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2.
Radiology ; : 204267, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289616

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged and changed our healthcare systems around the world. There has been a heterogeneity of disease burden, healthcare resources, and non-imaging testing availability, both geographically and over time. In parallel, there has been a continued increase in understanding of how the disease affects patients, effectiveness of therapeutic options, and factors that modulate transmission risk. Here we detail experiences from radiology experts in representative countries from around the world, to share insights gained from local experience. These insights provide a guidepost to help address management challenges as cases continue to rise in many parts of the world and suggest modifications in workflow that are likely to continue after this pandemic subsides.

3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295473
4.
Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Costa, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva da; Lopes, Marcelo Antônio Cartaxo Queiroga; Hoff, Paulo Marcelo Gehm; Diz, Maria Del Pilar Estevez; Fonseca, Silvia Moulin Ribeiro; Bittar, Cristina Salvadori; Rehder, Marília Harumi Higuchi dos Santos; Rizk, Stephanie Itala; Almeida, Dirceu Rodrigues; Fernandes, Gustavo dos Santos; Beck-da-Silva, Luís; Campos, Carlos Augusto Homem de Magalhães; Montera, Marcelo Westerlund; Alves, Sílvia Marinho Martins; Fukushima, Júlia Tizue; Santos, Maria Verônica Câmara dos; Negrão, Carlos Eduardo; Silva, Thiago Liguori Feliciano da; Ferreira, Silvia Moreira Ayub; Malachias, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar; Moreira, Maria da Consolação Vieira; Valente Neto, Manuel Maria Ramos; Fonseca, Veronica Cristina Quiroga; Soeiro, Maria Carolina Feres de Almeida; Alves, Juliana Barbosa Sobral; Silva, Carolina Maria Pinto Domingues Carvalho; Sbano, João; Pavanello, Ricardo; Pinto, Ibraim Masciarelli F; Simão, Antônio Felipe; Dracoulakis, Marianna Deway Andrade; Hoff, Ana Oliveira; Assunção, Bruna Morhy Borges Leal; Novis, Yana; Testa, Laura; Alencar Filho, Aristóteles Comte de; Cruz, Cecília Beatriz Bittencourt Viana; Pereira, Juliana; Garcia, Diego Ribeiro; Nomura, Cesar Higa; Rochitte, Carlos Eduardo; Macedo, Ariane Vieira Scarlatelli; Marcatti, Patricia Tavares Felipe; Mathias Junior, Wilson; Wiermann, Evanius Garcia; Val, Renata do; Freitas, Helano; Coutinho, Anelisa; Mathias, Clarissa Maria de Cerqueira; Vieira, Fernando Meton de Alencar Camara; Sasse, André Deeke; Rocha, Vanderson; Ramires, José Antônio Franchini; Kalil Filho, Roberto.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142267
5.
Radiol Bras ; 53(4): 255-261, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32904780

RESUMO

China was the epicenter for the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which quickly spread to other Asian countries and later to Western countries; subsequently, COVID-19 was categorized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization. Diagnosis primarily depends on viral detection in respiratory samples; however, available kits are limited, lack high sensitivity, and have a long turnaround time for providing results. In this scenario, computed tomography has emerged as an efficient and available high-sensitivity method, allowing radiologists to readily recognize findings related to COVID-19. The objective of this article is to demonstrate the main tomographic findings in symptomatic respiratory patients with COVID-19 to assist medical professionals during this critical moment.

