Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 68
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 46(4): 4507-4516, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270756

RESUMO

Inherited white matter disorders of the central nervous system frequently are degenerative and progressive clinical entities. They are classified into myelin disorders, including hypomyelination, dysmyelination, demyelination, and myelin vacuolization, but also astrocytopathies, leuko-axonopathies, microgliopathies, and leuko-vasculopathies. Hypomyelinating leukodystrophy is the main feature of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) and Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD1). PMD- and PMLD1-affected patients display comparable neurological symptoms, including psychomotor developmental delay, spasticity, nystagmus, impairment of cognitive skills, sensorineural hearing loss, and different ophthalmological disabilities. While clinical features overlap, PMD and PMLD1 can be distinguished on the molecular genetic level. PMD is caused by mutations in the gene encoding for the proteolipid protein 1 (PLP1), whereas PMLD1 is associated with mutations in the gene encoding for the gap junction protein gamma 2 (GJC2). Here we present novel compound-heterozygous mutations in the GJC2 gene identified in two, unrelated infantile patients affected with PMLD1. The heterozygous frameshift mutations c.392dupC, p.H132Afs*6 and c.989delC, p.P330Rfs*141 were found in the first patient. The heterozygous nonsense variant c.291C>G, p.Y97*, as well as the heterozygous missense variant c.716T>C, p.V239A were detected in the second patient. All four variants were predicted to be damaging for structure and/or function of the GJC2 protein. Combinations of these genetic variants likely are pathogenic and resulted in the PMLD1-phenotype in the investigated children. In conclusion, our clinical and molecular findings confirmed the genotype-phenotype relationship between mutations in the GJC2 and PMLD1. The novel mutations of GJC2 described herein will help to further understand the pathogenic mechanism underlying PMLD1.

2.
Epilepsy Behav ; 98(Pt A): 88-95, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the treatment pattern of patients with Dravet syndrome (DS) in Germany with routine antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and emergency medication, and to review the literature of real-world evidence on medicine utilization of patients with DS in Europe. METHODS: Patient use of routine AEDs and emergency medications over 3-6 months was analyzed from a 2018 multicenter survey of 93 caregivers of patients with DS throughout Germany. Results were contextualized in a review of real-world evidence on medicine utilization of patients with DS in Europe. RESULTS: The variety of medications and the most frequent combinations routinely used by patients with DS (AEDs and others) are described. Patients use a large number of pharmaceutical treatments to manage seizures. The five most commonly used AEDs were sodium valproate (66% of the patients; mean daily dose: 660 mg; 24.5 mg per kg bodyweight), bromide (44%; 1462 mg; 51.2 mg per kg), clobazam (41%; 10.4 mg; 0.32 mg per kg), stiripentol (35%; 797 mg; 27.6 mg per kg), and topiramate (24%; 107 mg; 3.5 mg per kg). Ninety percent had reported using emergency medications in the last 3 months;, with the most common medications being Buccolam (40%, an oromucosal form of midazolam) and diazepam (20%, mostly rectal application). No discernable relationships between current medication and age or seizure frequency were observed. SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first comprehensive report of routine AEDs and emergency medication use in a large sample of patients with DS in Germany over a period of 3-6 months and shows that despite the most common AED combinations being in line with clinical guidelines/best practice, there is no discernable impact of best treatment on seizure frequency. We find a higher use of bromide in Germany compared with other real-world evidence in Europe.

3.
Epilepsia ; 60(8): 1697-1710, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare direct and indirect costs and quality of life (QoL) of pediatric and adult patients with Dravet syndrome (DS), with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) and in seizure remission (SR), and their caregivers, in Germany. METHODS: Questionnaire responses from 93 DS patients and their caregivers were matched by age and gender with responses from 93 DRE and 93 SR patients collected in independent studies, and were compared across main components of QoL, direct costs (patient visits, medication use, care level, medical equipment, and ancillary treatments), and indirect costs (quitting job, reduced working hours, missed days). RESULTS: Mean total direct costs were highest for DS patients (€4864 [median €3564] vs €3049 [median €1506] for DRE [excluding outliers], P = 0.01; and €1007 [median €311], P < 0.001 for SR). Total lost productivity over 3 months was highest among caregivers of pediatric DS (€4757, median €2841), compared with those of DRE (€1541, P < 0.001; median €0) and SR patients (€891, P < 0.001; median €0). The proportions of caregivers in employment were similar across groups (62% DS, 63% DRE, and 63% SR) but DS caregivers were more likely to experience changes to their working situation, such as quitting their job (40% DS vs 16% DRE and 9% SR, P < 0.001 in both comparisons). KINDL scores were significantly lower for DS patients (62 vs 74 and 72, P < 0.001 in both comparisons), and lower than for the average German population (77). Pediatric caregiver EQ-5D scores across all cohorts were comparable with population norms, but more DS caregivers experienced moderate to severe depressive symptoms (24% vs 11% and 5%). Mean Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) score was significantly higher in DS caregivers than either of the other groups (P < 0.001). SIGNIFICANCE: This first comparative study of Dravet syndrome to difficult-to-treat epilepsy and to epilepsy patients in seizure remission emphasizes the excess burden of DS in components of QoL and direct costs. The caregivers of DS patients have a greater impairment of their working lives (indirect costs) and increased depression symptoms.

