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2.
Hypertension ; : HYPERTENSIONAHA11914474, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983303
3.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940010

RESUMO

Importance: If we assume that women and men exhibit variations of the same fundamental vascular physiology, then conventional analyses of subclinical measures would suggest that women catch up to men by midlife in the extent of potentially important vascular disease. Alternatively, under the assumption that vascular physiology may fundamentally differ between women and men, a sex-specific analysis of existing data could offer new insights and augment our understanding of sex differences in cardiovascular diseases. Objective: To evaluate whether longitudinal patterns of blood pressure (BP) elevation differ between women and men during the life course when considering baseline BP levels as the reference. Design Setting, and Participants: We conducted sex-specific analyses of longitudinal BP measures (144 599 observations) collected for a period of 43 years (1971 to 2014) in 4 community-based US cohort studies. The combined total included 32 833 participants (54% female) spanning ages 5 to 98 years. Data were analyzed between May 4, 2019, and August 5, 2019. Exposures: Age and serially assessed longitudinal BP measures: systolic BP, diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and pulse pressure (PP). Main Outcomes and Measures: Sex-specific change in each primary BP measure compared with baseline BP levels, derived from multilevel longitudinal models fitted over the age span, and new-onset cardiovascular disease events. Results: Of the 32 833 participants, 17 733 were women (54%). Women compared with men exhibited a steeper increase in BP that began as early as in the third decade and continued through the life course (likelihood ratio test χ2 = 531 for systolic BP; χ2 = 123 for diastolic BP; χ2 = 325 for MAP; and χ2 = 572 for PP; P for all <.001). After adjustment for multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors, these between-sex differences in all BP trajectories persisted (likelihood ratio test χ2 = 314 for systolic BP; χ2 = 31 for diastolic BP; χ2 = 129 for MAP; and χ2 = 485 for PP; P for all <.001). Conclusions and Relevance: In contrast with the notion that important vascular disease processes in women lag behind men by 10 to 20 years, sex-specific analyses indicate that BP measures actually progress more rapidly in women than in men, beginning early in life. This early-onset sexual dimorphism may set the stage for later-life cardiovascular diseases that tend to present differently, not simply later, in women compared with men.

4.
J Hypertens ; 38(2): 218-223, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584521

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Masked hypertension (MH) is defined as normal office blood pressure (OBP) and elevated ambulatory (ABP) or home blood pressure (HBP). This study assessed MH identified by each of these two methods. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data in treated and untreated adults from Greece, Finland and UK who had OBP, HBP and 24-h ABP measurements was performed. Dual MH was defined as normal OBP and elevated HBP and ABP, isolated ambulatory MH as normal OBP and HBP and elevated ABP and isolated home MH as normal OBP and ABP and elevated HBP. RESULTS: Of 1971 participants analyzed, 445 (23%) had MH on ABP and/or HBP (age 57.1 ±â€Š10.8 years, men 55%, treated 49%). Among participants with any MH, 215 had dual MH (48%), 132 isolated ambulatory MH (30%) and 98 isolated home MH (22%). Moreover, 55% had high-normal, 35% normal and 10% optimal OBP. In logistic regression analysis isolated ambulatory MH was predicted by younger age (OR 0.35, P < 0.01 per 10 years increase), whereas isolated home MH was predicted by older age (OR 2.05, P < 0.01 per 10 years increase). CONCLUSION: Masked hypertension diagnosed by ABP and not HBP monitoring or the reverse is not uncommon. Age appears to be the most important determinant of isolated ambulatory or home MH, with the former being more common in younger participants and the latter in older ones. Only half of participants with MH have high-normal OBP, whereas the rest have lower levels.

5.
Scand J Public Health ; 48(1): 20-28, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068116

RESUMO

Background: Contemporary validation studies of register-based heart failure diagnoses based on current guidelines and complete clinical data are lacking in Finland and internationally. Our objective was to assess the positive and negative predictive values of heart failure diagnoses in a nationwide hospital discharge register. Methods: Using Finnish Hospital Discharge Register data from 2013-2015, we obtained the medical records for 120 patients with a register-based diagnosis for heart failure (cases) and for 120 patients with a predisposing condition for heart failure, but without a heart failure diagnosis (controls). The medical records of all patients were assessed by a physician who categorized each individual as having heart failure (with reduced or preserved ejection fraction) or no heart failure, based on the definition of current European Society of Cardiology heart failure guidelines. Unclear cases were assessed by a panel of three physicians. This classification was considered as the clinical gold standard, against which the registers were assessed. Results: Register-based heart failure diagnoses had a positive predictive value of 0.85 (95% CI 0.77-0.91) and a negative predictive value of 0.83 (95% CI 0.75-0.90). The positive predictive value decreased when we classified patients with transient heart failure (duration <6 months), dialysis/lung disease or heart failure with preserved ejection fraction as not having heart failure. Conclusions: Heart failure diagnoses of the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register have good positive predictive value and negative predictive value, even when patients with pre-existing heart conditions are used as healthy controls. Our results suggest that heart failure diagnoses based on register data can be reliably used for research purposes.

