Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 144
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22734, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815458

RESUMO

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have revealed the capability to augment various types of behavioural interventions. We aimed to augment the effects of mindfulness, suggested for reducing anxiety, with concurrent use of tDCS. We conducted a double-blind randomized study with 58 healthy individuals. We introduced treadmill walking for focused meditation and active or sham tDCS on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex for 20 min. We evaluated outcomes using State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-State Anxiety (STAI) before the intervention as well as immediately, 60 min, and 1 week after the intervention, and current density from electroencephalograms (EEG) before and after the intervention. The linear mixed-effect models demonstrated that STAI-state anxiety showed a significant interaction effect between 1 week after the intervention and tDCS groups. As for alpha-band EEG activity, the current density in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) was significantly reduced in the active compared with the sham stimulation group, and a significant correlation was seen between changes in STAI-trait anxiety and the current density of the rACC in the active stimulation group. Our study provided that despite this being a one-shot and short intervention, the reduction in anxiety lasts for one week, and EEG could potentially help predict its anxiolytic effect.

2.
J Orthop Res ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783068

RESUMO

Tendons and ligaments are jointed to bones via an enthesis that is essential to the proper function of the muscular and skeletal structures. The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of mechanical stress on the enthesis. We used ex vivo models in organ cultures of rat Achilles tendons with calcaneus including the enthesis. The organ was attached to a mechanical stretching apparatus that can conduct cyclic tensile strain. We made the models of 1-mm elongation (0.5 Hz, 3% elongation), 2-mm elongation (0.5 Hz, 5% elongation), and no stress. Histological evaluation by Safranin O staining and Toluidin Blue and Picro Sirius red staining was conducted. Expression of sex-determining region Y-box 9 (Sox9), scleraxis (Scx), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and matrix metalloproteinase 13 (Mmp13) were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunocytochemistry. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate biotin nick end-labeling and live/dead staining and was conducted for evaluation of the apoptosis and cell viability. The structure of the enthesis was most maintained in the model of 1-mm elongation. The electronic microscope showed that the enthesis of the no stress model had ill-defined borders between fibrocartilage and mineralized fibrocartilage, and that calcification of mineralized fibrocartilage occurred in the model of 2-mm elongation. Sox9 and Scx was upregulated by 1-mm elongation, whereas Runx2 and Mmp13 were upregulated by 2-mm elongation. Apoptosis was inhibited by low stress. The results of this study suggested that 1-mm elongation can maintain the structure of the enthesis, while 2-mm elongation promotes degenerative changes.

3.
Mod Rheumatol ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between The Japanese version of Patient-Related Elbow Evaluation (PREE-J) and other established subjective and objective outcome measures in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who underwent total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study involved 46 elbows of 40 RA patients. We collected clinical data one year after surgery, including the PREE-J, the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS), Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH), and Hand20. The correlation and responsiveness to PREE-J were evaluated compared with other outcome measures pre-and postoperatively. RESULTS: Almost all outcome measures were improved significantly after surgery. Preoperative PREE-J was significantly correlated with preoperative DASH, Hand20, and MEPS. Interestingly, postoperative PREE-J did not correlate with postoperative MEPS. Multiple regression analyses revealed that preoperative grip strength (B = -0.09; 95% CI -0.17 to -0.01, p = 0.03) and preoperative Hand20 (B = 0.31, 95% CI 0.03 - 0.58, p = 0.03) were significant factors those might influenced the postoperative PREE-J. CONCLUSIONS: The PREE-J was shown to correlate well with other preoperative outcome measures among the RA patients included in the current study. The postoperative PREE-J after TEA was influenced by the preoperative grip strength and function of the hand.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575945

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of adipose-derived extract (AE) on cultured chondrocytes and in vivo cartilage destruction. AE was prepared from human adipose tissues using a nonenzymatic approach. Cultured human chondrocytes were stimulated with interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) with or without different concentrations of AE. The effects of co-treatment with AE on intracellular signaling pathways and their downstream gene and protein expressions were examined using real-time PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. Rat AE prepared from inguinal adipose tissues was intra-articularly delivered to the knee joints of rats with experimental osteoarthritis (OA), and the effect of AE on cartilage destruction was evaluated histologically. In vitro, co-treatment with IL-1ß combined with AE reduced activation of the p38 and ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), and subsequently downregulated the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-3, MMP-13, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)-4, IL-6, and IL-8, whereas it markedly upregulated the expression of IL-1 receptor type 2 (IL-1R2) in chondrocytes. Intra-articular injection of homologous AE significantly ameliorated cartilage destruction six weeks postoperatively in the rat OA model. These results suggested that AE may exert a chondroprotective effect, at least in part, through modulation of the IL-1ß-induced inflammatory signaling pathway by upregulation of IL-1R2 expression.


