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1.
Stroke ; 50(8): 2250­2252, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577899

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: Emergent carotid artery stenting plus mechanical thrombectomy is an effective treatment for acute ischemic stroke patients with tandem occlusion of the anterior circulation. However, there is limited data supporting the safety of this approach in patients treated with prior intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). We aimed to investigate the safety of emergent carotid artery stenting-mechanical thrombectomy approach in stroke patient population treated with prior IVT Methods: ­We assessed patients with acute ischemic stroke because of atherosclerotic tandem occlusion that were treated with emergent carotid artery stenting-mechanical thrombectomy approach from the multicenter observational Thrombectomy in Tandem Lesions registry. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on pretreatment IVT (IVT versus no-IVT). Intracerebral hemorrhages were classified according to the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study II criteria. Results: Among 205 patients included in the present study, 125 (60%) received prior IVT. Time from symptoms onsetto-groin puncture was shorter (234±100 versus 256±234 minutes; P=0.002), and heparin use was less in the IVT group (14% versus 35%; P<0.001); otherwise, there was no difference in the baseline characteristics. There was no significant difference between the IVT and no-IVT groups in the rate of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (5% versus 8%; P=0.544), parenchymal hematoma type 1 to 2 (15% versus 18%; P=0.647), successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Ischemia 2b­3), or 90-day favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score of 0­2 at 90 days). The 90-day all-cause mortality rate was significantly lower in the IVT group (8% versus 20%; P=0.017). After adjusting for covariates, IVT was not associated with symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage or 90-day mortality Conclusions: Emergent carotid artery stenting-mechanical thrombectomy approach was not associated with an increased risk of hemorrhagic complications in tandem occlusion patients who received IVT before the intervention.

2.
Stroke ; 50(11): 3141-3146, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570085

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- It is unknown whether the benefit of thrombectomy in late presenting acute stroke patients with imaging evidence of clinical-infarct mismatch is different in patients presenting with wake-up stroke compared with those presenting with witnessed onset or unwitnessed onset. Methods- Prespecified secondary analysis was performed from DAWN (Diffusion Weighted Imaging [DWI] or Computerized Tomography Perfusion [CTP] Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention), a multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial with blinded end point assessment comparing thrombectomy with the Trevo device against standard medical therapy in patients with acute stroke and clinical-infarct mismatch presenting 6 to 24 hour after the time last seen well. For the purposes of this study, the primary outcome was the proportion of modified Rankin Scale score 0 to 2 at 90 days. Univariable analysis and multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between outcome and mode of onset. Results- All 206 enrolled patients were included in the study. Mode of onset was: wake-up stroke (55.3%, n=114), witnessed onset (12.1%, n=25), and unwitnessed onset (32.5%, n=67) with median time last seen well to randomization (13.4±3.7, 10.0±3.7, 14.1±4.9 hours) respectively. Rates of 90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0 to 2 and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage in the thrombectomy arm were not statistically different across patient onset subtypes (P=0.79 and P=0.40, respectively). The benefit of thrombectomy compared with best medical therapy was maintained across all 3 onset modes (rates of 90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0 to 2 in patients allocated to thrombectomy versus control: wake-up stroke-49.3% versus 10.6%, witnessed onset-63.6% versus 21.4%, UW-41.4% versus 13.2%; P×interaction=0.79). In univariable and multivariable analyses, mode of onset was not identified as a significant predictor of modified Rankin Scale score 0 to 2 at 90 days. Conclusions- In patients with acute ischemic stroke presenting between 6 and 24 hours from time last seen well and harboring clinical-infarct mismatch, the benefit of thrombectomy was similar regardless of the wake-up, unwitnessed, or witnessed mode of onset.

