Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 25
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Inorg Chem ; 58(24): 16434-16444, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749359

RESUMO

Accurate determination of the spin Hamiltonian parameters in transition-metal complexes with large zero-field splitting (ZFS) is an actual challenge in studying magnetic and spectroscopic properties of high-spin transition metal complexes. Recent critical papers have convincingly shown that previous determinations of these parameters, based only on the magnetic data, have low accuracy and reliability. A combination of X-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and SQUID magnetometry seems to be a more convincing and accurate approach. However, even in this case, the accuracy of the determination of the spin Hamiltonian parameters is strongly limited. In this work, we propose a purely spectroscopic approach, in which three complementary EPR spectroscopic techniques are used to unambiguously with high accuracy determine the spin Hamiltonian parameters for transition-metal complexes with S = 3/2. The applicability of this approach is demonstrated by analyzing the new quasi-octahedral high-spin Co(II) complex [Co(hfac)2(bpy)] (I). Along with the conventional X-band EPR spectroscopy, we also use such advanced techniques as multi-high-frequency EPR spectroscopy (MHF-EPR) and frequency-domain Fourier-transform THz-EPR (FD-FT THz-EPR). We demonstrate that the experimental data derived from the X-band and MHF-EPR EPR spectra allow determination of the g tensor (gx = 2.388, gy = 2.417, gz = 2.221) and the ZFS rhombicity parameter E/D = 0.158. The axial ZFS parameter D = 37.1 cm-1 is measured for I with the aid of FD-FT THZ-EPR spectroscopy, which is able to detect the high-energy EPR transition between the two Kramers doublets. CASSCF/NEVPT2 quantum-chemical calculations of magnetic parameters and magnetic direct current (dc) measurements are performed as well as testing options, and the results obtained in these ways are in good agreement with those derived using the proposed spectroscopic approach.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 58(20): 14228-14237, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599581

RESUMO

Ferric hangman porphyrins are bioinspired models for haem hydroperoxidase enzymes featuring an acid/base group in close vicinity to the metal center, which results in improved catalytic activity for reactions requiring O-O bond activation. These functional biomimics are examined herein with a combination of EPR techniques to determine the effects of the hanging group on the electronics of the ferric center. These results are compared to those for ferric octaethylporphyrin chloride [Fe(OEP)Cl], tetramesitylporphyrin chloride [Fe(TMP)Cl], and the pentafluorophenyl derivative [Fe(TPFPP)Cl], which were also examined herein to study the electronic effects of various substituents. Frequency-domain Fourier-transform THz-EPR combined with field domain EPR in a broad frequency range from 9.5 to 629 GHz allowed the determination of zero-field splitting parameters, revealing minor rhombicity E/D and D values in a narrow range of 6.24(8) to 6.85(5) cm-1. Thus, the hangman porphyrins display D values in the expected range for ferric porphyrin chlorides, though D appears to be correlated with the Fe-Cl bond length. Extrapolating this trend to the ferric hangman porphyrin chlorides, for which no crystal structure has been reported, indicates a slightly elongated Fe-Cl bond length compared to the non-hangman equivalent.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(16): 11256-11268, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385695

RESUMO

The magnetism of the mixed-valence high-spin cluster [Mn18SrO8(N3)7Cl(MedhmpH)12(MeCN)6]Cl2 (1) exhibiting intramolecular ferromagnetic interactions was studied using inelastic neutron scattering (INS), and reliable values for the exchange coupling constants were determined based on the quality of simultaneous fits to the INS and magnetic data. The challenge of the huge size of the Hilbert space (3 375 000) and many exchange coupling constants (7 assuming a C3 symmetry) generally encountered in large spin clusters was resolved as follows: (a) The results of the restricted Hilbert space ferromagnetic cluster spin wave theory were compared to the experimental spectroscopic data. The observed INS transitions were thus assigned to spin wave excitations in a bounded ferromagnetic spin cluster and moreover could be visualized in a straightforward way based on this theory. (b) Simultaneously, Quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) calculations of the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility with the same parameter set were compared to the experimental data. Application of state-of-the-art QMC algorithms, as available in the open source ALPS package, in ferromagnetic clusters avoids the full Hamiltonian diagonalization without sacrificing calculation accuracy of the magnetic susceptibility down to the lowest temperatures, which was crucial for the successful analysis. The combined fits revealed two exchange-coupling models with equally good overall agreement to the data. Our preferred model was inspired by magnetostructural correlations and is consistent with them. The model involves three different exchange interactions, one describing the interaction between the core MnIII spins Ja = 14.3(1.0) K and two interactions linking the core and the peripheral MnII spins: Jb = 8.3(4) K and J6 = 3.6(4) K. The use of open-source QMC software and our systematic approach to fitting multiple sets of data obtained by different experimental techniques are described in detail and are generally applicable for understanding large ferromagnetically coupled clusters.

