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1.
Cancer Lett ; 524: 42-56, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582976

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has the highest fatality rate of any solid tumor, with a five-year survival rate of only 10% in the USA. PDAC is characterized by early metastasis. More than 50% of patients present with distant metastases at the time of diagnosis, and the majority of patients will develop metastasis within 4 years after tumor resection. Despite extensive studies, the molecular mechanisms underlying PDAC metastasis remain unclear. The polyoma enhancer activator protein (PEA3) subfamily was reported to play a vital role in the initiation and progression of multiple tumors. Herein, we found that ETS variant 4 (ETV4) was highly expressed in PDAC tissues and associated with poor survival. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that ETV4 expression was an independent prognostic factor for patient survival. Further experiments showed that ETV4 overexpression promoted PDAC invasion and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. For the first time, we demonstrated that, mechanistically, ETV4 increased CXCR5 expression by directly binding to the CXCR5 promoter region. Knockdown of CXCR5 significantly reversed ETV4-mediated PDAC migration and invasion, while CXCR5 overexpression exerted the opposite effects. Intriguingly, we found that CXCL13, a specific ligand of CXCR5, increased ETV4 expression and promoted PDAC invasion and metastasis by activating the ERK1/2 pathway. ETV4 knockdown significantly abrogated the enhanced migratory and invasive abilities induced by the CXCL13/CXCR5 axis. In addition, a CXCR5 neutralizing antibody disrupted the CXCL13/ETV4/CXCR5 positive feedback loop and inhibited cell migration and invasion. Overall, in this study, we demonstrated that ETV4 plays a vital role in PDAC metastasis and defined a novel CXCL13/ETV4/CXCR5 positive feedback loop. Targeting this pathway has implications for potential therapeutic strategies for PDAC treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Quimiocina CXCL13/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/genética , Receptores CXCR5/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transdução de Sinais/genética
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34889060

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)-induced changes in connectivity between regions involved with reward/antireward and cognitive control and the extent to which these changes persist after surgery and predict sustainable weight loss. METHODS: Whole-brain local functional connectivity density (lFCD) was studied in 25 participants with obesity who underwent resting-state functional MRI before (PreLSG), 1 month after (PostLSG1 ), and 12 months after (PostLSG12 ) LSG and compared with 25 normal-weight controls. Regions with significant time effects of LSG on functional connectivity density were identified for subsequent seed-based connectivity analyses and to examine associations with behavior. RESULTS: LSG significantly increased lFCD in the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus (MD) and in the habenula (Hb) at PostLSG12 compared with PreLSG/PostLSG1 , whereas it decreased lFCD in the posterior cingulate cortex/precuneus (PCC/PreCun) at PostLSG1 /PostLSG12 , and these changes were associated with reduction in BMI. In contrast, controls had no significant lFCD differences between baseline and repeated measures. MD had stronger connectivity with PreCun and Hb at PostLSG12 compared with PreLSG/PostLSG1 , and the increased MD-left PreCun and Hb-MD connectivity correlated with decreases in hunger and BMI, respectively. PCC/PreCun had stronger connectivity with the insula at PostLSG1-12 . CONCLUSIONS: The findings highlight the importance of reward and interoceptive regions as well as that of regions mediating negative emotions in the long-term therapeutic benefits of LSG.

3.
Gut ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori infection is mostly a family-based infectious disease. To facilitate its prevention and management, a national consensus meeting was held to review current evidence and propose strategies for population-wide and family-based H. pylori infection control and management to reduce the related disease burden. METHODS: Fifty-seven experts from 41 major universities and institutions in 20 provinces/regions of mainland China were invited to review evidence and modify statements using Delphi process and grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation system. The consensus level was defined as ≥80% for agreement on the proposed statements. RESULTS: Experts discussed and modified the original 23 statements on family-based H. pylori infection transmission, control and management, and reached consensus on 16 statements. The final report consists of three parts: (1) H. pylori infection and transmission among family members, (2) prevention and management of H. pylori infection in children and elderly people within households, and (3) strategies for prevention and management of H. pylori infection for family members. In addition to the 'test-and-treat' and 'screen-and-treat' strategies, this consensus also introduced a novel third 'family-based H. pylori infection control and management' strategy to prevent its intrafamilial transmission and development of related diseases. CONCLUSION: H. pylori is transmissible from person to person, and among family members. A family-based H. pylori prevention and eradication strategy would be a suitable approach to prevent its intra-familial transmission and related diseases. The notion and practice would be beneficial not only for Chinese residents but also valuable as a reference for other highly infected areas.

