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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115221

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Intraoral scanners (IOSs) have some inherent distortions caused by optical and/or software imperfections. However, how other factors such as operator experience, scan time, scanner type, and scan size influence scan accuracy is not clear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the trueness and precision of scans performed by 3 professionals with different levels of experience by using 2 IOSs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three operators with low, medium, and high levels of experience scanned a master model 10 times by using 2 IOSs (CEREC Omnicam; Dentsply Sirona and TRIOS 3; 3Shape), resulting in 10 standard tessellation language files for each group (N=60). Each standard tessellation language file was divided into 2 areas (prepared teeth and complete arch). Precision was evaluated by comparing the 10 scans from each examiner for each system. Trueness was evaluated by comparing each scan file with a reference scan obtained from a laboratory scanner (D2000; 3Shape). A 3D analysis software program (Geomagic Control; 3D Systems) was used to perform all the comparisons and superimpositions. The 3-way ANOVA test followed by the Tukey HSD test were used to assess precision and trueness. The 2-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey HSD test was used to assess scan time. The Pearson correlation test was performed between scan time and trueness for both scanners. An additional correlation was performed between scan time and number of images, as well as between number of images and trueness for the TRIOS 3. RESULTS: Statistically significant influences of operator (P<.001), scanner (P<.001), scan size (P<.001), operator and scan size (P<.001), and scanner and scan size (P<.001) were observed. The TRIOS 3 group reported higher precision than the CEREC Omnicam group for complete-arch scans (P<.001), although no difference was observed for scans of the prepared tooth. Medium- (P=.002) and low-experience operators (P<.001) reported lower precision for complete-arch scans performed with CEREC Omnicam when compared with TRIOS 3. The low-experience operator reported significantly worse results for complete-arch scans in comparison with the medium- (P=.008 and P<.001) and high-experience operators (P<.001 and P=.001), by using TRIOS 3 and CEREC Omnicam, respectively. Medium- and high-experience operators reported similar results among themselves. The CEREC Omnicam scanner reported lower trueness for complete-arch scans when compared with the prepared tooth (P<.001); for TRIOS 3, a difference was only observed for the low-experience operator when compared with the high-experience operator (P<.001). The CEREC Omnicam reported lower trueness than the TRIOS 3, except for the medium-experience operator with the prepared tooth scan. Comparing the trueness between operators and considering the same scanner and scan size, all groups were similar. The low-experience operator had a longer scanning time than the medium- and high-experience operators. For TRIOS 3, the low-experience operator obtained the highest number of images during each scan. CONCLUSIONS: The accuracy of intraoral scans was influenced by operator experience, type of IOSs, and scan size. More experienced operators and smaller scan sizes made for more accurate scans. In addition, more experienced operators made faster scans, and the TRIOS 3 was more accurate than the CEREC Omnicam for complete-arch scans.

2.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e004, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022223

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze the structural, morphological and mechanical properties of two different lithium disilicate glass-reinforced ceramics for CAD-CAM systems (IPS e.max CAD and Rosetta SM). Five methodologies were used for both ceramics: microstructure (n = 2) was analyzed using x-ray diffraction (XRD); morphological properties (n = 2) were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), with and without hydrofluoric etching; porosity (n = 3) was assessed using 3D micro-computed tomography (micro-CT); flexural strength was measured (n =1 0) using the three-point bending test; and bond strength was determined with self-adhesive resin cement (n = 10), using a microshear bond test. After performing all the tests, the data were analyzed using t-Student test and two-way ANOVA. All the tests used a significance level of α = 0.05. High peak positions corresponding to standard lithium metasilicate and lithium disilicate with similar intensities were observed for both ceramics in the XRD analysis. Morphological analysis showed that the crystalline structure of the two ceramics studied showed no statistical difference after acid etching. Additionally, no significant differences were recorded in the number or size of the pores for the ceramics evaluated. Moreover, no differences in flexural strength were found for the ceramic materials tested, or in the bond strength to ceramic substrates for the resin cements. Based on the study results, no significant differences were found between the two CAD-CAM lithium disilicate glass-reinforced ceramics tested, since they presented similar crystalline structures with comparable intensities, and similar total porosity, flexural strength and bond strength.


