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, moderately halophilic and gliding bacterium, designated KMM 6491T, was isolated from coastal seawater collected from Troitsa Bay, the Sea of Japan. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain KMM 6491T was a member of the genus Winogradskyella, with 94.5­97.9 % sequence similarity to recognized species of the genus Winogradskyella. The DNA G+C content of strain KMM 6491T was 31.3 mol% and DNA­DNA relatedness values with the type strains of Winogradskyella echinorum, Winogradskyella damuponensis, Winogradskyella eximia and Winogradskyella pulchriflava were in range of 10­26 %. Strain KMM 6491T contained menaquinone 6 (MK-6) as the single quinone and iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (comprising iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c) anteiso-C15 : 0, as the prevalent fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain KMM 6491T were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unknown aminolipids and two unknown lipids. Strain KMM 6491T was able to grow with 0.5­7 % NaCl and at 4­34 °C. The novel strain decomposed gelatin and starch and produced acid from d-glucose, maltose, mannose, rhamnose, sucrose, fructose and glycerol. On the basis of the results of the phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses it is suggested that strain KMM 6491T represents a novel species of the genus Winogradskyella, for which the name Winogradskyella litoriviva sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6491T ( = KCTC 23972T = LMG 26984T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Japão , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Arch Microbiol ; 196(10): 745-52, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25002135

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain 10Alg 130(T), that displayed the ability to destroy polysaccharides of red and brown algae, was isolated from the red alga Ahnfeltia tobuchiensis. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence placed the novel strain within the genus Flavobacterium, the type genus of the family Flavobacteriaceae, the phylum Bacteroidetes, with sequence similarities of 96.2 and 95.7 % to Flavobacterium jumunjiense KCTC 23618(T) and Flavobacterium ponti CCUG 58402(T), and 95.3-92.5 % to other recognized Flavobacterium species. The prevalent fatty acids of strain 10Alg 130(T) were iso-C15:0, iso-C15:0 3-OH, iso-C17:0 3-OH, C15:0 and iso-C17:1ω9c. The polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, two unknown aminolipids and three unknown lipids. The DNA G+C content of the type strain was 34.3 mol%. The new isolate and the type strains of recognized species of the genus Flavobacterium could strongly be distinguished by a number of phenotypic characteristics. A combination of the genotypic and phenotypic data showed that the algal isolate represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium ahnfeltiae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 10Alg 130(T) (=KCTC 32467(T) = KMM 6686(T)).


Assuntos
Flavobacterium/classificação , Flavobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacterium/genética , Flavobacterium/metabolismo , Genes de RNAr , Lipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 106(3): 421-9, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24929933

RESUMO

A facultatively anaerobic, Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped and yellow pigmented bacterium, designated strain IDSW-73(T), was isolated from a seawater sample and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the novel strain formed a distinct phyletic line in the family Flavobacteriaceae and is most closely related to the members of the genus Leeuwenhoekiella, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 91.4-92.6 %. Strain IDSW-73(T) was found to be able to grow with 0-12 % NaCl and at 4-33 °C; and was able to hydrolyse gelatin, starch and Tweens 20, 40 and 80. The DNA G+C content was determined to be 42.2 mol%. The predominant cellular fatty acids were identified as branched-chain saturated and unsaturated and straight-chain unsaturated fatty acids such as iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1, iso-C17:1 ω9c, C15:1 ω6c, iso-C15:0 3-OH, iso-C17:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (as defined by MIDI), comprising iso-C15:0 2-OH and/or C16:1 ω7c. The polar lipids found were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unknown aminolipids and one unknown lipid. The major respiratory quinone was identified as MK-6. The significant molecular distinctiveness between the novel isolate and its nearest neighbours were strongly supported by notable differences in physiological and biochemical tests. Therefore, strain IDSW-73(T) is considered to represent a novel genus and species within the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Flavimarina pacifica gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IDSW-73(T) (=KCTC 32466(T) = KMM 6759(T)). Emended descriptions of the recognized species of the genus Leeuwenhoekiella are also proposed.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Aerobiose , Anaerobiose , Organismos Aquáticos/classificação , Organismos Aquáticos/genética , Organismos Aquáticos/isolamento & purificação , Organismos Aquáticos/fisiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Análise por Conglomerados , Citosol/química , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/fisiologia , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , Pigmentos Biológicos/análise , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Temperatura
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 63(Pt 11): 4124-9, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23771619

