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1.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490929

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of cryoablation in patients with lung nodules mainly composed of ground-glass opacities (GGOs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 50 patients (mean age, 65.0 ± 12.3; 28 women) diagnosed with lung GGO nodules who underwent cryoablation were included (from June 2016-June 2021). The local recurrence rate, the incidence of regional metastases to lymph nodes, the incidence of distant metastases, adverse events, and the lung function condition were analyzed. RESULTS: Follow-up computed tomography (CT) was performed an average of 33 months (range, 3-60 months) after the cryoablation procedure. Outcomes were only evaluated in 30 patients. A total of 20 patients were excluded: 10 patients had no cancer detected at histopathological analysis and were diagnosed with CT scan or positron emission tomography-CT (PET/CT), and the other 10 patients had nodules with a diameter of less than 10 mm and a consolidation-to-tumor ratio (CTR) of more than 0.25, and thus histopathological analysis was not performed due to small nodule size and patients were diagnosed with CT or PET/CT. The local recurrence rate was 0% (0 of 30). Evidence of regional metastases of the lymph nodes was not found in any patients (0%; 0 of 30), and the incidence of distant metastases was 0% (0 of 30). No major complications were noted. Lung function recovered to normal within one month after cryoablation in all patients. CONCLUSION: Cryoablation may serve as a safe and feasible option for the treatment of lung nodules mainly composed of GGOs.

2.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 10(2): 190-196, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528984

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is an emerging local ablation therapy which may be effective for unresectable tumors. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous IRE in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) abutting the diaphragm. Methods: A total of 26 participants with 39 tumors abutting the diaphragm were prospectively evaluated between July 2015 and September 2018. Complications associated with IRE were recorded, and the survival benefit of IRE was analyzed. The factors associated with time to local tumor progression (LTP) were analyzed using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models. Results: No major complications or treatment-related deaths occurred. The technical success rate was 96.2% (25/26) and complete ablation rate was 92.3% (36/39). The median follow-up period was 16.7 months (range: 3.0-43.0 months), the LTP occurred in 15.2% of tumors and median time to LTP was 20.4 months. Overall, tumor size (hazard ratio: 1.24 [95% confidence interval: 0.38, 3.81], p=0.03) was the only factor associated with time to LTP. Conclusions: This study shows for the first time that percutaneous IRE is a safe and effective ablation technology for HCC abutting the diaphragm.

3.
Chaos ; 32(4): 043118, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489856

RESUMO

Discontinuity and non-smoothness of system displacement and velocity caused by mechanical impact make the related research on dynamics of vibro-impact systems very difficult and complex. For the sake of bypassing the problems resulting from impact to some extent, Zhuravlev and Ivanov coordinate transformations were proposed, which can effectively convert the vibro-impact system to one without impact terms. In this paper, a more direct and universal transformation for general bilateral rigid vibro-impact systems is proposed. It is inspired by the main technique of Ivanov transformation, which makes the trajectories remain continuous in an auxiliary phase space. It can be directly applied to common vibro-impact systems, whether the positions of barriers are symmetrical or the restitution coefficients of barriers on both sides are consistent. In particular, this method can also be applied to the unilateral vibro-impact system. Validity of the proposed methodology is examined by means of case studies.

4.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 33(1): 19-27.e3, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600129

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of locoregional therapy plus adoptive transfer of allogeneic gamma delta (γδ) T cells for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). METHODS: Thirty patients with HCC and 29 patients with ICC were randomly assigned to receive locoregional therapy (HCC, Group A, n = 15; ICC, Group C, n = 15) or locoregional therapy plus γδ T cell therapy (HCC, Group B, n = 15; ICC, Group D, n = 14). Groups A and C only received locoregional ablation (cryoablation or irreversible electroporation), whereas Groups B and D received locoregional therapy followed by adoptive transfer of allogeneic γδ T cells. The primary endpoints were safety, distant progression-free survival (PFS), local PFS, and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The median distant PFS was significantly longer in the combined treatment groups than the locoregional treatment groups (HCC: 8 vs 4 months, P = .04; ICC: 8 vs 4 months, P = .021). There was no significant difference in local PFS between the 2 treatment modalities. Patients with HCC in the combined treatment group had a longer OS (median OS: 13 vs 8 months, P = .029). However, there was no significant difference in OS in patients with ICC between the 2 treatment modalities (median OS: 9.5 vs 8 months, P = .546). All adverse events were manageable with no significant difference in incidence between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The novel combination of locoregional ablation with adoptive transfer of allogeneic γδ cells was safe, with encouraging clinical efficacy against HCC and ICC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Colangiocarcinoma , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transferência Adotiva , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Linfócitos T/patologia
5.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(5): 1141-1156, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850761

RESUMO

The Expert Consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practice guidelines for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The main contents include the following: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN; (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation, and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN; and (3) future development directions.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/cirurgia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/cirurgia , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/cirurgia , Consenso , Prova Pericial , Humanos
6.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1512-1518, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767740

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma (UHC) is a malignant tumor and has a poor prognosis. IRE is a novel non-thermal ablative therapy that causes cellular apoptosis via electrical impulses. To compare the curative effect for UHC, chemotherapy plus concurrent IRE and chemotherapy alone were set up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2015 to May 2019, 47 patients with UHC were analyzed to chemotherapy + IRE group (n = 23) or chemotherapy alone group (n = 24) in this study. Treatment response was assessed with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 1 month after treatment and every 3 months thereafter. Local tumor progression (LTP), time to LTP, overall survival (OS) and procedure-related complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Chemotherapy plus concurrent IRE group showed a tendency toward a decreased rate of LTP (16.7% vs. 39.5%; p = 0.039) and an increased complete response rate (52.2% vs. 12.5%; p = 0.011) compared with chemotherapy alone group. Time to LTP was significantly longer in the chemotherapy plus concurrent IRE group compared to chemotherapy alone group (11.2 months vs. 4.2 months; p = 0.001). Median OS was significantly longer in the chemotherapy plus concurrent IRE group compared to chemotherapy alone group (19.6 months vs. 10.2 months; p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Chemotherapy plus concurrent IRE improved local control and prolonged time to LTP and OS in patients with UHC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Tumor de Klatskin , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Eletroporação , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumor de Klatskin/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Chaos ; 31(5): 053111, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240926

RESUMO

In this paper, the transient response of the time-delay system under additive and multiplicative Gaussian white noise is investigated. Based on the approximate transformation method, we convert the time-delay system into an equivalent system without time delay. The one-dimensional Ito stochastic differential equation with respect to the amplitude response is derived by the stochastic averaging method, and Mellin transformation is utilized to transform the related Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equation in the real numbers field into a first-order ordinary differential equation (ODE) of complex fractional moments (CFM) in the complex number field. By solving the ODE of CFM, the transient probability density function can be constructed. Numerical methods are used to ascertain the effectiveness of the CFM method, the effects of system parameters on system response and the level of error vary with time as well as noise intensity are investigated. In addition, the CFM method is first implemented to analyze transient bifurcation, and the relation between CFM and bifurcation is discussed for the first time. Furthermore, the imperfect symmetry property appear on the projection map of joint probability density function.

8.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(3): 613-618, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269289

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a lethal disease with extremely high mortality. Although surgical resection is the optimal therapeutic approach for PC, about 30%-40% of those patients are not candidates for surgical resection when diagnosed. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy also could not claim a desirable effect on PC. The application of interventional radiology approaches is limited by unavoidable damage to the surrounding vessels or organs. By the superiority of mechanism and technology, IRE could ablate the tumor by creating irreversible pores on the membrane of PC cells with other tissues like vessels and pancreatic ducts untouched. This consensus gathers the theoretical basis and clinical experience from multiple Chinese medical centers, to provide the application principles and experience from Chinese experts in the IRE field.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/normas , Eletroporação/normas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/normas , Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , China , Consenso , Eletroporação/métodos , Prova Pericial , Humanos , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 24(5): 305-322, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896152

RESUMO

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/cirurgia , Técnicas de Ablação , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(22): 5564-5575, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33344547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) is a common malignant digestive system tumor that ranks as the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. The prognosis of LAPC is poor even after standard treatment. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a novel ablative strategy for LAPC. Several studies have confirmed the safety of IRE. To date, no prospective studies have been performed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of conventional gemcitabine (GEM) plus concurrent IRE. AIM: To compare the therapeutic efficacy between conventional GEM plus concurrent IRE and GEM alone for LAPC. METHODS: From February 2016 to September 2017, a total of 68 LAPC patients were treated with GEM plus concurrent IRE n = 33) or GEM alone n = 35). Overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), and procedure-related complications were compared between the two groups. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify any prognostic factors. RESULTS: There were no treatment-related deaths. The technical success rate of IRE ablation was 100%. The GEM + IRE group had a significantly longer OS from the time of diagnosis of LAPC (19.8 mo vs 9.3 mo, P < 0.0001) than the GEM alone group. The GEM + IRE group had a significantly longer PFS (8.3 mo vs 4.7 mo, P < 0.0001) than the GEM alone group. Tumor volume less than 37 cm3 and GEM plus concurrent IRE were identified as significant favorable factors for both the OS and PFS. CONCLUSION: Gemcitabine plus concurrent IRE is an effective treatment for patients with LAPC.

11.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 215, 2020 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093457

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has limited efficacy against locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) due to the presence of an immunosuppressive microenvironment (ISM). Irreversible electroporation (IRE) can not only induce immunogenic cell death, but also alleviate immunosuppression. This study aimed to investigate the antitumor efficacy of IRE plus allogeneic γδ T cells in LAPC patients. A total of 62 patients who met the eligibility criteria were enrolled in this trial, then randomized into two groups (A: n = 30 and B: n = 32). All patients received IRE therapy and after receiving IRE, the group A patients received at least two cycles of γδ T-cell infusion as one course continuously. Group A patients had better survival than group B patients (median OS: 14.5 months vs. 11 months; median PFS: 11 months vs. 8.5 months). Moreover, the group A patients treated with multiple courses of γδ T-cell infusion had longer OS (17 months) than those who received a single course (13.5 months). IRE combined with allogeneic γδ T-cell infusion is a promising strategy to enhance the antitumor efficacy in LAPC patients, yielding extended survival benefits.ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03180437.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Eletroquimioterapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T gama-delta/imunologia , Linfócitos T , Adulto , Células Alógenas , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/transplante
12.
Cryobiology ; 97: 1-4, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097610

RESUMO

Cryoablation has become a popular modality to treat a variety of malignant tumors in solid organs and soft tissues. In the future, the use of cryoablation should focus on its abscopal effect. The present review discusses the increased immune response triggered by cryoablation alone or by cryoablation combined with immunotherapies, which can improve the immune response and limit immunosuppression. First, cryoablative techniques should be improved to increase the area of necrosis and reduce the area of apoptosis. Second, cryoablation should be combined with immunotherapies, for example, cyclophosphamide, natural killer cells, granulocyte monocyte colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen (CTLA)-4, and programmed death receptor 1 (PD)-1 inhibitors. Cryoablation could also be combined with Hydrogen gas molecules, which were shown recently to stimulate peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma coactivator (PGC)-1α, thereby promoting mitochondrial function, which might rescue exhausted CD8+ T cells, leading to prolonged progression-free survival and overall survival of patients with advanced colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Criocirurgia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Criopreservação/métodos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos , Humanos , Imunoterapia
13.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 71-78, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32021424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: When irreversible electroporation (IRE) ablation of abdominal tumors, procedural hypertension often occurs, which often affects the progress of the ablation. Until now, there is no reasonable explanation for this phenomenon. The objective of this research was to explore the cause and solution of procedural hypertension in percutaneous IRE. METHODS: In this study, the treatment data of 4 consecutive groups of patients were used to confirm the cause of intraoperative hypertension and then verify the solution. A total of 155 patients with procedural hypertension were screened based on their medical records of pancreatic or hepatic IRE treatment. Procedural hypertension was monitored in 21 new patients, the correlation between serum catecholamines and hypertension was recorded and evaluated using regression analysis. Forty new patients were divided into two groups (distance from needle tip to adrenal gland, < 2 cm vs ≥ 2 cm), and the blood pressure was recorded and compared with two-way ANOVA. Eleven patients with ablative distance <2 cm were treated in advance with phentolamine to observe for the occurrence of procedural hypertension. RESULTS: Of the 21 re-enrolled patients with ablation of the pancreas and liver tumors, 9 developed intraoperative hypertension with significantly elevated serum catecholamines levels, epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine are all positively associated with hypertension, with P values were 0.0003, 0.0253, and 0.0015, respectively. For the two groups with different needle-insertion distances, hypertension in the < 2 cm group was more significant than that in the other group (for procedural hypertension, P< 0.01; for heart rate, P< 0.05), which was considered as a high-risk group. The occurrence of intraoperative hypertension could be completely prevented by using phentolamine prior to treatment. CONCLUSION: Hypertension occurs frequently during hepatic and pancreatic IRE because of the damage of adrenal gland. The safe distance of ablation probe for the adrenal gland was 2 cm. For high-risk patients, early drug prevention works well.

14.
J Clin Invest ; 130(5): 2560-2569, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027620

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDThe anti-programmed cell death 1 (anti-PD-1) antibody pembrolizumab is clinically active against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In addition to T cells, human natural killer (NK) cells, reported to have the potential to prolong the survival of patients with advanced NSCLC, also express PD-1. This study aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab plus allogeneic NK cells in patients with previously treated advanced NSCLC.METHODSIn total, 109 enrolled patients with a programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) tumor proportion score (TPS) of 1% or higher were randomly allocated to group A (n = 55 patients given pembrolizumab plus NK cells) or group B (n = 54 patients given pembrolizumab alone). The patients received i.v. pembrolizumab (10 mg/kg) once every 3 weeks and continued treatment until the occurrence of tumor progression or unacceptable toxicity. The patients in group A continuously received 2 cycles of NK cell therapy as 1 course of treatment.RESULTSIn our study, patients in group A had longer survival than did patients in group B (median overall survival [OS]: 15.5 months vs. 13.3 months; median progression-free survival [PFS]: 6.5 months vs. 4.3 months; P < 0.05). In group A patients with a TPS of 50% or higher, the median OS and PFS was significantly longer. Moreover, the patients in group A treated with multiple courses of NK cell infusion had better OS (18.5 months) than did those who received a single course of NK cell infusion (13.5 months).CONCLUSIONPembrolizumab plus NK cell therapy yielded improved survival benefits in patients with previously treated PD-L1+ advanced NSCLC.TRIAL REGISTRATIONClinicalTrials.gov NCT02843204.FUNDINGThis work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) - Guangdong Joint Foundation of China (no. U1601225); the NSFC (no. 81671965); the Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory Construction Project of China (no. 2017B030314034); and the Key Scientific and Technological Program of Guangzhou City (no. 201607020016).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/transplante , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(2): 390-397, 2020 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer has a poor prognosis; 40%-50% of patients have liver metastases at the time of initial diagnosis and only 15%-20% undergo surgical resection. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a new, non-thermal local ablation method for solid tumors, which can induce cell membrane permeabilization, resulting in unrecoverable nanoscale perforation and apoptotic cell death without damaging the structural components of tissues. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a 66-year-old female patient with liver metastasis from pancreatic cancer with a pathological diagnosis of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 was elevated to 420.3 U/mL. Computed tomography showed a pancreas mass of 2.7 cm × 2.5 cm and single liver metastasis of 1.4 cm × 1.1 cm in the S6 area. The patient underwent IRE and arterial infusion chemotherapy and received tegafur. The therapeutic effect of the combination treatment has been evaluated as complete response. To date, the patient has survived for > 12 mo and is receiving tegafur as maintenance therapy (at the time this case report was written). CONCLUSION: IRE plus arterial infusion chemotherapy and tegafur may be synergistic, providing a reference for treating liver metastasis from pancreatic cancer.

16.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(2): 398-403, 2020 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is a rare pancreatic tumor and 10% to 15% of cases are associated with metastasis. Cryoablation is a new method that can induce tumor necrosis, and treatment of tumors by cryoablation can cause anti-tumor immune responses. CASE SUMMARY: A 16-year-old woman with SPT of the pancreas developed liver metastases 5.3 years after complete resection of the primary pancreatic tumor. She was admitted with chief complaints of abdominal pain in the upper abdomen and a weight loss of approximately 5 kg over 4 mo. Carbohydrate antigen (CA) 125, carcinoembryonic antigen, and CA 199 were normal. An abdominal computed tomography scan found multiple nodules in the right lobe of the liver that measured approximately 13.5 cm × 10.8 cm × 21.4 cm. Immunohistochemical staining results showed that CD10 and CD56 were positive, and the patient was diagnosed with SPT of the pancreas with liver metastasis. The patient underwent percutaneous cryoablation and interventional embolization. During the 5-year follow-up, the patient remained disease-free after cryoablation, with relatively normal immune function. CONCLUSION: Herein, we for the first time report the treatment of liver metastasis from SPT of the pancreas using cryoablation plus interventional embolization, which could be a promising alternative therapy for pancreatic SPT liver metastasis.

17.
Front Oncol ; 10: 574383, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33384953

RESUMO

The primary problem associated with fibrosarcoma is its high potential to metastasize to the lung. Aberrant expression of SAPCD2 has been widely reported to be implicated in the progression and metastasis in multiple cancer types. However, the clinical significance and biological roles of SAPCD2 in fibrosarcoma remain unknown. Here, we reported that SAPCD2 expression was markedly elevated in fibrosarcoma tissues, and its expression was differentially upregulated in fibrosarcoma cell lines compared with that in several primary fibroblast cell lines. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that SAPCD2 overexpression was significantly correlated with early progression and metastasis, and poor prognosis in fibrosarcoma patients. Our results further showed that silencing SAPCD2 inhibited the proliferation and increased the apoptosis of fibrosarcoma cells in vitro. Importantly, silencing SAPCD2 repressed lung metastasis of fibrosarcoma cells in vivo. Mechanistic investigation further demonstrated that silencing SAPCD2 inhibited the proliferation and lung metastasis of fibrosarcoma cells by activating the Hippo signaling pathway, as evidenced by the finding that constitutively active YAP1, YAP1-S127A, significantly reversed the inhibitory effect of SAPCD2 downregulation on the colony formation and anchorage-independent growth capabilities of fibrosarcoma cells, as well as the stimulatory effect on the apoptotic ratio of fibrosarcoma cells. In conclusion, SAPCD2 promotes the proliferation and lung metastasis of fibrosarcoma cells by regulating the activity of Hippo signaling, and this mechanism represents a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of lung metastatic fibrosarcoma.

18.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 5077-5086, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308687

RESUMO

Background: Natural killer (NK) cells can be used as an adoptive immunotherapy to treat cancer patients. Purpose: In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of highly activated NK (HANK) cell immunotherapy in patients with advanced lung cancer. Patients and methods: Between March 2016 and September 2017, we enrolled 13 patients who met the enrollment criteria. Donor peripheral blood monocytes were isolated from patients and the NK cells were expanded. After 12 days of culture, the cells were collected and infused intravenously on days 13 to 15. The enrolled patients received at least one course including three times of infusions. The lymphocyte subsets, cytokine production, and the expression of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) were measured before treatment and after the last infusion. Results: No side effects were observed. After a three-month follow-up, the percentage of patients who achieved stable disease and progressive disease was 84.6% and 15.4%. Moreover, the level of IFN-γ was significantly higher after treatment and the level of CEA decreased substantially. The overall immune function of the patients who received the NK cell therapy remained stable. Conclusion: This is the first study to describe the efficacy of NK cell therapy of patients with advanced lung cancer. These clinical observations demonstrated that NK cell is safe and efficient for advanced lung cancer therapy.

19.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 15(2): 370-374, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964113

RESUMO

Context: Ground-glass opacity (GGO) is a nonspecific imaging parameter for early-stage pulmonary cancer. In these cases, a definite diagnosis and prompt surgery usually yield satisfactory outcomes. Aims: This study aimed to assess the safety and feasibility of cryoablation treatment for lung GGO. Subjects and Methods: We reviewed the clinical data of 14 patients (19 lung tumors) with lung GGO and evaluated the adverse events, lung function, and treatment efficacy after cryoablation. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software (version 13.0; SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results: None of the patients exhibited serious complications, and lung function recovered to >95% after 1 month. During a follow-up, computed tomography scan at 24 months, the GGO appeared to have been successfully ablated in all patients. Conclusion: Cryoablation may serve as a safe and feasible option for the treatment of GGO.


Assuntos
Criocirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Criocirurgia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 1341-1350, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30863100

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of irreversible electroporation (IRE) combined with chemotherapy for unresectable pancreatic carcinoma (stage III/IV). Methods: We prospectively enrolled 54 patients (30 men; median age 61.0 years; range 41-73 years) undergoing IRE with or without chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer between July 2015 and August 2016. Kaplan-Meier estimates were used to analyze progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Safety was assessed based on the occurrence of adverse events. Results: All patients successfully underwent IRE. Major IRE-related complications were observed in four patients (7.4%). Gastrointestinal hemorrhage only developed in cases undergoing IRE via the open method, and was successfully managed with interventional embolization and/or vascular ligation. Any minor complications in the cases were alleviated within 14 days after symptomatic treatment. Overall, the performance status score decreased from 1.06 to 0.89 at 3 months after IRE (P<0.05). Among those with stage III disease, after a median follow-up of 18.8 months (range 9.6-28.7 months), the median OS from diagnosis was 16.2 and 20.3 months in the IRE and IRE + Chemo groups, respectively. Among those with stage IV disease, after a median follow-up of 13.3 months (range 3.7-23.1 months), the median OS from diagnosis was 11.6 and 13.56 months in the IRE and IRE + Chemo groups, respectively. The OS was significantly poorer in the IRE group than in the IRE + Chemo group (log-rank test, P=0.0398). Conclusion: Patients with pancreatic carcinoma could benefit from IRE, which improved the OS in certain patients who had also undergone chemotherapy. Although some severe complications were noted, IRE was generally well tolerated.

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