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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 443, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949259

RESUMO

Herein, we describe the synthesis of highly water-dispersible and biocompatible 3D adsorbents via a rapid two-step strategy employing a mesoporous magnetic nanomulberry-shaped Fe3O4 (MNM) on diatomaceous earth (DE) and cucurbituril (CB; MNM-DE-CB). Coating of CB on the surface of MNM-DE via hydrogen bonds not only enhanced the dispersibility of CB, but also improved the stability of MNM-DE. The ability of the adsorbent to remove dyes from water was investigated as a function of metal ions, solution pH, temperature, and concentration to determine optimum reaction conditions. Unlike MNM-DE, MNM-DE-CB exhibited highly efficient, rapid dye removal and recyclability in aqueous solution, and low cytotoxicity toward cancer cells in drug delivery tests. MNM-DE-CB is a promising green adsorbent with potential for diverse applications including water remediation, interface catalysis, bio-sample preparation, and drug delivery.

2.
Molecules ; 24(21)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671750

RESUMO

Three-component nanocomposites (Fe3O4/Pd/mpg-C3N4) have been systematically synthesized using a three-step solution method for the photocatalytic bacterial decontamination. The mesoporous g-C3N4 nanosheets (mpg-C3N4), which were prepared by the acid treatment, showed a great improvement in photocatalytic performance. The photoluminescence intensity of the mpg-C3N4 nanosheets was disclosed to drop about 60% from the value of normal g-C3N4 nanosheets. Decoration of mpg-C3N4 with palladium (Pd) nanoparticles led to the effective suppression of carrier recombination and the carrier migration to Fe3O4 nanoparticles. It was revealed that the three-component nanocomposites degraded 99.9% of E. coli and 99.8% of S. aureus bacterial strains within 2 h of solar light irradiation at a 100 µg/mL concentration, demonstrating their superb photocatalytic antibacterial activity. In addition, the nanocomposites could be easily separated from the bacterial cells and repeatedly used for photocatalytic bacterial degradation with good recyclability. The strong photon-induced antibacterial activity and good recyclability of the three-component nanocomposites may represent their potential as a promising antibacterial photocatalyst.

3.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(10)2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658638

RESUMO

Near-monodisperse zinc ferrite nanoparticles (ZnFe2O4 NPs) are synthesized by a co-precipitation method and deposited on the surface of silver nanowires (AgNWs), employing a stepwise solution method. The resulting hybrid nanostructures (ZnFe2O4@AgNWs) show a thin and uniform layer of ZnFe2O4 NPs at an optimum weight ratio of 1:6 between the two component nanostructures. The hybrid nanostructures retain the high crystal quality and phase purity of their constituents. It is demonstrated that the ZnFe2O4@AgNWs hybrid nanostructures are effective at inhibiting the biofilm formation of Candida albicans cells. The biofilm inhibition activity of the hybrid nanostructures is estimated to be more than 50% at a low concentration of 100 µg/mL from both crystal violet assay and XTT assay, which are more than 8-fold higher than those of pure AgNWs and ZnFe2O4 NPs. This greatly enhanced biofilm inhibition activity is attributed to the ZnFe2O4 NPs-carrying membrane penetration by AgNWs and the subsequent interaction between Candida cells and ZnFe2O4 NPs. These results indicate that the ZnFe2O4@AgNWs hybrid nanostructures have great potential as a new type of novel antibiofilm agent.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(1): 1411-1419, 2019 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30525384

RESUMO

A crystal-damage-free nanodoping method, which utilized the vacuum drive-in diffusion of Al into ZnO nanorods, was developed. In this method, vertical ZnO nanorod arrays that were grown by chemical bath deposition beforehand were deposited with Al thin film and subsequently heat-treated under a high vacuum. At an optimum condition, the surface Al atoms were completely diffused into ZnO nanorods, resulting in Al-doped ZnO nanorods. Stretchable gas sensors were fabricated by sequentially drop-casting the Al-doped ZnO nanorods and silver nanowires on polydimethylsiloxane substrate. The resistance and response of the sensor could be optimized through the elaborate control of relative densities of Al-doped ZnO nanorods and silver nanowires. The sensor showed a high response of 32.3% to 10 ppm of NO2 gas at room temperature, even under a large strain of 30%. The NO2-sensing mechanism of Al-doped ZnO nanorod/silver nanowire bilayer sensors is discussed on the basis of a synergistic interplay of Al-doped ZnO nanorods and silver nanowires.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 505: 437-444, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28628872

RESUMO

Reverse-engineered Ag nanowire/ZnO nanobush hybrid structures have been synthesized for the first time by a combination of polyol method and low-temperature solution method. Through the elaborate control of Ag-to-ZnO weight ratio, vertically aligned ZnO nanobushes grew on the surface of well-faceted Ag nanowires. The Ag/ZnO hybrid nanostructures showed the crystal features of both Ag nanowires and wurtzite ZnO nanostructures. They exhibited strong UV absorption, whereas their photoluminescence spectra were much weaker than pure ZnO nanostructures due to the inhibited carrier recombination. The photocatalytic activity of Ag/ZnO hybrid nanostructures was greatly improved compared to pure ZnO nanostructures. Furthermore, they showed good cyclic performance and easy recovery from the test solution, demonstrating the possibility of their practical use.

6.
Polymers (Basel) ; 8(4)2016 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979215

RESUMO

There have been a wide variety of efforts to develop conductive elastomers that satisfy both mechanical stretchability and electrical conductivity, as a response to growing demands on stretchable and wearable devices. This article reviews the important progress in conductive elastomers made in three application fields of stretchable technology: stretchable electronics, stretchable sensors, and stretchable energy harvesters. Diverse combinations of insulating elastomers and non-stretchable conductive materials have been studied to realize optimal conductive elastomers. It is noted that similar material combinations and similar structures have often been employed in different fields of application. In terms of stretchability, cyclic operation, and overall performance, fields such as stretchable conductors and stretchable strain/pressure sensors have achieved great advancement, whereas other fields like stretchable memories and stretchable thermoelectric energy harvesting are in their infancy. It is worth mentioning that there are still obstacles to overcome for the further progress of stretchable technology in the respective fields, which include the simplification of material combination and device structure, securement of reproducibility and reliability, and the establishment of easy fabrication techniques. Through this review article, both the progress and obstacles associated with the respective stretchable technologies will be understood more clearly.

7.
Nanotechnology ; 25(49): 495605, 2014 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25410440

RESUMO

Almost monodisperse, crystalline Bi nanoparticle arrays were synthesized using a newly developed method, magnetically assisted growth of Bi nanoparticles (MAGBINs). The MAGBIN utilizes co-sputtering from Bi and Co targets at an elevated temperature. Crystalline Bi nanoparticles with hexagonal morphology were formed in situ on a Si substrate with a thin surface oxide during this process. The size and density of Bi nanoparticles could be controlled by adjusting the relative powers applied to Bi and Co targets, and they showed opposite trends against the relative powers. Several physical processes such as Co agglomeration, element-selective growth, and Ostwald ripening were proposed to be involved in this Bi nanoparticle growth. The MAGBIN is a facile method to synthesize crystalline Bi nanoparticle arrays, which does not need any chemical agents, complex process, or lithography.

8.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 9(1): 312, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24994964

RESUMO

Aluminum silicide microparticles with oxidized rough surfaces were formed on Si substrates through a spontaneous granulation process of Al films. This microparticle formation was caused by interdiffusion of Al and Si atoms at hypoeutectic temperatures of Al-Si systems, which was driven by compressive stress stored in Al films. The size, density, and the composition of the microparticles could be controlled by adjusting the annealing temperature, time, and the film thickness. High-density microparticles of a size around 10 µm and with an atomic ratio of Si/Al of approximately 0.8 were obtained when a 90-nm-thick Al film on Si substrate was annealed for 9 h at 550°C. The microparticle formation resulted in a rapid increase of the sheet resistance, which is a consequence of substantial consumption of Al film. This simple route to size- and composition-controllable microparticle formation may lay a foundation stone for the thermoelectric study on Al-Si alloy-based heterogeneous systems.