4.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846842

RESUMO

Protein O-GlcNAcylation has been implicated in a broad range of cellular processes, while the functional research is still lagging behind other post-translational modification (PTMs), as a result of the low stoichiometry and limited enrichment efficiency. Herein, a strategy, named CHO-GlcNAc, was developed for O-GlcNAc glycopeptide enrichment. In this strategy, the O-GlcNAc glycopeptides were first enzymatically labeled with a Gal moiety, followed by chemical oxidation to efficiently introduce the aldehyde groups. The labeled O-GlcNAc glycopeptides could be efficiently enriched based on the equilibrium between the hydrazine and oxime bonds. Good specificity of the glycopeptide enrichment was observed from the mixtures of glycopeptide and non-glycopeptides using the CHO-GlcNAc method. Then, it was applied to analyze O-GlcNAcylation in the nucleus of HeLa cells, and 829 potential O-GlcNAcylation sites on 274 glycoproteins were identified, including the two readers of m6A (YTHDF1 and YTHDF3), which could provide clues for the mechanism of crosstalk between O-GlcNAcylation and other PTMs of proteins and RNA. Thus, this method could be a versatile tool for the proteomic analysis of O-GlcNAcylation.

5.
FEBS Lett ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817071

RESUMO

The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) increases with aging. However, the mechanism of aging-related NAFLD remains unclear. Herein, we constructed an aging-related hepatic steatosis model and analyzed the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in livers from young and old mice using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Five hundred and eighty-eight aging-related DEPs and novel pathways were identified. Aminoacyl tRNA synthetase complex-interacting multifunctional protein 2 (AIMP2), the most significantly upregulated protein, promoted poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) activation in aging-related hepatic steatosis. Additionally, mice liver-specific O-GlcNAcase knockout promoted AIMP2 and PARP1 expression. O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) overexpression and O-GlcNAcase inhibition by genetic or pharmaceutical manipulations increased AIMP2 and PARP1 levels in vitro. Mechanistically, O-GlcNAcylation increased AIMP2 protein stability, leading to its aggregation. Our study reveals O-GlcNAcylated AIMP2 as a novel pathogenic regulator of aging-related hepatic steatosis.

6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(22)2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34830864

RESUMO

Metastasis contributes to the poor prognosis of colorectal cancer, the causative factor of which is not fully understood. Previously, we found that miR-125b (Accession number: MIMAT0000423) contributed to cetuximab resistance in colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we identified a novel mechanism by which miR-125b enhances metastasis by targeting cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and the tight junction-associated adaptor cingulin (CGN) in CRC. We found that miR-125b expression was upregulated in primary CRC tumors and metastatic sites compared with adjacent normal tissues. Overexpression of miR-125b in CRC cells enhanced migration capacity, while knockdown of miR-125b decreased migration and invasion. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and dual-luciferase reporter assays identified CFTR and CGN as the target genes of miR-125b, and the inhibitory impact of CFTR and CGN on metastasis was further verified both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we found that miR-125b facilitated the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process and the expression and secretion of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) by targeting CFTR and enhanced the Ras Homolog Family Member A (RhoA)/Rho Kinase (ROCK) pathway activity by targeting CGN. Together, these findings suggest miR-125b as a key functional molecule in CRC and a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of CRC.

