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1.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 706241, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733242

RESUMO

Long interspersed element 1 (LINE-1 or L1) is the only active autonomous retrotransposon in the human genome that can serve as an endogenous upstream activator of cytoplasmic nucleic acid sensing pathways to elicit an antiviral immune response. In this study, we investigated the influence of enteroviral infection on L1 mobility. The results showed that infection with different enteroviruses, both EV-D68 and EV-A71, blocked L1 transposition. We screened diverse viral accessory proteins for L1 activity and identified EV-D68 2A, 3A, 3C, and EV-A71 ORF2p proteins as viral L1 inhibitors. EV-D68 2A suppressed L1 mobility by expression suppression of L1 proteins. Viral proteins 3A and 3C restricted ORF2p-mediated L1 reverse transcription in isolated L1 ribonucleoproteins. The newly identified enteroviral protein ORF2p inhibited the expression of L1 ORF1p. Altogether, our findings shed light on the strict modulation of L1 retrotransposons during enterovirus replication.

2.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(40): 6927-6938, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative hepatitis B core-related antigen (qHBcrAg) has a better correlation with intrahepatic hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) than HBV DNA or hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), but data are still lacking for its clinical application. AIM: The aim was to investigate serum qHBcrAg levels in patients with chronic hepatitis B and assess the correlation of serum qHBcrAg with pregenomic RNA (pgRNA), cccDNA, and HBeAg seroconversion. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of patients who underwent percutaneous liver biopsy between July 2014 and June 2019 in two multicenter randomized controlled clinical trials of peginterferon vs nucleos(t)ide analog (NUC)-based therapy (NCT03509688 and NCT03546530). Serum qHBcrAg, pgRNA, HBV DNA, hepatitis B core antigen, HBeAg, liver cccDNA, and HBV DNA were measured. The correlations of serum qHBcrAg with other biomarkers were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 139 patients were included. The mean qHBcrAg levels were 5.32 ± 1.18 log10 U/mL at baseline and decreased during treatment (all P < 0.0001). Serum qHBcrAg levels were positively correlated with pgRNA (r = 0.597, P < 0.0001) and cccDNA (r = 0.527, P < 0.0001) levels. The correlation of serum qHBcrAg level and intrahepatic HBV DNA levels at baseline was weak but significant (r = 0.399, P < 0.0001). HBcrAg predicted HBeAg seroconversion, with areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve of 0.788 at 24 wk and 0.825 at 48 wk. Log HBcrAg at wk 24 and 48 was independently associated with HBeAg seroconversion [odds ratio (OR) = 2.402, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.314-4.391, P = 0.004; OR = 3.587, 95%CI: 1.315-9.784, P = 0.013]. CONCLUSION: Serum HBcrAg levels were correlated with HBV virological markers and could be used to predict HBeAg seroconversion.


Assuntos
Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , DNA Viral/uso terapêutico , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Soroconversão
3.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 732478, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776958

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Therapeutic drugs that are used to treat cholestatic liver disease are limited; however, the results of clinical trials on primary biliary cholangitis treatment targeting peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are encouraging. In this study, we aimed to identify the effects of MBT1805, a novel balanced PPARα/γ/δ agonist, on cholestasis induced by α-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) and elucidate the underlying mechanisms through untargeted and bile acid-targeted metabolomic analysis. Methods: Levels of serum biochemical indicators (transaminase, aspartate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin) and liver histopathology were analyzed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of MBT1805 on ANIT-induced cholestasis in C57BL/6 mice. Untargeted and bile acid-targeted metabolomic analysis of liver tissues was performed using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UPLC-MC/MC). qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis were carried out to measure the expression of key enzymes and transporters regulating bile acid synthesis, biotransformation, and transport. Results: MBT1805 significantly improved abnormal levels of liver biochemical indicators and gallbladder enlargement induced by ANIT. Histopathological analysis showed that MBT1805 effectively relieved ANIT-induced necrosis, vacuolation, and inflammatory infiltration. Untargeted metabolomic analysis identified 27 metabolites that were involved in the primary biliary acid biosynthesis pathway. In addition, bile acid-targeted metabolomics showed that MBT1805 could alleviate the abnormal bile acid content and composition induced by ANIT. Furthermore, qRT-PCR and Western blot results confirmed that MBT1805 could effectively regulate bile acid synthesis, biotransformation, and transport which helps relieve cholestasis. Conclusions: MBT1805 is a potential candidate drug for cholestasis, with a balanced PPARα/γ/δ activation effect.