6.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 115(1): 111-126, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813825

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a huge challenge to the health system because of the exponential increase in the number of individuals affected. The rational use of resources and correct and judicious indication for imaging exams and interventional procedures are necessary, prioritizing patient, healthcare personnel, and environmental safety. This review was aimed at guiding health professionals in safely and effectively performing imaging exams and interventional procedures.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Doenças Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
7.
Radiol. bras ; 53(4): 255-261, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136082

RESUMO

Abstract China was the epicenter for the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which quickly spread to other Asian countries and later to Western countries; subsequently, COVID-19 was categorized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization. Diagnosis primarily depends on viral detection in respiratory samples; however, available kits are limited, lack high sensitivity, and have a long turnaround time for providing results. In this scenario, computed tomography has emerged as an efficient and available high-sensitivity method, allowing radiologists to readily recognize findings related to COVID-19. The objective of this article is to demonstrate the main tomographic findings in symptomatic respiratory patients with COVID-19 to assist medical professionals during this critical moment.


Resumo A doença pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19) teve epicentro na China e rapidamente se espalhou pelos demais países asiáticos e, posteriormente, para os países ocidentais, sendo definida como pandemia pela Organização Mundial da Saúde. O diagnóstico da COVID-19 é primariamente dependente da pesquisa do vírus nas vias aéreas superiores, mas os kits para sua confirmação ainda são limitados, não apresentam sensibilidade elevada e os resultados são demorados. Nesse cenário, a tomografia computadorizada surge como método eficiente e disponível e com alta sensibilidade, cabendo a nós radiologistas reconhecer prontamente os achados relacionados a essa doença. O objetivo deste artigo é demonstrar os principais achados tomográficos de tórax em pacientes sintomáticos respiratórios infectados pela COVID-19, de modo a auxiliar os colegas nesse momento crítico.

8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(1): 111-126, jul. 2020. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131250

RESUMO

Resumo A pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19) trouxe grandes desafios para o sistema de saúde devido ao aumento exponencial do número de pacientes acometidos. A racionalização de recursos e a indicação correta e criteriosa de exames de imagem e procedimentos intervencionistas tornaram-se necessárias, priorizando a segurança do paciente, do ambiente e dos profissionais da saúde. Esta revisão visa auxiliar e orientar os profissionais envolvidos na realização desses exames e procedimentos a fazê-los de forma eficaz e segura.


Abstract The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a huge challenge to the health system because of the exponential increase in the number of individuals affected. The rational use of resources and correct and judicious indication for imaging exams and interventional procedures are necessary, prioritizing patient, healthcare personnel, and environmental safety. This review was aimed at guiding health professionals in safely and effectively performing imaging exams and interventional procedures.

9.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 75: e2027, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578826

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), emerged in Wuhan city and was declared a pandemic in March 2020. Although the virus is not restricted to the lung parenchyma, the use of chest imaging in COVID-19 can be especially useful for patients with moderate to severe symptoms or comorbidities. This article aimed to demonstrate the chest imaging findings of COVID-19 on different modalities: chest radiography, computed tomography, and ultrasonography. In addition, it intended to review recommendations on imaging assessment of COVID-19 and to discuss the use of a structured chest computed tomography report. Chest radiography, despite being a low-cost and easily available method, has low sensitivity for screening patients. It can be useful in monitoring hospitalized patients, especially for the evaluation of complications such as pneumothorax and pleural effusion. Chest computed tomography, despite being highly sensitive, has a low specificity, and hence cannot replace the reference diagnostic test (reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction). To facilitate the confection and reduce the variability of radiological reports, some standardizations with structured reports have been proposed. Among the available classifications, it is possible to divide the radiological findings into typical, indeterminate, atypical, and negative findings. The structured report can also contain an estimate of the extent of lung involvement (e.g., more or less than 50% of the lung parenchyma). Pulmonary ultrasonography can also be an auxiliary method, especially for monitoring hospitalized patients in intensive care units, where transfer to a tomography scanner is difficult.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Coronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Tosse/etiologia , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Radiografia Torácica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Trials ; 21(1): 337, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic cardiomyopathy and severe left ventricular dysfunction are well established to represent the main determinants of poor survival and premature death compared with preserved ventricular function. However, the role of myocardial revascularization as a therapeutic alternative is not known to improve the long-term prognosis in this group of patients. This study will investigate whether myocardial revascularization contributes to a better prognosis for patients compared with those treated with drugs alone and followed over the long term. METHODS: The study will include 600 patients with coronary artery disease associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy. The surgical or drug therapy option will be randomized, and the events considered for analysis will be all-cause mortality, nonfatal infarction, unstable angina requiring additional revascularization, and stroke. The events will be analyzed according to the intent-to-treat principle. Patients with multivessel coronary disease and left ventricular ejection fraction measurements of less than 35% will be included. In addition, myocardial ischemia will be documented by myocardial scintigraphy. Markers of myocardial necrosis will be checked at admission and after the procedure. DISCUSSION: The role of myocardial revascularization (CABG) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure is not clearly established. The surgical option of revascularizing the myocardium is a procedure designed to reduce the load of myocardial hibernation in patients with heart failure caused by coronary artery disease. On the other hand, the assessment of myocardial viability is frequently used to identify patients with left ventricular ischemic dysfunction in which CABG may add survival benefit. However, the effectiveness of this option is uncertain. The great difficulty in establishing the efficacy of surgical intervention is based on the understanding of viability without ischemia. Thus, this study will include only patients with viable and truly ischemic myocardium to correct this anomaly. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Evaluation of a randomized comparison between patients with coronary artery disease associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy submitted to medical or surgical treatment: MASS-VI (HF), ISRCTN77449548, Oct 10th, 2019 (retrospectively registered).

