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1.
Anesth Analg ; 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35426836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Because it is traditionally difficult and time-consuming to identify the foramen ovale (FO) with fluoroscopy, we recently developed the H-figure method to acquire fluoroscopic view of FO with shorter procedure time and less radiation. However, the impact of such an H-figure approach on the clinical outcomes of trigeminal ganglion radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFT) in treating idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN) remains unclear. METHODS: In a 12-month follow-up retrospective cohort study, patients with ITN had fluoroscopy-guided RFT of trigeminal ganglion via either classic approach (n = 100) or H-figure approach (n = 136) to identify FO. Data of continuous variables were analyzed with a Shapiro-Wilk test for normality and subsequently with a Mann-Whitney test, and the binary data were analyzed with a χ2 test. The primary outcome was the facial pain measured by a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) 1 year after the treatment. The secondary outcomes included the quality of the fluoroscopic FO views, the threshold voltage to provoke paresthesia, the procedure time, the number of fluoroscopic images, and the facial numbness VAS. RESULTS: Compared with the classic approach group, the H-figure approach group was associated with better long-term pain relief after the procedure, with significantly fewer patients had pain 3 months (6.6% vs 17.0%, P = .012) and 12 months (21.3% vs 38.0%, P = .005) after the procedure, and among patients who had pain after the procedure, patients in the H-figure group had significantly less pain 6 months after the procedure (VAS median [interquartile range (IQR)]: 3 [2-6] vs 6 [4-7], P < .001). Moreover, compared to the classic approach, the H-figure approach provided better fluoroscopic view of FO, lower threshold voltage to elicit paresthesia (median [IQR]: 0.2 [0.2-0.3] vs 0.4 [0.4-0.5] V, P < .0001), with shorter procedure time (median [IQR]: 7.5 [6.0-9.0] vs 14.0 [10.0-18.0] min, P < .0001), and required fewer fluoroscopic images (median [IQR]: 4.0 [3.0-5.0] vs 8.0 [6.0-10.0], P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: RFT of the trigeminal ganglion using the H-figure approach is associated with superior longer term clinical pain relief than the classic approach in treating ITN.

2.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(21): 5900-5908, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For parturients with paroxysmal uterine contraction pain, rapid analgesia is needed. We used preprocedure ultrasound imaging combined with the palpation technique in epidural analgesia for labor, and evaluated the usefulness of this technique in epidural labor analgesia. AIM: To evaluate the usefulness of preprocedure ultrasound imaging in epidural analgesia for labor. METHODS: In this prospective randomized observational study, 72 parturients were assigned to two groups (combined or palpation group). The target interspace of all parturients was first identified by the palpation technique. Then in the combined group, preprocedure ultrasound imaging was used before epidural puncture. In the palpation group, only the traditional anatomical landmarks technique (palpation technique) was performed. The primary outcome was total duration of the epidural procedure (for the ultrasound group, the duration of the preprocedure ultrasound imaging was included). The secondary outcomes were the number of skin punctures, the success rate at first needle pass, the number of needle passes, the depth from the skin to epidural space, and the complications of the procedure. RESULTS: Total duration of the epidural procedure was similar between the two groups (406.5 ± 92.15 s in the combined group and 380.03 ± 128.2 s in the palpation group; P = 0.318). A significant improvement was demonstrated for epidural puncture and catheterization in the combined group. The number of needle passes was 1.14 in the combined group and 1.72 in the palpation group (P = 0.001). The number of skin puncture sites was 1.20 in the combined group and 1.25 in the palpation group (P = 0.398). The success rate at first needle pass was 88.89% in the combined group and 66.67% in the palpation group (P = 0.045). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the total duration of epidural procedures with preprocedure ultrasound imaging combined with the palpation technique was not longer than the traditional anatomical landmarks technique, which were performed by six experienced anesthesiologists in parturients with normal weights undergoing labor analgesia.

3.
Pain Res Manag ; 2021: 7582494, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880135

RESUMO

Objective: This experiment was designed to determine whether erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular carcinoma (Eph) receptors were involved in the development of visceral pain. Methods: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups receiving different treatments (n = 16 per group): intracolonic vehicle (control group), intracolonic 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) (TNBS group), and intracolonic TNBS and intrathecal EphB1 receptor blocking reagent (TNBS + EphB2-Fc group). Visceral hyperalgesia was evaluated with quantification of visceral pain threshold induced by colorectal distention. The spinal expressions of EphB1 and ephrinB2 and levels of their phosphorylated forms (p-EphB1 and p-ephrinB2) were assessed by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Results: The TNBS-treated rats developed significant visceral hyperalgesia. The spinal expressions of EphB1, p-EphB1, ephrinB2, and p-ephrinB2 were significantly increased in the TNBS group compared with the control group, but visceral hyperalgesia and elevation of spinal EphB1 and p-EphB1 expressions were evidently alleviated by intrathecal administration of EphB2-Fc in the TNBS + EphB2-Fc group. The number of EphB1- and p-EphB1-immunopositive cells, the average optical (AO) value of EphB1, and its phosphorylated form in the spinal dorsal horn were significantly increased in the TNBS group than in the control group, but they were obviously reduced by intrathecal administration of EphB2-Fc. There were no significant differences in the number of ephrinB2- and p-ephrinB2-immunopositive cells and the AO value of ephrinB2 and its phosphorylated form between the TNBS and TNBS + EphB2-Fc groups. Conclusion: EphB1 receptors in the spinal dorsal horn play a pivotal role in the development of visceral pain and may be considered as a potential target for the treatment of visceral pain.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Receptores da Eritropoetina/antagonistas & inibidores , Corno Dorsal da Medula Espinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Dor Visceral/terapia , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Limiar da Dor , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
4.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 639-646, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the therapeutic relationship between coblation discoplasty and cervicogenic dizziness (CGD). CGD can be caused by abnormal proprioceptive inputs from compressed nerve roots, intradiscal mechanoreceptors and nociceptors to the vestibulospinal nucleus in the degenerative cervical disc. The aim was to analyze the efficacy of coblation discoplasty in CGD through intradiscal nerve ablation and disc decompression in a 12-month follow-up retrospective study. METHODS: From 2015 to 2019, 42 CGD patients who received coblation discolplasty were recruited as the surgery group, and 22 CGD patients who rejected surgery were recruited as the conservative group. Using intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis, we retrospectively analyzed the CGD visual analogue scale (VAS), neck pain VAS, CGD frequency score, and the CGD alleviation rating throughout a 12-month follow-up period. RESULTS: Compared with conservative intervention, coblation discoplasty revealed a better recovery trend with effect sizes of 1.76, 2.15, 0.92, 0.78 and 0.81 in CGD VAS, and effect sizes of 1.32, 1.54, 0.93, 0.86 and 0.76in neck pain VAS at post-operative 1 week, and 1, 3, 6, 12 months, respectively. The lower CGD frequency score indicated fewer attacks of dizziness until postoperative 3 months (p < 0.01). At post-operative 12 months, the coblation procedure showed increased satisfactory outcomes of CGD alleviation rating (p < .001, -1.00 of effect size). CONCLUSIONS: Coblation discoplasty significantly improves the severity and frequency of CGD, which is important inbridging unresponsive conservative intervention and open surgery.Key messagesThere is a correlation between the degenerative cervical disc and cervicogenic dizziness (CGD).CGD can be caused by abnormal proprioceptive inputs from a compressed nerve root and intradiscal mechanoreceptors and nociceptors to the vestibulospinal nucleus in the degenerative cervical disc.Cervical coblation discoplasty can alleviate CGD through ablating intradiscal nerve endings and decompressing the nerve root.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Cervicoplastia/métodos , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Tontura/cirurgia , Pescoço/cirurgia , Tontura/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço/inervação , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Cervicalgia/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Pain Physician ; 23(5): E487-E496, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is one of the most intractable pain disorders and often does not respond to medication, physical, and interventional procedures. Coblation technology has been demonstrated to have potential for neuralgia, but there are rare reports of the efficacy and security of coblation for PHN. The thoracic segment is the most common predilection part of PHN, so we conducted this long-term study to investigate the results of coblation for the treatment of thoracic PHN. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and security of computed tomography (CT)-guided coblation of the thoracic nerve root for treatment of PHN. STUDY DESIGN: Self before-after controlled clinical assessment. SETTING: Department of Pain Management, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients with thoracic PHN sustained for at least 6 months and refractory to conservative therapy were identified. Patients underwent CT-guided percutaneous coblation to ablate the thoracic nerve root for thoracic PHN. The therapeutic effects were evaluated using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), medication doses, and pain-related quality of life (QoL) scale before coblation, and at 1 week, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after the procedure. Patients who achieved more than 50% pain relief were defined as responders. In addition, adverse effects were also recorded to investigate the security of this procedure. RESULTS: The VAS score significantly decreased from 7.22 ± 1.15 before the coblation to 3.51 ± 1.12 (P = 0.01), 3.02 ± 1.21 (P = 0.006), 3.11 ± 2.15 (P = 0.014), and 2.98 ± 2.35 (P = 0.008) at 1 week, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after the procedure, respectively. The number of responders were 56 (77.78%), 54 (75%), 55 (76.39%), and 54 (75%) at 1 week, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after the procedure, respectively. The doses of anticonvulsants and analgesics were decreased significantly at all time points after the procedure compared with before treatment (P < 0.05). Patient responses on the Brief Pain Inventory Short Form indicated mean scores that were significantly lower than baseline across all domains of pain interference with QoL at all evaluations (P = 0.001). Most of the patients had mild numbness and it did not affect the daily activities after the procedure. No other severe adverse events occurred during or after the procedure. LIMITATIONS: A single-center study, relatively small number of patients, short duration of review of medical record, and the retrospective study. CONCLUSIONS: CT-guided percutaneous thoracic nerve root coblation is an effective and safe method for the treatment of thoracic PHN, and the procedure can also significantly improve the QoL in patients with PHN.


