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1.
Protein Expr Purif ; 189: 105973, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560256

RESUMO

The novel anti-PD-L1/TGFBR2-ECD fusion protein (BR102) comprises an anti-PD-L1 antibody (HS636) which is fused at the C terminus of the heavy chain to a TGF-ß1 receptor Ⅱ ectodomain (TGFBR2-ECD), and which can sequester the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway and TGF-ß bioactivity in the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. In the expression of TGFBR2-ECD wild-type fused protein (BR102-WT), a 50 kDa clipped species was confirmed to be induced by proteolytic cleavage at a "QKS" site located in the N-terminus of the ectodomain, which resulted in the formation of IgG-like clipping. The matrix metalloproteinase-9 was determined to be associated with BR102-WT digestion. In addition, it was observed that the N-glycosylation modifications of the fusion protein were tightly involved in regulating proteolytic activity and the levels of cleavage could be significantly suppressed by MMP-inhibitors. To avoid proteolytic degradation, eliminating protease-sensitive amino acid motifs and introducing potential glycosylation were performed. Three sensitive motifs were mutated, and the levels of clipping were strongly restrained. The mutant candidates exhibited similar binding affinities to hPD-L1 and hTGF-ß1 as well as highly purified BR102-WT2. Furthermore, the mutants displayed more significant proteolytic resistance than that of BR102-WT2 in the lysate incubation reaction and the plasma stability test. Moreover, the bifunctional candidate Mu3 showed an additive antitumor effect in MC38/hPD-L1 bearing models as compared to that of with anti-PD-L1 antibody alone. In conclusion, in this study, the protease-sensitive features of BR102-WT were well characterized and efficient optimization was performed. The candidate BR102-Mutants exhibited advanced druggability in drug stability and displayed desirable antitumor activity.

2.
Ann Hepatol ; : 100563, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653690

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) EPIC1 (epigenetically-induced lncRNA1) is likely involved in human cancer by promoting cell cycle progression. Our study was carried out to investigate the involvement of EPIC1 in gallbladder cancer (GBC). METHODS: Expression levels of EPIC1 in two types of tissues (GBC and paracancerous) and plasma were measured by performing qPCR. GBC-SD and SGC-996 cells were transfected with low expression in tumor (LET) and EPIC1 expression vectors. RESULTS: The present study found that EPIC1 was upregulated in tumor tissues than in paracancerous tissues of GBC patients, and plasma levels of EPIC1 were significantly correlated with levels of EPIC1 in tumor tissues. LncRNA LET was downregulated in tumor tissues than in paracancerous tissues and was inversely correlated with EPIC1 in both tumor tissues and paracancerous tissues. Overexpression of EPIC1 led to downregulated LET, and LET overexpression also mediated the downregulation of EPIC1. EPIC1 led to accelerated GBC cell proliferation and inhibited apoptosis. Overexpression of LET played opposites roles. In addition, LET overexpression attenuated the effects of EPIC1 overexpression on cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA EPIC1 promoted proliferation and inhibited apoptosis of GBC cells by interacting with LET.

3.
Int J Anal Chem ; 2021: 2514762, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630567

RESUMO

Separation power was limited when the conventional high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprinting method based on a single column was used to analyze very complex traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations. In this research, a novel HPLC fingerprinting method based on column switching technology by using a single pump was established for evaluating the quality of Tianmeng oral liquid (TMOL). Twelve batches of TMOL samples were used for constructing HPLC fingerprints. Compared with the 16 common peaks in fingerprinting with a single column, 25 common peaks were achieved with two columns connected through a six-way valve. The similarity analysis combined with bootstrap method was applied to determine the similarity threshold, which was 0.992 to distinguish expired samples and unexpired samples. Principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) were also applied to classify the TMOL samples, and results revealed that expired and unexpired samples are classified into two categories. The HPLC fingerprinting based on column switching technology with better separation power and higher peak capacity could characterize chemical composition information more comprehensively, providing an effective and alternative method to control and evaluate the quality of TMOL, which would offer a valuable reference for other TCM preparations.

