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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35412198

RESUMO

Transgenic technology is now widely used in biomedical and agricultural fields. Transgenesis is commonly achieved through random integration which might cause some uncertain consequences. The site-specific integration could avoid this disadvantage. This study aimed to screen and validate the best safe harbor (SH) locus for efficient porcine transgenesis. First, the cells carrying the EGFP reporter construct at four different SH loci (ROSA26, AAVS1, H11 and COL1A1) were achieved through CRSIPR/Cas9-mediated HDR. At the COL1A1 and ROSA26 loci, a higher mRNA and protein expression of EGFP was detected, and it was correlated with a lower level of DNA methylation of the EGFP promoter, hEF1α. A decreased H3K27me3 modification of the hEF1α promoter at the COL1A1 locus was also detected. For the safety of transgenesis at different SH locus, we found that transgenesis could relatively alter the expression of the adjacent endogenous genes, but the influence was limited. We also did not observe any off-target cleavage for the selected sgRNAs of the COL1A1 and ROSA26 loci. In conclusion, the COL1A1 and ROSA26 were confirmed to be the best two SH loci with the COL1A1 being more competitive for porcine transgenesis. This work would greatly facilitate porcine genome engineering and transgenic pig production.

2.
Poult Sci ; 101(4): 101706, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35121233

RESUMO

Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is an avian pathogen that commonly causes respiratory diseases in poultry. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a sulfur-containing natural compound that could alleviate inflammatory injury through its excellent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. However, it is still unclear whether MSM prevents MG infection. The purpose of this study is to determine whether MSM has mitigative effects on MG-induced inflammatory injury in chicken and chicken like macrophages (HD11 cells). In this research, White Leghorn chickens and HD11 cells were used to build the MG-infection model. Besides, the protective effects of MSM against MG infection were evaluated by detecting MG colonization, histopathological changes, oxidative stress and inflammatory injury of trachea, and HD11 cells. The results revealed that MG infection induced inflammatory injury and oxidative stress in trachea and HD11 cells. However, MSM treatment significantly ameliorated oxidative stress, partially alleviated the abnormal morphological changes and reduced MG colonization under MG infection. Moreover, MSM reduced the mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokines-related genes and decreased the number of death cells under MG infection. Importantly, the protective effects of MSM were associated with suppression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and extracellular signal-related kinases (ERK)/Jun amino terminal kinases (JNK)-mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) pathway in trachea and HD11 cells. These results proved that MSM has protective effects on MG-induced inflammation in chicken, and supplied a better strategy for the protective intervention of this disease.


Assuntos
Infecções por Mycoplasma , Mycoplasma gallisepticum , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Galinhas/metabolismo , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/veterinária , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Infecções por Mycoplasma/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/veterinária , Mycoplasma gallisepticum/fisiologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais , Sulfonas , Traqueia/metabolismo
3.
Vet Microbiol ; 265: 109330, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995932

RESUMO

The respiratory microbiota plays a significant role in the host defense against Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) infection. The results showed that MG infection changed respiratory microbiota composition, which lead to the tracheal inflammation injury and oxidative stress. MG infection significantly induced immunosuppression in chickens at day 3 and 5 post-infection. In addition, MG infection increased the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines in tracheal tissues and activated TLR4 mediated JAK/STAT signaling pathway at day 3 post-infection compared to the control group. Meanwhile, the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines were decreased and the expressions of JAK/STAT signaling pathway were decreased at day 5 and day 7 post-infection. On the contrary, the expressions of anti-inflammatory cytokines were significantly decreased at day 3 post-infection and were increased at day 5 and day 7 post-infection in the MG infection group. The antibiotic cocktail group received the respiratory microbiota from the MG infection group, which induced inflammatory injury and oxidative stress, induced mucosal barrier damage by down regulating tight junction-related genes and altered the expressions of mucin, which could be the possible causes of dysregulated immune responses. Importantly, the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines were significantly decreased and TLR4 mediated JAK/STAT signaling pathway was downregulated at day 1 and 3 post-transplantation. While, respiratory microbiota transplanted from MG infection significantly increased the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines and activated JAK/STAT signaling at day 7 post-transplantation. These results highlighted the role of respiratory microbiota in MG-induced tracheal inflammation injury, and offered a new strategy for the preventive intervention of this disease.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Infecções por Mycoplasma , Mycoplasma gallisepticum , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Galinhas , Inflamação/veterinária , Infecções por Mycoplasma/veterinária , Mycoplasma gallisepticum/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Traqueia
4.
Injury ; 53(4): 1361-1367, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35082056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH) is a pathological state caused by lack of blood supply in femoral head. This study aimed to explore the function of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP), an antioxidant agent extracted from L. barbarum, on ONFH. METHODS: Osteonecrosis rat model was generated using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and methylprednisolone followed by examination of body weight, blood glucose, morphology, and BMSC osteoblast differentiation. The effect and underlying mechanism of LBP on the proliferation, apoptosis, and osteoblast differentiation of BMSC were determined with or without LPS or hypoxia treatment using CCK-8. Alizarin Red S staining, flow cytometry, and western blot, respectively. RESULT: LBP could protect against glucocorticoid-induced ONFH in rats, resulting in improved sparse trabecular bone, empty lacunae and bone cell coagulation. Moreover, LBP promoted the proliferation and osteoblast differentiation of bone mesenchymal-derived stem cells (BMSCs) in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, LBP enhanced osteoblast differentiation of BMSCs under hypoxia condition. Mechanistically, we found that LBP treatment enhanced Runx2 and ALP expression in BMSCs. LBP restored the expression of Runx2 and ALP under hypoxia, suggesting that LBP might be involved in regulating Runx2/ALP expression and contributed to osteoblast differentiation. Knockdown of Runx2 significantly inhibited BMSCs proliferation, while LBP treatment did not rescue the osteoblast differentiation ability of BMSCs with Runx2 knockdown. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested that LBP protects against ONFH via regulating Runx2 expression, which could be utilized to treat patients suffering ONFH.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/induzido quimicamente , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Osteogênese , Ratos
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 819: 153160, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35051466

RESUMO

Organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) have been ubiquitously detected in dust and air which could cause damage to human health through inhalation. Currently the understanding of their adverse effects and potential mechanisms on the lung are still limited. In this study, human non-small cell lung cancer cell line NCI-H1975 was used to investigate the cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, cellular apoptosis of 9 typical OPFRs with concentrations varied from 0 to 200 µM, and their toxic mechanism associated with molecular structure was compared. After 72 h, tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) displayed the highest cytotoxicity, followed by 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate (EHDPP), tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP) and tris(2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCIPP), while tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) and tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (TEHP) exhibited the least suppression on cell viability. These results indicated that the variation of cytotoxicity on OPFRs could only be partially explained by their ester linkage. Moreover, the overexpression of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), free Ca2+ and cellular apoptosis suggested that exposure to OPFRs can lead to apoptosis related to oxidative stress. Six genes associated with oxidative stress and apoptosis were upregulated dramatically compared with the control, demonstrating OPFRs induced Chop/Caspase 3-related apoptosis by activating Sod1/p53/Map3k6/Fkbp5 expression in NCI-H1975 cells. This is the first study to investigate cytotoxicity and related mechanism on commonly-used OPFRs in NCI-H1975 cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Retardadores de Chama , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Apoptose , Caspase 3 , Monitoramento Ambiental , Retardadores de Chama/análise , Retardadores de Chama/toxicidade , Humanos , Organofosfatos/toxicidade , Compostos Organofosforados , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase-1 , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53
6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 230: 113105, 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954678

RESUMO

Simazine is a triazine pesticides that typically detected in ground water and soil, and can reportedly affect reproductive health in humans and animals. However, the effect of simazine on female germ cell development remains unclear. In the present study, we observed that simazine exposure decreased oocyte maturation competence and embryonic developmental capacity. Importantly, simazine exposure disrupted microtubule stability and actin polymerization, resulting in failure of spindle assembly and migration. In addition, simazine exposure impaired mitochondrial function and cytosolic Ca2+ homeostasis in both oocyte and 2-cell embryos, thus increasing the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, simazine exposure induced DNA damage and early apoptosis during oocyte maturation. Collectively, our results demonstrate that simazine exposure-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis are major causes of poor oocytes quality.

