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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398301

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation contributes to tumor development by creating a local microenvironment that facilitates neoplastic transformation and potentiates the progression of cancer. Esophageal cancer (EC) is an inflammation-associated malignancy with a poor prognosis. The nature of the switch between chronic inflammation of the esophagus and EC-related immunological changes remains unclear. Here, we examined the dynamic alterations of immune cells at different stages of chronic esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus (BE) and EC using an esophageal spontaneous carcinogenesis rat model. We also investigated the anticancer effects of metformin. To stimulate EC carcinogenesis, chronic gastroduodenal reflux esophagitis via esophagojejunostomy was induced in 120 rats in metformin-treated and non-treated (control) groups. After 40 weeks, BE and EC developed in 96.7% and 63.3% of the control group, and in 66.7% and 23.3% of the metformin-treated group, respectively. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the balance of M1/M2-polarized or phospho-Stat3-positive macrophages, regulatory T, cytotoxic T, natural killer (NK), NK T cells, and Th17 T cells was dynamically changed at each stage of the disease and were resolved by metformin treatment. These findings clarify the immunity in esophageal carcinogenesis and suggest that metformin could suppress this disease by improving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and immune evasion.

3.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 9: 2050313X211012511, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34017592

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. The major site of metastasis for gastrointestinal stromal tumors is the liver or peritoneum, while metastasis to the ovary is exceptionally rare. A 53-year-old woman visited the hospital for bloating and anorexia and was diagnosed with a huge gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor and peritoneal metastasis in the pelvis on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and abdominal enhanced computed tomography. After administration of imatinib, the tumor was significantly reduced, and we performed laparoscopic pelvic tumor resection and open proximal gastrectomy with transverse colectomy. Intraoperatively, the pelvic tumor was found to be an ovarian tumor. Microscopic examination confirmed a gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor with ovarian metastasis. In conclusion, we experienced a rare case of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor with ovarian metastasis. Preoperative administration of imatinib was successful and radical resection was achieved. Although pelvic tumors are difficult to differentiate preoperatively, the possibility of ovarian metastasis from gastrointestinal stromal tumor should be considered.

4.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(4): 581-583, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976055

RESUMO

The patient was a 61‒year‒old man who had an advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination. After chemotherapy, intraoperative findings during a total gastrectomy revealed the disappearance of the dissemination nodules. Although adjuvant chemotherapy was performed, the presence of massive ascites led to the recurrence of the peritoneal dissemination 5 months after the surgery. While the chemotherapy regimen was altered, we observed no reduction in malignant ascites. The patient complained of abdominal distention and was admitted to our hospital for symptom management. We performed a cell‒free and concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy(CART)several times. However, symptom management proved difficult; therefore, the patient underwent a peritoneovenous shunt(Denver shunt)placement. After the shunting, we observed no organ injury and improved abdominal distention; however, an asymptomatic coagulopathy was present in the course. Additionally, blood examinations showed increased FDP‒DD and thrombin‒antithrombin complex(TAT). However, 6 months after the shunting, coagulopathy improved and the patient reported the absence of abdominal distention. This report describes a patient with an asymptomatic coagulopathy after Denver shunt placement and evaluated the clinical course by using TAT values.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Peritoneais , Derivação Peritoneovenosa , Neoplasias Gástricas , Ascite/etiologia , Ascite/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
5.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(3): 449-451, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790184

RESUMO

Although radiation therapy for pelvic cancer leads to improved outcomes, it may cause radiation enteritis. Radiation enteritis is classified as early and late reaction. Late reaction indicate progressive and irreversible changes caused by ischemic changes of the intestinal mucosa. Severe cases require a surgical treatment, which is challenging because of severe adhesions and a high risk of suture failure. In addition, the postoperative course may be unfavorable in some cases. We performed surgery for 4 radiation enteritis cases; however, the postoperative course was unfavorable in 2 cases because of impaired absorption and ileus of the remaining short bowel. These patients could not eat adequately after discharge; therefore, we needed to explain and make them understand the benefits and disadvantages of radiation therapy.