5.
Seizure ; 69: 92-98, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004927

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify factors correlating with poorer quality of life (QoL) in children and adolescents with epilepsy and regarding QoL and depression of their caregivers in Germany. METHOD: A cross-sectional multicenter study on QoL and depression was performed in two representative German states (Hessen and Schleswig-Holstein). Variance analysis, linear regression, and bivariate correlation were used to identify correlating factors for poorer QoL and symptoms of depression. RESULTS: Data from 489 children and adolescents (mean age 10.4 ± 4.2 years, range 0.5-17.8; 54.0% male) and their caregivers were collected. We identified missing seizure freedom (p = 0.046), concomitant diseases (p = 0.007), hospitalization (p = 0.049), recent status epilepticus (p = 0.035), living in a nursing home or with foster parents (p = 0.049), and relevant degree of disability (p = 0.007) to correlate with poorer QoL in children and adolescents with epilepsy. Poorer QoL of caregivers was associated with longer disease duration (p = 0.004), non-idiopathic (mainly structural-metabolic) epilepsy (p = 0.003), ongoing seizures (p = 0.003), concomitant diseases (p = 0.003), relevant disability (p = 0.003), or status epilepticus (p = 0.003) as well as with unemployment of the primary caretaker (p = 0.010). Symptoms of depression of caregivers were associated with non-idiopathic epilepsy (p = 0.003), concomitant diseases (p = 0.003), missing seizure freedom (p = 0.007), status epilepticus (p = 0.004), or a relevant disability (p = 0.004) of their ward. A poorer QoL value of the children and adolescents correlated with a poorer QoL value of the caregivers (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Epilepsy shows a considerable impact on QoL and symptoms of depression. Early and effective therapy should focus on reduction of seizure frequency and the probability for developing status epilepticus. Furthermore, comprehensive care should pay attention at comorbidities, consequences of disability and dependency on others.