7.
Poult Sci ; 100(11): 101437, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547622

RESUMO

Mycoplasma gallisepticum (M. gallisepticum), a devastating avian pathogen that commonly causes chronic respiratory disease in chicken, is responsible for tremendous economic losses to the poultry industry. Baicalin is the main constituent of Scutellaria baicalensis that shows potential therapeutic effects against M. gallisepticum. However, the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) profiles of baicalin against M. gallisepticum are not well understood. The main objective of the present study was to determine the relationship between the PK/PD index and efficacy of baicalin in the M. gallisepticum infection model in chickens. The experiments were carried out on 10-day-old chickens that were challenged with M. gallisepticum in the bilateral air sacs. While, baicalin was orally administrated once in a day for 3 consecutive days, started from d 3 postinfection. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) was used to evaluate the PK parameters of baicalin at doses of 200, 400, and 600 mg/kg in M. gallisepticum-infected chickens. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was used for the quantitative detection of M. gallisepticum in lungs. The PK and PD data were fitted to WinNonlin software to evaluate the PK/PD profiles of baicalin against M. gallisepticum. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of baicalin against M. gallisepticum strain Rlow was 31.25 µg/mL. The in vivo data suggested that baicalin concentration in the lung tissues was higher than plasma (1.21-1.73 times higher). The ratios of AUC24h/MIC of baicalin against bacteriostatic, bactericidal, and eradication were 0.62, 1.33, and 1.49 h, respectively. In conclusion, these results provided potential reference for future clinical dose selection of baicalin and evaluation of susceptibility breakpoints.


Assuntos
Infecções por Mycoplasma , Mycoplasma gallisepticum , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Galinhas , Flavonoides , Infecções por Mycoplasma/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/veterinária , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 708980, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295902

RESUMO

Hexestrol (HES) is a synthetic non-steroidal estrogen that was widely used illegally to boost the growth rate in livestock production and aquaculture. HES can also be transferred to humans from treated animals and the environment. HES has been shown to have an adverse effect on ovarian function and oogenesis, but the potential mechanism has not been clearly defined. To understand the potential mechanisms regarding how HES affect female ovarian function, we assessed oocyte quality by examining the critical events during oocyte maturation. We found that HES has an adverse effect on oocyte quality, indicated by the decreased capacity of oocyte maturation and early embryo development competency. Specifically, HES-exposed oocytes exhibited aberrant microtubule nucleation and spindle assembly, resulting in meiotic arrest. In addition, HES exposure disrupted mitochondrial distribution and the balance of mitochondrial fission and fusion, leading to aberrant mitochondrial membrane potential and accumulation of reactive oxygen species. Lastly, we found that HES exposure can increase cytosolic Ca2+ levels and induce DNA damage and early apoptosis. In summary, these results demonstrate that mitochondrial dysfunction and perturbation of normal mitochondrial fission and fusion dynamics could be major causes of reduced oocyte quality after HES exposure.

9.
Langmuir ; 37(30): 9009-9016, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296609

RESUMO

The presence of noncondensable gas (NCG) followed by undesirable heat transfer deterioration cannot be avoided in some situations. In this work, droplet nucleation and growth for the Ar-Ne mixed system are investigated using molecular dynamics simulation. Different droplet state transition modes corresponding to the subcooling degree or NCG content are obtained. The interaction between NCG and a droplet caused by gas enrichment near the solid surface is considered to explain the droplet wetting state during the condensation process. Finally, the disappearance mechanism of the flooding mode on the nanostructured surface under a large amount of NCG is clarified from the nanoscale, which could encourage a clear understanding of the NCG effect on dropwise condensation heat transfer on nanostructured superhydrophobic surfaces.