Assuntos
Enterite , Obstrução Intestinal , Neoplasias Pélvicas , Lesões por Radiação , Enterite/etiologia , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia
6.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 4(5): e1389, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and other immune cells have been reported as a prognostic factor in several tumors, including gastric cancer, and they play an important role in antitumor effect at the primary site. There were few reports on the immune status in peritoneal metastatic lesions for gastric cancer. AIMS: The aims of this study were to assess the prognostic significance of TILs (CD4, CD8, CD19, regulatory T cells [Tregs]), and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in peritoneal metastatic lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 60 patients for gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis who were treated between 2009 and 2016 in our institute. Immunohistochemistry for CD4, CD8, CD19, FOXP3, and CD33 was performed in the peritoneal metastatic lesions. The absolute numbers of immune cells and ratios were evaluated, and the relationship between immune-related marker and overall survival (OS) was investigated. RESULTS: A high infiltration of CD8+ lymphocytes or high CD8/CD33 ratio was a better prognosis for OS in univariate analysis using all immunologic variables (P = .012, P = .001). In multivariate analysis for clinical and immunologic variables, high CD8/CD33 ratio was identified as an independent prognostic factor for OS (Hazard ratio: 0.291, 95% confidence interval: 0.126-0.670, P = .004). CONCLUSION: High CD8/CD33 ratio and high infiltration of CD8+ lymphocytes in peritoneal metastatic lesions were favorable prognoses for gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis. It is necessary to modify the immune microenvironment result to increase the level of CD8+ lymphocytes in the peritoneal metastatic lesions.

7.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 14(2): 26, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414907

RESUMO

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has become a standard treatment for borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The present study examined the maximum tolerated dose of NAC with gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GnP) in patients with resectable PDAC. Between 2015 and 2019, 39 patients with resectable PDAC were enrolled in the present study. GnP was administered for two 28-day cycles on days 1, 8 and 15. The planned doses for levels 1, 2 and 3 were 75, 100 and 125 mg/m2, respectively, for nab-paclitaxel and 600, 800 and 1,000 mg/m2, respectively, for gemcitabine. Dose-limiting toxicity (neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia and/or liver injury) was observed in 44.4% of patients treated at dose level 1 (21 patients) and 60.0% of those treated at dose level 2 (18 patients). Therefore, the maximum tolerated dose was set as level 1. Six patients withdrew from protocol treatment because of non-hematologic adverse events (skin rash, pancreatitis and biliary tract infection). Among the 31 patients with pathologically confirmed PDAC, partial response, stable disease and disease progression were recorded in 4 (12.9%), 24 (77.4%) and 3 (9.7%) patients, respectively. NAC significantly reduced tumor size according to computed tomography, and CA19-9 levels and the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose maximum standardized uptake value were decreased in positron emission tomography. No postoperative complications attributable to NAC were recognized. Among the 27 patients with PDAC who underwent resection, the pathological treatment effect was judged as grades Ia, Ib and II in 21 (77.8%), 4 (14.8%) and 2 (7.4%) patients, respectively. R0 resection was performed in 24 out of 27 patients (88.9%). Adjuvant chemotherapy with oral S-1 was administered to 21 out of 27 patients (77.8%). In conclusion, NAC with GnP was safe and feasible for resectable PDAC at dose level 1. In the future, verification of the long-term results of the present study will be necessary, and a phase II clinical trial is anticipated.

8.
Esophagus ; 18(3): 482-488, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On the introduction of robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy (RATE), we refined the robotic system application to enhance our surgical experience obtained through thoracoscopic esophagectomy (TE) in the lateral decubitus position (LDP). Herein, we evaluate our methods introduced to optimize RATE in the LDP. METHODS: We performed RATE in the LDP with camera rotation and manual hand control assignment to reproduce the surgical view and manipulation of open esophagectomy. Forty patients underwent RATE between July 2018 and August 2020. After the initial 30 cases (initial RATE group), we optimized the port arrangement and robot settings in the most recent ten cases (recent RATE group). The surgical results of RATE were compared with those of 30 patients underwent TE between April 2014 and May 2019 selected by propensity score-matched analysis based on cStage (TE group). RESULTS: Operative duration was significantly longer in the initial RATE group than the TE group and the recent RATE group. Thoracic blood loss was significantly less in the initial RATE group than the TE group. Console time was significantly shorter in the recent RATE group than the initial RATE group. There was no surgical mortality in RATE and the surgical morbidity rate was similar in the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Camera rotation and manual hand control assignment during RATE in the LDP reproduced the surgical view and manipulation of open esophagectomy and TE in the LDP. The robotic platform enabled meticulous dissection and reduced blood loss, but was initially time-consuming. Optimization of the port arrangement minimized operative duration.

