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1.
BMC Med ; 16(1): 136, 2018 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30089491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Online dietary assessment tools can reduce administrative costs and facilitate repeated dietary assessment during follow-up in large-scale studies. However, information on bias due to measurement error of such tools is limited. We developed an online 24-h recall (myfood24) and compared its performance with a traditional interviewer-administered multiple-pass 24-h recall, assessing both against biomarkers. METHODS: Metabolically stable adults were recruited and completed the new online dietary recall, an interviewer-based multiple pass recall and a suite of reference measures. Longer-term dietary intake was estimated from up to 3 × 24-h recalls taken 2 weeks apart. Estimated intakes of protein, potassium and sodium were compared with urinary biomarker concentrations. Estimated total sugar intake was compared with a predictive biomarker and estimated energy intake compared with energy expenditure measured by accelerometry and calorimetry. Nutrient intakes were also compared to those derived from an interviewer-administered multiple-pass 24-h recall. RESULTS: Biomarker samples were received from 212 participants on at least one occasion. Both self-reported dietary assessment tools led to attenuation compared to biomarkers. The online tools resulted in attenuation factors of around 0.2-0.3 and partial correlation coefficients, reflecting ranking intakes, of approximately 0.3-0.4. This was broadly similar to the more administratively burdensome interviewer-based tool. Other nutrient estimates derived from myfood24 were around 10-20% lower than those from the interviewer-based tool, with wide limits of agreement. Intraclass correlation coefficients were approximately 0.4-0.5, indicating consistent moderate agreement. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that, whilst results from both measures of self-reported diet are attenuated compared to biomarker measures, the myfood24 online 24-h recall is comparable to the more time-consuming and costly interviewer-based 24-h recall across a range of measures.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/química , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta/métodos , Avaliação Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Educação a Distância , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMJ Open ; 8(4): e020810, 2018 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29703857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence to suggest an association between sleep and diet. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sleep duration and fruit/vegetable (FV) intakes and their associated biomarkers in UK adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Data from The National Diet and Nutrition Survey. PARTICIPANTS: 1612 adults aged 19-65 years were included, pregnant/breastfeeding women were excluded from the analyses. OUTCOME MEASURES: Sleep duration was assessed by self-report, and diet was assessed by 4-day food diaries, disaggregation of foods containing FV into their components was conducted to determine total FV intakes. Sleep duration was divided into: short (<7 hours/day), reference (7-8 hours/day) and long (>8 hours/day) sleep periods. Multiple regression adjusting for confounders was used for analyses where sleep duration was the exposure and FV intakes and their associated biomarkers were the outcomes. Restricted cubic spline models were developed to explore potential non-linear associations. RESULTS: In adjusted models, long sleepers (LS) consumed on average 28 (95% CI -50 to -6, p=0.01) g/day less of total FV compared to reference sleepers (RS), whereas short sleepers (SS) consumed 24 g/day less (95% CI -42 to -6, p=0.006) and had lower levels of FV biomarkers (total carotenoids, ß-carotene and lycopene) compared to RS. Restricted cubic spline models showed that the association between sleep duration and FV intakes was non-linear (p<0.001) with RS having the highest intakes compared to SS and LS. The associations between sleep duration and plasma total carotenoids (p=0.0035), plasma vitamin C (p=0.009) and lycopene (p<0.001) were non-linear with RS having the highest levels. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show a link between sleep duration and FV consumption. This may have important implications for lifestyle and behavioural change policy.


Assuntos
Dieta , Frutas , Sono , Verduras , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Adulto Jovem
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