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Opt Express ; 23(11): 14344-50, 2015 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26072798


The photodesorption kinetics of graphene with various UV laser power is studied by conductance response. Analytical expressions of the power-dependent photodesorption kinetics of graphene in ambience are derived. The photodesorption time constant τd, steady current, and magnitude of modulation current, can be expressed as functions of the adsorption time constant τa, desorption cross section σ, and photon flux density. Under illumination the steady occupation ratio of adsorbed O2 on graphene is equal to τd/τa. It is suggested that the photodesorption of O2 on graphene is attributed the injection of photogenerated hot electrons and is restricted by the density of antibonding states of O2.

J Phys Condens Matter ; 22(18): 185601, 2010 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21393687


We numerically study the ground state phase diagram of the two-dimensional hard-core Bose-Hubbard model with nearest-(V(1)) and next-nearest-neighbour (V(2)) repulsions. In particular, we focus on the quarter-filled phases where one supersolid and two solid phases are observed. Using both canonical and grand canonical quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) methods and a mean-field calculation, we provide evidence for the existence of a commensurate supersolid. Despite the two possible diagonal long-range orderings for the solid phase, only one kind of supersolid phase is found to be energetically stable. The competition between the two solid phases manifests itself as a first-order phase transition around 2V(2) ∼ V(1). The change of order parameters as a function of the chemical potential is also presented.

Phys Rev Lett ; 97(12): 127204, 2006 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17025995


Using the quantum Monte Carlo method, we study, under external magnetic fields, the ground state phase diagram of the two-dimensional spin S=1/2 dimer model with an anisotropic intraplane antiferromagnetic coupling. With the anisotropy 4 greater/approximately Delta greater/approximately 3, a supersolid phase characterized by a nonuniform Bose condensate density that breaks translational symmetry is found. The rich phase diagram also contains a checkerboard solid, an antiferromagnet in the z axis, and a superfluid phase formed by S(z)= +1 spin triplets which has a finite staggered magnetization in the in-plane direction. As we show, the model can be realized as a consequence of including the next nearest neighbor coupling among dimers and our results suggest that spin dimer systems may be an ideal model system to study the supersolid phase.