Assuntos
Cerâmica/química , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária/química , Vidro/química , Análise de Variância , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Resistência à Flexão , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Porosidade , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície , Difração de Raios X
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e004, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1055523

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the structural, morphological and mechanical properties of two different lithium disilicate glass-reinforced ceramics for CAD-CAM systems (IPS e.max CAD and Rosetta SM). Five methodologies were used for both ceramics: microstructure (n = 2) was analyzed using x-ray diffraction (XRD); morphological properties (n = 2) were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), with and without hydrofluoric etching; porosity (n = 3) was assessed using 3D micro-computed tomography (micro-CT); flexural strength was measured (n =1 0) using the three-point bending test; and bond strength was determined with self-adhesive resin cement (n = 10), using a microshear bond test. After performing all the tests, the data were analyzed using t-Student test and two-way ANOVA. All the tests used a significance level of α = 0.05. High peak positions corresponding to standard lithium metasilicate and lithium disilicate with similar intensities were observed for both ceramics in the XRD analysis. Morphological analysis showed that the crystalline structure of the two ceramics studied showed no statistical difference after acid etching. Additionally, no significant differences were recorded in the number or size of the pores for the ceramics evaluated. Moreover, no differences in flexural strength were found for the ceramic materials tested, or in the bond strength to ceramic substrates for the resin cements. Based on the study results, no significant differences were found between the two CAD-CAM lithium disilicate glass-reinforced ceramics tested, since they presented similar crystalline structures with comparable intensities, and similar total porosity, flexural strength and bond strength.

4.
J Prosthet Dent ; 122(1): 54.e1-54.e6, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202549

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Narrow implants have limited indications, and implant fracture may occur when these indications are not followed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the mechanical behavior of a 2.9-mm-diameter implant using a fatigue limit test and to investigate the Morse effect of 2 different Morse taper systems, 2.9-mm-diameter (FAC group) and 3.75-mm-diameter (CM group) implants, using a pull-out test. The null hypothesis was that the tensile strengths of the components for both systems would be similar. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The fatigue properties of 13 specimens under 6 loads were determined. The test was performed at 15 Hz and for 5×106 cycles. In the pull-out test, the specimens were divided into 2 groups (n=8), the FAC group (2.9-mm-diameter) and the CM group (3.75-mm-diameter). Statistical analysis for the pull-out test was performed with the Student t test (α=.05). RESULTS: Thirteen specimens underwent the fatigue test. Only 5 did not fail when subjected to the frequency and number of cycles examined. Three of the specimens did not fail under a load of 130 N. The pull-out test showed a significant difference between the FAC and CM groups (P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: According to the fatigue test, the extra-narrow implant (Facility; Neodent) was compatible with the low masticatory effort regions, as indicated by the manufacturer. The better performance of the FAC group in the pull-out test may be due to its design, which promotes the pure Morse effect in the implant-abutment interface, and the angulation of its internal conical portion.


Assuntos
Dente Suporte , Implantes Dentários , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Estresse Mecânico
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191405, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1087884

RESUMO

Aim: The crystallization step is required for lithium disilicate ceramics to change color, improve the mechanical properties and yield material to support mouth loading. Several furnaces could complete the crystallization process. This study evaluated the flexural and bond strength of lithium disilicate ceramics crystallized by different furnaces with the presence or not of vacum and different holding time. Methods: Forty lithium disilicate samples were divided into two groups: Programat P300 - control group with vacuum and holding time 7 minutes (CG) and FVPlus- experimental group and without vacuum and holding time 25 minutes (EG) and submitted to 2 experimental tests: 3-point flexural strength test and micro shear bond strength test (µSBS). For this test, the surface of the samples was treated and 1mm² of resin cement was applied on the surface. The samples were stored in artificial saliva over 2 time periods (24 hours: T0; 1-month storage: T1). To analyze the morphologic crystals of the ceramics tested, one representative specimen from each group were analyzed by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Results: There was no significant difference in 3-point flexural strength test between groups CG and EG (p= 0.984). The µSBS results showed no statistical difference between groups, considering different storage time. There was no difference in the 3-point flexural strength and µSBS for lithium disilicate samples regardless of heat treatment of furnace type. The storage time had no influence on the µSBS. No differences were noted in the shape and size of these crystals when comparing the furnace analyzed by SEM images. Conclusion: Different furnaces did not influence the flexural and bond strength of lithium disilicate ceramics


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Compostos de Lítio , Resistência ao Cisalhamento
6.
Prosthes. Esthet. Sci ; 7(28): 55-60, jul-set 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-946448

RESUMO

Alguns pacientes podem apresentar dificuldades motoras que inviabilizam a adequada higienização de próteses implantossuportadas. No entanto, a utilização de escovas elétricas pode compensar essas dificuldades e melhorar a qualidade de higiene oral. O presente trabalho relata um caso clínico que utilizou escova dental elétrica Philips Sonicar e AirFloss Ultra® como meio de higienização da área de implante osseointegrado exposta pós necrose óssea. Paciente dirigiu-se a um serviço de reabilitação oral com desconforto em prótese implantada ferulizada de três elementos localizada no arco inferior direito. Após análise clínica e diagnóstico, o paciente foi orientado quanto as etapas do tratamento, assim como a necessidade da manutenção dos tecidos peri-implantares através de uma correta higienização. Após um ano é possível verificar uma condição satisfatória da região avaliada e maior satisfação do paciente quanto ao método de limpeza empregado. (AU).


Some patients may present motor difficulties that prevent the adequate hygiene of implanted prosthesis. However, the use of electric toothbrushes can compensate these difficulties and improve the quality of oral hygiene. The present study reported the case of a patient who used Philips Sonicar electric brush and AirFloss Ultra® to clean an osseointegrated implant area exposed after bone necrosis. Patient went to an oral rehabilitation service with discomfort in a three-element splinted implanted prosthesis area, located in the lower right arch. After clinical analysis and diagnosis, the patient was advised on the steps of treatment as well as the necessity of the maintenance of the peri-implant tissues with a correct oral hygiene. After one year, it is still possible to verify a satisfactory condition of the evaluated region and greater satisfaction of the patient regarding the cleaning method employed. (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Higiene Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Escovação Dentária , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Escovação Dentária/métodos
7.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 26: e20180004, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133672

RESUMO

Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the cavity preparation and ceramic type on the stress distribution, tooth strain, fracture resistance and fracture mode of human molar teeth restored with onlays. Material and Methods Forty-eight molars were divided into four groups (n=12) with assorted combinations of two study factors: BL- conventional onlay preparation with boxes made from leucite ceramic (IPS-Empress CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent); NBL- conservative onlay preparation without boxes made from leucite ceramic; BD- conventional onlay preparation with boxes made from lithium disilicate glass ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent); NBL- conservative onlay preparation with boxes made from lithium disilicate glass ceramic cuspal deformation (µS) was measured at 100 N and at maximum fracture load using strain gauge. Fracture resistance (N) was measured using a compression test, and the fracture mode was recorded. Finite element analysis was used to evaluate the stress distribution by modified von Mises stress criteria. The tooth strain and fracture resistance data were analyzed using the Tukey test and two-way ANOVA, and the fracture mode was analyzed by the chi-square test (α=0.05). Results The leucite ceramic resulted in higher tooth deformation at 100 N and lower tooth deformation at the maximum fracture load than the lithium disilicate ceramic (P<0.001). The lithium disilicate ceramic exhibited higher fracture resistance than the leucite ceramic (P<0.001). The conservative onlay resulted in higher fracture strength for lithium disilicate ceramic. Finite element analysis results showed the conventional cavity preparation resulted in higher stress concentration in the ceramic restoration and remaining tooth than the conservative onlay preparation. The conservative onlays exhibited increased fracture resistance, reduced stress concentration and more favorable fracture modes. Conclusion Molars restored with lithium disilicate CAD-CAM ceramic onlays exhibited higher fracture resistance than molars restored with leucite CAD-CAM ceramic onlays.