Assuntos
Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/terapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais , Nervos Torácicos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(9): 1060-1065, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a severe type of neuropathic pain which is often inadequately managed using conventional therapies. In this report, we present the first case of TN treated with gasserian ganglion nerve coblation (NC). CASE SUMMARY: A 58-year-old man presented with right facial pain, mostly localized in the right zygomatic zone, alveolar region, and jaws. Similar to acupuncture and shock pain, the pain lasted about five seconds after each attack before resolving unaided. A diagnosis of TN was made, after which treatment with acupuncture therapy and oral carbamazepine was given. However, the pain was not satisfactorily controlled. Subsequently, gasserian ganglion NC of the right trigeminal nerve guided by computed tomography (CT) was performed on the patient. Following this procedure, the right zygomatic, alveolar, submandibular, and cheek pain disappeared completely. The right zygomatic and alveolar areas experienced mild numbness (level II). At 1-, 2-, 3-, and 6-mo follow-ups after surgery, the patient was painless and the numbness score was level I. CONCLUSION: CT-guided gasserian ganglion (NC) is an effective treatment for TN and is associated with less or no postoperative numbness or hypoesthesia in comparison with current standard-of-care approaches.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(25): e7184, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28640100

RESUMO

When the sensory block level (SBL) is ≥T5 or T4, a high incidence of hypotension occurs in parturients after spinal anesthesia. A rapidly ascending SBL is another risk factor for spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension. However, the relationship between the ascension rate of the SBL and spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension remains unclear.After placement in the left lateral position, combined epidural-spinal anesthesia was performed on 140 parturients undergoing caesarean section using the following procedure: no volume preloading, injection site of L3-4 or L4-5, injection rate of 0.1 mL/sec, and administration of 10 mg of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine. A receiver-operating characteristic curve was built to estimate the accuracy of the SBL ascension rate in detecting spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension.The mean time interval from spinal injection to placement in the supine position was 136 ±â€Š10 seconds in all anesthesia procedures. The earliest and most complete records of the SBL started from the 3rd minute after spinal injection. The threshold spread rate corresponding to the highest accuracy for occurrence of hypotension was an SBL of ≥T8 at the 3rd minute after spinal injection, with 82% and 88% sensitivity and specificity, respectively.The ascension rate of an SBL of ≥T8 at the 3rd minute after spinal injection is as a predictor of hypotension in parturients.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/etiologia , Bloqueio Nervoso , Adulto , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Área Sob a Curva , Bupivacaína/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Posicionamento do Paciente , Gravidez , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 9: 123, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28553223

RESUMO

Many factors impact cognitive impairment; however, the effects of chronic pain and the mechanisms underlying these effects on cognitive impairment are currently unknown. Here we tested the hypothesis that chronic pain accelerates the transition from normal cognition to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in 5-month-old transgenic APP/PS1 mice, an animal model of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and that neurotoxicity induced by N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDAR) subunits may be involved in this process. Chronic monoarthritis pain was induced in transgenic APP/PS1 mice and 5-month-old wild-type (WT) mice by intra- and pre-articular injections of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) into one knee joint. Pain behavior, learning and memory function, and the distribution and quantity of NMDAR subunits (NR1, NR2A and NR2B) in hippocampal CA1 and CA3 regions were assessed. Our results showed that although persistent and robust monoarthritis pain was induced by the FCA injections, only the transgenic APP/PS1 mice with chronic monoarthritis pain exhibited marked learning and memory impairments. This result suggested that chronic monoarthritis pain accelerated the cognitive impairment process. Furthermore, only transgenic APP/PS1 mice with chronic monoarthritis pain exhibited an overexpression of NR2B and an increased NR2B/NR2A ratio in the hippocampus CA3. These findings suggest that chronic pain is a risk factor for cognitive impairment and that increased neurotoxicity associated with NMDAR subunit activation may underpin the impairment. Thus, NMDARs may be a therapeutic target for the prevention of chronic pain-induced cognitive impairment.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(3): e5872, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28099345

RESUMO

To reflect the extent of thermolesion of ganglion by testing the change of trigeminal somatosensory-evoked potential (TSEP) before and after ganglion radiofrequency thermocoagulation surgery (GRT), and evaluate long-term clinic effect by follow-up visiting of 1 year.Patients with idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (TN) in the second division were enrolled between October 2014 and October 2015. They were treated with computed tomography-guided GRT and a follow-up visiting of 1 year. Bilateral TSEP measurements were performed 1 day before and 2 days after the GRT surgery. The latency and peak-to-peak amplitude of W2 and W3 were recorded.Immediate postprocedure pain relief (grades I-III) was 100% and 92.5% 1 year later. Facial numbness rate of grades III and IV was 70%, 40%, and 12.5%, respectively, at immediate, 2 days, and 1 year after GRT. No sever complications happened. The latency of W2 and W3 of patients who had no pain no numbness after 1 year of GRT was 1.74 ±â€Š0.24 and 3.84 ±â€Š0.66 ms, respectively, of TN side, and 1.71 ±â€Š0.39 and 3.63 ±â€Š0.85 ms of the healthy side before GRT. The amplitude of W2 and W3 was 1.13 ±â€Š0.50 and 1.99 ±â€Š1.09 uv, respectively, of TN side and 1.24 ±â€Š0.40 and 1.89 ±â€Š0.81 uv of the healthy side before GRT. There was no statistical difference of the latency and amplitude between 2 sides of W2 and W3 before surgery (P > 0.05). The latency of W2 and W3 delayed and the amplitude reduced especially in TN side after surgery comparing before (P < 0.001). And, comparisons of the latency and amplitude of W2 and W3 between TN side and the healthy side after surgery showed the latency of W2 and W3 delayed (W2: P = 0.02; W3: P = 0.01) and the amplitude of W2 reduced (P = 0.003), but the amplitude of W3 had no statistical difference (P = 0.22). The mean delayed latency and 95% confident interval of W2 and W3 were 0.22 ±â€Š0.35 (0.1-0.34) ms and 0.35 ±â€Š0.64 (0.14-0.57) ms, respectively. The mean decreased amplitude and 95% confident interval of W2 and W3 were 22 ±â€Š24 (14-30)% and 23 ±â€Š32 (12-34)%, respectively.GRT can make the latency delay and the amplitude decrease of TSEP. And the latency and amplitude of W2 and W3 can be considered reliable and safe reference for monitoring the extent of thermolesion.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação , Potenciais Somatossensoriais Evocados , Nervo Trigêmeo/fisiologia , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/terapia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos
10.
Pain Pract ; 17(6): 792-799, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27717281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with thoracic neuropathic pain often do not respond to medication and physical therapy. Coblation technology has been demonstrated to have potential for pain management. METHODS: Fifteen patients underwent computed tomography-guided percutaneous coblation to ablate the thoracic paravertebral nerve for their medication-resistant thoracic neuropathic pain. The pain intensity was assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) 1 day before surgery and 1 week and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, and the difference between preoperative and postoperative VAS values was determined to evaluate the pain relief effectiveness. Patients who achieved > 50% pain relief were defined as responders, and the ratio in all patients was calculated. The number of patients who reported mild pain (VAS ≤ 3) was recorded, and the ratio in all responders was calculated. In addition, adverse effects were also recorded to investigate the security of procedure. RESULTS: Twelve (80%) responders achieved > 50% pain relief. The VAS score of responders significantly decreased from 7.42 ± 1.38 before surgery to 2.17 ± 1.11 (P = 0.000), 1.92 ± 1.16 (P = 0.000), 1.75 ± 0.97 (P = 0.000), and 1.58 ± 1.08 (P = 0.000) at 1 week, 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. The number of responders with mild pain was 10 (83.3%), 11 (91.7%), 12 (100%), and 12 (100%) at 1 week, 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. All responders and 1 nonresponder reported slight numbness after the surgery. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous thoracic paravertebral nerve coblation guided by computed tomography is a potential method for the treatment of thoracic neuropathic pain.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Neuralgia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuralgia/cirurgia , Nervos Torácicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervos Torácicos/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(49): e5379, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27930513

