Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 342
Filtrar
2.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550314

RESUMO

Importance: Enhanced ventricular interdependence is a highly sensitive and specific criterion for the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis (CP), but simultaneous ventricular measurements can be challenging at cardiac catheterization. Ejection times (ETs) correlate with stroke volumes and can be easily measured from arterial pressure tracings. Objective: To assess respirophasic changes in pulmonary artery (PA) ETs and aorta (Ao) ETs as a marker for enhanced ventricular interdependence. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective analysis of simultaneous left-side and right-side heart catheterizations between January 2006 and January 2017 was performed. The data were analyzed in June 2020. All catheterizations were performed at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. This study evaluated patients undergoing left-side and right-side heart catheterization for assessment of CP after noninvasive evaluation was inconclusive. Main Outcomes and Measures: Measurements of the PA and Ao ETs were made during inspiration and expiration. Ventricular interaction was mainly assessed by evaluating the difference of ETs from expiration to inspiration as well as the difference in Ao minus the difference in PA. Results: A total of 10 patients with surgically proven CP and 10 patients without CP (restrictive cardiomyopathy or severe tricuspid regurgitation) were identified. Of these 20 included patients, 10 (50%) were female, and the median (interquartile range) age was 59.5 (47.0-67.5) years. There were no significant differences in demographic characteristics or baseline hemodynamic measurements. In patients with CP compared with those without CP, there was a significantly greater decrease in PA ET (mean [SD], -31.8 [28.6] vs 5.1 [9.5]; P < .001) and a nonsignificantly greater increase in Ao ET (mean [SD], 19.0 [15.7] vs 10.5 [9.1]; P = 0.20) during expiration vs inspiration. Thus, the difference in Ao ET minus the difference in PA ET during expiration vs inspiration was significantly greater in those with CP compared with those without CP (mean [SD], 50.8 [22.5] milliseconds vs 5.4 [15.2] milliseconds; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, PA and Ao measurements of ETs throughout the respiratory cycle were a simple, easily obtainable, and accurate parameter for the diagnosis of CP.

3.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 96(9): 2323-2331, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on survival in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) following septal myectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with obstructive HCM undergoing septal myectomy from 2007 to 2016 were reviewed. Those who had an overnight oximetry test within 6 months before myectomy were included in analysis. Oxygen desaturation index was examined continuously and also categorically (SDB [>5/h] and severe SDB [>15/h]). RESULTS: A total of 619 of 1500 patients undergoing septal myectomy had overnight oximetry tests. Sleep-disordered breathing (oxygen desaturation index >5/h) was identified in 338 (54.6%) patients, and among those patients, 117 (18.9%) were classified as severe. Patients with SDB were older, had greater body mass index and body surface area, were more likely to have arterial hypertension and atrial fibrillation, and had an increased E/e' ratio on Doppler echocardiography. Notably, there was no difference in preoperative resting left ventricular outflow tract pressure gradient between patients with SDB and those with normal overnight oximetry (55 (interquartile range: 25 to 86) mm Hg versus 52 (interquartile range: 21 to 85) mm Hg; P=.29). There was no difference in age-adjusted survival among patients with normal oximetry compared with those with mild SDB (hazard ratio: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.45 to 2.17), and severe SDB (hazard ratio: 1.06, 95% CI 0.42 - 2.71). CONCLUSION: Sleep-disordered breathing is present in more than half of patients with obstructive HCM in whom septal myectomy is indicated, and is mainly associated with aging, overweight, and male sex. However, SDB does not alter survival following septal myectomy.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/cirurgia , Septos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Septos Cardíacos/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Oximetria , Fatores Sexuais , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/mortalidade
4.
Heart ; 107(20): 1651-1656, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285103

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated haemodynamics and clinical outcomes according to type of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP). BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of CP with concomitant myocardial disease (mixed CP) grows, PH is more commonly seen in patients with CP. However, haemodynamic and outcome data according to the presence or absence of PH are limited. METHODS: 150 patients with surgically confirmed CP who underwent echocardiography and cardiac catheterisation within 7 days at two tertiary centres were divided into three groups: no-PH, isolated postcapillary PH (Ipc-PH) and combined postcapillary and precapillary PH (Cpc-PH). Primary outcome was all-cause mortality during follow-up. RESULT: In this retrospective cohort study, 110 (73.3%) had PH (mean pulmonary artery pressure ≥25 mm Hg). Cpc-PH, using defined cut-offs for pulmonary vascular resistance (>3 Wood units) or diastolic pulmonary gradient (≥7 mm Hg), was seen in 18 patients (12%). The Cpc-PH group had a higher prevalence of comorbidities (diabetes and atrial fibrillation) and concomitant myocardial disease as an aetiology of CP than other groups. Pulmonary vascular resistance had a significant direct correlation with medial E/e' by Doppler echocardiography (r=0.404, p<0.001). Survival rate was significantly lower in the Cpc-PH than the no-PH (p=0.002) and Ipc-PH (p=0.024) groups. On multivariable analysis, age, New York Heart Association functional class IV, medial e' velocity, Cpc-PH and Ipc-PH were independently associated with long-term mortality. CONCLUSION: Combined postcapillary and precapillary PH develops in a subset of patients with CP and is associated with long-term mortality after pericardiectomy.

8.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 162(2): e183-e353, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972115
11.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(17): 2159-2170, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by multiple pathological features including myocyte hypertrophy, myocyte disarray, and interstitial fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to correlate myocardial histopathology with clinical characteristics of patients with obstructive HCM and post-operative outcomes following septal myectomy. METHODS: The authors reviewed the pathological findings of the myocardial specimens from 1,836 patients with obstructive HCM who underwent septal myectomy from 2000 to 2016. Myocyte hypertrophy, myocyte disarray, interstitial fibrosis, and endocardial thickening were graded and analyzed. RESULTS: The median age at operation was 54.2 years (43.5 to 64.3 years), and 1,067 (58.1%) were men. A weak negative correlation between myocyte disarray and age at surgery was identified (ρ = -0.22; p < 0.001). Myocyte hypertrophy (p < 0.001), myocyte disarray (p < 0.001), and interstitial fibrosis (p < 0.001) were positively associated with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation. Interstitial fibrosis (p < 0.001) and endocardial thickening (p < 0.001) were associated with atrial fibrillation pre-operatively. In the Cox survival model, older age (p < 0.001), lower degree of myocyte hypertrophy (severe vs. mild hazard ratio: 0.41; 95% confidence interval: 0.19 to 0.86; p = 0.040), and lower degree of endocardial thickening (moderate vs. mild hazard ratio: 0.75; 95% confidence interval: 0.58 to 0.97; p = 0.019) were independently associated with worse post-myectomy survival. Among 256 patients who had genotype analysis, patients with pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants (n = 62) had a greater degree of myocyte disarray (42% vs. 15% vs. 20%; p = 0.022). Notably, 13 patients with pathogenic or likely pathogenic genetic variants of HCM had no myocyte disarray. CONCLUSIONS: Histopathology was associated with clinical manifestations including the age of disease onset and arrhythmias. Myocyte hypertrophy and endocardial thickening were negatively associated with post-myectomy mortality.

13.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is highly prevalent in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). In this study, we investigated the impact of body mass index (BMI) in patients undergoing septal myectomy (SM) for obstructive HCM. METHODS: We reviewed 2746 patients who underwent transaortic SM for obstructive HCM from February 1993 through September 2018. Patients were stratified into 3 groups based on BMI (normal weight, <25 kg/m2; overweight, 25 to <30 kg/m2; and obese, ≥30 kg/m2). RESULTS: Preoperatively, the median left ventricular outflow tract gradient was 58 mm Hg, and there was no difference in gradients across BMI strata (P = .35). The percentage of obese patients with moderate or greater mitral valve regurgitation was lower (45.8%) compared with normal weight (52.9%) and overweight (55.4%) patients (P < .001). However, patients with a higher BMI were more likely to have New York Heart Association Functional Classification III/IV limitation at presentation (P < .001). After myectomy, anteroseptal thickness (P = .115) and left ventricular outflow tract gradient (P = .210) did not differ between groups. There were 14 (0.5%) deaths within 30 days postoperatively, and the risk was similar across BMI strata (P = .448). Model-estimated changes in average BMI at 10 years postprocedure showed stratum-specific increases ranging from 0.60 to 1.56 kg/m2. During a median follow-up of 7.2 years (interquartile range, 3.2-13.3 years), a higher BMI was associated with reduced survival after adjusting for baseline covariates (P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: SM is safe and effective in HCM patients with obesity, but the risk of late death increased with increasing BMI. Attention to risk factor management through weight loss may improve late results after SM.

