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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 701-708, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383065

RESUMO

In the present study we developed novel luminescent magnetic nanocomposites termed Fe3O4@polyaniline/carbon dots. First, Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were prepared by the coprecipitation method. The nanoparticles were then coated with polyaniline using the in situ growth method to form Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids, which were endowed with amino functional groups on the surface and avoided the aggregation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The X-ray diffraction pattern demonstrated that the crystalline phase of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles was an inverse spinel structure and was not changed in the Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids. The saturation magnetization and the coercive force of the as-prepared Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids measured by a vibrating sample magnetizer were 63.7 emu·g-1 and zero respectively, which indicated that the Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids exhibited excellent superparamagnetism. The Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids were conjugated with carbon dots, prepared from orange juice, via the amide bond between the amino groups on the surface of the Fe3O4@polyaniline nanohybrids and the carboxyl groups on the surface of carbon dots. The obtained luminescent magnetic nanocomposites Fe3O4@polyaniline/carbon dots showed good photoluminescent properties, which hinted that the nanocomposites have potential in drug tracing and magnetic targeted drug delivery. Finally, the anticancer drug methotrexate was loaded into the Fe3O4@polyaniline/carbon dots nanocomposites, forming a novel magnetic targeted drug delivery system. The results confirmed that the novel drug delivery system exhibited excellent drug-loading capability for methotrexate of ca. 70%, and emits strong fluorescence at the wavelength of 360 nm. An in vitro release experiment of the drug delivery system indicated that the cumulative release percentage of methotrexate was 17.2% in the phosphate-buffered saline (pH = 7.4) within 36 h.

2.
Bioresour Technol ; 285: 121363, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026745

RESUMO

This study presents a novel and effective method, i.e., adding nitrite into acidic fermentations after ultrasonic (US) pretreatment to form free nitrous acid (FNA), to further enhance hydrogen yield. Experimental results showed that when 180 mg/L nitrite was added into the US (2 W/mL, 15 min) pretreated waste activated sludge (WAS), the maximal hydrogen yield of 24.81 ±â€¯1.24 mL/g VSS (volatile suspended solids) was obtained under acidic fermentation (1.0 mg/L FNA was initially formed under this condition), which was 2.21-folds (or 1.36-folds) of that from US pretreatment (or FNA treatment) alone. This combination approach caused a positive synergy on sludge disintegration and enhanced the transformation of the released organics from non-biodegradable to biodegradable. Further study showed that the inhibiting effect of this combination method on hydrogen consuming microorganism was severer. Considering its pollution free, this combination strategy is an attractive technology for hydrogen recovery from WAS.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2018 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407791

RESUMO

In this study, nascent silk nanoribbons (SNRs) with an average thickness of 0.4 nm were extracted from natural silkworm silk by partially dissolving degummed silk (DS) in sodium hydroxide (NaOH)/urea solution at -12 °C. In this gentle treatment, the solvent could not destroy the nanofibrillar structure completely, but the chosen conditions would influence the dimensions of resulting SNRs. Molecular dynamics simulations of silk models indicated that the potential of mean force required to break hydrogen bonds between silk fibroin chains was 40% larger than that of van der Waals interactions between ß-sheet layers, allowing the exfoliating treatment. It was found that the resulting SNRs contained a single ß-sheet layer and amorphous silk fibroin molecules, which could be considered as the basic building block of DS consisting of hierarchical structures. The demonstrated technique for extracting ultrathin SNRs having the height of a single ß-sheet layer may provide a useful pathway for creating stronger and tougher silk-based materials and/or adding functionality and durability in materials for various applications. The hierarchical structure model based on SNRs may afford more insight into the structure and property relationship of fabricating silk-based materials.

4.
Pharm Biol ; 56(1): 217-224, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29560767

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is resistant to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and is associated with cognitive impairment. The modern Chinese medicine, compound Danshen dripping pills (CDDP), is clinically effective in treating epilepsy and improving cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the protective effects of CDDP alone and in combination with carbamazepine (CBZ) on kainic acid-induced TLE and cognitive impairment in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: control (sham operated), model, CDDP, CBZ and combined. A TLE model was then created via bilateral intrahippocampal injection of 0.35 µg kainic acid (KA). Rats received CDDP (85 mg/kg), CBZ (100 mg/kg) or combined (85 mg/kg CDDP +100 mg/kg CBZ) via intragastric administration for 90 d, respectively. Seizure intensity, apoptosis and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) were measured. Furthermore, the improvement in cognitive impairment and hippocampal neuronal damage was evaluated. RESULTS: CDDP combined with CBZ significantly decreased seizure severity and frequency (p < 0.05) and ameliorated cognitive impairment (p < 0.05). The model group showed a significant reduction of neurons and Bcl-2/Bax expression in the hippocampus CA3 area (p < 0.01), the combined groups significantly reversed these change (p < 0.01). GDNF expression in the combined groups showed a clear increase over the model group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These findings support the use of CDDP as an adjuvant drug for the treatment of TLE and cognitive deficit. Its mechanism might be related to an anti-apoptosis effect and up-regulation of GDNF.


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes/farmacologia , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Região CA3 Hipocampal/efeitos dos fármacos , Carbamazepina/farmacologia , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/prevenção & controle , Ácido Caínico , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Região CA3 Hipocampal/metabolismo , Região CA3 Hipocampal/patologia , Região CA3 Hipocampal/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/induzido quimicamente , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Quimioterapia Combinada , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/metabolismo , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/patologia , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/fisiopatologia , Reação de Fuga/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/metabolismo , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tempo de Reação/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1474-1481, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071849

RESUMO

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Lianhua Qingwen capsule for influenza. All reports of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on Lianhua Qingwen capsule treating influenza were retrieved from database of CNKI, WANFANG DATA, VIP, PubMed, the Cochrane Library by February 2017. The studies were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the data were extracted by 2 authors, the quality of the included RCTs was assessed, and meta-analysis was performed using Revman5.3 software. A total of 1 525 patients and 10 studies were included. The results of meta analysis showed that compared with oseltamivir, Lianhua Qingwen capsule was more effective in alleviating flu symptoms, including the time of headaches disappeared [SMD=-0.25,95% CI(-0.48, -0.01)], the time of sore throat disappeared [SMD=-0.53,95% CI(-0.72, -0.34)], the time of cough disappeared [SMD=-0.39,95%CI(-0.57, -0.21)], whole body aches disappeared [ SMD=-0.49, 95% CI (-0.78, -0.21)], the time of weak disappeared [SMD=-0.56,95%CI (-0.82, -0.29)], and the time of abatement of fever [SMD=-3.47,95%CI(-6.27, -0.67)]. Also, there were some statistical significant differences between the two groups except nasal congestion and the time of virus turning negative. Compared with Ribavirin, Lianhua Qingwen capsule was more effective in terms of the rate of temperature effect, [RR=1.53, 95% CI (1.24, 1.90)], the difference between the two groups was statistically significant. Compared with Ankahuangmin capsules, significant differences were found in terms of the he rate temperature effect [RR=1.37, 95%CI (1.19,1.57)]. Current evidence shows that Lianhua Qingwen capsule is more effective and safer than Oseltamivir, Ribavirin and Ankahuangmin capsules. Due to the low quality of the clinical research, the accuracy of this conclusion needs to be conducted to verify.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Cápsulas , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(23): 3357-3360, 2017 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28261715

RESUMO

Novel Cu-In-S quantum dots (CIS QDs), which exhibit interesting aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties, were successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method. When the solvent was changed from water to 90 vol% DMSO, the photoluminescence intensity of the as-prepared CIS QDs was enhanced about 126-fold.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22570670

RESUMO

It has been shown in previous studies that the autonomic nervous system can be affected by acupuncture. Within this study, teleacupuncture between China and Austria is used for quantifying the effects of heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in 33 Chinese patients (27 females, 6 males; mean age ± SD 49.5 ± 13.1 years; range 22-72 years) suffering from depression. Electrocardiographic signals before, during, and after acupuncture at the acupoint Baihui (GV20) were recorded in Harbin and analyzed in Graz using teleacupuncture. HRV data were analyzed in the time and frequency domain. Mean HR decreased significantly (P < 0.05) during and after acupuncture, whereas total HRV increased significantly after the third acupuncture stimulation period (P < 0.05) and also 5-10 minutes after (P < 0.05) acupuncture. The study shows that HRV could be a useful parameter for quantifying clinical effects of acupuncture on the autonomic nervous system.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22474529

RESUMO

This second part of a series of Sino-European high-tech acupuncture studies describes the first clinical transcontinental teleacupuncture measurements in patients with insomnia. Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) measurements in 28 patients (mean age ± SD: 41.9 ± 14.6 years) were performed under standardized conditions in Harbin, China, and the data analysis was performed in Graz, Austria. Similar to the first part of the series, the electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded by an HRV Medilog AR12 system during acupuncture of the Shenmen point (HT7) on the left hand. HR decreased significantly (P < 0.001) during and after acupuncture stimulation of the HT7 acupuncture point. Total HRV increased significantly (P < 0.05) immediately after acupuncture stimulation, but there was no long-lasting effect. The values of the low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) band increased significantly after the stimulation compared to baseline values; however, the LF/HF ratio showed no significant changes. Together with the results of previous studies, the present results can serve as a solid basis for further development of acupressure or acupuncture stimulation equipment for complementary use in treating insomnia.

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