4.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 109: 57-65, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607674

RESUMO

Improving our understanding of air pollutant emissions from the asphalt industry is critical for the development and implementation of pollution control policies. In this study, the spatial distribution of potential maximum emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the complete life cycle of asphalt mixtures, as well as the particulate matter (PM), asphalt fume, nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), VOCs, and benzoapyrene (BaP) emissions from typical processes (e.g., asphalt and concrete mixing stations, asphalt heating boilers, and asphalt storage tanks) in asphalt mixing plants, were determined in Beijing in 2017. The results indicated that the potential maximum emissions of VOCs in the complete life cycle of asphalt mixtures were 18,001 ton, with a large contribution from the districts of Daxing, Changping, and Tongzhou. The total emissions of PM, asphalt fume, NMHC, VOCs, and BaP from asphalt mixing plants were 3.1, 12.6, 3.1, 23.5, and 1.9 × 10-3 ton, respectively. The emissions of PM from asphalt and concrete mixing stations contributed the most to the total emissions. The asphalt storage tank was the dominant emission source of VOCs, accounting for 96.1% of the total VOCs emissions in asphalt mixing plants, followed by asphalt heating boilers. The districts of Daxing, Changping, and Shunyi were the dominant regions for the emissions of PM, asphalt fume, NMHC, and BaP, while the districts of Shunyi, Tongzhou, and Changping contributed the most emissions of VOCs.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Pequim , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Hidrocarbonetos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
5.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(11): 5193-5200, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708958

RESUMO

The emission characteristics of VOCs from three typical rubber manufacture industries were studied by GC-MS/FID. Maximum incremental reactivity(MIR) and fractional aerosol coefficient(FAC) were employed to evaluate the ozone formation potential(OFP) and secondary organic aerosol(SOA) formation potential. The results show that the VOC types emitted from the manufacturing of rubber products mainly include alkanes, ketones, aldehydes, alcohols, and benzene series. For traditional rubber products manufactured through rubber mixing and vulcanization, the main pollutants are ketones and alcohols, whereas for production processes involving gluing and painting, the main pollutants belong to the benzene series. In terms of ozone impact, the traditional processes contribute to ozone formation mainly through oxygenated hydrocarbons. In industries that utilize adhesives and paints, the extensive use of these organic solvents lead to a significantly higher contribution of the benzene series than other VOC species to ozone formation; the benzene series account for 82.9% of the total contribution. In terms of SOA impact, the benzene series are the main contributor to SOA, whereas the contribution of VOCs from traditional processes is small; hence, SOA primarily originates from the gluing and painting processes. Therefore, in traditional production of rubber products through rubber mixing and vulcanization, the emission of oxygenated hydrocarbons should be preferentially controlled, whereas for rubber industries utilizing gluing and painting processes, the emission of benzene series should be preferentially controlled.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Ozônio , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ozônio/análise , Borracha , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
6.
ACS Nano ; 15(9): 14972-14984, 2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491712

RESUMO

How the three-dimensional (3D) chiral environment affects the biocatalysis remains an important issue, thereby inspiring the development of a microenvironment that highly mimics the natural features of enzyme to guarantee enhanced biocatalysis. In this study, two gelators bearing d/l-phenylalanine as chiral centers are designed to construct the 3D chiral catalytic microenvironment for enhancing the biocatalysis of lipase. Such a microenvironment is programmed through chiral transmission of chirality from molecular chirality to achiral polymers. It shows that the chirality of the microenvironment evidently influences the catalytic efficiency of immobilized lipase inside the system, and the 3D microenvironment constructed by right-handed helical nanostructures can enhance the catalytic activity of lipase inside as high as 10-fold for catalyzing 4-nitrophenyl palmitate (NPP) to 4-nitrophenol (NP) and 1.4-fold for catalyzing lipids to triglycerides (TGs) in 3T3-L1 cells than that of the achiral microenvironment. Moreover, the 3D chiral microenvironment has the merits of good catalytic efficiency, high storage stability, and efficient recyclability. This strategy of designing a 3D chiral microenvironment suitable for biocatalysis will overcome the present limitations of enzymatic immobilization in traditional materials and enhance the understanding of biocatalysis.