Assuntos
Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Cerâmica/química , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Porcelana Dentária/química , Restaurações Intracoronárias/métodos , Fraturas dos Dentes , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Análise de Variância , Resinas Compostas/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Dente Molar , Poliuretanos/química , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20180004, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-954510

RESUMO

Abstract Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the cavity preparation and ceramic type on the stress distribution, tooth strain, fracture resistance and fracture mode of human molar teeth restored with onlays. Material and Methods Forty-eight molars were divided into four groups (n=12) with assorted combinations of two study factors: BL- conventional onlay preparation with boxes made from leucite ceramic (IPS-Empress CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent); NBL- conservative onlay preparation without boxes made from leucite ceramic; BD- conventional onlay preparation with boxes made from lithium disilicate glass ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent); NBL- conservative onlay preparation with boxes made from lithium disilicate glass ceramic cuspal deformation (µS) was measured at 100 N and at maximum fracture load using strain gauge. Fracture resistance (N) was measured using a compression test, and the fracture mode was recorded. Finite element analysis was used to evaluate the stress distribution by modified von Mises stress criteria. The tooth strain and fracture resistance data were analyzed using the Tukey test and two-way ANOVA, and the fracture mode was analyzed by the chi-square test (α=0.05). Results The leucite ceramic resulted in higher tooth deformation at 100 N and lower tooth deformation at the maximum fracture load than the lithium disilicate ceramic (P<0.001). The lithium disilicate ceramic exhibited higher fracture resistance than the leucite ceramic (P<0.001). The conservative onlay resulted in higher fracture strength for lithium disilicate ceramic. Finite element analysis results showed the conventional cavity preparation resulted in higher stress concentration in the ceramic restoration and remaining tooth than the conservative onlay preparation. The conservative onlays exhibited increased fracture resistance, reduced stress concentration and more favorable fracture modes. Conclusion Molars restored with lithium disilicate CAD-CAM ceramic onlays exhibited higher fracture resistance than molars restored with leucite CAD-CAM ceramic onlays.

9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 16: e17058, jan.-dez. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-883731

RESUMO

Abstract: Microscopic measurements are widely used in scientific research and the correct equipment to perform these evaluations could be critical to determine study results. Regarding microscopic measurements, three of the most used methods are: Optical Microscopy (OM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Micro-computed Tomography (MCT). It is important to select the best method for assessing diverse parameters, considering operational characteristics of the method, the equipment efficiency, and the machinery cost. Aim: Therefore, the main objective of this study was to define which is the most useful measurement method for assessing magnitudes below 0.4 mm. Methods: Ten dental implants, with known dimensions as defined by the manufacturer were randomly distributed. Two blinded observers assessed the distance between the second and the third screw vortex of the implants using three suggested methods. The true distance was defined to be 0.5 mm. Results: The assessed distances were: 0.597±0.007mm for OM, 0.578±0.017mm for SEM, and 0.613±0.006mm for MCT. The assessed distances were significantly different when the methods were compared (P>0.01). All measurements were into the CAD tolerances. Conclusion: It was possible to conclude that linear easurements between 595 and 605 µm could be performed by any of the described technologies (AU)


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Medidas, Métodos e Teorias , Microscopia Eletroquímica de Varredura/métodos , Microscopia/métodos , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
10.
Prosthes. Lab. Sci ; 6(23): 62-66, abr.-jun. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-877462