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e18973, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080075

RESUMO

This study investigated the relationship between angiographic complexities of coronary artery disease (CAD) assessed by SYNTAX Score synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery score (SYNTAX Score) and cardiac biomarker elevation after revascularization procedures.This is a post-hoc analysis of the medicine, angioplasty or surgery study V study of patients with stable CAD. High-sensitivity troponin 1 (hs-TnI) and creatinine kinase-muscle/brain (CK-MB) were assessed before and after cardiovascular procedures. Baselines SYNTAX Scores (SXScores) were calculated by blinded investigators to patient characteristics.Of the 202 patients studied, the mean SXScore was 21.25 ±â€Š9.24; 40.10 ±â€Š7.09 in the high SXScore group and 19.06 ±â€Š6.61 in low/mid SXscore group (P < .0001). Positive correlations existed between SXScore and median peaks after procedural hs-TnI (r = 0.18, P = .009) and CK-MB (r = 0.24, P = .001) levels. In patients with high SXScores (≥33), the median peaks of post-procedural hs-TnI (P = .034)and CK-MB (P = .004) levels were higher than in low/mid SXScore group (<33).The release of hs-TnI at 6 (P = .002), 12 (P = .008), and 24 hours (P = .039) was higher in high SXScore group than in low/mid SXscore group (<33) as was the release of CK-MB at 6 (P < .0001), 12 (P < .0001), 24 (P = .001), 36 (P = .007), 48 (P = .008), and 72 hours (P = .023). After multivariable analysis, high SXScore was a significant independent predictor of release of CK-MB and hs-TnI peaks higher than the median.The increase in release of cardiac biomarkers was significantly associated with the extent of atherosclerosis identified by the SYNTAX Score.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Idoso , Angioplastia/métodos , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/tendências , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Troponina I/metabolismo
15.
Clinics ; 75: e2027, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133362