6.
Eur J Paediatr Neurol ; 23(3): 392-403, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871879

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dravet syndrome (DS) is a rare developmental and epileptic encephalopathy. This study estimated cost, cost-driving factors and quality of life (QoL) in patients with Dravet syndrome and their caregivers in a prospective, multicenter study in Germany. METHODS: A validated 3-12-month retrospective questionnaire and a prospective 3-month diary assessing clinical characteristics, QoL, and direct, indirect and out-of-pocket (OOP) costs were administered to caregivers of patients with DS throughout Germany. RESULTS: Caregivers of 93 patients (mean age 10.1 years, ±7.1, range 15 months-33.7 years) submitted questionnaires and 77 prospective diaries. The majority of patients (95%) experienced at least one seizure during the previous 12 months and 77% a status epilepticus (SE) at least once in their lives. Over 70% of patients had behavioural problems and delayed speech development and over 80% attention deficit symptoms and disturbance of motor skills and movement coordination. Patient QoL was lower than in the general population and 45% of caregivers had some form of depressive symptoms. Direct health care costs per three months were a mean of €6,043 ± €5,825 (median €4054, CI €4935-€7350) per patient. Inpatient costs formed the single most important cost category (28%, €1,702 ± €4,315), followed by care grade benefits (19%, €1,130 ± €805), anti-epileptic drug (AED) costs (15%, €892 ± €1,017) and ancillary treatments (9%, €559 ± €503). Total indirect costs were €4,399 ±€ 4,989 (median €0, CI €3466-€5551) in mothers and €391 ± €1,352 (median €0, CI €195-€841) in fathers. In univariate analysis seizure frequency, experience of SE, nursing care level and severe additional symptoms were found to be associated with total direct healthcare costs. Severe additional symptoms was the single independently significant explanatory factor in a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study over a period up to 15 months revealed substantial direct and indirect healthcare costs of DS in Germany and highlights the relatively low patient and caregiver QoL compared with the general population.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Epilepsias Mioclônicas/economia , Epilepsias Mioclônicas/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Nervenarzt ; 90(8): 832-839, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30694366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The diagnosis of epilepsy is often accompanied by relevant restrictions for patients, which may result in disease-specific daily problems that need targeted and professional counseling. Specialized epilepsy counseling services (ECS) were introduced in some German states since 1996 to provide an additional and independent service for epilepsy-related problems. The objective of this prospective, multicenter cohort study at six ECS was to determine and analyze the acceptance, demand and frequent reasons for consultation in Hesse and Lower Franconia. RESULTS: A total of 435 clients were enrolled during the 12-month observation period (June 2014-May 2015) of which 74.3% were adults (n = 323, mean age 40.3 ± 14.7 years, range 18-76 years, 51.7% female) and 25.7% children and adolescents (n = 112, mean age 9.4 ± 4.8 years, range 1-17 years, 52.7% female). The mean number of outpatient consultations per year was 2.5 (median 2.0, SD ± 2.8, range 1-20), whereby a general counseling on dealing with epilepsy (adults 55.7%, children and adolescents 51.8%), clarification and information about the disease (43.7% and 41.1%, respectively) and assistance in applying for support (39.0% and 46.4%, respectively) were the most frequent issues. The distance from the place of residence to the ECS was significantly shorter in Lower Franconia compared to Hesse (p < 0.002). Client satisfaction was high with a mean patient satisfaction questionnaire (ZUF-8) score of 29.0 (maximum score 32). Overall 96.4% of the clients rated the quality of counseling as good or very good and 96.6% would consider consulting the ECS again in case of new problems. In cases of threatened workplace, training position or situation at school, counseling helped to avoid negative consequences in 72.0% of cases. CONCLUSION: The ECS are frequently used, appreciated and effective institutions for adults and children with epilepsy as well as for their caregivers. The ECS complements the existing comprehensive specialized outpatient and inpatient care for epilepsy in Germany; however, in view of their limited numbers and inhomogeneous allocation, the number and the availability of ECS should be expanded on the national level.

8.
Epilepsy Behav ; 92: 114-120, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30654230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of epilepsy is accompanied by relevant personal, interpersonal, and professional restrictions for patients and their caregivers. Specialized epilepsy counseling services (ECS) have been introduced to inform, advise, and support patients with disease-related problems. AIM AND SCOPE: The objective of this cross-sectional, multicenter study was to determine the demand, typical content, and outcomes of ECS in children, adolescents, and adults in two adjacent German regions of Hessen and Lower Franconia. All ECS sites in these regions participated in 2014 and 2015, offering a total population of 7.5 million inhabitants. RESULTS: A total number of 435 patients [323 adults (74.3%), 51.7% female, mean age: 40.3 ±â€¯14.7 years and 112 children/adolescents (25.7%), 52.7% female, mean age: 9.4 ±â€¯4.6 years] were enrolled at six ECS sites. The most common reasons for counseling were general information needs (n = 304; 69.9%), administrative help (n = 208; 47.8%), problems with education or work (n = 176; 40.5%), and recreational activities (n = 119; 27.3%). In addition, 6.2% reported epilepsy-related questions on family planning as a specific reason for desiring counseling. Recommendation by the treating physicians was the most frequent reason for receiving counseling through ECS (62.5%), and most patients preferred to receive a personal consultation (73.1%). Patient satisfaction as measured by the ZUF-8 client satisfaction score was high with a mean of 29.7 points (standard deviation: ±2.7 points, median: 29.9 points), and 83.9% of patients said they would recommend ECS. Disease-related job loss or change in school was avoided in 72% of 82 patients. Suggestions for improvement of ECS included an extension of service hours (58.6%) and a better availability of more sites located nearby (32.8%). CONCLUSION: Epilepsy counseling services are necessary, valued, and effective institutions for people with epilepsy complementing outpatient and inpatient care. To improve the care for people with epilepsy, access to and availability of ECS should be improved.

