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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150217, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520910

RESUMO

Co-pyrolysis technology of urban solid waste and biomass has broad application prospects in alleviating energy crisis and environmental pollution. In this study, thermogravimetric-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (TG-FTIR) was used to study the co-pyrolysis characteristics of coal gangue (CG) and coffee industry residue (CIR). CG and CIR were uniformly mixed according to the mass ratios of 1: 0, 7:3, 5:5, 3:7, and 0:1. Then the samples were heated and pyrolyzed in an atmosphere with a nitrogen flow rate of 60 mL/min. As the proportion of CG increased, the comprehensive pyrolysis index (CPI) showed an exponential decrease. FTIR detected that the gas produced by pyrolysis of CG-CIR contained hydroxyl compounds, hydrocarbons, CO2, CO, Phenols, and NH3. CG-CIR co-pyrolysis had obvious interaction. By using Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) methods, the relationship between activation energy (Eα) and kinetic parameters and conversion degree was studied. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to determine the principal reaction of CG-CIR pyrolysis. ANN 21 was the best model for predicting the pyrolysis of CG-CIR.


Assuntos
Carvão Mineral , Pirólise , Biomassa , Carvão Mineral/análise , Café , Cinética , Idioma , Termodinâmica , Termogravimetria
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 798: 149290, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340093

RESUMO

The pyrolysis experiment of biomass added to coal gangue was studied by thermogravimetric-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy-mass spectrometry (TG-FTIR-MS) method. The multi-component reaction model was used to simulate the pyrolysis reaction of coal gangue and biomass. The most suitable model was obtained, and the pyrolysis mechanism was analyzed. According to the two-component reaction model of CG pyrolysis, the decomposition temperature range of components in CG is 340-800 °C and 400-620 °C. The five-component reaction model can well simulate the pyrolysis process of coal gangue and biomass. Meanwhile, the effects of different proportions of biomass in the mixture on the gas products of coal gangue pyrolysis were analyzed. It was found that the addition of biomass to coal gangue could promote the release of gaseous organic matter during pyrolysis. CG75PS25 only has a synergistic effect in the high temperature zone greater than 600 °C. CG25PS75 only has a synergistic effect in a small range of 230-300 °C, and there is an inhibitory effect in other temperature ranges. In general, there is an inhibitory effect between coal gangue and biomass on CO2 formation, which is of positive significance for greenhouse gas emission reduction.


Assuntos
Carvão Mineral , Pirólise , Biomassa , Carvão Mineral/análise , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termogravimetria
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