7.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(14): 3837-3849, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671202

RESUMO

Following dramatic success in many types of advanced solid tumors, interest in immunotherapy for the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasingly growing. Given the compelling long-term durable remission, two programmed cell death 1 (PD-1)-blocking antibodies, pembrolizumab and nivolumab (with or without Ipilimumab), have been approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) that is mismatch-repair-deficient and microsatellite instability-high (dMMR-MSI-H). Practice-changing results of several randomized controlled trials to move immunotherapy into the first-line treatment for MSI-H metastasis cancer and earlier stage were reported successively in the past 2 years. Besides, new intriguing advances to expand the efficacy of immunotherapy to mCRC that is mismatch-repair-proficient and low microsatellite instability (pMMR-MSI-L) demonstrated the potential benefits for the vast majority of mCRC cases. Great attention is also paid to the advances in cancer vaccines and adoptive cell therapy (ACT). In this review, we summarize the above progresses, and also highlight the current predictive biomarkers of responsiveness in immunotherapy with broad clinical utility.

8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 750376, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660313

RESUMO

Purpose: To synthesize the dimer of GX1 and identify whether its affinity and targeting are better than those of GX1. To prepare 68Ga-DOTA-KEK-(GX1)2 and to apply it to PET and Cerenkov imaging of gastric cancer. Methods: 68Ga-DOTA-KEK-(GX1)2 was prepared, and the labeling yield and stability were determined. Its specificity and affinity were verified using an in vitro cell binding assay and competitive inhibition test, cell immunofluorescence, and cell uptake and efflux study. Its tumor-targeting ability was determined by nano PET/CT and Cerenkov imaging, standardized uptake value (SUV), signal-to-background ratio (SBR) quantification, and a biodistribution study in tumor-bearing nude mice. Results: 68Ga-DOTA-KEK-(GX1)2 was successfully prepared, and the labeling yield was more than 97%. It existed stably for 90 min in serum. The binding of 68Ga-DOTA-KEK-(GX1)2 to cocultured HUVECs (Co-HUVECs) was higher than that to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), BGC823 cells, and GES cells. It was also higher than that of 68Ga-DOTA-GX1, indicating that the dimer did improve the specificity and affinity of GX1. The binding of KEK-(GX1)2 to Co-HUVECs was significantly higher than that of GX1. Additionally, the uptake of 68Ga-DOTA-KEK-(GX1)2 by Co-HUVECs was higher than that of 68Ga-DOTA-GX1 and reached a maximum at 60 min. Nano PET/CT and Cerenkov imaging showed that the tumor imaging of the nude mice injected with 68Ga-DOTA-KEK-(GX1)2 was clear, and the SUV and SBR value of the tumor sites were significantly higher than those of the nude mice injected with 68Ga-DOTA-GX1, indicating that the probe had better targeting in vivo. Finally, the biodistribution showed quantitatively that when organs such as the kidney and liver metabolized rapidly, the radioactivity of the tumor site of the nude mice injected with 68Ga-DOTA-KEK-(GX1)2 decreased relatively slowly. At the same time, the percentage of injected dose per gram (%ID/g) of the tumor site was higher than that of other normal organs except the liver and kidney at 60 min, which indicated that the tumor had good absorption of the probe. Conclusion: GX1 was modified successfully, and the in vivo and in vitro properties of the GX1 dimer were significantly better than those of GX1. The imaging probe, 68Ga-DOTA-KEK-(GX1)2, was successfully prepared, which provides a candidate probe for PET and Cerenkov diagnosis of gastric cancer.

9.
Cereb Cortex ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649270

RESUMO

Individuals with obesity (OB) prefer immediate rewards of food intake over the delayed reward of healthy well-being achieved through diet management and physical activity, compared with normal-weight controls (NW). This may reflect heightened impulsivity, an important factor contributing to the development and maintenance of obesity. However, the neural mechanisms underlying the greater impulsivity in OB remain unclear. Therefore, the current study employed functional magnetic resonance imaging with a delay discounting (DD) task to examine the association between impulsive choice and altered neural mechanisms in OB. During decision-making in the DD task, OB compared with NW had greater activation in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and posterior parietal cortex, which was associated with greater discounting rate and weaker cognitive control as measured with the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ). In addition, the association between DLPFC activation and cognitive control (TFEQ) was mediated by discounting rate. Psychophysiological interaction analysis showed decreased connectivity of DLPFC-inferior parietal cortex (within executive control network [ECN]) and angular gyrus-caudate (ECN-reward) in OB relative to NW. These findings reveal that the aberrant function and connectivity in core regions of ECN and striatal brain reward regions underpin the greater impulsivity in OB and contribute to abnormal eating behaviors.