Assuntos
Biocatálise
7.
Autoimmunity ; 54(7): 471-482, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is a lethal malignancy in both sexes throughout the world. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been implicated in the development of pancreatic cancer by operating as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs). Here, we explored circ_0099999-mediated ceRNA activity in regulating pancreatic tumorigenesis. METHODS: Ribonuclease R (RNase R) and subcellular localization assays were utilized to characterize circ_0099999. The levels of circ_0099999, microRNA (miR)-330-5p, and fascin actin-bundling protein 1 (FSCN1) were gauged by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot. Cell proliferation, colony formation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were evaluated by the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, flow cytometry, and transwell assays, respectively. The levels of glucose consumption and lactate production were determined using the assay kits. A direct relationship between miR-330-5p and circ_0099999 or FSCN1 was validated by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Tumour xenograft assays were used to analyse the role of circ_0099999 in vivo. RESULTS: Circ_0099999 was highly up-regulated in pancreatic cancer tissues and cells. Knockdown of circ_0099999 impeded cell proliferation, migration, invasion, glycolysis, and promoted apoptosis in vitro, as well as diminished tumour growth in vivo. Circ_0099999 targeted miR-330-5p, and miR-330-5p was a downstream mediator of circ_0099999 function. FSCN1 was a direct and functional target of miR-330-5p. Furthermore, circ_0099999 operated as a ceRNA for miR-330-5p to modulate FSCN1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings established a novel causal mechanism, circ_0099999/miR-330-5p/FSCN1 ceRNA crosstalk, in regulating pancreatic carcinogenesis and provided that inhibition of circ_0099999 might have therapeutic benefits in pancreatic cancer.

8.
Environ Pollut ; 289: 117847, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388553

RESUMO

Measurements of real-world cooking emission factors (CEFs) were rarely reported in recent year's studies. However, the needs for accurately estimating CEFs to produce cooking emission inventories and further implement controlling measures are urgent. In this study, we collected cooking emission aerosols from real-world commercial location operations in Beijing, China. 2 particulate (PM2.5, OC) and 2 gaseous (NMHC, OVOCs) CEF species were examined on influencing activity conditions of cuisine type, controlling technology, operation scales (represented by cook stove numbers), air exhausting volume, as well as location and operation period. Measured NMHC emission factors (Non-barbecue: 8.19 ± 9.06 g/h and Barbecue: 35.48 ± 11.98 g/h) were about 2 times higher than PM2.5 emission factors (Non-barbecue: 4.88 ± 3.43 g/h and Barbecue: 15.48 ± 7.22 g/h). T-test analysis results showed a significantly higher barbecued type CEFs than non-barbecued cuisines for both particulate and gaseous emission factor species. The efficacy of controlling technology was showing an average of 50 % in decreasing PM2.5 CEFs while a 50 % in increasing OC particulate CEFs. The effects of controlling equipment were not significant in removing NMHC and OVOCs exhaust concentrations. CEF variations within cook stove numbers and air exhausting volume also reflected a comprehensive effect of operation scale, cuisine type and control technology. The simulations among activity influencing factors and CEFs were further determined and estimated using hierarchical multiple regression model. The R square of this simulated model for PM2.5 CEFs was 0.80 (6.17 × 10-9) with standardized regression coefficient of cuisine type, location, sampling period, control technology, cook stove number (N) and N2 of 5.18 (0.02), 5.33 (0.02), 1.93 (0.19), 9.29 (4.18 × 10-6), 9.10 (1.71 × 10-3) and -1.18 (2.43 × 10-3), respectively. In perspective, our study provides ways of better estimating CEFs in real operation conditions and potentially highlighting much more importance of cooking emissions on air quality and human health.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Material Particulado , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Culinária , Monitoramento Ambiental , Gases , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise
9.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(9): 5387-5396, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390357