5.
Chem Sci ; 10(25): 6354-6361, 2019 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341591

RESUMO

The magnetic properties of 3d monometallic complexes can be tuned through geometric control, owing to their synthetic accessibility and relative structural simplicity. Monodentate ligands offer great potential for fine-tuning the coordination environment to engineer both the axial and rhombic zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters. In [CoCl3(DABCO)(HDABCO)] (1), the trigonal bipyramidal Co(ii) centre has two bulky axial ligands and three equatorial chloride ligands. An in-depth experimental and theoretical study of 1 reveals a large easy-plane magnetic anisotropy (+ve D) with a negligible rhombic zero-field splitting (E) due to the strict axial symmetry imposed by the C 3 symmetric ligand and trigonal space group. The large easy-plane magnetic anisotropy (D = +44.5 cm-1) is directly deduced using high-field EPR and frequency-domain magnetic resonance (FDMR) studies. Ab initio calculations reveal a large positive contribution to the D term arising from ground state/excited state mixing of the 4E'' states at ∼4085 cm-1 and a minor contribution from the spin-flip transition as well. The nature of the slow relaxation in 1 is elucidated through analysis of the rates of relaxation of magnetisation, taking into account Raman and direct spin-lattice relaxation processes and Quantum Tunnelling of the Magnetisation (QTM). The terms relating to the direct process and QTM were found based on the fit of the field-dependence of τ at 2 K. Subsequently, these were used as fixed parameters in the fit of the temperature-dependence of τ to obtain the Raman terms. This experimental-theoretical investigation provides further insight into the power of FDMR and ab initio methods for the thorough investigation of magnetic anisotropy. Thus, these results contribute to design criteria for high magnetic anisotropy systems.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 58(15): 9562-9566, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283191

RESUMO

The slow magnetic relaxation of CoII ions in the elusive intermediate geometry between the trigonal prism and antiprism has been studied on the new [Co2L3]4+ and [CoZnL3]4+ coordination helicates [L is a bis(pyrazolylpyridine) ligand]. Solution paramagnetic 1H NMR and solid-state magnetization measurements unveil single-molecule-magnet behavior with small axial anisotropy, as predicted previously.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(16): 8201-8204, 2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950488

RESUMO

Here we report a combined use of THz-EPR and NMR spectroscopy for obtaining a detailed electronic structure of a long-known high-spin complex, cobalt(ii) bis[tris(pyrazolyl)borate]. The lowest inter-Kramers transition was directly measured by THz-EPR spectroscopy, while the energies of higher Kramers doublets were estimated by a recently proposed NMR-based approach. Together, they produced magnetic parameters for a full model that explicitly includes spin-orbit coupling. This approach is applicable to all transition metal ions for which the spin-orbit coupling cannot be treated perturbatively.

8.
Chemphyschem ; 20(8): 1001-1005, 2019 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897255

RESUMO

Herein, we report a new trigonal prismatic cobalt(II) complex that behaves as a single molecule magnet. The obtained zero-field splitting, which is also directly accessed by THz-EPR spectroscopy (-102.5 cm-1 ), results in a large magnetization reversal barrier U of 205 cm-1 . Its effective value, however, is much lower (101 cm-1 ), even though there is practically no contribution from quantum tunneling to magnetization relaxation.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 57(24): 15330-15340, 2018 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30495930

RESUMO

Zero-field splitting (ZFS) of three high-spin Co(I) ( S = 1) clathrochelate complexes was determined by frequency-domain Fourier-transform THz-EPR (FD-FT THz-EPR). The following axial and rhombic ZFS values ( D and E, respectively) were determined: [N( n-Bu)4]CoI(GmCl2)3(BPh)2 (1, D/ hc = +16.43(1) cm-1, E/ hc = 0.0(1) cm-1), [P(Me2N)4]CoI(GmCl2)3(BPh)2 (2, D/ hc = +16.67(4) cm-1, E/ hc = 0.0(1) cm-1), and [P(C6H5)4]CoI(GmCl2)3(BPh)2 (3, D/ hc = +16.72(2) cm-1, E/ hc = 0.24(3) cm-1). Complementary susceptibility χ T measurements and quantum chemistry calculations on 1 revealed hard-axis-type magnetic anisotropy and allowed for a correlation of ZFS and the electronic structure. Increased rhombicity of 3 as compared to 1 and 2 was assigned to symmetry changes of the ligand structure induced by the change of the counterion. 1 and 3 exhibited temperature-dependent ZFS values. Possible reasons for this phenomenon, such as structural changes and weak chain-like intermolecular antiferromagnetic interactions, are discussed.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(30): 9387-9391, 2018 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29882390