10.
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) ; 53(9): 1216-1226, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363072

RESUMO

Glycosylation is a common posttranslational modification of proteins, which plays a role in the malignant transformation, growth, progression, chemoresistance, and immune response of tumors. Disulfide isomerase family A3 (PDIA3) specifically acts on newly synthesized glycoproteins to promote the correct folding of sugar chains. Studies have shown that PDIA3 participates in multidrug-resistant gastric cancer (MDR-GC). In this study, we performed western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry to identify PDIA3 expression. Cell proliferation was assessed by CCK-8 assay. Transwell assays were used to detect the migration and invasion abilities of cells. Immunoprecipitation coupled to mass spectrometry (IP-MS) analysis was employed to identify PDIA3-interacting proteins and the associated pathways in MDR-GC cells. Glycoprotein interactions and translocation were detected by immunofluorescence assay. The results showed that PDIA3 knockdown significantly inhibited the proliferation, invasion, and migration abilities of MDR-GC cells. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis of the IP-MS results showed that PDIA3 was closely associated with focal adhesion pathways in MDR-GC cells. Additionally, important components of focal adhesion pathways, including fibronectin-1 (FN1) and integrin α5 (ITGA5), were identified as pivotal PDIA3-binding glycoproteins. Knockdown of PDIA3 altered the cellular locations of FN1 and ITGA5, leading to abnormal accumulation. In conclusion, our results suggest that knockdown of PDIA3 inhibited the malignant behaviors of MDR-GC cells and influenced the translocation of FN1 and ITGA5.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Retículo Endoplasmático/enzimologia , Inativação Gênica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Isomerases de Dissulfetos de Proteínas/biossíntese , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Retículo Endoplasmático/patologia , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Isomerases de Dissulfetos de Proteínas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 687524, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409031

RESUMO

Autophagy is closely related to the growth and drug resistance of cancer cells, and autophagy related 4B (ATG4B) performs a crucial role in the process of autophagy. The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed (CRNDE) promotes the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but it is unclear whether the tumor-promoting effect of CRNDE is associated with the regulation of ATG4B and autophagy. Herein, we for the first time demonstrated that CRNDE triggered autophagy via upregulating ATG4B in HCC cells. Mechanistically, CRNDE enhanced the stability of ATG4B mRNA by sequestrating miR-543, leading to the elevation of ATG4B and autophagy in HCC cells. Moreover, sorafenib induced CRNDE and ATG4B as well as autophagy in HCC cells. Knockdown of CRNDE sensitized HCC cells to sorafenib in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, these results reveal that CRNDE drives ATG4B-mediated autophagy, which attenuates the sensitivity of sorafenib in HCC cells, suggesting that the pathway CRNDE/ATG4B/autophagy may be a novel target to develop sensitizing measures of sorafenib in HCC treatment.