RESUMO

A strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated KMM 6208(T), was isolated from a sea urchin. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that this novel isolate was affiliated to the class Gammaproteobacteria and formed a robust cluster with Arenicella xantha KMM 3895(T) with 98.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. Strain KMM 6208(T) grew in the presence of 0.5-5 % NaCl and at a temperature range of 4-38 °C. The isolate was oxidase-positive and hydrolysed aesculin, casein, chitin, gelatin, starch and Tweens 40 and 80. The prevalent fatty acids of strain KMM 6208(T) were C16 : 1ω7c, iso-C16 : 0, iso-C18 : 0, C18 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0. The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified aminophospholipid, and the major isoprenoid quinone was Q-8. The DNA G+C content of strain KMM 6208(T) was 46.3 mol%. The DNA-DNA relatedness value of strain KMM 6208(T) with Arenicella xantha KMM 3895(T) was 5 %. Molecular data in a combination with phenotypic findings strongly suggest inclusion of this novel strain in the genus Arenicella as a representative of a novel species for which the name Arenicella chitinivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6208(T) ( = KCTC 12711(T) = LMG 26983(T)).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Strongylocentrotus/microbiologia , Animais , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Japão , Dados de Sequência Molecular , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
11.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 103(6): 1263-9, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23525880

RESUMO

A strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and red-orange pigmented bacterium, designated strain KMM 6395(T), was isolated from the green alga Cladophora stimpsoni and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the novel strain affiliated to the family Hyphomonadaceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria being most closely related to the type strain of the single species of the genus Litorimonas, Litorimonas taeanensis G5(T), with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 96.8 %. Strain KMM 6395(T) grew with 1-5 % NaCl and at 4-35 °C, hydrolysed starch and Tween 80. The DNA G+C content was 48.7 mol%. The prevalent fatty acids were C18:1 ω7c, C19:1 ω8c and C18:1 ω7c 10-methyl. The polar lipid profile was characterized by the presence of phosphatidylglycerol, monoglycosyldiglyceride, glucuronopyranosyldiglyceride and an unidentified glycolipid. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10. The significant molecular distinctiveness between the novel isolate and its nearest neighbour, L. taeanensis G5(T), were strongly supported by the differences in physiological and biochemical tests. Therefore, strain KMM 6395(T) represents a novel species of the genus Litorimonas, for which the name Litorimonas cladophorae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6395(T) (=KCTC 23968(T) = LMG 26985(T)). The emended descriptions of the genus Litorimonas and L. taeaensis are also provided.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Clorófitas/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/fisiologia , Organismos Aquáticos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Sequência de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos , Japão , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Oceano Pacífico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 103(1): 69-77, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22945862

RESUMO

A novel Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic and motile bacterial strain, designated KMM 6351(T), was isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius and examined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the strain formed a distinct phyletic line in the class Gammaproteobacteria and was most closely related to the genera Aliivibrio, Photobacterium and Vibrio. Strain KMM 6351(T) grows at 4-40 °C and with 0.5-12 % NaCl and decomposes aesculin, agar, gelatin, starch, chitin and DNA. The DNA G+C content of the strain was determined to be 46.1 mol%. The prevalent fatty acids were found to be C(16:0), C(18:1) ω7c, C(12:0) 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C(16:1) ω7c and/or iso-C(15:0) 2-OH fatty acids). The major polar lipids were determined to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified aminolipid. The predominant ubiquinone was found to be Q-8. The results of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic analyses clearly indicated that the novel strain should be assigned to a new genus and species within the class γ-Proteobacteria for which the name Echinimonas agarilytica gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6351(T) (=KCTC 22996(T) = LMG 25420(T)).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Ouriços-do-Mar/microbiologia , Aerobiose , Anaerobiose , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/fisiologia , Locomoção , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Temperatura , Ubiquinona/análise
13.
Curr Microbiol ; 66(1): 16-21, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23053482

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain 6Alg 8(T), was isolated from the common Pacific green alga Ulva fenestrata. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence placed the novel strain within the genus Polaribacter, a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae, the phylum Bacteroidetes, with sequence similarities of 97.6 % to Polaribacter dokdonensis DSW-5(T) and 92.8-96.1 % to other recognized Polaribacter species. The prevalent fatty acids of strain 6Alg 8(T) were iso-C(15:0), iso-C(15:1), iso-C(15:0) 2-OH, C(15:0) and C(15:1)ω6. The polar lipid profile consisted of the major lipids phosphatidylethanolamine, two unknown aminolipids and one unknown lipid. The DNA G+C content of the type strain is 31.6 mol%. The new isolate and the type strains of recognized species of the genus Polaribacter were readily distinguished based on a number of phenotypic characteristics. A combination of the genotypic and phenotypic data showed that the algal isolate represents a novel species of the genus Polaribacter, for which the name Polaribacter reichenbachii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 6Alg 8(T) (= KCTC 23969(T) = KMM 6386(T) = LMG 26443(T)).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ulva/microbiologia , Organismos Aquáticos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/fisiologia , Locomoção , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , Pigmentos Biológicos/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 63(Pt 1): 93-7, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22345135

