Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 67
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Med Virol ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032057

RESUMO

Variants of SARS-CoV-2 continue to emerge, posing great challenges in outbreak prevention and control. It is important to understand in advance the impact of possible variants of concern (VOCs) on infectivity and antigenicity. Here, we constructed one or more of the 15 high-frequency naturally occurring amino acid changes in the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of Alpha, Beta and Gamma variants. Single mutant of A520S, V367F, and S494P in above three VOCs enhanced infectivity in ACE2-overexpressing 293T cells of different species, LLC-MK2 and Vero cells. Aggregation of multiple RBD mutations significantly reduces the infectivity of the possible three VOCs. Regarding neutralization, it is noteworthy that E484K, N501Y, K417N, and N439K predispose to monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) protection failure in the 15 high-frequency mutations. Most importantly, almost all possible VOCs (single RBD mutation or aggregation of multiple mutations) showed no more than a 4-fold decrease in neutralizing activity with convalescent sera, vaccine sera, and immune sera of guinea pigs with different immunogens, and no significant antigenic drift was formed. In conclusion, our pseudovirus results could reduce the concern that the aggregation of multiple high-frequency mutations in the RBD of the spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 variants does not lead to severe antigenic drift, and this would provide value for vaccine development strategies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-35, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856891

RESUMO

The ubiquitously-expressed proteolytic enzyme furin is closely related to the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2, and therefore represents a key target for antiviral therapy. Based on bioinformatic analysis and pseudovirus tests, we discovered a second functional furin site located in the spike protein. Furin still increased the infectivity of mutated SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus in 293T-ACE2 cells when the canonical polybasic cleavage site (682-686) was deleted. However, K814A mutation eliminated the enhancing effect of furin on virus infection. Furin inhibitor prevented infection by 682-686-deleted SARS-CoV-2 in 293T-ACE2-furin cells, but not the K814A mutant. K814A mutation did not affect the activity of TMPRSS2 and cathepsin L but did impact the cleavage of S2 into S2' and cell-cell fusion. Additionally, we showed that this functional furin site exists in RaTG13 from bat and PCoV-GD/GX from pangolin. Therefore, we discovered a new functional furin site which is pivotal in promoting SARS-CoV-2 infection.

3.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-11, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34890524

RESUMO

SummaryThe emergence of Omicron has brought new challenges to fight against SARS-CoV-2. A large number of mutations in the Spike protein suggest that its susceptibility to immune protection elicited by the existing COVID-19 infection and vaccines may be altered. In this study, we constructed the pseudotyped SARS-CoV-2 variant Omicron. The sensitivity of 28 serum samples from COVID-19 convalescent patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 original strain was tested against pseudotyped Omicron as well as the other viruses of concern (VOCs, Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta) and viruses of interest (VOIs, Lambda, Mu). Our results indicated that the mean neutralization ED50 of these sera against Omicron decreased to 66,which is about 8.4 folds compared to the D614G reference strain (ED50 = 556), whereas the neutralization activity of other VOC and VOI pseudotyped viruses decreased only about 1.2-4.5 folds. The finding from our in vitro assay suggest that Omicron variant may lead to more significant escape from immune protection elicited by previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and perhaps even by existing COVID-19 vaccines.

4.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-30, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818119

RESUMO

AbstractSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 variants have continued to emerge in diverse geographic locations with a temporal distribution. The Lambda variant containing multiple mutations in the spike protein, has thus far appeared mainly in South America. The variant harbours two mutations in the receptor binding domain, L452Q and F490S, which may change its infectivity and antigenicity to neutralizing antibodies. In this study, we constructed 10 pseudoviruses to study the Lambda variant and each individual amino acid mutation's effect on viral function, and used eight cell lines to study variant infectivity. In total, 12 monoclonal antibodies, 14 convalescent sera, and 23 immunized sera induced by mRNA vaccines, inactivated vaccine, and adenovirus type 5 vector vaccine were used to study the antigenicity of the Lambda variant. We found that compared with the D614G reference strain, Lambda demonstrated enhanced infectivity of Calu-3 and LLC-MK2 cells by 3.3-fold and 1.6-fold, respectively. Notably, the sensitivity of the Lambda variant to 5 of 12 neutralizing monoclonal antibodies, 9G11, AM180, R126, X593, and AbG3, was substantially diminished. Furthermore, convalescent- and vaccine-immunized sera showed on average 1.3-2.5-fold lower neutralizing titres against the Lambda variant. Single mutation analysis revealed that this reduction in neutralization was caused by L452Q and F490S mutations. Collectively, the reduced neutralization ability of the Lambda variant suggests that the efficacy of monoclonal antibodies and vaccines may be compromised during the current pandemic.

5.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 1196, 2021 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645933

RESUMO

Emerging mutations in SARS-CoV-2 cause several waves of COVID-19 pandemic. Here we investigate the infectivity and antigenicity of ten emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants-B.1.1.298, B.1.1.7(Alpha), B.1.351(Beta), P.1(Gamma), P.2(Zeta), B.1.429(Epsilon), B.1.525(Eta), B.1.526-1(Iota), B.1.526-2(Iota), B.1.1.318-and seven corresponding single amino acid mutations in the receptor-binding domain using SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus. The results indicate that the pseudovirus of most of the SARS-CoV-2 variants (except B.1.1.298) display slightly increased infectivity in human and monkey cell lines, especially B.1.351, B.1.525 and B.1.526 in Calu-3 cells. The K417N/T, N501Y, or E484K-carrying variants exhibit significantly increased abilities to infect mouse ACE2-overexpressing cells. The activities of furin, TMPRSS2, and cathepsin L are increased against most of the variants. RBD amino acid mutations comprising K417T/N, L452R, Y453F, S477N, E484K, and N501Y cause significant immune escape from 11 of 13 monoclonal antibodies. However, the resistance to neutralization by convalescent serum or vaccines elicited serum is mainly caused by the E484K mutation. The convalescent serum from B.1.1.7- and B.1.351-infected patients neutralized the variants themselves better than other SARS-CoV-2 variants. Our study provides insights regarding therapeutic antibodies and vaccines, and highlights the importance of E484K mutation.


Assuntos
COVID-19/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/genética , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/terapia , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Mamíferos/imunologia , Camundongos , Mutação , Pandemias , Primatas/imunologia , Ligação Proteica , Tropismo/genética
6.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(3): nwaa297, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676096

RESUMO

Receptor recognition and subsequent membrane fusion are essential for the establishment of successful infection by SARS-CoV-2. Halting these steps can cure COVID-19. Here we have identified and characterized a potent human monoclonal antibody, HB27, that blocks SARS-CoV-2 attachment to its cellular receptor at sub-nM concentrations. Remarkably, HB27 can also prevent SARS-CoV-2 membrane fusion. Consequently, a single dose of HB27 conferred effective protection against SARS-CoV-2 in two established mouse models. Rhesus macaques showed no obvious adverse events when administrated with 10 times the effective dose of HB27. Cryo-EM studies on complex of SARS-CoV-2 trimeric S with HB27 Fab reveal that three Fab fragments work synergistically to occlude SARS-CoV-2 from binding to the ACE2 receptor. Binding of the antibody also restrains any further conformational changes of the receptor binding domain, possibly interfering with progression from the prefusion to the postfusion stage. These results suggest that HB27 is a promising candidate for immuno-therapies against COVID-19.

7.
Vaccine ; 39(41): 6050-6056, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521552

RESUMO

The development of an effective vaccine to control the global coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus- 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is of utmost importance. In this study, a synthetic DNA-based vaccine candidate, known as pSV10-SARS-CoV-2, expressing the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein was designed and tested in 39 BALB/c mice with BC01, an adjuvant derived from unmethylated CpG motif-containing DNA fragments from the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin genome. Mice vaccinated with pSV10-SARS-CoV-2 with BC01 produced early neutralizing antibodies and developed stronger humoral and cellular immune responses compared to mice that received the DNA vaccine only. Moreover, sera from mice vaccinated with pSV10-SARS-CoV-2 with BC01 can neutralize certain variants, including 614G, 614G + 472 V, 452R, 483A, 501Y.V2, and B.1.1.7. The results of this study demonstrate that the addition of BC01 to a DNA-vaccine for COVID-19 could elicit more effective neutralizing antibody titers for disease prevention.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas de DNA , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Vacina BCG , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , DNA , Genômica , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética
8.
Antiviral Res ; 194: 105161, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391783