12.
Front Oncol ; 11: 669575, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295813

RESUMO

Background: This trial aims to explore the feasibility and safety of postoperative radiotherapy covering all regional lymph node areas for locally advanced thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Methods: This was a single-center single-arm, phase II clinical trial initiated in 2014. Patients who were treated with radical transthoracic resection and had negative margins within 3 months and histologically confirmed esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (pT3-4 or N+, M0 determined by the 7th edition of the AJCC guidelines) were recruited in this trial. Postoperative radiotherapy was performed with a total dose of 40 Gy in 20 fractions using IMRT. Clinical target volumes (CTVs) included the tumor bed, anastomosis, bilateral supraclavicular region, mediastinal lymph nodes, left gastric lymph nodes and celiac trunk lymph nodes. The primary endpoint was the 2-year local control rate, and the secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and adverse events (AEs). Results: A total of 70 eligible patients were recruited from 2014 to 2016. The 2-year local control rate, as the primary endpoint, was 67.3%. In addition, the median OS was 57.0 months, with 1-year and 3-year OS rates of 92.8% and 60.9%, respectively. Among the patients, 28/40 (40%) developed locoregional recurrence, with 25.7% involving hematogenous recurrences. All reported AEs occurred during the course of IMRT or within 6 months thereafter. None of them suffered grade 4 hematological or nonhematological AEs. Nearly all patients completed the entire course of postoperative radiotherapy, with a completion rate of 97.1%. Conclusion: For an extensive target volume, 40 Gy is feasible and shows acceptable toxicity in patients with locally advanced thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, although the local recurrence rate is relatively high. Our findings provide a basis for further exploration of high-dose radiation with extensive CTV combined with chemotherapy. Clinical Trial Registration: [http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?cond=&term=NCT02384811&cntry=&state=&city=&dist=], identifier [NCT02384811].

13.
Cereb Cortex ; 31(12): 5676-5685, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240115

RESUMO

Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have showed obesity (OB)-related alterations in intrinsic functional connectivity (FC) within and between different resting-state networks (RSNs). However, few studies have examined dynamic functional connectivity (DFC). Thus, we employed resting-state fMRI with independent component analysis (ICA) and DFC analysis to investigate the alterations in FC within and between RSNs in 56 individuals with OB and 46 normal-weight (NW) controls. ICA identified six RSNs, including basal ganglia (BG), salience network (SN), right executive control network/left executive control network, and anterior default-mode network (aDMN)/posterior default-mode network. The DFC analysis identified four FC states. OB compared with NW had more occurrences and a longer mean dwell time (MDT) in state 2 (positive connectivity of BG with other RSN) and also had higher FC of BG-SN in other states. Body mass index was positively correlated with MDT and FCs of BG-aDMN (state 2) and BG-SN (state 4). DFC analysis within more refined nodes of RSNs showed that OB had more occurrences and a longer MDT in state 1 in which caudate had positive connections with the other network nodes. The findings suggest an association between caudate-related and BG-related positive FC in OB, which was not revealed by traditional FC analysis, highlighting the utility of adding DFC to the more conventional methods.

14.
Sci China Life Sci ; 64(8): 1199-1211, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258712

RESUMO

While precision medicine driven by genome sequencing has revolutionized cancer care, such as lung cancer, its impact on gastric cancer (GC) has been minimal. GC patients are routinely treated with chemotherapy, but only a fraction of them receive the clinical benefit. There is an urgent need to develop biomarkers or algorithms to select chemo-sensitive patients or apply targeted therapy. Here, we carried out retrospective analyses of 1,020 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded GC surgical resection samples from 5 hospitals and developed a mass spectrometry-based workflow for proteomic subtyping of GC. We identified two proteomic subtypes: the chemo-sensitive group (CSG) and the chemo-insensitive group (CIG) in the discovery set. The 5-year overall survival of CSG was significantly improved in patients who had received adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery compared with those who received surgery only (64.2% vs. 49.6%; Cox P-value=0.002), whereas no such improvement was observed in CIG (50.0% vs. 58.6%; Cox P-value=0.495). We validated these results in an independent validation set. Further, differential proteome analysis uncovered 9 FDA-approved drugs that may be applicable for targeted therapy of GC. A prospective study is warranted to test these findings for future GC patient care.