RESUMO

Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a neurological condition that presents as excruciating facial pain. Depression and anxiety are commonly associated with TN; however, anxiety and depression disorders in patients with TN and the effects of the various therapeutic strategies for TN on these disorders are not well studied.To evaluate depression and anxiety in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN), identify factors that predict their occurrence and study the effect of the percutaneous trigeminal ganglion radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PRT) procedure for alleviating pain on depression and anxiety.Patients with classic TN, who received PRT treatment, were consecutively recruited between October 2014 and October 2015. Severity of pain was determined using the visual analogue scale (VAS) score. Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI) and Beck anxiety Inventory (BAI) were used to evaluate depression and anxiety disorders pre- and post-PRT. Medical, demographic, and psychosocial backgrounds were also assessed as predictive factors. A BDI score of ≥14 represented depression and BAI score of ≥45 represented anxiety. VAS, BDI, and BAI scores were collected at the time of admission and on the day of discharge.Of the 167 patients who participated in the study, 121 (72.5%) had depression and 34 (20.4%) suffered anxiety. Pre-PRT procedure, female sex, age >50 years, ineffective treatment, and high pain intensity (VAS ≥7) predicted the development of depression and anxiety. Post-PRT procedure, all patients who experienced pain relief also reported amelioration of depression and anxiety.A considerable percentage of patients with TN developed depression and anxiety. Patients who were female, older than 50 years, or suffered from failure treatment and severe pain (VAS>7), were at higher risk of depression and anxiety development. Complete alleviation of pain by using surgical PRT could immediately attenuate depressive and anxiety disorders associated with TN.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/etiologia , Eletrocoagulação/métodos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Gânglio Trigeminal/cirurgia , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/complicações , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(28): e4103, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27428194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our previous study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFT) of trigeminal gasserian ganglion for idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the optimal radiofrequency temperature of computed tomography (CT)-guided RFT for treatment of ITN. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with ITN treated with a single CT-guided RFT procedure between January 2002 and December 2013. Patients were divided into ≤75 °C, 75 °C, and ≥80 °C groups according to the highest radiofrequency temperature used. Pain relief was graded from poor to excellent, and facial numbness/dysesthesia from I (absent) to IV (most severe). RESULTS: A total of 1161 RFT procedures were undertaken in the 1137 patients. The mean follow-up time was 46 ±â€Š31 months. There were no significant differences in the rate of excellent pain relief according to the radiofrequency temperature used. However, more patients experienced with no facial numbness or facial numbness gradually resolved and those patients treated at 75 °C had a lower rate of grade IV facial numbness/dysesthesia than other groups. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal radiofrequency temperature to maximize pain relief and minimize facial numbness or dysesthesia may be 75 °C, but this requires confirmation.