10.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(9)2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33925901

RESUMO

Heat transfer in a porous solid-gas mixture system is an important process for many industrial applications. Optimization design of heat insulation material is very important in many fields such as pipe insulation, thermal protection of spacecraft, and building insulation. Understanding the micro-mechanism of the solid-gas coupling effect is necessary for the design of insulation material. The prediction of thermal conductivity is difficult for some kinds of porous materials due to the coupling impact of solid and gas. In this study, the Grand Canonical Monte Carlo method (GCMC) and molecular dynamics simulation (MD) are used to investigate the thermal conductivity for the ordered porous structures of intersecting square rods. The effect of gas concentration (pressure) and solid-gas interaction on thermal conductivity is revealed. The simulation results show that for different framework structures the pressure effect on thermal conductivity presents an inconsistent mode which is different from previous studies. Under the same pressure, the thermal conductivity is barely changed for different interactions between gas and solid phases. This study provides the feasibility for the direct calculation of thermal conductivity for porous structures coupling gas and solid phases using molecular dynamics simulation. The heat transfer in porous structures containing gas could be understood on a fundamental level.

11.
Poult Sci ; 100(2): 1154-1166, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518074

RESUMO

In animals, the adaptation to breed at the time of greatest survival of the young is known as seasonal reproduction. This is mainly controlled by the photoperiod, which stimulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and starts the breeding season. Herein, we have determined the seasonal changes in gene expression patterns of Zhedong white geese pituitary glands under a natural photoperiodism, conducted at autumn equinox (AE), winter solstice (WS), spring equinox (SE), and summer solstice (SS). Pairwise comparisons of WS vs. AE, SE vs. WS, SS vs. SE, and AE vs. SS resulted in 1,139, 33, 704, and 3,503 differently expressed genes, respectively. When compared with SS, AE showed downregulation of genes, such as vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor, prolactin receptor, and thyroid hormone receptor beta, whereas gonadotropin-releasing hormone II receptor was upregulated, indicating that these genes may be responsible for the transition from cessation to egg laying. In addition, the expression levels of 5 transcription factors (POU1F1, Pitx2, NR5A1, NR4A2, and SREBF2) and 6 circadian clock-associated genes (Clock, Per2, ARNTL2, Eya3, Dio2, and NPAS2) also changed seasonally. Gene Ontology term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis revealed that "response to oxidative stress" and steroid biosynthesis pathway also participate in regulating the reproduction seasonality of geese. Overall, these results contribute to the identification of genes involved in seasonal reproduction, enabling a better understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying seasonal reproduction of geese.


Assuntos
Gansos/fisiologia , Hipófise/fisiologia , Reprodução/fisiologia , Transcriptoma , Animais , Galinhas , Relógios Circadianos/genética , Feminino , Gansos/genética , Fotoperíodo , Reprodução/genética , Estações do Ano
12.
Adv Drug Deliv Rev ; 168: 229-245, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275950

RESUMO

The extreme shortage of human donor organs for treatment of patients with end-stage organ failures is well known. Xenotransplantation, which might provide unlimited organ supply, is a most promising strategy to solve this problem. Domestic pigs are regarded as ideal organ-source animals owing to similarity in anatomy, physiology and organ size to humans as well as high reproductive capacity and low maintenance cost. However, several barriers, which include immune rejection, inflammation and coagulative dysfunctions, as well as the cross-species transmission risk of porcine endogenous retrovirus, blocked the pig-to-human xenotransplantation. With the rapid development of genome engineering technologies and the potent immunosuppressive medications in recent years, these barriers could be eliminated through genetic modification of pig genome together with the administration of effective immunosuppressants. A number of candidate genes involved in the regulation of immune response, inflammation and coagulation have been explored to optimize porcine xenograft survival in non-human primate recipients. PERV inactivation in pigs has also been accomplished to firmly address the safety issue in pig-to-human xenotransplantation. Many encouraging preclinical milestones have been achieved with some organs surviving for years. Therefore, the clinical trials of some promising organs, such as islet, kidney and heart, are aimed to be launched in the near future.