RESUMO

Oxoiron(IV) units are often implicated as intermediates in the catalytic cycles of non-heme iron oxygenases and oxidases. The most reactive synthetic analogues of these intermediates are supported by tetradentate tripodal ligands with N-methylbenzimidazole or quinoline donors, but their instability precludes structural characterization. Herein we report crystal structures of two [FeIV (O)(L)]2+ complexes supported by pentadentate ligands incorporating these heterocycles, which show longer average Fe-N distances than the complex with only pyridine donors. These longer distances correlate linearly with log k2 ' values for O- and H-atom transfer rates, suggesting that weakening the ligand field increases the electrophilicity of the Fe=O center. The sterically bulkier quinoline donors are also found to tilt the Fe=O unit away from a linear N-Fe=O arrangement by 10°.

11.
J Magn Reson ; 280: 10-19, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28579095

RESUMO

We describe frequency-domain Fourier-transform THz-EPR as a method to assign spin-coupling parameters of high-spin (S>1/2) systems with very large zero-field splittings. The instrumental foundations of synchrotron-based FD-FT THz-EPR are presented, alongside with a discussion of frequency-domain EPR simulation routines. The capabilities of this approach is demonstrated for selected mono- and multinuclear HS systems. Finally, we discuss remaining challenges and give an outlook on the future prospects of the technique.

12.
Chemistry ; 23(48): 11649-11661, 2017 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28605076

RESUMO

Three new closely related CoII YIII complexes of general formula [Co(µ-L)(µ-X)Y(NO3 )2 ] (X- =NO3- 1, benzoate 2, or 9-anthracenecarboxylato 3) have been prepared with the compartmental ligand N,N',N''-trimethyl-N,N''-bis(2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-5-methylbenzyl)diethylenetriamine (H2 L). In these complexes, CoII and YIII are triply bridged by two phenoxide groups belonging to the di-deprotonated ligand (L2- ) and one ancillary anion X- . The change of the ancillary bridging group connecting CoII and YIII ions induces small differences in the trigonally distorted CoN3 O3 coordination sphere with a concomitant tuning of the magnetic anisotropy and intermolecular interactions. Direct current magnetic, high-frequency and -field EPR (HFEPR), frequency domain Fourier transform THz electron paramagnetic resonance (FD-FT THz-EPR) measurements, and ab initio theoretical calculations demonstrate that CoII ions in compounds 1-3 have large and positive D values (≈50 cm-1 ), which decrease with increasing the distortion of the pseudo-octahedral CoII coordination sphere. Dynamic ac magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that compound 1 exhibits field-induced single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior, whereas compounds 2 and 3 only display this behavior when they are magnetically diluted with diamagnetic ZnII (Zn/Co=10:1). In view of this, it is always advisable to use magnetically diluted complexes, in which intermolecular interactions and quantum tunneling of magnetism (QTM) would be at least partly suppressed, so that "hidden single-ion magnet (SIM)" behavior could emerge. Field- and temperature-dependence of the relaxation times indicate the prevalence of the Raman process in all these complexes above approximately 3 K.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 56(8): 4752-4769, 2017 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28379707

RESUMO

High-oxidation-state metal complexes with multiply bonded ligands are of great interest for both their reactivity as well as their fundamental bonding properties. This paper reports a combined spectroscopic and theoretical investigation into the effect of the apical multiply bonded ligand on the spin-state preferences of threefold symmetric iron(IV) complexes with tris(carbene) donor ligands. Specifically, singlet (S = 0) nitrido [{PhB(ImR)3}FeN], R = tBu (1), Mes (mesityl, 2) and the related triplet (S = 1) imido complexes, [{PhB(ImR)3}Fe(NR')]+, R = Mes, R' = 1-adamantyl (3), tBu (4), were investigated by electronic absorption and Mössbauer effect spectroscopies. For comparison, two other Fe(IV) nitrido complexes, [(TIMENAr)FeN]+ (TIMENAr = tris[2-(3-aryl-imidazol-2-ylidene)ethyl]amine; Ar = Xyl (xylyl), Mes), were investigated by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, including applied-field measurements. The paramagnetic imido complexes 3 and 4 were also studied by magnetic susceptibility measurements (for 3) and paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy: high-frequency and -field electron paramagnetic resonance (for 3 and 4) and frequency-domain Fourier-transform (FD-FT) terahertz electron paramagnetic resonance (for 3), which reveal their zero-field splitting parameters. Experimentally correlated theoretical studies comprising ligand-field theory and quantum chemical theory, the latter including both density functional theory and ab initio methods, reveal the key role played by the Fe 3dz2 (a1) orbital in these systems: the nature of its interaction with the nitrido or imido ligand dictates the spin-state preference of the complex. The ability to tune the spin state through the energy and nature of a single orbital has general relevance to the factors controlling spin states in complexes with applicability as single molecule devices.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 56(5): 3102-3118, 2017 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28225611

