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1.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729609

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis denotes hyperplasia and intense inflammatory process. Treatment involves exercise protocols and use of resources such as low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to modulate the inflammatory process and maintain physical capacity. The objective was to investigate whether treatment with LLLT and exercise modulates the inflammatory process and peripheral functionality. Sample is composed of 128 male rats, separated into three groups, control, treated and untreated, in the acute and chronic period of the disease with 64 animals in each group, divided into 8 subgroups with n = 8. The animals were immunized with injection at the base of the tail and 7 days after intra-articular injection with complete Freund adjuvant (CFA) for lesion groups, and saline solution for the controls. Joint disability was evaluated by PET (paw elevation time) and joint edema and treated with LLLT and/or resisted stair climbing exercise. Normality Shapiro-Wilk test, ANOVA mixed for the functional analyses, and ANOVA one-way for the variables of cellular differentiation, with Bonferroni post hoc, p = 5% were used. For the evaluations of joint disability and nociception, there was a significant difference between the evaluations, the groups, and the interaction groups-evaluations. The treated groups showed recovery of functionality; it is still verified that laser therapy increased the nociceptive threshold of the chronic inflammatory period, and the exercise reflected in significant functional improvement and modulation of the inflammatory process both in the acute and chronic periods. LLLT, resistance exercise, or a combination of treatments had a positive effect on the modulation of the inflammatory process, reducing the migration of leukocytes, in addition to helping the return of peripheral functionality by reducing joint disability in a model of rheumatoid arthritis induced by CFA in rats.

2.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 25(4): 382-387, out.-dez. 2018. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975353

RESUMO

RESUMO Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo identificar os principais efeitos adversos observados por fisioterapeutas com o uso de aparelhos de eletrotermofototerapia em clínicas da cidade de Cascavel, Paraná. A amostra contou com 35 clínicas e destas, 25 foram alvo de coleta após triagem, cujos dados foram obtidos por questionários em forma de entrevista semiestruturada. Nestes se questionava aos responsáveis pelo serviço de eletrotermofototerapia sobre a ocorrência de efeitos adversos experienciados durante atividades laborais na clínica. Observou-se que a Neuroestimulação Elétrica Transcutânea (TENS) apresentou problemas em 64% dos casos, com 36% devido a irritações cutâneas e 28% a dor. O aparelho de ondas curtas apresentou efeitos adversos em 60%, em que 40% foram queixas de dor e 20% causaram queimaduras leves. Já acerca do ultrassom terapêutico foram relatados efeitos adversos em 52%, sendo 32% de quadros de dor e 20% de casos com náuseas. A laserterapia de baixa potência demonstrou efeito adverso em 36%, com relatos de aumento da sensibilidade local. Por fim, os aparelhos de média frequência apresentaram efeitos adversos em apenas 20% dos casos, de queixas de náuseas. A quantidade de tais efeitos encontrados foi importante, porém sua gravidade não causou grande preocupação.


RESUMEN Este estudio propone identificar los principales efectos adversos observados por fisioterapeutas con el uso de aparatos de electrotermofototerapia en clínicas de la ciudad de Cascavel, Paraná (Brasil). De la muestra han participado 35 clínicas, de las cuales restaron 25 después del triaje, cuyos datos fueron obtenidos por cuestionarios en forma de entrevista semiestructurada. Estos contenían preguntas al responsable del servicio de electrotermofototerapia sobre la ocurrencia de los efectos adversos ocurridos durante el trabajo en la clínica. Se observó que el Electroestimulación Transcutánea (TENS, en inglés) presentó problemas en un 64 % de los casos, con un 36 % debido a irritaciones de la piel y un 28 % al dolor. En el aparato de ondas cortas se verificó efectos adversos en un 60 %, de las cuales un 40 % fueron de quejas de dolor y un 20 % de quemaduras leves. Sobre el ultrasonido terapéutico, se han divulgado los efectos adversos en un 52 %, de los cuales un 32 % fueron síntomas de dolor y un 20 % casos con náuseas. La terapia con láser de baja intensidad resultó en efectos adversos en el 36 %, con informes de aumento de la sensibilidad local. Por último, los dispositivos de frecuencia media revelaron efectos adversos en sólo el 20 % de los casos de las quejas de náuseas. La cantidad de estos efectos encontrados es importante, pero su gravedad no demostró gran preocupación.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to identify the main adverse effects observed by physical therapists using electrothermal phototherapy devices in clinics in the city of Cascavel, Paraná. The sample comprised 35 clinics, of which 25 were submitted to data collection after sorting. Data were collected through questionnaires in the form of semi-structured interview. In these questionnaires, the responsible for providing the electrothermal phototherapy service were asked about the occurrence of adverse effects experienced during labor activities at the clinic. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) showed problems in 64% of cases, being 36% due to skin irritations and 28% due to pain. The shortwave apparatus showed adverse effects in 60% of cases, of which 40% consisted of complaints of pain and 20% caused minor burns. Regarding therapeutic ultrasound, adverse effects were reported in 52% of cases, of which 32% were episodes of pain and 20% of nausea. The low-power laser therapy showed adverse effect on 36% of cases, with reports of increased local sensitivity. Finally, the medium frequency devices had adverse effect in only 20% of cases, being complaints of nausea. The amount of such effects found was important, but their gravity did not cause major concern.

3.
Motriz (Online) ; 23(2): e101603, 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-841841

RESUMO

Abstract Aim To evaluate if the application of infrared low-level laser therapy (LLLT) alters proprioception in young women. Methods 26 female volunteers were evaluated statically and dynamically by means of electronic baropodometry in the variables: distance from the foot center, maximum and medium pressure, and surface. Proprioception was also functionally assessed by the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). The intervention occurred in two distinct periods, separated by one week apart, as this was a crossover study, so volunteers were submitted to placebo or LLLT (830 nm, 8 J/cm2), on the muscles: gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis previous and long and short fibular. Results the analysis of baropodometry for both dynamic and static found no significant differences for the intervention group and the control group. Similar results were observed for SEBT. Conclusion The application of the LLLT, in the proposed parameters, did not influence the proprioception in young women.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Cinestesia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Sistema Nervoso , Equilíbrio Postural
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