RESUMO

Ebola virus (EBOV) has emerged as a significant public health concern since the 2013-2016 outbreak in West Africa. Currently, no effective antiviral treatments have been approved for clinical use. Compound 1 RYL-634 is a quinolone-derived compound that can inhibit dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, a rate-limiting enzyme in the de novo pyrimidine synthesis pathway and it exhibited antiviral activity against multiple RNA virus infection. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of a panel of newly developed compounds based on RYL-634 against EBOV infection. Our data showed that RYL-634 as well as its derivatives are effective against EBOV transcription- and replication-competent virus-like particle (trVLP) infection and authentic EBOV infection in vitro at low nanomolar IC50 values and relatively high CC50. Of note, the new derivative RYL-687 had the lowest IC50 at approximately 7 nM and was almost 6 times more potent than remdesivir (GS-5734). Exogenous addition of different metabolites in the pyrimidine de novo synthesis pathway confirmed DHODH as the target of RYL-687. These data provide evidence that such quinolone-derived compounds are promising therapeutic candidates against EBOV infection.

9.
Cell Discov ; 7(1): 53, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285195

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a pandemic disease caused by the newly emerging severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has caused more than 3.8 million deaths to date. Neutralizing antibodies are effective therapeutic measures. However, many naturally occurring mutations at the receptor-binding domain (RBD) have emerged, and some of them can evade existing neutralizing antibodies. Here, we utilized RenMab, a novel mouse carrying the entire human antibody variable region, for neutralizing antibody discovery. We obtained several potent RBD-blocking antibodies and categorized them into four distinct groups by epitope mapping. We determined the involved residues of the epitope of three representative antibodies by cryo-electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) studies. Moreover, we performed neutralizing experiments with 50 variant strains with single or combined mutations and found that the mixing of three epitope-distinct antibodies almost eliminated the mutant escape. Our study provides a sound basis for the rational design of fully human antibody cocktails against SARS-CoV-2 and pre-emergent coronaviral threats.

10.
Front Immunol ; 12: 687869, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220844

RESUMO

To determine whether the neutralization activity of monoclonal antibodies, convalescent sera and vaccine-elicited sera was affected by the top five epidemic SARS-CoV-2 variants in the UK, including D614G+L18F+A222V, D614G+A222V, D614G+S477N, VOC-202012/01(B.1.1.7) and D614G+69-70del+N439K, a pseudovirus-neutralization assay was performed to evaluate the relative neutralization titers against the five SARS-CoV-2 variants and 12 single deconvolution mutants based on the variants. In this study, 18 monoclonal antibodies, 10 sera from convalescent COVID-19 patients, 10 inactivated-virus vaccine-elicited sera, 14 mRNA vaccine-elicited sera, nine RBD-immunized mouse sera, four RBD-immunized horse sera, and four spike-encoding DNA-immunized guinea pig sera were tested and analyzed. The N501Y, N439K, and S477N mutations caused immune escape from nine of 18 mAbs. However, the convalescent sera, inactivated virus vaccine-elicited sera, mRNA vaccine-elicited sera, spike DNA-elicited sera, and recombinant RBD protein-elicited sera could still neutralize these variants (within three-fold changes compared to the reference D614G variant). The neutralizing antibody responses to different types of vaccines were different, whereby the response to inactivated-virus vaccine was similar to the convalescent sera.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Animais , COVID-19/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Camundongos , Testes de Neutralização/métodos , Reino Unido , Vacinação
11.
Se Pu ; 39(4): 424-429, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227763