Assuntos
Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores Tipo II de Interleucina-1/genética , Tecido Adiposo/química , Animais , Cartilagem/efeitos dos fármacos , Cartilagem/patologia , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/patologia , Osteoartrite/genética , Osteoartrite/patologia , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos de Tecidos/química , Extratos de Tecidos/farmacologia
5.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254268, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234380

RESUMO

We investigated the expression and localization of the receptor activator nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) in cartilage from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of relevance to cartilage degeneration. We also examined the role of exogenous lymphotoxin (LT)-α on RANKL expression in human chondrocytes and its effect on in vitro osteoclast differentiation. Cartilage and synovial fluid samples were obtained from 45 patients undergoing total joint replacement surgery or joint puncture, including 24 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 21 patients with RA. RANKL expression in articular cartilage was examined by immunohistochemistry. LT-α concentrations in synovial fluid were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Normal human chondrocytes were stimulated with LT-α, and the relative mRNA levels of RANKL, osteoprotegerin (OPG), matrix metalloproteinase-9, and vascular endothelial growth factor were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Soluble RANKL protein in culture media was measured using ELISA, and membrane-bound RANKL protein in cells was examined by western blotting. Co-cultures of human chondrocytes with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stimulated with macrophage-colony stimulating factor and LT-α, and osteoclast differentiation was evaluated by staining for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. LT-α concentrations were higher in RA synovial fluid than in OA samples. The population of RANKL-positive chondrocytes of RA cartilage was higher than that of OA cartilage, and correlated with cartilage degeneration. Stimulation of cultured human chondrocytes by LT-α increased RANKL expression, the RANKL/OPG ratio, and angiogenic factors. Membrane-bound RANKL in chondrocytes was up-regulated after stimulation of LT-α, whereas soluble RANKL in culture medium did not increase. Co-cultures of human chondrocytes and PBMCs demonstrated that LT-α stimulated human chondrocytes to produce RANKL and induced osteoclastic differentiation of PBMCs. RANKL produced by chondrocytes may contribute to cartilage destruction during RA and LT-α could promote the expression of RANKL in human chondrocytes.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Linfotoxina-alfa/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Ligantes , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/metabolismo , Líquido Sinovial/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299970

RESUMO

Dorsal dislocation of metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints of the lesser toe frequently occurs in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and may cause painful and uncomfortable plantar callosities and ulceration. The current study examined the reliability and clinical relevance of a novel radiographic parameter (the MTP overlap distance [MOD]) in evaluating the severity of MTP joint dislocation. The subjects of the current study were 147 RA patients (276 feet; 1104 toes). MOD, defined as the overlap distance of the metatarsal head and the proximal end of the phalanx, was measured on plain radiographs. The relationship between the MOD and clinical complaints (forefoot pain and/or callosity formation) was analyzed to create a severity grading system. As a result, toes with callosities had a significantly larger MOD. ROC analysis revealed that the MOD had a high AUC for predicting an asymptomatic foot (-0.70) and callosities (0.89). MOD grades were defined as follows: grade 1, 0 ≤ MOD < 5 mm; grade 2, 5 ≤ MOD < 10 mm; and grade 3, MOD ≥ 10 mm. The intra- and inter-observer reliability of the MOD grade had high reproducibility. Furthermore, the MOD and MOD grade improved significantly after joint-preserving surgeries for lesser toe deformities. Our results suggest that MOD and MOD grade might be useful tools for the evaluation of deformities of the lesser toe and the effect of surgical intervention for MTP joints in patients with RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé , Luxações Articulares , Articulação Metatarsofalângica , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Dedos do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4148, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230481

