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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the long-term differences in survival between multiple arterial grafts (MAG) and single arterial grafts (SAG) in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the SYNTAX study. METHODS: The present analysis included the randomized and registry-treated CABG patients (n = 1509) from the SYNTAX Extended Survival study (SYNTAXES). Patients with only venous (n = 42) or synthetic grafts (n = 1) were excluded. The primary end point was all-cause death at the longest follow-up. Multivariable Cox regression was used to adjust for differences in baseline characteristics. Sensitivity analysis using propensity matching with inverse probability for treatment weights was performed. RESULTS: Of the 1466 included patients, 465 (31.7%) received MAG and 1001 (68.3%) SAG. Patients receiving MAG were younger and at lower risk. At the longest follow-up of 12.6 years, all-cause death occurred in 23.6% of MAG and 40.0% of SAG patients [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.74, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.55-0.98); P = 0.038], which was confirmed by sensitivity analysis. MAG in patients with the three-vessel disease was associated with significant lower unadjusted and adjusted all-cause death at 12.6 years [adjusted HR 0.65, 95% CI (0.44-0.97); P = 0.033]. In contrast, no significance was observed after risk adjustment in patients with the left main disease, with and without diabetes, or among SYNTAX score tertiles. CONCLUSIONS: In the present post hoc analysis of all-comers patients from the SYNTAX trial, MAG resulted in markedly lower all-cause death at 12.6-year follow-up compared to a SAG strategy. Hence, this striking long-term survival benefit of MAG over SAG encourages more extensive use of multiple arterial grafting in selected patients with reasonable life expectancy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAXES ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050; SYNTAX ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe pulmonary hypertension is a relative contraindication for isolated tricuspid valve (TV) surgery. However, some patients may still benefit from TV surgery. We hypothesized that pulmonary pressure alone is an inadequate predictor of outcomes post-TV surgery, and that aorto-pulmonary pressure quotient (AoP/PAP) is a better predictor. METHODS: From 2005 to 2019, a total of 122 patients (mean age: 68.5±10.5 years; 43.3% male) with isolated TV regurgitation and preoperative right heart catheterization referred to our institution for isolated TV surgery were included. Patients with concomitant procedures were excluded from this analysis. All data were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up was 97% complete. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 4.3±3.6 years. The mean preoperative New York Heart Association (NYHA) class was 2.9±0.7, left ventricular ejection fraction was 52.3±11.3%, creatinine level was 124.8±102.6µmol/l, mean pulmonary artery pressure was 25.5±9.4mmHg, mean MELD-XI score 13.5±4.2, and mean AoP/PAP was 4.1±1.9 mmHg. Thirty-day mortality was 10.9%, and 5-years survival was 56.6±4.9%. Cox regression analysis revealed age (p=0.001; HR: 1.058; CI 95%: 1.023-1.094), the mean arterial pressure (p=0.002; HR: 0.969; CI 95%: 0.950-0.988) and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (p=0.035; HR: 1.054; CI 95%: 1.004-1.107), as well as mean AoP/PAP > 4 (p=0.001; HR: 6.678; CI 95%: 2.197-20.294) as predictors for long-term mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of the degree of pulmonary hypertension, a mean AoP/PaP quotient >4 impacts the postoperative survival of patients undergoing isolated TV surgery. However, further research is still required to verify this finding.