Assuntos
Eletrocoagulação/métodos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Temperatura , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 143: 111-5, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26918582

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression levels of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and ß-endorphin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and peripheral blood of patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia (TN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 20 patients with primary TN who underwent percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation and collected four types of samples from all of them: sample A: CSF samples; sample B: peripheral blood samples; sample C: peripheral blood samples collected one day before the operation; sample D: peripheral blood samples withdrawn one day after the operation. Another 20 CSF samples of patients with nervous system disease or gynecological disease were collected as a control (sample E). Samples A and B were obtained at the same time. We also evaluated the expression of CGRP, SP, ß-endorphin, and VIP by visual analog scale (VAS) scores one day before and one day after the operation. In addition, heart rate (HR) at baseline and at the time of sample collection, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and all side effects of the procedure were recorded. RESULTS: Significance were found concerning about CGRP, SP, ß-endorphin, and VIP in TN patients and the controls (P<0.001). The expression of CGRP, SP, and VIP in sample A was higher than that in sample E. However, the ß-endorphin level in sample A was lower than that in sample E. There was a positive correlation between sample A and B regarding the expression of CGRP, SP, ß-endorphin, and VIP (P<0. 01). There was no relationship between the time of disease onset and the expression of CGRP, SP, ß-endorphin, and VIP in sample A and sample B (P>0.05). No difference was detected between the neuropeptides levels in samples B and C (P>0.05). Notably, VAS in sample D was significantly lower than that in sample C (P<0.01). Finally, there was no difference between the intraoperative HR and MAP values in the studied samples. CONCLUSION: In primary TN patients, the blood levels of CGRP, SP, ß-endorphin, and VIP were associated with those in CSF samples. There was a significant difference between the levels of the four neuropeptides in CSF and control samples. Our results also indicated that the levels of neuropeptides in blood samples can be tested for those in CSF. The disease onset and duration exerted insignificant effects on the production and release of CGRP, SP, ß-endorphin, and VIP.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Substância P/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Intestinal Vasoativo/líquido cefalorraquidiano , beta-Endorfina/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Eletrocoagulação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuropeptídeos/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 94(45): e1994, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26559288

RESUMO

To evaluate the efficacy of computed tomography (CT) guided single radiofrequency thermocoagualtion (RFT) in 1137 patients with idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia after a follow-up period of 11 years, specially focused on duration of pain relief in different branches of trigeminal nerve, side effect, and complications. Retrospective study of patients with idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia treated with a single CT guided RFT procedure between January 2002 and December 2013. The mean follow-up time was 46.14 ±â€Š30.91 months. Immediate postprocedure pain relief was 98.4%. V2 division obtained the best pain relief rate: 91%, 89%, 80%, 72%, 60%, and 54% at 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11 years, respectively. No statistical difference pairwise comparison was in other groups. The complications included masseter muscle weakness, corneitis, diplopia, ptosis, hearing loss, limited mouth opening, and low pressure headache. Masticatory weakness mostly occurred in patients with V3 branch involvement, while Corneitis and Diplopia all in patients with V1 branch involvement. No mortalities observed during or after RFT. All different branches division of trigeminal neuralgia achieved comparable satisfactory curative effect; V2 obtained the best excellent pain relief, after RFT procedure. Facial numbness is inevitable after RFT, which patients who have pain in all 3 trigeminal divisions and patients who desire no facial numbness should be cautious. Masticatory weakness is mainly related with V3 injured, while Corneitis and Diplopia in patients with V1 injured by RFT.