6.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; : 1-7, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650870

RESUMO

Objectives. To investigate nationwide changes in procedure rates, patient selection, and prognosis after all surgical aortic valve replacements. Design. Patients undergoing primary surgical aortic valve replacement between 2001 and 2016 were identified from three nationwide registers with compulsory reporting to examine trends in aortic valve surgery over four four-year time periods. Results. A total of 12,139 surgical aortic valve replacement procedures (mean age 61.9 ± 11.8 years, 39.1% women) were performed. The total number of biological valves increased from 1001 (42.9%) to 2526 (75.5%) from 2001-2004 to 2013-2016 (p < .001). During the first and last time periods the comorbidity burden increased; share of patients with hypertension increased from 37.5% to 46.9% (p < .001), diabetes from 14% to 16.5% (p = .01) and previous stroke from 5.2% to 7.2% (p = .01). The proportion of women undergoing surgery decreased from 40% to 36.1% from 2001-2004 to 2013-2016, respectively (p = .01). Overall 28-day mortality was 3.5%. In patients with biologic valve the multivariable-adjusted risk of short-term mortality decreased steadily in every four-year period from 2001-2004 to 2005-2008 (HR, 0.66; 95% CI 0.47-9.92), 2009-2012 (HR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.39-0.75) and 2013-2016 (HR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.29-0.58), whereas short-term mortality remained similar in patients with mechanical valve. The risk of four-year postoperative mortality after all surgical aortic valve replacements stayed constant. Conclusions. The use of biologic aortic valve prosthesis has increased from 2001 to 2016. The proportion of women has declined markedly. The short-term mortality has decreased and the long-term mortality has stayed constant despite increasing comorbidity burden.

7.
Hypertension ; 74(6): 1333-1342, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630575

RESUMO

Participant-level meta-analyses assessed the age-specific relevance of office blood pressure to cardiovascular complications, but this information is lacking for out-of-office blood pressure. At baseline, daytime ambulatory (n=12 624) or home (n=5297) blood pressure were measured in 17 921 participants (51.3% women; mean age, 54.2 years) from 17 population cohorts. Subsequently, mortality and cardiovascular events were recorded. Using multivariable Cox regression, floating absolute risk was computed across 4 age bands (≤60, 61-70, 71-80, and >80 years). Over 236 491 person-years, 3855 people died and 2942 cardiovascular events occurred. From levels as low as 110/65 mm Hg, risk log-linearly increased with higher out-of-office systolic/diastolic blood pressure. From the youngest to the oldest age group, rates expressed per 1000 person-years increased (P<0.001) from 4.4 (95% CI, 4.0-4.7) to 86.3 (76.1-96.5) for all-cause mortality and from 4.1 (3.9-4.6) to 59.8 (51.0-68.7) for cardiovascular events, whereas hazard ratios per 20-mm Hg increment in systolic out-of-office blood pressure decreased (P≤0.0033) from 1.42 (1.19-1.69) to 1.09 (1.05-1.12) and from 1.70 (1.51-1.92) to 1.12 (1.07-1.17), respectively. These age-related trends were similar for out-of-office diastolic pressure and were generally consistent in both sexes and across ethnicities. In conclusion, adverse outcomes were directly associated with out-of-office blood pressure in adults. At young age, the absolute risk associated with out-of-office blood pressure was low, but relative risk high, whereas with advancing age relative risk decreased and absolute risk increased. These observations highlight the need of a lifecourse approach for the management of hypertension.