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women. Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer which accounts for 5% of all human cancers and results in about 528000 cases and 266000 deaths every year. HPV vaccines are considered the most effective strategy for the prevention of HPV infection and cervical carcinoma. Since 2006, three prophylactic vaccines against HPV have been available on the market, including bivalent vaccines, quadrivalent vaccines, and nine-valent vaccines. Among them, nine-valent vaccines have been reported to be the most effective. They can prevent 97% of the high-grade pre-cancer lesions. Virus-like particles (VLPs), which are arranged as 360 copies of capsid proteins L1, are the only antigens of the HPV vaccine. Nine-valent HPV vaccines are prepared by mixing nine types of VLPs with adjuvants. Thus, the quality of the VLPs, including their stability and content in the HPV bulk, is very important for developing HPV vaccines. In this study, a method was developed for the determination of the nine types of VLPs (HPV6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) in HPV bulk by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The parameters of this method were optimized in terms of column brand, pore size of stationary phase particles, buffer concentration, and pH value. SHIMSEN Ankylo SEC-300 column (300 mm×7.8 mm, 3 µm) combined with a buffer aqueous solution containing 300 mmol/L NaCl and 50 mmol/L phosphate (pH 7.0) was utilized to separate the VLPs from the matrix since a narrow peak shape and good repeatability for VLPs could be obtained with this column and mobile phase. The optimized method had a wide linear range, good repeatability (RSDs of peak area were not more than 5.0%), and a satisfactory sensitivity (LOQs in the range of 4.58-15.24 µg/mL). The optimized method was used to determine the VLPs in the HPV bulk. The LOQs of the current method were much lower than the content of the nine types of VLPs in the HPV bulk, indicating that this method was sensitive enough for the determination of the nine types of VLPs in the HPV bulk. The method was also used to determine the VLPs in an HPV bulk that had been stored at 4 ℃ for one week. A decrease in the nine types of VLPs in the range of 10.0%-62.6% was observed after they were stored at 4 ℃ for one week. An HPV vaccine was prepared by mixing the VLPs with an adjuvant. Thereafter, the VLPs were adsorbed on the surface of the adjuvant. The developed method was applied to determine the free VLPs in twelve batches of HPV vaccines from three different manufacturers. No obvious free protein was detected in the twelve batches of the HPV vaccines from the three manufacturers, indicating that VLPs from these manufactures react well with their aluminum adjuvant. Folin-phenol (Lowry assay) is commonly used for the determination of proteins in vaccines. It is based on the reduction of phosphomolybdotungstic mixed acid chromogen in the phosphomolybdotungstic reagent, which results in an absorbance maximum at 650 nm. The Lowry method was sensitive to interfering substances. Most interfering substances caused a lower color yield, while some detergents caused a slight increase in color. To reduce the effect of the interfering substances, a procedure for precipitating the proteins was usually required before the sample was tested. Thus, the Lowry assay is complex, time-consuming, and of low selectivity. Compared to the Lowry method, the method we developed is simpler and more automatic. It is a high-throughput method of determining VLPs. It can be used to determine VLPs in HPV bulk and free VLPs in HPV vaccines.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Vacinas de Partículas Semelhantes a Vírus , Cromatografia em Gel , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/análise , Vacinas de Partículas Semelhantes a Vírus/análise
12.
Vaccine ; 39(28): 3724-3730, 2021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059373

RESUMO

In order to meet the domestic urgent needs of evaluating the immunogenicity of vaccines and the potency testing of therapeutic antibody products against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the first Chinese national standards for SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody were established. The potency and stability of the candidate standards were determined by neutralization assay and accelerated degradation study. The stability studies showed that the standards were stable in the short-term. The collaborative study showed that the candidate standards could reduce the variations in neutralization titers between labs and thus improve comparability of neutralizing antibody measurements. Sample 22 has been approved by the Biological Product Reference Standards Sub-Committee of the National Drug Reference Standards Committee as the first Chinese National Standard for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) neutralizing antibody, with an assigned potency of 1,000 units per milliliter (U/ml). This standard will contribute to the standardized assessment of the quality and efficacy of vaccines and therapeutics for COVID-19 in China.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes , COVID-19 , Anticorpos Antivirais , China , Humanos , Testes de Neutralização , Padrões de Referência , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus
13.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 10(1): 1180-1190, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044752