RESUMO

Keratinases are a group of proteases of great industrial significance. To take full advantage of Bacillus species as an inherent superior microbial producer of proteases, we performed the ribosome engineering to improve the keratinase synthesis capacity of the wild-type Bacillus thuringiensis by inducing streptomycin resistance. Mutant Bt(Str-O) was identified as a stable keratinase overproducer. Comparative characterization of the two strains revealed that, although the resistance to Streptomycin increased by eight-fold in MIC, the mutant's resistance to other commonly used antibiotics was not affected. Furthermore, the mutant exhibited an enhanced keratinase synthesis (1.5-fold) when cultured in a liquid LB medium. In the whole feather degradation experiment, the mutant could secret twofold keratinase into the medium, reaching 640 U/mL per 107 CFU. By contrast, no significant differences were found in the scanning electron microscopic analysis and spore formation experiment. To understand the genetic factors causing these phenotypic changes, we cloned and analyzed the rpsL gene. No mutation was observed. We subsequently determined the genome sequences of the two strains. Comparing the rpsL gene revealed that the emergence of streptomycin resistance was not necessarily dependent on the mutation(s) in the generally recognized "hotspot." Genome-wide analysis showed that the phenotypic changes of the mutant were the collective consequence of the genetic variations occurring in the regulatory regions and the non-coding RNA genes. This study demonstrated the importance of genetic changes in regulatory regions and the effectiveness of irrational ribosome engineering in creating prokaryotic microbial mutants without sufficient genetic information.


Assuntos
Bacillus thuringiensis , Estreptomicina , Bacillus thuringiensis/genética , Bacillus thuringiensis/metabolismo , Mutação , Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico , Estreptomicina/farmacologia
10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 270: 118360, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364605

RESUMO

Alginate biopolymers are characterized by favorable properties, of biocompatibility, degradability, and non-toxicity. However, the poor stability properties of alginate have limited its suitability for diverse applications. Recently, click chemistry has generated significant research interest due to its high reaction efficiency, high selectivity for a single product, harmless byproducts, and processing simplicity. Alginate modified using click chemistry enables the production of alginate derivatives with enhanced physical and chemical properties. Herein, we review the employment of click chemistry in the development of alginate-based materials or systems. Various click chemistries were highlighted, including azide and alkyne cycloaddition (e.g. Copper-(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC), Strain-promoted alkyne-azide cycloaddition (SPAAC)), Diels-Alder reaction (Inverse electron demand Diels-Alder (IEDDA) cycloaddition, Tetrazine-norbornene Diels-Alder reactions), Thiol-ene/yne addition (Free-radical thiol-ene addition click reactions, Thiol-Michael addition click reactions, Thiol-yne addition click reaction), Oxime based click reactions, and other click reactions. Alginate functionalized with click chemistry and its properties were also discussed. The present study shows that click chemistry may be employed in modifying the mechanical strength, biochemical/biological properties of alginate-based materials. Finally, the applications of alginate-based materials in wound dressing, drug delivery, protein delivery, tissue regeneration, and 3D bioprinting were described and the future perspectives of alginates modified with click chemistry, are subsequently presented. This review provides new insights for readers to design structures and expand applications of alginate using click chemistry reactions in a detailed and more rational manner.


Assuntos
Alginatos/química , Química Click/métodos , Bandagens , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Biopolímeros/química , Bioimpressão/métodos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional , Regeneração , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
11.
Biometrics ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34437714

RESUMO

Use of historical data and real-world evidence holds great potential to improve the efficiency of clinical trials. One major challenge is to effectively borrow information from historical data while maintaining a reasonable type I error and minimal bias. We propose the elastic prior approach to address this challenge. Unlike existing approaches, this approach proactively controls the behavior of information borrowing and type I errors by incorporating a well-known concept of clinically significant difference through an elastic function, defined as a monotonic function of a congruence measure between historical data and trial data. The elastic function is constructed to satisfy a set of prespecified criteria such that the resulting prior will strongly borrow information when historical and trial data are congruent, but refrain from information borrowing when historical and trial data are incongruent. The elastic prior approach has a desirable property of being information borrowing consistent, that is, asymptotically controls type I error at the nominal value, no matter that historical data are congruent or not to the trial data. Our simulation study that evaluates the finite sample characteristic confirms that, compared to existing methods, the elastic prior has better type I error control and yields competitive or higher power. The proposed approach is applicable to binary, continuous, and survival endpoints.