9.
J Hypertens ; 37(10): 1974-1981, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415001

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Out-of-office blood pressure evaluation assessed using ambulatory (ABP) or home (HBP) monitoring is currently recommended for hypertension management. We evaluated the frequency and determinants of diagnostic disagreement between ABP and HBP measurements. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 1971 participants (mean age 53.8 ±â€Š11.4 years, 52.6% men, 32% treated) from Greece, Finland and the United Kingdom were analyzed. The diagnostic disagreement between HBP and daytime ABP was regarded as certain when (i) the two methods diagnosed a different blood pressure phenotype, (ii) the absolute HBP-ABP difference was more than 10/5 mmHg (systolic/diastolic) and (iii) ABP and HBP had a more than 5 mmHg difference from the respective hypertension threshold. RESULTS: In 1574 participants (79.9%), there was agreement between HBP and ABP in diagnosing hypertensive phenotypes (kappa 0.70). Of the remaining 397 participants (20.1%) with diagnostic disagreement, 95 had clinically irrelevant HBP-ABP differences, which reduced the disagreement to 15.3%. When cases with ABP and/or HBP differing ≤5 mmHg from the respective hypertension threshold were excluded, the certain disagreement between the two methods was reduced to 8.2%. Significant determinants of the HBP-ABP difference were age, sex, study center, BMI, cardiovascular disease history, office hypertension and antihypertensive treatment. Antihypertensive drug treatment, alcohol consumption and office normotension independently increased the odds of diagnostic disagreement. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that there is considerable diagnostic agreement between HBP and ABP, and that these methods are interchangeable for clinical decisions in most patients. However, considerable disagreement between the two methods occurs in an appreciable minority, most likely due to methodological and patient-related factors.

10.
Metabolites ; 9(7)2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336989

RESUMO

High-throughput metabolomics investigations, when conducted in large human cohorts, represent a potentially powerful tool for elucidating the biochemical diversity underlying human health and disease. Large-scale metabolomics data sources, generated using either targeted or nontargeted platforms, are becoming more common. Appropriate statistical analysis of these complex high-dimensional data will be critical for extracting meaningful results from such large-scale human metabolomics studies. Therefore, we consider the statistical analytical approaches that have been employed in prior human metabolomics studies. Based on the lessons learned and collective experience to date in the field, we offer a step-by-step framework for pursuing statistical analyses of cohort-based human metabolomics data, with a focus on feature selection. We discuss the range of options and approaches that may be employed at each stage of data management, analysis, and interpretation and offer guidance on the analytical decisions that need to be considered over the course of implementing a data analysis workflow. Certain pervasive analytical challenges facing the field warrant ongoing focused research. Addressing these challenges, particularly those related to analyzing human metabolomics data, will allow for more standardization of as well as advances in how research in the field is practiced. In turn, such major analytical advances will lead to substantial improvements in the overall contributions of human metabolomics investigations.

11.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(14): e012141, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303106

RESUMO

Background Excess transmission of pressure pulsatility caused by increased arterial stiffness may incur microcirculatory damage in end organs (target organ damage [TOD] ) and, in turn, elevate risk for cardiovascular disease ( CVD ) events. Methods and Results We related arterial stiffness measures (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, mean arterial pressure, central pulse pressure) to the prevalence and incidence of TOD (defined as albuminuria and/or echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy) in up to 6203 Framingham Study participants (mean age 50±15 years, 54% women). We then related presence of TOD to incident CVD in multivariable Cox regression models without and with adjustment for arterial stiffness measures. Cross-sectionally, greater arterial stiffness was associated with a higher prevalence of TOD (adjusted odds ratios ranging from 1.23 to 1.54 per SD increment in arterial stiffness measure, P<0.01). Prospectively, increased carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity was associated with incident albuminuria (odds ratio per SD 1.28, 95% CI, 1.02-1.61; P<0.05), whereas higher mean arterial pressure and central pulse pressure were associated with incident left ventricular hypertrophy (odds ratio per SD 1.37 and 1.45, respectively; P<0.01). On follow-up, 297 of 5803 participants experienced a first CVD event. Presence of TOD was associated with a 33% greater hazard of incident CVD (95% CI , 0-77%; P<0.05), which was attenuated upon adjustment for baseline arterial stiffness measures by 5-21%. Conclusions Elevated arterial stiffness is associated with presence of TOD and may partially mediate the relations of TOD with incident CVD . Our observations in a large community-based sample suggest that mitigating arterial stiffness may lower the burden of TOD and, in turn, clinical CVD .

13.
Hypertension ; : HYPERTENSIONAHA11913069, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256722

RESUMO

Early onset hypertension confers increased risk for cardiovascular mortality in the community. Whether early onset hypertension also promotes the development of target end-organ damage (TOD), even by midlife, has remained unknown. We studied 2680 middle-aged CARDIA (coronary artery risk development in young adults) Study participants (mean age 50±4 years, 57% women) who underwent up to 8 serial blood pressure measurements between 1985 and 2011 (age range at baseline 18-30 years) in addition to assessments of echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary calcification, albuminuria, and diastolic dysfunction in 2010 to 2011. Age of hypertension onset was defined as the age at first of 2 consecutively attended examinations with blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg or use of antihypertensive medication. Participants were divided in groups by hypertension onset age (<35 years, 35-44 years, ≥45 years, or no hypertension). While adjusting for TOD risk factors, including systolic blood pressure, we used logistic regression to calculate odds ratios for cases (participants with TOD) versus controls (participants without TOD) to examine the relation of hypertension onset age and hypertensive TOD. Compared with normotensive individuals, hypertension onset at age <35 years was related to odds ratios of 2.29 (95% CI, 1.36-3.86), 2.94 (95% CI, 1.57-5.49), 1.12 (95% CI, 0.55-2.29), and 2.06 (95% CI, 1.04-4.05) for left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary calcification, albuminuria, and diastolic dysfunction, respectively. In contrast, hypertension onset at age ≥45 years was not related to increased odds of TOD. Our findings emphasize the importance of assessing age of hypertension onset in hypertensive patients to identify high-risk individuals for preventing hypertensive complications.

14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 108(5): 1354-1360, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biologic prostheses are preferred for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients more than 70 years of age in clinical practice. This study investigated differences in long-term outcomes between SAVR-treated patients more than 70 years of age who received mechanical or biologic prosthetic valves. METHODS: All patients (excluding those with endocarditis) who were more than 70 years of age and who underwent isolated first-time SAVR (with or without coronary artery bypass grafting) in Finland between 2004 and 2014 were retrospectively studied (n = 4227). Propensity score matching (1:3) was used to account for baseline differences (n = 296 with mechanical prostheses and n = 888 with biologic prostheses). Outcomes were 10-year survival, major bleeding (all, gastrointestinal, intracranial), ischemic stroke, infective endocarditis, and aortic valve reoperation. Mean age was 75.8 years, and mean follow-up was 8.3 years. RESULTS: Survival at 10 years was 46.1% with mechanical prostheses and 57.8% with biologic prostheses (hazard ratio [HR], 1.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.21 to 1.80; P < .001; number needed to harm = 7.0). The 10-year major bleeding rates were 37.0% with mechanical valves and 18.8% with biologic valves (HR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.25 to 2.49; P = .001; number needed to harm = 7.4). Both gastrointestinal bleeding (26.5% vs 8.9%; HR, 2.63; 95% CI, 1.63 to 4.23; P < .001) and intracranial bleeding (8.8% vs 6.0%; HR, 2.12; 95% CI, 1.09 to 4.15; P = .028) were significantly more frequent with mechanical valve prosthesis. Occurrence of ischemic stroke (18.9% with mechanical prosthesis vs 16.1% with biologic prosthesis; P = .341), infective endocarditis (3.7% vs 2.8%; P = .242), or aortic valve reoperation (0.8% vs 2.8%; P = .707) did not differ between study groups. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical aortic valve prosthesis is associated with worse long-term survival and increased bleeding after SAVR in patients more than 70 years old. The study results suggest caution when considering mechanical aortic valve prostheses in elderly patients.

15.
Am J Hypertens ; 32(8): 734-741, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nighttime blood pressure (BP) and nondipping pattern are strongly associated with hypertensive end-organ damage. However, no previous studies have compared the diagnostic agreement between ambulatory and home monitoring in detecting these BP patterns in the general population. METHODS: We studied a population-based sample of 180 persons aged 32-80 years. The study protocol included 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring, home daytime measurements over 7 days, home nighttime measurements (6 measurements over 2 consecutive nights using a timer-equipped home device), and ultrasound measurements for left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). We defined nondipping as a <10% reduction in nighttime BP compared with daytime BP, and nighttime hypertension as BP ≥ 120/70 mm Hg. RESULTS: The agreement between ambulatory and home monitoring for detecting nighttime hypertension was good (80%, κ = 0.56, P < 0.001). However, their agreement in detecting nondipping status was poor (54%, κ = 0.12, P = 0.09). The magnitude of ambulatory systolic BP dipping percent was 1.7% higher than on home monitoring (P = 0.004), whereas no difference was observed for diastolic BP dipping (difference: 0.7%, P = 0.33). LVMI and IMT were significantly greater among individuals with nighttime hypertension than in normotensive individuals, irrespective of the measurement method. However, only ambulatory nondippers, but not home nondippers, had more advanced end-organ damage than dippers. CONCLUSION: We observed a good agreement between ambulatory and home BP monitoring in detecting nighttime hypertension in the general population. Two-night home monitoring could offer an inexpensive and feasible method for the diagnosis of nighttime hypertension.

