Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 3 de 3
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 24(4): 1094-100, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23898670

RESUMO

Taking the long-term reforestation experimental base established in a severely degraded sub-tropical hilly red soil region in Taihe County of Jiangxi Province in 1991 as the object, this paper studied the changes of soil nutrients and microbial communities after 19 years reforestation of Pinus elliottii forest, Liquidambarformosana forest, and P. elliotti-L. formosana forest, with the naturally restored grassland as the control. The soil organic carbon content in the L. formosana and P. elliottii-L. formosana forests (15.16+/-3.53 and 16.42+/-0.49 g kg-1, respectively) was significantly higher than that in the control (9.30+/-1.13 g kg-1), the soil total phosphorus content was in the order of the control (0.30+/-0.02 g kg-1) > P. elliottii-L. formosana forest (0.22+/-0.04 g kg-1 ) > L. formosana forest (0.14+/-0.01 g kg-1 ), while the soil available phosphorus content was 1.66+/-0.02 mg kg-1 in L. formosana forest, 2.47+/-0. 27 mg kg- in P. elliottii-L. formosana forest, and 1. 15+/-0.71 mg kg-1 in P. elliottii forest, being significantly higher than that in the control (0.01+/-0.00 mg kg-1). The total amounts of soil microbes, the amount and percentage of soil bacteria, and the amount of inorganic and organic phosphate-solubilizing microbes in L. formosana forest and P. elliottii-L. formosana forest were all significantly higher than those in P. elliottii forest and the control, while the amount and percentage of soil fungi and the percentage of soil actinomycetes in L. formosana forest and P. elliottii-L. formosana forest were significantly lower than those in the control. The soil organic carbon content was significantly positively correlated with the percentage of soil bactera, but negatively correlated with the percentage of soil fungi and actinomycetes, while the soil available phosphorus content was significantly positively correlated with the amount of organic phosphate-solubilizing microes, but not with the amount of inorganic phosphate-solubilizing microbes. It was suggested that L. formosana forest and P. elliottii-L. formosana forest could be the recommended reforestation models in sub-tropical degraded red soil region.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Clima Tropical
2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 23(2): 468-74, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22586974

RESUMO

A 9-year observation was conducted at the experimental plots in the Citrus reticulata plantation in Jiangxi Provincial Eco-Technology Park to study the eco-hydrological characteristics and soil conservation benefits of the plantation on slope red soil. Seven treatments were designed and monitored over nine years. The average flow and the rate of sediment for the seven treatments were reduced by 78.5% and 77.2%, respectively. The reduction rates were the highest in treatments band coverage of Paspalum natatu, whole coverage of P. natatu, and level terrace with grass on ridge, with the values of 94.8%, 94.3% and 92.5%, respectively, followed by in treatment intercropping Glycine max (66.0%) and Raphanus sativus (77.5%), with horizontal planting being better than vertical planting, and the lowest in treatment without understory vegetation (33.1%). The observations on the precipitation redistribution of 43 rainfall events with a mean precipitation of 20.07 mm in 2009-2010 showed that the throughfall, stemflow, and canopy interception were 9.15, 4.72 and 6.20 mm, accounting for 44.7%, 25.7% and 29.6% of the precipitation, respectively. The throughfall and stemflow tended to increase with increasing precipitation. There was a significant liner negative correlation between the canopy interception rate and the precipitation when the rainfall was less than 10 mm, but no significant correlation when the rainfall was greater than 10 mm. The water holding rate of C. reticulata litters was logarithmically correlated with water soaking time, and the maximum water holding rate was 326%. It was considered that rational allocation of understory vegetation played an important role in the soil and water conservation of citrus orchard on slope red soil.


Assuntos
Citrus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Solo/análise , Água/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental
3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 22(4): 992-8, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21774323

RESUMO

An investigation was made at a double-rice paddy field in the Qiyang Red Soil Field Experimental Station, Hunan Province, China to study the species and biomass of weeds growing in rice (Oryza sativa L.) growth season after 34-year application of sulfur (SO4(2-)) and chloride (Cl(-))-containing chemical fertilizers under the same application rates of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). Long-term application of Cl(-)-containing chemical fertilizer resulted in the greatest species number of weeds and the highest biomass of floating weeds and wet weeds, compared with long-term application of SO4(2-) and Cl(-) +SO4(2-)-containing chemical fertilizers. In early rice growth season, the biomass of weeds after applying Cl(-)-containing chemical fertilizer was 51.4% and 17.6% higher than that after applying Cl(-) + SO4(2-) and SO4(2-)-containing chemical fertilizers, respectively; in late rice growth season, the increment was 144% and 242%, respectively. More floating weeds were observed after applying Cl(-) + SO4(2-) and SO4(2-)-containing chemical fertilizers, but few of them were found after applying Cl(-)-containing chemical fertilizer. The total dry mass of weeds and the dry mass of wet weeds were positively correlated with soil Cl(-) content (r = 0.764, P < 0.01 and r = 0.948, P < 0.01, respectively), but negatively correlated with soil SO4(2-)-S content (r = 0.849, P < 0.01 and r = 0.641, P < 0.05). Soil alkali-hydrolyzable N and available P, under the co-effects of soil SO4(2-)-S, Cl(-), and pH, had indirect effects on the total dry mass of weeds. By adopting various fertilization measures to maintain proper soil pH and alkali-hydrolyzable N and available P contents, increase soil SO42(-)-S content, and decrease soil Cl(-) content, it could be possible to effectively inhibit the growth of wet weeds and to decrease the total biomass of weeds in double-rice paddy field.


Assuntos
Cloretos/farmacologia , Fertilizantes , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Daninhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Poaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Enxofre/farmacologia , China , Ecossistema , Nitrogênio/farmacologia , Fósforo/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA