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2.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 685072, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631809

RESUMO

Background: The latest guidelines recommend the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to minimize gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), even though this co-administration may increase the risk of ischemia due to drug interactions. We have noticed that there are few studies conducted on patients with a lower risk of GIB. Therefore, we investigated the clinical effect of co-administration of PPI on DAPT patients with low GIB risk. Methods and Results: From January 2013 to September 2014, a total of 17,274 consecutive patients on DAPT from 108 hospitals with low risk for GIB in the China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) registry were analyzed. The primary endpoints were GIB and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). Multivariate logistic regression analysis and Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the effect of PPIs use. Of the analyzed patients, 66.6% (n = 11,487) were treated with PPIs. PPI use did not show an extra gastrointestinal protective effect in patients with low risk for GIB who were hospitalized and on follow-up after 2 years. Moreover, it was associated with an increased risk of stroke during the 2-year follow-up [hazard ratio (HR) 2.072, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.388-3.091, p = 0.0003] and an increased risk of MI after 6 months (HR 1.580, 95% CI 1.102-2.265, p = 0.0119). We found the same results after propensity score matching. Conclusion: PPI use is prevalent in DAPT patients with low GIB risk. PPIs did not show an extra gastrointestinal protective effect, while an increased risk of stroke was observed during the 2-year follow-up. Clinical Trial Registration:www.clinicaltrials.gov, identifier NCT01874691.

3.
Fitoterapia ; 155: 105062, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655702

RESUMO

Six new glucosyloxybenzyl 2-hydroxy-2-isobutylsuccinates, pleionesides A-F (1-6), along with two known compounds (7, 8) were obtained from the pseudobulbs of Pleione grandiflora (Rolfe) Rolfe. The structures and absolute configurations of new compounds were established by HRESIMS and NMR data, along with acidic hydrolysis and alkaline hydrolysis experiments. Compounds 1-6 were tested for their anti-inflammatory activities on LPS-induced BV2 microglial cells. Amoung them, 2, 4 and 5 showed moderate activities with IC50 values of 73.4, 32.8 and 57.1 µM, respectively, compared with the positive control quercetin with an IC50 value of 28.3 µM.

4.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e044117, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), clarify the association between adverse clinical outcomes and GIB and identify risk factors for in-hospital GIB after AMI. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: 108 hospitals across three levels in China. PARTICIPANTS: From 1 January 2013 to 31 August 2014, after excluding 2659 patients because of incorrect age and missing GIB data, 23 794 patients with AMI from 108 hospitals enrolled in the China Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry were divided into GIB-positive (n=282) and GIB-negative (n=23 512) groups and were compared. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) are a composite of all-cause death, reinfarction and stroke. The association between GIB and endpoints was examined using multivariate logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models. Independent risk factors associated with GIB were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The incidence of in-hospital GIB in patients with AMI was 1.19%. GIB was significantly associated with an increased risk of MACCEs both in-hospital (OR 2.314; p<0.001) and at 2-year follow-up (HR 1.407; p=0.0008). Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa) receptor inhibitor, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and thrombolysis were novel independent risk factors for GIB identified in the Chinese AMI population (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: GIB is associated with both in-hospital and follow-up MACCEs. Gastrointestinal prophylactic treatment should be administered to patients with AMI who receive primary PCI, thrombolytic therapy or GPIIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01874691.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , China/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Incidência , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIIb-IIIa de Plaquetas , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Plant J ; 108(5): 1382-1399, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587334