17.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(3): 204-213, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819375

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigates differences between women and men in heart failure (HF) risk and mortality. BACKGROUND: Sex differences in HF epidemiology are insufficiently understood. METHODS: In 78,657 individuals (median 49.5 years of age; age range 24.1 to 98.7 years; 51.7% women) from community-based European studies (FINRISK, DanMONICA, Moli-sani, Northern Sweden) of the BiomarCaRE (Biomarker for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Europe) consortium, the association between incident HF and mortality, the relationship of cardiovascular risk factors, prevalent cardiovascular diseases, biomarkers (C-reactive protein [CRP]; N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]) with incident HF, and their attributable risks were tested in women vs. men. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 12.7 years, fewer HF cases were observed in women (n = 2,399 [5.9%]) than in men (n = 2,771 [7.3%]). HF incidence increased markedly after 60 years of age, initially with a more rapid increase in men, whereas incidence in women exceeded that of men after 85 years of age. HF onset substantially increased mortality risk in both sexes. Multivariable-adjusted Cox models showed the following sex differences for the association with incident HF: systolic blood pressure hazard ratio (HR) according to SD in women of 1.09 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05 to 1.14) versus HR of 1.19 (95% CI: 1.14 to 1.24) in men; heart rate HR of 0.98 (95% CI: 0.93 to 1.03) in women versus HR of 1.09 (95% CI: 1.04 to 1.13) in men; CRP HR of 1.10 (95% CI: 1.00 to 1.20) in women versus HR of 1.32 (95% CI: 1.24 to 1.41) in men; and NT-proBNP HR of 1.54 (95% CI: 1.37 to 1.74) in women versus HR of 1.89 (95% CI: 1.75 to 2.05) in men. Population-attributable risk of all risk factors combined was 59.0% in women and 62.9% in men. CONCLUSIONS: Women had a lower risk for HF than men. Sex differences were seen for systolic blood pressure, heart rate, CRP, and NT-proBNP, with a lower HF risk in women.

18.
Hypertension ; 73(3): 712-717, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661478

RESUMO

Pulse pressure has been frequently used as a surrogate marker of arterial compliance. However, the prevalence and prognostic significance of mismatch between pulse pressure and arterial stiffness remains unclear. We measured carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CFPWV) and central pulse pressure (CPP) in 2119 Framingham Offspring Cohort participants (mean age, 60 years; 57% women). The participants were divided into 4 groups according to CPP and CFPWV status (categorized as high/low based on ≥age- and sex-specific median values) and followed up for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. At baseline, 832 of 2119 (39%) participants had discordant CPP and CFPWV status, 417 with low CPP and high CFPWV, and 415 with high CPP and low CFPWV. The multivariable-adjusted risk for CVD events (n=246; median follow-up, 12.6 years) in individuals with a CPP-CFPWV mismatch (hazard ratio for low CPP with high CFPWV, 1.21; 95% CI, 0.83-1.76; hazard ratio for high CPP with low CFPWV, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.49-1.19) was comparable with the CVD risk observed in the low CPP with low CFPWV (referent group). In contrast, participants with a high CPP with high CFPWV (hazard ratio, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.10-2.11) experienced significantly increased CVD risk. The interaction term between CPP and CFPWV status on CVD risk was borderline significant in the multivariable model ( P=0.08). Our results demonstrate that pulse pressure-arterial stiffness mismatch is common in the community. CFPWV may modify the association of CPP with CVD risk, with the greatest risk being observed in those with elevated CPP and CFPWV.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
J Hypertens ; 37(2): 455, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30640881
20.
Cell Chem Biol ; 26(3): 433-442.e4, 2019 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661990

RESUMO

Eicosanoids and related oxylipins are critical, small bioactive mediators of human physiology and inflammation. While ∼1,100 distinct species have been predicted to exist, to date, less than 150 of these molecules have been measured in humans, limiting our understanding of their role in human biology. Using a directed non-targeted mass spectrometry approach in conjunction with chemical networking of spectral fragmentation patterns, we find over 500 discrete chemical signals highly consistent with known and putative eicosanoids and related oxylipins in human plasma including 46 putative molecules not previously described. In plasma samples from 1,500 individuals, we find members of this expanded oxylipin library hold close association with markers of inflammation, as well as clinical characteristics linked with inflammation, including advancing age and obesity. These experimental and computational approaches enable discovery of new chemical entities and will shed important insight into the role of bioactive molecules in human health and disease.


Assuntos
Eicosanoides/análise , Oxilipinas/análise , Idoso , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Eicosanoides/sangue , Eicosanoides/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxilipinas/sangue , Oxilipinas/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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