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1.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0267087, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35482733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An early return to normal intake and early mobilization enhances postoperative recovery. However, one out of six surgical patients is undernourished during hospitalization and approximately half of the patients eat 50% or less of the food provided to them. We assessed the use of newly introduced breakfast buffets in two wards for gastrointestinal and oncological surgery and determined the impact on postoperative protein and energy intake. METHODS: A prospective pilot cohort study was conducted to assess the impact of the introduction of breakfast buffets in two surgical wards. Adult patients had the opportunity to choose between an attractive breakfast buffet and regular bedside breakfast service. Primary outcomes were protein and energy intake during breakfast. We asked patients to report the type of breakfast service and breakfast intake in a diary over a seven-day period. Prognostic factors were used during multivariable regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 77 patients were included. The median percentage of buffet use per patient during the seven-day study period was 50% (IQR 0-83). Mean protein intake was 14.7 g (SD 8.4) and mean energy intake 332.3 kcal (SD 156.9). Predictors for higher protein intake included the use of the breakfast buffet (ß = 0.06, p = 0.01) and patient weight (ß = 0.13, p = 0.01). Both use of the breakfast buffet (ß = 1.00, p = 0.02) and Delirium Observation Scale scores (ß = -246.29, p = 0.02) were related to higher energy intake. CONCLUSION: Introduction of a breakfast buffet on a surgical ward was associated with higher protein and energy intake and it could be a promising approach to optimizing such intake in surgical patients. Large, prospective and preferably randomized studies should confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Desjejum , Ingestão de Alimentos , Adulto , Ingestão de Energia , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos
2.
Eur J Cancer ; 167: 103-111, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421702

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological discrepancies exist between rare and common cancers. The aim of this population-based study was to compare rare versus common adult solid cancers in the Netherlands, by providing incidence, prevalence and survival rates, evaluating trends in survival and comparing individual entities within domains and families. METHODS: All adult patients with malignant solid cancers in the Netherlands between 1995 and 2019 were identified from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Data on patient, tumour and treatment characteristics were collected, and relative survival and survival trends were analysed. RESULTS: A total of 170,628 patients with rare adult solid cancers and 806,023 patients with common adult solid cancers were included. Rare cancers accounted for 18% of all cancer diagnoses (mean incidence), and 15% of the total ten-year cancer prevalence during 2010-2019. Overall 5-year survival was worse for rare cancers than for common cancers (52.0% versus 68.7%). Between 1995-1999 and 2015-2019, 5-year survival rates for rare cancers increased to a lesser extent (from 46.2% to 52.6%, i.e. 6.4%) than for common cancers (56.9%-70.1%, i.e. 13.2%), and for most rare cancer domains compared to common cancer domains. The majority of rare cancer entities did not show an improvement in 5-year survival. Differences for individual entities between domains and families were found. CONCLUSION: Differences in survival between rare and common cancers indicate major challenges for rare cancer care and emphasise that improvement is highly needed. Observed inequalities need to be overcome by investing in early diagnosis, novel therapies, scientific research and in establishing centres of expertise.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Adulto , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(6)2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35326518

RESUMO

We aimed to develop a disease-specific adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaire (ACC-QOL) and assess HRQoL in a population-based cohort of patients with ACC. Development was in line with European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) guidelines, though not an EORTC product. In phase I and II, we identified 90 potential HRQoL issues using literature and focus groups, which were reduced to 39 by healthcare professionals. Pilot testing resulted in 28 questions, to be used alongside the EORTC QLQ-C30. In Phase III, 100 patients with ACC were asked to complete the questionnaires twice in the PROFILES registry (3-month interval, respondents: first 67, second 51). Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated the structural validity of 26 questions with their scale structure (mitotane side-effects, hypercortisolism/hydrocortisone effects, emotional effects). Internal consistency and reliability were good (Cronbach's alpha 0.897, Interclass correlation coefficient 0.860). Responsiveness analysis showed good discriminative ability (AUC 0.788). Patients diagnosed more than 5 years ago reported a good HRQoL compared with the Dutch reference population, but experienced residual fatigue and emotional problems. Patients who underwent recent treatment reported a lower HRQoL and problems in several domains. In conclusion, we developed an ACC-specific HRQoL questionnaire with good psychometric properties.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35230492