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), emerged in Wuhan city and was declared a pandemic in March 2020. Although the virus is not restricted to the lung parenchyma, the use of chest imaging in COVID-19 can be especially useful for patients with moderate to severe symptoms or comorbidities. This article aimed to demonstrate the chest imaging findings of COVID-19 on different modalities: chest radiography, computed tomography, and ultrasonography. In addition, it intended to review recommendations on imaging assessment of COVID-19 and to discuss the use of a structured chest computed tomography report. Chest radiography, despite being a low-cost and easily available method, has low sensitivity for screening patients. It can be useful in monitoring hospitalized patients, especially for the evaluation of complications such as pneumothorax and pleural effusion. Chest computed tomography, despite being highly sensitive, has a low specificity, and hence cannot replace the reference diagnostic test (reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction). To facilitate the confection and reduce the variability of radiological reports, some standardizations with structured reports have been proposed. Among the available classifications, it is possible to divide the radiological findings into typical, indeterminate, atypical, and negative findings. The structured report can also contain an estimate of the extent of lung involvement (e.g., more or less than 50% of the lung parenchyma). Pulmonary ultrasonography can also be an auxiliary method, especially for monitoring hospitalized patients in intensive care units, where transfer to a tomography scanner is difficult.

16.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(4): 346-349, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047206

RESUMO

Na nova era da Medicina de Precisão, a inteligência artificial (IA) - um conjunto de sistemas e programas que permitem às máquinas serem capazes de executar tarefas que habitual mente exigiriam a participação humana - emerge como ferramenta capaz de criar novas maneiras de analisar as imagens médicas além dos parâmetros morfológicos convencionais. Embora ainda não estejam completamente disponíveis para o uso clínico, essa nova abordagem tem grande potencial de aplicação na prática clínica e de pesquisa médica. A discussão dos conceitos básicos, potenciais aplicações e limitações das novas técnicas de IA no diagnóstico por imagem é importante para a interpretação adequada do potencial efeito que essa tecnologia teria na medicina, contrapondo-se à excessiva ansiedade despertada por abordagens superficiais e apressadas. Este artigo tem por objetivo apresentar uma visão equilibrada e atual sobre o tema, com especial foco no presente e no futuro da imagenologia cardíaca


In the new era of Precision Medicine, artificial intelligence (AI) - a set of systems and programs that enable machines to be able to perform cognitive tasks that would usually require human participation emerges as a tool that can create new ways of analyzing images beyond the conventional morphological parameters. Although not yet ready for clinical use, these tools have a potential effect on clinical and research practice. The discussion of the basic concepts, potential applications and limitations of new AI techniques in imaging diagnosis is important for a balanced interpretation of their results, as opposed to the excessive anxiety recently observed among professionals dealing with the subject. In this brief article, we aim to take a balanced and attentive look on this subject, with special focus on the horizon of modern cardiac imaging


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Informática Médica/métodos , Cardiologia , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina
18.
Radiol Bras ; 52(3): 193-197, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210695

RESUMO

Coronary arteries originating from the contralateral (noncoronary) sinus and having an interarterial course, in which they run from the ascending aorta to the pulmonary trunk, is a potentially fatal anomaly. Computed tomography (CT) angiography facilitates the recognition and therapeutic planning of such anomalies because of its ability to acquire high-resolution images of the entire course of the coronary artery, as well as of the accompanying atherosclerotic involvement. The right coronary artery originating from the left coronary sinus is the most prevalent anomaly of this type and usually implies a better prognosis, the interarterial course being classified as "high" or "low", depending on whether it is above or below the level of the pulmonary valve, with consequent stratification of the risk and the treatment. However, it is known that there is a high risk of sudden death among patients with a left coronary artery of anomalous origin from the right sinus. In such cases, surgical treatment is recommended, regardless of whether there are symptoms or evidence of ischemia. Given the importance of those aspects, which can be identified on CT of the chest or CT angiography of the aorta, this pictorial essay aims to illustrate such anomalies to facilitate their recognition and description by radiologists who are not specialists in cardiac imaging.