9.
Gastric Cancer ; 24(1): 31-44, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is pro-inflammatory cytokine and acts as profibrotic factor in the fibrosis of various organs. Fibrosis tumor-like peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer interferes with drug delivery and immune cell infiltration because of its high internal pressure. In this study, we examined the relationship between IL-17A and tissue fibrosis in peritoneal dissemination and elucidated the mechanism of fibrosis induced by IL-17A using human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) and a mouse xenograft model. METHODS: Seventy gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination were evaluated. The correlation between IL-17A and fibrosis was examined by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. A fibrosis tumor model was developed based on subcutaneous transplantation of co-cultured cells (HPMCs and human gastric cancer cell line MKN-45) into the dorsal side of nude mice. Mice were subsequently treated with or without IL-17A. We also examined the effect of IL-17A on HPMCs in vitro. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between IL-17A expression, the number of mast cell tryptase (MCT)-positive cells, and the degree of fibrosis (r = 0.417, P < 0.01). In the mouse model, IL-17A enhanced tumor progression and fibrosis. HPMCs treated with IL-17A revealed changes to a spindle-like morphology, decreased E-cadherin expression, and increased α-SMA expression through STAT3 phosphorylation. Moreover, HPMCs treated with IL-17A showed increased migration. CONCLUSIONS: IL-17A derived from mast cells contributes to tumor fibrosis in peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer. Inhibiting degranulation of mast cells might be a promising treatment strategy to control organ fibrosis.

10.
Esophagus ; 18(3): 645-654, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salvage photodynamic therapy with talaporfin sodium has a high local control rate for esophageal cancer after definitive chemoradiotherapy. The eligibility criteria for photodynamic therapy include the absence of invasion to the cervical esophagus and a 3 cm maximum longitudinal lesion length. There is little evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of lesions outside the eligibility criteria. This retrospective cohort study evaluated the efficacy and safety of photodynamic therapy of such lesions. METHODS: Patients with consecutive lesions between February 2016 and May 2020 (n = 36) were enrolled. The local complete response rates and adverse events were compared between patients with cervical and non-cervical lesions and those with lesions larger and smaller than 3 cm. RESULTS: The local complete response rate was 77.8% and was significantly lower in cervical than in non-cervical lesions (20.0% vs 80.6%, p = 0.005). Esophageal stricture, laryngeal pain, and fever were significantly higher in the cervical than in the non-cervical lesion group; however, the detected adverse events were up to grade 2. Laser exposure dose was high in lesions larger than 3 cm (median, 650 vs 400 J; p < 0.001). No significant differences in local complete response rates and adverse effects were noted. One case involving a lesion larger than 3 cm needed balloon dilations for esophageal stricture. CONCLUSIONS: Although salvage esophageal photodynamic therapy was effective for local control with acceptable safety after definitive chemoradiotherapy failure, photodynamic therapy toward cervical lesions had a statistically lower local complete response rate. Lesions larger than 3 cm may be considered treatable.

11.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820948141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although cholangiolocellular carcinoma is considered a combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma, we feel that this classification is not appropriate. Therefore, we compared the diagnostic imaging findings, surgical prognosis, and pathological features of cholangiolocellular carcinoma with those of other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: The study patients included 7 with classical type combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma; 8 with stem cell feature, intermediate type combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma; 13 with cholangiolocellular carcinoma; 58 with cholangiocarcinoma; and 359 with hepatocellular carcinoma. All patients underwent hepatectomy or living-related donor liver transplantation from 2001 to 2014. RESULTS: cholangiolocellular carcinoma could be distinguished from hepatocellular carcinom, other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes, and cholangiocarcinoma by the presence of intratumoral Glisson's pedicle, hepatic vein penetration, and tumor-staining pattern on angiography-assisted CT. Cholangiolocellular carcinoma was associated with a significantly lower SUV-max than that of cholangiocarcinoma on FDG-PET. Hepatocellular carcinoma, classical type, and cholangiolocellular carcinoma had significantly better prognoses than stem cell feature, intermediate type and cholangiocarcinoma. A cholangiocarcinoma component was detected in cholangiolocellular carcinoma that progressed to the hepatic hilum, and the cholangiocarcinoma component was found in perineural invasion and lymph node metastases. CONCLUSIONS: From the viewpoint of surgeon, cholangiolocellular carcinoma should be classified as a good-prognosis subtype of biliary tract carcinoma because of its tendency to differentiate into cholangiocarcinoma during its progression, and its distinctive imaging and few recurrence rates different from other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes.