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common aging-related joint disease, is caused by an imbalance between extracellular matrix synthesis and degradation. Here, we discover that both strands of microRNA-455 (miR-455), -5p and -3p, are up-regulated by Sox9, an essential transcription factor for cartilage differentiation and function. Both miR-455-5p and -3p are highly expressed in human chondrocytes from normal articular cartilage and in mouse primary chondrocytes. We generate miR-455 knockout mice, and find that cartilage degeneration mimicking OA and elevated expression of cartilage degeneration-related genes are observed at 6-months-old. Using a cell-based miRNA target screening system, we identify hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α), a catabolic factor for cartilage homeostasis, as a direct target of both miR-455-5p and -3p. In addition, overexpression of both miR-455-5p and -3p protect cartilage degeneration in a mouse OA model, demonstrating their potential therapeutic value. Furthermore, knockdown of HIF-2α in 6-month-old miR-455 knockout cartilage rescues the elevated expression of cartilage degeneration-related genes. These data demonstrate that both strands of a miRNA target the same gene to regulate articular cartilage homeostasis.


Assuntos
Cartilagem/metabolismo , Homeostase , Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Osteoartrite/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9
8.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303577

RESUMO

We investigated the clinical outcomes of surgical procedures for the treatment of forefoot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Twenty feet in 16 women (mean age 62.1 years) underwent corrective osteotomy of the first metatarsal bone with shortening oblique osteotomy of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joints (joint-preservation group), while 13 feet in 12 women (mean age 67.4 years) underwent arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint with resection arthroplasty of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joints (joint-sacrifice group); mean follow-up for each group was 25.8 and 23.8 months, respectively. The mean total Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) scale improved significantly from 64.2 to 89.2 in the joint-preservation group (p < .001), and from 54.2 to 74.2 in the joint-sacrifice group (p = .003). In the joint-preservation group, the postoperative range of motion (ROM) of the joint, walking ability, and activities of daily living scores of the JSSF scale were significantly higher than those in the joint-sacrifice group (p = .001, p = .001, and p = .019, respectively). There were no differences in the subscale scores of the self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire between 2 groups either pre- or postoperatively. No differences in the postoperative complications were found between 2 groups. Although the joint-sacrificing procedure resulted in lower objective outcomes than the joint-preserving procedure regarding the ROM of the joint, the walking ability, and the level of activities of daily living, both procedures resulted in similar treatment outcomes when evaluated by the subjective measures.

9.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-15, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an evidence base for clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in older adults. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane library, and Japan Centra Revuo Medicina databases were searched for articles published between 1990 and 2019. Quality of the evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system, with some modifications. RESULTS: Among 702 identified articles, there were 5 post-hoc analyses of randomized controlled trials and 10 observational studies. Meta-analysis of the former yielded a mean difference of the van der Heijde-modified total Sharp score of -2.79 (95% confidence interval [CI] - 3.74 to -1.84) for treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors. The risk ratio (RR) for the American College of Rheumatology 50% response rate, and for serious adverse events was 2.83 (95%CI 1.90-4.21) and 1.32 (95%CI 0.53-3.31), respectively, for Janus kinase inhibitors. Meta-analysis of the observational studies yielded an RR for disease activity score-28 remission and serious infections of 0.76 (95%CI 0.64-0.91) and 1.92 (95%CI 1.31-2.81) for older-versus-younger patients receiving biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, respectively. CONCLUSION: This systematic review provides the necessary evidence for developing CPG for the management of RA in older adults.

