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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226709, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1392989

RESUMO

Studying the different indicators of functional dentition classification can contribute to the understanding of the associated factors, and thus help in the definition of strategies associated with oral health care. This approach has been little explored in the literature, especially when considering the older age group. Aim:The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors associated with three distinct functional dentition classification. Methods: Cross-sectional exploratory study using secondary data from the Frailty in Older Brazilians (FIBRA) Project of 876 older adults living in Campinas, Brazil. The indicators of dental function assessed was number of natural teeth present, occluding pairs of teeth and the Eichner index, which were verified by trained dentists, following the World Health Organization criteria for epidemiological studies in oral health. The explanatory variable assessed was the self-perception of oral health-related quality of life measured by the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and its dimensions. It was also collected sociodemographic information such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, schooling, family income, smoking behavior and frailty status. The association was verified through Poisson regressions for number of teeth and pairs of teeth in occlusion and multinomial regression for the Eichner index, adjusted by sociodemographic and health variables. Results: Lower prevalence of participants with less than 21 teeth who negatively perceived GOHAI ́s pain and discomfort dimension and higher prevalence of having less teeth among the ones that negatively perceived GOHAI ́s physical and functional dimensions. No association was found between the perception of quality of life and occlusion pairs of teeth and the Eichner Index. Conclusion: Two out of three indicators assessed were associated with quality of life. Therefore, it is important to select sensitive indicators to be able to identify and better comprehend this relationship


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Saúde Bucal , Dentição , Fatores Sociodemográficos
2.
Rev Saude Publica ; 56: 104, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36515306

RESUMO

OBJETIVE: To investigate the relationship between the masticatory function and the frailty of older people. METHODS: Exploratory cross-sectional study using secondary data from the FIBRA Project on the frailty conditions of older people living in urban areas of six Brazilian municipalities, from 2008 to 2009. The population consisted of older adults aged 65 and over with no cognitive impairment. A single session identification questionnaire and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were applied, followed by collecting sociodemographic data and data on the participants' self-assessment of masticatory function, general health, and oral health. RESULTS: 2,341 older people (164 frail older adults), of whom 63.2% reported not having seen a dentist in the last year, and approximately 26% of them had three or more functional feeding problems. Older participants (OR = 2.88; 95%CI: 2.01-4.13), who are retired (OR = 2.31; 95%CI: 1.18-5.53), those who were depressed (OR = 2.31; 95%CI: 1.58-3.38), and those who self-assessed their general health as worse compared to others of the same age (OR = 3.91; 95%CI: 2.39-6.40) were at higher risk of frailty. Three or more problems related to the functional aspects of mastication were associated with a greater chance of frailty (OR = 2.06; 95%CI: 1.25-3.41). CONCLUSION: This study found an association between masticatory function and a greater chance of frailty among the studied population.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Humanos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Fragilidade/psicologia , Avaliação Geriátrica
3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 27(7): 2655-2665, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730836

RESUMO

This article aims to estimate the prevalence of chronic diseases/conditions in octogenarians according to sex, age groups and private health insurance, and its relationship with difficulty in performing usual activities. Cross-sectional population-based study with elderly data (n = 6,098) from the National Health Survey (PNS) 2019. Prevalences and 95% confidence intervals were estimated. The prevalences were: hypertension 61.7%, chronic back problem 30.0%, hypercholesterolemia 22.0%, diabetes 20.3%; arthritis/rheumatism 19.4%, heart disease 19.3%, depression 9.4%, cancer 8.9%, cerebrovascular accident (CA) 7.5%, asthma 4.9%, lung disease (LD) 4.2% and kidney failure (KF) 3.0%. Hypertension, chronic back problem, hypercholesterolemia, major arthritis/rheumatism and depression in women, and cancer in men. Major heart disease, hypercholesterolemia, arthritis/rheumatism, KF, cancer and depression in those with private health insurance. Restriction of usual activities 14.8%, more frequent in cardiac patients, with chronic back problem, arthritis/rheumatism, KF, depression, CA, cancer and LD. There were higher prevalences in women and in those who have health insurance. Difficulties in usual activities related to diseases demand the expansion of care for the older adults.


O objetivo deste artigo é estimar a prevalência de doenças/condições crônicas em octogenários segundo sexo, faixas etárias e plano de saúde, e sua relação com a dificuldade para realização de atividades habituais. Estudo transversal de base populacional com dados de idosos (n = 6.098) da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde 2019. Estimaram-se as prevalências e intervalos de confiança de 95%. As prevalências foram: hipertensão 61,7%, problema de coluna 30,0%, hipercolesterolemia 22,0%, diabetes 20,3%, artrite/reumatismo 19,4%, cardiopatias 19,3%, depressão 9,4%, câncer 8,9%, AVC 7,5%, asma 4,9%, doença pulmonar (DP) 4,2% e insuficiência renal (IR) 3,0%. Hipertensão, problema de coluna, hipercolesterolemia, artrite/reumatismo e depressão maiores nas mulheres, e câncer nos homens. Cardiopatias, hipercolesterolemia, artrite/reumatismo, IR, câncer e depressão maiores naqueles com plano de saúde. Restrição de atividades habituais, 14,8% mais frequente nos cardiopatas, com problema de coluna, artrite/reumatismo, IR, depressão, AVC, câncer e DP. Observaram-se maiores prevalências nas mulheres e nos que possuem plano de saúde. Dificuldades para atividades habituais relacionadas às doenças demandam a ampliação do cuidado aos mais idosos.