RESUMO

An aerobic, halotolerant, Gram-negative bacterium was isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius and subjected to taxonomic characterization. The strain, designated KMM 6042(T), was rod-shaped, motile and yellow-pigmented. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the strain was most closely related to the type strain of Altererythrobacter dongtanensis, and the level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the two was 99.0 %. However, the DNA-DNA relatedness between the two strains was 34.4 ± 7.6 %. Physiological and chemotaxonomic properties clearly distinguished the novel strain from other species of the genus Altererythrobacter. It is thus evident from the phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses that strain KMM 6042(T) merits recognition as a novel species of the genus Altererythrobacter, for which the name Altererythrobacter troitsensis sp. nov. (type strain, KMM 6042(T) = KCTC 12303(T) = JCM 17037(T)) is proposed.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Strongylocentrotus/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Arch Microbiol ; 194(3): 215-21, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22102083

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, designated KMM 6244(T), was isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic investigation. The bacterium was found to be heterotrophic, aerobic, non-motile and spore-forming. Comparative phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing placed the marine isolate in the genus Bacillus. The nearest neighbor of strain KMM 6244(T) was Bacillus decolorationis LMG 19507(T) with a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.0%. Sequence similarities with the other recognized Bacillus species were less than 96.0%. The results of the DNA-DNA hybridization experiments revealed a low relatedness (37%) of the novel isolate with the type strain of B. decolorationis LMG 19507(T). Strain KMM 6244(T) grew at 4-45°C and with 0-12% NaCl. It produced catalase and oxidase and hydrolyzed aesculin, casein, gelatin and DNA. The predominant fatty acids were anteiso-C(15:0), iso-C(15:0), anteiso-C(17:0), C(15:0), iso-C(16:0) and iso-C(14:0). The DNA G + C content was 39.4 mol%. A combination of phylogenetic, genotypic and phenotypic data clearly indicated that strain KMM 6244(T) represents a novel species in the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus berkeleyi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6244(T) (KCTC 12718(T) = LMG 26357(T)).


Assuntos
Bacillus/classificação , Filogenia , Strongylocentrotus/microbiologia , Animais , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Genes de RNAr , Genótipo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 62(Pt 7): 1450-6, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21841007

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, slightly halophilic bacterium that was motile by gliding, designated KMM 6390(T), was isolated from the coastal green alga Ulva fenestrata collected from the Sea of Japan. A comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain KMM 6390(T) was a member of the genus Winogradskyella, with Winogradskyella echinorum KMM 6211(T) as its closest relative (97.8% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between the isolate and other members of the genus Winogradskyella were 95.4-96.7%. DNA-DNA relatedness between the isolate and W. echinorum KMM 6211(T) was 27%. Strain KMM 6390(T) was able to grow with 0.5-4.0% NaCl and at 4-37 °C. The isolate decomposed casein, gelatin, starch and DNA and produced acid from galactose, D-glucose, lactose and maltose. The major fatty acids were iso-C(15:0), iso-C(15:1), anteiso-C(15:0) and C(15:0). The polar lipid profile comprised phosphatidylethanolamine and two unknown aminolipids. The DNA G+C content was 34.2 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic investigations, strain KMM 6390(T) represents a novel species of the genus Winogradskyella, for which the name Winogradskyella ulvae sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is KMM 6390(T) (=KCTC 23626(T)=LMG 26444(T)). Emended descriptions of the genus Winogradskyella and of W. thalassocola, W. echinorum, W. exilis and W. eximia are also provided.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Alga Marinha/microbiologia , Anaerobiose , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/fisiologia , Japão , Locomoção , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Temperatura
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 62(Pt 3): 569-74, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21515707

RESUMO

The taxonomic position of two strains of a novel heterotrophic, strictly aerobic, Gram-negative, gliding, dark-orange-pigmented bacterium, designated KMM 6217(T) and KMM 6332, was determined. The strains grew at 10-40 °C and with 0.5-8.0% NaCl. They were catalase- and oxidase-positive, produced flexirubin-type pigments and hydrolysed aesculin, gelatin, starch, Tween 80 and DNA. The predominant fatty acids were iso-C(15:1), iso-C(15:0), C(15:0), summed feature 3 (comprising iso-C(15:0) 2-OH and/or C(16:1)ω7c) and iso-C(17:0) 3-OH. The polar lipid profile comprised phosphatidylethanolamine as the major component, three unknown aminolipids and one unknown lipid. The DNA G+C content was 34.7-34.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the novel isolates could be placed in the family Flavobacteriaceae. The nearest neighbours of strains KMM 6217(T) and KMM 6332 were members of the genera Bizionia, Formosa, Lacinutrix, Meridianimaribacter, Mesoflavibacter and Winogradskyella, with sequence similarities to the type strains of species of these genera of 92.8-95.2, 93.7-94.5, 94.1-94.7, 94.9, 94.6 and 93.5-94.4%, respectively. Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strains KMM 6217(T) and KMM 6332 should be classified as representatives of a novel species in a new genus in the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum 'Bacteroidetes', for which the name Corallibacter vietnamensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is KMM 6217(T) (=JCM 17525(T)=KCTC 23026(T)).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/fisiologia , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , Pigmentos Biológicos/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Temperatura
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 61(Pt 11): 2654-8, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21148671

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, yellow-pigmented, gliding, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterium (RA5-111(T)) was isolated from foreshore soil. The taxonomic status of the novel isolate was determined using a polyphasic approach. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, strain RA5-111(T) could be assigned to the genus Gramella, with sequence similarities of 97.7, 97.3 and 96.2 % to the type strains of Gramella echinicola, Gramella portivictoriae and Gramella marina, respectively. Chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics also supported the affiliation of strain RA5-111(T) with the genus Gramella. The genomic DNA G+C content was 39.1 mol%. The isolate contained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone, iso-C(15 : 0), iso-C(17 : 0) 3-OH and a summed feature (iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c) as major fatty acids, and phosphatidylethanolamine and unknown phospholipids as the polar lipids. DNA-DNA relatedness, phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic data clearly indicate that the isolate represents a novel species of the genus Gramella, for which the name Gramella gaetbulicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RA5-111(T) ( = KCTC 23022(T) = JCM 16528(T) = NBRC 106272(T)).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 60(Pt 12): 2799-802, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20081026

RESUMO

The taxonomic position of a novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, heterotrophic, gliding, yellow-orange-pigmented bacterium, isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius and designated strain KMM 6048(T), was established. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the isolate was a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae affiliated with recognized species of the genus Gramella, forming a distinct lineage within the genus. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between strain KMM 6048(T) and the type strains of species of the genus Gramella were 97.4-98.4 %. In line with representative members of the genus Gramella, strain KMM 6048(T) was oxidase- and catalase-positive, hydrolysed gelatin and starch, utilized carbohydrates and possessed a DNA G+C content of 40.0mol%. However, differentiating phenotypic traits and phylogenetic distinctiveness clearly indicated that the strain represented a novel species within the genus Gramella, for which the name Gramella marina sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is KMM 6048(T) (=KCTC 12366(T)=LMG 25418(T)).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Strongylocentrotus/microbiologia , Animais , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 60(Pt 4): 928-31, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19661492

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, designated KMM 6177(T), was isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic investigation. The bacterium was found to be heterotrophic, aerobic, non-motile by gliding and orange-pigmented. Comparative phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing placed the marine isolate in the genus Bizionia, a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 94.9-98.6 % with recognized Bizionia species. Strain KMM 6177(T) grew at 4-39 degrees C and with 1-8 % NaCl. It produced alkaline phosphatase, catalase and oxidase and hydrolysed aesculin, gelatin, DNA and Tween 20. The predominant fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 1), iso-C(15 : 0), iso-C(15 : 0) 3-OH, iso-C(17 : 0) 3-OH and a summed feature (comprising iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and/or C(16 : 1)omega7c). The DNA G+C content was 34.4 mol%. A combination of phylogenetic, genotypic and phenotypic data clearly indicated that strain KMM 6177(T) represents a novel species in the genus Bizionia, for which the name Bizionia echini sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6177(T) (=KCTC 22015(T)=LMG 25220(T)).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ouriços-do-Mar/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Ribossômico/análise , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/fisiologia , Genes de RNAr , Genótipo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fenótipo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
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