RESUMO

Para obter estética e funcionalidade em prótese implantada, vários detalhes devem ser observados. Um detalhe importante em próteses do tipo protocolo é a presença de espaço para higienização. Este caso clínico relata um caso em que a paciente utilizava uma prótese do tipo protocolo superior e prótese parcial removível inferior Classe I de Kennedy. Contudo, a paciente estava insatisfeita com sua prótese superior em relação à estética e dificuldade para higienização. Durante a consulta para diagnóstico e planejamento esses problemas reportados pela pacientes ficaram evidentes: mal posicionamento dos dentes, falta de espaço para corredor bucal e desvio de linha média. foi proposto a paciente a confecção de novas próteses superior e inferior, que seguiram todos os passos necessários para alcançar estética e funcionalidade. A etapa de prova de dentes superiores foi realizada três vezes, até que estivesse ideal. Após a acrilização da prótese superior foram criadas pequenas canaletas para guiar a passagem do fio dental entre os implantes, facilitando o processo de higienização. Este caso clínico demonstra que todos os parâmetros necessários para a confecção de uma prótese total adequada devem ser respeitados durante a confecção de uma prótese do tipo protocolo sobre implantes. Além disso, a confecção das canaletas para higienização permite que o paciente realize esse processo de forma satisfatória, podendo aumentar o tempo de sucesso do tratamento.


To achieve good aesthetics and function in implant-supported dental prosthesis several details must be observed. One important detail for protocol-type prosthesis is the presence of a cleansing space. This paper reports the case of a patient with upper protocol-type prosthesis and an inferior partial Kennedy Class I removable prosthesis. however, the patient was unsatisfied with the aesthetics of the upper prosthesis as well as with the difficulty of cleaning it. During consultation for diagnosis and planning the problems reported by the patient became evident: wrong positioning of the teeth, lack of buccal corridor and midline deviation. The recommendation was to manufacture new lower and upper prostheses, following all the required steps in order to achieve satisfactory aesthetics and function. for the upper teeth try-in stages were performed, until the ideal fit was reached. After acrylic cure of the upper prosthesis was performed, furrows were created in the region between the implants, serving as guide to facilitate the passage of dental floss, making it easier to clean the prosthesis. The aim of this study was to demonstrate, that all the parameters observed in the manufacture of a conventional complete denture should be followed in the confection of protocol type prosthesis. Also, the furrows allow proper hygiene, which may increase the duration of the treatment success.


Assuntos
Humanos , Implantes Dentários , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Planejamento de Dentadura , Prótese Total , Higiene Bucal , Próteses e Implantes
11.
Gen Dent ; 65(1): e14-e16, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28068275

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of abutments with a prosthetic index on the fracture resistance of Morse taper dental implants. Morse taper implants were divided into 2 groups (n = 5 per group): a group with an indexed implant and a nonindexed abutment (solid Morse taper universal post; WIS group), and a group with an indexed implant and an indexed abutment (WIP group). Both groups were subjected to bending tests for fracture strength until 5 mm of displacement or implant fracture occurred. Statistical analysis was performed using the Student t test (α = 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the mean fracture values, which were 305.8 N and 318.6 N for the WIS group and WIP group, respectively. The presence of a prosthetic index on Morse taper abutments did not influence the resistance to fracture.


Assuntos
Dente Suporte , Implantes Dentários , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Dente Suporte/normas , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô/normas , Implantes Dentários/normas , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos
12.
Full dent. sci ; 8(30): 22-26, 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-909786

RESUMO

Diversas substâncias antibacterianas são utilizadas nos parafusos dos componentes sobre implantes para prevenir a proliferação bacteriana no interior destes e a microinfiltração bacteriana. Este estudo tem como objetivo comparar a eficiência de diversas concentrações dos géis de clorexidina (1%, 2% e 2,5%) e tetraciclina (1%, 2% e 2,5%) e a pomada Neosporin, antibacterianos utilizados no interior de implantes. A eficiência antibacteriana foi determinada pelas zonas de inibição obtidas por meio do método de difusão em ágar, em placas previamente semeadas com Escherichia coli (ATCC 35218). O diâmetro da inibição antibacteriana foi mensurado (mm) e estatisticamente analisado (One-way ANOVA, α = 0.05). De acordo com os resultados deste estudo, os géis de tetraciclina 1%, 2% e 2,5% apresentaram maior halo inibitório, sendo estatisticamente significante, com médias de halos de 14,8 mm, 15,4 mm e 15,3 mm, respectivamente, enquanto que os géis de clorexidina 1%, 2% e 2,5% apresentaram médias de halos de 6,31 mm, 6,31 mm e 6,36 mm; a pomada de Neosporin® apresentou halo, com média de 3,28 mm, sendo os menores halos de inibição. Pode-se concluir que os géis de tetraciclina apresentam maior eficiência na atividade antibacteriana, sendo, dentre os materiais testados, o gel de tetraciclina a 1% o mais indicado para ser utilizado por não apresentar diferenças significantes em relação a outras concentrações desta substância (AU).