Assuntos
Artrite , Cardiopatias , Hipercolesterolemia , Hipertensão , Neoplasias , Doenças Reumáticas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Octogenários , Prevalência , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
4.
Enferm Clin (Engl Ed) ; 32(3): 195-202, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35690430

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: the aim of this study was to determine whether symptoms of insomnia and intensity of stressful life events are independently associated with depressive symptoms in community-dwelling hypertensive older adults. METHODS: this was an observational cross-sectional study. Participants were 438 older adults with arterial hypertension who completed questionnaires about depressive symptoms, stressful events, self-reported symptoms of insomnia and socio-demographic characteristics. Cluster analysis was performed to obtain groups according to insomnia symptoms. The following groups were identified: Poor Sleep Quality, Early Waking and Good Sleep Quality. Associations were tested using linear regression analysis and multiple Poisson regression analysis. RESULTS: The factors that independently contributed to the increase of depressive symptoms were belonging to the Poor Sleep Quality group (p<.001) and Early Waking group (p=.005), reporting higher intensity of stressful life events (p<.001) and having less schooling (p=.003). CONCLUSION: older adults with hypertension need a comprehensive approach to their health care that considers depressive symptoms and their relationship with intensity of stressful events, insomnia symptoms and schooling.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 356-365, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377379

RESUMO

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Dyspnea is a symptom present in several chronic diseases commonly seen among older adults. Since individuals with dyspnea tend to stay at rest, with consequently reduced levels of physical activity, they are likely to be at greater risk of developing frailty, especially at older ages. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at community level, Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationships between self-reported dyspnea, health conditions and frailty status in a sample of community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: Secondary data from the follow-up of the Frailty in Brazilian Elderly (FIBRA) study, involving 415 community-dwelling older adults (mean age: 80.3 ± 4.68 years), were used. The variables analyzed were sociodemographic characteristics, reported dyspnea, clinical data and frailty phenotype. Associations between dyspnea and other variables (age, sex, education and body mass index) were verified through the crude (c) and adjusted (a) odds ratios. RESULTS: The prevalence of dyspnea in the entire sample was 21.0%. Dyspnea was more present in individuals with pulmonary diseases, heart disease, cancer and depression. Older adults with multimorbidities (adjusted odds ratio, ORa = 2.91; 95% confidence interval, CI = 1.41-5.99) and polypharmacy (ORa = 2.02; 95% CI = 1.15-3.54) were more likely to have dyspnea. Those who reported dyspnea were 2.54 times more likely to be frail (ORa = 2.54; 95% CI = 1.08-5.97), and fatigue was their most prevalent phenotype component. CONCLUSION: Dyspnea was associated with different diseases, multimorbidities, polypharmacy and frailty. Recognizing the factors associated with dyspnea may contribute to its early identification and prevention of its negative outcomes among older adults.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Estudos Transversais , Idoso Fragilizado , Dispneia/epidemiologia , Vida Independente , Autorrelato
6.
Geriatr Nurs ; 46: 62-68, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35609433

RESUMO

This study analyzed factors associated with survival and mortality risk of community-dwelling older adults, considering the intensity of stressful life events, depressive symptoms, insomnia, frailty, multimorbidity, and sociodemographic factors. This is a longitudinal study on survival of older adults interviewed between 2008-2009, with follow-up after 8 years. Survival and mortality risks were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier curve, Log Rank test, and Cox proportional-hazards model (p < 0.05). Stressful events affecting older adults' children or grandchildren were associated with higher mortality risk; depressive symptoms and frailty were associated with lower survival. Comprehensive care for older adults must involve events regarding their family relationships, especially those affecting their progeny, due to the impact they can have on older adults' survival, besides evaluating depressive symptoms and frailty.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Depressão , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Humanos , Vida Independente , Estudos Longitudinais
7.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 140(3): 356-365, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508002