Assuntos
Engenharia Genética/métodos , Transplante Heterólogo/métodos , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Retrovirus Endógenos , Rejeição de Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Recombinação Homóloga , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/prevenção & controle
13.
Langmuir ; 36(45): 13716-13724, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147034

RESUMO

The condensate flooding during dropwise condensation causes serious deterioration in heat transfer performance. In this study, the three-dimensional large-scale molecular dynamics simulation is carried out to investigate the droplet state transition from local flooding mode to Wenzel or from Wenzel to Cassie due to the droplet coalescence under the effect of nanostructure size. In particular, the effect of nanostructure breakage on droplet nucleation and growth is discussed to reveal the mechanism of dropwise condensation heat transfer deterioration. As a potential solution, the lubricant-impregnated surface is proposed to recover the preferred Cassie state by regulating the dynamic wetting characteristics of droplets, and thus the detrimental effect of nanostructure breakage could be effectively avoided.

14.
Langmuir ; 36(48): 14728-14736, 2020 12 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225710

RESUMO

Because of its promising applications in various fields such as in vivo drug treatment, in-pipe inspection, and so forth, there is an increasing interest on wireless soft robot boats taking advantages of their shape adaptability. The loading capacity and mobility, however, are always fundamental challenges to restrict their applications. In this study, a graphene-based soft robot boat, which could be programmable-driven by a remote near-infrared light, is proposed. Different microstructures underneath the boat are carefully designed and employed to improve both the loading capacity and the moving ability. It reveals that, compared to that without microstructures, the soft robot boat with square pillar arrays (120-160 µm of period, duty cycle, and aspect ratio at active Wenzel/Cassie transition point) could enhance the loading capacity by 12.75% and the moving velocity by 16.70%. For the robot boat with grating structures, a strong driving anisotropy is revealed, with an enhancement of 2.24% for the loading capacity and 34.65% for the driving response along the grating lines. A boat prototype with a self-weight of 6.05 g is finally developed and can achieve continuous navigation in a closed narrow space for in situ monitoring, which may find applications in the inspection of other narrow terrains (e.g., blood vessels).

15.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2015, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072069