12.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 107: 38-48, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412786

RESUMO

Emissions derived from the consumption of organic solvents have been proven to be the primary industrial source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). In conjunction with epidemiologic studies, water-based paints (WBPs) and solvent-based paints (SBPs) were selected as representatives of newly developed solvents and traditional solvents, respectively, to simulate the effects of consuming solvents emitted during industrial production. And non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks to residents near emission sources were studied in detail. The results showed that the spatial distribution of health risks varied with meteorological conditions and type of emission source, and the prevailing wind direction strongly affected the distribution range and shape of the influenced area. The areas of influence maximized on heavy-polluting days for both WBP and SBP emission sources with the total span reaching 804 m and 16 km, respectively; meanwhile, the areas of influence for carcinogenic risk resulting from WBP emission sources were 1.2 and 2.3 times greater than those measured on fine and rainy days, respectively, and 1.8 and 2.9 times greater for SBP emission sources. Compared with WBPs, the total spans of negatively influenced regions resulting from SBP emission sources were 10.4, 12.5 and 19.9 times greater on fine, rainy and heavy-polluting days, respectively. Therefore, carcinogenic risk was the dominant health threat for populations residing close to solvent-consuming industrial emission sources. The findings suggest that newly developed solvents are capable of significantly reducing consequent health threats, nevertheless, they could still pose occasional threats to nearby residents under specific meteorological conditions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Indústrias , Solventes , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
13.
Oncol Lett ; 22(4): 720, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429760

RESUMO

Epithelial ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate of all malignant ovarian cancer types. Great progress has been made in the treatment of ovarian cancer in recent years. However, drug resistance has led to a low level of 5-year survival rate of epithelial ovarian cancer, and the molecular mechanism of which remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to identify the role of redox status in the cisplatin (CDDP) resistance of ovarian cancer. CDDP-resistant SK-OV3 (SK-OV3/cddp) cells were prepared and their reactive oxygen species and glutathione levels were investigated. The effects of hydrogen peroxide on the CDDP sensitivity of the SK-OV3/cddp cells and their expression levels of the redox-associated protein growth arrest and DNA damage 45a (GADD45α) were also investigated. In addition, the impact of GADD45α overexpression on cell viability was evaluated in vitro and in vivo, and the levels of Ser-139 phosphorylated H2A histone family member X (γ-H2AX), which is associated with DNA damage, were detected. The results suggested that redox status affected the drug resistance of the ovarian cancer cells by increasing the expression of GADD45α. The overexpression of GADD45α reversed the CDDP resistance of the SK-OV3/cddp cells and increased the level of γ-H2AX. In conclusion, GADD45α alleviated the CDDP resistance of SK-OV3/cddp cells via the induction of redox-mediated DNA damage.

14.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 275, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accessory spleen has no anatomical or vascular relationship with the normal spleen, The tissue structure and physiological function of the accessory spleen are the same as those of the normal spleen, which usually locate in the splenic hilum and the tail of the pancreas. The aims of this manuscript are to present a rare case of the gastric accessory spleen and a review of the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year-old male patient was sent to the emergency department with stomach bleeding after drinking alcohol. The computed tomographic scan showed a 1.2 cm × 1.7 cm mass at the lesser curvature of the gastric fundus. Gastrointestinal endoscopy displayed a submucosal elevated lesion on the gastric fundus, and gastrectomy was performed. Postoperative pathological examination proved an accessory spleen in the stomach. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on the 6th day after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The accessory spleen at the fundus of stomach is extremely rare, especially in this case, which is accompanied by acute gastric bleeding, and it is difficult to diagnosis before operation. Many literatures reported that it was misdiagnosis as tumor, so it is necessary to diagnose accessory spleen correctly.