15.
Cancer Lett ; 517: 14-23, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098062

RESUMO

The Bcl-2 homolog Bcl-xL is emerging as a key factor in tumorigenesis due to its prominent pro-survival and cell death-independent functions. However, the regulation of Bcl-xL by microenvironment and its implication in cancer therapy of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) are unclear. Here, we demonstrated that Bcl-xL expression was positively associated with protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) in CRC. Activation of PAR2 stabilized Bcl-xL protein in a proteasome-dependent manner, whereas E3 ligase RING finger protein 152 (RNF152) accelerated the ubiquitination and degradation of Bcl-xL. RNF152 silencing by specific siRNAs rescued the expression of Bcl-xL in PAR2-deficient cells. Moreover, RNF152 physically interacted with Bcl-xL, which was disturbed by PAR2 activation. Further studies with serial mutation of Bcl-xL revealed that phosphorylation of Bcl-xL at S145 reduced its binding affinity for RNF152 and stabilized Bcl-xL. Importantly, inhibition of PAR2 signaling by its gene silencing or specific chemical inhibitors increased apoptosis induced by different EGFR-targeted therapies. In patient-derived xenograft model, inhibition of PAR2 increased the response of CRC to different EGFR-targeted therapies. These results indicate that PAR2 stabilizes Bcl-xL by altering RNF152 signaling and that PAR2 inhibition sensitizes CRC to EGFR-targeted therapies in vivo.

16.
Psychosom Med ; 83(7): 707-714, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Functional constipation (FC) is a common gastrointestinal disorder. Anxiety and/or depressive disorders are common in patients with FC (FCAD). Brain dysfunction may play a role in FC, but the contribution of comorbid anxiety and/or depression in patients with FC is poorly understood. METHODS: Sixty-five FC patients and 42 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited, and a hierarchical clustering algorithm was used to classify FC patients into FCAD and patients without anxiety/depressive status (FCNAD) based on neuropsychological assessment. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging measures including fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) and functional connectivity were used to investigate brain functional differences. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients were classified as FCAD, and 28 patients were classified as FCNAD; as compared with HC, both groups showed decreased activity (fALFF) in the perigenual anterior cingulate cortex (pACC), dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC), and precuneus; enhanced precentral gyrus-thalamus connectivity and attenuated precuneus-thalamus connectivity in FCAD/FCNAD highlighted the thalamus as a critical connectivity node in the brain network (pFWE < .05). In comparison with FCNAD/HC, the FCAD group also had decreased fALFF in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and thalamus, and increased OFC-hippocampus connectivity. In the FCNAD group, brain activities (pACC/DMPFC) and connection (precuneus-thalamus) had correlations only with symptoms; in the FCAD group, brain activities (OFC, pACC/DMPFC) and connectivities (OFC-hippocampus/precentral gyrus-thalamus) showed correlations with both constipation symptoms and anxiety/depressive status ratings. Mediation analysis indicated that the relationship between abdominal distension and OFC activity was completely mediated by anxiety in FCAD. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence of differences in brain activity and functional connectivity between FCAD and FCNAD, potentially providing important clues for improving treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Transtorno Depressivo , Ansiedade/diagnóstico por imagem , Nível de Alerta , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Constipação Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Tálamo/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 40(1): 170, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pseudouridine synthase (PUS) 7 is a member of the PUS family that catalyses pseudouridine formation. It has been shown to be involved in intellectual development and haematological malignancies. Nevertheless, the role and the underlying molecular mechanisms of PUS7 in solid tumours, such as colorectal cancer (CRC), remain unexplored. This study elucidated, for the first time, the role of PUS7 in CRC cell metastasis and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We conducted immunohistochemistry, qPCR, and western blotting to quantify the expression of PUS7 in CRC tissues as well as cell lines. Besides, diverse in vivo and in vitro functional tests were employed to establish the function of PUS7 in CRC. RNA-seq and proteome profiling analysis were also applied to identify the targets of PUS7. PUS7-interacting proteins were further uncovered using immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Overexpression of PUS7 was observed in CRC tissues and was linked to advanced clinical stages and shorter overall survival. PUS7 silencing effectively repressed CRC cell metastasis, while its upregulation promoted metastasis, independently of the PUS7 catalytic activity. LASP1 was identified as a downstream effector of PUS7. Forced LASP1 expression abolished the metastasis suppression triggered by PUS7 silencing. Furthermore, HSP90 was identified as a client protein of PUS7, associated with the increased PUS7 abundance in CRC. NMS-E973, a specific HSP90 inhibitor, also showed higher anti-metastatic activity when combined with PUS7 repression. Importantly, in line with these results, in human CRC tissues, the expression of PUS7 was positively linked to the expression of HSP90 and LASP1, and patients co-expressing HSP90/PUS7/LASP1 showed a worse prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: The HSP90-dependent PUS7 upregulation promotes CRC cell metastasis via the regulation of LASP1. Thus, targeting the HSP90/PUS7/LASP1 axis may be a novel approach for the treatment of CRC.