4.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487151

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pradefovir is a liver-targeted prodrug of adefovir, a nucleotide analog with antiviral activity against hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA polymerase. This phase 2 study compared the efficacy and safety of oral pradefovir (30mg, 45mg, 60mg, and 75mg) versus tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF; 300mg) and aimed to identify the most appropriate dose of pradefovir for the forthcoming phase 3 study. METHODS: Treatment-naive and experienced (not on treatment >6 months) patients with chronic hepatitis B were eligible. RESULTS: A total of 240 participants were randomized and treated in the study (48 per group). Approximately 80% were HBeAg positive and 10% had liver cirrhosis. The reductions from baseline in HBV DNA levels achieved at week 24 were 5.40, 5.34, 5.33, and 5.40 log10 IU/ml with pradefovir doses of 30mg, 45mg, 60mg, and 75mg, respectively, compared to 5.12 log10 IU/ml with TDF. However, HBeAg loss was attained by more participants who received 45mg, 60mg or 75mg pradefovir than those receiving TDF (12%, 6%, 9% vs. 3%). The TDF group exhibited a more significant increase in serum creatinine than the pradefovir 30mg or 45mg groups, and serum phosphate levels were comparable among all groups. Most adverse events were mild (grade 1). No treatment-related severe adverse events were reported. Overall, adverse events and laboratory abnormalities were comparable to the TDF group. CONCLUSIONS: Pradefovir exhibited comparable reductions in HBV DNA levels to TDF. All treatments were safe and well tolerated.

5.
Viruses ; 13(9)2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578380

RESUMO

HDV infection causes severe liver disease, the global health burden of which may be underestimated due to limited epidemiological data. HDV depends on HBV for infection, but recent studies indicated that dissemination can also be supported by other helper viruses such as HCV. We used a rapid point-of-care test and an ELISA to retrospectively test for antibodies against the Hepatitis Delta antigen (anti-HDV-Ab) in 4103 HBsAg-positive and 1661 HBsAg-negative, anti-HCV-positive sera from China and Germany. We found that the HDV seroprevalence in HBsAg-positive patients in China is limited to geographic hotspots (Inner Mongolia: 35/251, 13.9%; Xinjiang: 7/180, 3.9%) and high-risk intravenous drug users (HBV mono-infected: 23/247, 9.3%; HBV-HCV co-infected: 34/107, 31.8%), while none of the 2634 HBsAg carriers from other metropolitan regions were anti-HDV-Ab-positive. In Germany, we recorded an HDV seroprevalence of 5.3% in a university hospital environment. In a cohort of HBsAg-negative, anti-HCV-positive patients that were not exposed to HBV before (anti-HBc-negative), HDV was not associated with HCV mono-infection (Chinese high-risk cohort: 0/365, 0.0%; German mixed cohort: 0/263, 0.0%). However, 21/1033 (2.0%) high-risk HCV patients in China with markers of a previously cleared HBV infection (anti-HBc-positive) were positive for anti-HDV-Ab, with two of them being positive for both HDV and HCV RNA but negative for HBV DNA. The absence of anti-HDV-Ab in HCV mono-infected patients shows that HCV cannot promote HDV transmission in humans.

