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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758355

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in a variety of cancers, but the role of LncRNA DUBR in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), the most prevalent form of lung cancer, remains unclear. In this study we investigated the expression of DUBR in LUAD to ascertain its association with the clinical pathology and prognosis of LUAD. Analysis of mRNA expression in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) LUAD database and in-house LUAD cohort (n = 94) showed that DUBR was significantly downregulated in LUAD, and was associated with poor prognosis. In LUAD cell lines (H1975, A549), overexpression of DUBR significantly suppressed the migration and invasion of the LUAD cells. We demonstrated that c-Myc could bind to the promoter of DUBR, and transcriptionally suppressed its expression. Knockdown of c-Myc almost completely blocked the invasion and migration of LUAD cells, whereas knockdown of DUBR partially rescued c-Myc-knockdown suppressed cell migration and invasion. Furthermore, DUBR overexpression significantly increased the expression of a downstream protein of DUBR, zinc finger, and BTB domain containing 11 (ZBTB11), in H1975 and A549 cells; knockdown of ZBTB11 partially rescued the DUBR-overexpression suppressed cell migration and invasion; knockdown of c-Myc significantly upregulated the expression of ZBTB11 in LUAD cells. Finally, we revealed that DUBR/ZBTB11 axis suppressed oxidative phosphorylation in LUAD cells. In short, we demonstrate that c-Myc/DUBR/ZBTB11 axis suppresses migration and invasion of LUAD by attenuating cell oxidative phosphorylation, which provides new insights into the regulatory mechanism of DUBR.

2.
J Anim Sci ; 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744922

RESUMO

Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of a combined α-galactosidase and xylanase preparation on nutrients digestibility and growth performance in broiler chickens. Experiment 1 had 240 broilers allocated to 3 treatments with the dietary supplementation of 0, 300 and 500 g/t of the enzyme combination. Diet and amino acid (AA) digestibility were assessed. Experiment 2 was a 2 × 3 (enzyme × diet) factorial arrangement with 10 replicates of 12 male broilers per replicate. Diets were based on corn-Soybean meal (SBM) diet and had 3 nutritional levels (normal, 2% apparent metabolizable energy (AME) and crude protein (CP) reduction, and 4% AME and CP reduction). Each of these diets was fed with or without enzyme supplementation. Growth performance, chyme viscosity, nutrients digestibility, and endogenous enzymes activity were assessed. In experiment 1, enzyme supplementation improved the digestibility of Ca (P = 0.025) and ileal digestibility of total AA, Pro, Alu, Ile, Lys, His, Thr, Glu, Val, Leu, Tyr and Phe (P < 0.05), and also tended to increase the AME of diets (P < 0.10). In experiment 2, broilers fed the corn-SBM diet with 4% nutrient reduction had better growth performance (P < 0.05), jejunal digesta viscosity at 42 days (P < 0.01), and lower digestibility of gross energy (GE) (P < 0.05) when compared to those fed the normal nutrient diet. Enzyme inclusion increased digestibility of CP (P = 0.044), GE (P = 0.009), raffinose (P < 0.001) and stachyose (P < 0.001), improved average daily gain (P = 0.031), and reduced jejunal digesta viscosity at 42 days (P = 0.011). Besides, similar improvements trend in amylase, trypsin, sucrase, and maltase activity with enzyme inclusion were observed as with energy. These data support that the enzyme supplementation increased nutrients and ileal amino acid digestibility, improved performance and endogenous enzymes activity.

3.
Lung Cancer ; 154: 124-130, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657514

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the prognostic significance of solid pattern for bone metastases (BM) in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated lung adenocarcinoma patients after surgery. A total of 237 stage I-III lung adenocarcinoma patients with EGFR mutation were analyzed after procedure. The patients were divided into four groups: the solid-present patients with BM, the solid-absent patients with BM, the solid-present patients without BM and the solid-absent patients without BM. The bone disease-free survival (bDFS), systemic disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed. The results revealed that the patients with solid pattern had shorter DFS (15 months vs. 19 months; P < 0.001) and OS (47 months vs. 77 months; P = 0.001). Moreover, bDFS of solid-present patients was significantly shorter than solid-absent patients (27 months vs. 14 months; P < 0.001). In addition, patients with solid component had worsened bDFS, no matter with BM as first-site development (12.5 months vs. 16.5 months; P = 0.016) or non-first-site development (16.5 months vs. 45.5 months; P < 0.001). These findings suggested that solid pattern predicted worse DFS and OS and also showed shortened interval between surgery and BM.