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Dyspnea is a symptom present in several chronic diseases commonly seen among older adults. Since individuals with dyspnea tend to stay at rest, with consequently reduced levels of physical activity, they are likely to be at greater risk of developing frailty, especially at older ages. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at community level, Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationships between self-reported dyspnea, health conditions and frailty status in a sample of community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: Secondary data from the follow-up of the Frailty in Brazilian Elderly (FIBRA) study, involving 415 community-dwelling older adults (mean age: 80.3 ± 4.68 years), were used. The variables analyzed were sociodemographic characteristics, reported dyspnea, clinical data and frailty phenotype. Associations between dyspnea and other variables (age, sex, education and body mass index) were verified through the crude (c) and adjusted (a) odds ratios. RESULTS: The prevalence of dyspnea in the entire sample was 21.0%. Dyspnea was more present in individuals with pulmonary diseases, heart disease, cancer and depression. Older adults with multimorbidities (adjusted odds ratio, ORa = 2.91; 95% confidence interval, CI = 1.41-5.99) and polypharmacy (ORa = 2.02; 95% CI = 1.15-3.54) were more likely to have dyspnea. Those who reported dyspnea were 2.54 times more likely to be frail (ORa = 2.54; 95% CI = 1.08-5.97), and fatigue was their most prevalent phenotype component. CONCLUSION: Dyspnea was associated with different diseases, multimorbidities, polypharmacy and frailty. Recognizing the factors associated with dyspnea may contribute to its early identification and prevention of its negative outcomes among older adults.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dispneia/epidemiologia , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Vida Independente , Autorrelato
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 118(2): 388-397, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35262570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A healthy diet is a protection factor against type 2 diabetes and plays an important role in the treatment of the disease, as well as associated comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: Characterize the eating habits of older adults (≥ 65 years) with and without diabetes residing in capital cities and the Federal District of Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the Surveillance of Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases Through a Telephone Survey (Vigitel, 2016). The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was estimated according to sociodemographic variables, physical inactivity level, self-rated health status and body mass index. Dietary habits were assessed based on the frequency (weekly and daily) of consumption of healthy and unhealthy foods and the replacement of food by snacks. Differences were determined using Pearson's chi-square test (Rao-Scott), with the significance level set at 5%. RESULTS: A total of 13,649 older adults were interviewed. The prevalence of self-reported diabetes was 27.2% (95% CI: 25.5; 29.0). Compared to non-diabetics, diabetic individuals had a higher consumption of raw vegetables (32.1% vs. 26.5%/3-4 days/week) and lower consumption of chicken (3.8% vs. 6.4%/hardly ever/never), fruit juice (24.0% vs. 29.6%) and sweets (6.8% vs. 16.2%) ≥ 5 days/week. Compared to non-diabetics, diabetic individuals consumed more skim milk (51.5% vs. 44.6%) and diet soda (60.0% vs. 17.3%) ≥ 5 days/week, raw vegetables (9.1% vs. 2.5%/at dinner) and sweets (37.7% vs. 20.5%/twice/day) 3-4 days/week. CONCLUSION: The observed differences emphasize the need for healthy eating interventions for all older adults, as well as specific counseling for those with diabetes.


FUNDAMENTOS: A alimentação saudável é um fator de proteção contra o diabetes tipo 2 e desempenha importante papel no tratamento do diabetes e das comorbidades associadas. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o hábito alimentar de idosos diabéticos e não diabéticos com 65 anos ou mais, residentes nas capitais brasileiras e no Distrito Federal. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com dados da pesquisa Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para as Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel, 2016). Foram estimadas as prevalências de diabetes melito segundo variáveis sociodemográficas, inatividade física, autoavaliação da saúde e índice de massa corporal (IMC). O hábito alimentar foi avaliado pela frequência (semanal e diária) de consumo de alimentos saudáveis e não saudáveis, e pela substituição da comida por lanches. As diferenças foram verificadas por meio do teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson (Rao-Scott) com nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistados 13.649 idosos, e a prevalência de diabetes autorreferido foi de 27,2% (IC95%:25,5; 29,0). Nos pacientes diabéticos, observou-se maior consumo de hortaliças cruas (32,1% vs. 26,5%/3-4 dias/semana) e menor de frango (3,8% vs. 6,4%/quase nunca/nunca), suco (24,0% vs. 29,6%) e doces (6,8% vs. 16,2%) ≥5 dias/semana. Os percentuais de idosos com consumo de leite desnatado (51,5% vs. 44,6%) e refrigerante dietético (60,0% vs. 17,3%) ≥5 dias/semana, hortaliças cruas (9,1% vs. 2,5%/no jantar) e doces (37,7% vs. 20,5%/2 vezes/dia) 3-4 dias/semana foram maiores nos diabéticos, comparados aos não diabéticos. CONCLUSÃO: As diferenças observadas sinalizam a necessidade de promover intervenções para alimentação saudável entre todos os idosos, bem como orientações específicas para os diabéticos.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Humanos
10.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci ; 77(10): 2023-2031, 2022 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34893847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is important to study multiple social, physical, and psychosocial factors associated with frailty in populations characterized by social and health disparities, such as men and women. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study with older adults 65 years or older from the FIBRA (Frailty in Brazilian Older Adults) 2008-2009 study. We carried out a comparative analysis of the factors associated with the frailty phenotype in older men (N = 706) and women (N = 1 251) using networks based on mixed graphical models according to sex. RESULTS: In the male network, frailty was most strongly associated with years of schooling, overall satisfaction with life, and falls; in the female network, the syndrome was associated with satisfaction with problem-solving, depression, and diabetes in addition to years of schooling. Furthermore, permutation tests showed that the networks for males and females were statistically different in terms of their structure, the global strength of the relationships, and the strength of the relationships between frailty and diabetes; frailty and falls; frailty and depression; frailty and overall satisfaction with life; and frailty and satisfaction with problem-solving (p < .05). The walktrap network cluster detection algorithm revealed that in men, frailty was in a physical and social dimension while in women the syndrome was in a cardiometabolic and psychosocial dimension. CONCLUSIONS: Network analysis showed that different factors are associated with frailty for each sex. The findings suggest that different strategies for dealing with frailty should be adopted for men and women so that care and prevention efforts can be directed appropriately.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Fragilidade , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome
11.
Aging Ment Health ; 26(10): 2022-2030, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between linguistic parameters in spontaneous speech at baseline and cognitive impairment and frailty nine years later. METHODS: A prospective analysis was carried out on data of the Frailty in Brazilian Older People Study (FIBRA) Study, a population-based study on frailty. From a probabilistic sample of 384 individuals aged 65 and older at baseline (2008-2009), 124 aged 73 years and older at follow-up were selected, as they had scored above the cutoff values of cognitive screening for dementia adjusted by years of schooling at baseline and had answered to the question What is healthy aging and had no frailty at baseline. Verbal responses were submitted to content analysis and had its ideas and words counted. Number of ideas corresponded to the frequency of meaning categories and number of words to all identified significant textual elements in the text constituted by the sample answers to that question. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analyses, controlling for the effects of age, sex, and education, showed that individuals with a high number of ideas at baseline had lower chance of having cognitive impairment (OR = 0.39; 95% CI 0.22 - 0.69) and frailty (OR 0.66; 95% CI 0.44 - 0.99) nine years later than those with low number of ideas. CONCLUSIONS: Higher number of ideas, but not number of words, in spontaneous speech seems to be associated to a more positive prognosis in mental and physical health nine years later. Linguistic markers may be used to predict cognitive impairment and frailty in older individuals.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Fragilidade , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Vida Independente/psicologia , Fala
12.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 104, 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1410049

