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1.
Eur J Med Chem ; 226: 113864, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626877

RESUMO

Pathogenic bacteria use an intercellular chemical communication system called quorum sensing (QS) to control the expression of cellular functions such as virulence factors, biofilm formation, toxin production, and antibiotic resistance in a manner that is highly dependent on population density. Hence, since the emergence of QS, there has been a great interest in exploiting the QS mechanism as a new drug target. Therefore, blocking the QS mechanism can be an effective strategy to control infection and solve the problem of drug resistance. So far, there is no clinically approved anti-QS drug that can disable the circuits of QS systems. This review discusses the quorum-sensing network systems and novel anti-QS inhibitors in some Gram-negative bacteria.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105273, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474304

RESUMO

The ubiquitin-specific protease 7 (USP7)-murine double minute 2 (MDM2)-p53 network plays an important role in the regulation of p53, a tumor suppressor which plays critical roles in regulating cell growth, proliferation, cell cycle progression, apoptosis and immune response. The overexpression of USP7 and MDM2 in human cancers contributes to cancer initiation and progression, and their inhibition reactivates p53 signalings and causes cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Herein, the current state of pharmacological characterization, potential applications in cancer treatment and mechanism of action of small molecules used to target and inhibit MDM2 and USP7 proteins are highlighted, along with the outcomes in clinical and preclinical settings. Moreover, challenges and advantages of these strategies, as well as perspectives in USP7-MDM2-p53 field are analyzed in detail. The investigation and application of MDM2 and USP7 inhibitors will deepen our understanding of the function of USP7-MDM2-p53 network, and feed in the development of effective and safe cancer therapies where USP7-MDM2-p53 network is implicated.

3.
Drug Discov Today ; 26(2): 490-502, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157193

RESUMO

Human ubiquitin-specific protease 7 (USP7) is a deubiquitinating enzyme that removes the ubiquitin (Ub) protein and spares substrates from degradation. Given its regulation of proteins involved in several cellular processes, abnormal expression and activity of USP7 are associated with several types of disease, including cancer. In this review, we summarize the developments in our understanding of USP7 over the past 5 years, focusing on its role in related cancers. Furthermore, we discuss clinical studies of USP7, including in vivo and pharmacological studies, as well as the development of USP7 inhibitors. A comprehensive understanding of USP7 will expand our knowledge of the structure and function of USP7-mediated signaling and shed light on drug discovery for different diseases in which USP7 is implicated.

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