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Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 14: 2851-2861, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262372


Background: The recent outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) caused a significant impact on dentistry. It is imperative to have sufficient knowledge of COVID-19 to manage patients in the dental operatory. Aim: To assess the knowledge and perceptions of dentists from different specialities about COVID-19 disease. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional online survey. Materials and Methods: This study used a descriptive cross-sectional study design with a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included three sets of 23 questions [Demographic-4; Source of information-1; Knowledge-10 and Perceptions-8]. The comparison of mean scores of knowledge and perceptions were interpreted based on the occupation of dental specialists. Statistical Analysis Used: The association between demographic variables and dental specialists' knowledge and perception scores was carried out using SPSS (Version IBM 21.0, NY, USA). Results: A total of 429 dentists from various specialties participated in the present study. The study had obtained a overall good knowledge score (92.7%) with a mean value of 8.86 + 0.22, and a perception score (70.7%) with a mean value of 5.4+0.3. The present study reports a statistically significant difference between age (p=0.03) and knowledge source (p<0.05). The multi variate regression analysis showed that dentists' specialty had no significant effect on knowledge and perception. Conclusion: The study reports sufficient knowledge and perception scores. Oral maxillofacial surgeons showed higher knowledge scores, while prosthodontics and periodontics achieved good mean scores for perception on COVID-19. Social media and health authorities played an equally important role in the overall knowledge of the source of information related to COVID-19.

Med Pharm Rep ; 94(2): 158-169, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34013186


Objective: The treatment protocol in the modern health care paradigm has shifted considerably towards enhancing the quality of life in the last decade. This is particularly important in cosmetic and elective treatments, and hence the interest in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) also has increased. OHRQoL always been measured by endogenous, functional, social, or psychological determinants. Self-esteem (SE) is one of the internal factors that affect the perception of malocclusion and hence OHRQoL before and after treatment. The purpose of this review is to assess whether there exists any correlation between the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life, Self-esteem (SE) in patients following orthodontic treatment. Methods: A literature search was confined to the English language using Medical Subject Heading terms (MeSH) in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Ovid® covering the period from January 1, 1951 to May 15, 2020. Search in Google Scholar, grey literature, and hand search on cross-references was performed to find additional data. The studies found to be suitable were selected based on the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The quality of assessment and risk of bias for the included studies were evaluated independently by two invigilators utilizing "The Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing the risk of bias" and "Modified version of the Newcastle Ottawa scale" for Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and non-randomized trials respectively. Results: A total of 7688 studies were retrieved from all the sources. After screening all the titles and excluding the duplicates, 28 studies were finally included for text review, and all of them were fit for quality appraisal. The design of the final studies included comprised of 3 RCTs, 14 cohort studies, 9 cross-sectional studies, and 2 case-control studies. Conclusion: There is moderate evidence to show that fixed orthodontic treatment improves OHRQoL and SE in children. OHRQoL also increased in adolescents and adults. However, there is a weak correlation between SE and OHRQoL. More evidence-based studies are needed to analyze the relationship.

J Clin Diagn Res ; 10(10): ZC98-ZC102, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27891469


INTRODUCTION: The orthodontic mini-screws are the mainstay of direct skeletal anchorage which requires minimal compliance and provides maximal anchorage control. However, the timing of initiation of orthodontic loading of these mini-screws is not clearly established in the available studies. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the reciprocal effects on mini-screw implant with immediate loading in comparison to that of delayed loading during retraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective clinical study included a sample of 25 orthodontic patients in the age range of 18-25 years. All the cases were of bi-maxillary proclination with Type-A anchorage demands. All the first premolars were indicated for extraction. A split mouth technique for each patient was utilized by loading mini-implant immediately after its placement on one side and the opposite side implant was loaded after a time lag of two weeks post-insertion. Retraction force of 150g was applied for three months on each side. The displacement of the head and tail of the implant, molar anterior tooth retraction was measured on Orthopantomograph (OPG) taken at T1 (initial) and T2 (after three months). A grid method with each 1mm magnified to 500 pixels was superimposed on OPG and the relative displacements were evaluated. Student's unpaired 't' test was used for comparison between left and right side and paired 't' test for the parameters on the same side. The p-value equal to or less than 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. RESULTS: The mean displacement of head of the implant on the immediate loading is 0.57mm where as the tail exhibited 0.75 mm. The head and tail of the implant on the delayed loading displaced by 0.35mm and 0.38mm respectively, on an average when data was analysed. Significant difference between the two types of loading was noted. CONCLUSION: Delayed loading is beneficial as compared to immediate loading during extraction space closure.

J Clin Diagn Res ; 10(7): ZC35-40, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27630950


INTRODUCTION: The initial leveling and aligning phase has been simplified with the introduction of superelastic nickel-titanium archwires. The relatively high cost of these wires has prompted some of the clinicians to reuse them after sterilization. The quantitative changes in the surface properties of superelastic 'NiTi' wires after clinical application and recycling by autoclave method have not been established in earlier studies. AIM: To quantify the changes in mechanical and physical properties of four different commercially available superelastic nitinol (NiTi) archwires after clinical usage and recycling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The superelastic 'NiTi archwires obtained from four different manufacturers: Group I-GAC (McMinnville, USA); Group II- 3M Company (California, USA); Group III- G&H Company(Franklin, USA) and Group IV- American Orthodontics (AO) (Sheboygan, USA) were selected for the study. Each of the four groups comprised of 20 samples of wire with 10 of them selected randomly as control and remaining 10 as test specimen in each group. The experimental archwires were placed on selected patients for a period of three months followed by Standard Autoclave sterilization at 121°C and 15 to 20 psi pressure for 20 minutes and were retrieved. The tensile strength was evaluated by Instron-Universal Testing Machine. The quantification of changes in surface roughness was investigated by grid method using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The Control Wires (C) were evaluated at initial time "T1" where as the Experimental sample of wires (T) were subjected to testing at an initial time 'T1' and after clinical usage and sterilization at 'T2'. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Paired t-test was used for intra-group comparison and one way ANOVA and Post Hoc Tukey tests were used for inter-group comparison. RESULTS: There was significant decrease in tensile strength (p = 0.0015 to 0.001) and surface roughness (p< 0.001) between control and experimental arch wires within each group when properties at T1 and T2 were compared. CONCLUSION: The study suggests discouraging the use of clinically used and sterilized superelastic NiTi archwires.