10.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-6, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate patients' opinions regarding their rheumatoid arthritis (RA) therapy and to reflect the patients' perspectives in the 2020 update of the Japan College of Rheumatology clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to 1600 members of the Japan Rheumatology Friendship Association, who were randomly selected by age and prefecture. RESULTS: A total of 1156 patients returned the questionnaire (response rate, 72.3%; mean age, 63.0 ± 11.9 years). Those who reported having discussed their treatment goals with their doctors (450 respondents, 38.9%) were more likely to be satisfied with their current medical care (odds ratio, 7.13; 95% CI 4.72-10.8) compared with those who had not discussed their goals nor had them explained (287 respondents, 24.8%). The benefits exceeded the adverse effects for all pharmacotherapy (methotrexate, corticosteroids, conventional synthetic antirheumatic drugs, biological agents, Janus kinase inhibitor, and anti-RANKL antibodies). However, while 74.2% of the respondents using biological agents perceived that 'the favorable aspects outweighed the unfavorable aspects,' most of those taking anti-RANKL antibodies (69.2%) felt uncertain. CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire successfully collected information regarding patients' perceptions regarding their therapy. Further implementation of treat-to-target is necessary in Japan to improve patient satisfaction.

11.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-11, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk factors of surgical site infection (SSI), delayed wound healing, and death after orthopedic surgery in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We identified articles indexed in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Japan Centra Revuo Medicina Web published from 2013 to 2019 and other articles. Articles fulfilling the predefined inclusion criteria were reviewed systematically and their quality was appraised according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system with some modifications. RESULTS: After inclusion and exclusion by full-text review, 29 articles were analyzed. Use of biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs was a risk factor of SSI (risk ratio 1.66, 95% confidence interval 1.25-2.19), but not of delayed wound healing. RA itself was a risk factor of SSI, and oral glucocorticoid use was a risk factor of SSI in three of the four studies analyzed and of postoperative death. Age, male sex, comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, surgical factors such as foot/ankle and spine surgery and longer operative time were risk factors of those postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Patients with those factors should be dealt with appropriate cautions to strike a risk-benefit balance of orthopedic surgeries.

12.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-13, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706664

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of biosimilars compared with reference biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a part of the process of developing the 2020 update of the Japan College of Rheumatology guidelines for the management of RA. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Japan Centra Revuo Medicina were searched for articles to conduct a systematic review (SR). The quality of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. RESULTS: Twenty randomized controlled trials were included (biosimilars of infliximab, etanercept, and adalimumab). A meta-analysis revealed that the risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of achieving the American College of Rheumatology 50% response (ACR50) at week 24 and serious adverse events (SAEs) for biosimilars compared with the reference bDMARDs were 1.04 (0.98-1.10) and 0.84 (0.61-1.18), respectively. The RRs of achieving ACR50 and SAEs at week 24 were respectively 0.93 (0.69-1.26) and 2.15 (0.55-8.35) in the patients who switched to biosimilars from the reference bDMARDs and 0.92 (0.76-1.12) and 1.41 (0.32-6.15) in those who continued the reference bDMARDs. CONCLUSION: Biosimilars and reference bDMARDs were equally useful for the management of RA.

13.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-14, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565350

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of exercise therapy on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as part of the process of updating the 2020 Japanese guidelines for the management of RA according to the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Japana Centra Revuo Medicina Web, and the Cochrane Library (from 2009 to 2018) to identify articles that evaluated PROs of exercise therapy and RA disease activity. RESULTS: A total of 662 articles were identified, including nine RCTs, and meta-analyses were performed on six RCTs on systemic exercise therapy and three RCTs on upper extremity exercise therapy. Analyzed exercise therapies were diverse, differing in target population, intervention method, and duration. Significant improvements were observed in the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (mean difference -0.35, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.60 to -0.10), pain (standardized mean difference -2.04, 95% CI: -3.77 to -0.32), and SF-36. For upper extremity exercise therapy, significant improvements in PROs (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire, Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire) were observed. CONCLUSION: Exercise therapy in RA treatment improves patient subjective assessment of pain, physical function, and quality of life.

14.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-6, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate satisfaction with total joint replacement (TJR) surgery among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We mailed questionnaires to randomly selected members of the Japan Rheumatism Friendship Association, stratified by age and prefecture, throughout Japan. The questionnaire collected demographic and clinical characteristics as well as patients' satisfaction with TJR and their current therapy. RESULTS: Of the 1156 patients who returned the questionnaire, 339 (29.3%) responded that they had had TJR of any type. The mean age was 66.6 years, and 94.4% were women. The mean time period from the hip and knee TJR was 14-15 years. Over half of the patients who had had TJR were satisfied with the results, especially those who had had hip (89.6%) and knee TJR (87.3%), who reported a high level of satisfaction. Multivariable linear regression analysis revealed that, in patients with knee TJR, satisfaction with current therapy was significantly related to whether they were satisfied with the results of the surgery. CONCLUSION: Most patients with RA who had undergone TJR were satisfied with the results even after a long period of time, and their level of satisfaction was associated with their satisfaction with current therapy.

15.
J Orthop Sci ; 26(5): 896-901, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prevention and treatment for locomotive syndrome (LS) are important for extending healthy life expectancy. The 25-question geriatric locomotive function scale (GLFS-25) was developed to diagnose LS. The Fear-Avoidance model was proposed to explain pain chronicity. LS and chronic pain decrease activities of daily living; however, the relationships between LS and factors related to chronic pain in the Fear-Avoidance model are unknown. Objective of the current study was to assess the prevalence of LS and examine the factors of the Fear-Avoidance model and the GLFS-25 that affect the prevalence of LS in patients with chronic pain. METHODS: Participants included 281 patients (99 men, 182 women) aged over 40 years with chronic pain who visited our outpatient clinic for chronic pain. All participants completed the GLFS-25, numeric rating scale (NRS), pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), and Athene insomnia scale (AIS). According to a GLFS-25 cutoff point, participants were divided into three groups (LS-2; GLFS-25 ≥ 16, LS-1; 7 ≤ GLFS-25 < 16, and non-LS; GLFS-25 < 7 points) and each parameter was compared among the groups, followed by multiple logistic regression analysis. Next, multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the factors associated with the GLFS-25. RESULTS: Of all 281 patients, 241 (85.8%) patients were diagnosed with LS-2. Univariate analysis revealed there were significant differences in NRS, PCS, HADS anxiety, HADS depression, and AIS among groups. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed PCS was significantly associated with LS-2 prevalence. The GLFS-25 was positively correlated with NRS, HADS depression, AIS in multiple linear regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: We found that patients with chronic pain in our outpatient clinic had a significant rate of LS-2. The prevalence of LS-2 was significantly correlate with pain catastrophizing, and the GLFS-25 was significantly correlated with higher pain intensity, depression, and insomnia.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Locomoção , Masculino , Limitação da Mobilidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Mod Rheumatol ; 31(1): 61-69, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by using the GRADE approach. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Japana Centra Revuo Medicina Web (Ichu-shi web), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Articles fulfilling the predefined inclusion criteria were appraised and used for meta-analysis. The primary outcomes were American College of Rheumatology 20 (ACR20) and serum creatinine elevation. Other outcomes included ACR50, ACR70, changes in C-reactive protein, modified Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index, gastrointestinal disorders, metabolic and nutritional disorders, and infections and infestations. RESULTS: We identified five randomized controlled studies, four of which compared tacrolimus to placebo and were included in the meta-analysis. The risk ratio of ACR20 achievement was 1.71 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20-2.42) for 1-2 mg/day and 2.30 (95% CI 1.79-2.96) for 3 mg/day. The risk ratio of creatinine elevation was 1.95 (95% CI 1.18-3.23) for 1-2 mg/day and 3.81 (95% CI 2.43-5.99) for 3 mg/day. CONCLUSION: Tacrolimus is effective with acceptable safety in the management of RA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Tacrolimo/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Tacrolimo/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Orthop Sci ; 26(2): 230-236, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many histological, mechanical, and clinical studies have been performed on the medial meniscus posterior root attachment, as it often tears in patients with osteoarthritic knee. Medial meniscal root repair is recommended in clinical situations; however, to date, no studies have examined the differences between meniscal root and horn cells. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the morphology, reaction to cyclic tensile strain, and gene expression levels of medial meniscal root and horn cells. METHODS: Meniscal samples were obtained from the medial knee compartments of 10 patients with osteoarthritis who underwent total knee arthroplasty. Root and horn cells were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium without enzymes. The morphology, distribution, and proliferation of medial meniscal root and horn cells, as well as the gene and protein expression levels of Sry-type HMG box 9 and type II collagen, were determined after cyclic tensile strain treatment. RESULTS: Horn cells had a triangular morphology, whereas root cells were fibroblast-like. The number of horn cells positive for Sry-type HMG box 9 and type II collagen was considerably higher than that of root cells. Although root and horn cells showed similar levels of proliferation after 48, 72, or 96 h of culture, more horn cells than root cells were lost following a 2-h treatment with 5% and 10% cyclic tensile. Sry-type HMG box 9 and α1(II) collagen mRNA expression levels were significantly enhanced in both cells after 2- and 4-h cyclic tensile strain (5%) treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Medial meniscal root and horn cells have distinct morphologies, reactions to mechanical stress, and cellular phenotypes. Our results suggest that physiological tensile strain is important to activate extracellular matrix production in horn cells.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Meniscos Tibiais , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Estresse Mecânico , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/genética , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia
18.
Mod Rheumatol ; 31(3): 607-613, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To validate and establish targets for the physician-based clinical scale for foot surgery in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients based on patient-reported outcomes from a multicenter prospective cohort. METHODS: We collected data on demographics, values from the RA foot and ankle scale by the Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF-RA), and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) including the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) before (baseline) and 6 and 12 months after joint surgery. Target values for JSSF-RA were determined according to the lower limit of the 95% CI of JSSF-RA in patients with HAQ-DI ≤0.5 after adjusting for age and sex. We used multiple linear regression analysis to examine potential predictors of JSSF-RA target achievement at baseline. RESULTS: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted on data from 417 cases. The JSSF-RA target for foot and ankle surgery was set at 74 according to the JSSF-RA value corresponding to HAQ-DI ≤0.5 (mean 77.6, 95% CI: 74.3-80.9). Longitudinal analysis of patients who underwent foot surgery (N = 59) determined target cut-off values of 1.188 and 65 for HAQ-DI and JSSF-RA at baseline, respectively, as being predictive for achieving JSSF-RA ≥74 after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: A JSSF-RA value of 74 represents an important target for patients with RA who have undergone foot surgery. In order to achieve this target, the timing of the surgery should be considered in the treatment of established RA patients.


