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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 95: 103501, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864905

RESUMO

In high fat diet-induced obese mice, the flavonoid derivative of tiliroside, Fla-CN, has antihyperglycemic effects, can improve insulin sensitivity, ameliorate metabolic lipid disorders, and benefits certain disorders characterized by insulin resistance. Fla-CN is a novel lead compound to discovery anti-diabetic and anti-obesity drugs. The present study reported the optimization of Fla-CN to obtain a new derivative, 10b, which has improved glucose consumption at the nanomolar level (EC50 = 0.3 nM) in insulin resistant (IR) HepG2 cells. 10b also increased the glycogen content and glucose uptake, and concurrently inhibited gluconeogenesis in HepG2 cells. Western blotting showed that 10b markedly enhanced the phosphorylation of AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) and AS160 (protein kinase B substrate of 160 kDa) and reduced the levels of the gluconeogenesis key enzymes PEPCK (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase) and G6P (glucose 6-phosphatase) in HepG2 cells. The potential molecular mechanism of 10b may be activation of the AMPK/AS160 and AMPK/PEPCK/G6P pathways. We concluded that 10b might be a valuable candidate to discover anti-diabetic drugs.

2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(12): 5250-5257, 2019 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854595

RESUMO

Drug production consumes a large amount of raw materials and is recognized as a "high-pollution, high-energy-consumption" industry. In consideration of the small amount of emission inventory research in the pharmaceutical industry, firstly, based on the actual monitoring data and production information of typical antibiotic enterprises, the emission factors of various volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were determined using the field measurement method. Then, combined with the activity level information of antibiotics from A to G plant in the same park, the emission factor method was used to calculate and obtain the emissions of each plant, and an emission list was established. Uncertainty analysis of the list was carried out using the Monte Carlo method. Finally, the CALPUFF model was used to simulate the environmental impact range of the A-G plants in spring, summer, autumn, and winter. The results showed that the total VOCs emission factor in the production of antibiotic enterprises was 6655.61 g·t-1, and the crystallization process emission factor was the largest, at 3603.476 g·t-1. The A to G plants produce 6655.610, 7454.283, 998.342, 11980.098, 4492.537, 42462.792, and 18302.928 kg, respectively, of VOCs each year for the production of antibiotics, and the four substances with the largest emissions are butyl acetate, n-butanol, n-hexane, and acetone, respectively. Through the verification of the Monte Carlo model for plant A, it was found that the emissions of plant A basically presented as a lognormal distribution, and the uncertainty of 95% confidence interval was (-60.62%, 131.78%), which was within the acceptable range. Through CALPUFF simulation, the diffusion direction and range of VOCs were found to be different in each season, and an aggregation phenomenon occurs in summer.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Antibacterianos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estações do Ano
3.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 7447-7457, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698622

RESUMO

It has been demonstrated that articular facet degeneration can cause local strain alterations and induce neck pain. This study aims to quantify the biomechanical effects of normal and degenerated C5-C6 articular facets, and evaluate the correlation of mechanical strain between healthy and degenerated spine. A 3-dimensional finite element (FE) model of the C5-C6 cervical spine was developed [Model 0 (M0)]. The asymmetric models of C5-C6 bilateral articular facet joint were established separately to mimic articular facet joint degeneration. The capsule ligament stiffness of C5-C6 unilateral facet joint was altered with minimum and maximum threshold to simulate capsule ligaments' lesion and calcification [Model 1 (M1) and Model 2 (M2), respectively]. Besides, the cervical C5-C6 unilateral articular facet joint direction was changed by 5° and 10° forward to imitate the moderate joint hyperplasia and severe osteophyte (Model 3 and Model 4 respectively). M1 increased the rotation range of ipsilateral side (left), while M2 reduced, and both had limited effect on the contralateral side (right). The angle increased in Model 3 (M3) (61°) and Model 4 (M4) (55°) comparing to M0 during the axial rotation, and the angle of M4 was larger. M3 and M4 increased the nucleus pulposus pressure with and without controlled angular displacement during axial rotation. The pressure of nucleus pulpous increased during M1 rotating to the abnormal side but decreased when rotating to the other side, but the results of M2 were opposite. The capsule ligament stiffness made an impact on segmental mobility and vertebral spatial position, and the sagittal angle of articular facet joint exerted an influence on disc pressure distribution.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702885

RESUMO

The simultaneous therapy of tumors and bone defects resulting from tumor surgery is still a challenge in clinical orthopedics. Few nanomaterial systems simultaneously possess multifunctional capacities, including biodegradability, tumor treatment, and enhanced bone regeneration. Herein, we designed a biodegradable monodispersed bioactive glass nanoparticle (BGN) platform with multifunctional properties for enhanced colon cancer photothermo-chemotherapy and bone repair. The mussel-inspired surface assembly with BGN was established as a stable NIR-excited photothermal nanoplatform (BGN@PDA) for ablating tumors. BGN@PDA shows an ultrahigh anticancer drug (DOX) loading with on-demand (pH/NIR-responsive) drug release behavior and antibacterial activity for enhanced tumor chemotherapy (BGN@PDA-DOX). The growth of colon cancer cells (Hct116 cells) and cervical cancer cells (HeLa cells) was significantly inhibited in vitro, and superior local anticancer efficacy could be achieved by synergic chemo-photothermal therapy in vivo. BGN@PDA underwent a gradual degradation in vivo during 60 days and showed negligible toxic side effects. Meanwhile, BGN@PDA could positively induce the osteogenesis of osteoblasts in vitro and possess excellent in vivo bone repair ability in rat cranial defects. This work presents a distinctive strategy to design a bioactive multifunctional nanoplatform for treating tumor disease-resulted bone tissue regeneration.

5.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e027902, 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678935

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a public health concern that is becoming increasingly more serious worldwide. Effective and sustainable childhood obesity prevention strategies may help to reduce the prevalence of obesity and may have an impact on lifelong health. However, few such strategies have been rigorously evaluated for Chinese children in different regions of China. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Diet, ExerCIse and CarDiovascular hEalth-Children is a cluster-randomised controlled trial that aims to assess the effectiveness and sustainability of a school-based, multi-faceted intervention to prevent obesity among Grade 4 primary school students (8-10 years old) in China. Twenty-four schools (approximately 1200 students) from above average, average and below average developed regions in China will be randomised to an intervention (12 schools) or usual practice (12 schools) group. The intervention will last for one school year (9 months) and consists of activities towards students, parents and school environment. A smartphone application will be used to assist in providing information on, monitoring and providing feedback on the behaviours and body weight of the students. Data will be collected at baseline, 4 months, 9 months and 21 months. The primary outcome will be the difference between groups in the change in students' body mass index at 9 months after the baseline investigation. The secondary outcomes will include the differences between groups in the changes in anthropometric measures, diet, physical activity levels and other measures at the follow-up visits. A variety of process evaluation methods will be used to evaluate the implementation process of the complex intervention. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved by the Peking University Institution Review Board (IRB00001052-18021). The results will be disseminated through publication in peer-reviewed journals, presentations at conferences and in lay summaries provided to school staff and participants. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03665857.

6.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 37: 140-147, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Balance impairment is the predominant risk factor for falls in stroke survivors. This study examined the effects of body weight support-Tai Chi (BWS-TC) footwork on balance control among stroke survivors with fear of falling (FOF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight stroke survivors with FOF were randomly allocated to either control or BWS-TC groups. Those in BWS-TC underwent Tai Chi training for 12 weeks. Outcomes were assessed in all participants by evaluation of the limits of stability test, modified clinical test of sensory integration of balance, fall risk index, and Fugl-Meyer assessment of lower limbs at baseline and 12 weeks. RESULTS: The BWS-TC group displayed significant enhancement in dynamic control and vestibular and somatosensory integration. CONCLUSION: BWS-TC may enhance dynamic control and sensory integration of balance and reduce the risk of fall in stroke survivors with FOF.

7.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(7): 501-5, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on expression of 5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1AR) and c-fos proteins in the hypothalamus and colon tissues in functional diarrhea (FD) rats so as to explore its underlying mechanisms in improving intestinal function via brain-gut axis. METHODS: A total of 40 SD rats were randomized into blank control, model, EA Tianshu (ST25)-Dachangshu (BL25, ST25-BL25) and EA Quchi (LI11)- Shangjuxu (ST37, LI11-ST37) groups. The FD model was established by gavage of Folium Sennae (10 mg/kg) and constraint immobilization once daily for 29 days. EA (10 Hz/50 Hz, 1.5 mA) was applied to bilateral ST25 and BL25 in EA ST25-BL25 group, and bilateral LI11 and ST37 in EA LI11-ST37 group for 20 min, once daily for successive 10 days. The expression of 5-HT1AR and c-fos protein in the hypothalamus and colon tissues was determined by using Western blot. The state of stool was recorded for calculating the loose stool rate and diarrhea index. RESULTS: After modeling, the loose stool rate, diarrhea index and expression levels of 5-HT1AR and c-fos proteins in the colon and hypothalamus tissues were obviously increased in the model group in contrast with the blank control group(P<0.01,P<0.05). Following EA intervention, the loose stool rate and diarrhea index, the expression levels of 5-HT1AR and c-fos proteins in the hypothalamus and colon in the EA ST25-BL25 group, and the expression of 5-HT1AR in the colon in the EA LI11-ST37 group were significantly down-regulated relevant to the model group (P<0.01,P<0.05). No significant changes were found in loose stool rate and diarrhea index,and the expression levels of hypothalamic 5-HT1AR and hypothalamic and colonic c-fos proteins in the EA LI11-ST37 group (P>0.05). The expression levels of 5-HT1AR protein in the hypothalamus and c-fos protein in the hypothalamus and colon in the EA LI11-ST37 group were significantly up-regulated relevant to the EA ST25-BL25 group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of ST25-BL25 can down-regulate expression of 5-HT1AR and c-fos proteins in the hypothalamus and colon tissue in FD rats, which may contribute to its function in improving symptoms of FD possibly via brain-gut axis.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Encéfalo , Colo , Diarreia , Hipotálamo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Serotonina
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Myonectin is one of the myokines and has gained interest as a potential new strategy to combat obesity and its associated disorders, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).The objective of this study was to investigate circulating serum myonectin levels in nondiabetes and T2DM and elucidate possible relationships between serum myonectin levels and metabolic parameters in patients with T2DM. DESIGN: A total of 362 Chinese patients with T2DM and 100 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited in this study. Clinical characteristics, blood biochemistry, and circulating myonectin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Circulating myonectin levels were significantly decreased in T2DM compared with controls. Obese nondiabetic controls had significantly lower serum myonectin levels compared with lean nondiabetic controls. In diabetic patients, serum myonectin concentrations were significantly negatively correlated with body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), C-reactive protein (CRP), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting insulin (Fins), the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), visceral fat area, and subcutaneous fat area. After adjusting for covariates, multivariate stepwise regression analysis demonstrated that BMI, LDL-C, TG, HOMA-IR, and visceral fat were the main independent predictors of low serum myonectin concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating myonectin levels were decreased in T2DM patients and in obese subjects. Moreover, serum myonectin levels were correlated with metabolic markers of T2DM. These data suggest that myonectin may be a useful marker in predicting the development of obesity and T2DM.

9.
Biosci Rep ; 39(5)2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040202

RESUMO

Tetrandrine (Tet) bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids isolated from Stephania tetrandra and other related species of Menispermaceae. It has been demonstrated to have positive therapeutic effects on cardiovascular disease, hypertension, silicosis, autoimmune diseases. In recent years, some reports have shown that Tet has anticancer activity in human cancers. To explore the pharmacological activity and mechanism of Tet on colon cancer and its unique advantages as a natural product. In the present study, analyses of the cell cycle, apoptosis, targets prediction, molecular docking, and alterations in protein levels were performed to elucidate how Tet functions in colon cancer. We found that Tet robustly induced arrest at the G1 phase in colon cancer cell line HT-29. It induced HT-29 cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Similarly, analysis of protein expression levels in HT-29 cells showed down-regulation of Bcl-2, pro-caspase 3, pro-caspase 8, PARP, cyclin D1 (CCND1), cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK 4), and up-regulation of Bax, active caspase 3, and active caspase 8. These results indicate that Tet induces apoptosis of colon cancer cells through the mitochondrial pathway and caspase family pathway. Molecular docking showed interaction effects and binding energy. Comparing with the CDK4 inhibitors ribociclib and palbociclib, the docking energy is similar to the docked amino acid residues. Therefore, we conclude that Tet and the CCND1/CDK4 compound could form hydrogen bonds and a stable compound structure, which can inhibit colon cancer cells proliferation by regulating CCND1/CDK4 compound and its downstream proteins phosphorylated Rb (p-Rb). In summary, Tet may be a potential drug for colon cancer therapy.

10.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(4): 1319-1326, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994294

RESUMO

To reveal the effects of coupling nitrogen (N) application and aerated irrigation on soil CO2 and N2O emission, and their relationship with soil temperature and moisture, an experiment was conducted in greenhouse melon fields by using the method of static chamber/gas chromatography to determine the CO2 and N2O emissions of different nitrogen rates under aerated irrigation. There were two irrigation factors (AI: aerated irrigation; CK: conventional irrigation) and three N levels (N1: 0; N2: 150 kg·hm-2, the traditional nitrogen application rate was 2/3; N3: 225 kg·hm-2, traditional nitrogen application rate). The results showed that soil CO2 and N2O emissions in AI treatment were higher than those in CK, but no significant difference was observed between the two irrigation methods. Under the same irrigation method, soil CO2 and N2O emission significantly increased with the increases of N application rate, indicating that N application was the main influencing factor for CO2 and N2O emissions. There were significant positive relationships between soil N2O emissions and soil temperature and water filled pore space (WFPS) under the AI treatment. Soil CO2 emission were positively correlated with soil temperature. When N application reduced to N2 rate under AI treatment, the yield was increased by 6.9% and the greenhouse warming potential was reduced from 9544.82 kg·hm-2 to 9340.72 kg·hm-2. Thus, it is feasible to reduce the amount of N fertilizer under AI treatment to mitigate greenhouse gas emission in agricultural production systems.


Assuntos
Agricultura/métodos , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Cucurbitaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Irrigação Agrícola , Fertilizantes , Nitrogênio , Solo
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 668: 1156-1164, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018455

RESUMO

Significant global warming increases over the last century have resulted in recent research focused on practices to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Agricultural management practices, such as nitrogen (N) fertilization and aerated irrigation (AI), have significantly increased crop yields by improving soil water and fertilizer availability, and have been widely adopted in recent years. However, the interactive impact of different growing seasons and management practices in the greenhouse on GHG emissions is unclear. This greenhouse study was conducted during Spring and Autumn cultivation periods in Yangling, China with five N application rates (0, 50, 150, 200,250 kg ha-1) and two irrigation methods (AI and conventional irrigation [CK]). The results indicated that AI and N application both increased tomato yield, but also increased soil CO2 and N2O emissions. The temperature was 4 °C higher during Spring cultivation than during Autumn cultivation, which significantly (P < 0.05) increased soil emissions of CO2, N2O, and net GHG by 10.6%, 43.8%, and 12.3%, respectively. However, the yield in Spring cultivation only increased by 5.1% (P > 0.05). Thus, among the selectable cultivation seasons, the cooler season (Autumn) along with AI and 200 kg N ha-1, was recommended to farmers to avoid adverse effects of a warming environment. AI and 150 kg N ha-1 in Spring cultivation could be recommended as an alternative measure to local farmers. Our results suggest that in a future warmer climate, reducing nitrogen fertilizer rate in conjunction with the use of AI will remain important practices for maintaining crop yield while reducing soil net GHG emissions. There is an urgent need to transform current management practices to offset the negative impacts of climate change.


Assuntos
Agricultura/métodos , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/farmacologia , China , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Monitoramento Ambiental , Fertilizantes , Aquecimento Global , Lycopersicon esculentum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Solo/química , Temperatura Ambiente
13.
Hepatol Res ; 49(7): 743-757, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30861258

RESUMO

AIM: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1Ras) have been reported to prevent non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but the potential mechanisms are still debated. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a prominent role in the field of metabolic disorders, including NAFLD. Our study was designed to further evaluate the effect of GLP-1Ra liraglutide on NAFLD in terms of miRNAs. METHODS: MicroRNA expression was evaluated by clustering analysis of microRNA arrays in high fat diet-fed mice. The luciferase reporter assay was carried out to validate the cross-talk between adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) and miR-124a. MicroRNA-124a mimics and inhibitor plasmids were transfected to study the role of miR-124a in palmitate-treated normal human liver cell line (HL-7702). Liraglutide treatment was used to observe the effect of GLP-1Ra on the miR-124a/ATGL pathway. RESULTS: Expression of ATGL decreased and miR-124a expression increased in hepatosteatosis in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, miR-124a interacted with the 3'-untranslated region of ATGL mRNA and induced its degradation. MicroRNA-124a overexpression antagonized the effect of liraglutide on NAFLD by inhibiting ATGL expression, whereas miR-124a knockdown led to elevated ATGL and sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) expression, and subsequently decreased lipid accumulation and inflammation in cells. CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-124a overexpression contributes to the progression of NAFLD through reduction of ATGL expression, whereas miR-124a knockdown can reverse this trend, suggesting that miR-124a and its downstream target ATGL can be novel therapeutic targets of NAFLD. We reveal a novel mechanism by which liraglutide attenuates NAFLD by the miR-124a/ATGL/Sirt1 pathway.

15.
Biomaterials ; 199: 10-21, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30731420

RESUMO

Targeted tumor imaging and efficient specific gene delivery in vivo has been one of the main challenges in gene-based cancer diagnosis and therapy. Herein, we engineered a citric acid-based polymer with intrinsical photoluminescence and gene loading capacity to achieve targeted delivery of siRNA and tumor imaging in vitro and in vivo. The multifunctional platform was formed from the self-assembling of poly (citric acid)-polymine conjugated with folic acid and rhodamine B (PPFR). PPFR showed stable photoluminescent ability and could effectively bind and protect the siRNA against RNase degradation. PPFR also exhibited good blood compatibility and cell compatibility against C2C12, MCF-7 and A549. Compared with commercial transfection agent Lipofectamine™ 2000, PPFR had a high cellular uptake, equivalent transfection efficiency and effectively down-regulated intracellular p65 expression in A549 cancer cells. Importantly, PPFR could efficiently accumulate and label the tumor tissue through the fluorescent imaging, selectively deliver siRNA into tumor tissue in vivo based on the tumor-bearing nude mice model. This work may provide a facile strategy to synthesize multifunctional biocompatible biomaterials for targeted tumor imaging and gene therapy.

16.
Nanoscale ; 11(10): 4614, 2019 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30806437

RESUMO

Correction for 'A highly antibacterial polymeric hybrid micelle with efficiently targeted anticancer siRNA delivery and anti-infection in vitro/in vivo' by Li Zhou et al., Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 17304-17317.

17.
Biomaterials ; 201: 68-76, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798021

RESUMO

Biodegradable elastomers with good biocompatibility have attracted much attention in biomedical diagnosis/therapy/regenerative medicine, as bioresorbable electronics and implanted devices. The bacterial infection, tissue toxicity, serious inflammatory response and tumorigenesis for implanted devices are still the important obstacles for their biomedical applications. Herein, we reported biodegradable ultralong copper sulfide nanowire-reinforced poly(citrates-siloxane) (PCS-CSNW) nanocomposites elastomers with inherent multifunctional properties for potential biomedical applications. The structure-homogeneous nanocomposites were formed through the hydrophobic-hydrophobic interaction between the oleylamine capped CSNW and polymer chain. PCS-CSNW showed controlled elastomeric mechanical behavior, tunable electronic conductivity and broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against gram-positive/gram-negative bacterium in vitro/in vivo. PCS-CSNW also exhibited tailored photoluminescent property and strong near-infrared (NIR) photothermal capacity which enabled the high-resolution in vivo thermal imaging and biodegradation tracking. Additionally, PCS-CSNW also demonstrated good cell biocompatibility and decreased inflammatory reaction in vivo. The cancer cells on PCS-CSNW nanocomposites were efficiently killed through a selective NIR-induced photothermal therapy. This work may provide a new strategy to design next-regeneration smart implanted devices for biomedical applications in bioresorbable electronics, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

18.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(23): 2844-2851, 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30511687

RESUMO

Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease under genetic control. Growing evidences support the genetic predisposition of HLA-DRB1 gene polymorphisms to SLE, yet the results are not often reproducible. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of two polymorphisms of HLA-DRB1 gene (HLA-DR3 and HLA-DR15) with the risk of SLE via a comprehensive meta-analysis. Methods: This study complied with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Case-control studies on HLA-DRB1 and SLE were searched from PubMed, Elsevier Science, Springer Link, Medline, and Cochrane Library database as of June 2018. Analysis was based on the random-effects model using STATA software version 14.0. Results: A total of 23 studies were retained for analysis, including 5261 cases and 9838 controls. Overall analysis revealed that HLA-DR3 and HLA-DR15 polymorphisms were associated with the significant risk of SLE (odds ratio [OR]: 1.60, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.316-1.934, P = 0.129 and OR: 1.68, 95% CI: 1.334-2.112, P = 0.001, respectively). Subgroup analyses demonstrated that for both HLA-DR3 and HLA-DR15 polymorphisms, ethnicity was a possible source of heterogeneity. Specifically, HLA-DR3 polymorphism was not associated with SLE in White populations (OR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.320-1.960, P = 0.522) and HLA-DR15 polymorphism in East Asian populations (OR: 1.65, 95% CI: 1.248-2.173, P = 0.001). In addition, source of control was another possible source for both HLA-DR3 and HLA-DR15 polymorphisms, with observable significance for HLA-DR3 in only population-based studies (OR: 1.65, 95% CI: 1.370-1.990, P = 0.244) and for HLA-DR15 in both population-based and hospital-based studies (OR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.078-1.760, P = 0.123 and OR: 2.08, 95% CI: 1.738-2.490, P = 0.881, respectively). Conclusions: HLA-DRB1 gene may be a SLE-susceptibility gene, and it shows evident ethnic heterogeneity. Further prospective validations across multiple ethnical groups are warranted.


Assuntos
Subtipos Sorológicos de HLA-DR/genética , Antígeno HLA-DR3/genética , Cadeias HLA-DRB1/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência do Gene/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Haplótipos/genética , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Razão de Chances
19.
Cancer Cell Int ; 18: 183, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30459531

RESUMO

Background: Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common cancers among females worldwide. Spindle and kinetochore-associated complex subunit 3 (SKA3), located on chromosome 13q, was identified as a novel gene involved in promoting malignant transformation in cancers. However, the function and underlying mechanisms of SKA3 in CC remain unknown. Using the Oncomine database, we found that expression of SKA3 mRNA is higher in CC tissues than in normal tissues and is linked with poor prognosis. Methods: In our study, immunohistochemistry showed increased expression of SKA3 in CC tissues. The effect of SKA3 on cell proliferation and migration was evaluated by CCK8, clone formation, Transwell and wound-healing assays in HeLa and SiHa cells with stable SKA3 overexpression and knockdown. In addition, we established a xenograft tumor model in vivo. Results: SKA3 overexpression promoted cell proliferation and migration and accelerated tumor growth. We further identified that SKA3 is involved in regulating cell cycle progression and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway via RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) and gene set enrichment analyses. Western blotting results revealed that SKA3 overexpression increased levels of p-Akt, cyclin E2, CDK2, cyclin D1, CDK4, E2F1 and p-Rb in HeLa cells. Additionally, the use of an Akt inhibitor (GSK690693) significantly reversed the cell proliferation capacity induced by SKA3 overexpression in HeLa cells. Conclusions: We suggest that SKA3 overexpression contributes to CC cell growth and migration by promoting cell cycle progression and activating the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, which may provide potential novel therapeutic targets for CC treatment.

20.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 33: 7-11, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wheelchair-related falls are common in survivors with spinal cord injury (SCI). We aimed to assess the effects of wheelchair Tai Chi (WCTC) practice on balance control and quality of life (QOL) among SCI survivors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty SCI survivors were equally divided into WCTC and control groups. The control participants only received the normal rehabilitation intervention, while the WCTC intervention involved 30-min sessions, 2 sessions/day, and 5 days/week for 6 weeks. Static sitting balance, trunk muscle strength, handgrip strength, and QOL were evaluated and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, static sitting balance, left handgrip strength, and the psychological domain of QOL improved significantly in the WCTC group (time by group interaction, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Six weeks' WCTC training improved static sitting balance and QOL in survivors with SCI. It may be a feasible, safe, and effective exercise for SCI survivors.


Assuntos
Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação , Tai Ji , Cadeiras de Rodas , Humanos , Sobreviventes
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