RESUMO

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a contagious disease common among children under 5 years old worldwide. It is caused by strains of enterovirus, especially EV-A71, which can lead to severe disease. Vaccines are the only way to fight this disease. Accordingly, it is necessary to establish an efficient and accurate methodology to evaluate vaccine efficacy in vivo. Here, we established a practical method using a hSCARB2 knock-in mouse model, which was susceptible to EV-A71 infection at 5-6 weeks of age, to directly determine the efficacy of vaccines. Unlike traditional approaches, one-week-old hSCARB2 mice were immunized twice with a licensed vaccine, with an interval of a week. The titre of antibodies was measured after 1 week. Mice at 4 weeks of age were challenged with EV-A71 intraperitoneally and intracranially, respectively. The unimmunized hSCARB2 mice displayed systemic clinical symptoms and succumbed to the disease at a rate of approximately 50%. High viral loads were detected in the lungs, brain, and muscles, accompanied by clear pathological changes. The expression of IL-1ß, IL-13, IL-17, and TNF-α was significantly upregulated. By contrast, the immunized group was practically normal and indistinguishable from the control mice. These results indicate that the hSCARB2 knock-in mouse is susceptible to infection in adulthood, and the in vivo efficacy of EV-A71 vaccine could be directly evaluated in this mouse model. The method developed here may be used in the development of new vaccines against HFMD or quality control of licensed vaccines.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A/imunologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/prevenção & controle , Glicoproteínas de Membrana Associadas ao Lisossomo/genética , Receptores Depuradores/genética , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/administração & dosagem , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Enterovirus Humano A/fisiologia , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/imunologia , Humanos , Imunização , Camundongos , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/imunologia , Carga Viral , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
15.
Cell Discov ; 7(1): 21, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824288

RESUMO

The origin and intermediate host for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is yet to be determined. Coronaviruses found to be closely related to SARS-CoV-2 include RaTG13 derived from bat and two clusters (PCoV-GD and PCoV-GX) of coronaviruses identified in pangolin. Here, we studied the infectivity and antigenicity patterns of SARS-CoV-2 and the three related coronaviruses. Compared with the other three viruses, RaTG13 showed almost no infectivity to a variety of cell lines. The two pangolin coronaviruses and SARS-CoV-2 showed similar infectious activity. However, in SARS-CoV-2-susceptible cell lines, the pangolin coronaviruses presented even higher infectivity. The striking difference between the SARS-CoV-2 and pangolin coronaviruses is that the latter can infect porcine cells, which could be partially attributed to an amino acid difference at the position of 498 of the spike protein. The infection by SARS-CoV-2 was mainly mediated by Furin and TMPRSS2, while PCoV-GD and PCoV-GX mainly depend on Cathepsin L. Extensive cross-neutralization was found between SARS-CoV-2 and PCoV-GD. However, almost no cross-neutralization was observed between PCoV-GX and SARS-CoV-2 or PCoV-GD. More attention should be paid to pangolin coronaviruses and to investigate the possibility of these coronaviruses spreading across species to become zoonoses among pigs or humans.

16.
Cell ; 184(9): 2362-2371.e9, 2021 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735608

RESUMO

The 501Y.V2 variants of SARS-CoV-2 containing multiple mutations in spike are now dominant in South Africa and are rapidly spreading to other countries. Here, experiments with 18 pseudotyped viruses showed that the 501Y.V2 variants do not confer increased infectivity in multiple cell types except for murine ACE2-overexpressing cells, where a substantial increase in infectivity was observed. Notably, the susceptibility of the 501Y.V2 variants to 12 of 17 neutralizing monoclonal antibodies was substantially diminished, and the neutralization ability of the sera from convalescent patients and immunized mice was also reduced for these variants. The neutralization resistance was mainly caused by E484K and N501Y mutations in the receptor-binding domain of spike. The enhanced infectivity in murine ACE2-overexpressing cells suggests the possibility of spillover of the 501Y.V2 variants to mice. Moreover, the neutralization resistance we detected for the 501Y.V2 variants suggests the potential for compromised efficacy of monoclonal antibodies and vaccines.