14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the impact of isolated tricuspid valve (TV) surgery on recovery of right ventricular (RV) function and RV reverse remodeling. METHODS: Among 223 patients who had isolated TV procedures between 2001 and 2017, 60 (27%) underwent TV repair and 163 (73%) received TV replacement. Indication for surgery was functional tricuspid valve regurgitation in 64%, lead induced in 18%, and primary leaflet dysfunction in 18%. RV reverse remodeling was assessed by echocardiography at a median of 11.3 months (interquartile range [IQR] 5.9-13.5) post-dismissal. RESULTS: Mean age was 67.3 ± 13.7 years, and 57% were female. Overall 30-day mortality was 2.7%. After a median follow-up period of 9.5 years (IQR 3.6-12.9), adjusted Cox regression analysis revealed comparable survival for TV repair and replacement and identified older age, and presence of RV dysfunction (hazard ratio [HR] 1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.14-2.98; P = .01), as independent predictors of poor survival. Patients who exhibited RV reverse remodeling within 18 months postoperatively had significantly improved survival compared with those who did not (log-rank P = .005), and reverse remodeling was independently associated with improved survival (HR 0.42, 95% CI 0.24-0.74; P = .003). Lower preoperative right atrial pressure (odds ratio 0.83, 95% CI 0.73-0.94; P = .004) was predictive of early RV reverse remodeling. CONCLUSIONS: Isolated TV surgery can be performed with acceptable outcomes (early mortality 2.7%), and overall survival is best in patients who receive the operation before developing RV systolic dysfunction. Adjusted survival was similar for patients undergoing TV repair or replacement. Early reverse remodeling of RV after surgery is associated with survival benefit.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Elongation of mitral valve leaflets is a phenotypic feature of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and some surgeons advocate plication of the anterior leaflet at the time of septal myectomy. The present study investigates mitral valve leaflet length and outcomes of patients undergoing septal myectomy for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: We reviewed the records and echocardiograms of 564 patients who underwent transaortic septal myectomy for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy between February 2015 and April 2018. Extended septal myectomy without plication of the anterior leaflet was the standard procedure. From intraoperative prebypass transesophageal echocardiograms, we measured anterior and posterior mitral valve leaflets and their coaptation length. For comparison, we performed these mitral valve leaflet measurements in 90 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting and 92 patients undergoing aortic valve replacement in the same period. Among patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy undergoing septal myectomy, we assessed left ventricular outflow tract gradient relief and 1-year survival in relation to leaflet length. RESULTS: Median patient age (interquartile range) was 60.3 (50.2-67.7) years, and 54.1% were male. Concomitant mitral valve repair was performed in 36 patients (6.4%), and mitral valve replacement was performed in 8 patients (1.4%), primarily for intrinsic mitral valve disease. Patients in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy cohort had significantly longer mitral valve leaflet measurements compared with patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or aortic valve replacement (P < .001 for all 3 measurements). Preoperative resting left ventricular outflow tract gradients were not related to leaflet length (<30 mm, median 49 [21, 81.5] mm Hg vs ≥30 mm, 50.5 [21, 77] mm Hg; P = .76). Further, gradient reduction after myectomy was not related to leaflet length; patients with less than 30 mm anterior leaflet length had a median gradient reduction of 33 (69, 6) mm Hg compared with 36.5 (62, 6) mm Hg for patients with leaflet length 30 mm or more (P = .36). Anterior mitral valve leaflet length was not associated with increased 1-year mortality (P = .758). CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms previous findings that patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have slight (5 mm) elongation of mitral valve leaflets. In contrast to other reports, increased anterior mitral valve leaflet length was not associated with higher left ventricular outflow tract gradients. Importantly, we found no significant relationship between anterior mitral valve leaflet length and postoperative left ventricular outflow tract resting gradients or gradient relief. Thus, in the absence of intrinsic mitral valve disease, transaortic septal myectomy with focus on extending the excision beyond the point of septal contact is sufficient for almost all patients.

16.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(2): e018417, 2021 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399012

RESUMO

Background Whether the poor outcomes of isolated tricuspid valve surgery are related to the operation itself or to certain patient characteristics including late referral is unknown. Methods and Results Adult patients who underwent isolated tricuspid valve surgery were identified in the Nationwide Readmissions Database (2016-2017). Patients who had redo tricuspid valve surgery, endocarditis, or congenital heart disease were excluded. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify contributors to postoperative mortality. A total of 1513 patients were included (mean age 55.7±16.6 years, 49.6% women). Surrogates of late referral were frequent: 41% of patients were admitted with decompensated heart failure, 44.3% had a nonelective surgery status, 16.8% had advanced liver disease, and 31% had an unplanned hospitalization in the prior 90 days. The operation was performed on day 0 to 1 of the hospitalization in only 50% of patients, and beyond day 10 in 22% of patients. In-hospital mortality occurred in 8.7% of patients. Median length of stay was 14 days (7-35 days), and median cost was $87 223 ($43 122-$200 872). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, surrogates for late referrals (acute heart failure decompensation, nonelective surgery status, or advanced liver disease) were the strongest predictors of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR], 4.75; 95% CI, 2.74-8.25 [P<0.001]). This was also consistent in a second model incorporating unplanned hospitalizations in the 90 days before surgery as a surrogate for late referral (OR, 5.50; 95% CI, 2.28-10.71 [P<0.001]). Conclusions The poor outcomes of isolated tricuspid valve surgery may be largely explained by the late referral for intervention. Studies are needed to determine the role of early intervention for severe isolated tricuspid regurgitation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reoperação , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Valva Tricúspide , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Causalidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/mortalidade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tempo para o Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 96(1): 86-91, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and treatment for "paroxysmal severe mitral regurgitation" (MR), which is an underappreciated cause of heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed cases of transient severe MR that were evaluated at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2019. Paroxysmal severe MR was defined as the appearance of transient severe MR in patients with mild MR at rest, normal left ventricle (LV) size, left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 40%, and absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. RESULTS: We identified 6 patients (5 women) with a median age of 68 years. There were 3 distinct mechanisms of paroxysmal severe MR, which we labeled types 1, 2, and 3. Type 1 MR was caused by LV dyssynchrony from a rate-dependent left bundle branch block, which led to apical leaflet tenting and incomplete coaptation. Type 2 MR occurred from mitral annular dilatation during maneuvers that increased left-sided volume. Type 3 MR was caused by coronary artery vasospasm with apical leaflet tenting. Treatments varied depending on the underlying cause and included cardiac resynchronization therapy for type 1, surgical valve replacement for type 2, and medical therapy for type 3. CONCLUSION: Paroxysmal severe MR is a rare cause of heart failure in patients with preserved LV function. We have identified 3 distinct mechanisms that can lead to this dynamic process, with treatments varying based on the underlying cause.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/patologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular
18.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 161(3): 997-1006.e3, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977972

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes after septal myectomy in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy according to atrial fibrillation and surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation. METHODS: We reviewed patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who underwent septal myectomy at the Mayo Clinic from 2001 to 2016. History of atrial fibrillation was obtained from patient histories and electrocardiograms. All-cause mortality was the primary end point. RESULTS: A total of 2023 patients underwent septal myectomy, of whom 394 (19.5%) had at least 1 episode of atrial fibrillation preoperatively. Among patients with atrial fibrillation, 76 (19.3%) had only 1 known episode, 278 (70.6%) had recurrent paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, and 40 (10.2%) had persistent atrial fibrillation. Surgical ablation was performed in 190 patients at the time of septal myectomy, including 148 with pulmonary vein isolation and 42 with the classic maze procedure. Among all patients, operative mortality was 0.4%, and there were no early deaths in patients undergoing surgical ablation. Over a median follow-up of 5.6 years, patients with preoperative atrial fibrillation had increased mortality (hazard ratio, 1.36; 95% confidence interval, 0.97-1.91; P = .070) after multivariable adjustment for comorbidities. When considering the impact of atrial fibrillation with or without surgical treatment, the adjusted hazard ratio for mortality in patients undergoing ablation compared with no ablation was 0.93 (95% confidence interval, 0.52-1.69; P = .824). CONCLUSIONS: Atrial fibrillation is present preoperatively in one-fifth of patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy undergoing myectomy and showed a trend toward higher all-cause mortality. Survival of patients undergoing septal myectomy with preoperative atrial fibrillation was similar between those who did and did not receive concomitant surgical ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Septos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Procedimento do Labirinto , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/mortalidade , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Septos Cardíacos/diagnóstico por imagem , Septos Cardíacos/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimento do Labirinto/efeitos adversos , Procedimento do Labirinto/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97(1): E79-E87, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259389