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJETIVE To investigate the relationship between the masticatory function and the frailty of older people. METHODS Exploratory cross-sectional study using secondary data from the FIBRA Project on the frailty conditions of older people living in urban areas of six Brazilian municipalities, from 2008 to 2009. The population consisted of older adults aged 65 and over with no cognitive impairment. A single session identification questionnaire and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were applied, followed by collecting sociodemographic data and data on the participants' self-assessment of masticatory function, general health, and oral health. RESULTS 2,341 older people (164 frail older adults), of whom 63.2% reported not having seen a dentist in the last year, and approximately 26% of them had three or more functional feeding problems. Older participants (OR = 2.88; 95%CI: 2.01-4.13), who are retired (OR = 2.31; 95%CI: 1.18-5.53), those who were depressed (OR = 2.31; 95%CI: 1.58-3.38), and those who self-assessed their general health as worse compared to others of the same age (OR = 3.91; 95%CI: 2.39-6.40) were at higher risk of frailty. Three or more problems related to the functional aspects of mastication were associated with a greater chance of frailty (OR = 2.06; 95%CI: 1.25-3.41). CONCLUSION This study found an association between masticatory function and a greater chance of frailty among the studied population.

13.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 25(5): e210210, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365662

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo analisar associações diretas e indiretas entre autoavaliação de saúde, indicadores objetivos de saúde e neuroticismo em idosos Método Os dados foram extraídos dos registros de seguimento (2016-2017) do Estudo da Fragilidade em Idosos Brasileiros (Estudo FIBRA), de base populacional, sobre fragilidade e fatores associados na velhice. Trezentos e noventa e sete indivíduos com idade a partir de 73 anos no seguimento responderam a um item sobre autoavaliação de saúde. Polimedicação, dor crônica e multimorbidade foram autorrelatadas, fadiga foi mensurada pela CES-D, depressão pela EDG e neuroticismo pelo inventário NEO-PI-R. Foi realizada análise de caminhos, para verificar associações diretas e indiretas entre autoavaliação de saúde, indicadores objetivos de saúde e neuroticismo. Resultados Relações mais robustas foram observadas entre sexo e multimorbidade, depressão e neuroticismo, e neuroticismo e autoavaliação de saúde. Destaca-se que neuroticismo mediou a relação entre idade, dor crônica, multimorbidade e depressão com autoavaliação de saúde. Conclusão O neuroticismo é um importante mediador da relação entre autoavaliação de saúde e indicadores objetivos de saúde. Trabalhos longitudinais são necessários para explicar as relações observadas.


Abstract Objective to analyze the direct and indirect associations between self-rated health, objective health indicators and neuroticism in older adults. Method Data were extracted from follow-up records (2016-2017) of the Study of Frailty in Brazilian Elderly (FIBRA Study), a population-based study of frailty and associated variables in old age. Three hundred and ninety-seven individuals aged 73 years and over at follow-up answered an item on self-rated health. Polimedication, chronic pain and multimorbidity were self-reported, fatigue was measured by CES-D, depression by GDS and neuroticism by NEO-PI-R. Path analysis was performed to verify direct and indirect associations between self-rated health, objective health indicators and neuroticism in the follow-up. Results Neuroticism mediated the relationship between sex and age with self-rated health, and between depression and self-rated health. More robust relationships were observed between depression and neuroticism, pain and neuroticism, and sex and neuroticism; the least robust occurred between age and fatigue. Conclusion Neuroticism is an important mediator of the relationship between self-rated health and objective health indicators. Longitudinal work is needed to

14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 388-397, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364319