12.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 325, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a serious complication after gastric cancer surgery. The current study aimed to investigate the significance of the anatomic location of the pancreas as a predictor for POPF in both laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) and open gastrectomy (OG). METHODS: In total, 233 patients with gastric cancer were assessed retrospectively. We measured the maximum vertical (P-L height; PLH) and horizontal length (P-L depth; PLD) between the upper border of pancreas and the root of left gastric artery on a preoperative CT in the sagittal direction. The maximum length of the vertical line between the surface of the pancreas and the aorta (P-A length), previously reported as prognostic factor of POPF, was also measured. We investigated the correlations between these parameters and the incidence of POPF in LG and OG groups. RESULTS: Among the patients in this study, 118 underwent OG and 115 underwent LG. In LG, the median PLH and P-A length in patients with POPF were significantly longer compared with those without POPF (p = 0.026, 0.034, respectively), but not in OG. There was no significant difference in the median PLD between the patients with or without POPF in both LG and OG. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that PLH (odds ratio [OR] 4.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.57-11.3, P = 0.004) and P-A length (OR 4.06, 95%CI 1.05-15.7, P = 0.042] were independent factors for predicting POPF in LG. However, intraoperative blood loss (OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.05-6.18, P = 0.038) was extracted as an independent factor in OG. The median amylase level in the drained fluid (D-Amy) were significantly higher in patients with high PLH(≥12.4 mm) or high P-A length (≥45 mm) compared with those with low PLH or low P-A length in LG. However, there were no differences in the D-Amy levels by PLH or P-A length in OG patients. CONCLUSIONS: The anatomic location of the pancreas is a specific and independent predictor of POPF in LG but not in OG. PLH is a simple parameter that can evaluate the anatomic position of the pancreas, and it may be useful for preventing POPF after LG.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
13.
Surg Case Rep ; 6(1): 227, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinomas are usually classified as either gestational or non-gestational. Primary choriocarcinomas in the gastrointestinal tract, especially primary choriocarcinomas in the esophagus, are extremely rare. We report a case of a rare primary esophageal choriocarcinoma mixed with squamous cell carcinoma-like components in association with Barrett's adenocarcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old man visited the hospital, complaining of hematemesis and tarry stools. In emergency upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, a bleeding esophageal tumor was observed. Additionally, a contrast computed tomography (CT) scan showed a large hypervascular tumor 4.8 cm in diameter in the left kidney. He came to our institution for further examination and treatment of the esophageal tumor and kidney lesion. The patient had an easy bleeding elevated tumor 2 cm in diameter at the left wall of the middle thoracic esophagus and a left renal carcinoma. Histopathological diagnosis of the biopsy specimen of the esophageal tumor was a poorly differentiated carcinoma. However, a precise histological type diagnosis could not be obtained. In June 2016, mediastinoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy and posterior mediastinal gastric tube reconstruction were performed to treat his esophageal tumor. Histopathologically, most of the tumor comprised hCG-positive syncytiotrophoblasts. Therefore, we confirmed it as a primary esophageal choriocarcinoma. Furthermore, the tumor contained a poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma-like component that was also diagnosed as a choriocarcinoma using immunohistochemical staining and there was a small Barrett's esophageal adenocarcinoma lesion in the Barrett's epithelium near the tumor. Three months after surgery, a CT scan demonstrated multiple lung metastatic nodules and multiple intrahepatic masses. Needle biopsy from the lung nodule showed a choriocarcinoma. Despite chemotherapy, the metastatic choriocarcinoma regrew rapidly and multiple bone metastases appeared. He died because of his esophageal choriocarcinoma 13 months after primary resection. CONCLUSIONS: We encountered an extremely rare case of esophageal choriocarcinoma combined with squamous cell carcinoma-like components in association with a simultaneous Barrett's adenocarcinoma that we followed for the entire course of his disease, from resection to end of life. Esophageal choriocarcinomas are rare with peculiar characteristics and very poor prognoses. Additional cases are needed to establish an appropriate future treatment.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11807, 2020 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678196