RESUMO

Malvids is one of the largest clades of rosids, includes 58 families and exhibits remarkable morphological and ecological diversity. Here, we report a high-quality chromosome-level genome assembly for Euscaphis japonica, an early-diverging species within malvids. Genome-based phylogenetic analysis suggests that the unstable phylogenetic position of E. japonica may result from incomplete lineage sorting and hybridization event during the diversification of the ancestral population of malvids. Euscaphis japonica experienced two polyploidization events: the ancient whole genome triplication event shared with most eudicots (commonly known as the γ event) and a more recent whole genome duplication event, unique to E. japonica. By resequencing 101 samples from 11 populations, we speculate that the temperature has led to the differentiation of the evergreen and deciduous of E. japonica and the completely different population histories of these two groups. In total, 1012 candidate positively selected genes in the evergreen were detected, some of which are involved in flower and fruit development. We found that reddening and dehiscence of the E. japonica pericarp and long fruit-hanging time promoted the reproduction of E. japonica populations, and revealed the expression patterns of genes related to fruit reddening, dehiscence and abscission. The key genes involved in pentacyclic triterpene synthesis in E. japonica were identified, and different expression patterns of these genes may contribute to pentacyclic triterpene diversification. Our work sheds light on the evolution of E. japonica and malvids, particularly on the diversification of E. japonica and the genetic basis for their fruit dehiscence and abscission.

6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 720378, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34458344

RESUMO

Background: Young people hold a stable or increasing percentage of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in many countries. However, data on clinical characteristics and outcomes of young AMI patients were insufficient. This study aimed to analyze clinical characteristics, prognosis, and gender disparities in patients aged ≤45 years with AMI. Methods: A total of 24,125 patients from China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry were included in this study. Clinical characteristics, managements, and in-hospital and 2-year outcomes were compared between patients aged ≤45 years and those aged >45 years. Predictors of all-cause death were obtained using multivariate regression models. Gender disparities of AMI were analyzed among young patients. Results: Of 24,125 patients, 2,042 (8.5%, 116 female) were aged ≤45 years. Compared with patients aged >45 years, young patients were more often male, current smokers, and more likely to have medical history of hyperlipidemia. Smoking (72.1%) was the major modifiable risk factor in patients aged ≤45 years. Young patients received more evidence-based medications and had significantly lower risk of both in-hospital and 2-year adverse events than older patients. Education level and left ventricular ejection fraction were independent predictors of 2-year mortality in young patients. Moreover, symptom onset to admission time of young women was significantly longer than that of young men. Young women were less likely to receive percutaneous coronary intervention and suffered higher risk of in-hospital adverse events than young men (adjusted odds ratio for death: 5.767, 95% confidence interval 1.580-21.049, p = 0.0080; adjusted odds ratio for the composite of death, re-infarction, and stroke: 3.981, 95% confidence interval 1.150-13.784, p = 0.0292). Young women who survived at discharge had a higher 2-year cumulative incidence of death (3.8 vs 1.4%, p log-rank = 0.0412). Conclusions: Patients aged ≤45 years constituted a non-negligible proportion of AMI patients, with higher prevalence of smoking and hyperlipidemia but better care and prognosis compared with older patients. There were significant gender disparities of managements and outcomes in young patients. More efforts to improve quality of care in young women are needed.

7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3592-3598, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402282

RESUMO

Thirteen compounds were isolated and purified from the leaves of Cinnamomum camphora by the macroporous resin,silica gel,and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. Those compounds were further identified by IR,UV,MS,and NMR techniques:( 2 S)-1-( 3″,4″-methylenedioxy phenyl)-3-( 2',6'-dimethoxy-4'-hydroxyphenyl)-propan-2-ol( 1),( 2 R,3 R)-5,7-dimethoxy-3',4'-methylenedioxy flavanol( 2),9-hydroxysesamin( 3),sesamin( 4),piperitol( 5),kobusin( 6),(-)-aptosimon( 7),acuminatolide( 8),1ß,11-dihydroxy-5-eudesmene( 9),lasiodiplodin( 10),vanillin( 11),p-hydroxybenzaldehyde( 12),and p-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester( 13). Compound 1 was a novel compound,and compounds 2,6,7,9 and 10 were isolated from Cinnamomum plants for the first time. Compounds 4,7 and 10 were found to possess good inhibitory effect on IL-6 production in LPS-induced BV2 cells at a concentration of 20 µmol·L-1 in the in vitro bioassay,with inhibition rates of 51. 26% ± 4. 13%,67. 82% ± 3. 77% and85. 81%±1. 19%,respectively.