RESUMO

Resumo Fundamentos A alimentação saudável é um fator de proteção contra o diabetes tipo 2 e desempenha importante papel no tratamento do diabetes e das comorbidades associadas. Objetivo Caracterizar o hábito alimentar de idosos diabéticos e não diabéticos com 65 anos ou mais, residentes nas capitais brasileiras e no Distrito Federal. Métodos Estudo transversal com dados da pesquisa Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para as Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel, 2016). Foram estimadas as prevalências de diabetes melito segundo variáveis sociodemográficas, inatividade física, autoavaliação da saúde e índice de massa corporal (IMC). O hábito alimentar foi avaliado pela frequência (semanal e diária) de consumo de alimentos saudáveis e não saudáveis, e pela substituição da comida por lanches. As diferenças foram verificadas por meio do teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson (Rao-Scott) com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados Foram entrevistados 13.649 idosos, e a prevalência de diabetes autorreferido foi de 27,2% (IC95%:25,5; 29,0). Nos pacientes diabéticos, observou-se maior consumo de hortaliças cruas (32,1% vs. 26,5%/3-4 dias/semana) e menor de frango (3,8% vs. 6,4%/quase nunca/nunca), suco (24,0% vs. 29,6%) e doces (6,8% vs. 16,2%) ≥5 dias/semana. Os percentuais de idosos com consumo de leite desnatado (51,5% vs. 44,6%) e refrigerante dietético (60,0% vs. 17,3%) ≥5 dias/semana, hortaliças cruas (9,1% vs. 2,5%/no jantar) e doces (37,7% vs. 20,5%/2 vezes/dia) 3-4 dias/semana foram maiores nos diabéticos, comparados aos não diabéticos. Conclusão As diferenças observadas sinalizam a necessidade de promover intervenções para alimentação saudável entre todos os idosos, bem como orientações específicas para os diabéticos.


Abstract Background A healthy diet is a protection factor against type 2 diabetes and plays an important role in the treatment of the disease, as well as associated comorbidities. Objective Characterize the eating habits of older adults (≥ 65 years) with and without diabetes residing in capital cities and the Federal District of Brazil. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the Surveillance of Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases Through a Telephone Survey (Vigitel, 2016). The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was estimated according to sociodemographic variables, physical inactivity level, self-rated health status and body mass index. Dietary habits were assessed based on the frequency (weekly and daily) of consumption of healthy and unhealthy foods and the replacement of food by snacks. Differences were determined using Pearson's chi-square test (Rao-Scott), with the significance level set at 5%. Results A total of 13,649 older adults were interviewed. The prevalence of self-reported diabetes was 27.2% (95% CI: 25.5; 29.0). Compared to non-diabetics, diabetic individuals had a higher consumption of raw vegetables (32.1% vs. 26.5%/3-4 days/week) and lower consumption of chicken (3.8% vs. 6.4%/hardly ever/never), fruit juice (24.0% vs. 29.6%) and sweets (6.8% vs. 16.2%) ≥ 5 days/week. Compared to non-diabetics, diabetic individuals consumed more skim milk (51.5% vs. 44.6%) and diet soda (60.0% vs. 17.3%) ≥ 5 days/week, raw vegetables (9.1% vs. 2.5%/at dinner) and sweets (37.7% vs. 20.5%/twice/day) 3-4 days/week. Conclusion The observed differences emphasize the need for healthy eating interventions for all older adults, as well as specific counseling for those with diabetes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar
15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(7): 2655-2665, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384433

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é estimar a prevalência de doenças/condições crônicas em octogenários segundo sexo, faixas etárias e plano de saúde, e sua relação com a dificuldade para realização de atividades habituais. Estudo transversal de base populacional com dados de idosos (n = 6.098) da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde 2019. Estimaram-se as prevalências e intervalos de confiança de 95%. As prevalências foram: hipertensão 61,7%, problema de coluna 30,0%, hipercolesterolemia 22,0%, diabetes 20,3%, artrite/reumatismo 19,4%, cardiopatias 19,3%, depressão 9,4%, câncer 8,9%, AVC 7,5%, asma 4,9%, doença pulmonar (DP) 4,2% e insuficiência renal (IR) 3,0%. Hipertensão, problema de coluna, hipercolesterolemia, artrite/reumatismo e depressão maiores nas mulheres, e câncer nos homens. Cardiopatias, hipercolesterolemia, artrite/reumatismo, IR, câncer e depressão maiores naqueles com plano de saúde. Restrição de atividades habituais, 14,8% mais frequente nos cardiopatas, com problema de coluna, artrite/reumatismo, IR, depressão, AVC, câncer e DP. Observaram-se maiores prevalências nas mulheres e nos que possuem plano de saúde. Dificuldades para atividades habituais relacionadas às doenças demandam a ampliação do cuidado aos mais idosos.