RESUMO

The magnetic properties of pseudotetrahedral Co(II) complexes spawned intense interest after (PPh4)2[Co(SPh)4] was shown to be the first mononuclear transition-metal complex displaying slow relaxation of the magnetization in the absence of a direct current magnetic field. However, there are differing reports on its fundamental magnetic spin Hamiltonian (SH) parameters, which arise from inherent experimental challenges in detecting large zero-field splittings. There are also remarkable changes in the SH parameters of [Co(SPh)4]2- upon structural variations, depending on the counterion and crystallization conditions. In this work, four complementary experimental techniques are utilized to unambiguously determine the SH parameters for two different salts of [Co(SPh)4]2-: (PPh4)2[Co(SPh)4] (1) and (NEt4)2[Co(SPh)4] (2). The characterization methods employed include multifield SQUID magnetometry, high-field/high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (HF-EPR), variable-field variable-temperature magnetic circular dichroism (VTVH-MCD), and frequency domain Fourier transform THz-EPR (FD-FT THz-EPR). Notably, the paramagnetic Co(II) complex [Co(SPh)4]2- shows strong axial magnetic anisotropy in 1, with D = -55(1) cm-1 and E/D = 0.00(3), but rhombic anisotropy is seen for 2, with D = +11(1) cm-1 and E/D = 0.18(3). Multireference ab initio CASSCF/NEVPT2 calculations enable interpretation of the remarkable variation of D and its dependence on the electronic structure and geometry.

15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 52(87): 12905-12908, 2016 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27739552

RESUMO

The mononuclear complex (Bu4N)2[ReIVCl4(CN)2]·2DMA (DMA = N,N-dimethylacetamide) displays intricate magnetization dynamics, implying Orbach, direct, and Raman-type relaxation processes. The Orbach relaxation process is characterized by an energy barrier of 39 K (27 cm-1) that is discussed based on high-field electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), inelastic neutron scattering and frequency-domain THz EPR investigations.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 137(45): 14406-22, 2015 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26542645

RESUMO

The syntheses, structures, and magnetic properties of four new complex salts, (PPN){[Mn(III)(salphen)(MeOH)]2[M(III)(CN)6]}·7MeOH (Mn2M·7MeOH) (M = Fe, Ru, Os and Co; PPN(+) = bis(triphenylphosphoranylidene)ammonium cation; H2salphen = N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-1,2-diaminobenzene), and a mixed metal Co/Os analogue (PPN){[Mn(III)(salphen)(MeOH)]2[Co(III)0.92Os(III)0.08(CN)6]}·7MeOH were undertaken. It was found that all compounds exhibit switchable single-molecule magnet (SMM) and exchange-bias behavior depending on the interstitial methanol content. The pristine (PPN){[Mn(salphen)(MeOH)]2[Os(CN)6]}·7MeOH (Mn2Os·7MeOH) behaves as an SMM with an effective barrier for the magnetization reversal, (Ueff/kB), of 17.1 K. Upon desolvation, Mn2Os exhibits an increase of Ueff/kB to 42.0 K and an opening of the hysteresis loop observable at 1.8 K. Mn2Os·7MeOH shows also exchange-bias behavior with magnetic hysteresis loops exhibiting a shift in the quantum tunneling to 0.25 T from zero-field. The Fe(III) and Ru(III) analogues were prepared as reference compounds for assessing the effect of the 5d versus 4d and 3d metal ions on the SMM properties. These compounds are also SMMs and exhibit similar effects but with lower energy barriers. These findings underscore the importance of introducing heavy transition elements into SMMs to improve their slow relaxation of the magnetization properties. The (PPN){[Mn(III)(salphen)(MeOH)]2[Co(III)(CN)6]}·7MeOH (Mn2Co·7MeOH) analogue with a diamagnetic Co(III) central atom and the mixed Co/Os (PPN){[Mn(III)(salphen)(MeOH)]2[Co(III)0.92Os(III)0.08(CN)6]}·7MeOH (Mn2Co/Os·7MeOH) "magnetically diluted" system with a 9:1 Co/Os metal ratio were prepared in order to further probe the nature of the energy barrier increase upon desolvation of Mn2Os. In addition, inelastic neutron scattering and frequency-domain Fourier-transform THz electron paramagnetic resonance spectra obtained on Mn2Os·7MeOH and Mn2Os in combination with the magnetic data revealed the presence of anisotropic exchange interactions between Mn(III) and Os(III) ions.