Assuntos
Esplenopatias , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pâncreas , Esplenopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Esplenopatias/cirurgia , Estômago/diagnóstico por imagem , Estômago/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 107: 106460, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098036

RESUMO

Tissue-agnostic trials and basket trials enroll patients based on their genetic biomarkers, not tumor type, in an attempt to determine if a new drug can successfully treat disease conditions based on biomarkers. The Bayesian hierarchical model (BHM) provides an attractive approach to design phase II tissue-agnostic trials by allowing information borrowing across multiple disease types. In this article, we elucidate two intrinsic and inevitable issues that may limit the use of BHM to tissue-agnostic trials: sensitivity to the prior specification of the shrinkage parameter and the competing "interest" among disease types in increasing power and controlling type I error. To address these issues, we propose the optimal BHM (OBHM) and clustered OBHM (COBHM) approaches. In these approach, we first specify a flexible utility function to quantify the tradeoff between type I error and power across disease types based on the study objectives, and then we select the prior of the shrinkage parameter to optimize the utility function of clinical and regulatory interest. COBHM further utilizes a simple Bayesian rule to cluster tumor types into sensitive and insensitive subgroups to achieve more accurate information borrowing. Simulation study shows that the OBHM and especially COBHM have desirable operating characteristics, outperforming some existing methods. COBHM effectively balances power and type I error, addresses the sensitivity of the prior selection, and reduces the "unwarranted" subjectivity in the prior selection. It provides a systematic, rigorous way to apply BHM and solve the common problem of blindingly using a non-informative inverse-gamma prior (with a large variance) or priors arbitrarily chosen that may lead to problematic statistical properties.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Projetos de Pesquisa , Teorema de Bayes , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos
16.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 9962997, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34007433

RESUMO

A foreign body in the respiratory tract is one of the common accidental injuries of children in our country, and is usually an important and serious event. Injuries caused by foreign substances in the respiratory tract seriously threaten the health and life of children in Korea and are a great challenge for parents as well. In the process of diagnosis of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract, there is often missed diagnosis or serious complications. Therefore, this article proposes the application of 64-slice spiral CT imaging technology based on smart medical augmented reality in the diagnosis of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract in order to improve the diagnosis of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract, provide help with treatment to improve the prognosis of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract, and reduce the incidence of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract. In this paper, 36 children underwent a 64-slice spiral CT scan of their lungs, and images were transferred to a workstation for multiplanar reconstruction, minimal density projection, three-dimensional volume reconstruction imaging, and CT virtual endoscopic reconstruction, the location, shape, size, and size of the foreign body in contrast with adjacent structural lesions and lesions seen during surgery. Experiments have shown that the left bronchial granulation accounted for 27.3%, the right bronchial granulation 18.75%, the main tracheal granulation 28.6%; there was no significant difference between the left and right bronchial granulation (P > 0.05), while the main tracheal granulation and bilateral bronchial granulation there are significant differences between the shape distributions (P < 0.05). This shows that CT imaging technology has enabled more patients to avoid surgical operations and ensure that the spiral computer can bring the greatest benefits to children. A 64-slice spiral CT scan can diagnose foreign bodies in the child's respiratory tract. The detection rate is high and the diagnostic failure rate is low. The diagnostic rationale provides a reference for early clinical treatment.

17.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 258: 119870, 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957450

RESUMO

As is known to all, the construction of calibration and validation sets is of great importance for how to select representative samples into subsets so that the calibration model can be built, evaluated and predicted effectively for model development. In this study, a method was proposed for the calibration and validation sets constructed by selecting samples maximally similar to the test samples based on the spectra data. Both the Euclidean distance and Mahalanobis distance were attempted to estimate the spectra similarity. The method to select samples for calibration is more suitable and specific to unknown test samples in practical applications, thus improving the measurement accuracy. In addition, the optimization of calibration set size was carried out to avoid the influence of unnecessary samples. Two data sets of Salvia miltiorrhiza (S. miltiorrhiza) and corn by near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) were used to test the performance of the proposed method compared with two typical sample-selection algorithms, Kennard-Stone (KS) and sample set partitioning based on joint x-y distances (SPXY). The experimental results indicated that the proposed method could select a more targeted set of samples for the unknown test samples and had the superior predictive performance to the KS and SPXY methods.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Calibragem , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Projetos de Pesquisa
18.
Chemosphere ; 280: 130771, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975234