Assuntos
COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/virologia , Evasão da Resposta Imune , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Mutação/genética , SARS-CoV-2/genética
17.
J Sep Sci ; 44(2): 557-564, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217108

RESUMO

A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed to determine nine types of capsid proteins simultaneously in nine-valent human papillomavirus vaccines. Signature peptides were optimized in terms of specificity, repeatability, determination accuracy and sensitivity. As a result, three signature peptides per capsid protein were obtained. The linear calibration curves were achieved in the range of 11.6-373.6 nmol/L (R2  > 0.998). Compared to our previous liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method, the current method was more sensitive (3.18-fold) and it can be used for quality evaluation of nine-valent human papillomavirus vaccines, unlike the previous method, which could only be used for bivalent human papillomavirus vaccines. Then, they were utilized to determine nine types of capsid proteins in nine-valent human papillomavirus vaccines from four different manufactures. Intraday and interday precision values for the determination of capsid proteins in nine-valent human papillomavirus vaccines were less than 6.8 and 9.1%, respectively. Recovery rates of all capsid proteins investigated were in the range of 80-120%. In addition, the current assay was used for determination of free capsid protein in nine-valent human papilloma virus vaccines, and the results were used to evaluate the adsorption rate of the adjuvant.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Capsídeo/análise , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/química , Calibragem , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
18.
Virol Sin ; 36(1): 104-112, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533414

RESUMO

The Hantaan virus (HTNV) and Seoul virus (SEOV) mutants have accumulated over time. It is important to determine whether their neutralizing epitopes have evolved, thereby making the current vaccine powerless. However, it is impossible to determine by using traditional plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT), because it requires large numbers of live mutant strains. Pseudovirus-based neutralization assays (PBNA) were developed by employing vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) backbone incorporated with HTNV or SEOV glycoproteins (VSVΔG*-HTNVG or VSVΔG*-SEOVG). 56 and 51 single amino acid substitutions of glycoprotein (GP) in HTNV and SEOV were selected and introduced into the reference plasmid. Then the mutant pseudoviruses were generated and tested by PBNA. The PBNA results were highly correlated with PRNT ones with R2 being 0.91 for VSVΔG*-HTNVG and 0.82 for VSVΔG*-SEOVG. 53 HTNV mutant pseudoviruses and 46 SEOV mutants were successfully generated. Importantly, by using PBNA, we found that HTNV or SEOV immunized antisera could neutralize all the corresponding 53 HTNV mutants or the 46 SEOV mutants respectively. The novel PBNA enables us to closely monitor the effectiveness of vaccines against large numbers of evolving HTNV and SEOV. And the current vaccine remains to be effective for the naturally occurring mutants.


Assuntos
Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal , Vírus Seoul , Vírus Hantaan , Humanos , Testes de Neutralização , Seul
19.
NPJ Vaccines ; 5: 89, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042588

RESUMO

With more human papillomavirus (HPV) virus-like particle (VLP) vaccines to hit the market in future, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) with preferably comparable reactivity against vaccines from different expression systems and bioprocesses is urgently needed for the potency characterization. Among all mAbs against HPV16 collected, rabbit mAb H16.001 is potently neutralizing with the highest affinity, recognizes an immune-dominant epitope, and can comparably react with HPV16 vaccines from various sources. Cryo-electron microscopic (cryo-EM) structure demonstrated that 360 H16.001 Fabs could bind to HPV16 capsid in preferable binding manner without steric hindrance between neighboring Fabs, potentially supporting its identification for VLP structural integrity and utility in monitoring VLP structural probity. This structural analysis indicated that mAb H16.001 afforded unbiased potency characterization for various HPV16 vaccines and was potential for use in vaccine regulation practice. This study also showed a model process for selecting suitable mAbs for potency assays of other vaccines.

20.
Nat Protoc ; 15(11): 3699-3715, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978602

RESUMO

Pseudotyped viruses are useful virological tools because of their safety and versatility. On the basis of a vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) pseudotyped virus production system, we developed a pseudotyped virus-based neutralization assay against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in biosafety level 2 facilities. Compared with the binding antibody test, the neutralization assay could discriminate the protective agents from the antibody family. This protocol includes production and titration of the SARS-CoV-2 S pseudotyped virus and the neutralization assay based on it. Various types of samples targeting virus attachment and entry could be evaluated for their potency, including serum samples derived from animals and humans, monoclonal antibodies and fusion inhibitors (peptides or small molecules). If the pseudotyped virus stock has been prepared in advance, it will take 2 days to get the potency data for the candidate samples. Experience in handling cells is needed before implementing this protocol.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/análise , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Técnicas Genéticas , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Animais , COVID-19 , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...