3.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 104402, 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Young individuals with symptomatic carotid webs may be predisposed to ischemic strokes. However, evidence remains scarce. This investigation reports the frequency of carotid webs among patients with cryptogenic strokes compared to a control group. METHODS: Consecutive cryptogenic ischemic strokes and trauma patients were identified. Additional inclusion criteria required age 18-60 years and availability of head/neck computed tomography (CT) angiography. CT angiogram (CTA) neck images were evaluated independently by 2 fellowshiptrained specialists. A carotid web was defined by a shelf-like, linear filling defect in the posterior internal carotid artery bulb. RESULTS: Of 1877 patients presenting with ischemic strokes in 2015-2017, 165 were diagnosed with cryptogenic strokes, 51 of whom met the inclusion criteria of age and CTA availability. Fifty one trauma cases were matched for age and sex. After imaging analysis, 13 carotid webs (25%) were identified in the 51 cryptogenic stroke group versus 0 (0%; P < .001) in trauma subjects. Thirty-nine of the 51 cryptogenic ischemic stroke patients were found with carotid anterior distribution infarcts, of which 9 (23%) were found with ipsilateral carotid webs. There were more proximal large vessel occlusions in the cryptogenic patients with carotid webs, compared to those without (P = .04). All carotid webs led to less than 30% degree of stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: Carotid webs were found at a significantly higher frequency in patients with cryptogenic ischemic strokes compared to controls, indicating a potentially thrombogenic nature of these lesions in young patients. Additionally, intracranial large vessel occlusions were more common in patients with symptomatic carotid webs, presenting with ipsilateral strokes.

4.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pilot use of a smartphone platform for electronic informed consent (e-Consent) in large vessel occlusion acute stroke (LVOS) trials has recently been reported. The degree of satisfaction from Legal Authorized Representatives (LARs) with regard to this process remains to be established. METHODS: A single-center study evaluating the experience of LARs with the use of e-Consent in a LVOS randomized trial of an investigational drug administered within 12 hours of last known normal was carried out. A structured survey was used to evaluate the experience of the LARs with the e-consenting process. RESULTS: From February to November 2018, 60 consecutive patients were e-Consented. Of these, 53 LARs completed the survey. The median (IQR) age of the patients was 63 (53-70) years, baseline/discharge National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 17 (12-20)/3(1-12), and 45% were independent at discharge. The survey was applied in person in 43% of cases and via telephone in 57%. Median LAR age was 48 (39-59) years, 64% were female, and a multi-ethnic composition was observed. Forty percent of LARs had less than tertiary level of education (high-school or less). Regarding the e-Consent, 98% of LARs reported to be 'clear' and 83% felt 'very comfortable' in signing. The overall experience was 'excellent/good' in 91%. Despite the positive general impression regarding the use of e-Consent, 12 LARs (22%) would have preferred paper consent. Multivariable regression indicated that lower educational status (tertiary education or less: OR 5.09, 95% CI 1.02 to 25.48; p=0.04) and lower baseline ASPECTS score (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.41 to 0.96; p=0.03) were independently associated with preference for paper consent. CONCLUSIONS: e-Consent was overall very well perceived by LARs in a randomized clinical trial of LVOS. A minority of proxies, who were more commonly less formally educated, would have preferred paper consenting.

6.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473647

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Technical improvements to enhance distal occlusion thrombectomy are desirable. We describe the blind catheter exchange technique and report the pinning technique with small devices ('mini-pinning') for distal occlusions. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospective database from January 2015 to August 2018 was performed for cases of distal occlusion in which the 'blind exchange/mini-pinning' (BEMP) techniques were used. The technique involves the deployment of a 3 mm Trevo retriever followed by microcatheter removal and blind advancement of a 3MAX aspiration catheter over the bare retriever delivery wire ('blind exchange') until clot contact under aspiration. The retriever is subsequently partially recaptured in order to 'cork' the thrombus ('mini-pinning') and the system pulled as a unit. Patients with distal occlusions treated with BEMP and standard techniques (either 3 mm Trevo or 3MAX) were compared. RESULTS: Twenty-five vessels were treated in 22 patients. The majority of patients had isolated distal occlusions predominantly in the distal middle cerebral artery (MCA) segments, half of which involved the superior division. The comparison between BEMP (n=25 vessels) and standard techniques (n=144 vessels) revealed balanced groups. One of the highlighted differences was the more distal MCA occlusions among those who underwent BEMP (M3 occlusions 52% vs 22%; p=0.001). Otherwise, the vessel, segments, divisions and luminal diameter were comparable. There was a higher rate of first-pass modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction 2b-3 (80% vs 56%; p=0.03) and a trend towards higher rates of first-pass full reperfusion (60% vs 40%; p=0.07) with BEMP compared with standard techniques. Final reperfusion and clinical outcomes were comparable. CONCLUSION: BEMP appears to be a safe and effective technique for the treatment of distal occlusions. Additional studies are warranted.

7.
Stroke ; 50(9): 2420-2427, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412752

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- We determined the effect of sex on outcome after endovascular stroke thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke, including lifelong disability outcomes. Methods- We analyzed patients treated with the Solitaire stent retriever in the combined SWIFT (Solitaire FR With the Intention for Thrombectomy), STAR (Solitaire FR Thrombectomy for Acute Revascularization), and SWIFT PRIME (Solitaire FR With the Intention for Thrombectomy as Primary Endovascular Treatment) cohorts. Ordinal and logistic regression were used to examine known factors influencing outcome after endovascular stroke thrombectomy and study the effect of sex on the association between these factors and outcomes, including age and time to reperfusion. Years of optimal life after thrombectomy were defined as disability-adjusted life years and calculated by projecting disability through adjusted poststroke life expectancy by sex. Results- Among 389 patients treated with endovascular stroke thrombectomy, 55% were females, and median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale was 17 (interquartile range, 8-28). There were no differences between females versus males in presenting deficit severity (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, 17 versus 17, P=0.21), occlusion location (69% versus 64% M1, P=0.62), presenting infarct extent (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score 8 versus 8, P=0.24), rate of substantial reperfusion (Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction 2b/3, 87% versus 83%, P=0.37), onset to reperfusion time (294 versus 302 minutes, P=0.46). Despite older ages (69 versus 64, P<0.001) and higher rate of atrial fibrillation (45% versus 30%, P=0.002) for females compared with males, adjusted rates of functional independence at 90 days were similar (odds ratio, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.6-1.6). After adjusting for age at presentation and stroke severity, females had more years of optimal life (disability-adjusted life year) after endovascular stroke thrombectomy, 10.6 versus 8.5 years (P<0.001). Conclusions- Despite greater age and higher rate of atrial fibrillation, females experienced comparable functional outcomes and greater years of optimal life after intervention compared with males.

8.
Stroke ; 50(9): 2612-2618, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340728
9.
Stroke ; 50(9): 2404-2412, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345135

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- It is unknown whether noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) can identify patients who will benefit from intra-arterial treatment (IAT) in the extended time window. We sought to characterize baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) in DAWN (DWI or CTP Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake-Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention With Trevo) and to assess whether ASPECTS modified IAT effect. Methods- Core lab adjudicated ASPECTS scores were analyzed. The trial cohort was divided into 2 groups by qualifying imaging (computed tomography versus magnetic resonance imaging). ASPECTS-by-treatment interaction was tested for the trial coprimary end points (90-day utility-weighted modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score and mRS, 0-2), mRS 0 to 3, and ordinal mRS. ASPECTS was evaluated separately as an ordinal and a dichotomized (0-6 versus 7-10) variable. Results- Of 205 DAWN subjects, 123 (60%) had NCCT ASPECTS, and 82 (40%) had diffusion weighted imaging ASPECTS. There was a significant ordinal NCCT ASPECTS-by-treatment interaction for 90-day utility-weighted mRS (interaction P=0.04) and mRS 0 to 2 (interaction P=0.02). For both end points, IAT effect was more pronounced at higher NCCT ASPECTS. The dichotomized NCCT ASPECTS-by-treatment interaction was significant only for mRS 0 to 2 (interaction P=0.04), where greater treatment benefit was seen in the ASPECTS 7 to 10 group (odds ratio, 7.50 [2.71-20.77] versus odds ratio, 0.48 [0.04-5.40]). A bidirectional treatment effect was observed in the NCCT ASPECTS 0 to 6 group, with treatment associated with not only more mRS 0 to 3 outcomes (50% versus 25%) but also more mRS 5 to 6 outcomes (40% versus 25%). There was no significant modification of IAT effect by diffusion weighted imaging ASPECTS. Conclusions- Baseline NCCT ASPECTS appears to modify IAT effect in DAWN. Higher NCCT ASPECTS was associated with greater benefit from IAT. No treatment interaction was observed for diffusion weighted imaging ASPECTS.

10.
Stroke ; 50(9): 2455-2460, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318624

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- It remains unclear how experience influences outcomes after the advent of stent retriever technology. We studied the relationship between site experience and outcomes in the Trevo Acute Ischemic Stroke multicenter registry. Methods- The 24 sites that enrolled patients in the Trevo Acute Ischemic Stroke registry were trichotomized into low-volume (<2 cases/month), medium-volume (2-4 cases/month), and high-volume centers (>4 cases/month). Baseline features, imaging, and clinical outcomes were compared across the 3 volume strata. A multivariable analysis was performed to assess whether outcomes were influenced by site volumes. Results- A total of 624 patients were included and distributed as low- (n=188 patients, 30.1%), medium- (n=175, 28.1%), and high-volume (n=261, 41.8%) centers. There were no significant differences in terms of age (mean, 66±16 versus 67±14 versus 65±15; P=0.2), baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (mean, 17.6±6.5 versus 16.8±6.5 versus 17.6±6.9; P=0.43), or occlusion site across the 3 groups. Median (interquartile range) times from stroke onset to groin puncture were 266 (181.8-442.5), 239 (175-389), and 336.5 (221.3-466.5) minutes in low-, medium-, and high-volume centers, respectively (P=0.004). Higher efficiency and better outcomes were seen in higher volume sites as demonstrated by shorter procedural times (median, 97 versus 67 versus 69 minutes; P<0.001), higher balloon guide catheter use (40% versus 36% versus 59%; P≤0.0001), and higher rates of good outcome (90-day modified Rankin Scale [mRS], ≤2; 39% versus 50% versus 53.4%; P=0.02). There were no appreciable differences in symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage or 90-day mortality. After adjustments in the multivariable analysis, there were significantly higher chances of achieving a good outcome in high- versus low-volume (odds ratio, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.03-2.7; P=0.04) and medium- versus low-volume (odds ratio, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.1-2.9; P=0.03) centers, but there were no significant differences between high- and medium-volume centers (P=0.86). Conclusions- Stroke center volumes significantly influence efficiency and outcomes in mechanical thrombectomy.

11.
Stroke ; 50(8): 2163-2167, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303153

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- The impact of transfer status on clinical outcomes in the DAWN (DWI or CTP Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake-Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention With Trevo) population is unknown. We analyzed workflow and clinical outcome differences between direct versus transfer patients in the DAWN population. Methods- The following time metrics were analyzed for each group: (1) last known well to hospital arrival, (2) hospital arrival to eligibility imaging, (3) hospital arrival to arterial puncture, (4) qualifying imaging to arterial puncture, (5) last known well to arterial puncture, (6) last known well to reperfusion. The primary end point was the rate of functional independence (90-day modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score, 0-2). Using univariate unconditional logistic regression, we calculated odds ratios and 95% CIs for the association between clinically relevant time metrics, transfer status, and functional independence (mRS 0-2). Results- A total of 206 patients were enrolled. Among these, 121 (59%) patients were transferred, and 85 (41%) patients presented directly to a thrombectomy capable center. Median time last seen well to hospital arrival time was similar between the 2 groups (678 versus 696 minutes). The time from hospital arrival to groin puncture was significantly longer in direct patients compared with transferred patients 140 minutes (interquartile range, 105.5-177.5 minutes) and 88 minutes (interquartile range, 55-125 minutes), respectively (P<0.001). Differences in treatment effect or differences in rates of mRS 0-2 in the thrombectomy treated patients were not statistically significant in direct versus transfer patients (odds ratios for mRS 0-2, thrombectomy versus control, were 5.62 in direct and 6.63 in transfer patients, respectively, Breslow-Day P=0.817). Conclusions- Although transfer patients had a faster door to puncture time, benefits of thrombectomy, and rates of mRS 0 to 2 in the treatment group were similar between direct and transferred patients in the DAWN population. These results may inform prehospital and primary stroke centers triage protocols in patients presenting in the late time window. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02142283.

12.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31239326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the proven benefit of neurothrombectomy, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) remains the most serious procedural complication. The aim of this analysis was to identify predictors of different hemorrhage subtypes and evaluate their individual impact on clinical outcome. METHODS: Pooled individual patient-level data from three large prospective multicenter studies were analyzed for the incidence of different ICH subtypes, including any ICH, hemorrhagic transformation (HT), parenchymal hematoma (PH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). All patients (n=389) treated with the Solitaire device were included in the analysis. A multivariate stepwise logistic regression model was used to identify predictors of each hemorrhage subtype. RESULTS: General anesthesia and higher baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score (ASPECTS) were associated with a lower probability of any ICH (OR 0.36, p=0.003), (OR 0.80, p=0.032) and HT (OR 0.54, p=0.023), (OR 0.78, p=0.001), respectively. Longer time from onset to treatment was associated with a higher likelihood of HT (OR 1.08, p=0.001) and PH (OR 1.11, p=0.015). Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) was also a strong predictor of PH (OR 7.63, p=0.013). Functional independence at 90 days (modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0-2) was observed significantly less frequently in all hemorrhage subtypes except SAH. None of the patients who achieved functional independence at 90 days had sICH. CONCLUSIONS: General anesthesia and smaller baseline ischemic core are associated with a lower probability of HT whereas IV-tPA and prolonged time to treatment increase the risk of PH after neurothrombectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: SWIFT-NCT01054560; post results, SWIFT PRIME-NCT01657461; post results, STAR-NCT01327989; post results.

13.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although aspiration and stent retriever thrombectomy perform similarly in proximal occlusions, no comparative series are available in distal occlusions. We aimed to compare the 3 mm Trevo Retriever against the 3MAX thromboaspiration catheter in distal arterial occlusions. METHODS: A single-center retrospective review of a prospectively maintained databank for patients treated with the 3 mm Trevo stent retriever or 3MAX thromboaspiration as the upfront approach for distal occlusions (middle cerebral artery mid/distal M2/M3, anterior cerebral artery A1/A2/A3 or posterior cerebral artery P1/P2) from January 2014 to July 2018 was performed. The primary outcome was the rate of distal occlusion first-pass reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) 2b-3). RESULTS: Of 1100 patients treated within the study period, 137 patients/144 different arteries were treated with the 3 mm Trevo (n=92) or 3MAX device (n=52). The groups had comparable demographics and baseline characteristics. There was a higher rate of first-pass mTICI 2b-3 reperfusion (62% vs 44%; p=0.03), a trend towards a higher rate of final mTICI 2b-3 reperfusion (84% vs 69%; p=0.05), and lower use of adjuvant therapy (15% vs 31%; p=0.03) with the 3 mm Trevo compared with the 3MAX. The median number of passes (p=0.46), frequency of arterial spasm (p=1.00), rates of parenchymal hematomas (p=0.22)/subarachnoid hemorrhage (p=0.37) in the territory of the approached vessel were similar across the two groups. The 90-day rate of good outcomes (45% vs 46% in the 3 mm Trevo and 3MAX groups, respectively; p=0.84) was comparable. Multivariable regression identified baseline NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score (OR 0.9; 95% CI 0.8 to 0.97; p<0.01) and use of 3 mm Trevo (OR 2.2; 95% CI 1.1 to 4.6; p=0.02) independently associated with first-pass mTICI 2b-3 reperfusion. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of distal arterial occlusions, the 3 mm Trevo may lead to higher rates of first-pass reperfusion than direct 3MAX thromboaspiration. Lower NIHSS was found to be associated with improved reperfusion rates as observed in more proximal lesions. Further studies are warranted.

15.
Interv Neuroradiol ; 25(6): 613-618, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number needed to treat is a commonly used statistical term in modern neurointerventional practice. It represents the number of patients that need to be treated for one patient to benefit from an intervention. Given its growing popularity in reflecting study results, understanding the basics behind this statistic is of practical value to the neurointerventionalist. METHODS: Here, we review the basic theory and calculation of the number needed to treat, its application to stroke interventions, and its limitations. In addition, we demonstrate several simple methods of calculating the number needed to treat utilizing recent thrombectomy trial results. By presenting the number needed to treat as a universal metric, we provide a comprehensive comparative of the number needed to treat for key stroke therapies, including mechanical thrombectomy, tissue plasminogen activator, carotid endarterectomy, and prevention with antiplatelet and statin drugs. CONCLUSIONS: In comparison with available stroke therapies, mechanical thrombectomy stands out as the most effective acute intervention in patients with emergent large-vessel occlusions. Understanding how the number needed to treat is derived and its implications helps provide perspective to clinical trial data, identify health-care resource priorities, and improve communication with patients, health-care providers, and additional key stakeholders.

16.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 42(8): 1160-1167, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data on safety and efficacy of periprocedural use of heparin are limited during treatment of acute ischemic stroke patients with anterior circulation tandem occlusion. This study aimed to investigate the impact of heparin use during endovascular therapy of anterior circulation tandem occlusions on the functional and safety outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the multicenter observational TITAN registry was performed. Patients with anterior circulation tandem occlusion and treated with endovascular therapy (EVT) were included, with or without extracranial carotid intervention. We divided patients into two groups based on periprocedural heparin use (heparin vs. non-heparin). The dose of intravenous unfractionated heparin ranged from 1500 to 2500 I.U. Primary study endpoint was 90-day Modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Secondary study endpoint included angiographic and safety endpoints such as hemorrhagic complications. A propensity-score-matched analysis was performed. RESULTS: Among 369 patients, heparin was used in 68 patients (18.4%). In the propensity-score-matched cohort, favorable outcome (mRS 0-2) occurred in 51.3% in heparin group and 58.0% in non-heparin group (matched OR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.32-1.78; P = 0.52). Similar result was found in propensity-score-adjusted cohort (adjusted OR, 0.72; 95%CI, 0.39-1.32; P = 0.28). Likewise, there was no difference in the rate of successful reperfusion (mTICI 2b-3) (propensity-score-adjusted OR, 1.03; 95%CI, 0.50-2.09; P = 0.93) neither in safety endpoints between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Periprocedural heparin use during EVT of anterior circulation tandem occlusions was not associated with better functional, angiographic or safety outcomes. These findings are applicable for low doses of heparin, and further studies are warranted.

17.
Stroke ; 50(7): e187-e210, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104615

RESUMO

In 2005, the American Stroke Association published recommendations for the establishment of stroke systems of care and in 2013 expanded on them with a statement on interactions within stroke systems of care. The aim of this policy statement is to provide a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence evaluating stroke systems of care to date and to update the American Stroke Association recommendations on the basis of improvements in stroke systems of care. Over the past decade, stroke systems of care have seen vast improvements in endovascular therapy, neurocritical care, and stroke center certification, in addition to the advent of innovations, such as telestroke and mobile stroke units, in the context of significant changes in the organization of healthcare policy in the United States. This statement provides an update to prior publications to help guide policymakers and public healthcare agencies in continually updating their stroke systems of care in light of these changes. This statement and its recommendations span primordial and primary prevention, acute stroke recognition and activation of emergency medical services, triage to appropriate facilities, designation of and treatment at stroke centers, secondary prevention at hospital discharge, and rehabilitation and recovery.

18.
Stroke ; 50(7): 1907-1910, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138084

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Nearly 30% of large vessel occlusion acute ischemic stroke clots are from an unknown source. We assessed histological clot composition in a series of patients with large vessel occlusion and investigated correlations between clot composition and stroke pathogenesis. Methods- As part of the multi-institutional STRIP registry (Stroke Thromboembolism Registry of Imaging and Pathology), consecutive emboli retrieved during mechanical thrombectomy were stained using Martius Scarlett Blue and analyzed using machine learning software. We assessed proportions of red blood cells, fibrin, platelets, and white blood cells. Correlations between clot components and stroke pathogenesis (large artery atherosclerosis, cardioembolism, and stroke of undetermined pathogenesis) were assessed using SPSS22. Results- One hundred five patients were included. The proportion of platelet-rich clots (55.0% versus 21.2%; P=0.005) and percentage of platelet content (22.1±4.2% versus 13.9±14.2%; P=0.03) was significantly higher in the large artery atherosclerosis group compared with the cardioembolic group. The proportion of platelet-rich clots (50.0% versus 21.2%; P=0.024) was also significantly higher in the cryptogenic group compared with cardioembolic cases. Large artery atherosclerosis and cryptogenic cases had a similar proportion of platelet-rich clots (55.0% versus 50.0%; P=0.636). There was no significant difference between stroke pathogenesis and the other major clot components. Conclusions- High platelet content of emboli is associated with a large artery atherosclerosis etiology of large vessel occlusion.

20.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 11(11): 1145-1149, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current studies on clot characterization in acute ischemic stroke focus on fibrin and red blood cell composition. Few studies have examined platelet composition in acute ischemic stroke clots. We characterize clot composition using the Martius Scarlet Blue stain and assess associations between platelet density and CT density. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Histopathological analysis of the clots collected as part of the multi-institutional STRIP registry was performed using Martius Scarlet Blue stain and the composition of the clots was quantified using Orbit Image Analysis (www.orbit.bio) machine learning software. Prior to endovascular treatment, each patient underwent non-contrast CT (NCCT) and the CT density of each clot was measured. Correlations between clot components and clinical information were assessed using the χ2 test. RESULTS: Eighty-five patients were included in the study. The mean platelet density of the clots was 15.7% (2.5-72.5%). There was a significant correlation between platelet-rich clots and the absence of hyperdensity on NCCT, (ρ=0.321, p=0.003*, n=85). Similarly, there was a significant inverse correlation between the percentage of platelets and the mean Hounsfield Units on NCCT (ρ=-0.243, p=0.025*, n=85). CONCLUSION: Martius Scarlet Blue stain can identify patients who have platelet-rich clots. Platelet-rich clots are isodense on NCCT.

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