6.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 40(1): 278, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a lethal brain tumor, remains the most daunting challenge in cancer therapy. Overexpression and constitutive activation of PDGFs and PDGFRα are observed in most GBM; however, available inhibitors targeting isolated signaling pathways are minimally effective. Therefore, better understanding of crucial mechanisms underlying GBM is needed for developing more effective targeted therapies. METHODS: Target genes controlled by HIF1α in GBM were identified by analysis of TCGA database and by RNA-sequencing of GBM cells with HIF1α knockout by sgRNA-Cas9 method. Functional roles of HIF1α, PDGFs and PDGFRs were elucidated by loss- or gain-of-function assays or chemical inhibitors, and compared in response to oxygen tension. Pharmacological efficacy and gene expression in mice with intracranial xenografts of primary GBM were analyzed by bioluminescence imaging and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: HIF1α binds the PDGFD proximal promoter and PDGFRA intron enhancers in GBM cells under normoxia or mild-hypoxia to induce their expression and maintain constitutive activation of AKT signaling, which in turn increases HIF1α protein level and activity. Paradoxically, severe hypoxia abrogates PDGFRα expression despite enhancing HIF1α accumulation and corresponding PDGF-D expression. Knockout of HIF1A, PDGFD or PDGFRA in U251 cells inhibits cell growth and invasion in vitro and eradicates tumor growth in vivo. HIF1A knockdown in primary GBM extends survival of xenograft mice, whereas PDGFD overexpression in GL261 shortens survival. HIF1α inhibitor Echinomycin induces GBM cell apoptosis and effectively inhibits growth of GBM in vivo by simultaneously targeting HIF1α-PDGFD/PDGFRα-AKT feedforward pathway. CONCLUSIONS: HIF1α orchestrates expression of PDGF-D and PDGFRα for constitutive activation of AKT pathway and is crucial for GBM malignancy. Therefore, therapies targeting HIF1α should provide an effective treatment for GBM.

7.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 54(9): 1134-1149, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tenofovir amibufenamide (TMF) can provide more efficient delivery than tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF). AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of TMF and TDF for 48 weeks in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: We performed a randomised, double-blind, non-inferiority study at 49 sites in China. Patients with CHB were assigned (2:1) to receive either 25 mg TMF or 300 mg TDF with matching placebo. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA less than 20 IU/mL at week 48. We also assessed safety, particularly bone, renal and metabolic abnormalities. RESULTS: We randomised 1002 eligible patients. The baseline characteristics were well balanced between groups. After a median 48 weeks of treatment, the non-inferiority criterion was met in all analysis sets. In the HBeAg-positive population, 50.2% of patients receiving TMF and 53.7% receiving TDF achieved HBV DNA less than 20 IU/mL. In the HBeAg-negative population, 88.9% and 87.8%, respectively, achieved HBV DNA less than 20 IU/mL in the TMF and TDF groups. Patients receiving TMF had significantly less decrease in bone mineral density at both hip (P < 0.001) and spine (P < 0.001), and a smaller increase in serum creatinine at week 48 (P < 0.05). Other safety results were similar between groups. CONCLUSION: TMF was non-inferior to TDF in terms of anti-HBV efficacy and showed better bone and renal safety. (NCT03903796).


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , DNA Viral , Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Tenofovir/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Viral
9.
Hepatology ; 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIM: HBV DNA can be reduced using antiviral drugs in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB); however, the rate of HBeAg seroconversion remains low. A clinical trial was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of a de novo designed liposome-based nanoparticle lipopeptide vaccine, εPA-44, for CHB. APPROACH & RESULTS: A two-stage phase II trial, which included a 76-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (stage 1) and a 68-week open-label extension (stage 2), was conducted in 15 centers across China (Clinicaltrials.gov number, NCT00869778). In stage 1, 360 HLA-A2-positive and HBeAg-positive patients were randomly and equally distributed to receive six subcutaneous injections of 600 µg or 900 µg εPA-44 or placebo at week 0, 4, 8, 12, 20, and 28. In stage 2, 183 patients received extended 900 µg εPA-44 and 26 patients were observed for relapse without further treatment. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients with HBeAg seroconversion at week 76. At week 76, patients receiving 900 µg εPA-44 achieved significantly higher HBeAg seroconversion rate (38.8%) vs. placebo (20.2%) (95% CI, 6.9-29.6%; P=0.002). With a combined endpoint of HBeAg seroconversion, ALT normalization and HBV DNA <2000 IU/mL, both 900 µg (18.1%) and 600 µg (14.3%) resulted in significantly higher rate vs. placebo (5.0%) (P=0.002 and P=0.02, respectively) at week 76. In stage 2, none (0/20) of 900 µg εPA-44 treated patients experienced serologic relapse. The safety profile of εPA-44 was comparable to that of placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Among progressive CHB patients with HLA-A2-positive, a finite duration of 900 µg εPA-44 monotherapy resulted in significantly higher HBeAg seroconversion rate than placebo and sustained off-treatment effect. A phase III trial is ongoing (ChiCTR2100043708).

10.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 165: 105923, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recombinant human albumin (rHA) is an alternative to human serum albumin (HSA) for treating ascites in cirrhosis patients. This study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability, immunogenicity, and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) of rHA in healthy subjects to guide the design for further clinical trials. METHODS: Healthy subjects aged 18-55 years were enrolled in this double-blinded, first-in-human, placebo-controlled single ascending dose (SAD) (1.25, 5, 10, 20, or 30g) and positive-controlled multiple-dose study (3-day treatment of 10g/day for three cycles every three weeks). The safety was assessed by adverse events (AEs). Antibodies (IgE and IgD) and cytokines were analyzed for immunogenicity. Serum albumin levels and changes in plasma colloid osmotic pressure (PCOP) and hematocrit (HCT) were measured for PK/PD analysis. RESULTS: rHA was well tolerated as all AEs were assessed as mild or moderate. No severe allergy or difference in the incidence of AEs was observed among the different cohorts in the SAD study or in the different cycles in the multiple-dose study. The incidence of AEs was similar for the rHA and HSA cohort. Antibodies or cytokines showed no changes after drug administration. As expected, serum albumin levels and PCOP increases, and HCT ratio decreases were dose-related with significant differences (p < 0.01). No differences were observed between rHA and HSA. CONCLUSION: rHA is safe and well-tolerated in healthy Chinese subjects. rHA and HSA exhibited similar safety, tolerability, and PK/PD profiles. The results support further evaluation of rHA treatment in cirrhotic patients with ascites. The clinical trial registration numbers are CTR20191221 (http://www.chinadrugtrials.org.cn/clinicaltrials.searchlistdetail.dhtml).


Assuntos
Albumina Sérica Humana , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos
11.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 65(10): e0122021, 2021 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280012

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus capsid assembly modulators (HBV CAMs) are promising, clinically validated therapeutic agents for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of GST-HG141, a novel HBV CAM, were evaluated in healthy Chinese volunteers. This phase Ia study included two parts: a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled single-ascending-dose (SAD) (50, 100, 200, 300, 400, or 500 mg) study comprising a food-effect investigation (300 mg) and a multiple-ascending-dose (MAD) (100 or 200 mg twice daily) study. GST-HG141 reached the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) at 1.25 to 3.00 h (median Tmax). The exposure exhibited a linear increase, while the mean half-life (t1/2) ranged from 13.096 h to 22.121 h. The exposure of GST-HG141 (300 mg) was higher after food intake by about 2.4-fold. In the MAD study, steady state was reached at around day 5, and the mean trough steady-state concentrations were 423 and 588 ng/ml for 50- and 100-mg cohorts, respectively. The ratios of GST-HG141 accumulation were <1.5. GST-HG141 was well tolerated in healthy Chinese subjects. The rates of adverse events in the GST-HG141 cohort did not differ from those of the placebo cohort. GST-HG141 was tolerated in healthy Chinese subjects. The safety and PK profiles of GST-HG141 support the further evaluation of its efficacy in individuals with CHB. (This study has been registered in ClinicalTrials.gov under identifier NCT04536337.).


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Administração Oral , Área Sob a Curva , Capsídeo , China , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Voluntários Saudáveis , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos
12.
Eur J Immunol ; 51(10): 2452-2463, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324208

RESUMO

Abundant long-lived liver-resident macrophages, termed Kupffer cells, are activated during chronic liver injury. They secrete both pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic cytokines, which act on hepatic stellate cells causing their transdifferentiation into myofibroblasts that deposit collagen. In other tissues, wound-associated macrophages go further, and transdifferentiate into fibrocytes, secreting collagen themselves. We tested Kupffer cells for this property in two experimental models: mixed non-parenchymal cell culture, and precision-cut liver slice culture. Using the Emr1-Cre transgene as a driver and the RiboTag transgene as a reporter, we found that Kupffer cells undergo transdifferentiation under these circumstances. Over time, they lose the expression of both Kupffer cell-specific and macrophage-specific genes and the transcription factors that control their expression, and they begin to express multiple genes and proteins characteristic of either myofibroblasts or tissue fibroblasts. These effects were strongly conserved between non-parenchymal cell culture and liver tissue slice culture, arguing that such transdifferentiation is a conserved function of Kupffer cells. We conclude that in addition to supporting fibrosis through an action on stellate cells, Kupffer cells also participate in liver fibrosis through transdifferentiation into fibrocytes.

13.
Oncol Rep ; 46(2)2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132377

RESUMO

Following the publication of this paper, it was drawn to the Editors' attention by a concerned reader that certain of the western blotting data shown in Fig. 3C, 4D, 5A and 6D bore unexpected similarities to data appearing in different form in other articles by different authors. Owing to the fact that the contentious data in the above article had already been published elsewhere, or were already under consideration for publication, prior to its submission to Oncology Reports, the Editor has decided that this paper should be retracted from the Journal. After having been in contact with the authors, they agreed with the decision to retract the paper. The Editor apologizes to the readership for any inconvenience caused. [the original article was published in Oncology Reports 34: 3272­3279, 2015; DOI: 10.3892/or.2015.4321].

14.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 54(3): 329-338, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34157146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is typically associated with metabolic dysfunction, but its impact on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). AIM: To study the effect of obesity on HCC development in patients with CHB receiving antiviral therapy. METHODS: We included patients from a Chinese multicentre, prospective, observational, treated CHB cohort in this study. General obesity was evaluated by body-mass index (BMI). Central obesity was evaluated by waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio. RESULTS: A total of 5754 nucleos(t)ide analogue treated patients were enrolled in the analysis. The 5-year cumulative incidence of HCC was 2.9%. Waist-to-height ratio performed better in predicting HCC development than BMI, waist circumference or waist-to-hip ratio. Patients with central obesity (defined as waist-to-height ratio >0.5) had significantly higher 5-year incidence of HCC than those without central obesity in the overall population (3.9% vs 2.1%, hazard ratio [HR]: 2.06, P = 0.0001) and 745 propensity score matched pairs (4.7% vs 2.3%, HR: 2.04, P = 0.026), respectively. Besides cirrhosis status and aMAP HCC risk score, central obesity was also independently associated with HCC risk (HR: 1.63, P = 0.013). Waist-to-height ratio gain within 1 year was associated with a significantly higher HCC risk with an adjusted HR value of 1.88 (95% confidence interval: 1.12-3.13, P = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Central obesity, evaluated by the waist-to-height ratio, was associated with a twofold increase in HCC risk among CHB patients receiving antiviral treatment, highlighting the important role of abnormal metabolic function in the progression of liver disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Obesidade Abdominal , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 10(1): 1200-1208, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044749

RESUMO

ABSTRACTSeveral nairo-like viruses have been discovered in ticks in recent years, but their relevance to public health remains unknown. Here, we found a patient who had a history of tick bite and suffered from a febrile illness was infected with a previously discovered RNA virus, Beiji nairovirus (BJNV), in the nairo-like virus group of the order Bunyavirales. We isolated the virus by cell culture assay. BJNV could induce cytopathic effects in the baby hamster kidney and human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Negative-stain electron microscopy revealed enveloped and spherical viral particles, morphologically similar to those of nairoviruses. We identified 67 patients as BJNV infection in 2017-2018. The median age of patients was 48 years (interquartile range 41-53 years); the median incubation period was 7 days (interquartile range 3-12 days). Most patients were men (70%), and a few (10%) had underlying diseases. Common symptoms of infected patients included fever (100%), headache (99%), depression (63%), coma (63%), and fatigue (54%), myalgia or arthralgia (45%); two (3%) patients became critically ill and one died. BJNV could cause growth retardation, viremia and histopathological changes in infected suckling mice. BJNV was also detected in sheep, cattle, and multiple tick species. These findings demonstrated that the newly discovered nairo-like virus may be associated with a febrile illness, with the potential vectors of ticks and reservoirs of sheep and cattle, highlighting its public health significance and necessity of further investigation in the tick-endemic areas worldwide.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bunyaviridae/virologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/virologia , Nairovirus , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/virologia , Adulto , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Infecções por Bunyaviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Bunyaviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Bunyaviridae/fisiopatologia , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/imunologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Febre , Genoma Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nairovirus/classificação , Nairovirus/genética , Nairovirus/imunologia , Nairovirus/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/imunologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/fisiopatologia , Carrapatos/virologia , Viremia
16.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(4): 1335-1336, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33889743

RESUMO

Cyperus iria L. is an annual weed of the family Cyperaceae, which plays an important role in the environmental remediation of uranium contaminate. Here, the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of Cyperus iria has been reconstructed from the complete genome Illumina sequencing data. The complete cp genome was 185,697 bp in length, containing a large single copy region (LSC) of 99,360 bp and a small single copy region (SSC) of 10,267 bp, which were separated by a pair of 38,035 bp inverted repeat regions (IRs). The cp genome contained 135 genes, including 89 protein-coding genes (PCGs), eight rRNA genes, and 38 tRNA genes. The cp genome has a GC content of 33.16%. Further, the phylogenetic analysis showed a strong sister relationship with Cyperus rotundus.

17.
Mol Biol Rep ; 48(3): 2803-2815, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730288

RESUMO

Chronic liver diseases are attributed to liver injury. Development of fibrosis from chronic liver diseases is a dynamic process that involves multiple molecular and cellular processes. As the first to be impacted by injury, liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) are involved in the pathogenesis of liver diseases caused by a variety of etiologies. Moreover, capillarization of LSECs has been recognized as an important event in the development of chronic liver diseases and fibrosis. Studies have reported that various cytokines (such as vascular endothelial growth factor, transforming growth factor-ß), and pathways (such as hedgehog, and Notch), as well as epigenetic and metabolic factors are involved in the development of LSEC-mediated liver fibrosis. This review describes the complexity and plasticity of LSECs in fibrotic liver diseases from several perspectives, including the cross-talk between LSECs and other intra-hepatic cells. Moreover, it summarizes the mechanisms of several kinds of LSECs-targeting anti-fibrosis chemicals, and provides a theoretical basis for future studies.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Mecanotransdução Celular
18.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(7): 1619-1630, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that the costimulatory molecule 4-1BB plays pivotal roles in regulating immunity during chronic viral infection. However, up to now, there are few studies about 4-1BB in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). AIM: To clarify this issue, we report our comprehensive study results on the expression levels of 4-1BB in patients with CHB. METHODS: From September 2018 to June 2019, a total of 64 patients with CHB were recruited from the Department of Hepatology, The First Hospital of Jilin University. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 52 treatment-naïve and 12 entecavir-treated patients with CHB as well as 37 healthy donors (including 24 healthy adults and 13 healthy children). The levels of soluble 4-1BB (s4-1BB) in plasma were measured by ELISA. 4-1BB mRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. RESULTS: The s4-1BB levels in the plasma of patients with CHB were significantly higher than those in healthy adults (94.390 ± 7.393 ng/mL vs 8.875 ± 0.914 ng/mL, P < 0.001). In addition, the s4-1BB level in plasma was significantly increased in patients with a higher viral load and a disease flare up. However, there were no significant differences between treatment-naïve and entecavir-treated patients. Interestingly, among treatment-naïve patients with CHB, the levels of s4-1BB in plasma had a significant positive correlation with hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis B virus DNA, hepatitis B e antigen, and triglyceride levels (r = 0.748, P < 0.001; r = 0.406, P = 0.004; r = 0.356, P = 0.019 and r = -0.469, P = 0.007, respectively). The 4-1BB mRNA expression was higher in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with CHB than in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy adults, but the difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the levels of s4-1BB may be associated with pathogenesis of hepatitis B virus and therefore may be a promising biomarker for disease progression.

19.
Life Sci ; 273: 119302, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662427

RESUMO

Src homolog and collagen homolog (SHC) proteins are adaptor proteins bound to cell surface receptors that play an important role in signal transduction and related diseases. As an important member of the SHC protein family, SHC1 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and oxidative stress. Three isomeric proteins namely, p46shc, p52shc, and p66shc, are produced from the same SHC1 gene locus. All the three proteins are found in the liver, and are widely expressed in various hepatic cells. SHC1 has been proven to be associated with acute and chronic liver injuries of different etiologies, and plays important roles in liver fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore, this review summarizes recent studies that discuss and explore the role of SHC1 in the occurrence and progression of liver diseases. We also provide a theoretical basis for future studies.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Lesão Pulmonar/patologia , Proteína 1 de Transformação que Contém Domínio 2 de Homologia de Src/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Lesão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Virol J ; 18(1): 4, 2021 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum hepatitis B virus RNA (HBV RNA) has been reported to be a surrogate marker of intrahepatic cccDNA during nucleos(t)ide analogs therapy. However, in HBeAg-positive patients treated with peg-interferon (peg-IFN), whether HBV RNA is superior to other HBV markers in reflecting cccDNA profile is still unclear. METHODS: Serum HBV RNA, HBcrAg, HBV DNA, and HBsAg were longitudinally assessed among 30 HBeAg-positive patients during 48-week peg-IFN treatment. Besides, intrahepatic cccDNA was detected at baseline and week 48 respectively. Then, the individual correlations between HBV RNA, HBcrAg, HBV DNA, HBsAg, and cccDNA were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: HBV RNA levels decreased more rapidly in patients with HBeAg seroconversion than those without HBeAg seroconversion. Among all patients, cccDNA correlated better with HBV RNA than with HBcrAg, HBV DNA, and HBsAg at baseline. After 48 weeks peg-IFN treatment, cccDNA still correlated more strongly with HBV RNA than other HBV markers. Further analysis indicated that in patients with HBeAg seroconversion cccDNA strongly correlated with HBV RNA and HBcrAg, whereas not correlate with HBV DNA and HBsAg. While in patients without HBeAg seroconversion, cccDNA highly correlated with HBV RNA and HBV DNA, moderately correlated with HBcrAg, and not correlated with HBsAg. CONCLUSION: Compared to HBcrAg, HBV DNA, and HBsAg, serum HBV RNA correlated more strongly with intrahepatic cccDNA levels before and after 48-week peg-IFN treatment. The level of serum HBV RNA may be a superior surrogate marker in reflecting the intrahepatic cccDNA profile in HBeAg-positive patients during peg-IFN treatment. Trial registration ClinicalTrials, NCT03546530. Registered 1 January 2015. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?cond=&term=NCT03546530 .


Assuntos
DNA Circular/análise , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Interferons/uso terapêutico , RNA Viral/sangue , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Fígado/virologia , Masculino , Soroconversão , Adulto Jovem
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