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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2542, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953174

RESUMO

Lateral heterojunctions of atomically precise graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) hold promise for applications in nanotechnology, yet their charge transport and most of the spectroscopic properties have not been investigated. Here, we synthesize a monolayer of multiple aligned heterojunctions consisting of quasi-metallic and wide-bandgap GNRs, and report characterization by scanning tunneling microscopy, angle-resolved photoemission, Raman spectroscopy, and charge transport. Comprehensive transport measurements as a function of bias and gate voltages, channel length, and temperature reveal that charge transport is dictated by tunneling through the potential barriers formed by wide-bandgap GNR segments. The current-voltage characteristics are in agreement with calculations of tunneling conductance through asymmetric barriers. We fabricate a GNR heterojunctions based sensor and demonstrate greatly improved sensitivity to adsorbates compared to graphene based sensors. This is achieved via modulation of the GNR heterojunction tunneling barriers by adsorbates.

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(4)2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33918328

RESUMO

A new approach to improve the light-emitting efficiency of Ge(Si) quantum dots (QDs) by the formation of an ordered array of QDs on a pit-patterned silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate is presented. This approach makes it possible to use the same pre-patterned substrate both for the growth of spatially ordered QDs and for the formation of photonic crystal (PhC) in which QDs are embedded. The periodic array of deep pits on the SOI substrate simultaneously serves as a template for spatially ordering of QDs and the basis for two-dimensional PhCs. As a result of theoretical and experimental studies, the main regularities of the QD nucleation on the pre-patterned surface with deep pits were revealed. The parameters of the pit-patterned substrate (the period of the location of the pits, the pit shape, and depth) providing a significant increase of the QD luminescence intensity due to the effective interaction of QD emission with the PhC modes are found.

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