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a common gastrointestinal cancer and is often refractory to current therapies. Development of efficient therapeutic strategies against ESCC presents a major challenge. Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)3ß has emerged as a multipotent therapeutic target in various diseases including cancer. Here we investigated the biology and pathological role of GSK3ß in ESCC and explored the therapeutic effects of its inhibition. The expression of GSK3ß and tyrosine (Y)216 phosphorylation-dependent activity was higher in human ESCC cell lines and primary tumors than untransformed esophageal squamous TYNEK-3 cells from an ESCC patient and tumor-adjacent normal esophageal mucosa. GSK3ß-specific inhibitors and small interfering (si)RNA-mediated knockdown of GSK3ß attenuated tumor cell survival and proliferation, while inducing apoptosis in ESCC cells and their xenograft tumors in mice. GSK3ß inhibition spared TYNEK-3 cells and the vital organs of mice. The therapeutic effect of GSK3ß inhibition in tumor cells was associated with G0/G1- and G2/M-phase cell cycle arrest, decreased expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)4 and increased expression of cyclin B1. These results suggest the tumor-promoting role of GSK3ß is via cyclin D1/CDK4-mediated cell cycle progression. Consequently, our study provides a biological rationale for GSK3ß as a potential therapeutic target in ESCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Glicogênio/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fosforilação , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Oncol Lett ; 20(2): 1879-1887, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724431

RESUMO

Extravasated platelet aggregation (EPA) serves an important role in the cancer microenvironment during cancer progression, and has been demonstrated to interact with tumor cells in several types of cancer. EPA induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via transforming growth factor-ß, and also recruits immunosuppressive cells, including regulatory T (Treg) cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). However, the role of EPA in gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis remains unknown. The present study analyzed the association between EPA and prognosis in patients with gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis. The present study evaluated 62 patients diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis between 2001 and 2016. EPA, EMT, Treg cells and MDSCs in peritoneal metastatic lesions were detected by immunohistochemical evaluation of CD42b, SNAIL, FOXP3 and CD33, respectively. CD42b expression was observed in 56.5% (35/62) of peritoneal metastatic lesions. CD42b expression in peritoneal metastatic lesions was associated with poor overall survival compared with lower frequencies (hazard ratio, 2.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-3.69; P=0.018). SNAIL, FOXP3 and CD33 expression were not associated with overall survival, but CD33 expression was markedly higher in CD42b-positive patients (P=0.022). These results indicated that EPA affects immunosuppression by recruiting MDSCs in the tumor microenvironment via the secretion of soluble factors, resulting in tumor progression. EPA may be a novel therapeutic target for gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis.

16.
Pancreas ; 49(6): 830-836, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Severe acute pancreatitis is a serious disease, but its detailed mechanism has not yet been elucidated. We aimed to clarify the interaction between neutrophils and platelets in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We induced acute pancreatitis in rats by injection of sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct and killed them over time. We observed the histological changes in pancreatic tissue with special attention to the dynamics of neutrophils and platelets. We also measured the concentrations of neutrophil- and platelet-derived factors in pancreatic tissue and blood samples. RESULTS: Neutrophils and platelets in the pancreatic tissue showed a similar pattern of migration. They initially spread in the interlobular connective tissue and finally into the lobules. The concentration of myeloperoxidase gradually increased in the inflamed pancreas until 24 hours and the concentration of thromboxane B2, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, and CD41 also increased with time. Finally, the concentration of serum myeloperoxidase, citrullinated histone H3, and high-mobility group box 1 increased over time. CONCLUSIONS: The interaction between neutrophils and platelets in pancreatic tissue plays an important role in the mechanism of advancing severity in acute pancreatitis. Circulating damage-associated molecular patterns induced by excessive local inflammation may lead to other organ injuries.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pancreatite/metabolismo , Doença Aguda , Animais , Plaquetas/patologia , Comunicação Celular , Progressão da Doença , Proteína HMGB1/sangue , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Neutrófilos/patologia , Pâncreas/patologia , Pancreatite/sangue , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , Peroxidase/sangue , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Contagem de Plaquetas , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Taurocólico , Tromboxano B2/metabolismo
17.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 81, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32316960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), a malignant neoplasm that normally differentiates to form striated muscle, is the most common type of childhood soft tissue sarcoma. However, it infrequently occurs in adults and is uncommon in the liver. We herein report a case of RMS of the liver in an adult. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old woman was admitted to our institution for investigation of a hepatic mass. She had been followed for primary biliary cirrhosis for the past 20 years. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed a 12- × 10-cm heterogeneous low-density mass lesion containing cystic and solid components. A percutaneous liver biopsy was performed, and poorly differentiated cancer containing an RMS cell-like component was observed. The patient was diagnosed with RMS of the liver, and open surgery with right hepatic lobectomy was performed. Histopathological examination confirmed a diagnosis of pleomorphic RMS of the liver. The patient died of rapid progression of the tumor 6 months after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: The tumor site in the present case is rare. The details of this case add to the current evidence base regarding establishment of the standard diagnosis and treatment of this rare condition. We recommend consideration of RMS as a differential diagnosis for hepatic tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Rabdomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 1303-1311, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32110104