Abstract This article aims to estimate the prevalence of chronic diseases/conditions in octogenarians according to sex, age groups and private health insurance, and its relationship with difficulty in performing usual activities. Cross-sectional population-based study with elderly data (n = 6,098) from the National Health Survey (PNS) 2019. Prevalences and 95% confidence intervals were estimated. The prevalences were: hypertension 61.7%, chronic back problem 30.0%, hypercholesterolemia 22.0%, diabetes 20.3%; arthritis/rheumatism 19.4%, heart disease 19.3%, depression 9.4%, cancer 8.9%, cerebrovascular accident (CA) 7.5%, asthma 4.9%, lung disease (LD) 4.2% and kidney failure (KF) 3.0%. Hypertension, chronic back problem, hypercholesterolemia, major arthritis/rheumatism and depression in women, and cancer in men. Major heart disease, hypercholesterolemia, arthritis/rheumatism, KF, cancer and depression in those with private health insurance. Restriction of usual activities 14.8%, more frequent in cardiac patients, with chronic back problem, arthritis/rheumatism, KF, depression, CA, cancer and LD. There were higher prevalences in women and in those who have health insurance. Difficulties in usual activities related to diseases demand the expansion of care for the older adults.

16.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 25(5): e210234, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394787

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Verificar se a perda de função mastigatória aumenta o risco de fragilidade em idosos vivendo em domicílios familiares no Estado de São Paulo. Métodos Foi adotado um delineamento de coorte prospectivo sobre a base de dados do estudo FIBRA (Fragilidade em Idosos Brasileiros), com linha de base realizada em 2008-2009 e seguimento em 2016-2018, transcorrendo em média 100,2 ± 9,2 meses. A variável desfecho foi a incidência de fragilidade, a variável de exposição foi a função mastigatória conforme a condição de edentulismo e autorrelato de dificuldade mastigatória. As variáveis de ajuste foram condições sociodemográficas, comportamentais e de saúde geral. Foi utilizado um modelo de regressão de Poisson, com variância robusta, estimando o risco relativo Resultados a incidência acumulada de fragilidade aos oito anos em média foi de 30 casos a cada 100 participantes edêntulos com dificuldade mastigatória, que apresentaram maior risco de desenvolver fragilidade (RR:1,75 IC 95% 1,09-2,81) do que os idosos dentados sem dificuldade mastigatória, independentemente de tabagismo (RR: 1,71 IC 95% 1,07-2,73) e de condição socioeconômica (RR: 1,72 IC 95% 1,13-2,62). Conclusão A perda de função mastigatória aumentou o risco de fragilidade em idosos.Futuras pesquisas deverão estudar se a reabilitação da função mastigatória contribui para diminuir esse risco.


Abstract Objective To verify if the loss of masticatory function increases the risk of frailty in community-dwelling older people in the state of São Paulo. Methods A prospective cohort design was adopted based on the FIBRA study database (Fragility in Brazilian Elderly), with a baseline performed in 2008-2009 and follow-up in 2016-2018, elapsed on average 100.2 ± 9.2 months. The outcome variable was the incidence of frailty. The exposure variable was masticatory function according to edentulism and self-reported chewing difficulty. Adjustment variables were sociodemographic, behavioral, and general health conditions. A Poisson regression model with robust variance was used to estimate the relative risk. Results the cumulative incidence of frailty over eight years was 30 cases per 100 edentulous participants with chewing difficulties, who had a higher risk of developing frailty (RR: 1.75 95% CI 1.09-2.81) than the dentate elderly without chewing difficulties, regardless of smoking (RR: 1.71 95% CI 1.07-2.73) and socioeconomic status (RR: 1.72 95% CI 1.13-2.62) Conclusion Loss of masticatory function increases the risk of frailty in older people. Future research should study whether the rehabilitation of oral function reduces this risk.

17.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 25(5): e210224, 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387864

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Investigar e comparar o perfil sociodemográfico, cognitivo e de fragilidade dos participantes do Estudo Fragilidade em Idosos Brasileiros em medidas de seguimento (SG) e linha de base (LB) realizadas em 2016-2017 e 2008-2009, respectivamente. Métodos Participaram da LB 1.284 idosos residentes em Campinas e Ermelino Matarazzo (SP), Brasil, que compuseram amostra única. No SG foram novamente entrevistados 549 participantes (42,5%); 192 tinham falecido (14,9%) e 543 foram perdidos (42,4%). Em ambos os momentos, foram avaliadas as variáveis sexo, idade, escolaridade, estado conjugal, renda familiar, arranjo de moradia, status cognitivo (Mini-Exame do Estado Mental) e fenótipo de fragilidade (três ou mais de cinco critérios). As diferenças intergrupos e intragrupos foram verificadas pelos testes qui-quadrado de Pearson e de McNemar, respectivamente. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em p<0,05. Resultados Entre os sobreviventes, os participantes eram mais jovens (72,2±5,3 anos) do que entre os falecidos (75,5±6,8 anos) e havia mais idosos casados, com nível educacional mais elevado, sem deficit cognitivo e pré-frágeis. Da LB para o SG, houve aumento estatisticamente significativo do número de idosos que moravam sozinhos (17,1% vs. 22,0%), não tinham companheiro(a) (46,4% vs. 55,4%), tinham renda familiar menor que três salários-mínimos (52,2% vs. 62,2%), apresentavam deficit cognitivo (17,7% vs. 23,5%) e eram frágeis (9,8% vs. 24,5%) Conclusão Da LB para o SG, ocorreu aumento da vulnerabilidade física, cognitiva e social dos idosos. Estes resultados reforçam a importância de políticas públicas que favoreçam a qualidade de vida dos idosos e a redução das iniquidades de saúde ao longo da vida.