9.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 8(1): 441, 2013 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24153106

RESUMO

Strain-dependent cracking behaviors in thin titanium (Ti) films on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates were systematically investigated for their application to sensitive, flexible, transparent, and portable strain sensors. When uniaxially elongated, vertical cracks were developed in the low-strain range, and beyond a critical strain, tilted cracks appeared to intersect the vertical cracks. The cracking behaviors were also dependent on Ti film thickness. The varying strain-dependent crack patterns produced a significant resistance change in response to the applied strain, particularly, in the high- and broad-strain range. For a 180-nm-thick Ti film on PDMS substrate, a gauge factor of 2 was achieved in the range of 30% to 50% strain. The operation power was extremely low. All the Ti films on PDMS substrates were transparent, highly flexible, and very easy to fabricate. These results suggest that cracked Ti films on PDMS substrates could be a viable candidate for realizing a low-cost, flexible, transparent, and portable strain sensor.

10.
Chemphyschem ; 13(6): 1395-403, 2012 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22447655

RESUMO

Nanoscale gaps, which enable many research applications in fields such as chemical sensors, single-electron transistors, and molecular switching devices, have been extensively investigated over the past decade and have witnessed the evolution of related technologies. Importantly, nanoscale gaps employed in hydrogen-gas (H(2)) sensors have been used to reversibly detect H(2) in an On-Off manner, and function as platforms for enhancing sensing performance. Herein, we review recent advances in nanogap design for H(2) sensors and deal with various strategies to create these gaps, including fracture generation by H(2) exposure, deposition onto prestructured patterns, island formation on a surface, artificial manipulation methods, methods using hybrid materials, and recent approaches using elastomeric substrates. Furthermore, this review discusses a new nanogap design that advances sensing capabilities in order to meet the diverse needs of academia and industry.

11.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 6(1): 598, 2011 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22099689

RESUMO

Crystalline Co nanoparticles were hybridized with single-crystalline Bi nanowires simply by annealing Co-coated Bi nanowires at elevated temperatures. An initially near-amorphous Co film of 2-7 nm in thickness began to disrupt its morphology and to be locally transformed into crystallites in the early stage of annealing. The Co film became discontinuous after prolonged annealing, finally leading to isolated, crystalline Co nanoparticles of 8-27 nm in size. This process spontaneously proceeds to reduce the high surface tension and total energy of Co film. The annealing time required for Co nanoparticle formation decreased as annealing temperature increased, reflecting that this transformation occurs by the diffusional flow of Co atoms. The Co nanoparticle formation process was explained by a hole agglomeration and growth mechanism, which is similar to the model suggested by Brandon and Bradshaw, followed by the nanoparticle refinement.

12.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 6(1): 196, 2011 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21711724

RESUMO

On-film formation of nanowires, termed OFF-ON, is a novel synthetic approach that produces high-quality, single-crystalline nanowires of interest. This versatile method utilizes stress-induced atomic mass flow along grain boundaries in the polycrystalline film to form nanowires. Consequently, controlling the magnitude of the stress induced in the films and the microstructure of the films is important in OFF-ON. In this study, we investigated various experimental growth parameters such as deposition rate, deposition area, and substrate structure which modulate the microstructure and the magnitude of stress in the films, and thus significantly affect the nanowire density. We found that Bi nanowire growth is favored in thermodynamically unstable films that facilitate atomic mass flow during annealing. A large film area and a large thermal expansion coefficient mismatch between the film and the substrate were found to be critical for inducing large compressive stress in a film, which promotes Bi nanowire growth. The OFF-ON method can be routinely used to grow nanowires from a variety of materials by tuning the material-dependent growth parameters.

13.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 6(1): 277, 2011 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21711810

RESUMO

Bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3) is an attractive material for both thermoelectric and topological insulator applications. Its performance is expected to be greatly improved when the material takes nanowire structures. However, it is very difficult to grow high-quality Bi2Te3 nanowires. In this study, a simple and reliable method for the growth of Bi2Te3 nanowires is reported, which uses post-sputtering and annealing in combination with the conventional method involving on-film formation of nanowires. Transmission electron microscopy study shows that Bi2Te3 nanowires grown by our technique are highly single-crystalline and oriented along [110] direction.

16.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 11(3): 2047-51, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21449347

RESUMO

To increase the density of Bi nanowires grown by our unique on-film formation of nanowires (OFF-ON) method, we introduced a technique for enhancing compressive stress, which is the driving force for the nanowire growth. The compressive stress could be controlled by modifying the substrate structure. A combination of photolithography and a reactive ion etching technique was used to fabricate patterns on a thermally oxidized Si(100) substrate. It was found that the density of Bi nanowires grown from Bi films in 100 x 100 microm2-sized SiO2 patterns increases by a factor of seven over that from non-patterned substrates. Our results indicate that the density of Bi nanowires can be increased by enhanced compressive stress arising from a sidewall effect in the optimized pattern size and array.