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with 177Lu-DOTATATE induces objective response in up to 57% of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (panNENs). Therefore, PRRT may comprise a downstaging option for panNEN patients who are not eligible for upfront curative surgery or are at high risk for recurrence. The aim of this study was to assess the potency of induction PRRT for locally advanced panNENs and to evaluate the effect of surgery after PRRT on overall survival (OS). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of panNEN patients treated with induction 177Lu-DOTATATE. RESULTS: After PRRT, 26 out of 49 patients underwent pancreatic surgery with curative intent (PRRT + surgery). Partial objective response was obtained in 62% of the PRRT + surgery group versus 26% of the patients not undergoing panNEN surgery (PRRT-only group, p = 0.02). Downstaging in tumour-vessel interface was observed in 38% of all patients with at least one involved vessel. Median OS was 14.7 years (95% CI 5.9-23.6) for the PRRT + surgery group compared to 5.5 years (95% CI 4.5-6.5) for the PRRT-only group (p = 0.003). In the Cox proportional hazards analysis, surgery was not significantly associated with OS after propensity score adjustment with cumulative activity, performance status, tumour size after PRRT, and tumour grade. Median progression-free survival was 5.3 years (95% CI 2.4-8.1) for the PRRT + surgery group and 3.0 years (95% CI 1.6-4.4) for the PRRT-only group (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Early administration of PRRT followed by surgery is associated with favourable long-term outcomes in patients with locally advanced or oligometastatic panNEN and can be considered for selected patients with vascular involvement and/or increased risk of recurrence.

5.
Endoscopy ; 54(4): 412-429, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35180797

RESUMO

1: ESGE recommends endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) as the best tool to characterize subepithelial lesion (SEL) features (size, location, originating layer, echogenicity, shape), but EUS alone is not able to distinguish among all types of SEL.Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence. 2: ESGE suggests providing tissue diagnosis for all SELs with features suggestive of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) if they are of size > 20 mm, or have high risk stigmata, or require surgical resection or oncological treatment.Weak recommendation, very low quality evidence. 3: ESGE recommends EUS-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) or mucosal incision-assisted biopsy (MIAB) equally for tissue diagnosis of SELs ≥ 20 mm in size.Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence. 4: ESGE recommends against surveillance of asymptomatic gastrointestinal (GI) tract leiomyomas, lipomas, heterotopic pancreas, granular cell tumors, schwannomas, and glomus tumors, if the diagnosis is clear.Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence. 5: ESGE suggests surveillance of asymptomatic esophageal and gastric SELs without definite diagnosis, with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) at 3-6 months, and then at 2-3-year intervals for lesions < 10 mm in size, and at 1-2-year intervals for lesions 10-20 mm in size. For asymptomatic SELs > 20 mm in size that are not resected, ESGE suggests surveillance with EGD plus EUS at 6 months and then at 6-12-month intervals.Weak recommendation, very low quality evidence. 6: ESGE recommends endoscopic resection for type 1 gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms (g-NENs) if they grow larger than 10 mm. The choice of resection technique should depend on size, depth of invasion, and location in the stomach.Strong recommendation, low quality evidence. 7: ESGE suggests considering removal of histologically proven gastric GISTs smaller than 20 mm as an alternative to surveillance. The decision to resect should be discussed in a multidisciplinary meeting. The choice of technique should depend on size, location, and local expertise.Weak recommendation, very low quality evidence. 8: ESGE suggests that, to avoid unnecessary follow-up, endoscopic resection is an option for gastric SELs smaller than 20 mm and of unknown histology after failure of attempts to obtain diagnosis.Weak recommendation, very low quality evidence. 9: ESGE recommends basing the surveillance strategy on the type and completeness of resection. After curative resection of benign SELs no follow-up is advised, except for type 1 gastric NEN for which surveillance at 1-2 years is advised.Strong recommendation, low quality evidence. 10: For lower or upper GI NEN with a positive or indeterminate margin at resection, ESGE recommends repeating endoscopy at 3-6 months and another attempt at endoscopic resection in the case of residual disease.Strong recommendation, low quality evidence.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Trato Gastrointestinal Superior , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Endossonografia , Humanos
6.
J Neuroendocrinol ; 34(3): e13100, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35165954

RESUMO

In recent years the WHO classification of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) has evolved. Nomenclature as well as thresholds for grading have changed leading to potential confusion and lack of comparability of tumour reports. Therefore, the European Neuroendocrine Tumour Society (ENETS) has set-up an interdisciplinary working group to develop templates for a pathology data set for standardised reporting of NEN. Experts of various disciplines, members of the ENETS Advisory Board, formed a taskforce that discussed and decided on the structure, content and the number of templates needed for reporting the most common NEN. The selection of the required items was based on the WHO classification of digestive system tumours, the WHO classification of tumours of the lung and mediastinum and on "ENETS standard of care" reports. The final proposal of the working group was approved by the ENETS Advisory Board. Templates for synoptic reporting were created for the seven most common NEN primary sites, that is, stomach, duodenum, jejunum-ileum, appendix, colon-rectum, pancreas, lung and mediastinum. In addition, a general template for reporting biopsies was designed. The templates allow the recording of the essential items on differentiation, proliferation (Ki-67 and mitosis), neuroendocrine features (positivity for chromogranin A and synaptophysin) and stage as well as several optional markers especially helpful for the distinction of neuroendocrine tumours (NET) from neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC). In summary, this paper presents the content and development of synoptic reports for most sites of NEN by a multidisciplinary team of international experts in the field, which could help to improve unambiguous reporting of NEN.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Humanos , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Sistemas Neurossecretores
7.
Gut ; 71(5): 961-973, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have found aristaless-related homeobox gene (ARX)/pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX1), alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation X-linked (ATRX)/death domain-associated protein (DAXX) and alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) to be promising prognostic biomarkers for non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NF-PanNETs). However, they have not been comprehensively evaluated, especially among small NF-PanNETs (≤2.0 cm). Moreover, their status in neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) from other sites remains unknown. DESIGN: An international cohort of 1322 NETs was evaluated by immunolabelling for ARX/PDX1 and ATRX/DAXX, and telomere-specific fluorescence in situ hybridisation for ALT. This cohort included 561 primary NF-PanNETs, 107 NF-PanNET metastases and 654 primary, non-pancreatic non-functional NETs and NET metastases. The results were correlated with numerous clinicopathological features including relapse-free survival (RFS). RESULTS: ATRX/DAXX loss and ALT were associated with several adverse prognostic findings and distant metastasis/recurrence (p<0.001). The 5-year RFS rates for patients with ATRX/DAXX-negative and ALT-positive NF-PanNETs were 40% and 42% as compared with 85% and 86% for wild-type NF-PanNETs (p<0.001 and p<0.001). Shorter 5-year RFS rates for ≤2.0 cm NF-PanNETs patients were also seen with ATRX/DAXX loss (65% vs 92%, p=0.003) and ALT (60% vs 93%, p<0.001). By multivariate analysis, ATRX/DAXX and ALT status were independent prognostic factors for RFS. Conversely, classifying NF-PanNETs by ARX/PDX1 expression did not independently correlate with RFS. Except for 4% of pulmonary carcinoids, ATRX/DAXX loss and ALT were only identified in primary (25% and 29%) and NF-PanNET metastases (62% and 71%). CONCLUSIONS: ATRX/DAXX and ALT should be considered in the prognostic evaluation of NF-PanNETs including ≤2.0 cm tumours, and are highly specific for pancreatic origin among NET metastases of unknown primary.


Assuntos
Deficiência Intelectual , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Talassemia alfa , Proteínas Correpressoras/genética , Genes Homeobox , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Telômero/genética , Telômero/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteína Nuclear Ligada ao X/genética , Talassemia alfa/genética
8.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 717769, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659111

RESUMO

Background: Thyroidectomy is a treatment option in some benign thyroid disorders and the definitive treatment option for thyroid cancer. As postoperative mortality is extremely rare data on postoperative complications and long-term health consequences are important. Objective: To evaluate the frequencies of short- and long-term complications, and their risk factors in pediatric patients (0-18 years) who underwent a thyroidectomy in a tertiary children's hospital. Methods: A retrospective single center study was performed including all pediatric patients who underwent a thyroidectomy between January 2013 and February 2020. Results: Forty-eight patients were included in this study (mean age 14.6 years). Twenty-nine total thyroidectomies and 19 hemithyroidectomies were conducted. Thyroid carcinoma was the indication to perform a thyroidectomy in 12 patients, 36 patients underwent a thyroidectomy because of a benign thyroid disorder. Postoperative hypocalcemia was evaluated in patients who underwent a total thyroidectomy. Rapidly resolved hypocalcemia was observed in three patients (10.3%), transient hypocalcemia in 10 patients (34.5%) and permanent hypocalcemia in six patients (20.7%). Permanent hypocalcemia was only seen in patients who underwent a thyroidectomy combined with additional lymph node dissection because of thyroid carcinoma [thyroid carcinoma: OR 43.73, 95% CI (2.11-904.95); lymph node dissection: OR 76.14, 95% CI (3.49-458.98)]. Transient and permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve injury was reported in four (8.3%) and one (2.1%) of all patients, respectively. Conclusion: Permanent postoperative complications after thyroidectomy are rare in pediatric patients undergoing a thyroidectomy without lymph node dissection. However, in this age group permanent hypocalcemia occurs more frequently after thyroidectomy with additional lymph node dissection because of thyroid cancer. With respect to quality of life, especially of pediatric thyroid cancer patients, reducing this complication is an important goal.


Assuntos
Hipocalcemia/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Qualidade de Vida , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipocalcemia/etiologia , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Scand J Caring Sci ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506049

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine among surgical nurses whether work-role conflict, work-role ambiguity, respect, distress and trust in collaboration due to interactions with family caregivers in the nursing ward are associated with the quality of contact with patients and their families. METHODS: A multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted between January and March 2020. Surgical nurses completed a questionnaire recording work-role conflict, work-role ambiguity, sense of respect, distress, trust in collaboration and quality of contact with patients and their families. Data were analysed using correlation analysis, multiple linear regression analysis and mediation regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 135 nurses completed the questionnaire. The correlation analysis showed significant correlations between nurses' impaired quality of contact with patients and their families and nurses' work-role conflicts, work-role ambiguity, trust in collaboration and distress (p < 0.05). The multiple regression analyses corroborated that work-role conflict and distress were significantly and positively associated with impaired quality of contact. Furthermore, mediation regression analysis showed that work-role conflict was associated indirectly and significantly with quality of contact through distress. CONCLUSION: Work-role conflict due to having family caregivers involved in the care of hospitalised patients is significantly associated with nurses' distress and quality of contact with patients and their families.

10.
Br J Anaesth ; 127(6): 879-889, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid storm is a feared complication in patients with hyperthyroidism undergoing surgery. We assessed the risk of thyroid storm for different preoperative treatment options for patients with primary hyperthyroidism undergoing surgery. METHODS: Pubmed, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library were searched systematically for all studies reporting on adult hyperthyroid patients undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia. Selected studies were categorised based on preoperative treatment: no treatment, antithyroid medication (thionamides), iodine, ß-blocking medication, or a combination thereof. Treatment effect, that is restoring euthyroidism, was extracted from the publications if available. Risk of bias was assessed using the Risk of Bias in Non-randomised Studies of Interventions (ROBINS-I) or the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool for randomised studies. RESULTS: The search yielded 7009 articles, of which 26 studies published between 1975 and 2020 were selected for critical appraisal. All studies had moderate to critical risk of bias, mainly attributable to risk of confounding, classification of intervention status, and definition of the outcome. All studies reported on thyroidectomy patients. We found no randomised studies comparing the risk of thyroid storm between treated and untreated patients. Cases of thyroid storm were reported in all treatment groups with incidences described ranging from 0% to 14%. CONCLUSION: Evidence assessing the risk of perioperative thyroid storm is of insufficient quality. Given the seriousness of this complication and the impossibility of identifying patients at increased risk, preoperative treatment of these patients remains warranted.


Assuntos
Hipertireoidismo/complicações , Hipertireoidismo/fisiopatologia , Período Perioperatório , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Crise Tireóidea/complicações , Crise Tireóidea/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios
11.
J Neuroendocrinol ; 33(8): e13008, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235792

RESUMO

Although small bowel resection is generally considered a low risk gastrointestinal procedure, this might not be true for small bowel neuroendocrine neoplasms (SB-NEN) as a result of potential central mesenteric involvement. We aimed to determine the reported morbidity and mortality after resection of SB-NEN in the literature and assess the effect of hospital volume on postoperative morbidity and mortality. A systematic review was performed by searching MEDLINE and Embase in March 2021. All studies reporting morbidity and/or mortality after SB-NEN resection were included. Pooled proportions of overall morbidity (Clavien-Dindo I-IV), severe morbidity (Clavien-Dindo III-IV), 30-day mortality, 90-day mortality and in-hospital mortality were calculated, as well as the association with hospital volume (high volume defined as the fourth quartile). Thirteen studies were included, with a total of 1087 patients. Pooled proportions revealed an overall morbidity of 13% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 7%-24%, I2  = 90%), severe morbidity of 7% (95% CI = 4%-14%, I2  = 70%), 30-day mortality of 2% (95% CI = 1%-3%, I2  = 0%), 90-day mortality of2% (95% CI = 2%-4%, I2  = 35%) and in-hospital mortality of 1% (95% CI = 0%-2%, I2  = 0%). An annual hospital volume of nine or more resections was associated with lower overall and severe morbidity compared to lower volume: 10% vs 15% and 4% vs 9%, respectively. Thirty-day mortality was similar (2% vs 1%) and 90-day mortality was higher in high-volume hospitals: 4% vs 1%. This systematic review with meta-analyses showed severe morbidity of 7% and low mortality rates after resection of SB-NEN. The currently available literature suggests a certain impact of hospital volume on postoperative outcomes, although heterogeneity among the included studies constrains interpretation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Intestino Delgado/cirurgia , Morbidade , Mortalidade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/epidemiologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/mortalidade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade
12.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 64(10): 1240-1248, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Literature on laparoscopic resection of small-bowel neuroendocrine neoplasms consists of single case descriptions or small selected case-series only, likely because of challenging mesenteric lymphadenectomy. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated an institutional change in approach from open to laparoscopic resection of small-bowel neuroendocrine neoplasm independent from lymph node involvement. DESIGN: This is a retrospective comparative cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted at a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients with small-bowel neuroendocrine neoplasms were included. INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic or open segmental bowel resection with central mesenteric lymphadenectomy was the studied intervention. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Complexity of lymphadenectomy was assessed by determining the distance between suspect lymph nodes and main mesenteric branches on preoperative CT. Number of (tumor-positive) lymph nodes, conversion to open surgery, and postoperative complications according to Clavien-Dindo classification and length of stay were measured. RESULTS: A total of 34 patients were identified, of whom 11 (32%) underwent open and 23 (68%) laparoscopic surgery. Distances between lymph nodes and main mesenteric branches and number of examined and tumor-positive lymph nodes did not differ significantly. Laparoscopy was converted in 7 patients (30%). Major postoperative complications (grades 3-5) occurred in 1 patient (9%) in the open surgery group (grade 5) and 2 patients (9%) in the laparoscopic surgery group (grade 3b). The length of stay was 8 days (range, 6-18 d) in the open surgery group and 4 days (4-8 d) in the laparoscopic group (p = 0.036). LIMITATIONS: Long-term outcomes could not reliably be assessed because of the relatively short follow-up time of the laparoscopy group. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic bowel resection with central mesenteric lymphadenectomy for small-bowel neuroendocrine neoplasm appears safe and associated with similar pathologic outcome and shorter length of stay in the setting of a tertiary referral center. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B512. VALOR DE LA LAPAROSCOPIA PARA LA RESECCIN DE NEOPLASIAS NEUROENDOCRINAS DEL INTESTINO DELGADO, INCLUIDA LA LINFADENECTOMA MESENTRICA CENTRAL: ANTECEDENTES:La literatura sobre la resección laparoscópica de neoplasias neuroendocrinas del intestino delgado consiste en descripciones de casos únicos o en series de pequeños casos seleccionados, probablemente debido a la dificultad de la linfadenectomía mesentérica.OBJETIVO:Evaluamos un cambio institucional en el enfoque de la resección abierta a laparoscópica de SB-NEN independientemente de la afectación de los ganglios linfáticos.DISEÑO:Este es un estudio de cohorte comparativo retrospectivo.AJUSTE:Este estudio se realizó en un centro de referencia terciario.PACIENTES:Pacientes con neoplasias neuroendocrinas de intestino delgado.INTERVENCIONES:Resección intestinal segmentaria laparoscópica o abierta con linfadenectomía mesentérica central.PRINCIPALES MEDIDAS DE RESULTADO:La complejidad de la linfadenectomía se evaluó determinando la distancia entre los ganglios linfáticos sospechosos y las principales ramas mesentéricas en la TC preoperatoria. Número de ganglios linfáticos (tumor positivos), conversión a cirugía abierta, complicaciones postoperatorias según Clavien-Dindo y duración de la estancia.RESULTADOS:Se identificaron 34 pacientes, de los cuales 11 (32%) fueron sometidos a cirugía abierta y 23 (68%) laparoscópica. Las distancias entre los ganglios linfáticos y las principales ramas mesentéricas y el número de ganglios linfáticos examinados y con tumores positivos no difirieron significativamente. La laparoscopia se convirtió en 7 pacientes (30%). Se produjeron complicaciones posoperatorias importantes (grados 3-5) en un paciente (9%) en el grupo de cirugía abierta (grado 5) y en 2 (9%) pacientes en el grupo de cirugía laparoscópica (grado 3b). La estancia intrahospitalaria fue de 8 días (rango 6-18) en el grupo de cirugía abierta y 4 días (4-8) en el grupo laparoscópico (p = 0.036).LIMITACIONES:Los resultados a largo plazo no se pudieron evaluar de manera confiable debido al seguimiento relativamente corto del grupo de laparoscopia.CONCLUSIONES:La resección intestinal laparoscópica con linfadenectomía mesentérica central para SB-NEN parece segura y se asocia con un resultado patológico similar y una estadía más corta en el contexto de un centro de referencia terciario. Consulte Video Resumen en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B512.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Masculino , Mesentério/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores/métodos , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
13.
World J Surg ; 45(8): 2463-2470, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783584