9.
Clin EEG Neurosci ; : 1550059418794347, 2018 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30117335

RESUMO

Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) due to mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) are eligible candidates for resective epilepsy surgery. We report on 2 male patients aged 4 years with suspected TLE due to MTS who were referred for presurgical evaluation. Both patients came to medical attention within the first year of life suffering from febrile status epileptici and subsequent unprovoked seizures. The following years, moderate developmental delay was present. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging confirmed hippocampal sclerosis. Continuous EEG video monitoring revealed seizure patterns contralateral to the MTS in both patients. Genetic analysis was performed as both the clinical presentation of the patients and EEG video monitoring findings were not consistent with the presence of the hippocampal sclerosis alone and revealed de novo mutations within exon of the SCN1A gene. Resective surgical strategies were omitted due to the genetic findings. In conclusion, both patients suffered from a dual pathology syndrome with ( a) TLE related to MTS resulting most likely from recurrent febrile status in early childhood and ( b) Dravet syndrome, which is most likely the cause of the febrile convulsions leading to the MTS in these 2 patients.

10.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0202022, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30148849

RESUMO

Genetic Generalized Epilepsy (GGE) and benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes or Rolandic Epilepsy (RE) are common forms of genetic epilepsies. Rare copy number variants have been recognized as important risk factors in brain disorders. We performed a systematic survey of rare deletions affecting protein-coding genes derived from exome data of patients with common forms of genetic epilepsies. We analysed exomes from 390 European patients (196 GGE and 194 RE) and 572 population controls to identify low-frequency genic deletions. We found that 75 (32 GGE and 43 RE) patients out of 390, i.e. ~19%, carried rare genic deletions. In particular, large deletions (>400 kb) represent a higher burden in both GGE and RE syndromes as compared to controls. The detected low-frequency deletions (1) share genes with brain-expressed exons that are under negative selection, (2) overlap with known autism and epilepsy-associated candidate genes, (3) are enriched for CNV intolerant genes recorded by the Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) and (4) coincide with likely disruptive de novo mutations from the NPdenovo database. Employing several knowledge databases, we discuss the most prominent epilepsy candidate genes and their protein-protein networks for GGE and RE.

11.
Neuropediatrics ; 49(4): 299-300, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920626
12.
Nat Genet ; 50(7): 1048-1053, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29942082

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a frequent feature of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), but little is known about genetic differences between NDDs with and without epilepsy. We analyzed de novo variants (DNVs) in 6,753 parent-offspring trios ascertained to have different NDDs. In the subset of 1,942 individuals with NDDs with epilepsy, we identified 33 genes with a significant excess of DNVs, of which SNAP25 and GABRB2 had previously only limited evidence of disease association. Joint analysis of all individuals with NDDs also implicated CACNA1E as a novel disease-associated gene. Comparing NDDs with and without epilepsy, we found missense DNVs, DNVs in specific genes, age of recruitment, and severity of intellectual disability to be associated with epilepsy. We further demonstrate the extent to which our results affect current genetic testing as well as treatment, emphasizing the benefit of accurate genetic diagnosis in NDDs with epilepsy.

13.
Neuropediatrics ; 2018 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29482254
14.
Neurol Genet ; 4(1): e210, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29473046

RESUMO

Objective: After the recent publication of the first patients with disease-associated missense variants in the GRIN2D gene, we evaluate the effect of copy number variants (CNVs) overlapping this gene toward the presentation of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). Methods: We explored ClinVar (number of CNVs = 50,794) and DECIPHER (number of CNVs = 28,085) clinical databases of genomic variations for patients with copy number changes overlapping the GRIN2D gene at the 19q13.33 locus and evaluated their respective phenotype alongside their frequency, gene content, and expression, with publicly available reference databases. Results: We identified 11 patients with microduplications at the 19q13.33 locus. The majority of CNVs arose de novo, and comparable CNVs are not present in control databases. All patients were reported to have NDDs and dysmorphic features as the most common clinical phenotype (N = 8/11), followed by seizures (N = 6/11) and intellectual disability (N = 5/11). All duplications shared a consensus region of 405 kb overlapping 13 genes. After screening for duplication tolerance in control populations, positive gene brain expression, and gene dosage sensitivity analysis, we highlight 4 genes for future evaluation: CARD8, C19orf68, KDELR1, and GRIN2D, which are promising candidates for disease causality. Furthermore, investigation of the literature especially supports GRIN2D as the best candidate gene. Conclusions: Our study presents dup19q13.33 as a novel duplication syndrome locus associated with NDDs. CARD8, C19orf68, KDELR1, and GRIN2D are promising candidates for functional follow-up.