Assuntos
Eletrocoagulação/métodos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nervo Trigêmeo/patologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 10: 126, 2015 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26466895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative cell salvage (ICS), hereby referred to 'mechanical red cell salvage', has been widely used and proven to be an effective way to reduce or avoid the need for allogeneic red blood cells (RBCs)transfusion and its associated complications in surgeries involving major blood loss. However, little is known about the influence of this technique on the functional state of salvaged RBCs. Furthermore, there are no articles that describe the change of free hemoglobin (fHb) in salvage blood during storage, which is a key index of the quality control of salvaged blood. Therefore, in this study, the influence of ICS on the function of salvaged RBCs and the changes of salvaged RBCs during storage were studied with respect to the presence of oxyhemoglobin affinity (recorded as a P50 value) and the level of 2, 3-diphosphoglycerate (2, 3-DPG) and fHb by comparing salvaged RBCs with self-venous RBCs and 2-week-old packed RBCs. METHODS: Fifteen patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) surgery were enrolled. Blood was collected and processed using a Dideco Electa device. The level of P50, 2, 3-DPG and fHB from salvaged RBCs, venous RBCs and 2-week-old packed RBCs was measured. We also measured the changes of these indicators among salvaged RBCs at 4 h (storage at 21-24 °C) and at 24 h (storage at 1-6 °C). RESULTS: The P50 value of salvaged RBCs at 0 h (28.77 ± 0.27 mmHg) was significantly higher than the value of venous RBCs (27.07 ± 0.23 mmHg, p=0.000) and the value of the 2-week-old packed RBCs (16.26 ± 0.62 mmHg, p=0.000). P50 value did not change obviously at 4 h (p=0.121) and 24 h (p=0.384) compared with the value at 0 h. The 2, 3-DPG value of salvaged RBCs at 0 h (17.94 ± 6.91 µmol/g Hb) was significantly higher than the value of venous RBCs (12.73 ± 6.52 mmHg, p = 0.007) and the value of the 2-week-old packed RBCs (2.62 ± 3.13 mmHg, p=0.000). The level of 2, 3-DPG slightly decreased at 4 h (p=0.380) and 24 h (p=0.425) compared with the value at 0 h. Percentage of hemolysis of the salvaged blood at 0 h(0.51 ± 0.27 %) was significantly higher than the level of venous blood (0.07 ± 0.05 %, p=0.000) and the value of 2-week-old packed RBCs (0.07 ± 0.05 %, p=0.000), and reached 1.11 ± 0.42 % at 4 h (p=0.002) and 1.83 ± 0.77 % at 24 h (p=0.000). CONCLUSIONS: The oxygen transport function of salvaged RBCs at 0 h was not influenced by the cell salvage process and was better than that of the venous RBCs and 2-week-old packed RBCs. At the end of storage, the oxygen transport function of salvaged RBCs did not change obviously, but percentage of hemolysis significantly increased.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Transfusão de Eritrócitos/métodos , Recuperação de Sangue Operatório , Oxigênio/sangue , 2,3-Difosfoglicerato/sangue , Idoso , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 94(32): e1176, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26266350

RESUMO

This article evaluates the long-term outcomes of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PRT) for patients with recurrent trigeminal neuralgia (TN) after microvascular decompression (MVD).This is a retrospective study of 41 patients with intractable TN who after MVD underwent CT-guided PRT procedures between 2002 and 2012.The mean length of follow-up after PRT was 44.4 months. Immediate pain relief was in 37 patients (90.2%); the percentage of patients who remained in "excellent" or "good" pain relief condition after CT-guided PRT procedure was 85% at 1 year, 80% at 2 years, 51% at 5 years, and 41% at 10 years. Six patients received the second PRT and all achieved "excellent" or "good" pain relief. In total, 34 of these patients (82.9%) received multi-PRT procedure and remained satisfied with their pain relief during the follow-up period. Postoperative complications included facial numbness in 36 patients, limited eyes opening in 1 patient, ear paresthesia in 1 patient, no tears in 1 patient, and taste hypesthesia in 1 patient; these symptoms were all improved in the process of follow-up and their life had not severely affected. No mortality was observed during and after CT-guided PRT procedures.CT-guided PRT should be considered as an alternative treatment for patients with recurrent TN after MVD.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Eletrocoagulação/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/etiologia
17.
Pain Med ; 16(11): 2162-70, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26744887

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is one of the most intractable pain disorders, especially in elderly patients. There is evidence that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) reduces neuropathic pain; however, its effectiveness for PHN is unknown. This study investigated the efficacy of high-frequency rTMS in patients with PHN. DESIGN: A total of 40 patients were randomly assigned to receive 10 sessions of real or sham rTMS of the primary motor cortex. Each stimulation session consisted of a series of 300 five-second pulses with a frequency of 10 Hz and an interval of 3 seconds between each train, giving a total of 1500 pulses per session. The primary outcome was pain intensity measured before stimulation from first intervention (T0) to the final stimulation (T10), and 1 and 3 months after final stimulation (T11 and T12). Other outcomes measured included scores on the short form McGill pain questionnaire, self-rating depression scale, quality of life (QOL), sleep quality, the patient global impression of change, medication regulation, and reported adverse events. RESULTS: The real rTMS group demonstrated greater reduction of visual analogue scale (VAS) than the sham group at each time point except for T0 (P = 0.399) and T1 (P = 0.091). Mean VAS reduction in the real rTMS group was 16.89% for duration of disease longer than 6 months. These analgesic effects were associated with long-term improvement in rating-scale items related to QOL. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that rTMS is an effective and safe therapy in patients with PHN.