RESUMO

Introduction: Platelets are one factor promoting tumor development. Conversely, lymphocytes are one factor for immune protection. The peripheral blood platelets-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is useful as an inflammation/immune indicator to predict postoperative recurrence and prognosis of a variety of malignancies. The peripheral blood neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has also been reported as a useful inflammation/immune indicator. However, there are few studies evaluating the relationship between these peripheral blood indicators and the effectiveness of chemotherapy. Thus, we examined these relationships in gastric cancer patients. Patients and Methods: Between 2005 and 2018, 41 gastric cancer patients treated with preoperative DCS therapy (docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1) therapy followed by gastrectomy were evaluated. Data for peripheral blood tests prior to the initiation of chemotherapy were used. The effectiveness of chemotherapy was determined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and the pathological response of primary lesions (Ef grade). The relationship between the blood test results and the effectiveness of chemotherapy was evaluated. Results: Each optimal cut-off value of peripheral inflammation/immune indicators was calculated through ROC curves. Although the pathological responder (Ef grade 2 or 3) revealed significantly better prognosis than the non-responder (Ef grade 0-1b), no relationship was found between responder according to RECIST and prognosis (P=0.014, P=0.992). In univariate analysis, a low PLR (<180, P=0.005), low NLR (<2.6, P=0.019), high lymphocyte (≥1.43, P=0.019) and high PNI (≥40, P=0.032) were identified as prognostic markers, whereas PLR was the only marker correlated with pathological response (P=0.031). Conclusion: PLR obtained prior to chemotherapy might be a useful indicator for predicting chemosensitivity owing to the simplicity of its procedure.

19.
Asian J Surg ; 43(1): 201-206, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An artificial pancreas (AP) is useful for intensive insulin treatment (IIT). In this study, the safety and efficacy of an AP in the perioperative period of highly invasive hepato-biliary and pancreatic surgery (HBPS) was validated. METHODS: Fifty patients underwent IIT with an AP during the HBPS perioperative period, including hepatectomy greater than two sectors (MH), pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), and liver transplantation (LT). The primary endpoint was occurrence of hypoglycemia (<60 mg/dL). Secondary endpoints were perioperative glycemic control and postoperative complications. This study was registered at UMIN-CTR (UMIN000016451). RESULTS: The mean patient age was 62.8 years. The most common surgical procedures were PD (n=24, 48%), MH (n=22, 44%), and LT (n=4, 8%). No hypoglycemia occurred in this study. The mean glycemic control rate and coefficient of variation of blood glucose during AP use were 26.4 ± 21.2% and 16.2 ± 8.3, respectively. The mean blood glucose level was 122.9 ± 15.7 mg/dL during AP application. CONCLUSION: The AP was safe during IIT, with no hypoglycemia observed perioperatively in patients who underwent highly invasive HBPS. Further studies are required to address the efficacy of AP with IIT in highly invasive situations.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia , Transplante de Fígado , Pâncreas Artificial , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Segurança , Idoso , Glicemia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Perioperatório , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5393-5401, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Local recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after thermal coagulation therapy may be associated with an aggressive phenotypic change. This study focused on the thermal effects on HCC cells and evaluated the heat shock response and phenotypic changes after heat treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HepG2 and HuH7 cells were used. After heat treatment at 37-50°C for 5-30 min, we assessed their survival rate, induction of heat shock protein (HSP)70 promoter, proliferation rate, induction of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cancer stem cell (CSC)-related markers. RESULTS: Induction of HSP70 promoter per surviving cell was maximized after 10 min of heat treatment at 48°C. Induction of EMT and CSC-related markers was also observed. CONCLUSION: Sub-lethal heat treatment causes large heat shock response to surviving HCC cells and induce EMT-like and CSC-like phenotypic changes that might contribute to increased aggressiveness.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Células Hep G2 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
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