Abstract Objective To investigate and compare the sociodemographic, cognitive and frailty profile of participants from the Frailty in Brazilian Older Adults (Fibra) study regarding follow-up (FW) and baseline (BL) measurements carried out in 2016-2017 and 2008-2009, respectively. Methods A total of 1,284 older adults living in Campinas and Ermelino Matarazzo (SP), Brazil, participated in the BL, comprising a pooled sample. At FW, 549 older adults (42.7%) were interviewed again; 192 had died (14.9%) and 543 were lost to follow-up (42.4%). Sex, age, education, marital status, family income, housing arrangement, cognitive status (Mini-Mental State Examination) and frailty phenotype (score ≥3 out of 5) were evaluated at both timepoints. Intergroup and intragroup differences were verified by Pearson's chi-square and McNemar's tests. Statistical significant level was set at p<0.05 Results The survivors were younger (72.2±5.3 years) than the deceased (75.5±6.8 years) and individuals included in the FW were mostly married, higher educated, cognitively unimpaired and pre-frail. Between BL and FW there was an increase in the number of participants who lived alone (17.1% vs. 22.0%), had no partner (46.4% vs. 55.4%), a family income <3 minimum wages (52.2% vs. 62.2%), cognitive impairment (17.7% vs. 23.5%) and frailty (9.8% vs. 24.5%). Conclusion Between BL and FW there was an increase in the physical, cognitive and social vulnerability of the older adults. These results reinforce the importance of public policies that favor the quality of life of older people and a reduction in health inequities throughout life.

18.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 25(5): e210219, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387865

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Identificar o perfil de mobilidade nos espaços de vida em idosos que vivem na comunidade e estabelecer a precisão dos pontos de corte desse instrumento para discriminar entre níveis de fragilidade, fragilidade em marcha e de risco de sarcopenia. Método Estudo observacional e metodológico com 391 participantes com 72 anos e mais (80,4±4,6), que responderam ao Life Space Assessment (LSA) e a medidas de rastreio de fragilidade e risco de sarcopenia usando respectivamente o fenótipo de fragilidade e o SARC-F. Os pontos de corte para fragilidade e risco de sarcopenia foram determinados por meio da Curva ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) com intervalos de confiança de 95%. Resultados A média da pontuação no LSA foi 53,6±21,8. Os pontos de corte de melhor acurácia diagnóstica foram ≤54 pontos para fragilidade em marcha (AUC= 0,645 95%; p<0,001) e ≤60 pontos para risco de sarcopenia (AUC= 0,651 95%; p<0,001). Conclusão A capacidade de idosos de se deslocar nos vários níveis de espaços de vida, avaliado pelo LSA demonstrou ser uma ferramenta viável que pode contribuir no rastreio de fragilidade em marcha e de risco de sarcopenia e, com isso, prevenir desfechos negativos.


Abstract Objective To identify the profile of a sample of older people recruited at home based on a measure of life-space mobility and to establish the accuracy of the cut-off points of this instrument for discriminating between levels of frailty, frailty in walking speed and risk of sarcopenia. Method An observational methodological study of 391 participants aged ≥72 (80.4±4.6) years, who answered the Life-Space Assessment (LSA) and underwent frailty and risk of sarcopenia screening using the frailty phenotype and SARC-F measures, respectively, was performed. The cut-off points for frailty and risk of sarcopenia were determined using ROC (​​Receiver Operating Characteristic) curves and their respective 95% confidence intervals. Results Mean total LSA score was 53.6±21.8. The cut-off points with the best diagnostic accuracy for total LSA were ≤54 points for frailty in walking speed (AUC=0.645 95%; p<0.001) and ≤60 points for risk of sarcopenia (AUC=0.651 95%; p<0.001). Conclusion The ability of older people to move around life-space levels, as assessed by the LSA, proved a promising tool to screen for frailty in walking speed and risk of sarcopenia, thus contributing to the prevention of adverse outcomes.

19.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 25(5): e210238, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387866

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Caracterizar mudanças em indicadores antropométricos em idosos e investigar se o excesso de peso associou-se com menor velocidade da marcha (VM), com base em medidas realizadas a um intervalo de nove anos. Métodos Estudo de coorte com idosos (≥65 anos), realizado em 2008-2009 (linha de base) e 2016-2017 (seguimento) em Campinas/SP e Ermelino Matarazzo/SP, Brasil. Foram aferidas medidas de peso corporal, estatura, circunferência da cintura (CC) e do quadril (CQ), usadas para obter os indicadores: índice de massa corporal (IMC), razão cintura-estatura (RCE), razão cintura-quadril (RCQ) e índice de conicidade (Índice C). Os testes T e de Wilcoxon para amostras pareadas foram usados para estimar as diferenças. Resultados Foram analisadas informações de 537 idosos (70,0% mulheres) com idade média de 72,2 anos na linha de base e 80,7 anos no seguimento. Após nove anos, os homens apresentaram reduções significativas do peso corporal, estatura e IMC, e aumento do Índice C. Nas mulheres, observou-se declínio do peso, estatura e IMC, e elevação da CC, CQ, RCE, RCQ e Índice C. Observaram-se variações percentuais de: -3,89% (peso), -0,36% (estatura), -4,18% (IMC) e +2,27% (Índice C) nos homens; -2,95% (peso), -0,65% (estatura), -0,73% (IMC), +3,33% (CC), +1,59% (CQ), +3,45% (RCE), +2,27% (RCQ) e +4,76% (Índice C) nas mulheres. O excesso de peso associou-se com maiores chances de estabilidade e de novos casos de menor VM no seguimento. Conclusão Foram identificadas mudanças no peso, estatura, IMC, nos indicadores de obesidade abdominal, especialmente nas mulheres, e associação entre excesso de peso e menor VM.