3.
Int J Cardiol ; 341: 9-12, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The significant interaction between major infection and 5-year mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) for complex coronary artery disease (CAD) was observed previously. However, the very long-term outcomes beyond 5 years remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a subgroup analysis of the SYNTAX Extended Survival (SYNTAXES) trial, which is the extended follow-up of the randomized SYNTAX trial comparing PCI versus CABG in patients with three-vessel disease (3VD) or left-main CAD (LMCAD). Out of 1517 patients enrolled in the SYNTAX trial with available survival status from 5 to 10 years, 140 patients had experienced major infections and survived at 5 years (major infection group). From 5 to 10 years, the mortality of major infection group was 19.8% whereas the mortality of no major infection group was 15.1% (p = 0.157). After the adjustment of other clinical factors, the risk of mortality from 5 to 10 years did not significantly differ between major infection and no major infection groups (HR: 1.10; 95% CI: 0.62-1.96; p = 0.740). When stratified by the presence or absence of periprocedural major infections, defined as a major infection within 60 days after index procedure, there was also no significant difference in 10-year mortality between two groups (30.8% vs. 24.5%; p = 0.057). CONCLUSIONS: Despite the initial association between major infections and 5 years mortality, postprocedural major infection was not evident in the 10 years follow-up, suggesting that the impact of major infection on mortality subsided over time beyond 5 years. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAXES ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050 SYNTAX ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972.

4.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405875

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to compare long-term all-cause mortality between patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using multiple (MAG) or single arterial grafting (SAG). METHODS AND RESULTS: The current study is a post hoc analysis of the SYNTAX Extended Survival Study, which compared PCI with CABG in patients with three-vessel (3VD) and/or left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) and evaluated survival with ≥10 years of follow-up. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality at maximum follow-up (median 11.9 years) assessed in the as-treated population. Of the 1743 patients, 901 (51.7%) underwent PCI, 532 (30.5%) received SAG, and 310 (17.8%) had MAG. At maximum follow-up, all-cause death occurred in 305 (33.9%), 175 (32.9%), and 70 (22.6%) patients in the PCI, SAG, and MAG groups, respectively (P < 0.001). Multiple arterial grafting [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.49-0.89], but not SAG (adjusted HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.67-1.03), was associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality compared with PCI. In patients with 3VD, both MAG (adjusted HR 0.55, 95% CI 0.37-0.81) and SAG (adjusted HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.50-0.91) were associated with significantly lower mortality than PCI, whereas in LMCAD patients, no significant differences between PCI and MAG (adjusted HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.56-1.46) or SAG (adjusted HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.81-1.53) were observed. In patients with revascularization of all three major myocardial territories, a positive correlation was observed between the number of myocardial territories receiving arterial grafts and survival (Ptrend = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that MAG might be the more desirable configuration for CABG to achieve lower long-term all-cause mortality than PCI in patients with 3VD and/or LMCAD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered on clinicaltrial.gov. SYNTAXES: NCT03417050 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03417050); SYNTAX: NCT00114972 (https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00114972).

6.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(1): 27-38, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefit of optimal medical therapy (OMT) on 5-year outcomes in patients with 3-vessel disease and/or left main disease after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was demonstrated in the randomized SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis is to assess the impact of the status of OMT at 5 years on 10-year mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention or CABG. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of the SYNTAXES (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Extended Survival) study, which evaluated for up to 10 years the vital status of patients who were originally enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. OMT was defined as the combination of 4 types of medications: at least 1 antiplatelet drug, statin, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker, and beta-blocker. After stratifying participants by the number of individual OMT agents at 5 years and randomized treatment, a landmark analysis was conducted to assess the association between treatment response and 10-year mortality. RESULTS: In 1,472 patients, patients on OMT at 5 years had a significantly lower mortality at 10 years compared with those on ≤2 types of medications (13.1% vs 19.9%; adjusted HR: 0.470; 95% CI: 0.292-0.757; P = 0.002) but had a mortality similar to those on 3 types of medications. Furthermore, patients undergoing CABG with the individual OMT agents, antiplatelet drug and statin, at 5 years had lower 10-year mortality than those without. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with 3-vessel and/or left main disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention or CABG, medication status at 5 years had a significant impact on 10-year mortality. Patients on OMT with guideline-recommended pharmacologic therapy at 5 years had a survival benefit. (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050; Taxus Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Quimioterapia Combinada/estatística & dados numéricos , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Período Pós-Operatório , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(14): 1551-1561, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34294396

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated patterns of right ventricular (RV) contraction by using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in patients undergoing transcatheter tricuspid valve repair (TTVR). BACKGROUND: The role of RV function in patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation undergoing TTVR is poorly understood. METHODS: Global RV dysfunction was defined as CMR-derived RV ejection fraction (RVEF) ≤45% and longitudinal RV dysfunction was defined as tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) <17 mm on echocardiography. Patients were stratified into 3 types of RV contraction: type I, TAPSE ≥17 and RVEF >45%; type II, TAPSE <17 and RVEF >45%; and type III, TAPSE <17 and RVEF ≤45%. CMR feature tracking was performed to assess longitudinal and circumferential RV strain. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause mortality or first heart failure hospitalization. RESULTS: Of 79 patients (median age 79 years, 51% female), 18 (23%) presented with global and 40 (51%) presented with longitudinal RV dysfunction. The composite outcome occurred in 22 patients (median follow-up 362 days). Global RV dysfunction but not longitudinal RV dysfunction (hazard ratio: 6.62; 95% confidence interval: 2.77-15.77; and hazard ratio: 1.30; 95% confidence interval: 0.55-3.08, respectively) was associated with the composite outcome. Compared with type I RV contraction, patients with type II RV contraction exhibited increased circumferential strain, with a preservation of RVEF despite diminished longitudinal strain. Patients with type III RV contraction exhibited both diminished longitudinal and circumferential strain, resulting in an impaired RVEF. Patients with type III RV contraction showed the worst survival (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Global RV dysfunction is a predictor of outcomes among TTVR patients. Tricuspid regurgitation patients can be stratified into 3 types of RV contraction, in which a loss of longitudinal function can be compensated by increasing circumferential function, preserving RVEF and favorable outcomes.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular and bleeding complications are common after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and are associated with worse outcomes. The plug-based Manta (M) vascular closure device (VCD) is a novel option to achieve haemostasis for large-bore arterial access sites. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare vascular and bleeding complications between the M-VCD and the established suture-based Perclose ProGlide (P)-VCD. METHODS: From February to September 2019 a total of 578 patients underwent transfemoral TAVI at a single high-volume centre. Access site closure was performed using M-VCD in 195 patients (33.7%) and P-VCD in 383 patients (66.3%). We assessed vascular and access site-related complications as well as bleeding events according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definition. RESULTS: Overall vascular complications occurred less frequently in the M-VCD group (10.7% vs. 19.0%, p = 0.011) driven by a significantly lower rate of major vascular events (2.0% vs. 6.5%, p = 0.025). Access site-related complications were significantly less frequent in the M-VCD cohort (10.7% vs. 16.6%, p = 0.048). The M-VCD was associated with significantly lower rates of major (0.5% vs. 4.4%, p = 0.009) and life-threatening bleeding (0% vs. 2.3%, p = 0.032). In multivariable analysis, the use of M-VCD was the only independent predictor of vascular complications (odds ratio 0.54, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.91, p = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: The M-VCD was associated with a reduction of vascular and access-site complications as well as severe bleeding after transfemoral TAVI compared to the P-VCD in this observational study.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report on four patients with severe tricuspid valve (TV) regurgitation, in which a differentiated intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) analysis - as performed in TV-clipping procedures - provided major guidance for refined TV repair. METHODS: Between January 2019 and March 2020, four patients with central tricuspid regurgitation and an intercommisural jet underwent annuloplasty with an echo-guided plication stitch on the affected leaflet basis, especially anteroseptal. RESULTS: All patients underwent complex multiple valve (aortic- and/or mitral valve) surgery with concomitant TV-repair. No or mild TV regurgitation after TV repair was confirmed in the predischarge echocardiography in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude, that differentiated intraoperative TEE is essential for the surgical TV repair strategy. Plication of the anteroseptal commissure - additionally performed to TV annuloplasty - is an easy and effective add-on in selected patients.

10.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 171, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute Stanford type A aortic dissection (TAAD) is a life-threatening condition. Surgery is usually performed as a salvage procedure and is associated with significant postoperative early mortality and morbidity. Understanding the patient's conditions and treatment strategies which are associated with these adverse events is essential for an appropriate management of acute TAAD. METHODS: Nineteen centers of cardiac surgery from seven European countries have collaborated to create a multicentre observational registry (ERTAAD), which will enroll consecutive patients who underwent surgery for acute TAAD from January 2005 to March 2021. Analysis of the impact of patient's comorbidities, conditions at referral, surgical strategies and perioperative treatment on the early and late adverse events will be performed. The investigators have developed a classification of the urgency of the procedure based on the severity of preoperative hemodynamic conditions and malperfusion secondary to acute TAAD. The primary clinical outcomes will be in-hospital mortality, late mortality and reoperations on the aorta. Secondary outcomes will be stroke, acute kidney injury, surgical site infection, reoperation for bleeding, blood transfusion and length of stay in the intensive care unit. DISCUSSION: The analysis of this multicentre registry will allow conclusive results on the prognostic importance of critical preoperative conditions and the value of different treatment strategies to reduce the risk of early adverse events after surgery for acute TAAD. This registry is expected to provide insights into the long-term durability of different strategies of surgical repair for TAAD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04831073 .


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma Aórtico/mortalidade , Protocolos Clínicos , Comorbidade , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Enxerto Vascular/instrumentação , Enxerto Vascular/métodos
11.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(22): 2761-2773, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal revascularization strategy for the elderly with complex coronary artery disease remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate 10-year all-cause mortality, life expectancy, 5-year major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and 5-year quality of life (QOL) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in elderly individuals (>70 years old) with 3-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main disease (LMD). METHODS: In the present pre-specified analysis on age of the SYNTAX Extended Survival study, 10-year all-cause death and 5-year MACCE were compared with Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox proportional hazards models among elderly or nonelderly patients. Life expectancy was estimated by restricted mean survival time within 10 years, and QOL status according to the Seattle Angina Questionnaire up to 5 years was assessed by linear mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Among 1,800 randomized patients, 575 patients (31.9%) were elderly. Ten-year mortality did not differ significantly between PCI and CABG in elderly (44.1% vs. 41.1%; hazard ratio [HR]: 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.84 to 1.40) and nonelderly patients (21.1% vs. 16.6%; HR: 1.30; 95% CI: 1.00 to 1.69; pinteraction = 0.332). Among elderly patients, 5-year MACCE was comparable between PCI and CABG (39.4% vs. 35.1%; HR: 1.18; 95% CI: 0.90 to 1.56), whereas it was significantly higher in PCI over CABG among nonelderly patients (36.3% vs. 23.0%; HR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.36 to 2.10; pinteraction = 0.043). There were no significant difference in life expectancy (mean difference: 0.2 years in favor of CABG; 95% CI: -0.4 to 0.7) and 5-year QOL status between PCI and CABG among elderly patients. CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients with 3VD and/or LMD had comparable 10-year all-cause death, life expectancy, 5-year MACCE, and 5-year QOL status irrespective of revascularization mode. (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050) (SYNTAX Study: TAXUS Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).

12.
Am J Cardiol ; 151: 30-38, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049676

RESUMO

Numerous studies have demonstrated a paradoxical association between higher baseline body mass index (BMI) and lower long-term mortality risk after coronary revascularization, known as the "obesity paradox", possibly relying on the single use of BMI. The current study is a post-hoc analysis of the SYNTAX Extended Survival (SYNTAXES) trial, which is the extended follow-up of the SYNTAX trial comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in patients with left-main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) or three-vessel disease (3VD). Patients were stratified according to baseline BMI and/or waist circumference (WC). Out of 1,800 patients, 1,799 (99.9%) and 1,587 (88.2%) had available baseline BMI and WC data, respectively. Of those, 1,327 (73.8%) patients had High BMI (≥25 kg/m2), whereas 705 (44.4%) patients had High WC (>102 cm for men or >88 cm for women). When stratified by both BMI and WC, 10-year mortality risk was significantly higher in patients with Low BMI/Low WC (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.65; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09 to 2.51), Low BMI/ High WC (adjusted HR: 2.74; 95% CI: 1.12 to 6.69), or High BMI/High WC (adjusted HR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.11 to 2.27) compared to those with High BMI/Low WC. In conclusion, the "obesity paradox" following coronary revascularization would be driven by low long-term mortality risk of the High BMI/Low WC group. Body composition should be assessed by the combination of BMI and WC in the appropriate evaluation of the long-term risk of obesity in patients with LMCAD or 3VD.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Mortalidade , Revascularização Miocárdica , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Circunferência da Cintura , Idoso , Composição Corporal , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
14.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 62(5): 510-514, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with tricuspid valve (TV) disease and indication for TV surgery frequently have permanent pacemaker (PM) or defibrillator (AICD) leads, placed in the right ventricle (RV). The aim of this study was to analyze postoperative results and mid-term outcomes after isolated TV surgery (with no further concomitant cardiac procedures) in the presence of permanent RV leads. METHODS: From January 2005 to January 2019 a total of 80 patients (mean age: 67.7±10.3 yrs; 56.3% male) with isolated TV disease and presence of at least one permanent RV lead in place were referred to our institution for isolated TV repair/replacement; patients with concomitant procedures were excluded for this analysis. All data were retrospectively analyzed. The follow-up was 98% complete. RESULTS: Mean follow-up time was 4.3±3.9 years. Mean preoperative clinical NYHA status was 3.0±0.8, left ventricular ejection fraction 50.7±12.9%, mean pulmonary artery pressure 23.8±9.3mmHg, creatinine 125.7±57.5µmol/L, mean MELD-XI Score (Model of End-stage-Liver Disease excluding INR) was 14.6±5.0 µmol/L. Thirty-day mortality was 6.3% with a 5-years survival of 58.2±6.0%. Cox regression analysis revealed the MELD-XI-Score as the only highly significant predictor for postoperative mortality (P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Hepatorenal dysfunction - possibly indicating long lasting TV failure - could be a factor for limited postoperative survival in our patient cohort. This finding could underline our hypothesis, that early TV surgery may achieve better postoperative survival, even in patients with TV disease caused by RV leads. Therefore, further investigations are needed.

15.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 14(7): 1299-1305, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to introduce a novel clinically relevant nomenclature system for the TV and determine the relative incidence of each morphological type. BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of transcatheter tricuspid valve (TV) repair techniques, there is a growing recognition of the variability in leaflet morphology and a need for a unified nomenclature, which could aid in procedural planning and execution. METHODS: Patients from 4 medical centers (2 in Europe, 2 in the United States) referred for transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to assess native TV function, were retrospectively analyzed for leaflet morphology with the use of a novel classification scheme. Four morphological types were identified: type I, 3 leaflets; type II, 2 leaflets; type IIIA, 4 leaflets with 2 anterior; type IIIB, 4 leaflets with 2 posterior; type IIIC, 4 leaflets with 2 septal; and type IV, >4 leaflets. RESULTS: A total of 579 patients were analyzed: mean age 78.1 ± 8.0 years, 50.4% female, 70.9% in atrial fibrillation, and 32.2% with previous left heart surgery or transcatheter intervention. Tricuspid regurgitation was moderate or less in 9.4%, severe in 40.5%, massive in 32.3%, and torrential in 17.7%. The etiology of tricuspid regurgitation was primary in 9.4%, mixed in 10.8%, and secondary in all of the other patients (18.6% atriogenic/isolated). The incidence of type I morphology was 312 of 579 (53.9%), type II was 26 of 579 (4.5%), type IIIA was 15 of 579 (2.6%), type IIIB was 186 of 579 (32.1%), type IIIC was 22 of 579 (3.8%), and type IV was 14 of 579 (2.4%). CONCLUSIONS: A novel TV leaflet nomenclature classification scheme can be used to identify 4 types of TV morphologies with the use of TEE imaging. From this multinational retrospective study, the TV has 3 well defined leaflets in only ∼54% of patients and 4 functional leaflets in ∼39% of patients, with type IIIB (2 posterior leaflets) being the most common of the latter. The utility of this classification scheme deserves further study.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Valva Tricúspide , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Reoperative tricuspid valve (TV) surgery is considered high risk even in the absence of additional concomitant cardiac procedures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate preoperative clinical parameters as predictors for survival after isolated reoperative TV surgery. METHODS: From January 2005 to January 2019, 85 patients (mean age: 66.7 ± 10.3 years, 34 male) with severe isolated TV regurgitation and prior cardiac surgery were referred to our centre for elective or urgent TV repair/replacement; patients with endocarditis were excluded. We retrospectively analysed preoperative hepatorenal function [reflected by widely used clinical and laboratory parameters and the Model of End-stage-Liver Disease excluding International Normalized Ratio (MELD-XI) score] as a predictor for postoperative survival. RESULTS: At hospital admission, the patients' average preoperative New York Heart Association class was 2.9 ± 0.6, left ventricular ejection fraction 52.5 ± 10.6%, mean pulmonary artery pressure 24.7 ± 8.0 mmHg, creatinine 115.4 ± 66.6 µmol/l, bilirubin 20.0 ± 19.6 µmol/l and the mean MELD-XI score was 13.3 ± 4.0 µmol/l. The mean follow-up was 5.4 ± 4.2 years. Thirty-day mortality was 5%, 5-year survival was 60.6 ± 5.4% and 10-year survival was 42.9 ± 6.5%. The multivariable Cox regression analysis evaluated the MELD-XI score [hazard ratio (HR 1.144, confidence interval 95% 1.0-1.3, P = 0.005] and diabetes mellitus (HR 2.27, confidence interval 95% 1.0-5.0, P = 0.04) as significant predictors for excess mortality while age and mean pulmonary artery pressure did not reliably predict clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatorenal dysfunction was one main factor accounting for limited postoperative survival in our patient cohort. The MELD-XI score is easy to calculate and seems to reliably predict the perioperative risk in patients with prior cardiac surgery and indication for TV surgery.

17.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(5): 529-540, 2021 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical benefit after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with total occlusions (TOs) and complex coronary artery disease has not yet been clarified. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with TOs undergoing PCI or CABG. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of patients with at least 1 TO in the SYNTAXES (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Extended Survival) study, which investigated 10-year all-cause mortality in the SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial, beyond its original 5-year follow-up. Patients with TOs were further stratified according to the status of TO recanalization or revascularization. RESULTS: Of 1,800 randomized patients to the PCI or CABG arm, 460 patients had at least 1 lesion of TO. In patients with TOs, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization was not associated with 10-year all-cause mortality, irrespective of the assigned treatment (PCI arm: 29.9% vs. 29.4%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.992; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.474 to 2.075; p = 0.982; and CABG arm: 28.0% vs. 21.4%; adjusted HR: 0.656; 95% CI: 0.281 to 1.533; p = 0.330). When TOs existed in left main and/or left anterior descending artery, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization did not have an impact on the mortality (34.5% vs. 26.9%; adjusted HR: 0.896; 95% CI: 0.314 to 2.555; p = 0.837). CONCLUSIONS: At 10-year follow-up, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization did not affect mortality, irrespective of the assigned treatment and location of TOs. The present study might support contemporary practice among high-volume chronic TO-PCI centers where recanalization is primarily offered to patients for the management of angina refractory to medical therapy when myocardial viability is confirmed. (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050; SYNTAX Study: TAXUS Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Previsões , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Medição de Risco/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Oclusão Coronária/mortalidade , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitral valve (MV) repair with annuloplasty is the standard of care in patients with primary degenerative mitral regurgitation (DMR). Newer generations of annuloplasty rings have been developed with the goals of closer reproduction of native annular geometry and easier implantation. This study investigates the short-term and 5-year clinical outcomes of MV repair with the Carpentier-Edwards (CE) Physio II annuloplasty ring. METHODS: This is an observational study including a total of 486 patients who underwent MV repair for DMR using the CE Physio II annuloplasty ring between 2011 and 2016. RESULTS: Mean age was 54.8 ± 12.1 years, 364 patients (74.9%) were males, and 84 patients (17.3%) presented with atrial fibrillation. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 62.3 ± 7.3%. Mean logistic EuroSCORE was 2.7 ± 2.4%. New York Heart Association functional class III-IV symptoms were present in 134 (27.6%) patients preoperatively. Isolated MV repair was performed via a right-sided mini-thoracotomy in 479 patients (98.6%). Concomitant procedures included ablation for atrial fibrillation in 83 patients (17.1%) and closure of atrial septum defect in 88 patients (18.1%). Median size of implanted annuloplasty rings was 34 mm (interquartile range: 34-38 mm). Mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 116 ± 34 minutes and mean cross-clamp time was 74 ± 25 minutes. Thirty-day mortality was 0.4%. The Kaplan-Meier 4-year survival was 98.5%. Freedom from MV reoperation was 96.2 and 94.0% at 1 and 4 years. CONCLUSION: MV repair with the CE Physio II annuloplasty ring is associated with excellent midterm clinical outcome.

20.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 37(6): 1947-1959, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616785

RESUMO

Three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3D-TTE) provides a semi-automated proximal isovelocity surface area method (3D-PISA) to obtain quantitative parameters. Data assessing regurgitation severity in mitral valve prolapse (MVP) are scarce, so we assessed the 3D-PISA method compared with 2D-PISA and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and the role of an eccentricity index. We evaluated the 3D-PISA method for assessing MR in 54 patients with MVP (57 ± 14 years; 42 men; 12 mild/mild-moderate; 12 moderate-severe; and 30 severe MR). Role of an asymmetric (i.e. eccentricity index ≥ 1.25) flow convergence region (FCR) and inter-modality consistency were then assessed. 3D-PISA derived regurgitant volume (RVol) showed a good correlation with 2D-PISA and CMR derived parameters (r = 0.86 and r = 0.81, respectively). The small mean differences with 2D-PISA derived RVol did not reach statistical significance in overall population (5.7 ± 23 ml, 95% CI - 0.6 to 12; p = 0.08) but differed in those with asymmetric 3D-FCR (n = 21; 2D-PISA: 72 ± 36 ml vs. 3D-PISA: 93 ± 47 ml; p = 0.001). RVol mean values were higher using PISA methods (CMR 57 ± 33 ml; 2D-PISA 73 ± 39 ml; and 3D-PISA 79 ± 45 ml) and an overestimation was observed when CMR was used as reference (2D-PISA vs. CMR: mean difference: 15.8 ml [95% CI 10-22, p < 0.001]; and 3D-PISA vs. CMR: 21.5 ml [95% CI 14-29, p < 0.001]). Intra- and inter-observer reliability was excellent (ICC 0.91-0.99), but with numerically lower coefficient of variation for 3D-PISA (8%-10% vs. 2D-PISA: 12%-16%). 3D-PISA method for assessing regurgitation in MVP may enable analogous evaluation compared to standard 2D-PISA, but with overestimation in case of asymmetric FCR or when CMR is used as reference method.

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