Assuntos
Cinnamomum camphora , Cinnamomum , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(8): 2072-2078, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982522

RESUMO

The chemical constituents from the extract of the twigs of Euscaphis konishii with anti-hepatoma activity were investigated, twelve compounds by repeated chromatography with silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and preparative-HPLC. The structures of the chemical components were elucidated by spectroscopy methods, as konilignan(1),(7R, 8S)-dihydrodehydrodico-niferylalcohol-9-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside(2),illiciumlignan B(3),threo-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-[4-(3-hydroxypropyl)-2-methoxyphenoxy]-1,3-panediol(4),erythro-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-[4-(3-hydroxypropyl)-2-methoxyphenoxy]-1,3-panediol(5), matairesinol(6), wikstromol(7), isolariciresinol(8),(+)-lyoniresinol(9), 4-ketopinoresinol(10), syringaresin(11), and vladinol D(12). Among them, compound 1 is a new lignan. Compounds 10 and 12 had moderate inhibitory activity on HepG2 cells, with IC_(50) values of 107.12 µmol·L~(-1) and 183.56 µmol·L~(-1), respectively.


Assuntos
Lignanas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Lignanas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(16): 6071-6078, 2021 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829778

RESUMO

Pickering emulsion stabilized by solid nanoparticles provides a diverse solvent microenvironment and enables to promote the phase transfer of reaction substrates/products in catalytic reactions, but the intrinsic role of solvent is still not clear. Herein, using benzyl alcohol (BA) as a model reactant, we demonstrate the nature of the water-promoted activity for alcohol oxidation over the Pd/MgAl-LDO catalyst. Depending on the water in the solvent, we observe different reactivities regarding the proportion of the water in the system. Kinetic isotope effects confirm the participation and positive effects of water for oxidation of BA. The water promotion effects are recognized and identified by the water vapor pulse adsorption coupled with temperature program desorption. Moreover, the adsorption behavior of BA or benzaldehyde at the interface of water and Pd/MgAl-LDO is also investigated by quasi-in-situ Raman spectroscopy. In addition, the mechanism of water-promoted alcohol oxidation is rationally proposed based on the Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. The general applicability of the water promotion effects is further demonstrated over different supports and substrates, which well achieves excellent catalytic activity and selectivity in Pickering emulsion compared to that in the pure toluene system.

10.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e931590, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704261

RESUMO

The authors repeated experiments and found that the results shown in figure 2 were not reproducible. Reference: Shuang-li Zhang, Bao-lin Li, Wei Li, Ming Lu, Lin-ying Ni, Hui-li Ma, Qing-gang Meng. The Effects of Ludartin on Cell Proliferation, Cell Migration, Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis Are Associated with Upregulation of p21WAF1 in Saos-2 Osteosarcoma Cells In Vitro. Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR4926-4933. 10.12659/MSM.909193.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(6): 1564-1573, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787155

RESUMO

Sichuan province is very famous for its abundant resources of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM).However, within the scope of administrative division of Sichuan province, the origin records of Dao-di herbs in different historical periods show a dynamic distribution process. On the basis of carefully sorting out the geographical scope of Sichuan province in different historical periods, this article focuses on the textual research of the Dao-di herbs in Sichuan province recorded in the seven mainstream ancient works of materia medica.The results showed that, according to the records of Mingyi bielu and Bencaojing Jizhu, the main distribution areas of Dao-di herbs were mainly in the central and eastern regions of Sichuan province, mainly including Moschus, Coptidis Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and most of the rest materia medica had become unused in the historical process. Qianjin Yifang records that the distribution areas of Dao-di herbs were mainly in the middle and eastern part of Sichuan province.Aconiti Radix, Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. According to the book of Bencao Tujing,the main distribution areas of Dao-di herbs are Chengdu Plain, Yibin and Santai, While Toosendan Fructus, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, Aconiti Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. Ben Cao Gang Mu records the place of origin as Sichuan.Coptidis Rhizoma, Toosendan Fructus, Cyathulae Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan pro-vince. Yaowu Chuchanbian and Zengding Weiyao Tiaobian records the place of origin as Sichuan, as well as Kangding, Songpan, Dujiang-yan, Jiangyou, Nanchong, Ya'an, etc. Moschus, Coptidis Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. The results of this article provide a new understanding of the history and distribution changes of Dao-di herbs in Sichuan province, and can help to further understand the formation connotation of Sichuan Dao-di herbs.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Rizoma
12.
Clin Cardiol ; 44(1): 43-50, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current status of gastrointestinal prophylaxis (GIP) usage and its effects on hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients is not clear. We investigate the appropriateness of GIP usage and its relationship with clinical events in China. HYPOTHESIS: Appropriate use of GIP is not associated with increased adverse outcomes. METHODS: From January 2013 to September 2014, a total of 24 001 consecutive patients from 108 hospitals with AMI in China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) registry were analyzed. The appropriateness of GIP was evaluated using the current American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association (ACCF/AHA) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines. The primary endpoint was in-hospital gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), while the secondary endpoints were in-hospital and 2-year follow-up net adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (NACCE). Multivariate logistic regression analysis and Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the effect of appropriate GIP. RESULTS: There were 16 413 (68.38%) AMI patients co-medicated with GIP. Among 108 involved hospitals, only 35 (32.4%) hospitals prescribed more than 50% appropriate GIP. Totally, 59.7% (14 340) AMI patients received inappropriate GIP. Inappropriate GIP use was independently associated with use of GPIIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor and primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Moreover, appropriate GIP use was associated with decreased GIB risk (OR: 0.692, 95% CI: 0.507-0.944, P = .0202) during hospitalization, while not with increased in-hospital and 2-year follow-up NACCE. CONCLUSION: The use of GIP is prevalent in patients with AMI in China but only 40% of hospitalized patients received appropriate GIP. Appropriate prophylactic therapy was associated with decreased GIB risk during hospitalization.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias/prevenção & controle , Hospitalização , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Sistema de Registros , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 17(11): 659-665, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33343644

RESUMO

Background: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are recommended by the latest guidelines to reduce the risk of bleeding in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients treated with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). However, previous pharmacodynamic and clinical studies have reported controversial results on the interaction between PPI and the P2Y12 inhibitor clopidogrel. We investigated the impact of PPIs use on in-hospital outcomes in AMI patients, aiming to provide a new insight on the value of PPIs. Methods: A total of 23, 380 consecutive AMI patients who received clopidogrel with or without PPIs in the China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) registry were analyzed. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) defined as a composite of in-hospital cardiac death, re-infarction and stroke. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to control potential baseline confounders. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the effect of PPIs use on MACCE and gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). Results: Among the whole AMI population, a large majority received DAPT and 67.5% were co-medicated with PPIs. PPIs use was associated with a decreased risk of MACCE (Before PSM OR: 0.857, 95% CI: 0.742-0.990, P = 0.0359; after PSM OR: 0.862, 95% CI: 0.768-0.949, P = 0.0245) after multivariate adjustment. Patients receiving PPIs also had a lower risk of cardiac death but a higher risk of complicating with stroke. When GIB occurred, an alleviating trend of GIB severity was observed in PPIs group. Conclusions: Our study is the first nation-wide large-scale study to show evidence on PPIs use in AMI patients treated with DAPT. We found that PPIs in combination with clopidogrel was associated with decreased risk for MACCE in AMI patients, and it might have a trend to mitigate GIB severity. Therefore, PPIs could become an available choice for AMI patients during hospitalization.

