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1.
Eur J Nutr ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35001219

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to clarify the association of soy intake with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in a Chinese population composed of 97,930 participants aged ≥ 40 years old without CVD at baseline in 2011. Habitual soy intake over a period of 12 months was evaluated using a food frequency questionnaire. All participants were classified into four groups based on their soy food consumption levels: < 15, 15-29, 30-59, and ≥ 60 g/day, with the lowest category as the reference group. Follow-up was conducted between 2014 and 2016 to assess CVD incidence and all-cause mortality since baseline, which was collected from the local mortality and disease registers of the National Disease Surveillance Point System and National Health Insurance System. The Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze the relationship of soy intake with later CVD events and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During 350,604 person-years of follow-up (median [interquartile range]: 3.16 [2.98, 4.77] years), 2523 total CVD events and 1473 all-cause mortalities were documented. After controlling for covariates, the hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for total CVD events across increasing soy intake levels were 1.03 (0.93-1.14); 0.96 (0.86-1.07); and 0.86 (0.75-0.98; p for trend = 0.0434), while those for all-cause mortality were 0.88 (0.77-1.02); 0.86 (0.74-1.00); and 0.83 (0.69-0.99; p for trend = 0.0084). CONCLUSION: High soy intake was associated with a reduced risk of total CVD events and all-cause mortality among a Chinese population.

2.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 20: 100350, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35036974

RESUMO

Background: The updated definition of hypertension by the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) is an important paradigm shift and has lead to extensive discussion. We aimed to examine the association between the updated blood pressure (BP) categories and the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) with potential modifications from other cardiovascular health metrics (CVHMs). Methods: This prospective study included 91,204 participants ≥40 years recruited from 20 community sites across mainland China. Participants were followed up during 2010-2016 for CVD events including nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, and cardiovascular death. BP categories were defined according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline and CVHMs included smoking, physical activity, diet, body-mass index, total cholesterol, and fasting glucose. Findings: Overall, 1,985 major CVD events occurred during a mean follow-up of 3.7 years. Having more ideal CVHMs significantly reduced the risk of CVD events in both stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension. Compared with participants without hypertension, participants having ≥4 ideal CVHMs were no longer associated with an increased CVD risk in stage 1 hypertension (HR=1·04; 95% CI=0·83-1·31), but less so in stage 2 hypertension (HR=1·90, 95% CI=1·70-2·13). Such pattern of association was more evident in participants aged <60 years (P for interaction <0·05). Interpretation: Stage 1 hypertension defined by the ACC/AHA identifies individuals at increased CVD risk, which can be attenuated by achieving more preferable cardiovascular health, especially in adults aged <60 years.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Education attainment can improve life expectancy and guide healthy behaviours throughout an entire lifetime. A nationwide longitudinal study of the association of education status with the risk of hypertension and its control in China is lacking. METHODS: The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study is a multicentre, population-based, prospective cohort study. We performed the baseline survey from 2011 to 2012. A follow-up visit was conducted during 2014-2016. 101 959 subjects were included in the final data analyses. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to examine the associations of education levels with the risk of hypertension and uncontrolled hypertension. RESULTS: During follow-up, 11 189 (19.9%) participants had developed hypertension among subjects without hypertension at baseline. Among the participants with hypertension at baseline, only 40.6% had controlled hypertension. Compared with the participants' education level at elementary school and below, the multivariable-adjusted HR for incident hypertension was 0.76 (95% CI, 0.72 to 0.80) in those with a middle school education level and 0.67 (95% CI, 0.63 to 0.70) in those with a high school degree or above. Correspondingly, multivariable-adjusted HRs associated with uncontrolled hypertension were 0.90 (95% CI, 0.87 to 0.92) in participants with a middle school education level and 0.85 (95% CI, 0.82 to 0.88) in participants with a high school degree or above level. CONCLUSION: Participants with education attainment at elementary school and below exhibited excess risks of newly diagnosed hypertension and worse blood pressure control compared with individuals with education attainment at middle school or above.

4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 7080, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34873153

RESUMO

Males are generally more susceptible to impaired glucose metabolism and type 2 diabetes (T2D) than females. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be determined. Here, we revealed that gut microbiome depletion abolished sexual dimorphism in glucose metabolism. The transfer of male donor microbiota into antibiotics-treated female mice led the recipients to be more insulin resistant. Depleting androgen via castration changed the gut microbiome of male mice to be more similar to that of females and improved glucose metabolism, while reintroducing dihydrotestosterone (DHT) reversed these alterations. More importantly, the effects of androgen on glucose metabolism were largely abolished when the gut microbiome was depleted. Next, we demonstrated that androgen modulated circulating glutamine and glutamine/glutamate (Gln/Glu) ratio partially depending on the gut microbiome, and glutamine supplementation increases insulin sensitivity in vitro. Our study identifies the effects of androgen in deteriorating glucose homeostasis partially by modulating the gut microbiome and circulating glutamine and Gln/Glu ratio, thereby contributing to the difference in glucose metabolism between the two sexes.

5.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 769120, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34966358

RESUMO

Aim: We aimed to detect the individual and combined effect of glucose metabolic components on cognitive function in particular domains among older adults. Methods: Data of 2,925 adults aged over 60 years from the 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Individuals' cognitive function was evaluated using the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST), the Animal Fluency Test (AF), the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Immediate Recall (CERAD-IR), and CERAD Delayed Recall (CERAD-DR). Participants' glucose metabolic health status was determined based on fasting plasma glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and 2-h postload glucose. Linear regression models were used to delineate the associations of cognitive function with individual glucose metabolic component and with metformin use. Logistic regression models were performed to evaluate the associations of cognition with the number of glucose metabolic risk components. Results: CERAD-IR was significantly associated with HOMA-IR and insulin. HbA1c was related to all the cognitive tests except AF. Among participants without obesity, HOMA-IR and insulin were both negatively associated with CERAD-IR and CERAD-DR. Odds of scoring low in DSST increased with the number of glucose metabolic risk components (odds ratio 1.94, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.26 to 2.98). Metformin use was associated with better performance in DSST among diabetes patients (ß = 4.184, 95% CI 1.655 to 6.713). Conclusions: Our findings support the associations of insulin resistance and glycemic level with cognitive function in key domains, especially among adults without obesity. There is a positive association between metformin use and cognition.

6.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum electrolytes were found to associate with type 2 diabetes. Our study aimed to stratify nondiabetes by clusters based on multiple serum electrolytes and evaluate their associations with risk of developing diabetes and longitudinal changes in glucose and lipid metabolic traits. METHODS: We performed a data-driven cluster analysis in 4937 nondiabetes individuals aged ≥40 years at baseline from a cohort follow-up for an average of 4.4 years. Cluster analysis was based on seven commonly measured serum electrolytes (iron, chlorine, magnesium, sodium, potassium, calcium, and phosphorus) by using the k-means method. RESULTS: A total of 4937 nondiabetes individuals were classified into three distinct clusters, with 1635 (33.1%) assigned to Cluster A, 1490 (30.2%) to Cluster B, and 1812 (36.7%) to Cluster C. Individuals in Cluster A had higher serum chlorine, were older, and more were women. Individuals in Cluster B had higher serum iron and body mass index (BMI). Individuals in Cluster C had higher serum phosphorus, were younger, and had lower BMI. Cluster B had 1.41-fold higher risk of developing diabetes and Cluster C's risk was 1.33-fold higher compared with Cluster A. Over an average follow-up of 4.4 years, Cluster A showed a moderate and stable BMI, Cluster B showed an accelerated deterioration in glucose metabolism, and Cluster C showed the most sharply increased serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. CONCLUSIONS: Clusters based on seven common serum electrolytes differed in diabetes risk and progression of glucose and lipid metabolic traits. Serum electrolytes clusters could provide a powerful tool to differentiate individuals into different risk stratification for developing type 2 diabetes.

7.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 540: 111506, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801668

RESUMO

MicroRNAs are crucial regulators for the development, mass and function of pancreatic ß-cells. MiRNA dysregulation is associated with ß-cell dysfunction and development of diabetes. The members of let7 family are important players in regulating cellular growth and metabolism. In this study we investigated the functional role of let7b-5p in the mouse pancreatic ß-cells. We generated pancreatic ß-cell-specific let7b-5p transgenic mouse model and analyzed the glucose metabolic phenotype, ß-cells mass and insulin secretion in vivo. Luciferase reporter assay, immunofluorescence staining and western blot were carried out to study the target genes of let7b-5p in ß-cells. Let7b-5p overexpression impaired the insulin production and secretion of ß-cells and resulted impaired glucose tolerance in mice. The overexpressed let7b-5p inhibited pancreatic ß-cell proliferation and decreased the expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin D2. Our findings demonstrated that let7b-5p was critical in regulating the proliferation and insulin secretion of pancreatic ß-cells.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792202

RESUMO

Biomarkers for early detection of pancreatic cancer are in urgent need. To explore systematic circulating metabolites unbalance and identify potential biomarkers for pancreatic cancer in prospective Chinese cohorts, we conducted an untargeted metabolomics study in subjects with incident pancreatic cancer and matched controls (n = 192) from the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) Study. We characterized 998 metabolites in baseline serum and calculated 156 product-to-precursor ratios based on the KEGG database. The identified metabolic profiling revealed systematic metabolic network disorders before pancreatic cancer diagnosis. Forty-Five metabolites or product-to-precursor ratios showed significant associations with pancreatic cancer (P < .05 and FDR < 0.1), revealing abnormal metabolism of amino acids (especially alanine, aspartate and glutamate), lipids (especially steroid hormones), vitamins, nucleotides and peptides. A novel metabolite panel containing aspartate/alanine (OR [95% CI]: 1.97 [1.31-2.94]), androstenediol monosulfate (0.69 [0.49-0.97]) and glycylvaline (1.68 [1.04-2.70]) was significantly associated with risk of pancreatic cancer. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) was improved from 0.573 (reference model of CA 19-9) to 0.721. The novel metabolite panel was validated in an independent cohort with AUC improved from 0.529 to 0.661. These biomarkers may have a potential value in early detection of pancreatic cancer.

9.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 34(10): 761-772, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782043

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to examine the association of visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Shanghai community residents. Methods: We used data from a cohort study of community residents who participated in three examinations in 2008, 2009, and 2013, respectively. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level, blood pressure (BP), and lipid levels were determined in 2,109 participants at all three visits, and CKD was evaluated between the second and the third visits. Visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were described by coefficients of variation (CV) at three visits. A variability score was calculated by adding the numbers of metabolic factors with a high variability defined as the highest quartile of CV. CKD was defined as the estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m 2 or urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio ≥ 30 mg/g. Results: A total of 200 (9.5%) participants had CKD at the third visit. Compared with the lowest quartile of CV, the highest quartile was associated with a 70% increased risk of CKD for FPG [odds ratio, OR = 1.70; 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.06-2.72], 62% for systolic BP ( OR = 1.62, 95% CI 1.04-2.50), and 85% for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( OR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.23-2.80). Furthermore, the risk of CKD increased significantly with an increasing variability score. Compared with participants with score 0, participants with scores of 1, 2, and 3 were associated with 58% ( OR = 1.58, 95% CI 1.08-2.32), 121% ( OR = 2.21, 95% CI 1.40-3.49), and 548% ( OR = 6.48, 95% CI 3.18-13.21) higher risks of CKD, respectively. Conclusion: The visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were significantly associated with the risks of CKD in Shanghai community residents.

10.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 711540, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603201

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and arterial stiffness in Chinese adults. Methods: We performed a cohort study involving 2002 Chinese adults with no history of myocardial infarction or stroke. All the participants attended three visits (the baseline visit in 2008, the 2nd visit in 2009 and the 3rd visit in 2013). We used four measures to define the VVV of FPG across the three visits: the standard deviation (SD), the coefficient of variation (CV), the average successive variability (ASV) and the variability independent of the mean (VIM). We used brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV) to measure arterial stiffness at the 2nd and the 3rd visits. Results: Compared with the lowest tertile of all the four measurements of VVV of FPG, significantly increased levels of ba-PWV change, ratio of ba-PWV change and the occurrence of the elevated ba-PWV were found in the highest tertile. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) comparing participants in the highest tertile vs. the lowest tertile of FPG-SD was 1.37 (1.01-1.86) for risks of having elevated ba-PWV, even after adjustment for covariates including the mean FPG. Similar results were found for FPG-CV and FPG-VIM. Conclusion: Greater long-term variability of FPG was associated with an increased risk of arterial stiffness, suggesting that the VVV of FPG could be used for an early detection of subclinical atherosclerosis.

11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 717069, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671316

RESUMO

Objectives: Nationwide studies focusing on the impact of early-onset type 2 diabetes and obesity on the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are limited in China. We aimed to investigate the association between age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and the risk of CVD, and to further examine the modifying effect of obesity on this association among Chinese adults. Methods: This study included 23,961 participants with previously diagnosed diabetes from a large nationwide population-based cohort study across mainland China. With an interviewer-assisted questionnaire, we collected detailed information on CVDs. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk of CVDs associated with age at diagnosis of diabetes. Results: Compared with patients with late-onset diabetes (≥60 years), those with earlier-onset diabetes had increased risks for CVD, with adjusted ORs (95% CIs) of 1.72 (1.36-2.17), 1.52 (1.31-1.75) and 1.33 (1.19-1.48) for patients diagnosed aged <40, 40-49 and 50-59 years, respectively. Each 5-year earlier age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes was significantly associated with 14% increased risk of CVD (OR, 1.14; 95%CI, 1.11-1.18). This association was more prominent for patients with obesity than those with normal body mass index (BMI). Significant interaction was detected between age at diagnosis and BMI categories on CVD risk (P for interaction=0.0457). Conclusion: Early-onset type 2 diabetes was significantly associated with higher risk of CVD, and this association was more prominent among patients with obesity.

12.
Metabolism ; 124: 154874, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517014

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to evaluate the effect of NAFLD on the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)-based chronic kidney disease (CKD), and further test the joint effects and interactions between NAFLD status and individual metabolic element, as well as the total 'ABCs' metabolic goal achievement, on the CVD and CKD risk among 101,296 patients with prediabetes or diabetes from a prospective cohort study. METHODS: We conducted the study based on the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) study, a large-scale, population-based prospective cohort. After excluding alcohol abuse and other cause of hepatic diseases, we used fatty liver index (FLI) ≥ 60 as a proxy of NAFLD and stratified the probability of fibrosis by aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase ratio (AAR) with cut-offs of 0.8 and 1.4. 'ABCs' metabolic goal was defined as subjects who had HbA1c < 6.5% (A), SBP/DBP < 130/80 mmHg (B), and LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (C). During 3.8 years follow-up, we validated 2340 CVD events based on medical records and identified 1943 participants developed CKD based on centrally tested eGFR. RESULTS: The multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.15 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.05-1.27) for CVD events and 1.33 (95% CI, 1.20-1.48) for CKD among NAFLD patients, compared with participants without NAFLD. Of NAFLD patients, relative to individuals with low AAR (<0.8), those with high AAR (≥1.4) were more likely to experience CVD events [1.62 (1.21-2.18)] and CKD [1.63 (1.17-2.28)]. Participants with NAFLD and comorbid poorly controlled metabolic risk factors had higher risk of CVD events or CKD than having either alone, with a significant interaction between poor glycemic control and NAFLD on the risk of vascular complications. CONCLUSIONS: NAFLD was associated with incident CVD and CKD among patients with prediabetes or diabetes. Such associations were substantially modified by the comprehensive achievement of metabolic goal.

13.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(9): e2122607, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477854

RESUMO

Importance: Delayed healing of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) is known to be caused by dysregulated M1/M2-type macrophages, and restoring the balance between these macrophage types plays a critical role in healing. However, drugs used to regulate M1/M2 macrophages have not yet been studied in large randomized clinical trials. Objective: To compare the topical application of ON101 cream with use of an absorbent dressing (Hydrofiber; ConvaTec Ltd) when treating DFUs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter, evaluator-blinded, phase 3 randomized clinical trial was performed in 21 clinical and medical centers across the US, China, and Taiwan from November 23, 2012, to May 11, 2020. Eligible patients with debrided DFUs of 1 to 25 cm2 present for at least 4 weeks and with Wagner grade 1 or 2 were randomized 1:1 to receive ON101 or control absorbent dressings. Interventions: Twice-daily applications of ON101 or a absorbent dressing changed once daily or 2 to 3 times a week for 16 weeks, with a 12-week follow-up. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the incidence of complete healing, defined as complete re-epithelialization at 2 consecutive visits during the treatment period assessed on the full-analysis set (FAS) of all participants with postrandomization data collected. Safety outcomes included assessment of the incidences of adverse events, clinical laboratory values, and vital signs. Results: In the FAS, 236 eligible patients (175 men [74.2%]; mean [SD] age, 57.0 [10.9] years; mean [SD] glycated hemoglobin level, 8.1% [1.6%]) with DFUs classified as Wagner grade 1 or 2 (mean [SD] ulcer area, 4.8 [4.4] cm2) were randomized to receive either the ON101 cream (n = 122) or the absorbent dressing (n = 114) for as long as 16 weeks. The incidence of complete healing in the FAS included 74 patients (60.7%) in the ON101 group and 40 (35.1%) in the comparator group during the 16-week treatment period (difference, 25.6 percentage points; odds ratio, 2.84; 95% CI, 1.66-4.84; P < .001). A total of 7 (5.7%) treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in the ON101 group vs 5 (4.4%) in the comparator group. No treatment-related serious adverse events occurred in the ON101 group vs 1 (0.9%) in the comparator group. Conclusions and Relevance: In this multicenter randomized clinical trial, ON101 exhibited better healing efficacy than absorbent dressing alone in the treatment of DFUs and showed consistent efficacy among all patients, including those with DFU-related risk factors (glycated hemoglobin level, ≥9%; ulcer area, >5 cm2; and DFU duration, ≥6 months). Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01898923.

16.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1867(12): 166261, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455055

RESUMO

Rapamycin insensitive companion of mechanistic target of Rapamycin (Rictor), the key component of mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2), controls both ß-cell proliferation and function. We sought to study whether long chain acyl-CoA synthetase 4 (Acsl4) worked downstream of Rictor/mTORC2 to maintain ß-cell functional mass. We found Acsl4 was positively regulated by Rictor at transcriptional and posttranslational levels in mouse ß-cell. Infecting adenovirus expressing Acsl4 in ß-cell-specific-Rictor-knockout (ßRicKO) islets and Min6 cells knocking down Rictor with lentivirus-expressing siRNA-oligos targeting Rictor(siRic), recovered the ß-cell dysplasia but not dysfunction. Cell bioenergetic experiment performed with Seahorse XF showed that Acsl4 could not rescue the dampened glucose oxidation in Rictor-lacking ß-cell, but further promoted lipid oxidation. Transposase-Accessible Chromatin (ATAC) and H3K27Ac chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) sequencing studies reflected the epigenetic elevated molecular signature for ß-cell dedifferentiation and mitigated oxidative defense/response. These results were confirmed by the observations of elevated acetylation and ubiquitination of FoxO1, increased protein levels of Gpx1 and Hif1an, excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and diminished MafA in Acsl4 overexpressed Rictor-lacking ß-cells. In these cells, antioxidant treatment significantly recovered MafA level and insulin content. Inducing lipid oxidation alone could not mimic the effect of Acsl4 in Rictor lacking ß-cell. Our study suggested that Acsl4 function in ß-cell was context dependent and might facilitate ß-cell dedifferentiation with attenuated Rictor/mTORC2 activity or insulin signaling via posttranslational inhibiting FoxO1 and epigenetically enhancing ROS induced MafA degradation.

17.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415111
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448477

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Observational studies have associated obesity with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and arterial stiffness, but the causality remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the causality of obesity with CKD and arterial stiffness using Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. METHODS: We genotyped 14 body mass index (BMI)-associated variants validated in East Asians in 11384 Chinese adults. A genetic risk score based on the 14 variants and the 14 individual single nucleotide polymorphisms were respectively used as instrumental variables (IVs). CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m 2. Arterial stiffness was defined as brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity >1550 cm/s. RESULTS: Using the genetic risk score as the IV, we demonstrated causal relations of each 1-standard deviation increment in BMI with CKD (odds ratio [OR]: 2.36; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11-5.00) and arterial stiffness (OR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.22-2.39). Using the 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms individually as IVs, each 1-standard deviation increment in BMI casually associated with CKD (OR: 2.58; 95% CI: 1.39-4.79) and arterial stiffness (OR: 1.87; 95% CI: 1.24-2.81) in the inverse-variance weighted analysis, and MR-Egger regression revealed no evidence of horizontal pleiotropy (Both P for intercept≥0.34). The causality between obesity and CKD was validated in two-sample MR analysis among Europeans (681275 of Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits and 133413 of CKD Genetics). CONCLUSIONS: This study provided novel insights into causality of obesity with CKD and arterial stiffness, highlighting the importance of weight management for primary prevention and control of subclinical vascular diseases.

19.
J Diabetes ; 13(12): 949-959, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational hyperglycemia increases the risk of diabetes in later life. However, the risk of future cardiovascular diseases (CVD) related to gestational hyperglycemia remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of gestational hyperglycemia on the subsequent risk of CVD and its modifying factors among elderly Chinese women. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of elderly women from the baseline survey of Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal (REACTION) study. Women with gestational hyperglycemia (n = 82), and controls matched by age and study site (n = 410) were included. Information on CVD, including reported coronary heart disease, stroke, or myocardial infarction, was collected through an interviewer-assisted questionnaire. RESULTS: Women with gestational hyperglycemia were more likely to develop diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50-4.18) and CVD (OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.05-3.74). Even without progressing to type 2 diabetes, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD (OR, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.18-7.00). However, subgroup analysis indicated that compared with those without gestational hyperglycemia or hypertension, women with both gestational hyperglycemia and hypertension had higher risk of CVD (OR, 3.98; 95% CI, 1.65-9.58), whereas the risk estimate did not significantly change in women with gestational hyperglycemia alone (OR, 2.15; 95% CI, 0.71-6.57). Stratified analysis indicated that among those with overweight/obesity, inactive physical activity, or unhealthy dietary habits, gestational hyperglycemia increased the risk of CVD. CONCLUSIONS: In elderly Chinese women, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD in later life. This association was independent of the progression to diabetes and might be modified by lifestyle factors and hypertension.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between individual and combined cardiometabolic morbidities and incident cardiovascular events in Chinese adults. DESIGN: A prospective, nationwide, and population-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 133572 participants aged ≥ 40 years were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. RESULTS: Compared with participants without diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia, participants with only diabetes (hazard ratio [HR], 1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32-1.90) or only hypertension (2.04; 1.82-2.28) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD events, while participants with only dyslipidemia (0.97; 0.84-1.12) exhibited no significantly higher risk for CVD events. When analyzed collectively, participants with diabetes plus hypertension (HR, 2.67; 95%CI, 2.33-3.06), diabetes plus dyslipidemia (1.57; 1.32-1.87), and hypertension plus dyslipidemia (2.12; 1.88-2.39) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD. Moreover, participants with the combination of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia exhibited the highest risk for CVD events (HR, 3.06; 95%CI, 2.71-3.46). Multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for CVD associated with diabetes based on fasting glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, oral glucose tolerance test-2h glucose ≥11.1 mmol/L, and hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% were 1.64 (1.51-1.78), 1.57 (1.45-1.69), and 1.54 (1.42-1.66), respectively; associated with hypertension based on systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg were 1.89 (1.76-2.03) and 1.74 (1.60-1.88), respectively; associated with dyslipidemia based on total cholesterol ≥6.22 mmol/L, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥4.14 mmol/L, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol <1.04 mmol/L, and triglycerides ≥2.26 mmol/L were 1.18 (1.08-1.30), 1.30 (1.17-1.44), 1.00 (0.92-1.09), and 1.10 (1.01-1.20), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia showed additive associations with the risk of CVD events in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults.

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