Assuntos
Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Pé/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Articulação do Tornozelo/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pé/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Mod Rheumatol ; 31(3): 587-592, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with delayed wound healing (DWH) after orthopedic surgery in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 276 orthopedic procedures for 187 RA patients treated with bDMARDs. As a preoperative nutritional status assessment, we evaluated body mass index, prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and controlling nutritional status (CONUT). We evaluated DAS28-CRP, DAS28-ESR, face scale, global health, and HAQ-DI to assess the disease activity. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the risk factors for DWH. RESULTS: In 276 procedures, DWH was identified in 24 patients (8.7%). Disease duration, foot and ankle surgery, and preoperative use of tocilizumab were significant in the univariate analyses. These variables were entered into a multivariate model, and it was revealed that preoperative use of tocilizumab and procedures in the foot and ankle were associated with an increased risk of DWH. CONCLUSION: The current retrospective study suggested that preoperative use of tocilizumab and procedures in the foot and ankle were risk factors for DWH.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Fatores Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Cicatrização , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Fatores Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(9)2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365591

RESUMO

In patients with osteoarthritis (OA), there is a decrease in both the concentration and molecular size of hyaluronan (HA) in the synovial fluid and cartilage. Cell migration-inducing hyaluronidase 1 (CEMIP), also known as hyaluronan (HA)-binding protein involved in HA depolymerization (HYBID), was recently reported as an HA depolymerization-related molecule expressed in the cartilage of patients with OA. However, the underlying mechanism of CEMIP regulation is not well understood. We found that CEMIP expression was transiently increased by interleukine-1ß (IL-1ß) stimulation in chondrocytic cells. We also observed that ERK activation and NF-κB nuclear translocation were involved in the induction of CEMIP by IL-1ß. In addition, both administration of HA and mechanical strain attenuated the CEMIP induction in IL-1ß-stimulated chondrocytes. In conclusion, we clarified the regulatory mechanism of CEMIP in chondrocytes by inflammatory cytokines and suggested the potential involvement in osteoarthritis development.


Assuntos
Condrócitos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/genética , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Imunofluorescência , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Osteoartrite/etiologia , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/patologia , Estresse Mecânico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...