19.
Insights Imaging ; 10(1): 62, 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide clinical validation of a recent 2D SENSE-based accelerated cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) sequence (accelerated k-t SENSE), investigating whether this technique accurately quantifies left ventricle (LV) volumes, function, and mass as compared to 2D cine steady-state free precession (2D-SSFP). METHODS: Healthy volunteers (n = 16) and consecutive heart failure patients (n = 26) were scanned using a 1.5 T MRI system. Two LV short axis (SA) stacks were acquired: (1) accelerated k-t SENSE (5-6 breath-holds; temporal/spatial resolution: 37 ms/1.82 × 1.87 mm; acceleration factor = 4) and (2) standard 2D-SSFP (10-12 breath-holds; temporal/spatial resolution: 49 ms/1.67 × 1.87 mm, parallel imaging). Ascending aorta phase-contrast was performed on all volunteers as a reference to compare LV stroke volumes (LVSV) and validate the sequences. An image quality score for SA images was used, with lower scores indicating better quality (from 0 to 18). RESULTS: There was a high agreement between accelerated k-t SENSE and 2D-SSFP for LV measurements: bias (limits of agreement) of 2.4% (- 5.4% to 10.1%), 6.9 mL/m2 (- 4.7 to 18.6 mL/m2), - 1.5 (- 8.3 to 5.2 mL/m2), and - 0.2 g/m2 (- 11.9 to 12.3 g/m2) for LV ejection fraction, end-diastolic volume index, end-systolic volume index, and mass index, respectively. LVSV by accelerated k-t SENSE presented good agreement with aortic flow. Interobserver and intraobserver variabilities for all LV parameters were also high. CONCLUSION: The accelerated k-t SENSE CMR sequence is clinically feasible and accurately quantifies LV volumes, function, and mass, with short acquisition time and good image quality.

20.
Radiol. bras ; 52(3): 193-197, May-June 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012936

RESUMO

Abstract Coronary arteries originating from the contralateral (noncoronary) sinus and having an interarterial course, in which they run from the ascending aorta to the pulmonary trunk, is a potentially fatal anomaly. Computed tomography (CT) angiography facilitates the recognition and therapeutic planning of such anomalies because of its ability to acquire high-resolution images of the entire course of the coronary artery, as well as of the accompanying atherosclerotic involvement. The right coronary artery originating from the left coronary sinus is the most prevalent anomaly of this type and usually implies a better prognosis, the interarterial course being classified as "high" or "low", depending on whether it is above or below the level of the pulmonary valve, with consequent stratification of the risk and the treatment. However, it is known that there is a high risk of sudden death among patients with a left coronary artery of anomalous origin from the right sinus. In such cases, surgical treatment is recommended, regardless of whether there are symptoms or evidence of ischemia. Given the importance of those aspects, which can be identified on CT of the chest or CT angiography of the aorta, this pictorial essay aims to illustrate such anomalies to facilitate their recognition and description by radiologists who are not specialists in cardiac imaging.


Resumo O trajeto interarterial das artérias coronárias com origem em seio contralateral/não coronariano é uma anomalia potencialmente fatal caracterizada pelo trajeto das coronárias entre a aorta ascendente e o tronco da artéria pulmonar. A angiotomografia auxilia no reconhecimento e planejamento terapêutico dessas alterações, em virtude da sua capacidade em adquirir imagens de alta resolução de todo o trajeto coronariano, assim como do envolvimento aterosclerótico associado. A artéria coronária direita originada no seio coronariano esquerdo costuma ser mais prevalente e relacionada a um melhor prognóstico, sendo classificada em curso interarterial "alto" ou "baixo" de acordo com a altura do seu trajeto em relação à valva pulmonar, com consequente estratificação de risco e tratamento distintos. Sabe-se, entretanto, que há um elevado risco de morte súbita entre pacientes com artéria coronária esquerda de origem anômala a partir do seio direito, sendo recomendado tratamento cirúrgico, independentemente de sintomas ou evidência de isquemia. Em razão da importância desses achados que podem ser encontrados em exames de tomografia de tórax e angiotomografias de aorta, o presente ensaio tem por objetivo ilustrar as anomalias de trajeto das artérias coronárias, para facilitar seu reconhecimento e sua descrição por médicos radiologistas não especialistas em imagem cardíaca.

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