15.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(20)2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050337

RESUMO

This paper presents experimental research on the flame-retardant properties and thermal decomposition kinetics of wood treated by boric-acid-modified silica sol. The poplar wood was impregnated with pure silica sol and boric-acid-modified silica sol. The results showed that modifiers can be observed in the cell wall and cell lumen. The ignition time, second peak of the heat release rate, total heat release, and mass loss of the W-Si/B were delayed obviously. The composite silicon modification had a positive impact on carbonization. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that the residual mass of W-Si/B was enhanced and the thermal degradation rate was considerably decreased. By thermal decomposition kinetics analysis, the boric acid can catalyze the thermal degradation and carbonization of poplar wood. In other words, wood treated with boric-acid-modified silica sol showed significant improvement in terms of flame retardancy, compared with wood treated with common silica sol.

16.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 187: 113350, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32403061

RESUMO

Pholidota chinensis Lindl. is commonly used as functional tea or folk medicine in China, but few studies have been conducted on its phenolic composition and bioactivities. This study was aimed to investigate the phenolic profiles of P. chinensis extracts by different solvents (petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water) and their in vitro antioxidant, antidiabetic, and anti-inflammatory activities. The results showed that a total of 42 phenolic compounds were accurately identified, 30 of them were further quantified in P. chinensis extracts by UPLC-MS/MS. Among four extracts, ethyl acetate extract not only had the highest contents of total phenolics and 21 individual phenolic compounds, but also possessed the strongest antioxidant (DPPH, 1.43 mmol AAE/g; ABTS, 5.38 mmol TE/g; FRAP, 2.58 mmol FSHE/g), α-glucosidase inhibition (13.29 mmol ACAE/g) and anti-inflammation (IC50 = 18.71 µg/ml) activities. Also, the antioxidant, antidiabetic, and anti-inflammatory activities were significantly correlated with total phenolics and individual phenolic compounds. Orientin and vitexin can be considered as the potential quality markers of P. chinensis. This study will provide a comprehensive phenolic profile of P. chinensis and relates them to their antioxidant, antidiabetic, and anti-inflammatory activities.


Assuntos
Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Orchidaceae/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Hipoglicemiantes/isolamento & purificação , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Inflamação/patologia , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Camundongos , Fenóis/análise , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(4): 720-731, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237471

RESUMO

Dao-di herbs are the Chinese herbs which have high quality and best clinic effects. Sichuan is one of the proviences most rich in Chinese herb resources,which has 7 290 species of Chinese herbs, such as Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Ophiopogonis Radix, Coptidis Rhizoma, Gentianae Radix, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Curcumae Rhizoma, Gardeniae Fructus, ect. After textual research on materia medica of the 7 290 Chinese herbs, we find there are 86 Dao-di herbs in Sichuan, such as Chuanxiong Rhizoma from Dujiangyan, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata from Jiangyou, Fritillariae Radix, Notoptergii Rhizoma et Radix, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix from Suining, Ophiopogonis Radix from Santai, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma from Zhongjiang, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex from Pingwu. In China more attention is paid to the production of Dao-di herbs. In 2018, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine launched the "Construction Plan of national production base of genuine medicinal materials". Developing genuine medicinal materials in genuine production areas is one of the effective ways to ensure the quality of medicinal materials. Based on the study of geographical environment and ecological factors(altitude, climate, soil) in Sichuan province. The Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province are divided into 4 districts, including, Sichuan basin medicinal materials production area, mountain and the basin edge medicinal materials production area, Panxi medicinal materials production area, Plateau Mountain Canyon medicinal materials production area. The suitable regions and best suitable regions of the 86 Dao-di herbs in Sichuan are determined by remote sensing and GIS spatial analysis of the suitable environmental indicators of these Dao-di herbs. Our study is beneficial to the rational distribution of the production and to improvement of the quality of traditional Chinese medicine in Sichuan province.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais/classificação , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
18.
J Chromatogr A ; 1620: 461010, 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173025

RESUMO

In this paper, adsorption mechanism of triterpenoid saponins in reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) was proposed based on the study of the retention behavior of mogroside V as test substance. The change of peak shape of mogroside V and its influencing factors was first investigated. As the increase of sample loading, a tailing peak of mogroside V was observed in MeOHH2O of both two modes. It was the fronting peak in ACNH2O of HILIC while there was a transition from fronting peak to tailing peak in ACNH2O of RPLC that was largely affected by column temperature and ACN concentration. The adsorption isotherm of mogroside V in ACNH2O of RPLC was fitted by Moreau model, where a monolayer adsorption with large inter-molecular interaction was formed on the C18 surface. While in ACNH2O of HILIC, the adsorption of mogroside V was in accordance with BET model, showing multilayer adsorption behavior. In MeOHH2O of both HILIC and RPLC, there was always monolayer adsorption, which was fitted by Langmuir model. At last, by choosing the suitable chromatographic mode, controlling the key factors such as the solvent concentration and column temperature, and predicting the broadening trend of peak, three methods were screened out, namely, C18 column with 22% ACN (30 °C), Click XIon column with 90% MeOH or 70% ACN, to get mogroside V of purity greater than 98% from Siraitia grosvenorii extract. Among them, the RPLC method of 22% ACN that showed the highest loading sample per hour (1.92%) and the lowest solvent consumption emerged as the best approach.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa/métodos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Saponinas/química , Solventes , Temperatura , Triterpenos/química
19.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 125: 109932, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036214

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is a crucial pathological process involved in the hepatogenic morbidity and mortality. The pericarp of Euscaphis konishii Hayata is usually used in the cooking soup to improve liver function in Southern China, and high level of phenolic compounds has been found in the E. konishii pericarp. The total phenolic compounds extracted from E. konishii pericarp (TPEP) was obtained by polyamide column chromatograph, and 9 phenolic compounds of TPEP were identified through LC/MS and NMR. TPEP exhibited strong free radicals scavenging activity in vitro, and the chronic CCl4-induced liver fibrosis mice were established to elucidate the hepatoprotective mechanism of TPEP in vivo. TPEP treatment (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) ameliorated the oxidative stress, immune dysfunction, inflammatory response and hepatic fibrosis induced by CCl4 introduction, alleviated the histopathological alteration and hepatocyte apoptosis in the liver tissue. Pretreatment with TPEP suppressed the activation of NADPH oxidase (NOX) signaling to attenuate oxidative stress in the liver tissue. TPEP administration inhibited the translocation of NF-κB into the nucleus to prevent the expression of downstream proinflammatory cytokines. TPEP treatment downregulated the activation of TGF-ß/Smad pathway, and facilitated the degradation of extracellular matrix through enhancing matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) activity and decreasing the expression of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors (TIMPs). In conclusion, TPEP inhibited CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis through its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic activities.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/prevenção & controle , Magnoliopsida/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Tetracloreto de Carbono , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/administração & dosagem , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/administração & dosagem , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
20.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 95 Suppl 1: 542-549, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the admission risk index (RI) to predict short-term and long-term outcomes in a broad population with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) using data from the Chinese Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry. BACKGROUND: The RI was developed as a simple tool to predict risk of death in STEMI patients. The performance in predicting short-term and long-term risk of death in Chinese patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention and conservative treatment for STEMI remains unclear. METHODS: Age, heart rate (HR), and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were used to calculate RI using (HR×[age/10]2 )/SBP. We used the prediction tool to predict mortality over 12 months. RESULTS: The C-index of the admission RI for predicting in-hospital, 1-, 6-, and 12-months mortality were 0.78, 0.78, 0.78, and 0.77, respectively, compared with 0.75 of the Global Registry in Acute Coronary Events score. Based on the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the RI was categorized into quintiles for convenient clinical use, and it revealed a nearly 15-fold gradient of increasing mortality from 2.29 to 32.5% (p < .0001) while RI >34 had the highest mortality. By categorizing into five different risk groups, the short-term and long-term mortality of patients receiving different treatments could be distinguished. CONCLUSIONS: RI based on three routine variables and easily calculated by any medical practitioner is useful for predicting in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients with STEMI at the initial consultation with clinicians.


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador/mortalidade , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , China , Tratamento Conservador/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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