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1.
J Clin Invest ; 131(6)2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497358

RESUMO

Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is the most frequent developmental anomaly of the enteric nervous system, with an incidence of 1 in 5000 live births. Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is less frequent and classified as neurogenic or myogenic. Isolated HSCR has an oligogenic inheritance with RET as the major disease-causing gene, while CIPO is genetically heterogeneous, caused by mutations in smooth muscle-specific genes. Here, we describe a series of patients with developmental disorders including gastrointestinal dysmotility, and investigate the underlying molecular bases. Trio-exome sequencing led to the identification of biallelic variants in ERBB3 and ERBB2 in 8 individuals variably associating HSCR, CIPO, peripheral neuropathy, and arthrogryposis. Thorough gut histology revealed aganglionosis, hypoganglionosis, and intestinal smooth muscle abnormalities. The cell type-specific ErbB3 and ErbB2 function was further analyzed in mouse single-cell RNA sequencing data and in a conditional ErbB3-deficient mouse model, revealing a primary role for ERBB3 in enteric progenitors. The consequences of the identified variants were evaluated using quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) on patient-derived fibroblasts or immunoblot assays on Neuro-2a cells overexpressing WT or mutant proteins, revealing either decreased expression or altered phosphorylation of the mutant receptors. Our results demonstrate that dysregulation of ERBB3 or ERBB2 leads to a broad spectrum of developmental anomalies, including intestinal dysmotility.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 6087, 2020 11 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33257696

RESUMO

Inositol polyphosphates are vital metabolic and secondary messengers, involved in diverse cellular functions. Therefore, tight regulation of inositol polyphosphate metabolism is essential for proper cell physiology. Here, we describe an early-onset neurodegenerative syndrome caused by loss-of-function mutations in the multiple inositol-polyphosphate phosphatase 1 gene (MINPP1). Patients are found to have a distinct type of Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia with typical basal ganglia involvement on neuroimaging. We find that patient-derived and genome edited MINPP1-/- induced stem cells exhibit an inefficient neuronal differentiation combined with an increased cell death. MINPP1 deficiency results in an intracellular imbalance of the inositol polyphosphate metabolism. This metabolic defect is characterized by an accumulation of highly phosphorylated inositols, mostly inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6), detected in HEK293 cells, fibroblasts, iPSCs and differentiating neurons lacking MINPP1. In mutant cells, higher IP6 level is expected to be associated with an increased chelation of intracellular cations, such as iron or calcium, resulting in decreased levels of available ions. These data suggest the involvement of IP6-mediated chelation on Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia disease pathology and thereby highlight the critical role of MINPP1 in the regulation of human brain development and homeostasis.

3.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 183(5): K1-K5, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805706

RESUMO

Background: Among patients with congenital hypothyroidism, 35% have dyshormonogenesis (DH) with thyroid gland in situ with or without goiter. The majority of DH cases are due to mutations in genes involved in thyroid hormone production as TG, TPO, SLC5A5/NIS, SLC26A4/PDS, IYD/DEHAL1, DUOX2, and DUOXA2, and are usually inherited on an autosomal recessive basis. Most previously reported cases of fetal hypothyroidism and goiter were related to TG or TPO mutations and recently DUOXA2. Patient: In a male patient with antenatal goiter treated with intraamniotic levothyroxine injections, whose long-term follow-up is described in detail, two novel NIS mutations were detected. Mutations of NIS were located in exon 1 (c.52G>A, p.G18R) and exon 13 (c.1546C>T, p.R516X), each mutation was inherited from parents, who are healthy carriers. The p.G18R mutation affecting the first transmembrane domain of the protein can be responsible for deficient iodide uptake. However, the second is a nonsense mutation leading probably to mRNA degradation. In addition, the patient has undergone a thyroidectomy and we have studied the thyroid tissue. The thyroid histology showed heterogeneity with large follicles, epithelial hyperplasia and many areas of fibrosis. Immunohistochemistry with NIS specific antibody showed NIS staining at the basolateral plasma membrane of the thyrocytes. Conclusions: We report the first case of fetal goitrous hypothyroidism due to two novel NIS mutations with access to thyroid tissue of the patient, specific histology studies and long-term follow-up. This case expands our knowledge and provides further insights on molecular causes of fetal goiter in humans.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo Congênito/genética , Bócio/genética , Mutação , Simportadores/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Hipotireoidismo Congênito/tratamento farmacológico , Bócio/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Eur J Paediatr Neurol ; 27: 104-110, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Self-limited focal epilepsies of childhood (SFEC) are amongst the best defined and most frequent epilepsy syndromes affecting children with usually normal developmental milestones. They include core syndromes such as Rolandic epilepsy or "Benign" epilepsy with Centro-Temporal Spikes and the benign occipital epilepsies, the early onset Panayiotopoulos syndrome and the late-onset Gastaut type. Atypical forms exist for all of them. Atypical Rolandic epilepsies are conceptualized as belonging to a continuum reaching from the "benign" RE to the severe end of the Landau-Kleffner (LKS) and Continuous Spike-Waves during Sleep syndromes (CSWS). GRIN2A has been shown to cause the epilepsy-aphasia continuum that includes some patients with atypical Rolandic epilepsy with frequent speech disorders, LKS and CSWS. In the present study, we searched novel genes causing SFEC with typical or atypical presentations. METHODS: Exome sequencing was performed in 57 trios. Patients presented with typical or atypical SFEC, negative for GRIN2A pathogenic variant. RESULTS: We found rare candidate variants in 20 patients. Thirteen had occurred de novo and were mostly associated to atypical Rolandic Epilepsy. Two of them could be considered as disease related: a null variant in GRIN2B and a missense variant in CAMK2A. Others were considered good candidates, including a substitution affecting a splice site in CACNG2 and missense variants in genes encoding enzymes involved in chromatin remodeling. SIGNIFICANCE: Our results further illustrate the fact that atypical SFEC are more likely to have Mendelian inheritance than typical SFEC.


Assuntos
Epilepsias Parciais/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Exoma , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto
6.
Blood ; 136(5): 542-552, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356861

RESUMO

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening hyperinflammatory condition. Primary HLH occurs early in life as a result of monogenic biallelic mutations affecting lymphocyte cytotoxicity. Secondary HLH occurs mostly in adults secondary to infection, lymphoma, or rheumatic disease. In this latter setting, lymphocyte cytotoxicity status is not known. We conducted a systematic evaluation of natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity in adult patients with secondary HLH. Adult patients with secondary HLH were prospectively studied ex vivo for total lymphocyte count and subtype, NK cell phenotype, perforin expression and degranulation, and natural or antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity, in comparison with patients affected by the same underlying disease without HLH (disease controls [DCs]) and with healthy controls (HCs). Screening for variants of cytotoxity genes was systematically performed. 68 patients were included in the HLH group and 34 each in the DC and HC groups. In HLH patients, severe and transient lymphopenia, activated NK cell phenotype (eg, increased CD69, ICAM-1, HLADR, and CCR5 expression), and decreased capacity of interferon γ production were observed; mean perforin expression was normal; and degranulation tests and NK cell cytotoxicity were not different from those in DCs. A monoallelic variant of uncertain significance affecting a lymphocyte cytotoxicity gene or the perforin variant A91V was observed in almost 50% of the patients. We detected no major intrinsic cytotoxicity dysfunction in secondary HLH patients compared with DCs and no predicted pathogenic gene variant. The activated NK phenotype profile associated with decreased interferon γ production seems similar to those of other hyperinflammatory diseases such as sepsis or systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

7.
Am J Hum Genet ; 106(6): 779-792, 2020 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413283

RESUMO

The evolutionarily conserved hedgehog (Hh) pathway is essential for organogenesis and plays critical roles in postnatal tissue maintenance and renewal. A unique feature of the vertebrate Hh pathway is that signal transduction requires the primary cilium (PC) where major pathway components are dynamically enriched. These factors include smoothened (SMO) and patched, which constitute the core reception system for sonic hedgehog (SHH) as well as GLI transcription factors, the key mediators of the pathway. Here, we report bi-allelic loss-of-function variations in SMO in seven individuals from five independent families; these variations cause a wide phenotypic spectrum of developmental anomalies affecting the brain (hypothalamic hamartoma and microcephaly), heart (atrioventricular septal defect), skeleton (postaxial polydactyly, narrow chest, and shortening of long bones), and enteric nervous system (aganglionosis). Cells derived from affected individuals showed normal ciliogenesis but severely altered Hh-signal transduction as a result of either altered PC trafficking or abnormal activation of the pathway downstream of SMO. In addition, Hh-independent GLI2 accumulation at the PC tip in cells from the affected individuals suggests a potential function of SMO in regulating basal ciliary trafficking of GLI2 when the pathway is off. Thus, loss of SMO function results in abnormal PC dynamics of key components of the Hh signaling pathway and leads to a large continuum of malformations in humans.


Assuntos
Alelos , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor Smoothened/genética , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cílios/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Modelos Moleculares , Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Proteínas Nucleares , Linhagem , Proteína Gli2 com Dedos de Zinco , Proteína Gli3 com Dedos de Zinco
8.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 74: 50-56, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334381

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A strategy based on targeted gene panel sequencing identifies possibly pathogenic variants in fewer than 20% of cases in early-onset and familial form of dystonia. By using Whole Exome Sequencing (WES), we aimed to identify the missing genetic causes in dystonic patients without diagnosis despite gene panel sequencing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: WES was applied to DNA samples from 32 patients with early-onset or familial dystonia investigated by sequencing of a 127 movement disorders-associated gene panel. Dystonia was described according to the familial history, body distribution, evolution pattern, age of onset, associated symptoms and associated movement disorders. Rate of diagnoses was evaluated for each clinical feature. RESULTS: We identified causative variants for 11 patients from 9 families in CTNNB1, SUCLG1, NUS1, CNTNAP1, KCNB1, RELN, GNAO1, HIBCH, ADCK3 genes, yielding an overall diagnostic rate of 34.4%. Diagnostic yield was higher in complex dystonia compared to non-complex dystonia (66.7%-5.9%; p < 0.002), especially in patients showing intellectual disability compared to the patients without intellectual disability (87.5%-16.7%; p < 0.002). CONCLUSION: Our approach suggests WES as an efficient tool to improve the diagnostic yield after gene panel sequencing in dystonia. Larger study are warranted to confirm a potential genetic overlap between neurodevelopmental diseases and dystonia.

10.
Mov Disord ; 35(5): 880-885, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The group of dystonia genes is expanding, and mutations of these genes have been associated with various combined dystonia syndromes. Among the latter, the cause of some dystonia parkinsonism cases remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To report patients with early-onset dystonia parkinsonism as a result of loss-of-function mutations in nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A member 2. METHODS: Phenotypic characterization and exome sequencing were carried out in 2 families. RESULTS: The 2 patients reported here both had a history of mild intellectual disability in childhood and subsequently developed dystonia parkinsonism in early adulthood. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal, and DATscan suggested bilateral dopaminergic denervation. Two frameshift mutations in NR4A2 were identified: a de novo insertion (NM_006186.3; c.326dupA) in the first case and another small insertion (NM_006186.3; c.881dupA) in the second. CONCLUSIONS: NR4A2 haploinsufficiency mutations have been recently reported in neurodevelopmental phenotypes. Our findings indicate that dystonia and/or parkinsonism may appear years after initial symptoms. Mutations in NR4A2 should be considered in patients with unexplained dystonia parkinsonism. © 2020 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

11.
Blood ; 135(6): 441-448, 2020 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826245

RESUMO

The rare PEL-negative phenotype is one of the last blood groups with an unknown genetic basis. By combining whole-exome sequencing and comparative global proteomic investigations, we found a large deletion in the ABCC4/MRP4 gene encoding an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter in PEL-negative individuals. The loss of PEL expression on ABCC4-CRISPR-Cas9 K562 cells and its overexpression in ABCC4-transfected cells provided evidence that ABCC4 is the gene underlying the PEL blood group antigen. Although ABCC4 is an important cyclic nucleotide exporter, red blood cells from ABCC4null/PEL-negative individuals exhibited a normal guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate level, suggesting a compensatory mechanism by other erythroid ABC transporters. Interestingly, PEL-negative individuals showed an impaired platelet aggregation, confirming a role for ABCC4 in platelet function. Finally, we showed that loss-of-function mutations in the ABCC4 gene, associated with leukemia outcome, altered the expression of the PEL antigen. In addition to ABCC4 genotyping, PEL phenotyping could open a new way toward drug dose adjustment for leukemia treatment.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Grupos Sanguíneos/genética , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética , Agregação Plaquetária , Plaquetas/citologia , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Células Eritroides/citologia , Células Eritroides/metabolismo , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Fenótipo
12.
J Clin Invest ; 130(1): 335-344, 2020 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613795

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDProteinuria is considered an unfavorable clinical condition that accelerates renal and cardiovascular disease. However, it is not clear whether all forms of proteinuria are damaging. Mutations in CUBN cause Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome (IGS), which is characterized by intestinal malabsorption of vitamin B12 and in some cases proteinuria. CUBN encodes for cubilin, an intestinal and proximal tubular uptake receptor containing 27 CUB domains for ligand binding.METHODSWe used next-generation sequencing for renal disease genes to genotype cohorts of patients with suspected hereditary renal disease and chronic proteinuria. CUBN variants were analyzed using bioinformatics, structural modeling, and epidemiological methods.RESULTSWe identified 39 patients, in whom biallelic pathogenic variants in the CUBN gene were associated with chronic isolated proteinuria and early childhood onset. Since the proteinuria in these patients had a high proportion of albuminuria, glomerular diseases such as steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome or Alport syndrome were often the primary clinical diagnosis, motivating renal biopsies and the use of proteinuria-lowering treatments. However, renal function was normal in all cases. By contrast, we did not found any biallelic CUBN variants in proteinuric patients with reduced renal function or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Unlike the more N-terminal IGS mutations, 37 of the 41 proteinuria-associated CUBN variants led to modifications or truncations after the vitamin B12-binding domain. Finally, we show that 4 C-terminal CUBN variants are associated with albuminuria and slightly increased GFR in meta-analyses of large population-based cohorts.CONCLUSIONCollectively, our data suggest an important role for the C-terminal half of cubilin in renal albumin reabsorption. Albuminuria due to reduced cubilin function could be an unexpectedly common benign condition in humans that may not require any proteinuria-lowering treatment or renal biopsy.FUNDINGATIP-Avenir program, Fondation Bettencourt-Schueller (Liliane Bettencourt Chair of Developmental Biology), Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) Investissements d'avenir program (ANR-10-IAHU-01) and NEPHROFLY (ANR-14-ACHN-0013, to MS), Steno Collaborative Grant 2018 (NNF18OC0052457, to TSA and MS), Heisenberg Professorship of the German Research Foundation (KO 3598/5-1, to AK), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) KIDGEM 1140 (project 246781735, to CB), and Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMB) (01GM1515C, to CB).


Assuntos
Albuminúria , Anemia Megaloblástica , Túbulos Renais Proximais , Síndromes de Malabsorção , Mutação , Proteinúria , Receptores de Superfície Celular , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12 , Albuminúria/epidemiologia , Albuminúria/genética , Albuminúria/metabolismo , Albuminúria/patologia , Anemia Megaloblástica/epidemiologia , Anemia Megaloblástica/genética , Anemia Megaloblástica/metabolismo , Anemia Megaloblástica/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Túbulos Renais Proximais/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais Proximais/patologia , Síndromes de Malabsorção/epidemiologia , Síndromes de Malabsorção/genética , Síndromes de Malabsorção/metabolismo , Síndromes de Malabsorção/patologia , Masculino , Proteinúria/epidemiologia , Proteinúria/genética , Proteinúria/metabolismo , Proteinúria/patologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12/genética , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12/metabolismo , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12/patologia
14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 545339, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692749

RESUMO

Objective: To elucidate the molecular cause in a well-characterized cohort of patients with Congenital Hypothyroidism (CH) and Dyshormonogenesis (DH) by using targeted next-generation sequencing (TNGS). Study design: We studied 19 well-characterized patients diagnosed with CH and DH by targeted NGS including genes involved in thyroid hormone production. The pathogenicity of novel mutations was assessed based on in silico prediction tool results, functional studies when possible, variant location in important protein domains, and a review of the recent literature. Results: TNGS with variant prioritization and detailed assessment identified likely disease-causing mutations in 10 patients (53%). Monogenic defects most often involved TG, followed by DUOXA2, DUOX2, and NIS and were usually homozygous or compound heterozygous. Our review shows the importance of the detailed phenotypic description of patients and accurate analysis of variants to provide a molecular diagnosis. Conclusions: In a clinically well-characterized cohort, TNGS had a diagnostic yield of 53%, in accordance with previous studies using a similar strategy. TG mutations were the most common genetic defect. TNGS identified gene mutations causing DH, thereby providing a rapid and cost-effective genetic diagnosis in patients with CH due to DH.

15.
Blood ; 134(3): 277-290, 2019 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151987

RESUMO

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a recessive disorder typified by bone marrow failure and predisposition to hematological malignancies. SDS is predominantly caused by deficiency of the allosteric regulator Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome that cooperates with elongation factor-like GTPase 1 (EFL1) to catalyze release of the ribosome antiassociation factor eIF6 and activate translation. Here, we report biallelic mutations in EFL1 in 3 unrelated individuals with clinical features of SDS. Cellular defects in these individuals include impaired ribosomal subunit joining and attenuated global protein translation as a consequence of defective eIF6 eviction. In mice, Efl1 deficiency recapitulates key aspects of the SDS phenotype. By identifying biallelic EFL1 mutations in SDS, we define this leukemia predisposition disorder as a ribosomopathy that is caused by corruption of a fundamental, conserved mechanism, which licenses entry of the large ribosomal subunit into translation.


Assuntos
Mutação , Fatores de Alongamento de Peptídeos/genética , Fatores de Iniciação de Peptídeos/biossíntese , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U5/genética , Síndrome de Shwachman-Diamond/genética , Síndrome de Shwachman-Diamond/metabolismo , Adolescente , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Modelos Moleculares , Linhagem , Fatores de Alongamento de Peptídeos/química , Fatores de Alongamento de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Conformação Proteica , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U5/química , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U5/metabolismo , Síndrome de Shwachman-Diamond/diagnóstico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
16.
Hum Mol Genet ; 28(16): 2720-2737, 2019 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042281

RESUMO

Mutations in genes encoding components of the intraflagellar transport (IFT) complexes have previously been associated with a spectrum of diseases collectively termed ciliopathies. Ciliopathies relate to defects in the formation or function of the cilium, a sensory or motile organelle present on the surface of most cell types. IFT52 is a key component of the IFT-B complex and ensures the interaction of the two subcomplexes, IFT-B1 and IFT-B2. Here, we report novel IFT52 biallelic mutations in cases with a short-rib thoracic dysplasia (SRTD) or a congenital anomaly of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT). Combining in vitro and in vivo studies in zebrafish, we showed that SRTD-associated missense mutation impairs IFT-B complex assembly and IFT-B2 ciliary localization, resulting in decreased cilia length. In comparison, CAKUT-associated missense mutation has a mild pathogenicity, thus explaining the lack of skeletal defects in CAKUT case. In parallel, we demonstrated that the previously reported homozygous nonsense IFT52 mutation associated with Sensenbrenner syndrome [Girisha et al. (2016) A homozygous nonsense variant in IFT52 is associated with a human skeletal ciliopathy. Clin. Genet., 90, 536-539] leads to exon skipping and results in a partially functional protein. Finally, our work uncovered a novel role for IFT52 in microtubule network regulation. We showed that IFT52 interacts and partially co-localized with centrin at the distal end of centrioles where it is involved in its recruitment and/or maintenance. Alteration of this function likely contributes to centriole splitting observed in Ift52-/- cells. Altogether, our findings allow a better comprehensive genotype-phenotype correlation among IFT52-related cases and revealed a novel, extra-ciliary role for IFT52, i.e. disruption may contribute to pathophysiological mechanisms.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Centrossomo/metabolismo , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Mutação , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas de Transporte/química , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cílios/metabolismo , Consanguinidade , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Genótipo , Homozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Ligação Proteica , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas/genética , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/metabolismo , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Peixe-Zebra
17.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(7): 1304-1309, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004414

RESUMO

The spectrum of clinical consequences of variants in the Platelet derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFRB) gene is wide. Missense variants leading to variable loss of signal transduction in vitro have been reported in the idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (IBGC) syndrome Type 4. In contrast, gain-of-function variants have been reported in infantile myofibromatosis, Penttinen syndrome, and Kosaki overgrowth syndrome. Here, we report a patient harboring a novel postzygotic variant in PDGFRB (c.1682_1684del, p.[Arg561_Tyr562delinsHis]) and presenting severe cerebral malformations, intracerebral calcifications, and infantile myofibromatosis. This observation expands the phenotype associated with PDGFRB variants and illustrates the wide clinical spectrum linked to dysregulation of PDGFRB.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/anormalidades , Calcinose/genética , Miofibromatose/genética , Receptor beta de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto
18.
J Invest Dermatol ; 139(2): 380-390, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30321533

RESUMO

Investigation of genetic determinants of Mendelian skin disorders has substantially advanced understanding of epidermal biology. Here we show that mutations in PERP, encoding a crucial component of desmosomes, cause both dominant and recessive human keratoderma. Heterozygosity for a C-terminal truncation, which produces a protein that appears to be unstably incorporated into desmosomes, causes Olmsted syndrome with severe periorificial and palmoplantar keratoderma in multiple unrelated kindreds. Homozygosity for an N-terminal truncation ablates expression and causes widespread erythrokeratoderma, with expansion of epidermal differentiation markers. Both exhibit epidermal hyperproliferation, immature desmosomes lacking a dense midline observed via electron microscopy, and impaired intercellular adhesion upon mechanical stress. Localization of other desmosomal components appears normal, which is in contrast to other conditions caused by mutations in genes encoding desmosomal proteins. These discoveries highlight the essential role of PERP in human desmosomes and epidermal homeostasis and further expand the heterogeneous spectrum of inherited keratinization disorders.


Assuntos
Desmossomos/patologia , Epiderme/patologia , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Adulto , Adesão Celular/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Códon sem Sentido , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Desmossomos/ultraestrutura , Epiderme/ultraestrutura , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Mutação da Fase de Leitura , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Microscopia Eletrônica , Adulto Jovem
19.
Nat Genet ; 51(1): 196, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429576

RESUMO

In the version of this article originally published, the main-text sentence "In three patients of European ancestry, we identified the germline variant encoding p.Ile97Met in TIM-3, which was homozygous in two (P12 and P13) and heterozygous in one (P15) in the germline but with no TIM-3 plasma membrane expression in the tumor" misstated the identifiers of the two homozygous individuals, which should have been P13 and P14. The error has been corrected in the HTML, PDF and print versions of the paper.

20.
EMBO Mol Med ; 10(12)2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30446499

RESUMO

The genetic causes of congenital hypothyroidism due to thyroid dysgenesis (TD) remain largely unknown. We identified three novel TUBB1 gene mutations that co-segregated with TD in three distinct families leading to 1.1% of TUBB1 mutations in TD study cohort. TUBB1 (Tubulin, Beta 1 Class VI) encodes for a member of the ß-tubulin protein family. TUBB1 gene is expressed in the developing and adult thyroid in humans and mice. All three TUBB1 mutations lead to non-functional α/ß-tubulin dimers that cannot be incorporated into microtubules. In mice, Tubb1 knock-out disrupted microtubule integrity by preventing ß1-tubulin incorporation and impaired thyroid migration and thyroid hormone secretion. In addition, TUBB1 mutations caused the formation of macroplatelets and hyperaggregation of human platelets after stimulation by low doses of agonists. Our data highlight unexpected roles for ß1-tubulin in thyroid development and in platelet physiology. Finally, these findings expand the spectrum of the rare paediatric diseases related to mutations in tubulin-coding genes and provide new insights into the genetic background and mechanisms involved in congenital hypothyroidism and thyroid dysgenesis.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/citologia , Plaquetas/patologia , Mutação , Agregação Plaquetária , Disgenesia da Tireoide/genética , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Disgenesia da Tireoide/patologia
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