To prevent bacterial microleakage and growth, several antibacterial substances are randomly used inside dental implants. This study aimed to compare the efficiency of three antibacterial substances in different concentrations, used inside implants: chlorhexidine gel (1%, 2% and 2.5%) and tetracycline gel (1%, 2% and 2.5%) and Neosporin ointment. Antibacterial efficiency was determined by the diameter of inhibition zones obtained through agar diffusion method on plates previously seeded with Escherichia coli (ATCC 35218). The diameter of the antibacterial inhibition was measured (mm) and submitted to statistical analysis (One-way ANOVA, α= 0.05). According to the results of this study, statistically significant differences were observed among the substances. Tetracycline gels have presented the largest growth inhibition zones with means of 14.8 mm (1%)15.4 mm (2%) and 15.3 mm (2.5%), while chlorhexidine gel had mean zones of 6.31 mm (1%), 6.31 mm (2%) and 6.36 mm (2.5%); Neosporin® ointment had the lower zones with an average of 3.28 mm. It can be concluded that tetracycline gels are more effective against the antibacterial activity (AU).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Clorexidina , Implantação Dentária/métodos , Peri-Implantite/diagnóstico , Tetraciclina/uso terapêutico , Análise de Variância , Brasil
13.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 1(7): 1302-1308, out.-nov. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-847940

RESUMO

Este caso clínico relata o uso de uma prótese obturadora tipo overdenture para compensar a deficiência estética em um paciente previamente irradiado. Um indivíduo do sexo masculino, 73 anos de idade, que possuía uma prótese sobre três implantes dentários foi acometido de câncer no seio maxilar e assoalho da órbita. Seis doses de cisplatina e 35 sessões de radioterapia (dose diária 1,8 Gy) foram executadas. Após a maxilectomia, apenas um implante restou na região anterior. O tratamento consistiu de uma prótese obturadora tipo overdenture com encaixe tipo Equator. O paciente retornou um ano depois, sem alterações estéticas e com nível de satisfação melhorado. Entretanto, o anel borrachoide do encaixe foi trocado. Reabilitações implantossuportadas e mucorretidas que recebem carregamento tardio pode melhorar o prognóstico de implantes dentais em pacientes irradiados. Este cuidado mostra que este cenário ainda requer maior atenção da comunidade científica, na busca por meios de prevenir e minimizar os danos causados pela radioterapia, por inovações tecnológicas e protocolos regenerativos que potencializem a osseointegração. Com isso, a Odontologia poderá contribuir ainda mais com a melhora da qualidade de vida de pacientes, devolvendo satisfação pessoal e autoestima.


This case describes the use of an obturator-type overdenture prosthesis to compensate for the aesthetic defi ciency in a previously irradiated patient. A 73 years-old male, who had a prosthesis on three dental implants was diagnosed with cancer in the maxillary sinus and orbital floor. Six doses of cisplatin and 35 radiotherapy sessions (daily doses of 1.8 Gy) were performed. After maxillectomy, only one implant survived in the anterior region. The treatment consisted of an obturator overdenture with the Equator attachment. The patient returned one year later without cosmetic changes and demonstrated an enhanced satisfaction level. However, the o-ring rubber was replaced. Implant-supported, mucosa-retained restorations receiving delayed loading can improve the prognosis of dental implants in irradiated patients. Also, this scenario still requires more attention from the scientific community seeking for new ways to prevent and minimize damages caused by radiation, technological innovations, and regenerative protocols that enhance osseointegration. Thus, dentistry can further contribute to improving the quality of life of patients, returning their personal satisfaction and self-esteem.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Revestimento de Dentadura , Neoplasias Bucais , Reabilitação Bucal , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia/métodos
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 15(3)July-Sept. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-875030