4.
Oncoimmunology ; 10(1): 1865670, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537171

RESUMO

Somatic mutations of STK11 or KEAP1 are associated with poor clinical outcomes for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), chemotherapy, or targeted therapy. Which treatment regimens work better for STK11 or KEAP1 mutated (SKmut) aNSCLC patients is unknown. In this study, the efficacy of atezolizumab versus docetaxel in SKmut aNSCLC was compared. A total of 157 SKmut aNSCLC patients were identified from POPLAR and OAK trials, who were tested by blood-based FoundationOne next-generation sequencing assay. Detailed clinical data and genetic alterations were collected. Two independent cohorts were used for biomarker validation (n = 30 and 20, respectively). Median overall survival was 7.3 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.8 to 9.9) in the atezolizumab group versus 5.8 months (95% CI, 4.4 to 7.2) in the docetaxel group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] for death, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.49 to 0.99; P = .042). Among atezolizumab-treated patients, objective response rate, disease control rate, and durable clinical benefit were higher when blood tumor mutation burden (bTMB) and PD-L1 being higher (biomarker 1, n = 61) or with FAT3 mutation-positive tumors (biomarker 2, n = 83) than otherwise. The interactions for survival between these two biomarkers and treatments were significant, which were further validated in two independent cohorts. In SKmut patients with aNSCLC, atezolizumab was associated with significantly longer overall survival in comparison to docetaxel. Having FAT3 mutation or high TMB and PD-L1 expression potentially predict favorable response in SKmut patients receiving atezolizumab.

5.
J Thorac Oncol ; 16(4): 643-652, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524601

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although the interaction between tumor immune microenvironment and angiogenesis has been well established, evidence supporting the chemo-free combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors plus antiangiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitors in treatment-naive patients with advanced NSCLC is insufficient. This report provides the efficacy and safety of sintilimab combined with anlotinib as first-line therapy for advanced NSCLC from a phase 1b trial (NCT03628521). METHODS: Eligible patients who were treatment-naive and had unresectable stage IIIB/C or IV NSCLC without EGFR/ALK/ROS1 mutations received sintilimab (200 mg, day 1) and anlotinib (12 mg, day 1-14) every 3 weeks till disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Baseline programmed death-ligand 1 expression and tumor mutation burden status was assessed in all patients. The primary end points were objective response rate and safety. RESULTS: A total of 22 patients received sintilimab and anlotinib. Median follow-up was 15.8 months (range: 8.3-19.3). Sixteen patients achieved confirmed partial response with an objective response rate of 72.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 49.8%-89.3%) and disease control rate of 100% (95% CI: 84.6%-100%). Median progression-free survival was 15 months (95% CI: 8.3 m, not reached), and the 12-month progression-free survival rate was 71.4% (95% CI: 47.2%-86.0%). The incidence rate of grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events was 54.5%, and grade 3 hypertension was predominant (two of 22, 9.1%). No grade 4 treatment-related adverse events were observed, and one case of grade 5 immune-related pneumonitis occurred. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that assessed an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 antibody combined with a multitarget antiangiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitor in the frontline setting for patients with NSCLC. In view of its encouraging efficacy, durability, and safety profile, sintilimab plus anlotinib represents a novel chemotherapy-free regimen in this patient population.

6.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531330

RESUMO

Monocular image-based 3-D model retrieval aims to search for relevant 3-D models from a dataset given one RGB image captured in the real world, which can significantly benefit several applications, such as self-service checkout, online shopping, etc. To help advance this promising yet challenging research topic, we built a novel dataset and organized the first international contest for monocular image-based 3-D model retrieval. Moreover, we conduct a thorough analysis of the state-of-the-art methods. Existing methods can be classified into supervised and unsupervised methods. The supervised methods can be analyzed based on several important aspects, such as the strategies of domain adaptation, view fusion, loss function, and similarity measure. The unsupervised methods focus on solving this problem with unlabeled data and domain adaptation. Seven popular metrics are employed to evaluate the performance, and accordingly, we provide a thorough analysis and guidance for future work. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first benchmark for monocular image-based 3-D model retrieval, which aims to help related research in multiview feature learning, domain adaptation, and information retrieval.

