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1.
Am J Case Rep ; 20: 175-178, 2019 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson (SBBYS) variant of Ohdo syndrome is characterized by congenital hypothyroidism, facial dysmorphism, postaxial polydactyly, and mental retardation. The SBBYS variant of Ohdo syndrome is extremely rare with only 19 cases previously reported in the literature. A case is presented of chronic otitis media associated with cholesteatoma in a six-year-old boy with the SBBYS variant of Ohdo syndrome. CASE REPORT A 6-year-old boy presented with perforation of the tympanic membrane and a cholesteatoma in the mesotympanic-attic region associated with chronic otitis media. The child had previously been diagnosed with the SBBYS variant of Ohdo syndrome. Following computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), tympanoplasty was performed with removal of the lesion. CONCLUSIONS This is the first case described in the literature of chronic otitis media associated with cholesteatoma in a patient with the SBBYS variant of Ohdo syndrome. This case demonstrates the importance of specialist otolaryngology referral for patient management.


Assuntos
Blefarofimose/complicações , Colesteatoma da Orelha Média/complicações , Hipotireoidismo Congênito/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Deficiência Intelectual/complicações , Instabilidade Articular/complicações , Otite Média/complicações , Criança , Colesteatoma da Orelha Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Crônica , Facies , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Doenças Raras
2.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 275(10): 2449-2455, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30097716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the Galletti-Contrino manoeuvre with the more widely used Semont-Toupet in overweight subjects presenting with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPBV) of vertical semicircular canals (posterior and anterior canals). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PATIENTS: 204 patients (BMI range 25-30) with a diagnosis of BPPV of vertical semicircular canals were randomly divided in two groups treated with two different maneuvers: Galletti-Contrino (Group A) and Semont-Toupet manoeuvre (Group B). The results were compared with those obtained from a control group (204 non-overweight subjects with BPV of vertical semicircular canals.) INTERVENTION: Galletti Contrino/ Semont Toupet manoeuvres. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Liberatory nystagmus or vertigo after maximum 2 maneuvers. Vertigo and dizziness intensity scores (Visual analogue scale VAS 0-10) from day 0 to day 5 following the repositioning manoeuvre were also recorded in responsive patients. RESULTS: While in non-overweight subjects no significant difference comparing the effectiveness of the two manoeuvres was found, liberatory nystagmus and vertigo were more frequently observed after Galletti Contrino manoeuvre in overweight subjects; this difference was statistically significant when posterior canals were involved (P < 0.03). Vertigo and dizziness VAS scores reduced significantly from day 0 to day 5 after therapy in all groups. A more significant reduction of dizziness VAS was recorded in patients undergoing Galletti-Contrino manoeuvre at days 4-5 (P < 0.005). CONCLUSION: Galletti-Contrino manoeuvre seems to be significantly more effective than Semont-Toupet manoeuvre in the treatment of BPPV of posterior semicircular canal and may be preferential in patients with limited body movements.


Assuntos
Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna/reabilitação , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Canais Semicirculares/fisiopatologia , Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escala Visual Analógica
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