Assuntos
Bismuto/química , Cristalização/métodos , Membranas Artificiais , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Silício/química , Força Compressiva , Teste de Materiais , Conformação Molecular , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 11(1): 825-51, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22346605

RESUMO

Palladium (Pd) has received attention as an ideal hydrogen sensor material due to its properties such as high sensitivity and selectivity to hydrogen gas, fast response, and operability at room temperature. Interestingly, various Pd nanostructures that have been realized by recent developments in nanotechnologies are known to show better performance than bulk Pd. This review highlights the characteristic properties, issues, and their possible solutions of hydrogen sensors based on the low-dimensional Pd nanostructures with more emphasis on Pd thin films and Pd nanowires. The finite size effects, relative strengths and weaknesses of the respective Pd nanostructures are discussed in terms of performance, manufacturability, and practical applicability.

18.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 6(1): 13, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27502637

RESUMO

A thin FePt film was deposited onto a CrV seed layer at 400°C and showed a high coercivity (~3,400 Oe) and high magnetization (900-1,000 emu/cm(3)) characteristic of L 10 phase. However, the magnetic properties of patterned media fabricated from the film stack were degraded due to the Ar-ion bombardment. We employed a deposition-last process, in which FePt film deposited at room temperature underwent lift-off and post-annealing processes, to avoid the exposure of FePt to Ar plasma. A patterned medium with 100-nm nano-columns showed an out-of-plane coercivity fivefold larger than its in-plane counterpart and a remanent magnetization comparable to saturation magnetization in the out-of-plane direction, indicating a high perpendicular anisotropy. These results demonstrate the high perpendicular anisotropy in FePt patterned media using a Cr-based compound seed layer for the first time and suggest that ultra-high-density magnetic recording media can be achieved using this optimized top-down approach.

19.
Nanotechnology ; 21(49): 495501, 2010 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21079292

RESUMO

Single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) networks were used to detect hazardous dimethyl-methyl-phosphonate (DMMP) gas in real time, employing two different metals as electrodes. Random networks of SWNTs were simply obtained by drop-casting a SWNT-containing solution onto a surface-oxidized Si substrate. Although the electrical responses to DMMP at room temperature were reversible for both metals, the Pd-contacting SWNT network sensors exhibited a higher response and a shorter response time than those of the Au-contacting SWNT network sensors at the same DMMP concentration, due to the stronger interactions between the SWNTs and Pd surface atoms. In Pd-contacting SWNT network sensors, the response increased linearly with increasing DMMP concentration and reproducible response curves were obtained for DMMP levels as low as 1 ppm. These results indicate that SWNT networks in contact with Pd electrodes can function as good DMMP sensors at room temperature with scalable and fast response and excellent recovery.


Assuntos
Substâncias para a Guerra Química/análise , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Organofosfonatos/análise , Fosfitos/análise , Impedância Elétrica , Eletrodos , Ouro/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/ultraestrutura , Oxirredução , Paládio/química , Análise Espectral Raman , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Nanotechnology ; 21(40): 405701, 2010 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20823499

RESUMO

We have systematically investigated the semimetal-to-semiconductor transition of individual single-crystalline Bi nanowires. For this work, we developed a technique to reduce the diameter of Bi nanowires grown by our unique on-film formation of nanowires (OFF-ON) method. Cooling down the substrate temperature during Bi film deposition by use of liquid nitrogen, film structures with small-sized grains were obtained. Through thermal annealing of these fine-granular Bi films, single-crystalline Bi nanowires can be produced with minimum diameter of approximately 20 nm. Elaborative nanofabrication techniques were employed to shape state-of-the-art four-probe devices based on the individual small diameter Bi nanowires. Diameter-dependent transport measurements on the individual Bi nanowires revealed that the semimetal-to-semiconductor transition really occurred at about d(w) = 63 nm. Moreover, band structure calculations supported this occurrence of the semimetal-to-semiconductor transition.

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