RESUMO

Aim: Evaluate the masticatory performance in patients with different clinical situations: patients with natural dentition without restorative and/or orthodontic intervention (Group CG) and patients with restorations and/or orthodontic intervention (Group TG). Subjects received instruction before the experiment, related to masticatory movements. Methods: Three capsules containing the granules were delivered separately to chew for 20 seconds each, controlled by the examiner. One capsule was chewed for 20 seconds only on the left side; the second capsule was chewed for 20 seconds only on the right side; and the third capsule was chewed for 20 seconds to simulate each patient's mastication. The mean data and standard deviation of masticatory function of each patient was calculated. Results: The results obtained in this study showed that there were no statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) between both tested groups (0.0320 ± 0.00716, 0.0436 ± 0.00974). Conclusions: Patients who were submitted to orthodontic and/or restorative procedures, with balanced occlusion could be used as a control group, making easier the patient recruitment. Clinicians and researchers on masticatory performance evaluation could apply the colorimetric method. The colorimetric method was a standardize method, effective and easy to execute. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Colorimetria , Dentição Permanente , Mastigação
16.
Prosthes. Lab. Sci ; 6(21): 52-57, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-837403

RESUMO

Os componentes dinâmicos surgiram como alternativa para reabilitar implantes inclinados em até 20°, possibilitando o restabelecimento da estética, função e reduzindo os custos do procedimento. Sendo assim, o objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar um relato de caso utilizando esses componentes. Durante o exame clínico foi diagnosticado que os implantes apresentavam profundidade gengival rasa, inclinação e paralelismo desfavoráveis. Dessa forma, foi optado pela utilização de pilares retos com componentes dinâmicos, que irão corrigir a inclinação do orifício de acesso do parafuso da prótese definitiva.


Dynamic components were created as an alternative to rehabilitate tilted implants until 20º angled. This component allows aesthetic and function rehabilitation with lower cost comparing to angled abutments. The aim of this study was to present a case report us-ing these dynamic components. The patient presented tilted implants with gingival shallow depth, with unfavourable parallelism. Thus, straight abutment and dynamic components were concomitantly used to correct the access screw hole inclination of final the prosthesis.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Implantes Dentários , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Estética Dentária , Reabilitação Bucal/métodos , Ajuste Oclusal/métodos , Dimensão Vertical
17.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 72(1/2): 56-61, Jan.-Jun. 2015.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-792060

RESUMO

Os implantes cone morse associados a pilares com plataforma switching têm proporcionado resultados promissores com relação à estabilidade dos tecidos peri-implantares. Isso se deve ao perfil cônico do componente protético, à íntima adaptação na interface implante/pilar e ao menor acúmulo de biofilme bacteriano. Para isso, deve-se levar em consideração o posicionamento infraósseo do implante. Essa configuração implante/pilar possui resistência à fratura superior em relação aos sistemas convencionais e, além disso, devido à manutenção da crista óssea e da diversidade de pilares e componentes protéticos, possibilita reabilitações orais estéticas e biocompatíveis.


Morse taper implants associated with platform switching abutments have provided promising results with respect to the stability of peri-implant tissues. This is due to the conical profile of the abutment, the intimate adaptation at the implant/abutment interface, and to the lower accumulation of bacterial biofilm. For this, it has been proposed the insertion of the implants below the crestal bone level. This implant/ abutment configuration presents higher fracture strength compared to the conventional systems and, in addition, because of the maintenance of crestal bone and the diversity of abutments and prosthetic components, provides aesthetic and biocompatible oral rehabilitations.

18.
Braz Oral Res ; 292015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25627892

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of deformation from compression caused by different diameters of Morse taper implants and the residual deformation after load removal. Thirty Morse taper implants lacking external threads were divided into 3 groups (n = 10) according to their diameter as follows: 3.5 mm, 4.0 mm and 5.0 mm. Two-piece abutments were fixed into the implants, and the samples were subjected to compressive axial loading up to 1500 N of force. During the test, one strain gauge remained fixed to the cervical portion of each implant to measure the strain variation. The strain values were recorded at two different time points: at the maximum load (1500 N) and 60 seconds after load removal. To calculate the strain at the implant/abutment interface, a mathematical formula was applied. Data were analyzed using a one-way Anova and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The 5.0 mm diameter implant showed a significantly lower strain (650.5 µS ± 170.0) than the 4.0 mm group (1170.2 µS ± 374.7) and the 3.5 mm group (1388.1 µS ± 326.6) (p < 0.001), regardless of the load presence. The strain values decreased by approximately 50% after removal of the load, regardless of the implant diameter. The 5.0 mm implant showed a significantly lower strain at the implant/abutment interface (943.4 µS ± 504.5) than the 4.0 mm group (1057.4 µS ± 681.3) and the 3.5 mm group (1159.6 µS ± 425.9) (p < 0.001). According to the results of this study, the diameter influenced the strain around the internal and external walls of the cervical region of Morse taper implants; all diameters demonstrated clinically acceptable values of strain.


Assuntos
Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Implantes Dentários , Análise de Variância , Força Compressiva , Fricção , Teste de Materiais , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Valores de Referência , Estresse Mecânico , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-6, 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777271

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of deformation from compression caused by different diameters of Morse taper implants and the residual deformation after load removal. Thirty Morse taper implants lacking external threads were divided into 3 groups (n = 10) according to their diameter as follows: 3.5 mm, 4.0 mm and 5.0 mm. Two-piece abutments were fixed into the implants, and the samples were subjected to compressive axial loading up to 1500 N of force. During the test, one strain gauge remained fixed to the cervical portion of each implant to measure the strain variation. The strain values were recorded at two different time points: at the maximum load (1500 N) and 60 seconds after load removal. To calculate the strain at the implant/abutment interface, a mathematical formula was applied. Data were analyzed using a one-way Anova and Tukey’s test (α = 0.05). The 5.0 mm diameter implant showed a significantly lower strain (650.5 μS ± 170.0) than the 4.0 mm group (1170.2 μS ± 374.7) and the 3.5 mm group (1388.1 μS ± 326.6) (p < 0.001), regardless of the load presence. The strain values decreased by approximately 50% after removal of the load, regardless of the implant diameter. The 5.0 mm implant showed a significantly lower strain at the implant/abutment interface (943.4 μS ± 504.5) than the 4.0 mm group (1057.4 μS ± 681.3) and the 3.5 mm group (1159.6 μS ± 425.9) (p < 0.001). According to the results of this study, the diameter influenced the strain around the internal and external walls of the cervical region of Morse taper implants; all diameters demonstrated clinically acceptable values of strain.


Assuntos
Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Implantes Dentários , Análise de Variância , Força Compressiva , Fricção , Teste de Materiais , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Valores de Referência , Estresse Mecânico , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 282014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25141015

RESUMO

The aim of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate patient rehabilitation with two immediately loaded implants and bar-retained mandibular overdentures after 48 months of follow-up. Twenty patients were treated with two implants each; of these, 17 patients were re-evaluated for comparison. Gender, age, plaque index, gingival inflammation, keratinized mucosa, probing depth, bleeding, and implant loss data were recorded, and periapical radiographs were obtained for measurement of marginal bone loss. The results were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Student's t-test and Pearson's correlation test. To compare the data at baseline and after 48 months, a Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test was performed (α = 0.05). One implant failed (2.9%) during the first year and was replaced. A total of 35 implants were evaluated. Bone loss values were 0.52-2.89 mm (mean, 1.46 mm). Probing depth was 1.75-3.75 mm (mean, 2.22 mm). Correlations were found between bone loss and plaque index and between bone loss and gender, but bone loss did not correlate with gingival inflammation, keratinized mucosa, probing depth, or age. The overall survival rate of the implants was 97.1%. Based on these results, the use of two immediately loaded splinted interforaminal implants to retain an overdenture with a bar attachment is a clinically viable option with a high survival rate.


Assuntos
Revestimento de Dentadura , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário/métodos , Mandíbula , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda do Osso Alveolar , Análise de Variância , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca Edêntula/reabilitação , Índice Periodontal , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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