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine hemodynamic effects of aortic paravalvular leak (PVL) and predictors of clinical outcomes after aortic PVL closure. BACKGROUND: The significance of hemodynamic alterations in PVL and relation to severity, procedural success of percutaneous closure and clinical outcomes have not been defined. METHODS: Patients undergoing percutaneous PVL closure between July 21, 2004 and September 10, 2018 were included. PVL severity was assessed by echocardiography and aortic angiography. Hemodynamics were assessed by intra-arterial pressure tracings before and after PVL closure. The primary outcome was a composite of mortality, redo aortic valve replacement (AVR) and redo PVL closure. RESULTS: One hundred and seventeen patients (mean age 70.3 ± 14.9 years, 79% surgical and 21% transcatheter prostheses) underwent PVL closure with 94% technical success. PVL was moderate or greater in 106 (91%) at baseline and 11 (11%) post-procedure. Diastolic BP for those with moderate or greater PVL was lower than for those with less PVL (50.3 ± 11.7 vs. 56.5 ± 12.4 mmHg, p < .001). Pulse pressure was similar between these groups (69.9 ± 20.3 vs. 67.4 ± 21.2 mmHg, p = .39). 35 patients (34%) had 40 events during a mean follow-up of 1.6 ± 1.9 years (23 deaths, 12 redo AVR, and five redo PVL closures). In a multivariate model, final diastolic BP <47 mmHg (HR 3.27 [1.45-7.36], p = .007) was a significant predictor of the composite endpoint. CONCLUSIONS: Diastolic BP was significantly associated with aortic PVL severity and clinical outcomes after PVL closure. In contrast, pulse pressure did not correlate with PVL severity or outcomes. These findings have implications for clinical management of patients with aortic PVL.

20.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 22(3): 357-364, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514577

RESUMO

AIMS : Increased medial mitral annulus early diastolic velocity (e') plays an important role in the echocardiographic diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis (CP) and mitral e' velocity is also a marker of underlying myocardial disease. We assessed the prognostic implication of mitral e' for long-term mortality after pericardiectomy in patients with CP. METHODS AND RESULTS : We studied 104 surgically confirmed CP patients who underwent echocardiography and cardiac catheterization within 7 days between 2005 and 2013. Patients were classified as primary CP (n = 45) or mixed CP (n = 59) based on the clinical history of concomitant myocardial disease. On multivariable analysis, medial e' velocity and mean pulmonary artery pressure were independently associated with long-term mortality post-pericardiectomy. There were significant differences in survival rates among the groups divided by cut-off values of 9.0 cm/s and 29 mmHg for medial e' and mean pulmonary artery pressure, respectively (both P < 0.001). Ninety-two patients (88.5%) had elevated pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) (≥15 mmHg); there was no significant correlation between medial E/e' and PAWP (r = 0.002, P = 0.998). However, despite the similar PAWP between primary CP and mixed CP groups (21.6 ± 5.4 vs. 21.2 ± 5.8, P = 0.774), all primary CP individuals with elevated PAWP had medial E/e' <15 as opposed to 34 patients (57.6%) in the mixed CP group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION : Increased mitral e' velocity is associated with better outcomes in patients with CP. A paradoxical distribution of the relationship between E/e' and PAWP is present in these patients but there is no direct inverse correlation between them.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...