Assuntos
Córtex Motor/fisiopatologia , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/terapia , Neuralgia/terapia , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/diagnóstico , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Exp Ther Med ; 8(5): 1423-1427, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25289033

RESUMO

Gout is a common form of arthritis; however, there are currently no effective therapies available. Ozonated autohemotherapy (O3-AHT) is a controversial, but successful method of treatment for a number of diseases. The present study is the first pilot study investigating the application of O3-AHT in patients with hyperuricemia and gout. In total, 10 patients diagnosed with gout were recruited and subjected to O3-AHT. Self-reported pain visual analog scale (VAS) scores and creatinine clearance values were evaluated prior to (T0), during (after the fifth session of O3-AHT treatment; 1-4 weeks; T1) and following the treatment course (5-28 weeks; T2). At T1, the creatinine clearance rate of the patients significantly increased from 105.14±35.33 (T0) to 121.45±44.52 ml/min (t=2.165, P=0.062), while the pain VAS score decreased from 5.35±2.78 (T0) to 3.30±2.21 (t=2.004, P=0.076). However, at T2, the creatinine clearance rate decreased slightly to 111.15±36.52 ml/min, and no statistically significant difference was observed from the value at T0 (t=1.723, P=0.123). The pain VAS score further decreased to 2.30±2.66 (t=2.628, P=0.027). In conclusion, O3-AHT decreased the creatinine clearance rate and the pain VAS scores of patients with hyperuricemia and gout; thus, may be a potential effective therapeutic approach.

19.
J Craniofac Surg ; 25(4): 1292-5, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25006910

RESUMO

The incidence of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) in elderly patients is higher. However, for those with poor fitness, the optimal surgical treatment for those refractory to medical treatment is controversial. The aim of current study was to investigate the long-term outcome of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PRT) for 304 TN patients 70 years or older. We conducted a retrospective study of 304 elderly patients with TN who were treated with CT-guided PRT between 2002 and 2012. Follow-up was censored at the time of last contact, additional surgery, or death. Sixty-seven patients (22.1%) were of more than American Society of Anesthesiologists classification system physical status II. Excellent pain relief was 100% at discharge, 85% at 1 year, 75% at 3 years, 71% at 5 years, and 49% at 10 years. Pain relief outcomes were correlated with facial numbness. Lower temperature group (≤75°C) can attain the same long-term pain relief as higher temperature group (≥80°C); however, the incidence of painful dysesthesia rate of higher temperature group was higher than lower temperature group. Postoperative morbidity included facial numbness, masseter weakness, corneitis, hearing loss, dropping eyelid, and limited mouth opening. There were no mortalities observed during or after PRT. Our result showed CT-guided PRT is safe and effective for classic TN patients 70 years or older, including poor-fitness patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists classification system physical status >II). Lower temperature (≤75°C) is recommended for PRT in the treatment of TN.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Neuronavegação/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/diagnóstico
20.
Eur Neurol ; 72(1-2): 54-9, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24853911

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the long-term outcomes of repeated percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PRT) for recurrent trigeminal neuralgia (TN) patients. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2012, 33 patients with recurrent TN following an initial PRT procedure were retrospectively studied and underwent 43 repeated PRT procedures. RESULTS: The mean length of follow-up after repeated PRT was 34 months. Pain relief was immediate in 30 patients (90.9%), and no pain relief occurred in 3 patients (9.1%) following a second PRT procedure. The percentage of patients who remained in an 'excellent' and 'good' pain relief condition (pain intensity ≤BIN grade III) after the second PRT procedure was 75% at 1 year, 68% at 2 years and 68% at 5 years, and 22 of these patients (54.5%) remained satisfied with their pain relief during the follow-up period. Nine patients underwent PRT three times and 1 patient four times. The total number of patients who benefited from repeated PRT was 28 (84.8%). Postprocedure complications including masseter weakness were present in 3 patients and limited mouth opening affected 1 patient. No mortalities were observed during or after repeated PRT procedures. CONCLUSION: Repeated PRT provides long-term pain relief benefits to patients with recurrent TN and should be considered as an alternative treatment for recurrent TN.


Assuntos
Eletrocoagulação/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Eletrocoagulação/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
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