17.
J Phys Chem B ; 119(43): 13816-24, 2015 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26154490

RESUMO

We present a comparison of experimental and simulated frequency- and field-domain electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of integer and half-integer high-spin transition-metal ion complexes. For the simulation of EPR spectra a new tool within the EPR simulation software EasySpin is introduced, which allows for field- and frequency-domain EPR simulations with the same theoretical model and the same set of spin Hamiltonian parameters. The utility of this approach is demonstrated on the integer-spin complexes NiBr2(PPh3)2 and [Tp2Mn]SbF6 (both S = 1) and the half-integer-spin Fe(III) porphyrins, hemin (Fe(PPIX)Cl) and Fe(TPP)Cl (both S = 5/2). We demonstrate that the combination of field- and frequency-domain EPR techniques allows the determination of spin Hamiltonian parameters, in particular large zero-field splittings, with high accuracy.

18.
Chemistry ; 21(20): 7470-9, 2015 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25823421

RESUMO

Cysteine dioxygenase is a unique nonheme iron enzyme that is involved in the metabolism of cysteine in the body. It contains an iron active site with an unusual 3-His ligation to the protein, which contrasts with the structural features of common nonheme iron dioxygenases. Recently, some of us reported a truly biomimetic model for this enzyme, namely a trispyrazolylborato iron(II) cysteinato complex, which not only has a structure very similar to the enzyme-substrate complex but also represents a functional model: Treatment of the model with dioxygen leads to cysteine dioxygenation, as shown by isolating the cysteine part of the product in the course of the work-up. However, little is known on the conversion mechanism and, so far, not even the structure of the actual product complex had been characterised, which is also unknown in case of the enzyme. In a multidisciplinary approach including density functional theory calculations and X-ray absorption spectroscopy, we have now determined the structure of the actual sulfinato complex for the first time. The Cys-SO2 (-) functional group was found to be bound in an η(2) -O,O-coordination mode, which, based on the excellent resemblance between model and enzyme, also provides the first support for a corresponding binding mode within the enzymatic product complex. Indeed, this is again confirmed by theory, which had predicted a η(2) -O,O-binding mode for synthetic as well as the natural enzyme.


Assuntos
Cisteína Dioxigenase/química , Cisteína/análogos & derivados , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Ferro/química , Biomimética , Catálise , Cristalografia por Raios X , Cisteína/química , Cisteína Dioxigenase/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Espectroscopia por Absorção de Raios X
19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 114(1): 010801, 2015 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25615456

RESUMO

We present general expressions for the magnetic transition rates in electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments of anisotropic spin systems in the solid state. The expressions apply to general spin centers and arbitrary excitation geometry (Voigt, Faraday, and intermediate). They work for linear and circular polarized as well as unpolarized excitation, and for crystals and powders. The expressions are based on the concept of the (complex) magnetic transition dipole moment vector. Using the new theory, we determine the parities of ground and excited spin states of high-spin (S=5/2) Fe(III) in hemin from the polarization dependence of experimental EPR line intensities.


Assuntos
Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica/métodos , Modelos Teóricos , Anisotropia , Hemina/química , Fenômenos Magnéticos
20.
Chemistry ; 19(11): 3693-701, 2013 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23386431

RESUMO

We have investigated the single-molecule magnets [Mn(III)2 (5-Brsalen)2 (MeOH)2 M(III) (CN)6 ]NEt4 (M=Os (1) and Ru (2); 5-Brsalen=N,N'-ethylenebis(5-bromosalicylidene)iminate) by frequency-domain Fourier-transform terahertz electron paramagnetic resonance (THz-EPR), inelastic neutron scattering, and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry. The combination of all three techniques allows for the unambiguous experimental determination of the three-axis anisotropic magnetic exchange coupling between Mn(III) and Ru(III) or Os(III) ions, respectively. Analysis by means of a spin-Hamiltonian parameterization yields excellent agreement with all experimental data. Furthermore, analytical calculations show that the observed exchange anisotropy is due to the bent geometry encountered in both 1 and 2, whereas a linear geometry would lead to an Ising-type exchange coupling.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA