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1.
Oncol Lett ; 18(6): 6126-6142, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788087

RESUMO

The prognostic value and molecular mechanism of microRNA-100-5p (miR-100-5p) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still unclear. To explore the prognostic value and the mechanism of miR-100-5p in HCC, the present study analyzed the results of 18 previous studies and bioinformatic datasets. The clinical significance of miR-100-5p and its targets in HCC were investigated using The Cancer Genome Atlas and the Gene Expression Omnibus, as well as relevant literature. In total, 12 online tools were used to predict the target genes of miR-100-5p. Bioinformatics analysis and Spearman correlation analysis were performed, and genomic alterations of the hub genes were evaluated. A meta-analysis with 1,258 samples revealed that miR-100-5p was significantly downregulated in HCC [standard mean difference (SMD), -0.94; 95% confidence interval (CI), -1.14 to -0.74; I2, 35.2%]. Lower miR-100-5p expression was associated with poorer clinical characteristics and a poorer prognosis for patients with HCC. Additionally, bioinformatics analysis revealed that the 'regulation of transcription', 'chromatin remodeling complex', 'transcription regulator activity', 'pathways in cancer' and 'heparan sulfate biosynthesis' were the most enriched terms. Furthermore, expression of histone deacetylase (HDAC)2, HDAC3, SHC-transforming protein 1 (SHC1), Ras-related protein Rac1 (RAC1) and E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase CBL (CBL) was negatively correlated with miR-100-5p expression. Among these, upregulated HDAC2 [hazard ratio (HR), 1.910; 95% CI, 1.309-2.787; P=0.0007], HDAC3 (HR, 1.474; 95% CI, 1.012-2.146; P=0.0435), SHC1 (HR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.043-2.215; P=0.0281) and RAC1 (HR, 1.817; 95% CI, 1.248-2.645; P=0.0022) were associated with shorter survival. Alterations in HDAC2, SHC1, RAC1 and IGF1R were linked with a poorer outcome for HCC, and alternative splicing of SHC and RAC1 were significantly decreased and increased in HCC, respectively. In summary, the downregulation of miR-100-5p may be involved in the progression and prognosis of HCC. The upregulation of HDAC2, HDAC3, SHC1 and RAC1 may indicate a poorer survival rate for patients with HCC. Thus, miR-100-5p and these 4 potential target genes may provide novel therapeutic targets and prognostic predictors for patients with HCC.

2.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis ; 79(1): 102-7, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24629577

RESUMO

The diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) ascites using standard diagnostic tools is difficult. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to establish the overall diagnostic accuracy of adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels in ascites for diagnosing TB ascites. A systematic review was performed of English language publications prior to April 2013. Sensitivity, specificity, and other measures of the accuracy of ADA for the diagnosis of TB ascites using ascites fluid were summarized using a random-effects model or a fixed-effects model. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to summarize overall test performance. Seventeen studies involving 1797 subjects were eligible for the analysis. The summary estimates of sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, diagnostic odds ratio, and the area under cure of overall analysis were: 0.93, 0.94, 13.55, 0.11, 169.83, and 0.976, respectively; the results of sensitivity analysis of studies that used Giusti method were 0.94, 0.94, 12.99, 0.08, 183.18, and 0.977, respectively. Our results suggest that ADA in the ascites can be a sensitive and specific target and a critical criterion for the diagnosis of TB ascites.


Assuntos
Adenosina Desaminase/análise , Líquido Ascítico/química , Peritonite Tuberculosa/diagnóstico , Peritonite Tuberculosa/enzimologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
3.
Hepatogastroenterology ; 59(120): 2576-81, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22591680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effect of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication on blood ammonia levels in cirrhotic patients is still controversial. We aimed to clarify this effect by performing a quantitative meta-analysis of published studies. METHODOLOGY: We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane library for studies which explored the effect of H. pylori eradication on blood ammonia levels in cirrhotic patients before March 2012. A random-effects meta-analysis was performed. RESULTS: Nine studies (five non-randomized control studies and four before-after studies) involved in 699 cirrhotic patients who were given H. pylori eradication eligible to our analysis. The before-after studies suggested that H. pylori eradication can significantly reduce the blood ammonia levels in cirrhotic patients (SMD=0.32, 95%CI=0.11-0.53, 12=39.6%). After included five non-randomized control studies,the overall results suggested that H. pylori eradication can not reduce the blood ammonia levels in cirrhotic patients (SMD=-0.36, 95% CI=-0.83-0.11) and with significant heterogeneity (1=89.3%). Subgroup analysis suggested that the no effect was found between Caucasian and Asian ethnicity and between cirrhotic patients with Child-Pugh class B/C <70% and >70%. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of eradication of H. pylori on blood ammonia levels in cirrhotic patients is mainly caused by the non-specific effect of antibiotics regardless of patients' ethnicity and impairment of liver function. However, due to limited studies available and low methodological quality that marked by high risks of bias, our study should be interpreted cautiously.


Assuntos
Amônia/sangue , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Viés , Biomarcadores/sangue , Regulação para Baixo , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/etnologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/etnologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
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