19.
Front Oncol ; 11: 634579, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33869020

RESUMO

The dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and transcription factors (TFs) is closely related to the development and progression of drug resistance in cancer chemotherapy. However, their regulatory interactions in the multidrug resistance (MDR) of gastric cancer (GC) has largely remained unknown. In this study, we report a novel oncogenic role of lncRNA FENDRR in conferring MDR in GC by coordinated regulation of FOXC2 expression at the transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels. In vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that downregulation of FENDRR expression remarkably decreased drug resistant ability of GC MDR cells while upregulation of FENDRR expression produced the opposite effect. FENDRR overexpression was observed in MDR GC cell lines, patient-derived xenografts, and clinical samples. And the high levels of FENDRR expression were correlated with poor prognosis in GC patients. Regarding the mechanism, FENDRR was revealed to increase proto-oncogene FOXC2 transcription by performing an enhancer-like role in the nucleus and by sponging miR-4700-3p in the cytoplasm. Both FOXC2 and miR-4700-3p were shown to be functionally involved in the FENDRR-induced chemoresistance. In addition, there is a positive correlation between FENDRR and FOXC2 expression in clinic and the overexpressed FOXC2 indicated a poor prognosis in GC patients. Collectively, our findings provide a new perspective for the lncRNA-TF regulatory interaction involved in MDR, suggesting that targeting the FENDRR/FOXC2 axis may be an effective approach to circumvent GC chemoresistance.

20.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 110(5): 1396-1406, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677048

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of involved-field irradiation in definitive chemoradiation therapy for locoregional esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patterns in recurrence and elective nodal failure were analyzed in patients from the previously published ESO-Shanghai 1 trial, who received definitive chemoradiation therapy with involved-field irradiation to 61.2 Gy in 34 fractions using intensity modulated radiation therapy planning. Nodal regions were delineated using the lymph node map from the sixth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system. Elective nodal failure was defined as recurrence in the regional nodal area outside the planning target volume. Extensive elective nodal failure, defined as an extensive nodal area regardless of tumor location, was calculated for additional analysis. The incidental (ie, mean) irradiation dose of each node and each region was evaluated. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 48.7 months among survivors, the 3-year actuarial rate for overall survival was 53.6%, and the median overall survival was 44.8 months (95% confidence interval, 34.6-55.0). Of the 436 patients included in this study, 258 patients (59.2%) experienced treatment failure. Elective nodal failure was experienced by 37 patients (8.5%), 7 (1.6%) of whom encountered nodal-only failure. The 3-year actuarial rates of elective nodal control and elective nodal-only control were 89.7% and 97.9%, respectively. The median incidental dose of these nodes was 33.2 Gy (interquartile range [IQR], 1.3-50.7 Gy). The median distance of each node to the planning target volume was 1.4 cm (IQR, 0.6-4.9 cm). Extensive elective nodal failure was experienced by 51 patients (11.6%), and 20 (4.6%) patients had nodal-only failure. The 3-year extensive elective nodal control and extensive elective nodal control-only rates were 86.0% and 94.3%, respectively. The median incidental dose of these nodes was 23.2 Gy (IQR, 1.1-53.5 Gy). The median distance of each node to the planning target volume was 2.0 cm (IQR, 0.6-5.5 cm). CONCLUSION: Involved-field irradiation can achieve a low rate of isolated nodal failure and a satisfactory survival outcome. The use of elective nodal irradiation may be unnecessary in definitive chemoradiation therapy for the treatment of locoregional esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/terapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Idoso , China , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Intervalos de Confiança , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Esquema de Medicação , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/radioterapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Irradiação Linfática , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento
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