RESUMO

AIM: Open resection of small bowel neuroendocrine neoplasms (SB-NEN) is still considered standard-of-care, mainly because of frequently encountered multifocality and central mesenteric masses. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical approach for SB-NEN at a national level and determine predictors for overall survival. METHODS: Patients with SB-NEN who underwent resection between 2005 and 2015 were included from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Patient and tumor characteristics were compared between laparoscopic and open approach. Overall survival was assessed by Kaplan-Meier and compared with the Log-rank test. Independent predictors were determined by Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: In total, 482 patients were included, of whom 342 (71%) underwent open and 140 (29%) laparoscopic resection. The open resection group had significantly more multifocal tumors resected (24% vs. 14%), pN2 lymph nodes (18% vs. 7%) and stage IV disease (36% vs. 22%). Overall survival after open resection was significantly shorter compared to laparoscopic resection (3-year: 81% vs. 89%, 5-year: 71% vs. 84%, p = 0.004). In multivariable analysis, age above 60-years (60-75, HR 3.38 (95% CI 1.84-6.23); > 75 years, HR 7.63 (95% CI 3.86-15.07)), stage IV disease (HR 1.86 (95% CI 1.18-2.94)) and a laparoscopic approach (HR 0.51 (95% CI 0.28-0.94)) were independently associated with overall survival, whereas multifocal primary tumor, grade and resection margin status were not. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic resection was the approach in 29% of SB-NEN at a national level with selection of the more favorable patients. Laparoscopic resection remained independently associated with better overall survival besides age and stage, but residual confounding cannot be excluded.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(2): 588-597, 2021 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence on follow-up duration for patients with sporadic pheochromocytomas is absent, and current guidelines of the European Society of Endocrinology, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and Endocrine Surgeons, and the Endocrine Society are ambiguous about the appropriate duration of follow-up. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the recurrence rate of sporadic pheochromocytomas after curative adrenalectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library was performed. A study was eligible if it included a clear report on the number of sporadic patients, recurrence rate, and follow-up duration. Studies with an inclusion period before 1990, <2 years of follow-up, <10 patients, and unclear data on the sporadic nature of pheochromocytomas were excluded. A meta-analysis on recurrence was performed provided that the heterogeneity was low (I2 < 25%) or intermediate (I2 26-75%). Hozo's method was used to calculate weighted mean follow-up duration and weighted time to recurrence with combined standard deviations (SDs). RESULTS: A total of 13 studies, including 430 patients, were included in the synthesis. The meta-analysis results describe a pooled recurrence rate after curative surgery of 3% (95% confidence interval: 2-6%, I2 = 0%), with a weighted mean time to recurrence of 49.4 months (SD = 30.7) and a weighted mean follow-up period of 77.3 months (SD = 32.2). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis shows a very low recurrence rate of 3%. Prospective studies, including economical and health effects of limited follow-up strategies for patients with truly sporadic pheochromocytomas should be considered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Feocromocitoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Humanos , Feocromocitoma/patologia , Prognóstico
16.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 184(2): R51-R59, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166271

RESUMO

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is an orphan disease lacking effective systemic treatment options. The low incidence of the disease and high cost of clinical trials are major obstacles in the search for improved treatment strategies. As a novel approach, registry-based clinical trials have been introduced in clinical research, so allowing for significant cost reduction, but without compromising scientific benefit. Herein, we describe how the European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumours (ENSAT) could transform its current registry into one fit for a clinical trial infrastructure. The rationale to perform randomized registry-based trials in ACC is outlined including an analysis of relevant limitations and challenges. We summarize a survey on this concept among ENSAT members who expressed a strong interest in the concept and rated its scientific potential as high. Legal aspects, including ethical approval of registry-based randomization were identified as potential obstacles. Finally, we describe three potential randomized registry-based clinical trials in an adjuvant setting and for advanced disease with a high potential to be executed within the framework of an advanced ENSAT registry. Thus we, therefore, provide the basis for future registry-based trials for ACC patients. This could ultimately provide proof-of-principle of how to perform more effective randomized trials for an orphan disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal , Carcinoma Adrenocortical , Endocrinologia/organização & administração , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sistema de Registros , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/terapia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/terapia , Endocrinologia/normas , Europa (Continente) , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/tendências , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/normas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Rede Social
18.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 49: 101835, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120217

RESUMO

PURPOSE: As recovery time after oncological surgery can be long, family caregivers often play an important role in the delivery of care after patients' discharge. To prepare carers for this role, we developed a family involvement program (FIP) to enhance their active involvement in post-surgical oncology care during hospitalization. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore family caregivers experience of participating in a FIP. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 12 family caregivers who participated in the family involvement program. The program is comprised of two main components (1) training and coaching of physicians and nurses; (2) active involvement of family caregivers in fundamental care activities. This active involvement included six activities. Data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. RESULTS: Family caregivers positively valued the program. Active participation in post-surgical care was experienced as an acceptable burden. The program gave participants the ability to simply be present ('being there') which was considered as essential and improved their understanding of care, although family caregivers sometimes experienced emotional moments. Active involvement strengthened existent relationship between the family caregiver and the patient. Participants thought clinical supervision. by nurses is important. CONCLUSIONS: Physical proximity appeared as an essential part of the family involvement program. It helped carers to feel they made a meaningful contribution to their loved ones' wellbeing. Asking families to participate in fundamental care activities in post-surgical oncology care was acceptable, and not over-demanding for caregivers.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/educação , Cuidadores/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Assistência Domiciliar/educação , Assistência Domiciliar/psicologia , Neoplasias/enfermagem , Enfermagem em Pós-Anestésico/educação , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 405(6): 851-859, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778916

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Calcimimetics are currently indicated for severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). However, the role of parathyroidectomy (PTX) for these patients is still under debate, and its impact on subsequent kidney transplantation (KTX) is unclear. In this study, we compare the outcomes of kidney transplantation after PTX or medical treatment. METHODS: Patients who underwent KTX and had SHPT were analyzed retrospectively. Two groups were selected (patients who had either PTX or calcimimetics prior to KTX) using a propensity score for sex, age, donor type, and parathyroid hormone levels (PTH) during dialysis. The primary outcome was graft failure, and secondary outcomes were surgical KTX complications, survival, serum PTH, serum calcium, and serum phosphate levels post-KTX. RESULTS: Matching succeeded for 92 patients. After PTX, PTH was significantly lower on the day of KTX as well as at 1 and 3 years post-KTX (14.00 pmol/L (3.80-34.00) vs. 71.30 pmol/L (30.70-108.30), p < 0.01, 10.10 pmol/L (2.00-21.00) vs. 32.35 pmol/L (21.58-51.76), p < 0.01 and 13.00 pmol/L (6.00-16.60) vs. 19.25 pmol/L (13.03-31.88), p = 0.027, respectively). No significant differences in post-KTX calcium and phosphate levels were noted between groups. Severe KTX complications were more common in the calcimimetics group (56.5% vs. 30.4%, p = 0.047). There were no differences in 10-year graft failure and overall survival. CONCLUSION: PTX resulted in lower PTH after KTX in comparison to patients who received calcimimetics. Severe complications were more common after calcimimetics, but graft failure and overall survival were similar.


Assuntos
Calcimiméticos/uso terapêutico , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim , Paratireoidectomia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 183(2): 203-209, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460234

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a nationwide population based study in ATC on incidence, treatment and survival. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: All patients with primary ATC between 1989 and 2016 were identified in the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR). Of all these patients excerpts from the pathology reports from PALGA: Dutch Pathology registry were linked to the data of the NCR. Standardized incidences were calculated, survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method and univariable statistically significant factors were included in a multivariable regression model. RESULTS: In total, 812 patients were included. Mean standardized incidence rates were 0.18/100 000 (range 0.11-0.27/100 000) with a significant trend over the years with an estimated annual percentage change of 1.3% per year (95% CI 0.4-2.1%). Median overall survival was 2.2 months, and estimated 1-year survival was 12%. Patients without distant metastases at diagnosis had an estimated 1-year survival of 21.6%. Prognostic factors for prolonged survival were double or triple therapy, age below 65 years, M0-status and absence of bilateral lymph node metastases. CONCLUSIONS: ATC is rare, but often lethal, form of thyroid cancer, with a median survival of 2 months and 1-year survival of approximately 10%. The incidence is slightly rising in the Netherlands over the past 3 decades. There appears to be a subgroup of patients that survive longer, mainly those with relatively limited disease who underwent double or triple therapy. Further research is needed to define these patients more distinctively.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Anaplásico da Tireoide/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Anaplásico da Tireoide/terapia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Carcinoma Anaplásico da Tireoide/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/mortalidade
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