RESUMO

Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) related to solar radiation and greenhouse effect is one of the most important volatile sulfides and its' oxidation products are also important contributors to acid rain. It is of great importance to study the consumption and reactions of DMS in the atmosphere. In this work, atmospheric-like particulate TiO2 was selected to study the reaction mechanism of DMS on TiO2 with the purpose to explore the possible heterogeneous oxidation of DMS. The results showed that the heterogeneous reaction of DMS with TiO2 occurred under the condition of illumination, which is a first-order-like reaction with the rate constant K = 2.83 × 10-4/s, the initial reaction uptake coefficient and the steady reaction uptake coefficient indicated the occupation of products and by-products on the surface of TiO2. The heterogeneous reaction mechanism of DMS studied by aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ATOFMS) suggested that DMS underwent a series of complex chemical reactions with sulfate and various sulfur-containing gas products, in which hydroxyl radicals might play an important role.


Assuntos
Atmosfera , Sulfetos , Aerossóis , Titânio
19.
Cancer Lett ; 510: 13-23, 2021 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33862151

RESUMO

An interactive crosstalk between tumor and stroma cells is essential for metastatic melanoma progression. We evidenced that ESDN/DCBLD2/CLCP1 plays a crucial role in endothelial cells during the spread of melanoma. Precisely, increased extravasation and metastasis formation were revealed in ESDN-null mice injected with melanoma cells, even if the primary tumor growth, vessel permeability, and angiogenesis were not enhanced. Interestingly, improved adhesion of melanoma cells to ESDN-depleted endothelial cells was observed, due to the presence of higher levels of E-selectin transcripts/proteins in ESDN-defective cells. In accordance with these results, anticorrelation was observed between ESDN and E-selectin in human endothelial cells. Most importantly, our data revealed that cimetidine, an E-selectin inhibitor, was able to block cell adhesion, extravasation, and metastasis formation in ESDN-null mice, underlying a major role of ESDN in E-selectin transcription upregulation, which according to our data, may presumably be linked to STAT3. Based on our results, we propose a protective role for ESDN during the spread of melanoma and reveal its therapeutic potential.

20.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5564884, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859778

RESUMO

Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis is a major defining feature of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and mainly caused by inflammatory cell infiltration. Smooth muscle (SM) 22α prevents AAA formation through suppressing NF-κB activation. However, the role of SM22α in VSMC apoptosis is controversial. Here, we identified that SM22α loss contributed to apoptosis of VSMCs via activation of macrophages. Firstly, deficiency of SM22α enhanced the interaction of VSMCs with macrophages. Macrophages were retained and activated by Sm22α -/- VSMCs via upregulating VCAM-1 expression. The ratio of apoptosis was increased by 1.62-fold in VSMCs treated with the conditional media (CM) from activated RAW264.7 cells, compared to that of the control CM (P < 0.01), and apoptosis of Sm22α -/- VSMCs was higher than that of WT VSMCs (P < 0.001). Next, circRasGEF1B from activated macrophages was delivered into VSMCs promoting ZFP36 expression via stabilization of ZFP36 mRNA. Importantly, circRasGEF1B, as a scaffold, guided ZFP36 to preferentially bind to and decay Bcl-2 mRNA in a sequence-specific manner and triggered apoptosis of VSMCs, especially in Sm22α -/- VSMCs. These findings reveal a novel mechanism by which the circRasGEF1B-ZFP36 axis mediates macrophage-induced VSMC apoptosis via decay of Bcl-2 mRNA, whereas Sm22α -/- VSMCs have a higher sensitivity to apoptosis.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/deficiência , Proteínas Musculares/deficiência , Músculo Liso Vascular/citologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Comunicação Celular/fisiologia , Técnicas de Reprogramação Celular , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Tristetraprolina/biossíntese , Tristetraprolina/genética , Tristetraprolina/metabolismo
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