15.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 26(2): 258-264, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29358611

RESUMO

Rolandic epilepsy (RE) is the most common focal epilepsy in childhood. To date no hypothesis-free exome-wide mutational screen has been conducted for RE and atypical RE (ARE). Here we report on whole-exome sequencing of 194 unrelated patients with RE/ARE and 567 ethnically matched population controls. We identified an exome-wide significantly enriched burden for deleterious and loss-of-function variants only for the established RE/ARE gene GRIN2A. The statistical significance of the enrichment disappeared after removing ARE patients. For several disease-related gene-sets, an odds ratio >1 was detected for loss-of-function variants.

16.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0191546, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29352316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: KANSL1 haploinsufficiency causes Koolen-de Vries syndrome (KdVS), characterized by dysmorphic features and intellectual disability; amiable personality, congenital malformations and seizures also commonly occur. The epilepsy phenotypic spectrum in KdVS is broad, but most individuals have focal seizures with some having a phenotype resembling the self-limited focal epilepsies of childhood (SFEC). We hypothesized that variants in KANSL1 contribute to pathogenesis of SFEC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We screened KANSL1 for single nucleotide variants in 90 patients with SFEC. We then screened a cohort of 208 patients with two specific SFEC syndromes, childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (CECTS) and atypical childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (ACECTS) for KANSL1 variants. The second cohort was also used to evaluate minor allelic variants that appeared overrepresented in the initial cohort. RESULTS: One variant, p.Lys104Thr, was predicted damaging and appeared overrepresented in our 90-patient cohort compared to Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD) allele frequency (0.217 to 0.116, with no homozygotes in gnomAD). However, there was no difference in p.Lys104Thr allele frequency in the follow-up CECTS/ACECTS cohort and controls. Four rare KANSL1 variants of uncertain significance were identified in the CECTS/ACECTS cohort. DISCUSSION: Our data do not support a major role for KANSL1 variants in pathogenesis of SFEC.


Assuntos
Síndromes Epilépticas/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Criança , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Epilepsias Parciais/genética , Epilepsia Rolândica/genética , Síndromes Epilépticas/etiologia , Frequência do Gene , Variação Genética , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética
17.
Neuropediatrics ; 2018 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29301151
18.
Neuropediatrics ; 49(2): 161-162, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29237191
20.
Neurogenetics ; 18(4): 185-194, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28842795

RESUMO

An X-linked condition characterized by the combination of hypomyelinating leukodystrophy and spondylometaphyseal dysplasia (H-SMD) has been observed in only four families, with linkage to Xq25-27, and recent genetic characterization in two families with a common AIFM1 mutation. In our study, 12 patients (6 families) with H-SMD were identified and underwent comprehensive assessment accompanied by whole-exome sequencing (WES). Pedigree analysis in all families was consistent with X-linked recessive inheritance. Presentation typically occurred between 12 and 36 months. In addition to the two disease-defining features of spondylometaphyseal dysplasia and hypomyelination on MRI, common clinical signs and symptoms included motor deterioration, spasticity, tremor, ataxia, dysarthria, cognitive defects, pulmonary hypertension, nystagmus, and vision loss due to retinopathy. The course of the disease was slowly progressive. All patients had maternally inherited or de novo mutations in or near exon 7 of AIFM1, within a region of 70 bp, including synonymous and intronic changes. AIFM1 mutations have previously been associated with neurologic presentations as varied as intellectual disability, hearing loss, neuropathy, and striatal necrosis, while AIFM1 mutations in this small region present with a distinct phenotype implicating bone. Analysis of cell lines derived from four patients identified significant reductions in AIFM1 mRNA and protein levels in osteoblasts. We hypothesize that AIFM1 functions in bone metabolism and myelination and is responsible for the unique phenotype in this condition.


Assuntos
Fator de Indução de Apoptose/genética , Genes Ligados ao Cromossomo X/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação/genética , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Masculino , Bainha de Mielina/genética , Bainha de Mielina/metabolismo , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Análise de Sequência de DNA
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA