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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 112380, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707048

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Yueju-Ganmaidazao Decoction (YG) is a multiherbal medicine prescribed for treatment of mood disorder, consisting of two classical traditional Chinese herbal medicine Yueju and Ganmaidazao. Yueju and Ganmaidazao both are used for depression treatment. The combined decoction of Yueju and Ganmaidazao is prescribed to achieve optimal clinical outcomes by dealing with different symptoms of depression. Recent studies indicated ethanol extract of Yueju was capable to confer rapid antidepressant-like response. The antidepressant activity of YG decoction with fast-onset feature remains to be investigated. AIM OF THE STUDY: Rapid and safe antidepressant treatment is urgently needed. This study aimed to assess the rapid antidepressant-like activity of YG and the underlying mechanism, focusing on NMDA/NO/cGMP signaling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The optimal doses for immediate and persistent antidepressant-like response were first screened using tail suspension test (TST) and forced swimming test (FST) post a single administration of YG. The rapid action was further confirmed by using the chronic mild stress (CMS) and learned helplessness (LH) paradigms. The expressions of NMDA receptor subunits were evaluated post stress and YG. The contributions of NMDA, NO, and cGMP signaling to the antidepressant effect of YG were investigated systematically using pharmacological interventions. RESULTS: The optimal dose for immediate and persistent antidepressant potential, evidenced with reduced immobility times in TST or FST from 30 min to 7 days, was determined. The rapid antidepressant-like effect was confirmed in CMS and LH paradigms, including instant normalization of sucrose preference behavior. The expression of NMDA subunit NR1 in the hippocampus was reduced from 30 min to 5 days post YG. In animals subjected to CMS and LH, hippocampal NR1 expression increased, reversed by YG. YG's antidepressant-like effect was blunted by pretreatment with the agonists along the signalings including NMDA (75 mg/kg), L-arginine (750 mg/kg) and sildenafil (5 mg/kg) in TST or FST. Conversely, administration of subeffective dose of individual antagonists, including MK-801 (0.05 mg/kg), 7-nitroindazole (30 mg/kg), methylene blue (10 mg/kg), in combination with a subeffective dose of YG, elicited antidepressant effects. CONCLUSION: YG conferred rapid antidepressant-like effects, and the antidepressant response was essentially dependent on suppression of NMDA/NO/cGMP signaling.

2.
Parasitol Res ; 117(6): 1965-1968, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29644423

RESUMO

Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is one of the most serious parasitic zoonosis in Asia. Shiqu County is the most important endemic area of AE in China. Our primary objective is to find out the risk factors for Echinococcus multilocularis infection in domestic dogs in Shiqu County during the summer herding period. A total of 120 fecal samples were collected from 60 ranchers in October 2016. Nested PCR (nPCR) was performed to amplify regions of the mitochondrial12S rRNA gene of E. multilocularis. The results showed that the infection rates of AE in dogs from Qiwu, Yiniu, Changshaganma, Derongma, Mengyi, and Xiazha villages were 5, 5, 10, 20, 10, and 5%, respectively. It should be stressed that the infected dogs will shed eggs through feces and may have a habit of preying on rodents, the intermediate host of the parasite, and become re-infected. This investigation confirmed the presence of E. multilocularis infection in dogs in Shiqu and revealed the risk factors associated with the infection during summer herding.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Equinococose/veterinária , Echinococcus multilocularis/isolamento & purificação , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Equinococose/parasitologia , Echinococcus multilocularis/genética , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA Ribossômico/genética , Fatores de Risco , Zoonoses/parasitologia
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