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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different silicatization protocols with various silane treatment methods on the bond performance to high-translucent zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-translucent zirconia specimens were assigned to five groups according to mechanical surface pretreatment: as-sintered (Con), 0.2 MPa alumina sandblasting (AB2), tribochemical silica coating (TSC), 0.2 and 0.4 MPa glass bead air abrasion (GB2) and (GB4). Each group was subjected to 4 different cementation protocols: Panavia SA Universal (SAU), Panavia SA plus (SAP), silane + SAP (S-SAP), and Universal adhesive + SAP (U-SAP). Tensile bond strength (TBS) was measured after 24 h and 10,000 thermocycling (TC). Surface topography, surface energy, and elemental composition of the abraded zirconia surface analyses were completed. TBS data was analyzed using the Weibull analysis method. Surface roughness and surface energy were compared by one-way ANOVA analysis of variance (α = 0.05). RESULTS: After 24 h, higher TBS was achieved with all cementation protocols in AB2 and TSC, also, in GB2 with all protocols except U-SAP, and in GB4 with SAU and S-SAP. After aging, GB4/S-SAP, GB2/S-SAP, AB2/U-SAP, and TSC/S-SAP showed the highest bond strength. GB groups showed the lowest surface roughness and highest surface energy. CONCLUSION: Glass bead abrasion achieved the durable bond strength to high-translucent zirconia using a separate silane coupling agent while altered surface chemistry, surface energy, and roughness without effect on morphology. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Glass bead air abrasion is an alternative to alumina sandblasting and tribochemical silica coating and improves bond strength to high translucent zirconia.

2.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759125

RESUMO

The resin-coating technique, in which exposed dentin surfaces are covered using a thin-film coating material, was approved in the Japanese public health insurance system in December 2019. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical cases treated using the resin-coating technique with Hybrid Coat II (HC II) after tooth preparation on vital teeth. A total of 134 cases from patients who visited nine dental clinics were examined from the clinical records. Clinical signs and symptoms of cases before, during, and after treatment and at the time of recall were evaluated. The resin-coating was applied as either a single application with HC II (86.6%) or a combined application of HC II and a flowable resin composite (13.4%). The success rate without any symptoms of sensivity to cold water was 92.5% (124 cases). The current results indicated that the resin-coating with HC II is a reliable treatment for the tooth preparation of vital teeth.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(22)2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34832458

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of one week of Computer-aided design/Computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) crown storage on the µTBS between resin cement and CAD/CAM resin composite blocks. The micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) test groups were divided into 4 conditions. There are two types of CAD/CAM resin composite blocks, namely A block and P block (KATANA Avencia Block and KATANA Avencia P Block, Kuraray Noritake Dental, Tokyo, Japan) and two types of resin cements. Additionally, there are two curing methods (light cure and chemical cure) prior to the µTBS test-Immediate: cementation was performed immediately; Delay: cementation was conducted after one week of storage in air under laboratory conditions. The effect of Immediate and Delayed cementations were evaluated by a µTBS test, surface roughness measurements, light intensity measurements, water sorption measurements and Scanning electron microscope/Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM/EDS) analysis. From the results of the µTBS test, we found that Delayed cementation showed significantly lower bond strength than that of Immediate cementation for both resin cements and both curing methods using A block. There was no significant difference between the two types of resin cements or two curing methods. Furthermore, water sorption of A block was significantly higher than that of P block. Within the limitations of this study, alumina air abrasion of CAD/CAM resin composite restorations should be performed immediately before bonding at the chairside to minimize the effect of humidity on bonding.

4.
Jpn Dent Sci Rev ; 57: 147-153, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522239

RESUMO

The purpose of this review was to assess the literature regarding the decontamination of resin cement before the luting procedure in order to provide clinicians with a comparative overview of decontamination effects. A total of 19 articles were selected for inclusion in this review. The results indicated that bonding effectiveness is reduced due to residual adhesion inhibitors such as saliva, blood, hemostatic agents, and temporary/provisional cement. Self-etching and self-adhesive systems tend to be more negatively affected by adhesion inhibitors than do etch and rinse systems. Cleaning with an ultrasonic scaler or rotating brush have demonstrated conflicting effects in several studies. Some studies have reported that phosphoric acid has negative effects and recommend mild acid for decontamination. The application of phosphoric acid followed by sodium hypochlorite has been shown to help avoid negative effects. Alumina blasting has been investigated as a mechanical cleaning method in a relatively large number of experiments, most of which have confirmed its effectiveness. An intraoral cleaner containing functional monomers that has become commercially available in recent years is a promising method in clinical practice because it can easily and effectively remove temporary adhesive material. In addition, adhesion inhibitors can be easily removed from resin-coated dentin surfaces.

5.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study investigated the influence of resin coating on the bonding performance of self-adhesive resin cements in single-visit computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) resin restorations. MATERIALS AND METHOD: CAD/CAM resin (1.5-mm thick) was mounted on 20 noncoated and 20 resin-coated human dentin surfaces using dual-cured self-adhesive resin cements (Panavia SA Cement Plus or Panavia SA Cement Universal, Kuraray Noritake Dental) in either self-curing or dual-curing mode. These specimens were sectioned into beam-shaped sticks and subjected to microtensile bond strength tests after 24 h of water storage. The obtained data were statistically analyzed with three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The three-way ANOVA results revealed the significant influence of resin coating, resin cement, and curing mode. Resin coating and light curing led to higher bond strengths in almost all groups. Resin-coated dentin with Panavia SA Cement Plus exhibited a mean bond strength greater than 35 MPa in both self-curing and dual-curing modes. CONCLUSIONS: In single-visit CAD/CAM resin restorations, resin coating, resin cement selection, and curing mode influenced the bonding performance of self-adhesive resin cements. In addition, resin coating and light curing increased the bond strength of self-adhesive resin cements. Resin coating and light curing are encouraged for predictable bonding performance of dual-cured self-adhesive resin cements in single-visit CAD/CAM resin restorations.

6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of experimental cleaners containing 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) on the saliva decontamination of ceramic and their influence in restoring zirconia's adherence to resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred sixty alumina-blasted zirconia specimens were categorized into saliva-contaminated and uncontaminated groups which were treated with ceramic primer (P), experimental cleaner 1 (C1), C1 followed by P (C1P), experimental cleaner 2 (C2), and C2 followed by P (C2P). Stainless-steel rods were then attached to the specimens using PanaviaV5 cement (Kuraray Noritake Dental; Tokyo, Japan). Tensile bond strength (TBS) test was performed after 24 h and 5000 thermocycling processes. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis and contact angle measurement of the specimen were performed. The TBS data were analyzed by Weibull analysis and three-way ANOVA. Contact angle data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA (α = 0.05). RESULTS: C2P groups showed the highest TBS in all conditions among tested groups. Saliva contamination led to a significant reduction of TBS in primer- and cleaner-treated groups, with no significant impact on C2P. Adhesive failure was predominant in contaminated groups except with the C1P and C2P groups. XPS revealed that a nitrogen peak was observed on contaminated groups but not in primed groups. The contact angle was significantly affected by saliva contamination, the cleaners, and/or ceramic primer usage (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The MDP cleaner followed by the MDP primer protocol may overcome the effect of saliva contamination and improve the resin-ceramic bond strength. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: It is recommended to use a combination of MDP-containing cleaner 2 and ceramic primer as a chair-side chemical pretreatment for zirconia substrate with or without saliva contamination.

7.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study aimed to investigate morphologically and quantitatively the progression of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) using a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) and replica models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The samples examined comprised sets of replicas annually obtained from 83 lesions in 16 participants over 3 to 5 years. All lesions were visually categorized as wedge-shaped, saucer-shaped, or mixed-shaped lesions. CLSM images of the replicas were analyzed in terms of axial depth, occlusogingival width (height) in the buccolingual cross-section, and estimated volume using a custom code of the image analysis software to estimate the progression of the NCCLs over time. The morphological characteristics of the NCCLs were also objectively divided into three groups according to the depth to height ratio (D/H ratio). Fisher's exact test and the Cochran-Armitage trend test were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Saucer-shaped lesions progressed mainly in height, whereas wedge-shaped lesions increased both in height and depth. Annual progression in depth and volume significantly increased as the D/H ratio increased. More than half of the NCCLs with a small D/H ratio progressed 50 µm or more in height, whereas none of them progressed more than 50 µm in depth. Annual progression in depth significantly increased as the lesion depth at baseline increased. CONCLUSIONS: Progression patterns significantly differed between NCCLs of different shapes. Most NCCLs progressed slowly in depth regardless of their shape. Moreover, NCCLs may progress through active and inactive stages.

8.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334507

RESUMO

We evaluated twelve commercially available bulk-fill resin composites to determine the colorimetric changes that occurred as a result of the photo-polymerization reaction. Samples of the resin composites were prepared as disks 8 mm in diameter and 3 mm in thickness. A colorimeter was used to measure the color of samples on a black background before and after the polymerization processed had been initiated. As results, each of the photo-initiated bulk-fill resin composites tested except for Beautifil Bulk A showed a significant color difference more than that of conventional resin composites. Bulk Base Flow became darker, whereas Beautifil Bulk Flow became clearly lighter. All resin composites except for Bulk Base Flow became less yellow. Thus, Beautifil Bulk A exhibited the least color change among all the bulk-fill resin composites. However, this color change showed a marked change (NBS units) as observed by the human naked eye.

9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9731280, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368356

RESUMO

A fluoride-releasing adhesive system is expected to promote mineralization of demineralized dentin/enamel around a composite restoration, thereby contributing to the longevity of the restoration. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) and transmission electron microscopic (TEM) observations revealed the formation of an "acid-base resistant zone" (ABRZ) beneath the hybrid layer when dentin was treated with a self-etch adhesive system. A thicker ABRZ was formed from the upper slope to the end of the outer lesion, indicating greater resistance against an acid-base challenge, when a fluoride-releasing self-etch adhesive system was used. The slope formation of a fluoride-releasing adhesive is believed to be due to fluoride-release from the adhesive. Quantitative assessment of the acid resistance was performed at the interface using the region of interest (ROI) mode of a digital image analysis software package. The area of the ABRZ is influenced by the concentration of fluoride release from the adhesive resin. The threshold of fluoride concentration in the adhesive may exist to influence the morphology of the ABRZ. X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) analysis of the dentin treated with different concentrations of NaF-mouth rinses suggested that different fluoride concentrations result in the formation of different chemical compounds, such as fluorapatite and CaF2-like structures, on the dentin surface. This may explain the differences in µTBS values and morphological appearance of the ABRZ. NaF is effective in enhancing the enamel/dentin bond durability and also helps create a high quality of ARBZ to improve the clinical success of restorations.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Ácidos/química , Adesivos/química , Álcalis/química , Fluoretos/análise , Dentina/ultraestrutura
10.
Dent Mater J ; 40(6): 1329-1337, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234045

RESUMO

Numerous studies have shown that the sustained release of ions from dental restorative materials have acid buffering capacity, prevents tooth enamel demineralization, and inhibits bacterial adhesion. Herein, the release behavior and bioresponsiveness of ions released from surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) fillers were investigated in different types of media based on human dental pulp-derived stem cell (hDPSC) responses. The hDPSCs were cultured for 1-7 days in S-PRG eluates diluted with varying amounts of cell culture media. S-PRG released several types of ions, such as F-, Sr2+, Na+, Al3+, BO33-, and SiO32-. The balance of eluted ions differed depending on the dilution and solvent, which in turn affected the cytotoxicity, cell morphology, cell proliferation, and alkane phosphatase activity of hDPSCs, among other properties. The results suggest that tailored S-PRG filler eluates could be designed and prepared for application in dental practice.

11.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1257-1263, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193722

RESUMO

The bonding performance of a surface pre-reacted glass ionomer (S-PRG) filler-containing self-adhesive flowable resin composites to enamel and dentin were evaluated using a tensile bond test with thermal cycling. Also, the quantities of various ions released from the materials were measured using ICP atomic emission spectrometry and a fluoride ion electrode. The initial bond strengths of the materials were approximately 6 MPa, and decreased after thermal cycling. The S-PRG filler-containing self-adhesive flowable resin composites materials exhibited much higher ion release compared with the commercial self-adhesive flowable resin composite possibly due to different acidic monomers contained. It was suggested that the S-PRG filler containing self-adhesive flowable resin composites should be limited as a lining material or to restore small cavities in non-stress bearing areas.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Resinas Acrílicas , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Íons , Teste de Materiais , Dióxido de Silício , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 233-242, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060303

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of several etching products prior to the application of a one-step self-etch adhesive (1-SEA) or two-step self-etch adhesive (2-SEA) on enamel by microshear bond strength (µSBS) testing and observation of the adhesive-enamel interface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ground human enamel surfaces were randomly assigned to one of eight groups according to the combination of surface treatments (either no conditioner [NC], ME [Multi Etchant], EC [Enamel Conditioner], or KE [K-etchant Gel]) and adhesive (ADU [Adhese Universal] or SE2 [Clearfil SE Bond 2]). All groups were further divided into two subgroups: 0 or 10,000 thermal cycles (TC). Then, the µSBS test was performed. The adhesive-enamel interface after acid-base challenge and the surface structure after conditioner application were also observed. RESULTS: With 10,000 TCs, there was no statistically significant difference between ME-ADU and NC-ADU. On the other hand, the µSBS of EC-ADU or KE-ADU was significantly higher than that of NC-ADU, while that of ME-SE2 was significantly lower than NC-SE2. There was no significant difference between EC-SE2, NC-SE2, and KE-SE2. Formation of an acid-base resistance zone (ABRZ) was confirmed in all groups. However, funnel-shaped erosion, which indicates interfacial defects, was observed in the NC-ADU, ME-ADU, and ME-SE2 groups. CONCLUSION: For enamel bonding, application of EC or KE prior to ADU increased the bond strength and created a stable adhesive-enamel interface. On the other hand, SE2 also had stable shear bond strength and interface without the use of conditioners. However, ME decreased the bonding performance of SE2.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(10)2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064860

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to investigate the feasibility of using a DLP 3D printer to fabricate a crown using scan data before tooth preparation, and to investigate the effect of additional heat curing on the mechanical properties of the urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA)-based 3D printed crown. A silicone fitting test was used to evaluate the internal adaptation of the crown. For ultimate tensile strength (UTS), the specimens were tested after 24 h storage in water at 37 °C or after 10,000 thermal cycles (TC) between 5-55 °C. For shear bond strength (SBS), a PMMA self-curing resin was filled into a Teflon ring mounted onto the polished UDMA specimens. The internal adaptation of the crowns fabricated with cement space was better than those with no cement space. There was no significant difference in UTS between light-curing and additional heat-curing groups after TC. As for the SBS, there was a significant difference after TC between the two groups. Crowns can be fabricated by a DLP 3D printer using pre-preparation scans with a cement space defined in the software. Additional heat curing of the UDMA-based crown reduced residual monomer and improved its mechanical properties.

14.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1122-1128, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980749

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the effects of a temporary sealing material and cleaning method of resin-coated dentin on the bond strength of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) inlay restorations. Resin-coated dentin surfaces were unsealed or temporarily sealed for 1 h or 1 week. For the temporarily sealed group, a hydraulic temporary sealing material was removed and further divided into four groups: without cleaning, cleaned with a rotational brush, a universal cleaner or an air-polishing device. Some specimens were investigated with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and the others were used for microtensile bond strength (MTBS) test. A sealing material could not be removed with a rotational brush, which resulted in pretest failures in all specimens after 1 h and which resulted in low MTBS after 1 week. An air-polishing device can clean resin-coated dentin temporarily sealed with a hydraulic temporary sealing material and resulted in the similar MTBS as in the unsealed group.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Dentina , Restaurações Intracoronárias , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
15.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1151-1159, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024886

RESUMO

The purpose of this multicenter clinical study was to compare the mid-term clinical effectiveness of direct resin composite restorations using one-step or two-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs or 2-SEAs). In total, 352 restorations of class I-V cavities and non-carious cervical lesions in vital teeth (1-SEAs; 52 cases, 2-SEAs; 300 cases) were placed at nine university hospitals and evaluated according to the modified USPHS criteria at baseline, and after 1, 2, and 3 years. The recall rates were 86.6% (1 year), 80.1% (2 years), and 62.2% (3 years). Two restorations failed due to fracture during the follow-up, and there was no significant difference in survival rates between 1-SEAs (97.6%) and 2-SEAs (99.4%). However, 2-SEAs exhibited significantly lower occurrences of discoloration, marginal discoloration, fracture, and plaque retention. Moreover, the subjects reported a significantly lower postoperative hypersensitivity and higher overall satisfaction at all evaluation periods if 2-SEAs were used.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente , Colo do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Cimentos de Resina , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Prosthodont ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909938

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate effect of air-particle abrasion protocol and primer on surface topography and bond strength of resin cement to high-translucent zirconia ceramics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred disk-shaped high-translucent zirconia specimens of 5Y-PSZ were prepared. The specimens were assigned to 5 groups in terms of particle type and air-particle abrasion pressure: (1) control, (2) alumina with 0.2 MPa-air pressure [AB-0.2], (3) alumina with 0.4 MPa-air pressure [AB-0.4], (4) glass beads with 0.2 MPa-air pressure [GB-0.2], and (5) glass beads with 0.4 MPa-air pressure [GB-0.4]. Two different primers 1% MDP (Experimental) and MDP-silane primer (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus) was also tested. Stainless steel rods were bonded to the 5Y-PSZ specimens with PANAVIA V5. For each group, the tensile bond strength (TBS) was measured after 24-hour water storage (n = 10) and after 5000 thermal-cycling (n = 10) at crosshead speed of 2 mm/min. The data were statistically analyzed using Weibull analysis. Surface roughness (Sa) was measured using a 3D-Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope (n = 5) and analyzed by t-test with Bonferroni correction. Surface topography using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and surface elemental analysis using energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDX), and cross-section SEM at the interface with composite cement were also investigated. RESULTS: In MDP-silane groups, the highest TBS was observed in AB-0.4 after 24 hours and GB-0.4 after thermal-cycling (p < 0.05). In MDP groups, AB groups resulted in the significantly higher TBS than GB groups (p < 0.05). AB-0.4 group showed the highest Sa value compared to all groups (p < 0.005), meanwhile GB groups did not show different Sa compared to control (p > 0.005). CONCLUSION: Air-abrasion with different particle and blasting pressure can improve bonding to zirconia with proper primer selection. Particularly, glass beads abrasion followed by MDP-silane primer and alumina abrasion followed by MDP primer alone provided stable bond strength of resin cement to high-translucent zirconia after aging. High-translucent zirconia abraded with glass beads achieves a desirable bonding performance without creating surface microcracks which may hinder zirconia's mechanical properties.

17.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 29: e20200859, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886942

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Due to its ability to arrest untreated dental caries, silver diamine fluoride (SDF) has been advocated for indirect pulp capping procedures. However, the high concentrations of silver and fluoride in SDF raise concerns about its biocompatibility to pulpal tissues. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of SDF on the viability, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and morphology of pulpal-like cells (RPC-C2A) and to evaluate the influence of reduced glutathione (GSH) on SDF-induced cytotoxicity and deposit formation on dentin. METHODOLOGY: The cytotoxicity of diluted 38% SDF solutions (10-4 and 10-5), with or without the addition of 5 mM or 50 mM GSH, was evaluated at 6 and 24 hours. Cell viability was detected using WST-8 and the effect on ALP activity was performed using an ALP assay kit. Cell morphology was observed using a phase-contrast microscope. Scanning electron microscopy analysis was conducted to evaluate the effect of GSH incorporation or conditioning on SDF-induced deposit formation on dentin discs. Cytotoxicity data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post hoc tests (p<0.05). RESULTS: There were significant differences between the groups. The results demonstrated that all tested SDF dilutions caused a remarkable cytotoxic effect, while the addition of GSH prevented SDF-induced damage at 6-hour exposure time in the higher dilution of SDF. Dentin treated with plain SDF or GSH-incorporated SDF solution showed deposit formation with occluded dentinal tubules, unlike the other groups. CONCLUSION: SDF severely disturbed the viability, mineralization-ability, and morphology of pulpal-like cells, while controlled concentrations of GSH had a short-term protective effect against SDF-induced damage. GSH showed an inhibitory effect on SDF-induced dentinal deposit formation. Further research is warranted to evaluate the effect of GSH on caries-arresting, anti-hypersensitivity, and antibacterial functions of SDF.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Animais , Cariostáticos/toxicidade , Dentina , Fluoretos Tópicos/toxicidade , Glutationa , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Ratos , Compostos de Prata
18.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1073-1079, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883329

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the bonding abilities and long-term durability of different repair agents when applied to lithium disilicate ceramics (LDS). Blocks of IPS e.max CAD were prepared and divided into four groups according to the surface treatment: Monobond Etch & Prime (ME), K-etchant GEL+Clearfil Universal Bond (UB), Bondmer Lightless (BL), and K-etchant GEL+G-Multi Primer (GMP). All treated ceramic specimens were bonded to resin composite and light-cured. The micro-shear bond strength was measured after 24 h of water storage or 5,000 thermocycles. ME and BL showed significantly higher initial bond strengths than UB and GMP (p<0.05). After 5,000 thermocycles, there was no significant difference in ME (p>0.05), but BL and GMP showed considerable reduction in bond strength (p<0.05); moreover, the samples of UB were all de-bonded before testing. ME and BL proved to be effective surface treatment materials for LDS.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície
19.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1086-1093, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883354

RESUMO

In this study, the influence of primer contamination on enamel bonding was analyzed. Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (SMP), CLEARFIL SE Bond 2 (SE2), Scotchbond Universal (SBU) Adhesive, and Scotchbond Etchant (35% phosphoric acid; PA) were used. Ground bovine enamels were divided into eight groups based on the bonding protocols. The bonding interfaces after an acid-base challenge were observed via scanning electron microscopy to determine the acid-base resistant zone (ABRZ). Moreover, the bonding interfaces after the nanoleakage challenge were analyzed via energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. ABRZ was observed in all the samples except PA_ONLY (applied PA etching, No primer and No adhesive resin). The funnel-shaped erosion was detected only in X_SBU (applied SBU without PA etching). The nanoleakage test revealed silver patterns in some groups. The nanoleakage, i.e., the penetration of the silver ions, was detected in the groups wherein primer was applied on PA-pre-etched enamel.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Colagem Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Ácidos Fosfóricos , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
20.
Dent Mater J ; 40(3): 820-826, 2021 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775985

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine whether discoloration of carious dentin after silver-diammine-fluoride (SDF) application might be used as a mean to detect demineralized-dentin. Fourty specimens were obtained from 20 human permanent teeth. Teeth were sectioned through the center of carious lesions to create 2-halves in which each half was assigned to a treatment group. Specimens were divided into two groups (n=20) (each half was assigned to one group) according to solution, namely Caries Check (CC), or SDF. SDF group was subdivided into 2 groups: light-cured and 2-day storage groups. The specimens were tested using light-microscope, microhardness test and SEM/EDS analysis. Repeated-measures ANOVA was used for statistical analysis. The light-microscope showed superficial discoloration in the CC-group while SDF (2-day storage) group showed deeper discoloration for the lesion area. SDF showed significant increase in the hardness compared with the CC-group. SDF showed potentiality to be used as an assisting-tool for caries detection.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluoretos , Amônia , Dentina , Fluoretos Tópicos , Humanos , Compostos de Prata
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