RESUMO

Trichinella infection can induce macrophages into the alternatively activated phenotype, which is primarily associated with the development of a polarized Th2 immune response. In the present study, we examined the immunomodulatory effect of T. spiralis thioredoxin peroxidase-2 (TsTPX2), a protein derived from T. spiralis ES products, in the regulation of Th2 response through direct activation of macrophages. The location of TsTPX2 was detected by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence analyses. The immune response in vivo induced by rTsTPX2 was characterized by analyzing the Th2 cytokines and Th1 cytokines in the peripheral blood. The rTsTPX2-activated macrophages (MrTsTPX2) were tested for polarization, their ability to evoke naïve CD4+ T cells, and resistance to the larval infection after adoptive transfer in BALB/c mice. The immunolocalization analysis showed TsTPX2 in cuticles and stichosome of T. spiralis ML. The immunostaining was detected in cuticles and stichosome of T. spiralis Ad3 and ML, as well as in tissue-dwellings around ML after the intestines and muscle tissues of infected mice were incubated with anti-rTsTPX2 antibody. Immunization of BALB/c mice with rTsTPX2 could induce a Th1-suppressing mixed immune response given the increased levels of Th2 cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10) production along with the decreased levels of Th1 cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-12, and TNF-α). In vitro studies showed that rTsTPX2 could directly drive RAW264.7 and peritoneal macrophages to the M2 phenotype. Moreover, MrTsTPX2 could promote CD4+ T cells polarized into Th2 type in vitro. Adoptive transfer of MrTsTPX2 into mice suppressed Th1 responses by enhancing Th2 responses and exhibited a 44.7% reduction in adult worm burden following challenge with T. spiralis infective larval, suggesting that the TsTPX2 is a potential vaccine candidate against trichinosis. Our study showed that TsTPX2 would be at least one of the molecules to switch macrophages into the M2 phenotype during T. spiralis infection, which provides a new therapeutic approach to various inflammatory disorders like allergies or autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Helminto/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Trichinella spiralis/fisiologia , Triquinelose/imunologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Resistência à Doença , Feminino , Proteínas de Helminto/genética , Imunidade Celular , Imunomodulação , Ativação de Macrófagos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Peroxirredoxinas/genética
16.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 212, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate an innovative open necrosectomy strategy with continuous positive drainage and prophylactic diverting loop ileostomy for the management of late infected pancreatic necrosis (LIPN). METHODS: Consecutive patients were divided into open necrosectomy (ON) group (n = 23), open necrosectomy with colonic segment resection (ON+CSR) group (n = 8) and open necrosectomy with prophylactic diverting loop ileostomy (ON+PDLI) group (n = 11). Continuous positive drainage (CPD) via double-lumen irrigation-suction tube (DLIST) was performed in ON+PDLI group. The primary endpoints were duration of organ failure after surgery, postoperative complication, the rate of re-surgery and mortality. The secondary endpoints were duration of hospitalization, cost, time interval between open surgery and total enteral nutrition (TEN). RESULTS: The recovery time of organ function in ON+PDLI group was shorter than that in other two groups. Colonic complications occurred in 13 patients (56.5%) in the ON group and 3 patients (27.3%) in the ON+PDLI group (p = 0.11). The length of stay in the ON+PDLI group was shorter than the ON group (p = 0.001). The hospitalization cost in the ON+PDLI group was less than the ON group (p = 0.0052). CONCLUSION: ON+PDLI can avoid the intestinal dysfunction, re-ileostomy, the resection of innocent colon and reduce the intraoperative trauma. Despite being of colonic complications before or during operation, CPD + PDLI may show superior effectiveness, safety, and convenience in LIPN.


Assuntos
Infecções Intra-Abdominais , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda , Drenagem , Humanos , Ileostomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Parasit Vectors ; 13(1): 251, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The morphological and molecular identification of mites is challenging due to the large number of species, the microscopic size of the organisms, diverse phenotypes of the same species, similar morphology of different species and a shortage of molecular data. METHODS: Nine medically important mite species belonging to six families, i.e. Demodex folliculorum, D. brevis, D. canis, D. caprae, Sarcoptes scabiei canis, Psoroptes cuniculi, Dermatophagoides farinae, Cheyletus malaccensis and Ornithonyssus bacoti, were collected and subjected to DNA barcoding. Sequences of cox1, 16S and 12S mtDNA, as well as ITS, 18S and 28S rDNA from mites were retrieved from GenBank and used as candidate genes. Sequence alignment and analysis identified 28S rDNA as the suitable target gene. Subsequently, universal primers of divergent domains were designed for molecular identification of 125 mite samples. Finally, the universality of the divergent domains with high identification efficiency was evaluated in Acari to screen DNA barcodes for mites. RESULTS: Domains D5 (67.65%), D6 (62.71%) and D8 (77.59%) of the 28S rRNA gene had a significantly higher sequencing success rate, compared to domains D2 (19.20%), D3 (20.00%) and D7 (15.12%). The successful divergent domains all matched the closely-related species in GenBank with an identity of 74-100% and a coverage rate of 92-100%. Phylogenetic analysis also supported this result. Moreover, the three divergent domains had their own advantages. D5 had the lowest intraspecies divergence (0-1.26%), D6 had the maximum barcoding gap (10.54%) and the shortest sequence length (192-241 bp), and D8 had the longest indels (241 bp). Further universality analysis showed that the primers of the three divergent domains were suitable for identification across 225 species of 40 families in Acari. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed that domains D5, D6 and D8 of 28S rDNA are universal DNA barcodes for molecular classification and identification of mites. 28S rDNA, as a powerful supplement for cox1 mtDNA 5'-end 648-bp fragment, recommended by the International Barcode of Life (IBOL), will provide great potential in molecular identification of mites in future studies because of its universality.


Assuntos
Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Ácaros/classificação , Ácaros/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 28S/genética , Animais , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
MycoKeys ; 66: 135-157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377155

RESUMO

New collections of six Squamarina species from type localities in China were studied. The comparison of morphological characteristics and secondary metabolites with those of the type specimens and phylogenetic analyses suggest that S. callichroa and S. pachyphylla belong to Rhizoplaca, S. semisterilis belongs to Lobothallia and S. chondroderma should be retained in Lecanora temporarily. Only two species, S. kansuensis and S. oleosa, remain in Squamarina. The new combinations Lobothallia semisterilis (H. Magn.) Y. Y. Zhang, Rhizoplaca callichroa (Zahlbr.) Y. Y. Zhang and R. pachyphylla (H. Magn.) Y. Y. Zhang are proposed. Detailed descriptions to aid the identification of these species, distributions and phylogenetic trees, based on multiple collections, are presented. The generic concept of Squamarina is recircumscribed in this study.

19.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 30(3): 227-232, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977971

RESUMO

To establish a continuous reinfusion of succus entericus and enteral nutrition (EN) in complex high-output fistula (HOF). Percutaneous puncture and catheterization technique was used to establish continuous reinfusion of succus entericus and EN in complex HOF. From May 2010 to June 2018, 21 patients with complex HOF used continuous reinfusion of succus entericus and EN. Six of them were completely cured, and 15 cases were cured after definitive surgery. Percutaneous puncture and catheterization technique was shown to be a useful and effective method for establishing continuous reinfusion of succus entericus and EN in patients with complex HOF. This method can prevent succus entericus loss and remove the barrier to implementing EN in HOF.


Assuntos
Colostomia , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Fístula Intestinal/terapia , Secreções Intestinais , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Fístula Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Intestinal/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nutrição Parenteral , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Surg Endosc ; 34(3): 1191-1199, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Healing of gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)-induced ulcer is critical for patient recovery. During ESD treatment, submucosal incisions are made with an electrosurgical knife to accomplish en bloc resections of superficial lesions. Nevertheless, excess electrocoagulation may decrease the blood supply of ESD-induced ulcer and delay the ulcer healing. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative electrocoagulation followed by porcine fibrin sealant (FS) as a wound microvessels-protective hemostatic technique in promoting the healing of ESD-induced ulcer. METHODS: A total of 332 patients with early gastric cancer (EGCs), or gastric precancerous lesion and gastric adenoma were retrospectively analyzed. Propensity score matching was used to compensate for the differences in age, gender, tumor location, resected specimen area, and pathology. One-month ulcer healing rates and delayed bleeding were compared between two matched groups (combined hemostats group and electrocautery group). RESULTS: A total of 115 matched pairs were created after propensity score matching. There was no difference in tumor location, specimen surface area, tumor differentiation and invasion depth between groups. The completed healing rate 1 month after ESD was 44.3% in combined hemostats group and 30.4% in electrocautery group (P = 0.004). There was no difference in delayed massive bleeding rate between two groups (P = 0.300). In addition, based on the multivariate regression analysis for ulcer healing rate, the use of FS (OR, 0.348, 95% CI 0.196 - 0.617, P = 0.000) and larger specimen size (OR, 2.640, 95% CI 2.015-3.458, P = 0.000) were associated with nonhealing ulcer 1 month after ESD. CONCLUSION: Applying conservative electrocoagulation followed by porcine FS as a wound microvessels-protective hemostatic technique can promote ESD-induced ulcer healing without increasing delayed bleeding.


Assuntos
Eletrocoagulação , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Úlcera Gástrica/terapia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Técnicas Hemostáticas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Úlcera Gástrica/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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