7.
J Bioenerg Biomembr ; 53(2): 169-176, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462751

RESUMO

MicroRNA-17 (miR-17) was reported to promote cell proliferation and migration of various types of cancers. However, the mechanism remains unclear. This present study was designed to explore the potential mechanism. Downregulation of miR-17 in CAL-27 cells was performed by transfecting anti-miR-27 plasmids. Xenograft tumor model was carried out to detect the effect of inhibition of microRNA-17 on tongue squamous carcinoma growth. MiR-17 inhibition promotes cisplatin-induced apoptosis via regulating the expression of apoptotic molecules. MiR-17 inhibition promotes cisplatin-induced autophagy of CAL-27 cells. Mechanically, miR-17 inhibition promotes apoptosis and autophagy through STAT3 signaling pathway. Xenograft tumor model showed that miR-17 inhibition attenuates tongue squamous carcinoma growth and promotes tongue squamous carcinoma cell apoptosis in vivo. MiR-17 inhibition enhances cisplatin-induced apoptosis of human tongue squamous carcinoma cell. Our study supplies the evidence that miR-17 may serve as the potential target for human tongue squamous carcinoma treatment.

8.
Faraday Discuss ; 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33290451

RESUMO

Atmospheric gas-to-particle conversion is a crucial or even dominant contributor to haze formation in Chinese megacities in terms of aerosol number, surface area and mass. Based on our comprehensive observations in Beijing during 15 January 2018-31 March 2019, we are able to show that 80-90% of the aerosol mass (PM2.5) was formed via atmospheric reactions during the haze days and over 65% of the number concentration of haze particles resulted from new particle formation (NPF). Furthermore, the haze formation was faster when the subsequent growth of newly formed particles was enhanced. Our findings suggest that in practice almost all present-day haze episodes originate from NPF, mainly since the direct emission of primary particles in Beijing has considerably decreased during recent years. We also show that reducing the subsequent growth rate of freshly formed particles by a factor of 3-5 would delay the buildup of haze episodes by 1-3 days. Actually, this delay would decrease the length of each haze episode, so that the number of annual haze days could be approximately halved. Such improvement in air quality can be achieved with targeted reduction of gas-phase precursors for NPF, mainly dimethyl amine and ammonia, and further reductions of SO2 emissions. Furthermore, reduction of anthropogenic organic and inorganic precursor emissions would slow down the growth rate of newly-formed particles and consequently reduce the haze formation.

9.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(12): e551, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33271108
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352886

RESUMO

This study explored how maternal and infant illness correlated with the risk of postpartum depression in the Chinese Qinba Mountains region. In total, 131 villages comprising 435 families with infants (≤6 months old) were randomly sampled. We collected data on maternal and infant illnesses and maternal health knowledge level. The Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 was used to measure the risk of postpartum depression. We used descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression for the analysis. Infant overall health status was a risk factor for postpartum depression (odds ratio (OR) = 1.90, 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI) = 1.10~3.28), whereas maternal overall health status was not correlated with postpartum depression (OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 0.55~3.39). For specific illnesses, infants experiencing over two common illnesses in the past two weeks (OR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.13~3.45) and mothers experiencing over two common pains within two weeks after delivery (OR = 1.77, 95% CI = 1.02~3.08) were risk factors for postpartum depression, whereas infants with mild and severe stunted growth, maternal C-section, and postpartum body mass index (normal or overweight) were not correlated with it (all p > 0.050). Maternal health knowledge was an important moderator of maternal and infant illnesses on the risk of postpartum depression. In conclusion, maternal and infant illness were essential factors for the risk of postpartum depression in a poor rural region in western China, which may be mainly affected by the feeling of uncertainty of illness. Improved maternal and infant health and enhanced maternal health knowledge might alleviate the risk of postpartum depression.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto , Saúde do Lactente/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mães , Período Pós-Parto , Fatores de Risco
11.
Inquiry ; 57: 46958020968776, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233981

RESUMO

Free trial is a widely used business strategy that takes advantage of information asymmetry. However, evidence on what we can learn and how rapidly we can learn from a free trial of health care is limited. This study evaluates the effect of a free trial of eyeglasses on children's 8 items of perception related to eyeglasses use. An evaluation was conducted alongside a cluster-randomized controlled trial involved 832 myopic children from northwest rural China. A total of 428 myopic children from 42 schools were randomized to receive free eyeglasses, and 404 myopic children from 42 schools were randomized as control group. We find that the perceived costs and benefits of eyeglasses use and the perceived timing of wearing eyeglasses at the appropriate time can be learned from a free trial of eyeglasses. Compared with the control group in the long run, 5.6 percentage points more children in treatment group agreed that wearing eyeglasses was attractive, 16.5 percentage points more children agreed that wearing eyeglasses is helpful to academic performance, and 7.9 percentage points more children agreed that children with vision problems should wear eyeglasses. Due to the effects of a free product and the time to learning from experience, the magnitude of the impact of a free trial changed over time. We also find that the indirect experience, such as a vision protection course, cannot change children' perceptions about the cost or benefits of eyeglasses use. The findings imply that children can learn significantly from the experience of a free trial of eyeglasses. A free trial is an effective strategy to solve the information asymmetry problem for health care. The first pair of eyeglasses of children can be one-off subsidized to trigger demand for eyeglasses use.

12.
Foods ; 9(11)2020 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202556

RESUMO

Healthy diets are necessary for both humans and animals, including poultry. These diets contain various nutrients for maintenance and production in laying hens. Therefore, research was undertaken to explore the efficiency of various dietary flaxseed sources on the n-3 deposition in the egg yolk and gene expression in laying hens. Five dietary groups were analyzed, i.e., (i) a corn-based diet with no flaxseed (FS) as a negative control (NC), (ii) a wheat-based diet supplemented with 10% whole FS without multi-carbohydrase enzymes (MCE) as a positive control (PC), (iii) ground FS supplemented with MCE (FS), (iv) extruded flaxseed meal was supplemented with MCE (EFM), (v) flaxseed oil supplemented with MCE (FSO). Results indicated that egg weight was highest in the NC, FS, EFM, and FSO groups as compared to PC in the 12th week. Egg mass was higher in enzyme supplemented groups as compared to the PC group, but lower than NC. In the 12th week, the HDEP (hen day egg production) was highest in the FS and EFM groups as compared to FSO, PC, and NC. The FCR (feed conversion ratio) was better in enzyme supplemented groups as compared to the PC group. Enzyme addition enhanced the egg quality as compared to PC in the 12th week. The HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) was increased, while LDL-C (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), VLDL-C (very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), TC (total cholesterol), and TG (total triglycerides) were reduced in the enzyme supplemented groups as compared to PC and NC. The FSO deposit more n-3 PUFA and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the egg yolk as compared to FS and EFM groups. The expression of ACOX1, LCPT1, FADS1, FADS2, and ELOV2 genes were upregulated, while PPAR-α was downregulated in the FSO group. The LPL mRNA expression was upregulated in the FS, EFM, and FSO groups as compared to the PC and NC groups. It was inferred that FSO with enzymes at 2.5% is cost-effective, improves the hen performances, upregulated the fatty acid metabolism and ß-oxidation genes expression, and efficiently deposits optimal n-3 PUFA in the egg as per consumer's demand.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168170

RESUMO

Flexible dielectric materials such as poly(vinylidene fluoride)-based nanocomposites with high energy density are employed for applications in modern electronic and electric systems. In this study, we improve traditional methods by optimizing the interfacial structure, achieving a 34% increase in energy density without reduced discharge efficiency. Herein, a simple solution-cast method is used to prepare poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) nanocomposites filled by γ-methacryloyl-propyltrimethoxysilane (MPMS) grafting barium titanate nanoparticles, forming a class of cross-linking networks by irradiation. More additional interfaces arising from irradiation cross-linking give rise to high discharge energy density, and the small crystalline domain and cross-linking network enhance the charge-discharge efficiency. Furthermore, we find two types of cross-linking centers on the network. One is more beneficial to energy density, and the other is more beneficial to efficiency. Regulating two types of cross-linking centers can balance efficiency and energy density. In summary, this work provides a promising strategy for exploiting advanced flexible dielectric materials to meet application requirements.

14.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(20): 1297, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209877

RESUMO

Background: To characterize the effects of mutation subtypes and concomitant pathogenic mutations on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 insertion (ex20ins) mutations treated with chemotherapy. Methods: We retrospectively found that patients who underwent genomic analysis from January 2017 to December 2019, and 101 patients with advanced EGFR ex20ins NSCLC were found. Binary logistic regression and Cox regression were used to determine how EGFR ex20ins mutation subtypes and concomitant mutations are associated with PFS and OS. Results: A total of 8,348 patients were screened and 101 advanced EGFR ex20ins NSCLC patients were detected. Fifty-five patients who received chemotherapy (n=49) or TKIs (n=6) as first-line treatment were recorded for PFS and OS. PFS and OS were significantly longer in the platinum-based chemotherapy group (median PFS: 7.6 versus 5.6 months; P=0.001; median OS: 19.9 versus 7.4 months; P=0.027) than in the TKI group. Common mutations include Ala767_Val769dupAlaSerVal (A767_V769dupASV), Ser768_Asp770dupSerValAsp (S768_D770dupSVD) and Ala763_Tyr764insPheGlnGluAla (A763_Y764insFQEA). On binary logistic regression, common mutations (OR =17.04, 95% CI: 1.39-209.56; P=0.027) and number of concomitant mutations ≤1 (OR =34.67, 95% CI: 2.02-595.48; P=0.015) is significantly associated with durable clinical benefit (DCB). On multivariable analysis, common mutations (HR =0.26, 95% CI: 0.0.10-0.63; P=0.003) and the number of concomitant mutations ≤1 (HR =0.33, 95% CI: 0.15-0.73; P=0.006) were significantly associated with longer PFS. Conclusions: Common mutations and the number of concomitant mutations ≤1 correlate with a biomarker that predicts benefit from chemotherapy and confers excellent prognosis for advanced patients with advanced EGFR ex20ins NSCLC. Patients with common mutations and with only one concomitant mutation had the greatest PFS and patients with uncommon mutations, and with over one concomitant mutation had the worst prognosis.

15.
Cell Res ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159153

RESUMO

Intracellular pH (pHi) homeostasis is crucial for cellular functions and signal transduction across all kingdoms of life. In particular, bacterial pHi homeostasis is important for physiology, ecology, and pathogenesis. Here we report an exquisite bacterial acid-resistance (AR) mechanism in which proton leak elicits a pre-emptive AR response. A single bacterial cell undergoes quantal electrochemical excitation, termed "BacFlash", which consists of membrane depolarization, transient pHi rise, and bursting production of reactive oxygen species. BacFlash ignition is dictated by acid stress in the form of proton leak across the plasma membrane and the rate of BacFlash occurrence is reversely correlated with the pHi buffering capacity. Through genome-wide screening, we further identify the ATP synthase Fo complex subunit a as the putative proton sensor for BacFlash biogenesis. Importantly, persistent BacFlash hyperactivity activates transcription of a panel of key AR genes and predisposes the cells to survive imminent extreme acid stress. These findings demonstrate a prototypical coupling between electrochemical excitation and nucleoid gene expression in prokaryotes.

16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4968, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009413

RESUMO

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly spread to become a worldwide emergency. Early identification of patients at risk of progression may facilitate more individually aligned treatment plans and optimized utilization of medical resource. Here we conducted a multicenter retrospective study involving patients with moderate COVID-19 pneumonia to investigate the utility of chest computed tomography (CT) and clinical characteristics to risk-stratify the patients. Our results show that CT severity score is associated with inflammatory levels and that older age, higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and CT severity score on admission are independent risk factors for short-term progression. The nomogram based on these risk factors shows good calibration and discrimination in the derivation and validation cohorts. These findings have implications for predicting the progression risk of COVID-19 pneumonia patients at the time of admission. CT examination may help risk-stratification and guide the timing of admission.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Coinfecção , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17084, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051480