Abstract Objective To characterize changes in anthropometric indicators in older adults and investigate whether being overweight was associated with lower gait speed (GS), based on measurements taken at an interval of nine years. Methods Cohort study with older adults (≥65 years), conducted in 2008-2009 (baseline) and 2016-2017 (follow-up) in the city of Campinas/SP and in Ermelino Matarazzo/SP, Brazil. Body weight, height, waist circumference (WC) and hip (HC) measurements were taken and used to determine the following indicators: body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and conicity index (C index). The T and Wilcoxon tests for paired samples were used to estimate the differences. Results Information from 537 older adults (70.0% women) with a mean age of 72.2 years at baseline and 80.7 years at follow-up were analyzed. After nine years, the men showed significant decreases in weight, height and BMI, and an increase in the C index. In women, decreases in weight, height and BMI, and increases in WC, HC, WHtR, WHR and C index were observed. The percentage variations observed were: -3.89% (weight), -0.36% (height), -4.18% (BMI) and +2.27% (C index) among men; -2.95% (weight), -0.65% (height), -0.73% (BMI), +3.33% (WC), +1.59% (HC), +3.45% (WHtR), +2.27% (WHR) and +4.76% (C-Index) among women. Being overweight was associated with greater odds ratio of stability and new cases of lower GS at follow-up. Conclusion Changes were identified in weight, height, BMI, and indicators of abdominal obesity, especially in women, together with an association between being overweight and lower GS.

20.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 25(5): e210216, 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387867

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Verificar a associação entre propósito de vida (PV) e a realização de atividades avançadas e instrumentais de vida diária (AAVD e AIVD) em idosos. Método Estudo de corte transversal com participantes da avaliação de seguimento do estudo FIBRA (Fragilidade em Idosos Brasileiros) nas cidades de Campinas e Ermelino Matarazzo (SP), Brasil, nos anos de 2016 e 2017. Participaram 187 idosos com 80 anos e mais recrutados em domicílios familiares. O protocolo incluiu a aplicação de um teste de rastreio de deficit cognitivo sugestivo de demência, escala para avaliação das AAVD, a Escala de Lawton e Brody avaliando AIVD, a Escala de Depressão Geriátrica e a Escala de Propósito de Vida de Ryff e Keyes (1995). Resultados Os participantes tinham em média 83,81 (±3,60) anos, 4,38 (±3,76) anos de escolaridade e tinham renda mensal média de 3,49 salários mínimos (±2,61) e 125 (66,8%) eram mulheres. Análises de regressão hierárquica mostraram associações estatisticamente significativas entre PV, sintomas depressivos e pontuação mais alta em AAVD (p=0,003) e sem associação significativa com AIVD (0,580), em modelo ajustado para variáveis sociodemográficas, avaliação subjetiva de saúde, desempenho cognitivo e depressão. Conclusões Os idosos com maior escore de PV e menor número de sintomas depressivos foram mais propensos a realizar AAVD, mas não AIVD, que se associaram à idade, sexo, sintomas depressivos e desempenho cognitivo. PV pode colaborar para a manutenção do estado funcional no idoso, contribuindo para um envelhecimento saudável.


Abstract Objective To verify the association between purpose in life (PL) and the performance in advanced (AADL) and instrumental (IADL) activities of daily living. Methods Cross-sectional community-based study which analyzed data from the follow-up assessment of the FIBRA Study (Frailty in Elderly Brazilians) in the cities of Campinas and Ermelino Matarazzo (SP), Brazil, in 2016 and 2017. Participants were 187 community dwelling persons aged 80 years and older. The protocol included the application of a cognitive deficit screening test suggestive of dementia, an inventory assessing AADL, the Lawton and Brody scale (IADL), the Geriatric Depression Scale and the Ryff and Keyes' (1995) Purpose in Life Scale. Results Participants had an average of 83.81 (±3.60) years, 4.38 (± 3.76) years of schooling, 3.49 minimum wages (±2.61) of income, 125 (66.8%) being women. Hierarchical linear regression analyzes showed that PV and depressive symptoms were significantly associated with a higher number of AADL (p=0.003) and no significant association with IADL scores (0.580), in a model adjusted for sociodemographic variables, self-rated health, cognitive performance and depression. Conclusions The results suggest that older adults with higher PL and lower number of depression symptoms are more likely to perform a higher number of AADL. This association was not observed for IADL, which were associated with age, sex, depression and cognitive performance. PL may have an impact on complex levels of functional status in the elderly, thus contributing to healthy aging.

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