RESUMO

In recent years, high energy density polymer capacitors have attracted a lot of scientific interest due to their potential applications in advanced power systems and electronic devices. Here, core-shell structured TiO2@SrTiO3@polydamine nanowires (TiO2@SrTiO3@PDA NWs) were synthesized via a combination of surface conversion reaction and in-situ polymerization method, and then incorporated into the poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) matrix. Our results showed that a small amount of TiO2@SrTiO3@PDA NWs can simultaneously enhance the breakdown strength and electric displacement of nanocomposite (NC) films, resulting in improved energy storage capability. The 5 wt% TiO2@SrTiO3@PDA NWs/PVDF NC demonstrates 1.72 times higher maximum discharge energy density compared to pristine PVDF (10.34 J/cm3 at 198 MV/m vs. 6.01 J/cm3 at 170 MV/m). In addition, the NC with 5 wt% TiO2@SrTiO3@PDA NWs also demonstrates an excellent charge-discharge efficiency (69% at 198 MV/m). Enhanced energy storage performance is due to hierarchical interfacial polarization among their multiple interfaces, the large aspect ratio as well as surface modification of the TiO2@SrTiO3 NWs. The results of this study provide guidelines and a foundation for the preparation of the polymer NCs with an outstanding discharge energy density.

19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 5027-5042, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764934

RESUMO

Background: Bactericidal capacity, durable inhibition of biofilm formation, and a three-dimensional (3D) porous structure are the emphases of infected bone defect (IBD) treatment via local scaffold implantation strategy. Purpose: In this study, silver nanoparticle (AgNP)-loaded nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA)@ reduced graphene oxide (RGO) 3D scaffolds (AHRG scaffolds) were designed to alleviate bone infection, inhibit biofilm formation, and promote bone repair through the synergistic effects of AgNPs, RGO, and nHA. Materials and Methods: AHRGs were prepared using a one-step preparation method, to create a 3D porous scaffold to facilitate a uniform distribution of AgNPs and nHA. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was used as a model-resistant bacterium, and the effects of different silver loadings on the antimicrobial activity and cytocompatibility of materials were evaluated. Finally, a rabbit IBD model was used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the AHRG scaffold in vivo. Results: The results showed successful synthesis of the AHRG scaffold. The ideal 3D porous structure was verified using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and selected area electron diffraction measurements revealed uniform distributions of AgNP and nHA. In vitro antibacterial and cytocompatibility indicated that the 4% AHRG scaffolds possessed the most favorable balance of bactericidal properties and cytocompatibility. In vivo evaluation of the IBD model showed promising treatment efficacy of AHRG scaffolds. Conclusion: The as-fabricated AHRG scaffolds effectively eliminated infection and inhibited biofilm formation. IBD repair was facilitated by the bactericidal properties and 3D porous structure of the AHRG scaffold, suggesting its potential in the treatment of IBDs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Doenças Ósseas Infecciosas/terapia , Grafite/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Substitutos Ósseos , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Durapatita/química , Feminino , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Porosidade , Coelhos , Ratos , Prata/química , Prata/farmacologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/terapia
20.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 5387-5394, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606756

RESUMO

Background and Objective: The first-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) have shown significant therapeutic effects on patients harboring sensitive EGFR mutations, while the mechanisms related to drug resistance have still remained elusive. This study aimed to indicate the relationship between the expression level of Wnt5a with therapeutic effects of first-generation EGFR-TKIs on lung adenocarcinoma patients harboring sensitive EGFR mutations. Methods: The medical records of 75 lung adenocarcinoma patients harboring sensitive EGFR mutations, who were admitted to our hospital and received first-generation EGFR-TKIs from June 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016, were analyzed. According to the efficacy of first-generation EGFR-TKIs, patients were divided into ineffective groups (progression-free survival (PFS) <5 months) and effective groups (PFS > 26 months). Immunofluorescence staining, immunohistochemical staining and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) methods were utilized to detect the expression level of Wnt5a in the two groups. Results: Among 75 patients, 36 patients were sensitive to first-generation EGFR-TKIs (effective group) and 39 patients were resistant to first-generation EGFR-TKIs (ineffective group). The location of Wnt5a was detected by immunofluorescence staining. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that the expression level of Wnt5a in the ineffective group was significantly higher than that in the effective group (P=0.0216). Besides, results of RT-PCR showed that the relative expression level of Wnt5a was remarkably higher in the ineffective group than that in the effective group (P=0.0135). Conclusion: The expression level of Wnt5a was found to be associated with therapeutic effects of first-generation EGFR-TKIs in lung adenocarcinoma patients harboring sensitive EGFR mutations.

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